______________________________________________________________________
                       _________________________
                                   
                  SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
                        Washington, D.C. 20549

                               FORM 10-K
(Mark One)
X         ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF
          THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934 [FEE REQUIRED]

          For the Fiscal Year Ended December 31, 1995

                                OR

          TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13
          OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE
          ACT OF 1934 [NO FEE REQUIRED]

          For the transition period from __________ to __________

Commission      Registrant, State of Incorporation,    IRS Employer
File Number     Address of Principal Executive         Identification No.
                Offices and Telephone Number           
1-11299         ENTERGY CORPORATION                    72-1229752
                (a Delaware corporation)               
                639 Loyola Avenue                      
                New Orleans, Louisiana 70113           
                Telephone (504) 529-5262               
                                                       
1-10764         ARKANSAS POWER & LIGHT COMPANY         71-0005900
                (an Arkansas corporation)              
                425 West Capitol Avenue, 40th Floor    
                Little Rock, Arkansas 72201            
                Telephone (501) 377-4000               
                                                       
1-2703          GULF STATES UTILITIES COMPANY          74-0662730
                (a Texas corporation)                  
                350 Pine Street                        
                Beaumont, Texas  77701                 
                Telephone (409) 838-6631               
                                                       
1-8474          LOUISIANA POWER & LIGHT COMPANY        72-0245590
                (a Louisiana corporation)              
                639 Loyola Avenue                      
                New Orleans, Louisiana 70113           
                Telephone (504) 529-5262               
                                                       
0-320           MISSISSIPPI POWER & LIGHT COMPANY      64-0205830
                (a Mississippi corporation)            
                308 East Pearl Street                  
                Jackson, Mississippi 39201             
                Telephone (601) 368-5000               
                                                       
0-5807          NEW ORLEANS PUBLIC SERVICE INC.        72-0273040
                (a Louisiana corporation)              
                639 Loyola Avenue                      
                New Orleans, Louisiana 70113           
                Telephone (504) 529-5262               
                                                       
1-9067          SYSTEM ENERGY RESOURCES, INC.          72-0752777
                (an Arkansas corporation)              
                Echelon One                            
                1340 Echelon Parkway                   
                Jackson, Mississippi 39213             
                Telephone (601) 368-5000               
                                                       


Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

                                                       Name of Each Exchange
Registrant              Title of Class                 on Which Registered
- - - - ------------            ----------------               -------------------

Entergy Corporation     Common Stock, $0.01 Par Value  New York Stock
                        - 227,770,617                  Exchange, Inc.
                          Shares outstanding at        Chicago Stock
                        February 29, 1996              Exchange
                                                         Incorporated
                                                       Pacific Stock
                                                       Exchange
                                                         Incorporated

Arkansas Power & Light  $2.40 Preferred Stock,         New York Stock
Company                 Cumulative,  $0.01 Par         Exchange, Inc.
                          Value ($25 Involuntary       
                        Liquidation Value)
                        
Gulf States Utilities   Preferred Stock, Cumulative,
Company                 $100 Par Value:
                          $4.40 Dividend Series        New York Stock
                                                       Exchange, Inc.
                          $4.52 Dividend Series        New York Stock
                                                       Exchange, Inc.
                          $5.08 Dividend Series        New York Stock
                                                       Exchange, Inc.
                          $8.80 Dividend Series        New York Stock
                                                       Exchange, Inc.
                          Adjustable Rate Series B     New York Stock
                        (Depository Receipts)          Exchange, Inc.
                                                       

                        Preference Stock, Cumulative,  New York Stock
                        without Par Value              Exchange, Inc.
                          $1.75 Dividend Series        
                                                       
Louisiana Power &       9.68% Preferred Stock,         New York Stock
Light Company           Cumulative, $25 Par            Exchange, Inc.
                          Value
                        12.64% Preferred Stock,        New York Stock
                        Cumulative, $25 Par            Exchange, Inc.
                          Value

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act:

Registrant                Title of Class
- - - - -----------               --------------------
                          
Arkansas Power & Light    Preferred Stock, Cumulative, $100
Company                   Par Value
                          Preferred Stock, Cumulative, $25
                          Par Value
                          Preferred Stock, Cumulative,
                          $0.01 Par Value
                          
Gulf States Utilities     Preferred Stock, Cumulative, $100
Company                   Par Value
                          
Louisiana Power & Light   Preferred Stock, Cumulative, $100
Company                   Par Value
                          Preferred Stock, Cumulative, $25
                          Par Value
                          
Mississippi Power &       Preferred Stock, Cumulative, $100
Light Company             Par Value
                          
New Orleans Public        Preferred Stock, Cumulative, $100
Service Inc.              Par Value



     Indicate by check mark whether the registrants (1) have filed all
reports  required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities
Exchange  Act  of  1934 during the preceding 12 months  (or  for  such
shorter  period  that  the  registrants were  required  to  file  such
reports),  and  (2) have been subject to such filing requirements  for
the past 90 days.  Yes X   No ____

      Indicate  by  check  mark  if disclosure  of  delinquent  filers
pursuant  to  Item 405 of Regulation S-K is not contained herein,  and
will  not be contained, to the best of the registrants' knowledge,  in
definitive  proxy or information statements incorporated by  reference
in Part III of this Form 10-K or any amendment to this Form 10-K.  X

      The  aggregate market value of Entergy Corporation Common Stock,
$0.01  Par Value, held by non affiliates, was $6.5 billion  based
on  the  reported last sale price of such stock on the New York  Stock
Exchange on February 29, 1996.  Entergy Corporation is the sole holder
of  the  common stock of Arkansas Power & Light Company,  Gulf  States
Utilities Company, Louisiana Power & Light Company, Mississippi  Power
&  Light  Company, New Orleans Public Service Inc., and System  Energy
Resources, Inc.

                                   
                  DOCUMENTS INCORPORATED BY REFERENCE
                                   
      Portions  of  the Proxy Statement of Entergy Corporation  to  be
filed  in  connection with its Annual Meeting of Stockholders,  to  be
held May 2, 1996, are incorporated by reference into Part III hereof.



                           TABLE OF CONTENTS
                                                                      
                                                                  Page
                                                                Number
                                                                ------

Definitions                                                       i
Part I
     Item   1.      Business                                      1
     Item   2       Properties                                    40
     Item   3.      Legal Proceedings                             40
     Item   4.      Submission of Matters to a Vote of Security
                    Holders                                       40
Part II
     Item   5.      Market for Registrants' Common Equity and
                    Related Stockholder Matters                   40
     Item   6.      Selected Financial Data                       41
     Item   7.      Management's Discussion and Analysis of
                    Financial Condition and Results of Operations 41
     Item   8.      Financial Statements and Supplementary Data   42
     Item   9.      Changes in and Disagreements with Accountants
                    on Accounting and Financial Disclosure        184
Part III
     Item 10.       Directors and Executive Officers of the
                    Registrants                                   184
     Item 11.       Executive Compensation                        194
     Item 12.       Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial
                    Owners and Management                         200
     Item 13.       Certain Relationships and Related
                    Transactions                                  204
Part IV
     Item 14.       Exhibits, Financial Statement Schedules,
                    and Reports on Form 8-K                       205
Experts                                                           206
Signatures                                                        207
Consents of Experts                                               214
Report of Independent Accountants on Financial Statement Schedules218
Independent Auditors' Report on Financial Statement Schedules     219
Index to Financial Statement Schedules                            S-1
Exhibit Index                                                     E-1


This  combined  Form 10-K is separately filed by Entergy  Corporation,
Arkansas  Power  &  Light  Company,  Gulf  States  Utilities  Company,
Louisiana  Power & Light Company, Mississippi Power &  Light  Company,
New  Orleans  Public Service Inc., and System Energy  Resources,  Inc.
Information  contained  herein relating to any individual  company  is
filed by such company on its own behalf.  None of these companies make
any representations as to information relating to the other companies.

This  report (including the material incorporated herein by reference)
should  be  read in its entirety.  No one section of the report  deals
with all aspects of the subject matter.


                                   
                              DEFINITIONS
                                   
      Certain abbreviations or acronyms used in the text and notes are
defined below:

Abbreviation or Acronym  Term
- - - - ----------------------- ----

AFUDC                    Allowance   for   Funds   Used   During
                         Construction

Algiers                  15th  Ward  of the City of New  Orleans,
                         Louisiana

ALJ                      Administrative Law Judge

ANO                      Arkansas  Nuclear  One  Steam  Electric
                         Generating Station (nuclear), owned by AP&L

ANO 1                    Unit No. 1 of ANO

ANO 2                    Unit No. 2 of ANO

AP&L                     Arkansas Power & Light Company

APSC                     Arkansas Public Service Commission

Arkansas District Court  United  States District Court for the Western
                         District of Arkansas

Availability Agreement   Agreement,  dated  as of June  21,  1974,  as
                         amended, among System Energy and AP&L,  LP&L,
                         MP&L, and NOPSI, and the assignments thereof

Cajun                    Cajun Electric Power Cooperative, Inc.

Capital Funds Agreement  Agreement,  dated  as of June  21,  1974,  as
                         amended,  between System Energy  and  Entergy
                         Corporation, and the assignments thereof

CitiPower                CitiPower Ltd.

City of New Orleans 
    or City              New Orleans, Louisiana

Council                  Council  of  the  City of  New  Orleans,
                         Louisiana

D.C. Circuit             United  States  Court  of  Appeals  for   the
                         District of Columbia Circuit

DOE                      United States Department of Energy

Eighth Circuit           United  States  Court  of  Appeals  for   the
                         Eighth Circuit

EPAct                    Energy Policy Act of 1992

Entergy                  Entergy  Corporation  and  its  various
                         direct and indirect subsidiaries

Entergy Corporation      Entergy  Corporation, a Delaware corporation,
                         successor  to Entergy Corporation, a  Florida
                         corporation



                        DEFINITIONS (Continued)
                                   

Abbreviation or Acronym  Term
- - - - ----------------------- ----

Entergy Enterprises      Entergy Enterprises, Inc.

Entergy Operations       Entergy Operations, Inc.

Entergy Power            Entergy Power, Inc.

Entergy Services         Entergy Services, Inc.

EPA                      Environmental Protection Agency

EWG                      Exempt Wholesale Generator

FASB                     Financial Accounting Standards Board

FERC                     Federal Energy Regulatory Commission

Fifth Circuit            United States Court of Appeals for the  Fifth
                         Circuit

G&R                      General and Refunding

Grand Gulf               Grand  Gulf Steam Electric Generating Station
                         (nuclear), owned 90% by System Energy

Grand Gulf 1             Unit No. 1 of Grand Gulf

Grand Gulf 2             Unit No. 2 of Grand Gulf

GSU                      Gulf States Utilities Company (including
                         wholly    owned   subsidiaries   -    Varibus
                         Corporation,  GSG&T, Inc., Prudential  Oil  &
                         Gas,   Inc.,   and  Southern   Gulf   Railway
                         Company)

Independence             Independence   Steam   Electric    Generating
                         Station  (coal), owned 16% by  AP&L,  25%  by
                         MP&L, and 16% by Entergy Power

Independence 2           Unit  No.  2  of  the  Independence  Station,
                         owned    25%   by   MP&L   and    31.5%    by
                         Entergy Power

IRS                      Internal Revenue Service

KWh                      Kilowatt-Hour(s)

LP&L                     Louisiana Power & Light Company

LPSC                     Louisiana Public Service Commission

MCF                      1,000 cubic feet of gas



                        DEFINITIONS (Continued)
                                   

Abbreviation or Acronym  Term
- - - - ----------------------- ----

Merger                   The combination transaction, consummated
                         on  December 31, 1993, by which GSU became  a
                         subsidiary   of   Entergy   Corporation   and
                         Entergy   Corporation   became   a   Delaware
                         corporation

MP&L                     Mississippi Power & Light Company

MPSC                     Mississippi Public Service Commission

MW                       Megawatt(s)

Nelson Unit 6            Unit   No.  6  (coal)  of  the  Nelson  Steam
                         Electric  Generating Station,  owned  70%  by
                         GSU

NISCO                    Nelson Industrial Steam Company

1991 NOPSI Settlement    Settlement  retroactive to October  4,  1991,
                         among  NOPSI,  the Council, and the  Alliance
                         for  Affordable Energy, Inc. (local  consumer
                         advocate  group), which settled certain Grand
                         Gulf    1   prudence   issues   and   certain
                         litigation   related  to   the   February   4
                         Resolution

1994 NOPSI Settlement    Settlement    effective  January   1,   1995,
                         between NOPSI and the Council in which  NOPSI
                         agreed to implement a permanent reduction  in
                         electric  and gas rates and resolve  disputes
                         with  the  Council  in the interpretation  of
                         the 1991 NOPSI Settlement

NOPSI                    New Orleans Public Service Inc.

NRC                      Nuclear Regulatory Commission

Operating Companies      AP&L,    GSU,   LP&L,   MP&L,   and    NOPSI,
                         collectively

PRP                      Potentially Responsible Party (a  person
                         or   entity  that  may  be  responsible   for
                         remediation of environmental contamination)

PUCT                     Public Utility Commission of Texas

PUHCA                    Public  Utility Holding Company Act of  1935,
                         as amended

PURPA                    Public Utility Regulatory Policies Act

Rate Cap                 The  level  of  GSU's  retail  electric  base
                         rates  in  effect at December 31,  1993,  for
                         the  Louisiana retail jurisdiction,  and  the
                         level  of such rates in effect prior  to  the
                         settlement  agreement with the PUCT  on  July
                         21,  1994, for the Texas retail jurisdiction,
                         which  may  not  be exceeded before  December
                         31, 1998


                        DEFINITIONS (Concluded)
                                   

Abbreviation or Acronym  Term
- - - - ----------------------- ----

Reallocation Agreement   1981  Agreement,  superseded  in  part  by  a
                         June  13, 1985 decision of FERC, among  AP&L,
                         LP&L,   MP&L,   NOPSI,  and   System   Energy
                         relating  to the sale of capacity and  energy
                         from Grand Gulf

Ritchie 2                Unit  No.  2  of  the  R.  E.  Ritchie  Steam
                         Electric Generating Station (gas/oil)

River Bend               River  Bend Steam Electric Generating Station
                         (nuclear), owned 70% by GSU

RUS                      Rural  Utility Services  (formerly  the
                         Rural   Electrification   Administration   or
                         "REA")

SEC                      Securities and Exchange Commission

SFAS                     Statement   of  Financial   Accounting
                         Standards,   promulgated  by  the   Financial
                         Accounting Standards Board

SMEPA                    South Mississippi Electric Power Agency

System                   Entergy  Corporation and its  various  direct
                         and indirect subsidiaries

System Agreement         Agreement,  effective  January  1,  1983,  as
                         modified,   among  the  Operating   Companies
                         relating   to   the  sharing  of   generating
                         capacity and other power resources

System Energy            System Energy Resources, Inc.

System Fuels             System Fuels, Inc.

Unit Power Sales Agreement     Agreement, dated as of June  10,  1982,
                         as  amended and approved by FERC, among AP&L,
                         LP&L,   MP&L,   NOPSI,  and  System   Energy,
                         relating  to the sale of capacity and  energy
                         from System Energy's share of Grand Gulf 1

Waterford 3              Unit  No. 3 (nuclear) of the Waterford  Steam
                         Electric  Generating Station, owned 90.7%  by
                         LP&L.   The remaining 9.3% undivided interest
                         is leased by LP&L
                                   

                                PART I
                                   
Item 1.  Business

                          BUSINESS OF ENTERGY
                                   
General

      Entergy Corporation was originally incorporated under the laws of
the  State  of Florida on May 27, 1949.  On December 31, 1993,  Entergy
Corporation merged with and into Entergy-GSU Holdings, Inc., a Delaware
corporation,  which  then  changed its  name  to  Entergy  Corporation.
Entergy  Corporation  is  a public utility holding  company  registered
under  PUHCA  and does not own or operate any significant assets  other
than  the stock of its subsidiaries.  Entergy Corporation owns  all  of
the outstanding common stock of five domestic retail operating electric
utility  subsidiaries,  AP&L, GSU, LP&L, MP&L,  and  NOPSI.   AP&L  was
incorporated under the laws of the State of Arkansas in 1926;  GSU  was
incorporated  under the laws of the State of Texas in  1925;  LP&L  and
NOPSI  were  incorporated under the laws of the State of  Louisiana  in
1974  and 1926, respectively; and MP&L was incorporated under the  laws
of  the  State  of Mississippi in 1963.  As of December 31,  1995,  the
Operating   Companies  provided  electric  service   to   approximately
2.4   million   customers  in  the  States  of   Arkansas,   Louisiana,
Mississippi, Tennessee, and Texas.  In addition, GSU furnishes  natural
gas  utility  service  in the Baton Rouge, Louisiana  area,  and  NOPSI
furnishes  natural  gas utility service in the New  Orleans,  Louisiana
area.   GSU produces and sells, on a nonregulated basis, process  steam
and  by-product electricity supplied from its steam electric extraction
plant  to  a large industrial customer.  The business of the  Operating
Companies  is  subject to seasonal fluctuations with  the  peak  period
occurring during the third quarter.  During 1995, the System's electric
sales  as a percentage of total System electric sales were: residential
- - - - -  26.8%;  commercial - 20%; and industrial - 40.8%.  Electric revenues
from  these  sectors as a percentage of total System electric  revenues
were:  35.6% - residential; 24.4% - commercial; and 29.6% - industrial.
Sales  to  governmental  and  municipal sectors  and  to  nonaffiliated
utilities  accounted  for the balance of energy  sales.   The  System's
major  industrial  customers are in the chemical processing,  petroleum
refining, paper products, and food products industries.

      Entergy  Corporation also owns directly all  of  the  outstanding
common  stock  of the following subsidiary companies:   System  Energy,
Entergy   Services,   Entergy  Operations,   Entergy   Power,   Entergy
Enterprises,  Entergy S.A., Entergy Argentina S.A.,  Entergy  Argentina
S.A.,  Ltd.,  Entergy Power Development Corporation, Entergy  Transener
S.A.,  Entergy  Power Marketing Corporation, Entergy Power  Development
International   Holdings,   Inc.,   and   Entergy   Power   Development
International  Corporation.   System Energy  is  a  nuclear  generating
company  that was incorporated under the laws of the State of  Arkansas
in 1974.  System Energy sells at wholesale the capacity and energy from
its  90%  interest in Grand Gulf 1 to its only customers,  AP&L,  LP&L,
MP&L,  and  NOPSI  (see "CAPITAL REQUIREMENTS AND  FUTURE  FINANCING  -
Certain  System  Financial and Support Agreements -  Unit  Power  Sales
Agreement," below).  System Energy has approximately a 78.5%  ownership
interest  and  an  11.5% leasehold interest in Grand Gulf  1.   Entergy
Services, a Delaware corporation, provides general executive, advisory,
administrative, accounting, legal, engineering, and other  services  to
the  Operating  Companies, generally at cost.   Entergy  Operations,  a
Delaware  corporation,  is a nuclear management company  that  operates
ANO,  River Bend, Waterford 3, and Grand Gulf 1, subject to  the  owner
oversight of AP&L, GSU, LP&L, and System Energy, respectively.  Entergy
Power,  a  Delaware corporation, is an independent power producer  that
owns  809 MW of generating capacity and markets its capacity and energy
in  the  wholesale market and in other markets not otherwise  presently
served   by   the  System.   (For  further  information  on  regulatory
proceedings related to Entergy Power, see "RATE MATTERS AND  REGULATION
- - - - -  Rate  Matters  -  Wholesale Rate Matters - Entergy  Power,"  below).
Entergy Enterprises is a nonutility company incorporated under Delaware
law  that  invests  in and develops energy-related projects  and  other
businesses  that  are  or  may be of benefit to  the  System's  utility
business   (see  "Domestic  and  Foreign  Energy-Related  Investments,"
below).   Entergy Enterprises also markets outside the System technical
expertise, products, and services developed by the Operating  Companies
that  have commercial value beyond their use in the System's operations
and  provides services to certain nonutility companies in  the  System.
Entergy  Corporation also has subsidiaries that participate in  utility
projects  located outside the System's retail service  territory,  both
domestically  and internationally.  See "Domestic and  Foreign  Energy-
Related  Investments"  and  "CitiPower  Acquisition,"  below)   for   a
discussion of these subsidiaries.

      AP&L,  LP&L,  MP&L,  and  NOPSI  own  35%,  33%,  19%,  and  13%,
respectively,  of  all the common stock of System Fuels,  a  non-profit
subsidiary  incorporated in Louisiana that implements and/or  maintains
certain  programs to procure, deliver, and store fuel supplies for  the
Operating Companies.

      GSU  has  four  wholly owned subsidiaries:  Varibus  Corporation,
GSG&T,  Inc., Southern Gulf Railway Company, and Prudential Oil &  Gas,
Inc.    Varibus  Corporation  operates  intrastate  gas  pipelines   in
Louisiana, which are used primarily to transport fuel to two  of  GSU's
generating stations.  GSG&T, Inc. owns the Lewis Creek Station, a  gas-
fired  generating  plant,  which is leased  to  and  operated  by  GSU.
Southern  Gulf Railway Company owns and will operate several  miles  of
rail   track  being  constructed  in  Louisiana  for  the  purpose   of
transporting  coal  for  use  as  a  boiler  fuel  at  Nelson  Unit  6.
Prudential  Oil  &  Gas, Inc., which was formerly in  the  business  of
exploring,  developing, and operating oil and gas properties  in  Texas
and Louisiana, is presently inactive.

Entergy Corporation-GSU Merger

      On  December  31, 1993, GSU became a wholly owned  subsidiary  of
Entergy  Corporation.  As consideration to GSU's shareholders,  Entergy
Corporation paid $250 million in cash and issued 56,695,724  shares  of
its  common  stock, based upon a valuation of $35.8417  per  share,  in
exchange for outstanding shares of GSU common stock.

      Unless  otherwise  noted,  consolidated  financial  position  and
statistical  information contained in this report for the  years  ended
December  31,  1995, 1994, and 1993 (such as assets,  liabilities,  and
property)  includes the associated GSU amounts.  Consolidated financial
results  and  statistical  information (such as  revenues,  sales,  and
expenses) for the years ended December 31, 1995 and 1994 includes  such
GSU  amounts,  while  periods ending before January  1,  1994,  do  not
include GSU amounts; those amounts are presented separately for GSU  in
this report.

Certain Industry and System Challenges

      The  System's  business  is affected by  various  challenges  and
issues, many of which confront the electric utility industry generally.
These issues and challenges include:

        -      responding  to  an increasingly competitive  environment
        (see   "MANAGEMENT'S  FINANCIAL  DISCUSSION  AND   ANALYSIS   -
        SIGNIFICANT FACTORS AND KNOWN TRENDS");

        -      addressing  current and proposed structural  changes  in
        the electric utility industry and changes in the regulation  of
        generation  and transmission of electricity (see  "MANAGEMENT'S
        FINANCIAL  DISCUSSION  AND ANALYSIS - SIGNIFICANT  FACTORS  AND
        KNOWN TRENDS");

        -     achieving cost savings anticipated with the Merger;

        -      complying with regulatory requirements with  respect  to
        nuclear   operations  (see  "RATE  MATTERS  AND  REGULATION   -
        Regulation - Regulation of the Nuclear Power Industry,"  below)
        and  environmental matters (see "RATE MATTERS AND REGULATION  -
        Regulation - Environmental Regulation," below);

        -      resolving GSU's major contingencies, including potential
        write-offs  and  refunds  related  to  River  Bend  (see  "RATE
        MATTERS  AND REGULATION - Rate Matters - Retail Rate Matters  -
        GSU,"  below), litigation with Cajun relating to its  ownership
        interest  in  River  Bend, and Cajun's  bankruptcy  proceedings
        (see   "RATE  MATTERS  AND  REGULATION  -  Regulation  -  Other
        Regulation  and  Litigation - Cajun - River  Bend  Litigation,"
        below); and

        -      implementing  a new accounting standard  that  describes
        the  circumstances  in  which  assets  are  determined  to   be
        impaired,  which may eventually be applied to "stranded  costs"
        (costs  not recoverable from those customers for whose  benefit
        the  costs  were incurred) resulting from increased competition
        (see   "MANAGEMENT'S  FINANCIAL  DISCUSSION  AND   ANALYSIS   -
        SIGNIFICANT FACTORS AND KNOWN TRENDS,");

        -      achieving  high  levels of operating efficiencies,  cost
        control,  and  returns on investments in Entergy  Corporation's
        growing   portfolio   of  non utility  and  overseas   business
        ventures    (see    "Domestic   and   Foreign    Energy-Related
        Investments" and "CitiPower Acquisition," below).

Domestic and Foreign Energy-Related Investments

      Entergy  Corporation seeks opportunities to  expand  its  energy-
related businesses that are not regulated by state and local regulatory
authorities  (nonregulated businesses).  These nonregulated  businesses
currently include power development and new technology related  to  the
utility  business.  Entergy Corporation's strategy is to  identify  and
pursue  nonregulated business opportunities that have the potential  to
earn  a  greater return than its regulated utility operations.  Entergy
Corporation  has  expanded  its investments  in  nonregulated  business
opportunities  overseas as well as in the United States.   Through  the
end  of  1995,  Entergy Corporation had participated  in  foreign  non-
regulated  electric ventures in Pakistan, Argentina, and Peru.   As  of
December  31, 1995, Entergy Corporation had invested $555.5 million  in
equity  capital  (reduced by accumulated losses  of  $169  million)  in
nonregulated   businesses.  See  the  discussion  below    of   Entergy
Corporation's acquisition of CitiPower on January 5, 1996.

       During   1995,  Entergy  Corporation's  nonregulated  businesses
activities included the following:

           (1)   Entergy  Power's  $246.7 million  debt  obligation  to
     Entergy  Corporation  was converted into  equity  in  April  1995.
     Entergy  Power sells capacity and energy from its 100%  and  31.5%
     interest  in Ritchie 2 and Independence 2, respectively.   Entergy
     Power  purchased an interest in these plants from  AP&L  in  1990.
     Entergy  Corporation originally financed Entergy Power principally
     with a loan to Entergy Power.  Entergy Power was formed to compete
     with  other utilities and independent power producers in the  bulk
     power market.
     
           (2)   In  April  1995,  Entergy Systems  and  Service,  Inc.
     (Entergy SASI) and Systems and Service International, Inc. (SASI),
     amended  their  existing  distribution agreement.   As  a  result,
     Entergy  SASI liquidated its equity interest in SASI.  Previously,
     Entergy  SASI, a subsidiary of Entergy Enterprises, held  a  9.95%
     equity  interest  in  SASI, a manufacturer of  efficient  lighting
     products.  Entergy SASI distributes such products purchased  under
     a  distribution agreement with SASI, in conjunction with providing
     various  energy management services to its customers. The  amended
     distribution agreement discussed above provided for a reduction in
     SASI's  profit margin on its sale of products to Entergy SASI  and
     transferred  the  rights  to certain of  SASI's  energy  efficient
     technologies  to Entergy SASI.  In exchange, among  other  things,
     Entergy  SASI  transferred to SASI all of its equity ownership  in
     SASI.
     
           (3)   In  June  1995, Entergy Corporation  contributed  $125
     million   in  equity  capital  to  Entergy  SASI  through  Entergy
     Enterprises, Inc., thus allowing Entergy SASI to retire  its  debt
     obligation  to  Entergy  Corporation.   Entergy  Corporation   had
     previously  provided loans to Entergy SASI to fund Entergy  SASI's
     business expansion.
     
           (4)  As of December 31, 1995, Entergy Enterprises wrote down
     its   equity   interest  in  First  Pacific  Networks   (FPN),   a
     communications company, by $9.3 million to reflect what management
     believes  is  a  permanent  decline  in  market  value.    Entergy
     Enterprises holds a 7.9% equity interest in FPN.  The  total  cost
     of Entergy Enterprises' investment in FPN as of December 31, 1995,
     was approximately $1.2 million.
     
            (5)   In  June  1995,  Entergy  Corporation  received   SEC
     authorization  to invest up to $350 million through  December  31,
     1997, in Entergy Enterprises.  Such investments may take the  form
     of purchases of common stock, capital contributions, loans, and/or
     guarantees  of  indebtedness  or  other  obligations  of   Entergy
     Enterprises  or certain of its affiliated companies.   In  January
     1995 Entergy Corporation guaranteed $65 million of EP Edegel, Inc., 
     a subsidiary of Entergy Corporation, obligations.
     
           (6)   In  1995,  Entergy  Corporation  has  requested 
     approval  from  the  SEC  to  form  a  new  nonregulated
     subsidiary  named Entergy Technologies Company (ETC).   ETC  would
     offer    bulk    interstate    telecommunications    service    to
     telecommunications  carriers  which  in  turn  would  market  that
     service to third parties.  The recently enacted Telecommunications
     Reform  Act  of  1996 permits Entergy to market  such  a  service,
     pending  state  and local regulatory approval.   See  MANAGEMENT'S
     FINANCIAL DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS - SIGNIFICANT FACTORS AND  KNOWN
     TRENDS  for a discussion of the Telecommunications Act of 1996 and
     its impact on Entergy.
     
           (7)  During the third quarter of 1995, Entergy Corporation's
     subsidiary, Entergy S.A., purchased 3.9% of the outstanding  stock
     of  the  Central  Buenos  Aires Project  (CBA  Project)  for  $1.7
     million.   Entergy S.A., owns a 10% interest in a consortium  with
     other  nonaffiliated companies that acquired  a  60%  interest  in
     Central  Costanera, S.A. (Costanera), a steam electric  generating
     facility located in Argentina.  Through Entergy S.A.'s interest in
     Costanera, Entergy S.A. indirectly purchased an additional  3%  of
     the  outstanding  stock  of  the CBA Project.   In  October  1995,
     Entergy  Power  Holding  Limited, a  wholly  owned  subsidiary  of
     Entergy Corporation, purchased Entergy S.A.'s interest in the  CBA
     Project and purchased an additional 3.9% of the outstanding  stock
     of the CBA Project for $1.9 million.  The CBA Project includes the
     addition  of a 220 MW combustion turbine and heat recovery  boiler
     to  a  generating unit at the Costanera steam electric  generating
     facility.  This addition will provide electricity to the Argentina
     transmission grid and steam to the Costanera generating unit.  The
     open  cycle  portion of the CBA Project, providing electricity  to
     the  Argentina  grid,  was placed into operation  at  the  end  of
     October  1995.   The  steam recovery portion, which  will  provide
     steam  to  the  Costanera generating unit, is expected  to  be  in
     operation in October 1996.
     
           (8)  On November 30, 1995, Entergy Corporation's subsidiary,
     Entergy   Power  Development  Corporation,  purchased  through   a
     consortium  20.8% of Edegel, S.A. for $100 million in  equity  and
     $65  million  of  debt guaranteed by Entergy Corporation.   Edegel
     S.A.  is  a  privatization project in Lima, Peru consisting  of  5
     hydroelectric  generation  stations  (totaling  539  MW)  and  one
     thermal  station  (154  MW) supporting 345 miles  of  transmission
     lines.   An additional 100 MW of thermal load capacity is required
     to be installed within one year.  The additional plant is expected
     to be financed by Edegel S.A.
     
          (9)   In  early  October 1995, FERC issued an order  granting
     exempt  wholesale  generator  status to  Entergy  Power  Marketing
     Corporation   (EPM),   a   wholly owned  subsidiary   of   Entergy
     Corporation.  EPM was created during 1995 to become  a  buyer  and
     seller  of  electrical  energy  and  its  generating  fuels.    In
     February   1996,  FERC  approved  market-based   rate   sales   of
     electricity  by  EPM.   Such approval  will  allow  EPM  to  begin
     providing   wholesale  customers  with  a  variety   of   products
     including  physical and financial trading.  Pending approval  from
     the  SEC, EPM expects to begin financial trading by the summer  of
     1996.
     
     Entergy Corporation's net investment in nonregulated subsidiaries,
reduced by accumulated losses, as of December 31, 1995 and 1994, is  as
follows:

                                       Net Investment
     Nonregulated Subsidiary          1995*     1994
     -----------------------        --------- --------
                                       (In Millions)
                                                    
Entergy Power Development            $ 180.6     $  80.8
Corporation
Entergy Power, Inc.                    173.1       154.4
Entergy Enterprises, Inc.              112.0        22.2
Entergy Argentina S.A., Ltd.            42.0        41.1
Entergy Transener                       19.0        22.7
Entergy Argentina                       17.4        17.1
Entergy S.A.                            11.4        13.3
                                    --------    --------
     Total                           $ 555.5      $351.6
                                    ========     =======

* Excludes   Entergy  Corporation's  equity  investment  in   CitiPower
  completed on January 5, 1996.  See "CitiPower Acquisition" below.

      In  1995, Entergy Corporation's nonregulated investments  reduced
consolidated net income by approximately $64.8 million.   In  the  near
term,  these  investments are unlikely to have  a  positive  effect  on
Entergy  Corporation's  earnings, but management  believes  that  these
investments  will  contribute to future earnings  growth.   Certain  of
these  investments  may involve a higher degree of risk  than  domestic
regulated utility enterprises.

      International  operations are subject to the  risks  inherent  in
conducting  business  abroad,  including  possible  nationalization  or
expropriation,  price  and currency exchange controls,  limitations  on
foreign  participation in local energy-related enterprises,  and  other
restrictions.  Changes in the relative value of currencies  occur  from
time  to  time  and  their effects may be favorable or  unfavorable  on
results  of  operations.   In  addition,  there  are  exchange  control
restrictions in certain countries relating to repatriation of earnings.

CitiPower Acquisition

      On January 5, 1996, Entergy Corporation finalized its acquisition
of  CitiPower,  an  electric  distribution company  serving  Melbourne,
Australia,  and surrounding suburbs.  The purchase price  of  CitiPower
was  approximately $1.2 billion, of which $294 million  represented  an
equity investment by Entergy Corporation, and the remainder represented
debt.  Entergy Corporation funded the majority of the equity portion of
the  investment  by  using $230 million of its  $300  million  line  of
credit.  CitiPower serves approximately 234,500 customers, the majority
of  which  are  commercial customers.  At the time of the  acquisition,
CitiPower had 846 employees.

Selected Data

      Selected domestic customer and sales data for 1995 are summarized
in the following tables:
Customers as of December 31, 1995 ------------------- Area Served Electric Gas -------------- --------- ------- AP&L Portions of Arkansas and 607,916 - Tennessee GSU Portions of Texas and Louisiana 623,147 89,848 LP&L Portions of Louisiana 612,124 - MP&L Portions of Mississippi 366,298 - NOPSI City of New Orleans, except Algiers, which is provided electric service 190,332 153,370 by LP&L ----------- ---------- System 2,399,817 243,218 =========== ==========
1995 - Selected Electric Energy Sales Data
System Entergy AP&L GSU LP&L MP&L NOPSI Energy System ------ ------ ------ ------ ----- ------- ------- (Millions of KWh) Electric Department: Sales to retail 16,692 29,622 30,051 10,981 5,648 - 92,994 customers Sales for resale: - Affiliates 8,386 2,935 44 959 149 7,212 - - Others 5,066 2,212 1,293 692 297 - 10,471 -------- -------- ------- ------- ------ ------- -------- Total 30,144 34,769 31,388 12,632 6,094 7,212 103,465 Steam Department: - Sales to steam products - 1,742 - - - - 1,742 customer -------- -------- ------- ------- ------ ------- -------- TOTAL 30,144 36,511 31,388 12,632 6,094 7,212 105,207 ======== ======== ======= ======= ====== ======= ======== Average use per residential customer (KWh) 11,324 14,475 14,623 13,400 11,941 - 13,353 ======== ======== ======= ======= ====== ======= ========
NOPSI sold 16,782,805 MCF of natural gas to retail customers in 1995. Revenues from natural gas operations for each of the three years in the period ended December 31, 1995, were material for NOPSI, but not material for the System (see "INDUSTRY SEGMENTS" below for a description of NOPSI's business segments). GSU sold 6,476,496 MCF of natural gas to retail customers in 1995. Revenues from natural gas operations for each of the three years in the period ended December 31, 1995, were not material for GSU. See "ENTERGY CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES SELECTED FINANCIAL DATA - - - - - FIVE-YEAR COMPARISON," and "SELECTED FINANCIAL DATA - FIVE-YEAR COMPARISON OF AP&L, GSU, LP&L, MP&L, NOPSI, and SYSTEM ENERGY," (which follow each company's financial statements in this report) for further information with respect to operating statistics. Employees As of December 31, 1995, Entergy had 13,521 employees as follows: Full-time: Entergy Corporation - AP&L 1,647 GSU 1,833 LP&L 1,082 MP&L 892 NOPSI 489 System Energy - Entergy Operations 4,102 Entergy Services 2,529 Other Subsidiaries 869 ------ Total Full-time 13,443 Part-time 78 ------ Total Entergy System 13,521 ====== Competition Refer to "MANAGEMENT'S FINANCIAL DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS - SIGNIFICANT FACTORS AND KNOWN TRENDS" for a detailed discussion of competitive challenges Entergy faces in the utility industry. CAPITAL REQUIREMENTS AND FUTURE FINANCING Construction expenditures by company (including environmental expenditures, which are immaterial, and AFUDC, but excluding nuclear fuel) for the period 1996-1998 are estimated as follows:
1996 1997 1998 Total (In Millions) AP&L $152 $144 $136 $432 GSU 155 127 131 413 LP&L 125 111 114 350 MP&L 69 68 68 205 NOPSI 22 28 26 76 System Energy 23 20 20 63 ESI 24 12 12 48 Other 1 - - 1 ------ ----- ----- ------- System $571 $510 $507 $1,588 ====== ===== ===== =======
No significant construction costs are expected in connection with the System's generating facilities. Actual construction costs may vary from these estimates because of a number of factors, including changes in load growth estimates, changes in environmental regulations, modifications to nuclear units to meet regulatory requirements, increasing costs of labor, equipment and materials, and cost of capital. In addition to construction expenditure requirements, the System must meet scheduled long-term debt and preferred stock maturities and cash sinking fund requirements. See Notes 4, 5, and 6 to the financial statements for further capital requirements and financing information. Entergy Corporation's primary capital requirements are to invest periodically in, or make loans to, its subsidiaries and to invest in new energy-related enterprises. See "MANAGEMENT'S FINANCIAL DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS - LIQUIDITY AND CAPITAL RESOURCES," for additional discussion of Entergy Corporation's current and future planned investments in its subsidiaries and financial sources for such investments. One source of funds for Entergy is dividend distributions from its subsidiaries. Certain events could limit the amount of these distributions. Such events include River Bend rate appeals and pending litigation with Cajun. Substantial write-offs or charges resulting from adverse rulings in these matters could adversely affect GSU's ability to continue to pay dividends. See Notes 2 and 8 to the financial statements regarding River Bend rate appeals and pending litigation with Cajun. Certain System Financial and Support Agreements Unit Power Sales Agreement (AP&L, LP&L, MP&L, NOPSI, and System Energy) The Unit Power Sales Agreement allocates capacity and energy from System Energy's 90% ownership and leasehold interests in Grand Gulf 1 (and the related costs) to AP&L (36%), LP&L (14%), MP&L (33%), and NOPSI (17%). AP&L, LP&L, MP&L, and NOPSI make payments to System Energy for their respective entitlements of capacity and energy on a full cost-of-service basis regardless of the quantity of energy delivered, so long as Grand Gulf 1 remains in commercial operation. Payments under the Unit Power Sales Agreement are System Energy's only source of operating revenues. The financial condition of System Energy depends upon the continued commercial operation of Grand Gulf 1 and the receipt of payments from AP&L, LP&L, MP&L, and NOPSI. Payments made by AP&L, LP&L, MP&L, and NOPSI under the Unit Power Sales Agreement are generally recovered through rates. In the case of AP&L and LP&L, payments are also recovered through sales of electricity from their respective retained shares of Grand Gulf 1. See Note 1 to the financial statements for further information regarding retained shares. Availability Agreement (AP&L, LP&L, MP&L, NOPSI, and System Energy) The Availability Agreement among System Energy and AP&L, LP&L, MP&L, and NOPSI was entered into in 1974 in connection with the financing by System Energy of Grand Gulf. The agreement provided that System Energy would join in the agreement among AP&L, LP&L, MP&L, and NOPSI for the sharing of generating capacity and other capacity and energy resources on or before the date on which Grand Gulf 1 was placed in commercial operation. It also provided that System Energy would make available to AP&L, LP&L, MP&L, and NOPSI all capacity and energy available from System Energy's share of Grand Gulf. AP&L, LP&L, MP&L, and NOPSI also agreed severally to pay System Energy monthly for the right to receive capacity and energy available from Grand Gulf in amounts that (when added to any amounts received by System Energy under the Unit Power Sales Agreement, or otherwise) would at least equal System Energy's total operating expenses for Grand Gulf (including depreciation at a specified rate) and interest charges. As amended to date, the Availability Agreement provides that: - the obligations of AP&L, LP&L, MP&L, and NOPSI for payments for Grand Gulf 1 become effective upon commercial operation of Grand Gulf 1 on July 1, 1985; - the sale of capacity and energy generated by Grand Gulf may be governed by a separate power purchase agreement among System Energy and AP&L, LP&L, MP&L, and NOPSI; - the September 1989 write-off of System Energy's investment in Grand Gulf 2, amounting to approximately $900 million, will be amortized for Availability Agreement purposes over 27 years rather than in the month the write-off was recognized on System Energy's books; and - the allocation percentages under the Availability Agreement are fixed as follows: AP&L - 17.1%; LP&L - 26.9%; MP&L - 31.3%; and NOPSI - 24.7%. As noted above, the Unit Power Sales Agreement provides for different allocation percentages for sales of capacity and energy from Grand Gulf 1. However, the allocation percentages under the Availability Agreement remain in effect and would govern payments made under such agreement in the event of a shortfall of funds available to System Energy from other sources, including payments by AP&L, LP&L, MP&L, and NOPSI to System Energy under the Unit Power Sales Agreement. System Energy has assigned its rights to payments and advances from AP&L, LP&L, MP&L, and NOPSI under the Availability Agreement as security for its first mortgage bonds and reimbursement obligations to certain banks providing the letters of credit in connection with the equity funding of the sale and leaseback transactions described in Note 9 to the financial statements under "Sale and Leaseback Transactions - Grand Gulf 1 Lease Obligations (System Energy)." In these assignments, AP&L, LP&L, MP&L, and NOPSI further agreed that, in the event they were prohibited by governmental action from making payments under the Availability Agreement (if, for example, FERC reduced or disallowed such payments as constituting excessive rates), they would then make subordinated advances to System Energy in the same amounts and at the same times as the prohibited payments. System Energy would not be allowed to repay these subordinated advances so long as it remained in default under the related indebtedness or in other similar circumstances. Each of the assignment agreements relating to the Availability Agreement provides that AP&L, LP&L, MP&L, and NOPSI shall make payments directly to System Energy. However, if there is an event of default, AP&L, LP&L, MP&L, and NOPSI must make those payments directly to the holders of indebtedness that are the beneficiaries of such assignment agreements. The payments must be made pro rata according to the amount of the respective obligations secured. The obligations of AP&L, LP&L, MP&L, and NOPSI to make payments under the Availability Agreement are subject to the receipt and continued effectiveness of all necessary regulatory approvals. Sales of capacity and energy under the Availability Agreement would require that the Availability Agreement be submitted to FERC for approval with respect to the terms of such sale. No such filing with FERC has been made because sales of capacity and energy from Grand Gulf are being made pursuant to the Unit Power Sales Agreement. Other aspects of the Availability Agreement, including the obligations of AP&L, LP&L, MP&L, and NOPSI to make subordinated advances, are subject to the jurisdiction of the SEC under PUHCA, whose approval has been obtained. If, for any reason, sales of capacity and energy are made in the future pursuant to the Availability Agreement, the jurisdictional portions of the Availability Agreement would be submitted to FERC for approval. Since commercial operation of Grand Gulf 1 began, payments under the Unit Power Sales Agreement to System Energy have exceeded the amounts payable under the Availability Agreement. Accordingly, no payments under the Availability Agreement by AP&L, LP&L, MP&L, and NOPSI have ever been required. In the event such payments were required, the ability of AP&L, LP&L, MP&L, and NOPSI to recover from their customers amounts paid under the Availability Agreement, or under the assignments thereof, would depend upon the outcome of rate proceedings before state and local regulatory authorities. In view of the controversies that arose over the allocation of capacity and energy from Grand Gulf 1 pursuant to the Unit Power Sales Agreement, opposition to full recovery would be likely and the outcome of such proceedings, should they occur, is not predictable. Capital Funds Agreement (Entergy Corporation and System Energy) System Energy and Entergy Corporation have entered into the Capital Funds Agreement whereby Entergy Corporation has agreed to supply System Energy with sufficient capital to (1) maintain System Energy's equity capital at an amount equal to a minimum of 35% of its total capitalization (excluding short-term debt) and (2) permit the continued commercial operation of Grand Gulf 1 and pay in full all indebtedness for borrowed money of System Energy when due under any circumstances. Entergy Corporation has entered into various supplements to the Capital Funds Agreement, and System Energy has assigned its rights under such supplements as security for its first mortgage bonds and for reimbursement obligations to certain banks providing letters of credit in connection with the equity funding of the sale and leaseback transactions described in Note 9 to the financial statements under "Sale and Leaseback Transactions - Grand Gulf 1 Lease Obligations (System Energy)." Each such supplement provides that permitted indebtedness for borrowed money incurred by System Energy in connection with the financing of Grand Gulf may be secured by System Energy's rights under the Capital Funds Agreement on a pro rata basis (except for the Specific Payments, as defined below). In addition, in the supplements to the Capital Funds Agreement relating to the specific indebtedness being secured, Entergy Corporation has agreed to make cash capital contributions directly to System Energy sufficient to enable System Energy to make payments when due on such indebtedness (Specific Payments). However, if there is an event of default, Entergy Corporation must make those payments directly to the holders of indebtedness benefiting from the supplemental agreements. The payments (other than the Specific Payments) must be made pro rata according to the amount of the respective obligations benefiting from the supplemental agreements. RATE MATTERS AND REGULATION Rate Matters The Operating Companies' retail rates are regulated by state and/or local regulatory authorities, as described below. FERC regulates their wholesale rates (including intrasystem sales pursuant to the System Agreement) and interstate transmission of electricity, as well as rates for System Energy's sales of capacity and energy from Grand Gulf 1 to AP&L, LP&L, MP&L, and NOPSI pursuant to the Unit Power Sales Agreement. Wholesale Rate Matters System Energy As described above under "Certain System Financial and Support Agreements," System Energy recovers costs related to its interest in Grand Gulf 1 through rates charged to AP&L, LP&L, MP&L, and NOPSI for capacity and energy under the Unit Power Sales Agreement. On December 12, 1995, System Energy implemented a $65.5 million rate increase, subject to refund. Refer to Note 2 for a discussion of the rate increase filed by System Energy with FERC. Entergy Power In 1990, authorizations were obtained from the SEC, FERC, the APSC, and the Public Service Commission of Missouri for Entergy Power to purchase AP&L's interest in Independence 2 and Ritchie 2, and to begin marketing the capacity and energy from the units in certain wholesale markets. The SEC order was appealed to the D.C. Circuit by various intervenors. The D.C. Circuit reversed a portion of the SEC order and remanded the case to the SEC for consideration of the effect of the transfers on the System's future costs of replacement generating capacity and fuel. On September 9, 1993, the City of New Orleans and the LPSC each requested a hearing. However, on January 5, 1994, the City of New Orleans withdrew from the proceeding, pursuant to its settlement with NOPSI of various issues related to the Merger. In November 1995, the SEC issued an order in which the SEC reaffirmed its prior order authorizing the acquisition and formation of Entergy Power and denying the LPSC's request for a hearing. The November 1995 order was not appealed, and the statutory period for such an appeal has expired. In a related matter, on August 20, l990, the City of New Orleans filed a complaint against Entergy Corporation, AP&L, LP&L, MP&L, NOPSI, and System Energy, requesting that FERC investigate AP&L's transfer of its interest in Independence 2 and Ritchie 2 to Entergy Power and the effect of the transfer on AP&L, LP&L, MP&L, NOPSI, and their ratepayers. On October 20, 1995, the D.C. Circuit affirmed FERC's original orders that the transfer and its effect on current rates was prudent. However, a determination of the prudency of the transfer on future replacement costs was deferred until a time when the need for such replacement capacity occurs. System Agreement (Energy Corporation, AP&L, GSU, LP&L, MP&L, NOPSI, and System Energy) AP&L, GSU, LP&L, MP&L, and NOPSI engage in the coordinated planning, construction, and operation of generation and transmission facilities pursuant to the terms of the System Agreement as described under "PROPERTY - Generating Stations," below. In connection with the Merger, FERC approved certain rate schedule changes to integrate GSU into the System Agreement. Certain commitments were also adopted to assure that the ratepayers of AP&L, LP&L, MP&L, and NOPSI will not be allocated higher costs. Such commitments included: (1) a tracking mechanism to protect these companies from certain unexpected increases in fuel costs; (2) the exclusion of GSU from the distribution of profits from power sales contracts entered into prior to the Merger; (3) a methodology to estimate the cost of capital in future FERC proceedings; and (4) a stipulation that these companies be insulated from certain direct effects on capacity equalization payments if GSU should acquire Cajun's 30% share in River Bend. See "Regulation - Other Regulation and Litigation," for information on appeals of FERC Merger orders and related pending rate schedule changes. In the December 15, 1993, order approving the Merger, FERC also initiated a new proceeding to consider whether the System Agreement permits certain out-of-service generating units to be included in reserve equalization calculations under Service Schedule MSS-1 of that agreement. In connection with this proceeding, the LPSC and the MPSC submitted testimony seeking retroactive refunds for LP&L and MP&L (estimated at $22.6 million and $13.2 million, respectively). The FERC staff subsequently submitted testimony concluding that Entergy's treatment was reasonable. However, because it concluded that Entergy's treatment violated the tariff, FERC staff maintained that refunds of approximately $7.2 million should be ordered. Entergy submitted testimony on September 23, 1994, describing the potential impacts (not including interest) on Service Schedule MSS-1 calculations if extended reserve shutdown units were not included in the MSS-1 calculations during the period 1987 through 1993. Under such a theory, LP&L and MP&L would have been overbilled by $10.6 and $8.8 million respectively, and AP&L and NOPSI would have been underbilled by $6.3 and $13.1 million respectively. The amounts potentially subject to refund will continue to accrue while the case is pending. On March 3, 1995, a FERC ALJ issued an opinion holding that the practice of including the out-of-service units in the reserve equalization calculations during the period 1987 through 1993 was not permitted by Service Schedule MSS-1 and, therefore, constituted a violation of the System Agreement. However, the ALJ found that the violation was in good faith and had benefited the customers of the System as a whole. Accordingly, the ALJ recommended that no retroactive refunds should be ordered. The ALJ also held that the System Agreement should be amended to allow out-of-service units to be included in reserve equalization as proposed in an offer of settlement filed by Entergy on February 16, 1994. The ALJ's opinion is subject to review by FERC. If FERC concurs with the finding that the System Agreement was violated, it would have the discretion to order that refunds be made. If that were to occur, certain Operating Companies may be required to refund some or all of the amount by which they were underbilled pursuant to the System Agreement. The Operating Companies cannot determine at this time whether they would be authorized to recover through retail rates any amounts associated with refunds that might be ordered by FERC in this proceeding. The matter remains pending before FERC. On March 14, 1995, the LPSC filed a complaint with FERC alleging that the System Agreement results in unjust and unreasonable rates and requested that FERC order a hearing on this matter. The LPSC contends that the failure of the System Agreement to exclude curtailable load from the determination of an Operating Company's responsibility for reserve equalization and transmission equalization costs results in an unjust and unreasonable cost allocation to the Operating Companies that does not cause these costs to be incurred, and also results in cross- subsidization among the Operating Companies. Further, the LPSC alleges that the mechanism by which the Operating Companies purchase energy under the System Agreement results in unjust and unreasonable rates because it does not permit Operating Companies that engage in real time pricing to be charged the marginal cost of the energy generated for the real time pricing customer. In May 1995, the LPSC amended its original complaint and Entergy subsequently filed an answer to the LPSC's amended complaint. The LPSC's amended complaint asserts that the System Agreement should be revised to exclude curtailable load from the cost allocation determination due to conflicts with federal policies under PURPA and with Entergy's system planning philosophy. Entergy's response asserts that both the provisions under PURPA and the Entergy system planning philosophy referred to in the LPSC's amended complaint are applicable only to retail sales. In June 1995, the APSC filed a complaint with FERC alleging that, because of changed circumstances, FERC's allocation of nuclear decommissioning costs in the System is no longer just and reasonable. The APSC proposes that the System Agreement be amended to provide a new schedule that would equalize nuclear decommissioning costs according to load responsibility among the pre-merger operating companies. Open Access Transmission (Entergy Corporation, AP&L, GSU, LP&L, MP&L, and NOPSI) On August 2, 1991, Entergy Services, as agent for AP&L, LP&L, MP&L, NOPSI, and Entergy Power, submitted to FERC (1) proposed tariffs that, subject to certain conditions, would provide to electric utilities "open access" to the System's integrated transmission system, and (2) rate schedules providing for sales of wholesale power at market- based rates. FERC approved the filing in August 1992, and various parties filed appeals with the D.C. Circuit. The case was remanded to FERC in July 1994 for further proceedings. On October 31, 1994, Entergy Services as agent for AP&L, GSU, LP&L, MP&L, and NOPSI filed revised transmission tariffs. On January 6, 1995, FERC issued an order accepting the tariffs for filing and made them effective, subject to refund. These tariffs provide both point-to-point and network transmission service, and are intended to provide "comparability of service" over the Entergy transmission network. In that order FERC also ordered that Entergy Power's market pricing authority be investigated, thereby making Entergy Power's market price rate schedules subject to refund. An order in the market price rate investigation is expected to be issued by January 1997. Entergy expects that no refunds relating to market price rates will be required. On March 29, 1995, FERC issued a supplemental notice of proposed rulemaking (Mega-NOPR) which would require public utilities to provide non-discriminatory open access transmission service to wholesale customers, and which would also provide guidance on the recovery of wholesale and retail stranded costs. Under the proposal, public utilities would be required to file transmission tariffs for both point- to-point and network service. Model transmission tariffs were included in the proposal. With regard to pending proceedings, including Entergy's tariff proceeding, FERC directed the parties to proceed with their cases while taking into account FERC's views expressed in the proposed rule. Hearings relating to Entergy Services' open access tariffs concluded on February 22, 1996. In September 1995 and January 1996, Entergy Services filed offers of partial settlement accepting certain provisions of the transmission tariffs contained in the Mega-NOPR and resolving certain rate issues. The remaining rate and tariff issues will be resolved as part of the FERC's rulemaking in the Mega-NOPR, or after scheduled hearings. In August 1995, EPM filed an application for permission to make market- based sales, but subsequently asked that action not be taken on that request until the open access transmission service proceeding discussed above is resolved. On December 13, 1995, Entergy Services filed revised transmission tariffs in a separate proceeding proposing terms and conditions for open access transmission service that are substantially identical to the terms and conditions contained in the Mega-NOPR transmission tariffs with rates to be the same as those determined in the pending proceeding. On February 14, 1996, FERC accepted for filing the revised transmission tariffs making rates subject to the outcome of the pending proceeding and conditionally accepted EPM's application for market based sales. Wholesale Contract (AP&L) In March 1994, North Little Rock, Arkansas awarded to AP&L a wholesale power contract that will provide estimated revenues of $347 million over 11 years. Under the contract, the price per KWh was reduced 18% with increases in price through the year 2004. AP&L, which has been serving North Little Rock for over 40 years, was awarded the contract after intense bidding with several competitors. On May 22, 1994, FERC accepted the contract. Rehearings were requested by one of AP&L's competitors. In September 1995, FERC denied the petition for rehearing. Retail Rate Matters General (AP&L, GSU, LP&L, MP&L, and NOPSI) Certain costs related to Grand Gulf 1, Waterford 3, and River Bend were phased into retail rates over a period of years in order to avoid the "rate shock" associated with increasing rates to reflect all such costs at once. The deferral period in which costs are incurred but not currently recovered has expired for all of these programs, and AP&L, GSU, LP&L, MP&L, and NOPSI are now recovering those costs that were previously deferred. GSU is involved in several rate proceedings involving, among other things, recovery of costs associated with River Bend. Some rate relief has been received, but GSU has been unable to obtain recognition in rates for a substantial portion of its River Bend investment. Recovery of certain costs was disallowed while other costs were deferred for future recovery, held in abeyance pending further regulatory action, or treated as investments in deregulated assets. Rate proceedings and appeals relating to these issues are ongoing as discussed in "GSU" below. As a means of minimizing the need for retail rate increases, the System is committed to containing costs to the greatest degree practicable. In accordance with this retail rate policy, the Operating Companies have agreed to retail rate caps and/or rate freezes for specified periods of time. The retail regulatory philosophy is shifting in some jurisdictions from traditional cost of service regulation to incentive rate regulation. System management believes incentive and performance-based rate plans encourage efficiencies and productivity while permitting utilities and their customers to share in the resulting benefits. MP&L implemented an incentive-rate plan in March 1994, and, in June 1995, LP&L implemented a performance-based formula rate plan. Recognizing that many industrial customers have energy alternatives, Entergy continues to work with these customers to address their needs. In certain cases, competitive prices are negotiated using variable-rate designs. Least Cost Integrated Resource Planning (AP&L, GSU, LP&L, MP&L, and NOPSI) The System continues to utilize integrated resource planning (IRP), also known as least cost planning, in order to compete more effectively in both retail and wholesale markets. IRP is the development of integrated supply and demand side strategies to meet future electricity demands reliably, at the lowest possible cost, and in a more competitive manner. In 1992, AP&L, LP&L, MP&L, and NOPSI each filed a Least Cost Integrated Resource Plan (LCIRP) with its respective regulator. However, in 1994 the System substantially revised its approach to IRP, and AP&L, LP&L, MP&L, and NOPSI requested that their retail regulators allow for significant changes in the IRP process. At MP&L's request, the MPSC dismissed MP&L's LCIRP filing. Due to the increasingly competitive nature of the electric service market, the System believes that changes in the IRP process are required. Entergy has adopted a streamlined process that focuses on minimizing the cost of incremental resources and maximizing the System's flexibility to adapt its resource plans to the changing environment in which electric utilities now operate. On October 10, 1995, despite Entergy's request, the APSC issued an order requiring that Arkansas utilities file current integrated resource plans at least every three years. In this order, the APSC emphasized that planning processes must continue to evolve and publicly available information on utility resource plans must be maintained. The LPSC has established generic hearings to address IRP issues for all electric utilities within its jurisdiction. These proceedings are currently ongoing. The Council has suspended the requirement to file an LCIRP with the Council and has received testimony and held public hearings regarding the revision of its IRP Ordinance. LP&L and NOPSI are awaiting an order from the Council that would resolve the matter of IRP. Currently, the PUCT does not have formal IRP rules in place. Legislation passed in 1995 requires that the PUCT have IRP rules in place by September of 1996. This rulemaking process has been initiated by the PUCT, and GSU is actively participating in this process. In the fourth quarter of 1995, the System provided to its retail regulators (the APSC, the Council, the LPSC, the MPSC, and the PUCT) a new IRP for informational purposes only. The new IRP provides for a flexible resource strategy to meet the System's additional resource requirements over the next ten years. The IRP provides for the utilization of capacity currently in extended reserve shutdown to meet additional load growth, but also provides the flexibility to rely on short-term power purchases, upgrades to existing nuclear capacity, or cogeneration when these resources are more economical. AP&L Rate Freeze In connection with the settlement of various issues related to the Merger, AP&L agreed that it will not request any general retail rate increase that would take effect before November 3, 1998, except for certain instances. See Note 2 for a discussion of the rate freeze as well as other aspects of the settlement agreement between AP&L and the APSC. Recovery of Grand Gulf 1 Costs Under the settlement agreement entered into with the APSC in 1985 and amended in 1988, AP&L agreed to retain a portion of its Grand Gulf l-related costs, recover a portion of such costs currently, and defer a portion of such costs for future recovery. In 1995 and subsequent years, AP&L retains 22% of its 36% interest in Grand Gulf 1 costs and recovers the remaining 78%. Deferrals ceased in l990, and AP&L is recovering a portion of the previously deferred costs each year through l998. As of December 31, l995, the balance of deferred costs was $360 million. AP&L is permitted to recover on a current basis the incremental costs of financing the unrecovered deferrals. AP&L has the right to sell capacity and energy from its retained share of Grand Gulf 1 to third parties and to sell such energy to its retail customers at a price equal to AP&L's avoided energy cost. Proceeds of sales to third parties of AP&L's retained share of Grand Gulf l capacity and energy accrue to the benefit of AP&L's stockholder. Fuel Adjustment Clause AP&L's retail rate schedules include a fuel adjustment clause to recover the excess cost of fuel and purchased power incurred in the second prior month. The fuel adjustment clause also contains a nuclear reserve fund designed to cover the cost of replacement energy during scheduled maintenance and refueling outages at ANO, and an incentive provision that permits over- or under-recovery of the excess cost of replacement energy when ANO is operating or down for reasons other than refueling. GSU Rate Cap and Other Merger-Related Rate Agreements In 1993, the LPSC and the PUCT approved separate regulatory proposals, which included the implementation of a five-year Rate Cap on GSU's retail electric base rates in the respective states and provisions for passing fuel and nonfuel savings created by the Merger on to the customers. See Note 2 for a discussion of the Rate Cap as well as other aspects of the settlement agreement between GSU and the LPSC and the PUCT. Recovery of River Bend Costs GSU deferred approximately $369 million of River Bend operating costs, purchased power costs, and accrued carrying charges pursuant to a 1986 PUCT accounting order. Approximately $182 million of these costs are being amortized over a 20-year period ending in the year 2009, and the remaining $187 million are not being amortized pending the ultimate outcome of the Rate Appeal as discussed in "Texas Jurisdiction - River Bend," below. As of December 31, 1995, the unamortized balance of these costs was $312 million. Further, GSU deferred approximately $400.4 million of similar costs pursuant to a 1986 LPSC accounting order. These costs, of which approximately $83 million are unamortized as of December 31, 1995, are being amortized over a 10-year period ending in 1998. In accordance with a phase-in plan approved by the LPSC, GSU deferred $294 million of its River Bend costs related to the period February 1988 through February 1991. GSU has amortized $172 million through December 31, 1995, and the remaining $122 million will be recovered over approximately 2.2 years. Texas Jurisdiction - River Bend In May 1988, the PUCT granted GSU a permanent increase in annual revenues of $59.9 million resulting from the inclusion in rate base of approximately $1.6 billion of company-wide River Bend plant investment and approximately $182 million of related Texas retail jurisdiction deferred River Bend costs (Allowed Deferrals). In addition, the PUCT disallowed as imprudent $63.5 million of company-wide River Bend plant costs and placed in abeyance, with no finding as to prudence, approximately $1.4 billion of company-wide River Bend plant investment and approximately $157 million of Texas retail jurisdiction deferred River Bend operating and carrying costs. As discussed in Note 2, various appeals of the PUCT's order have been filed. GSU has filed an appeal with the Texas Supreme Court. On February 9, 1996, the Texas Supreme Court agreed to hear the appeal. Oral arguments are scheduled for March 19, 1996. As of December 31, 1995, the River Bend plant costs disallowed for retail ratemaking purposes in Texas, the River Bend plant costs held in abeyance, and the related operating and carrying cost deferrals totaled (net of taxes) approximately $13 million, $276 million (both net of depreciation), and $169 million, respectively. Allowed Deferrals were approximately $83 million, net of taxes and amortization, as of December 31, 1995. GSU estimates it has recorded approximately $182 million of revenues as of December 31, 1995, as a result of the originally ordered rate treatment by the PUCT of these deferred costs. If recovery of the Allowed Deferrals is not upheld, future revenues based upon those allowed deferrals could be lost, and no assurance can be given as to whether or not refunds to customers of revenue received based upon such deferred costs will be required. As discussed in Note 2, as of December 31, 1995, GSU has made no write-offs or reserves for the River Bend-related costs. See below for a discussion of the write-off of deferred operating and carrying costs required under SFAS 121 in 1996. Based on advice from Clark, Thomas & Winters, A Professional Corporation, legal counsel of record in the Rate Appeal, management believes that it is reasonably possible that the case will be remanded to the PUCT, and that the PUCT will be allowed to rule on the prudence of the abeyed River Bend plant costs. Management and legal counsel are unable to predict the amount, if any, of abeyed and previously disallowed River Bend plant costs that ultimately may be disallowed by the PUCT. As of December 31, 1995, a net of tax write-off of up to $289 million could be required if the PUCT ultimately issues an adverse ruling on the abeyed and disallowed plant costs. The following factors support management's position that a loss contingency requiring accrual has not occurred, and that all, or substantially all, of the abeyed plant costs will ultimately be recovered: 1. The $1.4 billion of abeyed River Bend plant costs have never been ruled imprudent and disallowed by the PUCT; 2. Analysis by Sandlin Associates, management consultants with expertise in the cost of nuclear power plants, which supports the prudence of substantially all of the abeyed construction costs; 3. Historical inclusion by the PUCT of prudent construction costs in rate base; and 4. The analysis of GSU's legal staff, which has considerable experience in Texas rate case litigation. Additionally, based on advice from Clark, Thomas & Winters, A Professional Corporation, legal counsel of record in the Rate Appeal, management believes that it is reasonably possible that the Allowed Deferrals will continue to be recovered in rates, and that it is reasonably possible that the deferred costs related to the $1.4 billion of abeyed River Bend plant costs will be recovered in rates to the extent that the $1.4 billion of abeyed River Bend plant is recovered. The adoption of SFAS 121, "Accounting for the Impairment of Long- Lived Assets and for Long-Lived Assets to Be Disposed Of" (SFAS 121), became effective January 1, 1996. SFAS 121 changes the standard for continued recognition of regulatory assets, and as a result in 1996 GSU will be required to write-off $169 million of rate deferrals discussed above. The standard also describes circumstances that may result in assets being impaired and provides criteria for recognition and measurement of asset impairment. See Note 1 for further information regarding SFAS 121. NISCO Unrecovered Costs In 1986, the PUCT ordered that the purchased power costs from NISCO in excess of GSU's avoided costs be disallowed. The PUCT disallowance resulted in approximately $12 million to $15 million of unrecovered purchased power costs on an annual basis, which GSU continued to expense as the costs were incurred. In April 1991, the Texas Supreme Court, on the appeal of such order, ordered the PUCT to allow GSU to recover purchased power payments in excess of its avoided cost in future proceedings if GSU established to the PUCT's satisfaction that the payments were reasonable and necessary expenses. In January 1992, GSU applied to the PUCT for a new fixed fuel factor and requested a final reconciliation of fuel and purchased power costs incurred between December 1, 1986 and September 30, 1991. GSU proposed to recover net under-recoveries and interest (including under- recoveries related to NISCO) over a twelve-month period. In June 1993, the PUCT concluded that the purchased power payments made to NISCO in excess of GSU's avoided cost were not reasonably incurred. In October 1993, GSU appealed the PUCT's order to the Travis County District Court where the matter is still pending. As of December 31, 1995, GSU has expensed $119.4 million of unrecovered purchased power costs and deferred revenue pending the appeal of the District Court. No assurance can be given as to the timing or outcome of the appeal. PUCT Fuel Cost Review On January 9, 1995, GSU and various parties reached an agreement for the reconciliation of over- and under-recovery of fuel and purchased power expenses for the period October 1, 1991, through December 31, 1993. On April 17, 1995, the PUCT issued a final order approving the settlement. As a result of the PUCT order, $7.6 million of prior period fuel costs were refunded to customers through the fuel adjustment clause. Retail Rate Proceedings Refer to Note 2 for a discussion of additional retail rate proceedings which have been resolved during the current year and/or are currently outstanding in the regulatory jurisdictions in which GSU operates. Fuel Recovery GSU's Texas rate schedules include a fixed fuel factor to recover fuel and purchased power costs not recovered in base rates. The fixed factor may be revised every six months in accordance with a schedule set by the PUCT for each utility. To the extent actual costs vary from the fixed factor, refunds or surcharges are required or permitted, respectively. Fuel costs are also subject to reconciliation proceedings every three years. GSU's Louisiana electric rate schedules include a fuel adjustment clause to reflect the cost of fuel and purchased power costs in the second prior month, adjusted by a surcharge for deferred fuel expense arising from the monthly reconciliation of actual fuel cost incurred with fuel revenues billed to customers. GSU's Louisiana gas rates include a purchased gas adjustment to recover the cost of purchased gas. Steam Customer Contract GSU is currently negotiating with its only steam customer whose contract is scheduled to expire in 1997. It is anticipated that GSU will be successful in such negotiations and the contract will be renewed. During 1995 sales to this customer contributed $44.5 million in base revenues to GSU. LP&L Recovery of Waterford 3 and Grand Gulf 1 Costs In a series of LPSC orders, court decisions, and agreements from late 1985 to mid-1988, LP&L was granted rate relief with respect to costs associated with Waterford 3 and LP&L's share of capacity and energy from Grand Gulf l, subject to certain terms and conditions. With respect to Waterford 3, LP&L was granted an increase aggregating $170.9 million over the period 1985-1988, and LP&L agreed to permanently absorb, and not recover from retail ratepayers, $284 million of its investment in the unit and to defer $266 million of its costs related to the years 1985-1988 to be recovered over approximately 8.6 years beginning in April 1988. As of December 31, 1995, LP&L's unrecovered deferral balance was $26 million. With respect to Grand Gulf l, LP&L agreed to retain, and not recover from retail ratepayers, 18% of its 14% share or, approximately 2.52% of the costs of Grand Gulf l's capacity and energy. LP&L is allowed to recover, through the fuel adjustment clause, 4.6 cents per KWh for the energy related to its retained portion of these costs. Alternatively, LP&L may sell such energy to nonaffiliated parties at prices above the fuel adjustment clause recovery amount, subject to the LPSC's approval. Performance-Based Formula Rate Plan In June 1995, in conjunction with the LPSC's rate review, a performance-based formula rate plan previously proposed by LP&L was approved with certain modifications. At the same time, the LPSC ordered a $49.4 million reduction in base rates. For a discussion of LP&L's approved performance-based formula rate plan, LP&L's subsequent appeal of the LPSC's June 1995 rate order, and the final settlement of this appeal, see Note 2. Fuel Adjustment Clause LP&L's rate schedules include a fuel adjustment clause to reflect the cost of fuel and purchased power in the second prior month. The fuel adjustment also reflects a surcharge for deferred fuel expense arising from the monthly reconciliation of actual fuel cost incurred with fuel revenues billed to customers. MP&L Retail Rate Proceedings Refer to Note 2 for a discussion of the retail rate proceedings which have been resolved during the current year and/or are currently outstanding in the regulatory jurisdictions in which MP&L operates. Rate Freeze In connection with the settlement of various issues related to the Merger, MP&L agreed that it will not request any general retail rate increase to take effect before November 3, 1998, except for certain instances. See Note 2 for a discussion of the rate freeze as well as other aspects of the settlement agreement between MP&L and the MPSC. Recovery of Grand Gulf 1 Costs In 1988 the MPSC granted MP&L an annual base rate increase of approximately $326.5 million in connection with its allocated share of Grand Gulf 1 costs. The MPSC also provided for the deferral of a portion of such costs that were incurred each year through 1992, and recovery of these deferrals over a period of six years ending in 1998. As of December 31, 1995, the uncollected balance of MP&L's deferred costs was approximately $378 million. MP&L is permitted to recover the carrying charges on all deferred amounts on a current basis. Formula Rate Plan Under a formulary incentive rate plan (Formula Rate Plan) effective March 25, 1994, MP&L's earned rate of return is calculated automatically every 12 months and compared to and adjusted against a benchmark rate of return (calculated under a separate formula within the Formula Rate Plan). The Formula Rate Plan allows for periodic small adjustments in rates based on a comparison of actual earned returns to benchmark returns and upon certain performance factors. Pursuant to a stipulation with the MPSC's Public Utilities Staff, MP&L did not request an adjustment in rates based on its earned rate of return for the 12-months ended December 31, 1994. Fuel Adjustment Clause MP&L's rate schedules include a fuel adjustment clause that recovers changes in cost of fuel and purchased power. The monthly fuel adjustment rate is based on projected sales and costs for the month, adjusted for differences between actual and estimated costs and KWh sales for the second prior month. NOPSI Recovery of Grand Gulf 1 Costs Under NOPSI's various Rate Settlements with the Council in 1986, 1988, and 1991, NOPSI agreed to absorb and not recover from ratepayers a total of $96.2 million of its Grand Gulf 1 costs. NOPSI was permitted to implement annual rate increases in decreasing amounts each year through 1995, and to defer certain costs and related carrying charges, for recovery on a schedule extending from 1991 through 2001. As of December 31, 1995, the uncollected balance of NOPSI's deferred costs was $171 million. The 1994 NOPSI Settlement did not affect the scheduled Grand Gulf 1 phase-in rate increases. 1994 NOPSI Settlement In a settlement with the Council that was approved on December 29, 1994, NOPSI agreed to reduce electric and gas rates and issue credits and refunds to customers. Effective January 1, 1995, NOPSI implemented a $31.8 million permanent reduction in electric base rates and a $3.1 million permanent reduction in gas base rates. The 1994 NOPSI Settlement also required NOPSI to credit its customers $25 million over a 21-month period, beginning January 1, 1995, in order to resolve disputes with the Council regarding the interpretation of the 1991 NOPSI Settlement. See Note 2 for additional discussion of the rate reductions and refunds ordered by the Council in the 1994 NOPSI settlement, as well as the 1995 and 1996 annual earnings reviews required by the Council. Fuel Adjustment Clause NOPSI's electric rate schedules include a fuel adjustment clause to reflect the cost of fuel in the second prior month, adjusted by a surcharge for deferred fuel expense arising from the monthly reconciliation of actual fuel incurred with fuel cost revenues billed to customers. The adjustment, on a monthly basis, also reflects the difference between nonfuel Grand Gulf 1 costs paid by NOPSI and the estimate of such costs provided in NOPSI's Grand Gulf 1 Rate Settlements. NOPSI's gas rate schedules include an adjustment to reflect gas costs in excess of those collected in base rates, adjusted by a surcharge similar to that included in the electric fuel adjustment clause. Regulation Federal Regulation (Entergy Corporation, AP&L, GSU, LP&L, MP&L, NOPSI, and System Energy) PUHCA Entergy Corporation is a public utility holding company registered under PUHCA. As such, Entergy Corporation and its various direct and indirect subsidiaries (with the exception of its EWG and foreign utility subsidiaries) are subject to the broad regulatory provisions of that Act. Except with respect to investments in certain domestic power projects, foreign utility company projects, and telecommunication projects, PUHCA limits the operations of a registered holding company system to a single, integrated public utility system, plus additional systems and businesses as provided by that section. See "MANAGEMENT'S FINANCIAL DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS - SIGNIFICANT FACTORS AND KNOWN TRENDS," for a discussion of the Telecommunications Act. Entergy Corporation and other electric utility holding companies, have supported legislation in the United States Congress which would repeal PUHCA, which requires detailed oversight by the SEC of many business practices and activities of utility holding companies and their subsidiaries. The proposed legislation would transfer certain aspects of the oversight of public utility holding companies from the SEC to FERC. Entergy believes that PUHCA inhibits its ability to compete in the evolving electric energy marketplace and largely duplicates the oversight activities already performed by FERC and state and local regulators. In June 1995, the SEC adopted a report proposing options for the repeal or significant modification of PUHCA and proposed rule changes that would reduce the regulations governing utility holding companies. One rule change adopted as a result of such proposals eliminated the requirement to receive prior authorization for capital contributions made by a parent company to its nonutility subsidiary companies and for financing its non utility subsidiary companies. Such rule was appealed to the D.C. Circuit by the City of New Orleans where the appeal was denied in January 1996. Federal Power Act The Operating Companies, System Energy, and Entergy Power are subject to the Federal Power Act as administered by FERC and the DOE. The Federal Power Act provides for regulatory jurisdiction over the licensing of certain hydroelectric projects, the transmission and wholesale sale of electric energy in interstate commerce, and certain other activities, including accounting policies and practices. Such regulation includes jurisdiction over the rates charged by System Energy for capacity and energy provided to AP&L, LP&L, MP&L, and NOPSI from Grand Gulf 1. AP&L holds a license for two hydroelectric projects (70 MW) that was renewed on July 2, 1980. This license, granted by FERC, will expire in February 2003. Regulation of the Nuclear Power Industry (Entergy Corporation, AP&L, GSU, LP&L, and System Energy) General Under the Atomic Energy Act of 1954 and the Energy Reorganization Act of 1974, operation of nuclear plants is intensively regulated by the NRC, which has broad power to impose licensing and safety-related requirements. In the event of non-compliance, the NRC has the authority to impose fines or shut down a unit, or both, depending upon its assessment of the severity of the situation, until compliance is achieved. AP&L, GSU, LP&L, and System Energy, as owners of all or a portion of ANO, River Bend, Waterford 3, and Grand Gulf 1, respectively, and Entergy Operations, as the operator of these units, are subject to the jurisdiction of the NRC. Revised safety requirements promulgated by the NRC have, in the past, necessitated substantial capital expenditures at these nuclear plants, and additional such expenditures could be required in the future. The nuclear power industry faces uncertainties with respect to the cost and long-term availability of sites for disposal of spent nuclear fuel and other radioactive waste, nuclear plant operations, the technological and financial aspects of decommissioning plants at the end of their licensed lives, and requirements relating to nuclear insurance. These matters are briefly discussed below. Spent Fuel and Other High-Level Radioactive Waste Under the Nuclear Waste Policy Act of 1982, the DOE is required, for a specified fee, to construct storage facilities for, and to dispose of, all spent nuclear fuel and other high-level radioactive waste generated by domestic nuclear power reactors. However, the DOE has not yet identified a permanent storage repository and, as a result, future expenditures may be required to increase spent fuel storage capacity at the plant sites. For further information concerning spent fuel disposal contracts with the DOE, schedules for initial shipments of spent nuclear fuel, current on-site storage capacity, and costs of providing additional on-site storage, see Note 8. Low-Level Radioactive Waste The availability and cost of disposal facilities for low-level radioactive waste resulting from normal nuclear plant operations are subject to a number of uncertainties. Under the Low-Level Radioactive Waste Policy Act of 1980, as amended, each state is responsible for disposal of its own waste, and states may participate in regional compacts to fulfill their responsibilities jointly. The States of Arkansas and Louisiana participate in the Central States Compact, and the State of Mississippi participates in the Southeast Compact. Two disposal sites are currently operating in the United States, and until recently both were closed to out-of-region generators. The Barnwell Disposal Facility (Barnwell), located in South Carolina and operated by the Southeast Compact, reopened to out-of-region generators in July 1995. The South Carolina State legislative action reopening Barnwell must be renewed annually. The availability of Barnwell provides only temporary relief from low-level radioactive waste storage and does not alleviate the need to develop new disposal capacity. Both the Central States Compact and the Southeast Compact are working to establish additional disposal sites. The System, along with other waste generators, funds the development costs for new disposal facilities. As of December 1995, the System's cumulative expenditures for the development of new disposal facilities totaled approximately $38 million. Future levels of expenditures cannot be predicted. Until long-term disposal facilities are established, the System will seek continued access to existing facilities. If such access is unavailable, the System will store low-level waste at its nuclear plant sites. Decommissioning AP&L, GSU, LP&L, and System Energy are recovering from ratepayers portions of their estimated decommissioning costs for ANO, River Bend, Waterford 3, and Grand Gulf 1, respectively. These amounts are deposited in trust funds that, together with the related earnings, can only be used for future decommissioning costs. Estimated decommissioning costs are periodically reviewed and updated to reflect inflation and changes in regulatory requirements and technology, and applications are periodically made to appropriate regulatory authorities to reflect in rates any future changes in projected decommissioning costs. For additional information with respect to decommissioning costs for ANO, River Bend, Waterford 3, and Grand Gulf 1, see Note 8. Uranium Enrichment Decontamination and Decommissioning Fees The EPAct requires all electric utilities (including AP&L, GSU, LP&L, and System Energy) that have purchased uranium enrichment services from the DOE to contribute up to a total of $150 million annually, adjusted for inflation, up to a total of $2.25 billion over approximately 15 years, for decontamination and decommissioning of enrichment facilities. In accordance with the EPAct, contributions to decontamination and decommissioning funds are recovered through rates in the same manner as other fuel costs. See Note 8 for the estimated annual contributions by the System companies for decontamination and decommissioning fees. Nuclear Insurance The Price-Anderson Act limits public liability for a single nuclear incident to approximately $8.92 billion. AP&L, GSU, LP&L, and System Energy have protection with respect to this liability through a combination of private insurance and an industry assessment program, and also have insurance for property damage, costs of replacement power, and other risks relating to nuclear generating units. For a discussion of insurance applicable to the nuclear programs of AP&L, GSU, LP&L, and System Energy, see Note 8. Nuclear Operations General (Entergy Corporation, AP&L, GSU, LP&L, and System Energy) Entergy Operations operates ANO, River Bend, Waterford 3, and Grand Gulf 1, subject to the owner oversight of AP&L, GSU, LP&L, and System Energy, respectively. AP&L, GSU, LP&L, and System Energy, and the other Grand Gulf 1 and River Bend co-owners, have retained their ownership interests in their respective nuclear generating units. AP&L, GSU, LP&L, and System Energy have also retained their associated capacity and energy entitlements, and pay directly or reimburse Entergy Operations at cost for its operation of the units. ANO Matters (Entergy Corporation and AP&L) Entergy Operations has made inspections and repairs from time to time on ANO 2's steam generators. During the October 1995 inspection, additional cracks in the tubes were discovered. Currently, Entergy Operations is monitoring the development of the cracks and assessing various options for the repair or the replacement of ANO 2's steam generators. See Note 8 for additional information. River Bend (Entergy Corporation and GSU) In connection with the Merger, GSU filed two applications with the NRC in January 1993 to amend the River Bend operating license. The applications sought the NRC's consent to the Merger and to a change in the licensed operator of the facility from GSU to Entergy Operations. In August 1993 Cajun filed a petition to intervene and a request for a hearing in the proceeding. In January 1994, the presiding NRC Atomic Safety and Licensing Board (ASLB) issued an order granting Cajun's petition to intervene and ordering a hearing on one of Cajun's contentions. In 1994, subsequent to Cajun's intervention in such proceedings, the NRC Staff issued the two license amendments for River Bend, which were effective immediately upon consummation of the Merger. A hearing on the proceeding before the ASLB has been postponed, pending approval of a petition by Cajun to withdraw such a proceeding. On February 14, 1994, Cajun filed with the D.C. Circuit petitions for review of the two license amendments for River Bend. In March 1995, the D.C. Circuit ordered the original NRC order and license amendments be set aside, and remanded the case to the NRC for further consideration. Subsequently, the NRC affirmed its original findings and reissued the two license amendments approving the Merger and the change in the licensed operator of River Bend. Cajun has filed a petition for review with the D. C. Circuit, and oral arguments are expected to be heard in May 1996. These two amendments are in full force and effect, but are subject to the outcome of the two proceedings. State Regulation (AP&L, GSU, LP&L, MP&L, and NOPSI) General Each of the Operating Companies is subject to regulation by state and/or local regulatory authorities having jurisdiction over the areas in which it operates. Such regulation includes authority to set rates for retail electric and gas service. (See "RATE MATTERS AND REGULATION - - - - - Rate Matters - Retail Rate Matters," above.) AP&L is subject to regulation by the APSC and the Tennessee Public Service Commission (TPSC). APSC regulation includes the authority to set rates, determine reasonable and adequate service, fix the value of property used and useful, require proper accounting, control leasing, control the acquisition or sale of any public utility plant or property constituting an operating unit or system, set rates of depreciation, issue certificates of convenience and necessity and certificates of environmental compatibility and public need, and control the issuance and sale of securities. Regulation by the TPSC includes the authority to set standards of service and rates for service to customers in the state, require proper accounting, control the issuance and sale of securities, and issue certificates of convenience and necessity. GSU is subject to the jurisdiction of the municipal authorities of incorporated cities in Texas as to retail rates and services within their boundaries, with appellate jurisdiction over such matters residing in the PUCT. GSU is also subject to regulation by the PUCT as to retail rates and services in rural areas, certification of new generating plants, and extensions of service into new areas. GSU is subject to regulation by the LPSC as to electric and gas service, rates and charges, certification of generating facilities and power or capacity purchase contracts, depreciation, accounting, and other matters. LP&L is subject to regulation by the LPSC as to electric service, rates and charges, certification of generating facilities and power or capacity purchase contracts, depreciation, accounting, and other matters. LP&L is also subject to the jurisdiction of the Council with respect to such matters within Algiers. MP&L is subject to regulation as to service, service areas, facilities, and retail rates by the MPSC. MP&L is also subject to regulation by the APSC as to the certificate of environmental compatibility and public need for the Independence Station. NOPSI is subject to regulation by the Council as to electric and gas service, rates and charges, standards of service, depreciation, accounting, issuance of certain securities, and other matters. Franchises AP&L holds exclusive franchises to provide electric service in 300 incorporated cities and towns in Arkansas. These franchises are unlimited in duration and continue until such a time when the municipalities purchase the utility property. In Arkansas, franchises are considered to be contracts and, therefore, are terminable upon breach of the contract. GSU holds non-exclusive franchises, permits, or certificates of convenience and necessity to provide electric and gas service in 55 incorporated villages, cities, and towns in Louisiana and 64 incorporated cities and towns in Texas. GSU ordinarily holds 50-year franchises in Texas and 60-year franchises in Louisiana. GSU's current electric franchises will expire in 2007 - 2036 in Texas and in 2015 - 2046 in Louisiana. The natural gas franchise in the City of Baton Rouge will expire in 2015. In addition, GSU has received from the PUCT a certificate of convenience and necessity to provide electric service to areas within 21 counties in eastern Texas. LP&L holds non-exclusive franchises to provide electric service in 116 incorporated villages, cities, and towns. Most of these municipal franchises have 25-year terms, although six municipalities have granted LP&L 60-year franchises. LP&L also supplies electric service in 353 unincorporated communities, all of which are located in parishes in which LP&L holds non-exclusive franchises. MP&L has received from the MPSC certificates of public convenience and necessity to provide electric service to areas within 45 counties in western Mississippi, which include a number of municipalities. Under Mississippi statutory law, such certificates are exclusive. MP&L may continue to serve in such municipalities upon payment of a statutory franchise fee, regardless of whether an original municipal franchise is still in existence. NOPSI provides electric and gas service in the City of New Orleans pursuant to city ordinances, which state, among other things, that the City has a continuing option to purchase NOPSI's electric and gas utility properties. System Energy has no distribution franchises. Its business is currently limited to wholesale power sales. Environmental Regulation General In the areas of air quality, water quality, control of toxic substances and hazardous and solid wastes, and other environmental matters, the facilities and operations of the System companies are subject to regulation by various federal, state, and local authorities. The System companies believe they are in substantial compliance with environmental regulations currently applicable to their respective facilities and operations. They have incurred significant costs in meeting environmental protection standards. Because environmental regulations are continually changing, the ultimate compliance costs to the System companies cannot be precisely estimated. However, management currently estimates that ultimate capital expenditures for environmental compliance purposes, including those discussed in "Clean Air Legislation," below, will not be material for the System as a whole. Clean Air Legislation The Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990 (the Act) set up three programs that affect the System companies: an acid rain program for control of sulfur dioxide (SO2) and nitrogen oxides (NOx), an ozone nonattainment area program for control of NOx and volatile organic compounds, and an operating permits program for administration and enforcement of these and other Clean Air Act programs. Under the acid rain program, no additional control equipment is expected to be required by the System to control SO2. The Act provides "allowances" to most of the affected System companies' generating units for emissions based upon past emission levels and operating characteristics. Each allowance is an entitlement to emit one ton of SO2 per year. Under the Act, utilities will be required to possess allowances for SO2 emissions from affected generating units. All of the Entergy company generating units are classified as "Phase II" units under the Act and are subject to SO2 allowance requirements beginning in the year 2000. Based on operating history, the System companies are considered "clean" utilities and have been allocated more allowances than are currently necessary for normal operations. Management believes that it will be able to operate its units efficiently without installing scrubbers or purchasing allowances from outside sources, and that one or more of the System companies may have excess allowances available for sale. The System companies have installed continuous emission monitoring (CEM) equipment at their fossil generating units to comply with EPA regulations under the Act, and CEM software and computer equipment is currently being updated at AP&L, MP&L, LP&L, and NOPSI generating units. Such CEM equipment resulted in approximately $5.2 million of capital costs during 1995. No material costs for CEM equipment are expected in 1996. Control equipment may eventually be required for NOx reductions due to the ozone nonattainment status of the areas served by GSU in and around Beaumont and Houston, Texas. Texas environmental authorities are studying the causes of ozone pollution and will decide during 1996 whether to require controls. If Texas decides to regulate NOx, the cost of such control equipment for the affected GSU plants is estimated at $10.4 million through the year 2000. In accordance with the Act, the EPA promulgated operating permit regulations in 1994 that may set new operating criteria for fossil plants relating to fuels, emissions, and equipment maintenance practices. Some or all Entergy Companies may also have to install additional CEM equipment as a result of these regulations. The cost will be determined on a state-by-state basis as the plants are granted permits during 1996 and 1997. Related capital and operation and maintenance costs are expected to begin in 1996, but are not expected to be material. The authority to impose permit fees under this program has been delegated to the states by the EPA and, depending on the outcomes of various decisions of each state regulatory authority, total permit fees for the System could range from $1.6 to $5.0 million annually. Other Environmental Matters The provisions of the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act of 1980, as amended (CERCLA), authorize the EPA and, indirectly, the states to require generators and certain transporters of certain hazardous substances released from or at a site, and the owners or operators of any such site, to clean-up the site or reimburse such clean-up costs. CERCLA has been interpreted to impose joint and several liability on responsible parties. The System companies sent waste materials to various disposal sites over the years. Also, certain operating procedures and maintenance practices, that historically were not subject to regulation, are now regulated by environmental laws. Some of these sites have been the subject of governmental action under CERCLA, as a result of which the System companies have become involved with site clean-up activities. The System companies have participated to various degrees in accordance with their potential liability in such site clean-ups and have developed experience with clean-up costs. The System companies have established reserves for such environmental clean-up/restoration activities. In the aggregate, the cost of such remediation is not considered material to the System. AP&L AP&L has received notices from time to time from the EPA, the Arkansas Department of Pollution Control and Ecology (ADPC&E), and others alleging that it, along with others, may be a PRP for clean-up costs associated with various sites in Arkansas. Most of these sites are neither owned nor operated by any System company. Contaminants at the sites include polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), lead, and other hazardous substances. In response to such notices from the EPA and the ADPC&E, the sites discussed below have been remediated: At the EPA's request, AP&L voluntarily performed stabilization activities at the Benton Salvage site in Saline County, Arkansas. While the EPA has not named PRPs for this site, AP&L has negotiated an agreement with the EPA to remove waste stored at the site. AP&L will spend approximately $250,000 to remove and dispose of waste material at the Benton Salvage site. Although GSU and LP&L have had minor involvement in the Benton Salvage site, no remediation action is anticipated by these companies. As a result of an internal investigation, AP&L has identified soil contamination at AP&L-owned sites located in Blytheville and Pine Bluff, Arkansas. The contamination appears to be a result of operating procedures that were performed prior to any applicable environmental regulation. Remediation of the Blytheville and Pine Bluff sites was completed in 1995 at a total cost of approximately $2.25 million. Reynolds Metals Company (Reynolds) and AP&L notified the EPA in 1989 of possible PCB contamination at two former Reynolds plant sites (Jones Mill and Patterson) in Arkansas to which AP&L had supplied power. Subsequently, AP&L completed remediation at the substations serving the plant sites at a cost of $1.7 million. Additional PCB contamination was found in a portion of a drainage ditch that flows from the Patterson facility to the Ouachita River. Reynolds demanded that AP&L participate in remediation efforts with respect to the ditch. AP&L and independent contractors engaged by AP&L conducted an investigation of the ditch contamination and the possible migration of PCBs from the electrical equipment that AP&L maintained at the plant. The investigation concluded that little, if any, of the contamination was caused by AP&L. AP&L has thus far expended approximately $150,000 on investigation of the ditch. In May 1995, AP&L was named as a defendant in a suit by Reynolds seeking to recover a share of its costs associated with the clean-up of hazardous substances at the Patterson site. Reynolds alleges that it has spent $11.2 million to clean-up the site, and that AP&L bears some responsibility for PCB contamination at the site. AP&L believes that it has no liability for contamination at the Patterson site and is contesting the lawsuit. AP&L entered into a Consent Administrative Order, dated February 21, 1991, with the ADPC&E that named AP&L as a PRP for the initial stabilization associated with contamination at the Utilities Services, Inc. state Superfund site located near Rison, Arkansas. This site was found to have soil contaminated by PCBs and pentachlorophenol (a wood preservative). Containers and drums that contained PCBs and other hazardous substances were found at the site. AP&L's share of total remediation costs is estimated to range between $3.0 and $5.0 million. AP&L is attempting to identify and notify other PRPs with respect to this site. AP&L has received assurances that the ADPC&E will use its enforcement authority to allocate remediation expenses among AP&L and any other PRPs that can be identified. Approximately 20 PRPs have been identified to date. AP&L has performed the activities necessary to stabilize the site, at a cost of approximately $350,000. AP&L believes that its potential liability for this site will not be material. GSU GSU has been designated by the EPA as a PRP for the clean-up of certain hazardous waste disposal sites. GSU is currently negotiating with the EPA and state authorities regarding the clean-up of these sites. Several class action and other suits have been filed in state and federal courts seeking relief from GSU and others for damages caused by the disposal of hazardous waste and for asbestos-related disease allegedly resulting from exposure on GSU premises (see "Other Regulation and Litigation" below). While the amounts at issue may be substantial, GSU believes that its results of operations and financial condition will not be materially adversely affected by the outcome of the suits. Through December 31, 1995, $7.9 million has been expended on clean-up activities. As of December 31, 1995, a remaining recorded liability of $21.7 million existed relating to the clean-up of five sites at which GSU has been designated a PRP. In 1971, GSU purchased property near its Sabine generating station, known as the Bailey site, for possible expansion of cooling water facilities. Although it was not known to GSU at the time, the property was utilized by area industries in the 1950's and 1960's as an industrial waste dump. GSU sold the property in 1984. In October 1984, an abandoned waste site on the property was included on the Superfund National Priorities List (NPL) by the EPA. GSU has pursued negotiations with the EPA and is a member of a task force with other PRPs for the voluntary clean-up of the waste site. A Consent Decree has been signed by all PRPs for the voluntary clean-up of the Bailey site. Additional wastes have been discovered at the site since the original clean-up costs were estimated. Remediation of the Bailey site is being redesigned and costs are currently expected to be approximately $33 million. GSU is expected to be responsible for 2.26% of the estimated clean-up cost. Federal and state agencies are presently examining potential liabilities associated with natural resource damages. This matter is currently under negotiation with the other PRPs and the agencies. GSU does not believe that its ultimate responsibility with respect to this site will be material after allowance for the existing clean-up reserve in the amount of $760,000. GSU is currently involved in a multi-phased remedial investigation of an abandoned manufactured gas plant (MGP) site, known as the Lake Charles Service Center, located in Lake Charles, Louisiana. The property was the site of an MGP that is believed to have operated from approximately 1916 to 1931. Coal tar, a by-product of the distillation process employed at MGPs, was apparently routed to a portion of the property for disposal. The same area has also been used as a landfill. Under an order issued by the Louisiana Department of Environmental Quality (LDEQ), which is currently stayed, GSU was required to investigate and, if necessary, take remedial action at the site. Preliminary estimates of remediation costs are approximately $20 million. On February 13, 1995, the EPA published a proposed rule adding the Lake Charles Service Center to the NPL. Another PRP has been identified and is believed to have had a role in the ownership and operation of the MGP. Negotiations with that company for joint participation and possible remedial action have been held and are expected to continue. GSU currently is awaiting notification from the EPA before initiating additional clean-up negotiations or actions. GSU does not presently believe that its ultimate responsibility with respect to this site will be material, after allowance for the existing clean-up reserve of $19.8 million. GSU along with LP&L has been named as a PRP for an abandoned waste oil recycling plant site in Livingston Parish, Louisiana, known as Combustion, Inc., which is included on the NPL. Although most surface remediation has been completed, additional studies related to residual groundwater contamination are expected to continue in 1996. GSU and LP&L have been named as defendants in a class action lawsuit lodged against a group of PRPs associated with the site. (For information regarding litigation in connection with the Combustion, Inc. site, see "Other Regulation and Litigation" below.) GSU does not presently believe that its ultimate responsibility with respect to this site will be material. GSU received notification in 1992 from the EPA of potential liability at a site located in Iota, Louisiana. This site was the depository of a variety of wastes, including medical and chemical wastes. In addition to GSU, over 200 parties have been named as PRPs. The EPA has completed remediation at the Iota site. However, it is continuing its investigation of the site and has notified the PRPs of the possibility of this site being linked to other sites. GSU does not believe it is implicated in these other sites. GSU has not received notification of liability or location with regard to the other sites, and does not believe that its ultimate responsibility with respect to these other sites will be material. GSU, along with AP&L and LP&L, has been notified of its potential liability with respect to the Benton Salvage site located in Saline County, Arkansas. Although GSU and LP&L have had minor involvement in the Benton Salvage site, no remediation action is anticipated by these companies. See "AP&L" above for a discussion of the Benton Salvage site. LP&L, NOPSI, and System Energy LP&L, NOPSI, and System Energy have received notices from the EPA and/or the states of Louisiana and Mississippi that one or more than one company may be a PRP for disposal sites that are neither owned nor operated by any System company. In response to such notices the sites discussed below have been remediated: LP&L and NOPSI have completed remediation at the Rose Chemical site located in Missouri and the aggregate remaining costs are considered immaterial. LP&L, along with AP&L and GSU, was notified in 1990 of its potential liability at the Benton Salvage site located in Saline County, Arkansas. Although GSU and LP&L have been involved in the Benton Salvage site, their contributions are considered minor; and therefore, no remediation action is required by these companies. See "AP&L" above for a discussion of the Benton Salvage site. The EPA named LP&L and System Energy as two of the 44 PRPs for the Disposal Systems, Inc. site in Mississippi. The State of Mississippi has indicated that it intends to have the PRPs conduct a clean-up of the Disposal Systems, Inc. site but has not yet taken formal action. LP&L has settled this matter with the EPA. The State of Mississippi is continuing to evaluate whether additional remediation measures are necessary. However, further remediation costs at the Disposal Systems, Inc. site are not expected to be material. NOPSI received notice from the EPA with respect to a Mississippi site, known as Pike County, in the fall of 1994. The EPA alleged that NOPSI sold and shipped hazardous waste to the Pike County site during 1983 and 1984. NOPSI has negotiated a final settlement with the EPA for remediation of the site and no further costs are expected. From 1992 to 1994, LP&L performed site assessments and remedial activities at three retired power plants, known as the Homer, Jonesboro, and Thibodaux municipal sites, previously owned and operated by Louisiana municipalities. LP&L purchased the power plants as part of the acquisition of municipal electric systems after operating them for the last few years of their useful lives. The site assessments indicated some subsurface contamination from fuel oil. LP&L has completed all remediation work to the LDEQ's satisfaction for these three former generating plants, and follow-up sampling has been completed at the Homer site. Sampling at the Jonesboro and Thibodaux sites is expected to be completed in 1996. The costs incurred through December 31, 1995 for the Homer, Jonesboro, and Thibodaux sites are $22,000, $156,000, and $34,000, respectively. Any remaining costs are considered immaterial. There are certain disposal sites in which LP&L and NOPSI have been named by the EPA as PRPs for associated clean-up costs, but management believes no liability exists in connection with these sites for LP&L and NOPSI. Such Louisiana sites include Combustion Inc., an abandoned waste oil recycling plant site located in Livingston Parish (involving at least 70 PRPs, including GSU), and the Dutchtown site (also included on the NPL and involving 57 PRPs). LP&L has found no evidence of its involvement in the Combustion Inc. site. (For information regarding litigation in connection with the Livingston Parish site, see "Other Regulation and Litigation," below). With respect to the Dutchtown site, NOPSI believes it has no liability because the material it sent to this site was not a hazardous substance. During 1993, the LDEQ issued new rules for solid waste regulation, including regulation of waste water impoundments. LP&L has determined that certain of its power plant waste water impoundments were affected by these regulations and has chosen to upgrade or close them. As a result, a remaining recorded liability in the amount of $10.6 million existed at December 31, 1995, for waste water upgrades and closures to be completed by the end of 1996. Cumulative expenditures relating to the upgrades and closures of waste water impoundments were $5.6 million as of December 31, 1995. Other Regulation and Litigation Merger (Entergy Corporation and GSU) In July and August 1992, Entergy Corporation and GSU filed applications with FERC, the LPSC, and the PUCT, and Entergy Corporation, Entergy Operations, and Entergy Services filed an application with the SEC under PUHCA, seeking authorization of various aspects of the Merger. In January 1993, GSU filed two applications with the NRC seeking approval of the change in ownership of GSU and an amendment to the operating license for River Bend to reflect its operation by Entergy Operations. All regulatory approvals were obtained in 1993 and the Merger was consummated on December 31, 1993. FERC's December 15, 1993, and May 17, 1994, orders approving the Merger were appealed to the D.C. Circuit by Entergy Services, the City, the Arkansas Electric Energy Consumers (AEEC), the APSC, Cajun, the MPSC, the American Forest and Paper Association, the State of Mississippi, the City of Benton and other cities, and Occidental Chemical Corporation (Occidental). Entergy seeks review of FERC's deletion of a 40% cap on the amount of fuel savings GSU may be required to transfer to other Entergy operating companies under a tracking mechanism designed to protect the other companies from certain unexpected increases in fuel costs. The other parties are seeking to overturn FERC's decisions on various grounds, including the issues of whether FERC appropriately conditioned the Merger to protect various interested parties from alleged harm and FERC's reliance on Entergy's transmission tariff to mitigate any potential anticompetitive impacts of the Merger. On November 18, 1994, the D. C. Circuit denied motions filed by Cajun, Occidental, and AEEC for a remand to FERC and a partial summary grant of the petitions for review. At the same time, the D.C. Circuit ordered that the cases be held in abeyance pending FERC's issuance of (1) a final order on remand in the proceedings on Entergy's transmission tariff, see discussion of tariff case in "RATE MATTERS AND REGULATION - Rate Matters - Wholesale Rate Matters - Open Access Transmission" above, and (2) a final order on competition issues in the proceedings on the Merger. On December 30, 1993, Entergy Services submitted to FERC tariff revisions to comply with FERC's order dated December 15, 1993, approving the Merger. On February 4, 1994, the APSC and AEEC filed with FERC a joint protest to the compliance filing. They alleged that Entergy must insulate the ratepayers of AP&L, LP&L, MP&L, and NOPSI from all litigation liabilities related to GSU's River Bend nuclear facility. In its May 17, 1994, order on rehearing, FERC addressed Entergy's commitment to insulate the customers of AP&L, LP&L, MP&L, and NOPSI against liability resulting from certain litigation involving River Bend. In response to FERC's clarification of Entergy's commitment, Entergy Services filed a compliance filing on June 16, 1994, which amended certain System Agreement language submitted with the December 30, 1993, filing. APSC and AEEC subsequently filed protests questioning the adequacy of Entergy's June 16, 1994, compliance filing. Entergy filed an answer to the protest reiterating its full compliance with the requirements of FERC's May 17, 1994, order on rehearing. FERC has not yet acted on the compliance filings. Requests for rehearing of the SEC order were filed with the SEC by Houston Industries Incorporated and Houston Lighting & Power Company on December 28, 1993, and petitions for review seeking to set aside the SEC order were filed with the D.C. Circuit by these parties and by Cajun in February 1994. The matter has been remanded by the D.C. Circuit to the SEC for further consideration in light of developments at FERC relating to Entergy's transmission tariffs. Appeals seeking to set aside the LPSC order related to the Merger were filed in the 19th Judicial District Court for the Parish of East Baton Rouge, Louisiana, by Houston Lighting & Power Company on August 13, 1993, and by the Alliance for Affordable Energy, Inc. on August 20, 1993. Subsequently, on February 9, 1994, Houston Lighting & Power Company filed a motion voluntarily dismissing its appeal. In judgments issued in February and November 1995, the 19th Judicial District Court dismissed the appeals of the Alliance for Affordable Energy, Inc. Flowage Easement Suits (AP&L) Three lawsuits (subsequently consolidated into one) were filed in the Arkansas District Court by numerous plaintiffs against AP&L and Entergy Services in connection with the operation of two dams during a period of heavy rainfall and flooding in May 1990. The consolidated lawsuits sought approximately $14.4 million in property losses and other compensatory damages, and $500 million in punitive damages. In their responses to these complaints, AP&L and Entergy Services asserted, among other things, that AP&L owns flowage easements giving it the permanent right to inundate the lands owned or occupied by the plaintiffs in connection with the operation of the dams. Rulings issued by the Arkansas District Court in June and November 1991 found that AP&L had the right to enforce its flowage easements and that Entergy Services was entitled to the benefit of AP&L's flowage easements. Such rulings removed from consideration damages in the approximate amount of $13.5 million alleged to have occurred within the areas covered by the easements. As a result, over 300 plaintiffs claiming damage within the easements were dismissed from the consolidated case in December 1991. Certain plaintiffs appealed the Arkansas District Court rulings to the Eighth Circuit, and these appeals were ultimately denied in December 1993. The remaining plaintiffs, to whom the flowage easements did not apply, had obtained a stay and an administrative termination of their claims, pending the outcome of the appeal. On February 10, 1995, such plaintiffs petitioned the Arkansas District Court to reopen the proceedings as to their claims. In March 1995, the Arkansas District Court ordered the reopening of the proceedings relating to the plaintiffs' claims which were previously stayed and administratively terminated, and the claims were subsequently tried. On November 9, 1995, the Arkansas District Court dismissed all remaining plaintiffs' claims, resolving the case in favor of AP&L. Asbestos and Hazardous Waste Suits (GSU and LP&L) A number of plaintiffs who allegedly suffered damage or injury, or are survivors of persons who allegedly died, as a result of exposure to "hazardous toxic waste" that emanated from a site in Livingston Parish, sued GSU and approximately 70 other defendants, including LP&L, in 17 suits filed in the Livingston Parish, Louisiana District Court (State District Court). The plaintiffs alleged that the defendants generated, transported, or participated in the storage of such wastes at the facility, which was previously operated as a waste oil recycling facility. These State District Court suits, which seek damages in total amounts ranging from $1 million to $10 billion and are now consolidated in a class action, and three federal suits in three states other than Louisiana involving issues arising from the same facility, have been removed and transferred, respectively, to the U.S. District Court for the Middle District of Louisiana. No assurances can be given to the timing or outcome of these suits. (GSU) A total of six suits have been filed on behalf of approximately 3,415 plantiffs in state and federal courts in Jefferson County, Texas. These suits seek relief from GSU as well as numerous other defendants for damages caused by the alleged exposure to hazardous waste and asbestos on the defendants' premises. At least five other individual suits have been filed in Beaumont against GSU and others, seeking damages for alleged asbestos exposure. All of the plaintiffs in such suits are also suing GSU and all other defendants on a conspiracy count. It is not yet known how many of the plantiffs in the suits discussed above worked on GSU's premises. There have been approximately 55 asbestos-related law suits filed in the District Court of Calcasieu Parish in Lake Charles, Louisiana, on behalf of an aggregate of 119 plaintiffs naming numerous defendants including GSU, and GSU expects additional cases to be filed. The suits allege that each plaintiff contracted an asbestos-related disease from exposure to asbestos insulation products on the premises of such defendants. Settlements of the two largest of the Jefferson County suits (involving about 1,660 groups of claimants) and 38 suits in Calcasieu Parish (involving approximately 91 plantiffs) have been consummated. GSU was named as one of a number of defendants in nearly all of the suits. GSU's share of the settlements of these cases was not material to its financial position or results of operations. Cajun - River Bend Litigation (Entergy Corporation and GSU) GSU has significant business relationships with Cajun, including co-ownership of River Bend (operated by GSU) and Big Cajun 2, Unit 3 (operated by Cajun). GSU and Cajun, respectively, own 70% and 30% undivided interests in River Bend and 42% and 58% undivided interests in Big Cajun 2, Unit 3. Cajun is currently in reorganization proceedings under the United States Bankruptcy Code. In June 1989, Cajun filed a civil action against GSU in the United States District Court for the Middle District of Louisiana (District Court). Cajun's complaint seeks to annul, rescind, terminate and/or dissolve the Joint Ownership Participation and Operating Agreement (Operating Agreement) entered into on August 28, 1979 relating to River Bend. Cajun alleges fraud and error by GSU, breach of its fiduciary duties owed to Cajun and/or GSU's repudiation, renunciation, abandonment or dissolution of its core obligations under the Operating Agreement, as well as the lack or failure of cause and/or consideration for Cajun's performance under the Operating Agreement. The suit also seeks to recover Cajun's alleged $1.6 billion investment in the unit as damages, plus attorneys' fees, interest, and costs. Two member cooperatives of Cajun have brought an independent action to declare the Operating Agreement void, based upon failure to get prior LPSC approval alleged to be necessary. GSU believes the suits are without merit and is contesting them vigorously. A trial on the portion of the suit by Cajun to rescind the Operating Agreement began in April 1994 and was completed in March 1995. On October 24, 1995, the District Court issued a memorandum opinion ruling in favor of GSU. The District Court found that Cajun did not prove that GSU fraudulently induced it to execute the Operating Agreement and that Cajun failed to timely assert its claim. A final judgment on this portion of the suit is not expected to be entered until all claims asserted by Cajun have been heard. The trial of the second portion of the suit currently is scheduled to begin on July 2, 1996. If GSU is ultimately unsuccessful in this litigation and is required to pay substantial damages, GSU would probably be unable to make such payments and could be forced to seek relief from its creditors under the United States Bankruptcy Code. If GSU prevails in this litigation, there can be no assurance that the United States Bankruptcy Court will allow funding by Cajun of all required costs of ownership in River Bend. In the bankruptcy proceedings, Cajun filed a motion to reject the Operating Agreement as a burdensome executory contract. GSU responded on January 10, 1995, with a memorandum opposing Cajun's motion. If the District Court were to grant Cajun's motion to reject the Operating Agreement, Cajun would be relieved of its financial obligations under the contract, while GSU would likely have a substantial damage claim arising from any such rejection. Although GSU believes that Cajun's motion to reject the Operating Agreement is without merit, it is not possible to predict the outcome or ultimate impact of these proceedings. See Note 8 for additional information regarding the Cajun litigation, Cajun's bankruptcy filing, related filings, and the ongoing potential effects of these matters upon GSU. As the result of an order issued by the District Court in August 1995, a former federal bankruptcy judge, Ralph Mabey, was appointed as trustee to oversee Cajun in bankruptcy. The LPSC and Cajun appealed the appointment of a trustee to the Fifth Circuit where the action of the District Court was reversed and remanded for further proceedings. However, in January 1996, the Fifth Circuit reversed its original position and affirmed the appointment of the trustee. In October 1995, the appeals court affirmed the District Court's preliminary injunction in the Cajun litigation. The preliminary injunction stipulated that GSU should make payments for its portion of expenses for Big Cajun 2, Unit 3 into the registry of the District Court. As of December 31, 1995, $38 million had been paid by GSU into the registry of the District Court. Cajun has not paid its full share of capital costs, operating and maintenance expenses and other costs for repairs and improvements to River Bend since 1992. However, Cajun continues to pay its share of decommissioning costs for River Bend. Cajun's unpaid portion of River Bend operating and maintenance expenses (including nuclear fuel) and capital costs for 1995 was approximately $58.7 million. The cumulative cost (excluding nuclear fuel) to GSU resulting from Cajun's failure to pay its full share of River Bend-related costs, reduced by the proceeds from the sale by GSU of Cajun's share of River Bend power and payments for GSU's portion of expenses for Big Cajun 2, Unit 3 into the registry of the District Court, was $31.1 million as of December 31, 1995. These amounts are reflected in long-term receivables with an offsetting reserve in other deferred credits. Cajun's bankruptcy may affect the ultimate collectibility of the amounts owed to GSU, including any amounts that may be awarded in litigation. Cajun - Transmission Service (Entergy Corporation and GSU) GSU and Cajun are parties to FERC proceedings relating to transmission service charge disputes. See Note 8 for additional information regarding these FERC proceedings, FERC orders issued as a result of such proceedings and the potential effects of these proceedings upon GSU. On December 7, 1993, Cajun filed a complaint in the Middle District of Louisiana alleging that GSU failed to provide Cajun an opportunity to construct certain facilities that allegedly would have reduced its rates under Service Schedule CTOC, and is seeking an order compelling the conveyance of certain facilities and awarding unspecified damages. GSU has moved to dismiss the complaint on the basis, among others, that FERC has already addressed the matter in the proceedings described in Note 8. Service Area Dispute (Entergy Corporation and GSU) GSU was requested by Cajun and Jefferson Davis Electric Cooperative, Inc. (Jefferson Davis), to provide the transmission of power over GSU's system for delivery to an area near Lake Charles, Louisiana. GSU provides electric service to industrial and other customers in this area, and Cajun and Jefferson Davis do not. In October 1989, Cajun filed a complaint at FERC contending that GSU wrongfully refused to provide Cajun certain transmission services so that its member, Jefferson Davis, could provide service to certain industrial customers, and it requested FERC to order GSU to provide the service. Subsequently, the FERC summarily dismissed Cajun's complaint, but the D.C. Circuit reversed FERC's summary determination and remanded the case to FERC for a hearing. Ultimately, in March 1994, the FERC issued an order dismissing Cajun's complaint and finding that GSU properly exercised its contractual right to refuse to provide transmission service to Cajun. In August 1994, the FERC denied a rehearing. Subsequently, Cajun filed a petition for review of the FERC's orders in the D.C. Circuit. In October 1995, the D.C. Circuit affirmed the FERC's previous opinion in its entirety. Cajun and Jefferson Davis also brought a related action in federal court in the Western District of Louisiana alleging that GSU breached its obligations under the parties' contract and violated the antitrust laws by refusing to provide the transmission service described above. Cajun and Jefferson Davis seek an injunction requiring GSU to provide the requested service and unspecified treble damages for GSU's refusal to provide the service. In November 1989, the district court denied Cajun's and Jefferson Davis' motion for a preliminary injunction. In May 1991, the judge stayed the proceeding pending final resolution of the matters still pending before FERC. (Entergy Corporation and MP&L) On October 11, 1994, twelve Mississippi cities filed a complaint in state court against MP&L and eight electric power associations seeking a judgment from the court declaring unconstitutional certain Mississippi statutes that establish the procedure that must be followed before a municipality can acquire the facilities and certificate rights of a utility serving in the municipality. Specifically, the suit requests that the court declare unconstitutional certain 1987 amendments to the Mississippi Public Utilities Act that require that the MPSC cancel a utility's certificate to serve in the municipality before a municipality may acquire a utility's facilities located in the municipality. The suit also requests that the court find that Mississippi municipalities can serve any consumer in the boundaries of the municipality and within one mile thereof. On January 6, 1995, MP&L and the other defendants filed motions to dismiss. In October 1995, the state court dismissed the complaint. The plaintiffs have appealed the dismissal to the Mississippi Supreme Court. Cajun/River Bend Repairs (Entergy Corporation and GSU) In December 1991, Cajun filed a complaint seeking declaratory and injunctive relief from the U. S. District Court for the Middle District of Louisiana. The complaint concerns GSU's position that Cajun has defaulted on the payment of its share of certain expenditures to repair corrosion damage in the service water system, to repair a feedwater nozzle crack and to repair a turbine rotor. Cajun alleges that it has no obligation to pay its share of such costs and seeks a declaration that it may elect not to participate in the funding of such costs and that GSU may not demand payment or attempt to implement default provisions in the Operating Agreement. Cajun alleges that if it is required to pay its share of such costs it would be forced to default on other obligations. See "Cajun - River Bend" above for information regarding Cajun's bankruptcy filing. GSU believes that Cajun is in default under the provisions of the Operating Agreement. No assurance can be given as to the outcome or timing of this action brought by Cajun. Taxes Paid Under Protest (Entergy Corporation and LP&L) Since the mid-1980's, LP&L and the tax authorities of St. Charles Parish, Louisiana (Parish), the parish in which Waterford 3 is located, have disputed use taxes paid on nuclear fuel ($4.9 million through 1989) under protest by LP&L. LP&L continues to be successful in lawsuits in the Parish with regard to recovering these taxes, plus interest, and also with regard to Parish lease tax issues pertaining to fuel financing arrangements. In October 1994, Parish tax authorities sued LP&L and Entergy Corporation in the Civil District Court of Orleans Parish, Louisiana, claiming that $1.4 million of sales and use and lease taxes paid under protest by LP&L with respect to newly acquired nuclear fuel were not, in fact, paid under protest, and that unspecified additional taxes, interest, and penalties are due. Subsequently, the suit filed by the Parish tax authorities was dismissed. In September 1995, LP&L similarly paid use tax under protest in the amount of $209,000 with regard to the delivery of a new batch of fuel. In June 1995, LP&L received a favorable decision from the Louisiana Fifth Circuit Court of Appeals that confirmed that no such use taxes are due. The Parish and LP&L are currently discussing a possible settlement of all pending tax-related litigation including the likely return of the amounts paid under protest in October 1994 and September 1995. The suits by LP&L with regard to state use tax paid under protest on nuclear fuel are still pending. Federal Income Tax Audit (Entergy Corporation, LP&L, and System Energy) In August 1994, Entergy received an IRS report covering the federal income tax audit of Entergy Corporation and subsidiaries for the years 1988 - 1990. The report asserts an $80 million tax deficiency for the 1990 consolidated federal income tax returns related primarily to the application of accelerated investment tax credits associated with Waterford 3 and Grand Gulf nuclear plants. Entergy Corporation believes there is no material tax deficiency and is vigorously contesting the proposed assessment. Panda Energy Corporation Complaint (Entergy Corporation) Panda Energy Corporation (Panda) has commenced litigation in the Dallas District Court naming Entergy Corporation, Energy Enterprises, Entergy Power, Entergy Power Asia, Ltd., and Entergy Power Development Corporation as defendants. The allegations against the defendants include, among others, tortious interference with contractual relations, conspiracy, misappropriation of corporate opportunity, unfair competition and fraud, and constructive trust issues. Panda seeks damages of approximately $4.8 billion, of which $3.6 billion is claimed in punitive damages. Entergy believes that this lawsuit is without merit, that the damages claimed are insupportable, and that some or all of the claims against Entergy will be dismissed. However, no assurance can be given as to the timing or outcome of this matter. Catalyst Technologies, Inc. (Entergy Corporation) In June 1993 Catalyst Technologies, Inc. (CTI) filed a petition against Electec, Inc. (Electec), the predecessor to Entergy Enterprises. Prior to the filing of the petition, CTI and Electec entered into an agreement whereby CTI was required to raise a specified amount of funding in exchange for the right to acquire Electec's computer software technology marketing rights. CTI alleges that due to actions of Electec, it was unable to secure the necessary funding, and therefore, was not able to meet the terms of the agreement. The petition alleges breach of contract, breach of the obligation of good- faith and fair dealing, and bad-faith breach of contract against Electec. Subsequent to the filing of the petition, CTI indicated that it is seeking to recover approximately $36 million from Entergy Enterprises. No trial date has been set at this time. No assurance can be given as to the timing or outcome of this matter. EARNINGS RATIOS OF OPERATING COMPANIES AND SYSTEM ENERGY The Operating Companies and System Energy's ratios of earnings to fixed charges and ratios of earnings to fixed charges and preferred dividends pursuant to Item 503 of SEC Regulation S-K are as follows:
Ratios of Earnings to Fixed Charges Years Ended December 31, 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 AP&L 2.25 2.28 3.11 (c) 2.32 2.56 GSU 1.56 1.72 1.54 .36 (d) 1.86 LP&L 2.40 2.79 3.06 2.91 3.18 MP&L 2.36 2.37 3.79 (c) 2.12 2.92 NOPSI 5.66 (b) 2.66 4.68 (c) 1.91 3.93 System Energy 1.74 2.04 1.87 1.23 2.07
Ratios of Earnings to Combined Fixed Charges and Preferred Dividends Years Ended December 31, 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 AP&L 1.87 1.86 2.54 (c) 1.97 2.12 GSU (a) 1.19 1.37 1.21 .29 (d) 1.54 LP&L 1.95 2.18 2.39 2.43 2.60 MP&L 1.94 1.97 3.08 (c) 1.81 2.51 NOPSI 4.97 (b) 2.36 4.12 (c) 1.73 3.56
(a) "Preferred Dividends" in the case of GSU also include dividends on preference stock. (b) Earnings for the year ended December 31, 1991, include the $90 million effect of the 1991 NOPSI Settlement. (c) Earnings for the year ended December 31, 1993, include approximately $81 million, $52 million, and $18 million for AP&L, MP&L, and NOPSI, respectively, related to the change in accounting principle to provide for the accrual of estimated unbilled revenues. (d) Earnings for the year ended December 31, 1994, for GSU were not adequate to cover fixed charges and combined fixed charges and preferred dividends by $144.8 million and $197.1 million, respectively. INDUSTRY SEGMENTS NOPSI Narrative Description of NOPSI Industry Segments Electric Service NOPSI supplied retail electric service to 190,332 customers as of December 31, 1995. During 1995, 39% of electric operating revenues was derived from residential sales, 40% from commercial sales, 6% from industrial sales, and 15% from sales to governmental and municipal customers. Natural Gas Service NOPSI supplied retail natural gas service to 153,370 customers as of December 31, 1995. During 1995, 56% of gas operating revenues was derived from residential sales, 19% from commercial sales, 9% from industrial sales, and 16% from sales to governmental and municipal customers. (See "FUEL SUPPLY - Natural Gas Purchased for Resale.") Selected Financial Information Relating to Industry Segments For selected financial information relating to NOPSI's industry segments, see NOPSI's financial statements and Note 14. Employees by Segment NOPSI's full-time employees by industry segment as of December 31, 1995, were as follows: Electric 378 Natural Gas 111 --- Total 489 === (For further information with respect to NOPSI's segments, see "PROPERTY.") GSU For the year ended December 31, 1995, 96% of GSU's operating revenues was derived from the electric utility business. Of the remaining operating revenues 3% was derived from the steam business and 1% from the natural gas business. PROPERTY Generating Stations The total capability of the System's owned and leased generating stations as of December 31, 1995, by company and by fuel type, is indicated below:
Owned and Leased Capability MW(1) --------------------------------------------------- Gas Turbine and Internal Company Total Fossil Nuclear Combustion Hydro - - - - ------------- ------- ------- -------- --------- ---- AP&L 4,373 (2) 2,379 1,694 230 (4) 70 GSU 6,558 (2) 5,828 655 75 - LP&L 5,423 (2) 4,329 1,075 19 - MP&L 3,063 (2) 3,052 - 11 - NOPSI 934 (2) 918 - 16 - System Energy 1,051 - 1,051 - - ------- ------- -------- --------- ---- Total System 21,402 (3) 16,506 (3) 4,475 351 70 ========= ======== ========= ========= =====
(1) "Owned and Leased Capability" is the dependable load carrying capability as demonstrated under actual operating conditions based on the primary fuel (assuming no curtailments) that each station was designed to utilize. (2) Excludes the capacity of fossil-fueled generating stations placed on extended reserve as follows: AP&L - 506 MW; GSU - 405 MW; LP&L - 157 MW; MP&L - 73 MW; and NOPSI - 143 MW. Generating stations that are not expected to be utilized in the near-term to meet load requirements are placed in extended reserve shutdown in order to minimize operating expenses. (3) Excludes net capability of generating facilities owned by Entergy Power, which owns 809 MW of fossil-fueled capacity. (4) Includes 188 MW of capacity leased by AP&L through 1999. Load and capacity projections are regularly reviewed in order to coordinate and recommend the location and time of installation of additional generating capacity and of interconnections in light of the availability of power, the location of new loads, and maximum economy to the System. Based on load and capability projections and bulk power availability, the System has no current need to install additional generating capacity. When new generation resources are needed, the System plans to meet this need with a variety of sources other than construction of new base load generating capacity. In the meantime, the System will meet capacity needs by, among other things, purchasing power in the wholesale power market and/or removing generating stations from extended reserve shutdown. Under the terms of the System Agreement, certain generating capacity and other power resources are shared among the Operating Companies. Among other things, the System Agreement provides that parties having generating capacity greater than their load requirements (long companies) shall sell receive payments from those parties having deficiencies in generating capacity (short companies) and an amount sufficient to cover certain of the long companies' costs, including operating expenses, fixed charges on debt, dividend requirements on preferred and preference stock, and a fair rate of return on common equity investment. Under the System Agreement, these charges are based on costs associated with the long companies' steam electric generating units fueled by oil or gas. In addition, for all energy exchanged among the Operating Companies under the System Agreement, the short companies are required to pay the cost of fuel consumed in generating such energy plus a charge to cover other associated costs (see "RATE MATTERS AND REGULATION - Rate Matters - Wholesale Rate Matters - System Agreement," above, for a discussion of FERC proceedings relating to the System Agreement). The System's business is subject to seasonal fluctuations, with the peak period occurring in the summer months. The System's 1995 (and all-time) peak demand of 19,590 MW occurred on August 16, 1995. The net System capability at the time of peak was 21,100 MW, net of off- system firm sales of 302 MW. The capacity margin at the time of the peak was approximately 7.2%, excluding units placed on extended reserve and capacity owned by Entergy Power. Interconnections The electric power supply facilities of Entergy consist principally of steam-electric production facilities strategically located with reference to availability of fuel, protection of local loads, and other controlling economic factors. These are interconnected by a transmission system operating at various voltages up to 500 kilovolts. Generally, with the exception of Grand Gulf 1, Entergy Power's capacity and a small portion of MP&L's capacity, operating facilities or interests therein are owned by the System operating company serving the area in which the facilities are located. However, all of the System's generating facilities are centrally dispatched and operated in order to obtain the lowest cost sources of energy with a minimum of investment and the most efficient use of plant. In addition to the many neighboring utilities with which the Operating Companies interconnect, the Operating Companies are members of the Southwest Power Pool, the primary purpose of which is to ensure the reliability and adequacy of the electric bulk power supply in the southwest region of the United States. The Southwest Power Pool is a member of the North American Electric Reliability Council. The Operating Companies are also members of the Western Systems Power Pool. Gas Property As of December 31, 1995, NOPSI distributed and transported natural gas for distribution solely within the limits of the City of New Orleans through a total of 1,421 miles of gas distribution mains and 40 miles of gas transmission lines. Koch Gateway Pipeline Company is a principal supplier of natural gas to NOPSI, delivering to 6 of NOPSI's 14 delivery points. As of December 31, 1995, the gas properties of GSU were not material to GSU. Titles The System's generating stations are generally located on properties owned in fee simple. The greater portion of the transmission and distribution lines of the Operating Companies has been constructed over property of private owners pursuant to easements or on public highways and streets pursuant to appropriate franchises. The rights of each Operating Company in the realty on which its facilities are located are considered by it to be adequate for its use in the conduct of its business. Minor defects and irregularities customarily found in properties of like size and character exist, but such defects and irregularities do not materially impair the use of the properties affected thereby. The Operating Companies generally have the right of eminent domain, whereby they may, if necessary, perfect or secure titles to, or easements or servitudes on, privately-held lands used or to be used in their utility operations. Substantially all the physical properties owned by each Operating Company and System Energy, respectively, are subject to the lien of a mortgage and deed of trust securing the first mortgage bonds of such company. The Lewis Creek generating station is owned by GSG&T, Inc., and is not subject to the lien of the GSU mortgage securing the first mortgage bonds of GSU, but is leased to and operated by GSU. In the case of LP&L, certain properties are also subject to the liens of second mortgages securing other obligations of LP&L. In the case of MP&L and NOPSI, substantially all of their properties and assets are also subject to the second mortgage lien of their respective general and refunding mortgage bond indentures. FUEL SUPPLY Entergy's sources of generation and average fuel cost per KWh, excluding Entergy Power, for the years 1993-1995 were:
Natural Fuel Nuclear Coal Gas Oil Fuel % Cents % Cents % Cents % Cents of per of per of Per of Per Year Gen KWh Gen KWh Gen KWh Gen KWh 1995 50 1.99 - - 35 .60 15 1.73 1994 44 2.24 1 3.99 39 .60 16 1.82 1993- 27 2.70 7 2.10 51 .58 15 1.91 Entergy (excluding GSU) 1993 - GSU 69 2.44 - - 14 1.19 17 1.77
The System's actual 1995 and projected 1996 sources of generation, excluding Entergy Power, are:
Natural Fuel Nuclear Coal Gas Oil 1995 1996 1995 1996 1995 1996 1995 1996 System 50% 46% - - 35% 36% 15% 18% AP&L 9 8 - - 55 48 35 43 GSU 69 76 - - 18 16 13 8 LP&L 63 57 - - 37 43 - - MP&L 72 70 1 - - - 27 30 NOPSI 100 100 - - - - - - System - - - - 100(a) 100(a) - - Energy
(a)Capacity and energy from System Energy's interest in Grand Gulf 1 is allocated as follows: AP&L - 36%; LP&L - 14%; MP&L - 33%; and NOPSI - 17%. The balance of generation, which was immaterial, was provided by hydroelectric power. Natural Gas The Operating Companies have long-term firm and short-term interruptible gas contracts. Long-term firm contracts comprise less than 40% of total System requirements but can be called upon, if necessary, to satisfy a significant percentage of the System's needs. Additional gas requirements are satisfied by short-term contracts and spot-market purchases. GSU has a transportation service agreement with a gas supplier that provides flexible natural gas service to certain generating stations by using such supplier's pipeline and gas storage facility. Many factors, including wellhead deliverability, storage and pipeline capacity, and demand requirements of end users influence the availability and price of natural gas supplies for power plants. Demand is tied to regional weather conditions as well as to the prices of other energy sources. Supplies of natural gas are expected to be adequate in 1996. However, pursuant to federal and state regulations, gas supplies to power plants may be interrupted during periods of shortage. To the extent natural gas supplies may be disrupted, the Operating Companies will use alternate fuels, such as oil, or rely on coal and nuclear generation. Coal AP&L has long-term contracts with mines in the State of Wyoming for the supply of low-sulfur coal for the White Bluff Steam Electric Generating Station and Independence. These contracts, which expire in 2002 and 2011, provide for approximately 85% of AP&L's expected annual coal requirements. Additional requirements are satisfied by annual spot market purchases. GSU has a contract for a supply of low-sulfur Wyoming coal for Nelson Unit 6, which should be sufficient to satisfy the fuel requirements at Nelson Unit 6 through 2004. Cajun has advised GSU that it has contracts that should provide an adequate supply of coal until 1999 for the operation of Big Cajun 2, Unit 3. Nuclear Fuel The nuclear fuel cycle involves the mining and milling of uranium ore to produce a concentrate, the conversion of uranium concentrate to uranium hexafluoride gas, enrichment of that gas, fabrication of nuclear fuel assemblies for use in fueling nuclear reactors, and disposal of the spent fuel. System Fuels is responsible for contracts to acquire nuclear material to be used in fueling AP&L's, LP&L's, and System Energy's nuclear units and maintaining inventories of such materials during the various stages of processing. Each of these companies contracts for the fabrication of its own nuclear fuel and purchases the required enriched uranium hexafluoride from System Fuels. The requirements for GSU's River Bend plant are covered by contracts made by GSU. Entergy Operations acts as agent for System Fuels and GSU in negotiating and/or administering nuclear fuel contracts. In October 1989, System Fuels entered into a revolving credit agreement with a bank that provides up to $45 million in borrowings to finance its nuclear materials and services inventory. Should System Fuels default on its obligations under its credit agreement, AP&L, LP&L, and System Energy have agreed to purchase nuclear materials and services under the agreement. Based upon the planned fuel cycles for the System's nuclear units, the following tabulation shows the years through which existing contracts and inventory will provide materials and services:
Acquisition of or Conversion to Spent Uranium Uranium Enrich- Fabri- Fuel Concentrate Hexafluoride ment cation Disposal ANO 1 (1) (1) (2) 1997 (3) ANO 2 (1) (1) (2) 1999 (3) River Bend (1) (1) (2) 2000 (3) Waterford 3 (1) (1) (2) 1999 (3) Grand Gulf 1 (1) (1) (2) 2000 (3)
(1) Current contracts will provide a significant percentage of these materials and services through termination dates ranging from 1996-1999. Additional materials and services required beyond these dates are estimated to be available for the foreseeable future. (2) Current contracts will provide a significant percentage of these materials and services through approximately 2000. (3) The Nuclear Waste Policy Act of 1982 provides for the disposal of spent nuclear fuel or high level waste by the DOE. The System will enter into additional arrangements to acquire nuclear fuel beyond the dates shown above. Except as noted above, Entergy cannot predict the ultimate availability or cost of such arrangements at this time. AP&L, GSU, LP&L, and System Energy currently have arrangements to lease nuclear fuel and related equipment and services in aggregate amounts up to $130 million, $70 million, $80 million, and $80 million, respectively. As of December 31, 1995, the unrecovered cost base of AP&L's, GSU's, LP&L's, and System Energy's nuclear fuel leases amounted to approximately $98.7 million, $69.9 million, $72.9 million, and $71.4 million, respectively. The lessors finance the acquisition and ownership of nuclear fuel through credit agreements and the issuance of notes. These agreements are subject to annual renewal with, in LP&L's and GSU's case, the consent of the lenders. The credit agreements for AP&L, GSU, LP&L, and System Energy have been extended and now have termination dates of December 1998, December 1998, January 1999, and February 1999, respectively. The debt securities issued pursuant to these fuel lease arrangements have varying maturities through January 31, 1999. It is expected that the credit agreements will be extended or alternative financing will be secured by each lessor upon the maturity of the current arrangements. If extensions or alternative financing cannot be arranged, the lessee in each case must purchase sufficient nuclear fuel to allow the lessor to retire such borrowings. Natural Gas Purchased for Resale NOPSI has several suppliers of natural gas for resale. Its system is interconnected with three interstate and three intrastate pipelines. Presently, NOPSI's primary suppliers are Koch Gas Services Company (KGS), an interstate gas marketer, and Bridgeline and Pontchartrain, intrastate pipelines. NOPSI has a firm gas purchase contract with KGS. The KGS gas supply is transported to NOPSI pursuant to a "No-Notice" transportation service agreement with Koch Gateway Pipeline Company (KGPC). This service is subject to FERC-approved rates. NOPSI has firm contracts with its two intrastate suppliers and also makes interruptible spot market purchases. In recent years, natural gas deliveries have been subject primarily to weather-related curtailments. However, NOPSI has experienced no such curtailments. After the implementation of FERC-mandated interstate pipeline restructuring in 1993, curtailments of interstate gas supply could occur if NOPSI's suppliers failed to perform their obligations to deliver gas under their supply agreements. KGPC could curtail transportation capacity only in the event of pipeline system constraints. Based on the current supply of natural gas, and absent extreme weather-related curtailments, NOPSI does not anticipate any interruptions in natural gas deliveries to its customers. GSU purchases natural gas for resale under a "No-Notice" type of agreement from Mid Louisiana Gas Company. Abandonment of service by the present supplier would be subject to abandonment proceedings by FERC. Research AP&L, GSU, LP&L, MP&L, and NOPSI are members of the Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI). EPRI conducts a broad range of research in major technical fields related to the electric utility industry. Entergy participates in various EPRI projects based on Entergy's needs and available resources. During 1995, 1994, and 1993, the System contributed approximately $9 million, $18 million, and $17 million, respectively, for the various research programs in which Entergy was involved. Item 2. Properties Refer to Item 1. "Business - PROPERTY," for information regarding the properties of the registrants. Item 3. Legal Proceedings Refer to Item 1. "Business - RATE MATTERS AND REGULATION," for details of the registrants' material rate proceedings and other regulatory proceedings and litigation that are pending or that terminated in the fourth quarter of 1995. Item 4. Submission of Matters to a Vote of Security Holders During the fourth quarter of 1995, no matters were submitted to a vote of the security holders of Entergy Corporation, AP&L, GSU, LP&L, MP&L, NOPSI, or System Energy. PART II Item 5. Market for Registrants' Common Equity and Related Stockholder Matters Entergy Corporation The shares of Entergy Corporation's common stock are listed on the New York, Chicago, and Pacific Stock Exchanges. The high and low prices of Entergy Corporation's common stock for each quarterly period in 1995 and 1994 were as follows:
1995 1994 High Low High Low (In Dollars) First 24 3/4 20 37 3/8 31 1/8 Second 25 3/8 21 32 1/8 24 5/8 Third 26 1/8 23 3/4 26 1/4 22 5/8 Fourth 29 1/4 26 1/4 24 3/4 21 1/4
Dividends of 45 cents per share were paid on Entergy Corporation's common stock in each of the quarters of 1995 and 1994. As of February 29, 1996, there were 98,911 stockholders of record of Entergy Corporation. For information with respect to Entergy Corporation's future ability to pay dividends, refer to Note 7, "DIVIDEND RESTRICTIONS." In addition to the restrictions described in Note 7, PUHCA provides that, without approval of the SEC, the unrestricted, undistributed retained earnings of any Entergy Corporation subsidiary are not available for distribution to Entergy Corporation's common stockholders until such earnings are made available to Entergy Corporation through the declaration of dividends by such subsidiaries. AP&L, GSU, LP&L, MP&L, NOPSI, and System Energy There is no market for the common stock of Entergy Corporation's subsidiaries as all shares are owned by Entergy Corporation. Cash dividends on common stock paid by the subsidiaries to Entergy Corporation during 1995 and 1994, were as follows:
1995 1994 (In Millions) AP&L $153.4 $80.0 GSU -- $289.1 LP&L $221.5 $167.1 MP&L $61.7 $45.6 NOPSI $30.6 $33.3 System Energy $92.8 $148.3 Entergy S.A. $3.5 -- Entergy Transener $2.1 --
In February 1996, Entergy Corporation received common stock dividend payments from its subsidiaries totaling $48.7 million. For information with respect to restrictions that limit the ability of System Energy and the Operating Companies to pay dividends, see Note 7. Item 6. Selected Financial Data Entergy Corporation. Refer to information under the heading "ENTERGY CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES SELECTED FINANCIAL DATA - FIVE- YEAR COMPARISON." AP&L. Refer to information under the heading "ARKANSAS POWER & LIGHT COMPANY SELECTED FINANCIAL DATA - FIVE-YEAR COMPARISON." GSU. Refer to information under the heading "GULF STATES UTILITIES COMPANY SELECTED FINANCIAL DATA - FIVE-YEAR COMPARISON." LP&L. Refer to information under the heading "LOUISIANA POWER & LIGHT COMPANY SELECTED FINANCIAL DATA - FIVE-YEAR COMPARISON." MP&L. Refer to information under the heading "MISSISSIPPI POWER & LIGHT COMPANY SELECTED FINANCIAL DATA - FIVE-YEAR COMPARISON." NOPSI. Refer to information under the heading "NEW ORLEANS PUBLIC SERVICE INC. SELECTED FINANCIAL DATA - FIVE-YEAR COMPARISON." System Energy. Refer to information under the heading "SYSTEM ENERGY RESOURCES, INC. SELECTED FINANCIAL DATA - FIVE-YEAR COMPARISON." Item 7. Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations Entergy Corporation and Subsidiaries. Refer to information under the heading "ENTERGY CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES MANAGEMENT'S FINANCIAL DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS - LIQUIDITY AND CAPITAL RESOURCES," " - - - - - SIGNIFICANT FACTORS AND KNOWN TRENDS," and "- RESULTS OF OPERATIONS." AP&L. Refer to information under the heading "ARKANSAS POWER & LIGHT COMPANY MANAGEMENT'S FINANCIAL DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS - RESULTS OF OPERATIONS." GSU. Refer to information under the heading "GULF STATES UTILITIES COMPANY MANAGEMENT'S FINANCIAL DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS - RESULTS OF OPERATIONS." LP&L. Refer to information under the heading "LOUISIANA POWER & LIGHT COMPANY MANAGEMENT'S FINANCIAL DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS - RESULTS OF OPERATIONS." MP&L. Refer to information under the heading "MISSISSIPPI POWER & LIGHT COMPANY MANAGEMENT'S FINANCIAL DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS - RESULTS OF OPERATIONS." NOPSI. Refer to information under the heading "NEW ORLEANS PUBLIC SERVICE INC. MANAGEMENT'S FINANCIAL DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS - RESULTS OF OPERATIONS." System Energy. Refer to information under the heading "SYSTEM ENERGY RESOURCES, INC. MANAGEMENT'S FINANCIAL DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS - RESULTS OF OPERATIONS." Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data. INDEX TO FINANCIAL STATEMENTS Entergy Corporation and Subsidiaries: Report of Management 44 Audit Committee Chairperson's Letter 45 Management's Financial Discussion and Analysis for Entergy 46 Corporation and Subsidiaries Report of Independent Accountants for Entergy Corporation 55 and Subsidiaries Independent Auditors' Report for Entergy Corporation and 56 Subsidiaries Management's Financial Discussion and Analysis for Entergy 57 Corporation and Subsidiaries Statements of Consolidated Income For the Years Ended December 31, 1995, 1994, and 1993 for Entergy Corporation and 59 Subsidiaries Statements of Consolidated Cash Flows For the Years Ended December 31, 1995, 1994, and 1993 for Entergy Corporation and 60 Subsidiaries Balance Sheets, December 31, 1995 and 1994 for Entergy 62 Corporation and Subsidiaries Statements of Consolidated Retained Earnings and Paid-In Capital for the Years Ended December 31, 1995, 1994, and 1993 64 for Entergy Corporation and Subsidiaries Selected Financial Data - Five-Year Comparison for Entergy 65 Corporation and Subsidiaries Report of Independent Accountants for Arkansas Power & Light 66 Company Independent Auditors' Report for Arkansas Power & Light 67 Company Management's Financial Discussion and Analysis for Arkansas 68 Power & Light Company Statements of Income For the Years Ended December 31, 1995, 1994, and 1993 for Arkansas Power & Light Company 70 Statements of Cash Flows For the Years Ended December 31, 1995, 1994, and 1993 for Arkansas Power & Light Company 71 Balance Sheets, December 31, 1995 and 1994 for Arkansas 72 Power & Light Company Statements of Retained Earnings for the Years Ended December 31, 1995, 1994, and 1993 for Arkansas Power & Light Company 74 Selected Financial Data - Five-Year Comparison for Arkansas 75 Power & Light Company Report of Independent Accountants for Gulf States Utilities 76 Company Management's Financial Discussion and Analysis for Gulf 78 States Utilities Company Statements of Income For the Years Ended December 31, 1995, 1994, and 1993 for Gulf States Utilities Company 80 Statements of Cash Flows For the Years Ended December 31, 1995, 1994, and 1993 for Gulf States Utilities Company 81 Balance Sheets, December 31, 1995 and 1994 for Gulf States 82 Utilities Company Statements of Retained Earnings and Paid-In Capital for the Years Ended December 31, 1995, 1994, and 1993 for Gulf States 84 Utilities Company Selected Financial Data - Five-Year Comparison for Gulf 85 States Utilities Company Report of Independent Accountants for Louisiana Power & 86 Light Company Independent Auditors' Report for Louisiana Power & Light 87 Company Management's Financial Discussion and Analysis for Louisiana 88 Power & Light Company Statements of Income For the Years Ended December 31, 1995, 1994, and 1993 for Louisiana Power & Light Company 90 Statements of Cash Flows For the Years Ended December 31, 1995, 1994, and 1993 for Louisiana Power & Light Company 91 Balance Sheets, December 31, 1995 and 1994 for Louisiana 92 Power & Light Company Statements of Retained Earnings for the Years Ended December 31, 1995, 1994, and 1993 for Louisiana Power & Light Company 94 Selected Financial Data - Five-Year Comparison for Louisiana 95 Power & Light Company Report of Independent Accountants for Mississippi Power & 96 Light Company Independent Auditors' Report for Mississippi Power & Light 97 Company Management's Financial Discussion and Analysis for 98 Mississippi Power & Light Company Statements of Income For the Years Ended December 31, 1995, 1994, and 1993 for Mississippi Power & Light Company 100 Statements of Cash Flows For the Years Ended December 31, 1995, 1994, and 1993 for Mississippi Power & Light Company 101 Balance Sheets, December 31, 1995 and 1994 for Mississippi 102 Power & Light Company Statements of Retained Earnings for the Years Ended December 31, 1995, 1994, and 1993 for Mississippi Power & Light Company 104 Selected Financial Data - Five-Year Comparison for 105 Mississippi Power & Light Company Report of Independent Accountants for New Orleans Public 106 Service Inc. Independent Auditors' Report for New Orleans Public Service 107 Inc. Management's Financial Discussion and Analysis for New 108 Orleans Public Service Inc. Statements of Income For the Years Ended December 31, 1995, 1994, and 1993 for New Orleans Public Service Inc. 110 Statements of Cash Flows For the Years Ended December 31, 1995, 1994, and 1993 for New Orleans Public Service Inc. 111 Balance Sheets, December 31, 1995 and 1994 for New Orleans 112 Public Service Inc. Statements of Retained Earnings for the Years Ended December 31, 1995, 1994, and 1993 for New Orleans Public Service Inc. 114 Selected Financial Data - Five-Year Comparison for New 115 Orleans Public Service Inc. Report of Independent Accountants for System Energy 116 Resources, Inc. Independent Auditors' Report for System Energy Resources, 117 Inc. Management's Financial Discussion and Analysis for System 119 Energy Resources, Inc. Statements of Income For the Years Ended December 31, 1995, 1994, and 1993 for System Energy Resources, Inc. 120 Statements of Cash Flows For the Years Ended December 31, 1995, 1994, and 1993 for System Energy Resources, Inc. 121 Balance Sheets, December 31, 1995 and 1994 for System Energy 122 Resources, Inc. Statements of Retained Earnings for the Years Ended December 31, 1995, 1994, and 1993 for System Energy Resources, Inc. 124 Selected Financial Data - Five-Year Comparison for System 125 Energy Resources, Inc.. Notes to Financial Statements for Entergy Corporation and 126 Subsidiaries ENTERGY CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES REPORT OF MANAGEMENT The management of Entergy Corporation and Subsidiaries has prepared and is responsible for the financial statements and related financial information included herein. The financial statements are based on generally accepted accounting principles. Financial information included elsewhere in this report is consistent with the financial statements. To meet its responsibilities with respect to financial information, management maintains and enforces a system of internal accounting controls that is designed to provide reasonable assurance, on a cost-effective basis, as to the integrity, objectivity, and reliability of the financial records, and as to the protection of assets. This system includes communication through written policies and procedures, an employee Code of Conduct, and an organizational structure that provides for appropriate division of responsibility and the training of personnel. This system is also tested by a comprehensive internal audit program. The independent public accountants provide an objective assessment of the degree to which management meets its responsibility for fairness of financial reporting. They regularly evaluate the system of internal accounting controls and perform such tests and other procedures as they deem necessary to reach and express an opinion on the fairness of the financial statements. Management believes that these policies and procedures provide reasonable assurance that its operations are carried out with a high standard of business conduct. /s/Ed Lupberger /s/Gerald D. McInvale ED LUPBERGER GERALD D. MCINVALE Chairman, President, and Chief Executive Vice President and Executive Officer of Entergy Chief Financial Officer Corporation, AP&L, GSU, LP&L, MP&L and NOPSI /s/Donald C. Hintz DONALD C. HINTZ President and Chief Executive Officer of System Energy ENTERGY CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES AUDIT COMMITTEE CHAIRPERSON'S LETTER The Entergy Corporation Board of Directors' Audit Committee is comprised of four directors who are not officers of Entergy Corporation: Lucie J. Fjeldstad, Chairperson, Dr. Norman C. Francis, James R. Nichols, and H. Duke Shackelford. The committee held four meetings during 1995. The Audit Committee oversees Entergy Corporation's financial reporting process on behalf of the Board of Directors and provides reasonable assurance to the Board that sufficient operating, accounting, and financial controls are in existence and are adequately reviewed by programs of internal and external audits. The Audit Committee discussed with Entergy's internal auditors and the independent public accountants (Coopers & Lybrand L.L.P.) the overall scope and specific plans for their respective audits, as well as Entergy Corporation's financial statements and the adequacy of Entergy Corporation's internal controls. The committee met, together and separately, with Entergy's internal auditors and independent public accountants, without management present, to discuss the results of their audits, their evaluation of Entergy Corporation's internal controls, and the overall quality of Entergy Corporation's financial reporting. The meetings also were designed to facilitate and encourage private communication between the committee and the internal auditors and independent public accountants. /s/Lucie J. Fjeldstad LUCIE J. FJELDSTAD Chairperson, Audit Committee ENTERGY CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES MANAGEMENT'S FINANCIAL DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS LIQUIDITY AND CAPITAL RESOURCES Entergy, AP&L, GSU, LP&L, MP&L, NOPSI, and System Energy Cash Flows Entergy is involved in capital-intensive businesses, which require large investments in long-lived assets. While capital expenditures for the construction of new generating capacity are not currently planned, the System does require significant capital resources for the periodic maturity of debt and preferred stock, ongoing construction expenditures, and increasing investments in domestic and foreign energy- related businesses. Net cash flow from operations totaled $1.397 billion, $1.538 billion, and $1.074 billion in 1995, 1994, and 1993, respectively. Net cash flow from operations for the Operating Companies and System Energy was as follows:
1995 1994 1993 --------- --------- --------- (In Millions) AP&L $ 338 $ 356 $ 346 GSU $ 401 $ 326 $ 255 LP&L $ 385 $ 368 $ 300 MP&L $ 185 $ 195 $ 149 NOPSI $ 99 $ 39 $ 70 System Energy $ 96 $ 337 $ 318
In 1995, AP&L's net cash flow from operations decreased because of increases in customer accounts receivables due to increased 1995 sales and the replenishment of coal inventory which was depleted in 1994. This decrease was partially offset by lower other operation and maintenance expense. GSU's net cash flow from operations increased in 1995 due to higher revenues and lower operation and maintenance expenses. This increase was partially offset by a Texas retail rate refund, recorded in 1994 and paid in 1995. LP&L's net cash flow from operations increased in 1995 as a result of lower operation and maintenance expenses partially offset by a rate reduction in April 1995. MP&L's net cash flow from operations decreased in 1995 because of increased accounts receivable balances due to increased 1995 sales, partially offset by lower other operation and maintenance expenses. NOPSI's net cash flow from operations was higher in 1995 than 1994 because refunds that were made in 1994 as a result of the NOPSI settlement did not impact 1995 cash flow. Lower operation and maintenance expenses in 1995 for NOPSI also contributed to the increase. System Energy's net cash flow from operations decreased in 1995 due to refunds made to associated companies in 1995 as the result of a 1994 FERC audit settlement, and higher income tax payments in 1995. Financing Sources In recent years, cash flows of the Operating Companies, supplemented by cash on hand, have been sufficient to meet substantially all investing and financing requirements, including capital expenditures, dividends and debt/preferred stock maturities. Entergy's ability to fund these capital requirements with cash from operations results, in part, from continued efforts to streamline operations and reduce costs, as well as from collections under rate phase-in plans that exceed current cash requirements for the related costs. (In the income statement, these revenue collections are offset by the amortization of previously deferred costs; therefore, there is no effect on net income.) These phase-in plans will continue to contribute to Entergy's cash position for the next several years. Specifically, the Grand Gulf 1 phase-in plans will expire in 1998 for AP&L and MP&L, and in 2001 for NOPSI. ENTERGY CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES MANAGEMENT'S FINANCIAL DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS LIQUIDITY AND CAPITAL RESOURCES GSU's phase-in plan for River Bend will expire in 1998, and LP&L's phase-in plan for Waterford 3 expires in 1996. In addition, the Operating Companies and System Energy have the ability to meet future capital requirements through future debt or preferred stock issuances, as discussed below. Also, to the extent current market interest and dividend rates allow, the Operating Companies and System Energy may continue to refinance high-cost debt and preferred stock prior to maturity. See Notes 5, 6, and 8 for additional information on the System's capital and refinancing requirements in 1996 - 2000. Entergy Corporation periodically reviews its capital structure to determine its future needs for debt and equity financing. Certain agreements and restrictions limit the amount of mortgage bonds and preferred stock that can be issued by the Operating Companies and System Energy. Based on the most restrictive applicable tests as of December 31, 1995, and assumed annual interest or dividend rates of 8.25% for bonds and 8.50% for preferred stock, each of the Operating Companies and System Energy could have issued mortgage bonds or preferred stock in the following amounts:
Mortgage Preferred Company Bonds Stock (In Millions) AP&L $ 307 $ 553 GSU $ 824 (a) LP&L $ 106 $ 829 MP&L $ 256 $ 269 NOPSI $ 55 $ 187 System Energy $ 137 (b)
(a) GSU was precluded from issuing preferred stock at December 31, 1995. (b) System Energy's charter does not presently provide for the issuance of preferred stock. In addition to these amounts, the Operating Companies and System Energy have the ability, subject to certain conditions, to issue bonds against retired bonds. Such amounts may be significant in some instances, and, in some cases, no earnings coverage test is required. AP&L may also issue preferred stock to refund outstanding preferred stock without meeting an earnings coverage test. GSU has no earnings coverage limitations on the issuance of preference stock. In January of 1996, the Boards of Directors of AP&L and LP&L authorized the officers of those companies to deposit cash with the trustees under their respective first mortgage indentures to satisfy the annual maintenance and replacement fund requirements thereunder, and to require the trustees to use such cash to redeem all or a part of certain series of first mortgage bonds at par as permitted by the respective first mortgage indentures. See Notes 5 and 6 for long-term debt and preferred stock issuances and retirements. See Note 4 for information on the System's short-term borrowings. ENTERGY CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES MANAGEMENT'S FINANCIAL DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS LIQUIDITY AND CAPITAL RESOURCES Financing Requirements Productive investment by Entergy Corporation is necessary to enhance the long-term value of its common stock. Entergy Corporation has been expanding its investments in nonregulated business opportunities overseas as well as in the United States. Through the end of 1995, Entergy Corporation had participated in foreign non regulated electric ventures in Pakistan, Argentina, and Peru. As of December 31, 1995, Entergy Corporation had invested $555.5 million in equity capital (reduced by $169 million of accumulated losses) in nonregulated businesses. See Note 15 for a discussion of Entergy Corporation's acquisition of CitiPower on January 5, 1996. In addition to investing in nonregulated businesses, Entergy Corporation's capital requirements include periodically investing in, or making loans to, its subsidiaries, and sustaining its dividends. To meet such capital requirements, Entergy Corporation will utilize internally generated funds, cash on hand, and the $70 million remaining on its $300 million credit facility ($230 million of this credit facility was used for the CitiPower acquisition). Entergy Corporation receives funds through dividend payments from its subsidiaries. During 1995, such common stock dividend payments from subsidiaries totaled $565.6 million, none of which was contributed by GSU. Entergy Corporation, in turn, paid $408.6 million of dividends on its common stock. Declarations of dividends on common stock are made at the discretion of Entergy Corporation's Board of Directors. It is anticipated that management will not recommend future dividend increases to the Board unless such increases are justified by sustained earnings growth of Entergy Corporation and its subsidiaries. See Note 7 for information on dividend restrictions. Entergy Corporation and GSU See Notes 2 and 8 regarding River Bend rate appeals and litigation with Cajun. Adverse rulings in the River Bend rate appeal could result in approximately $289 million of potential write-offs (net of tax) and $182 million in refunds of previously collected revenue. Such write- offs and charges, as well as the application of SFAS 121 (see Note 1), could result in substantial net losses being reported in the future by Entergy Corporation and GSU, with resulting adverse adjustments to common equity of Entergy Corporation and GSU. Adverse resolution of these matters could adversely affect GSU's ability to obtain financing, which could in turn affect GSU's liquidity and ability to pay dividends. Although Entergy Corporation's common shareholders experienced some dilution in earnings as a result of the Merger, Entergy believes that the Merger will ultimately be beneficial to common shareholders in terms of strategic benefits as well as economies and efficiencies produced. Entergy Corporation and System Energy Under the Capital Funds Agreement, Entergy Corporation has agreed to supply to System Energy sufficient capital to maintain System Energy's equity capital at a minimum of 35% of its total capitalization (excluding short-term debt), to permit the continued commercial operation of Grand Gulf 1, and to pay in full all indebtedness for borrowed money of System Energy when due under any circumstances. In addition, under supplements to the Capital Funds Agreement assigning System Energy's rights as security for specific debt of System Energy, Entergy Corporation has agreed to make cash capital contributions, if required, to enable System Energy to make payments on such debt when due. The Capital Funds Agreement can be terminated by the parties thereto, subject to consent of certain creditors. ENTERGY CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES MANAGEMENT'S FINANCIAL DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS SIGNIFICANT FACTORS AND KNOWN TRENDS Competition and Industry Challenges Electric utilities traditionally have operated as regulated monopolies in which there was little opportunity for direct competition in the provision of electric service. In return for the ability to receive a reasonable return on and of their investments, utilities were obligated to provide service and meet future customer requirements. However, the electric utility industry is now undergoing a transition to an environment of increased retail and wholesale competition. Pressures that underlie the movement toward increasing competition are numerous and complex. They include legislative and regulatory changes, technological advances, consumer demands, greater availability of natural gas, environmental needs, and other factors. The increasingly competitive environment presents opportunities to compete for new customers, as well as the risk of loss of existing customers. Competition presents Entergy with many challenges. The following have been identified by Entergy as its major competitive challenges. The Energy Policy Act of 1992 The EPAct addresses a wide range of energy issues and is being implemented by both FERC and state regulators. The EPAct is designed to promote competition among utility and non utility generators by amending PUHCA to exempt from regulation a class of EWGs, among others, consisting of utility affiliates and non utilities that own and operate facilities for the generation and transmission of power for sale at wholesale. The EPAct also gave FERC the authority to order investor- owned utilities to transmit power and energy to or for wholesale purchasers and sellers. This creates potential for electric utilities and other power producers to gain increased access to the transmission systems of other utilities to facilitate wholesale sales. In response to the EPAct, FERC issued a notice of proposed rulemaking in mid-1994. This rulemaking concerns a regulatory framework for dealing with recovery of costs that were prudently incurred by electric utilities to serve customers under the traditional regulatory framework. These costs may become "stranded" as a result of increased competition. On March 29, 1995, FERC issued a supplemental notice of proposed rulemaking in this proceeding that would require public utilities to provide nondiscriminatory open access transmission service to wholesale customers and would also provide guidance on the recovery of wholesale and retail stranded costs. The risk of exposure to stranded costs that may result from competition in the industry will depend on the extent and timing of retail competition, the resolution of jurisdictional issues concerning stranded cost recovery, and the extent to which such costs are recovered from departing or remaining customers. With regard to pending proceedings, including Entergy's open access transmission tariff proceedings originally filed in 1991 and amended in 1994 and 1995, FERC directed the parties to proceed with their cases while taking into account FERC's proposed rule. Comments and reply comments on the proposed rulemaking have now been filed with FERC by interested parties. Certain of the parties filing comments have proposed that FERC should order the immediate unbundling of all retail services as part of the final rulemaking in this proceeding, which is expected in the second quarter of 1996. In its comments in the proposed rulemaking, Entergy urged FERC to exercise its authority and responsibility to serve as a "backstop" in the event a state is unable or unwilling to provide for stranded-cost recovery -- particularly in the case of multi state utilities (such as the System), where cost shifting among jurisdictions might otherwise occur. ENTERGY CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES MANAGEMENT'S FINANCIAL DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS SIGNIFICANT FACTORS AND KNOWN TRENDS Retail and Wholesale Rate Issues The retail regulatory philosophy is shifting in some jurisdictions from traditional cost-of-service regulation to incentive-rate regulation. Incentive and performance-based rate plans encourage efficiencies and productivity while permitting utilities and their customers to share in the results. MP&L implemented an incentive-rate plan in March 1994 and, in June 1995, the LPSC implemented a performance-based formula rate plan for LP&L. The continuing pattern of rate reductions is a characteristic of the competitive environment in which Entergy operates. Several of the Operating Companies have recently been ordered to grant base rate reductions and have refunded or credited customers for previous overcollections of rates. See Note 2 for additional discussion of rate reductions and incentive-rate regulation. In connection with the Merger, AP&L and MP&L agreed with their respective retail regulators not to request any general retail rate increases that would take effect before November 1998, with certain exceptions. MP&L also agreed that during this period retail base rates under its formula rate plan would not be increased above the level of rates in effect on November 1, 1993. In connection with the Merger, NOPSI agreed with the Council to reduce its annual electric base rates by $4.8 million, effective for bills rendered on or after November 1, 1993. GSU agreed with the LPSC and PUCT to a five-year Rate Cap on retail electric rates, and to pass through to retail customers the fuel savings and a certain percentage of the nonfuel savings created by the Merger. Under the terms of their respective Merger agreements, the LPSC and PUCT have reviewed GSU's base rates during the first post-Merger earnings analysis and ordered rate reductions. See Note 2 for additional discussion of GSU's post-Merger filings with the LPSC and the PUCT. System Energy implemented a $65.5 million rate increase, subject to refund, in December 1995. Potential Changes in the Electric Utility Industry Retail wheeling, the transmission by an electric utility of energy produced by another entity over the utility's transmission and distribution system to a retail customer in the electric utility's area of service, continues to evolve. Approximately 40 states have initiated studies of the concept of retail competition or are considering it as part of industry restructuring. Within the area served by the Operating Companies, the City of New Orleans, Louisiana, and Texas are conducting such studies. In January 1996, the Council voted to investigate retail utility service competition. Although no date has been set, the investigation will focus on the impact of competition, service unbundling, and utility restructuring on consumers of retail electric and gas utility service in New Orleans. Earlier in 1995, a newly incorporated entity, Crescent City Utilities, Inc., submitted to the Council a draft resolution intended to permit the use of NOPSI's gas and electric transmission and distribution facilities by any other franchised utility to supply electricity and gas to retail customers in New Orleans. The Council has not scheduled hearings relating to this resolution. ENTERGY CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES MANAGEMENT'S FINANCIAL DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS SIGNIFICANT FACTORS AND KNOWN TRENDS The PUCT is currently developing rules that will permit greater wholesale electric competition in Texas, as mandated by the Texas legislature in its 1995 session. These wholesale transmission access rules are expected to be in place by the first quarter of 1996. In addition, the PUCT is developing information to be contained in reports that will be submitted to the 1997 legislature concerning broader competitive issues such as the unbundling of electric utility operations, market-based pricing, performance-based ratemaking, and the identification and recovery of potential stranded costs as part of the transition to a more competitive electric industry environment. This information will be developed through a series of workshops and comments by interested parties throughout 1996. In addition, during 1995, the Texas legislature revised the Public Utility Regulatory Act, the law regulating electric utilities in Texas. The revised law permits utility and non utility EWGs and power marketers to sell wholesale power in the state. The revised law also permits the discounting of rates with certain conditions, but does not change the current law governing retail wheeling or the treatment of federal income taxes. During the second quarter of 1995, the Louisiana legislature considered a bill permitting local retail wheeling. The bill was defeated, but similar bills are likely to be introduced in the future. During the same time period, the LPSC initiated a generic docket to investigate retail, wholesale, and affiliate wheeling of electricity. Currently, no procedural schedule has been set for this docket. During January 1996, a bill entitled the "Electric Power Competition Act of 1996" was introduced into the United States House of Representatives. The bill proposes to amend certain provisions under PURPA for the purpose of facilitating future deregulation of the electric power industry. In some areas of the country, municipalities (or comparable entities) whose residents are served at retail by an investor-owned utility pursuant to a franchise, are exploring the possibility of establishing new electric distribution systems, or extending existing ones. In some cases, municipalities are also seeking new delivery points in order to serve retail customers, especially large industrial customers, which currently receive service from an investor-owned utility. Where successful, however, the establishment of a municipal system or the acquisition by a municipal system of a utility's customers could result in the utility's inability to recover costs that it has incurred for the purpose of serving those customers. Significant Industrial Cogeneration Effects Many of Entergy's industrial customers, whose costs structures are energy-sensitive, have energy alternatives available to them such as fuel switching, cogeneration, and production shifting. Cogeneration is generally defined as the combined production of electricity and some other useful form of heat, typically steam. Cogenerated power may either be sold by its producer to the local utility at its avoided cost under PURPA, and/or utilized by the cogenerator to displace purchases from the utility. To the extent that cogeneration is used by industrial customers to meet their own power requirements, the System may suffer loss of industrial load. It is the practice of the Operating Companies to negotiate the renewal of contracts with large industrial customers prior to their expiration. In certain cases (particularly for GSU and LP&L), contracts or special tariffs that use flexible pricing have been negotiated with industrial customers to keep these customers on the System. The pricing agreements are not at full cost of service. Such rates may fully recover all related costs, but provide only a minimal return, if any, on investment. In 1995, KWh sales to GSU's and LP&L's industrial customers at less than full cost- of-service rates made up approximately 27% and 39% of GSU's and LP&L's total industrial class sales, respectively. ENTERGY CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES MANAGEMENT'S FINANCIAL DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS SIGNIFICANT FACTORS AND KNOWN TRENDS Since PURPA was enacted in 1978, the Operating Companies have been largely successful in retaining industrial load. The Operating Companies anticipate they will be successful in renegotiating such contracts with large industrial customers. However, this competitive challenge will likely increase. There can be no assurance that the Operating Companies will be successful or that future revenues will not be lost to other forms of generation. The Council has recently approved a resolution requiring its prior approval of regulatory treatment of any lost contribution to fixed costs as a result of incentive-rate agreements with large industrial or commercial customers entered into for the purposes of retaining those customers. The resolution also requires prior approval by the Council of the regulatory treatment of stranded costs resulting from the loss of large customers. During 1995, LP&L received separate notices from two large industrial customers that will proceed with proposed cogeneration projects for the purpose of fulfilling their future electric energy needs. These customers will continue to purchase their energy requirements from LP&L until their cogeneration facilities are completed and operational, which is expected to occur between the years 1997 and 1998. After that time these customers will still purchase energy from LP&L, but at a reduced level. During 1995, these two customers represented an aggregate of approximately 18% of total LP&L industrial sales, and provided 12% of total industrial base revenues. Domestic and Foreign Energy-Related Investments Entergy Corporation seeks opportunities to expand its domestic energy-related businesses that are not regulated by state and local regulatory authorities, as well as foreign power investments that provide returns in excess of similar domestic investments. Such business ventures currently include power development and new technology related to the utility business. Entergy Corporation's strategy is to identify and pursue business opportunities that have the potential to earn a greater return than its regulated utility operations. Refer to "MANAGEMENT'S FINANCIAL DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS - LIQUIDITY AND CAPITAL RESOURCES" for a discussion of Entergy Corporation's 1995 investment in domestic and foreign energy-related businesses. These investments may involve a greater risk than domestically regulated utility enterprises. In 1995, Entergy Corporation's investments in domestic and foreign energy-related investments reduced consolidated net income by approximately $64.8 million. While such investments did not have a positive effect on 1995 earnings, management believes they will show profits in the near term. In an effort to expand into new energy-related businesses, Entergy plans to commercialize its fiber optic telecommunications network that connects system facilities and supports its internal business needs. Entergy will provide long-haul fiber optic capacity to major telecommunications carriers, which in turn will market that service to third parties. The recently enacted Telecommunications Act of 1996 permits Entergy to market such a service, pending state and local regulatory approval. On February 8, 1996, the President of the United States signed the Telecommunications Act into law. This new law contains an exemption from PUHCA that will permit registered utility holding companies to form and capitalize subsidiaries to engage in telephone, telecommunications, and information service businesses without SEC approval. However, the law requires that such telecommunications subsidiaries file for exemption with the Federal Communications Commission, and that they not engage in transactions with utility affiliates within their holding company systems or acquire utility affiliates' property without state or local regulatory approval. Entergy Corporation has requested approval from the SEC to form a new nonregulated subsidiary named Entergy Technologies Company to commercialize the Entergy telecommunications network. ENTERGY CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES MANAGEMENT'S FINANCIAL DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS SIGNIFICANT FACTORS AND KNOWN TRENDS In early October 1995, FERC issued an order granting EWG status to Entergy Power Marketing Corporation (EPM), a wholly owned subsidiary of Entergy Corporation. EPM was created during 1995 to become a buyer and seller of electrical energy and its generating fuels. In February 1996, FERC approved market-based rate sales of electricity by EPM. Such approval will allow EPM to begin providing wholesale customers with a variety of services including physical and financial trading. Pending approval from the SEC, EPM expects to begin financial trading by the summer of 1996. On January 5, 1996, Entergy Corporation finalized its acquisition of CitiPower, an electric distribution company serving Melbourne, Australia, and surrounding suburbs. The purchase price of CitiPower was approximately $1.2 billion, of which $294 million represented an equity investment by Entergy Corporation, and the remainder represented debt. Entergy Corporation funded the majority of the equity portion of the investment by using $230 million of its $300 million line of credit. CitiPower serves approximately 234,500 customers, the majority of which are commercial customers. At the time of the acquisition, CitiPower had 846 employees. ANO Matters Entergy Operations has made inspections and repairs from time to time on ANO 2's steam generators. During the October 1995 inspection, additional cracks in the tubes were discovered. Currently, Entergy Operations is in the process of gathering information and assessing various options for the repair or replacement of ANO 2's steam generators. See Note 8 for additional information. Deregulated Utility Operations GSU discontinued regulatory accounting principles for its wholesale jurisdiction and steam department and the Louisiana deregulated portion of River Bend during 1989 and 1991, respectively. The operating income (loss) from these operations was $7.2 million in 1995, $(5.2) million in 1994, and $(2.9) million in 1993. The increase in 1995 net income from deregulated operations was due to increased revenues and reduced operation and maintenance expenses, partially offset by increased depreciation. The larger net loss from deregulated operations in 1994 was principally due to a smaller income tax benefit. The future impact of the deregulated utility operations on Entergy and GSU's results of operations and financial position will depend on future operating costs, the efficiency and availability of generating units, and the future market for energy over the remaining life of the assets. Entergy expects the performance of its deregulated utility operations to improve, due to continued reductions in operation and maintenance expenses. The deregulated operations will be subject to the requirements of SFAS 121, as discussed in Note 1, in determining the recognition of any asset impairment. Property Tax Exemptions LP&L and GSU are working with tax authorities to determine the method for calculating the amount of property taxes to be paid once Waterford 3 and River Bend's local property tax exemptions expire. Waterford 3's exemption expired in December 1995 and River Bend's exemption expires in December 1996. LP&L expects that the LPSC will address the accounting treatment and recovery of Waterford 3's property taxes in April 1996, in conjunction with the annual filing required under its performance-based formula rate plan. ENTERGY CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES MANAGEMENT'S FINANCIAL DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS SIGNIFICANT FACTORS AND KNOWN TRENDS Environmental Issues GSU has been notified by the U. S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) that it has been designated as a PRP for the clean-up of certain hazardous waste disposal sites. See Note 8 for additional information. As a consequence of rules for solid waste regulation issued by the Louisiana Department of Environmental Quality in 1993, LP&L has determined that certain of its power plant wastewater impoundments must be upgraded or closed. See Note 8 for additional information. Accounting Issues New Accounting Standard - In March 1995, the FASB issued SFAS 121, "Accounting for the Impairment of Long-Lived Assets and for Long-Lived Assets to Be Disposed Of" (SFAS 121), effective January 1, 1996. This standard describes circumstances that may result in assets being impaired and provides criteria for recognition and measurement of asset impairment. See Notes 1 and 2 for information regarding the potential impacts of the new accounting standard on Entergy. Continued Application of SFAS 71 - As a result of the EPAct and actions of regulatory commissions, the electric utility industry is moving toward a combination of competition and a modified regulatory environment. The System's financial statements currently reflect, for the most part, assets and costs based on current cost-based ratemaking regulations in accordance with SFAS 71, "Accounting for the Effects of Certain Types of Regulation" (SFAS 71). Continued applicability of SFAS 71 to the System's financial statements requires that rates set by an independent regulator on a cost-of-service basis can actually be charged to and collected from customers. In the event that all or a portion of a utility's operations cease to meet those criteria for various reasons, including deregulation, a change in the method of regulation, or a change in the competitive environment for the utility's regulated services, the utility should discontinue application of SFAS 71 for the relevant portion. That discontinuation should be reported by elimination from the balance sheet of the effects of any actions of regulators recorded as regulatory assets and liabilities. As of December 31, 1995, and for the foreseeable future, the System's financial statements continue to follow SFAS 71, except for certain portions of GSU's business. See Note 1 for additional discussion of Entergy's application of SFAS 71. Accounting for Decommissioning Costs - The staff of the SEC has been reviewing the financial accounting practices of the electric utility industry regarding the recognition, measurement, and classification of nuclear decommissioning costs for nuclear generating stations in the financial statements of electric utilities. In February 1996 the FASB issued an exposure draft of the proposed SFAS addressing the accounting for decommissioning costs as well as liabilities related to the closure and removal of all long-lived assets. See Note 8 for a discussion of proposed changes in the accounting for decommissioning/closure costs and the potential impact of these changes on Entergy. REPORT OF INDEPENDENT ACCOUNTANTS To the Board of Directors and Shareholders of Entergy Corporation We have audited the accompanying consolidated balance sheets of Entergy Corporation and Subsidiaries as of December 31, 1995 and 1994, and the related statements of consolidated income, retained earnings and paid-in-capital and cash flows for the years then ended. These financial statements are the responsibility of the Corporation's management. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on these financial statements based on our audits. The consolidated financial statements of Entergy Corporation and Subsidiaries for the year ended December 31, 1993, were audited by other auditors, whose report, dated February 11, 1994, included explanatory paragraphs that (i) described changes in 1993 in the method of accounting for revenues by certain of the Corporation's subsidiaries (Note 1); (ii) uncertainties regarding costs capitalized by Gulf States Utilities Company for its River Bend Unit I Nuclear Generating Plant (River Bend) and other rate-related contingencies which may result in a refund of revenues previously collected (Note 2); and, (iii) an uncertainty regarding civil actions against Gulf States Utilities Company (Note 8). We conducted our audits in accordance with generally accepted auditing standards. Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the financial statements are free of material misstatement. An audit includes examining, on a test basis, evidence supporting the amounts and disclosures in the financial statements. An audit also includes assessing the accounting principles used and significant estimates made by management, as well as evaluating the overall financial statement presentation. We believe that our audits provide a reasonable basis for our opinion. In our opinion, the consolidated financial statements referred to above present fairly, in all material respects, the financial position of Entergy Corporation and Subsidiaries as of December 31, 1995 and 1994, and the results of their operations and their cash flows for the years then ended in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles. As discussed in Note 2 to the consolidated financial statements, the net amount of capitalized costs for River Bend exceed those costs currently being recovered through rates. At December 31, 1995, approximately $482 million is not currently being recovered through rates. If current regulatory and court orders are not modified, a write-off of all or a portion of such costs may be required. Additionally, other rate-related contingencies exist which may result in refunds of revenues previously collected. The extent of such write- off of capitalized River Bend costs or refunds of revenues previously collected, if any, will not be determined until appropriate rate proceedings and court appeals have been concluded. Accordingly, the accompanying consolidated financial statements do not include any adjustments or provision for write-off or refund that might result from the outcome of these uncertainties. As also discussed in Note 2, approximately $187 million of additional deferred River Bend operating costs which exceed those costs currently being recovered through rates are expected to be written-off upon the adoption of Statement of Financial Accounting Standards No. 121, "Accounting for the Impairment of Long-Lived Assets and for Long-Lived Assets to Be Disposed Of." Adoption of this Statement is required on January 1, 1996. As discussed in Note 8 to the consolidated financial statements, civil actions have been initiated against Gulf States Utilities Company to, among other things, recover the co-owner's investment in River Bend and to annul the River Bend Joint Ownership Participation and Operating Agreement. The ultimate outcome of these proceedings cannot presently be determined. As discussed in Note 1 to the consolidated financial statements, in 1995 one of the Corporation's subsidiaries changed its method of accounting for incremental nuclear plant outage maintenance costs. COOPERS & LYBRAND L.L.P. New Orleans, Louisiana February 14, 1996 INDEPENDENT AUDITORS' REPORT To the Board of the Directors and the Shareholders of Entergy Corporation: We have audited the accompanying statements of consolidated income, retained earnings and paid-in capital, and cash flows of Entergy Corporation and subsidiaries for the year ended December 31, 1993. These financial statements are the responsibility of the Corporation's management. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on these financial statements based on our audit. We did not audit the financial statements of Gulf States Utilities Company (a consolidated subsidiary acquired on December 31, 1993), which statements reflect total assets constituting 31% of consolidated total assets at December 31, 1993. Those statements were audited by other auditors whose report (which included explanatory paragraphs regarding the uncertainties discussed in the fourth and fifth paragraphs below) has been furnished to us, and our opinion, insofar as it relates to the amounts included for Gulf States Utilities Company, is based solely on the report of such auditors. We conducted our audit in accordance with generally accepted auditing standards. Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the financial statements are free of material misstatement. An audit includes examining, on a test basis, evidence supporting the amounts and disclosures in the financial statements. An audit also includes assessing the accounting principles used and significant estimates made by management, as well as evaluating the overall financial statement presentation. We believe that our audit and the report of the other auditors provide a reasonable basis for our opinion. In our opinion, based on our audit and the report of the other auditors, such consolidated financial statements present fairly, in all material respects, the results of Entergy Corporation and subsidiaries' operations and their cash flows for the year ended December 31, 1993 in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles. The Corporation acquired a 70% interest in River Bend Unit 1 Nuclear Generating Plant (River Bend) through its acquisition of Gulf States Utilities Company on December 31, 1993. As discussed in Note 2 to the consolidated financial statements, the net amount of capitalized costs for River Bend exceed those costs currently being recovered through rates. If current regulatory and court orders are not modified, a write-off of all or a portion of such costs may be required. Additionally, as discussed in Note 2 to the consolidated financial statements, other rate-related contingencies exist which may result in a refund of revenues previously collected. The extent of such write-off of capitalized River Bend costs or refund of revenue previously collected, if any, will not be determined until appropriate rate proceedings and court appeals have been concluded. Accordingly, the accompanying 1993 consolidated financial statements do not include any adjustments that might result from the outcome of these uncertainties. As discussed in Note 8 to the consolidated financial statements, civil actions have been initiated against Gulf States Utilities Company to, among other things, recover the co-owner's investment in River Bend and to annul the related joint ownership participation and operating agreement. The ultimate outcome of these proceedings, including their impact on Gulf States Utilities Company, cannot presently be determined. Accordingly, the accompanying 1993 consolidated financial statements do not include any adjustments that might result from the outcome of this uncertainty. As discussed in Note 1 to the consolidated financial statements, certain of the Corporation's subsidiaries changed their method of accounting for revenues in 1993. DELOITTE & TOUCHE LLP New Orleans, Louisiana February 11, 1994 ENTERGY CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES MANAGEMENT'S FINANCIAL DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS RESULTS OF OPERATIONS On December 31, 1993, GSU became a subsidiary of Entergy Corporation. In accordance with the purchase method of accounting, the results of operations for the twelve months ended December 31, 1993, of Entergy Corporation and Subsidiaries reported in its Statements of Consolidated Income and Cash Flows do not include GSU's results of operations. However, the following discussion is presented with GSU's 1993 results of operations included for comparative purposes. Net Income Consolidated net income increased in 1995 due primarily to increased electric operating revenues, decreased other operation and maintenance expenses, the onetime recording of the cumulative effect of the change in accounting method for incremental nuclear refueling outage maintenance costs at AP&L, and decreased interest expense, partially offset by increased income taxes and decreased miscellaneous income - net. Consolidated net income decreased in 1994 due primarily to the one time recording in 1993 of the cumulative effect of the change in accounting principle for unbilled revenues for AP&L, GSU, MP&L, and NOPSI, and a base-rate reduction ordered by the PUCT. In addition, net income was impacted by a decrease in revenues, increased Merger- related costs, certain restructuring costs, and decreased miscellaneous income - net, partially offset by a decrease in interest on long-term debt and preferred dividend requirements. Significant factors affecting the results of operations and causing variances between the years 1995 and 1994, and 1994 and 1993, are discussed under "Revenues and Sales," "Expenses," and "Other" below. Revenues and Sales See "SELECTED FINANCIAL DATA - FIVE-YEAR COMPARISON," following the notes, for information on operating revenues by source and KWh sales. The changes in electric operating revenues for the twelve months ended December 31, 1995, are as follows: Increase/ Description (Decrease) ----------------------- ------------ (In Millions) Change in base revenues $6.6 Rate riders 15.3 Fuel cost recovery (28.0) Sales volume/weather 141.3 Other revenue (including 4.3 unbilled) Sales for resale 49.5 System Energy-FERC Settlement 120.5 ------- Total $309.5 ======= ENTERGY CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES MANAGEMENT'S FINANCIAL DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS RESULTS OF OPERATIONS Electric operating revenues increased in 1995 as a result of an increase in retail energy sales, the effects of the 1994 FERC Settlement, and increased wholesale revenues, partially offset by rate reductions at GSU, LP&L, and NOPSI and lower fuel adjustment revenues. Warmer weather and non-weather related volume growth contributed equally to the increase in retail electric energy sales. The increase in sales for resale was primarily from increased energy sales outside of Entergy's service area. The increase in other revenues was due to the effects of the 1994 FERC Settlement and the 1994 NOPSI Settlement. Electric operating revenues decreased in 1994 due primarily to rate reductions at GSU, MP&L, and NOPSI, the effects of the 1994 NOPSI Settlement and the FERC Settlement, and decreased fuel adjustment revenues, partially offset by increased retail energy sales and increased collections of previously deferred Grand Gulf 1-related costs. Gas operating revenues decreased in 1995 because of a milder winter than in 1994, gas rate reductions agreed to in the 1994 NOPSI Settlement, and a lower unit price for gas purchased for resale. Gas operating revenues decreased slightly in 1994 as a result of lower weather-related sales. Expenses Operating expenses increased in 1995 due to increased income taxes related to higher pre-tax book income and the effects of the 1994 FERC Settlement. In addition, nuclear refueling outage expenses increased due to a 1995 refueling outage at Grand Gulf 1 and the adoption of the change in accounting method at AP&L. The increase in operating expenses was partially offset by a reduction in other operation and maintenance expenses. Other operation and maintenance expenses decreased primarily because of lower payroll-related expenses resulting from the restructuring program discussed in Note 11 and 1994 Merger-related costs. Operating expenses decreased in 1994 due primarily to decreased power purchases from nonassociated utilities and to changes in generation requirements for the Operating Companies, decreased nuclear refueling outage expenses as the result of Grand Gulf 1 outage expenses incurred in 1993, decreased income taxes due primarily to lower pre-tax book income, and the effects of the FERC Settlement. Interest charges decreased in 1995 and 1994 as a result of the retirement and refinancing of higher cost long-term debt. Preferred dividend requirements decreased in 1995 and 1994 due to stock redemption activities. Other Miscellaneous other income - net decreased in 1995 due primarily to expansion activities in nonregulated businesses. Miscellaneous other income - net decreased in 1994 due primarily to the amortization of the plant acquisition adjustment related to the GSU Merger, the adoption of SFAS 116, "Accounting for Contributions Made and Contributions Received," and reduced Grand Gulf 1 carrying charges at AP&L. ENTERGY CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES STATEMENTS OF CONSOLIDATED INCOME
For the Years Ended December 31, -------------------- -------------------- -------------------- 1995 1994 1993 -------------------- -------------------- -------------------- (In Thousands, Except Share Data) Operating Revenues: Electric $ 6,121,141 $ 5,811,600 $ 4,384,233 Natural gas 103,992 118,962 90,991 Steam products 49,295 46,559 - -------------------- -------------------- -------------------- Total 6,274,428 5,977,121 4,475,224 -------------------- -------------------- -------------------- Operating Expenses: Operation and maintenance: Fuel, fuel-related expenses, and gas purchased for resale 1,395,889 1,450,598 907,100 Purchased power 356,596 340,067 278,070 Nuclear refueling outage expenses 84,972 63,979 76,383 Other operation and maintenance 1,468,851 1,581,520 1,045,713 Depreciation, amortization, and decommissioning 690,841 656,896 443,550 Taxes other than income taxes 299,926 284,234 199,151 Income taxes 349,528 131,965 251,163 Amortization of rate deferrals 408,087 399,121 280,753 -------------------- -------------------- -------------------- Total 5,054,690 4,908,380 3,481,883 -------------------- -------------------- -------------------- Operating Income 1,219,738 1,068,741 993,341 -------------------- -------------------- -------------------- Other Income (Deductions): Allowance for equity funds used during construction 9,629 11,903 8,049 Miscellaneous - net (20,947) 20,631 50,957 Income taxes 13,346 241 (33,640) -------------------- -------------------- -------------------- Total 2,028 32,775 25,366 -------------------- -------------------- -------------------- Interest Charges: Interest on long-term debt 633,851 665,541 503,797 Other interest - net 33,749 22,354 5,740 Allowance for borrowed funds used during construction (8,368) (9,938) (5,478) Preferred and preference dividend requirements of subsidiaries and other 77,969 81,718 56,559 -------------------- -------------------- -------------------- Total 737,201 759,675 560,618 -------------------- -------------------- -------------------- Income before the Cumulative Effect 484,565 341,841 458,089 of Accounting Changes Cumulative Effect of Accounting Changes (net of income taxes) 35,415 - 93,841 -------------------- -------------------- -------------------- Net Income $ 519,980 $ 341,841 $ 551,930 ==================== ==================== ==================== Earnings per average common share before cumulative effect of accounting changes $ 2.13 $ 1.49 $ 2.62 Earnings per average common share $ 2.28 $ 1.49 $ 3.16 Dividends declared per common share $ 1.80 $ 1.80 $ 1.65 Average number of common shares outstanding 227,669,970 228,734,843 174,887,556 See Notes to Financial Statements.
ENTERGY CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES STATEMENTS OF CONSOLIDATED CASH FLOWS
For the Years Ended December 31, ---------------- ---------------- ---------------- 1995 1994 1993 ---------------- ---------------- ---------------- (In Thousands) Operating Activities: Net income $ 519,980 $ 341,841 $ 551,930 Noncash items included in net income: Cumulative effect of a change in accounting principle (35,415) - (93,841) Change in rate deferrals/excess capacity-net 390,177 394,344 200,532 Depreciation, amortization, and decommissioning 690,841 656,896 443,550 Deferred income taxes and investment tax credits (31,006) (151,731) 17,669 Allowance for equity funds used during construction (9,629) (11,903) (8,049) Amortization of deferred revenues - (14,632) (42,470) Changes in working capital: Receivables (30,550) (382) (40,682) Fuel inventory (28,956) 16,993 (1,161) Accounts payable (19,124) 65,776 (9,167) Taxes accrued 115,250 (25,689) (32,761) Interest accrued (194) (15,255) (758) Reserve for rate refund (48,117) 56,972 - Other working capital accounts (114,436) 105,907 51,100 Refunds to customers - gas contract settlement - - (56,027) Decommissioning trust contributions (37,756) (24,755) (20,402) Provision for estimated losses and reserves 14,065 22,522 20,832 Other 21,601 120,863 94,092 ---------------- ---------------- ---------------- Net cash flow provided by operating activities 1,396,731 1,537,767 1,074,387 ---------------- ---------------- ---------------- Investing Activities: Merger with GSU - cash paid - - (250,000) Merger with GSU - cash acquired - - 261,349 Construction/capital expenditures (618,436) (676,180) (512,235) Allowance for equity funds used during construction 9,629 11,903 8,049 Nuclear fuel purchases (207,501) (179,932) (118,216) Proceeds from sale/leaseback of nuclear fuel 226,607 128,675 121,526 Investment in nonregulated/nonutility properties (172,814) (49,859) (76,870) Proceeds received from sale of property - 26,000 - Decrease in other temporary investments - - 17,012 ---------------- ---------------- ---------------- Net cash flow used in investing activities (762,515) (739,393) (549,385) ---------------- ---------------- ---------------- Financing Activities: Proceeds from the issuance of: First mortgage bonds - 59,410 605,000 General and refunding mortgage bonds 109,285 24,534 350,000 Other long-term debt 273,542 164,699 106,070 Retirement of: First mortgage bonds (225,800) (303,800) (911,692) General and refunding mortgage bonds (69,200) (45,000) (99,400) Other long-term debt (221,043) (148,962) (69,982) Premium and expense on refinancing sale/leaseback bonds - (48,497) - Repurchase of common stock - (119,486) (20,558) Redemption of preferred stock (46,564) (49,091) (56,000) Changes in short-term borrowings (126,200) 128,200 43,000 Common stock dividends paid (408,553) (410,223) (287,483) ---------------- ---------------- ---------------- Net cash flow used in financing activities (714,533) (748,216) (341,045) ---------------- ---------------- ---------------- Net increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents (80,317) 50,158 183,957 Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period 613,907 563,749 379,792 ---------------- ---------------- ---------------- Cash and cash equivalents at end of period $ 533,590 $ 613,907 $ 563,749 ================ ================ ================ SUPPLEMENTAL DISCLOSURE OF CASH FLOW INFORMATION: Cash paid during the period for: Interest - net of amount capitalized $ 626,531 $ 660,150 $ 485,876 Income taxes $ 285,738 $ 218,667 $ 159,659 Noncash investing and financing activities: Capital lease obligations incurred - $ 88,574 $ 126,812 Change in unrealized appreciation/depreciation of decommissioning trust assets $ 16,614 $ (2,198) - Merger with GSU - common stock issued - - $ 2,032,071 See Notes to Financial Statements.
ENTERGY CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS ASSETS
December 31, ------------ ------------ 1995 1994 ------------ ------------ (In Thousands) Utility Plant: Electric $ 21,698,593 $ 21,184,013 Plant acquisition adjustment - GSU 471,690 487,955 Electric plant under leases 675,425 668,846 Property under capital leases - electric 145,146 161,950 Natural gas 166,872 164,013 Steam products 77,551 77,307 Construction work in progress 482,950 476,816 Nuclear fuel under capital leases 312,782 265,520 Nuclear fuel 49,100 70,147 ------------ ------------ Total 24,080,109 23,556,567 Less - accumulated depreciation and amortization 8,259,318 7,639,549 ------------ ------------ Utility plant - net 15,820,791 15,917,018 ------------ ------------ Other Property and Investments: Decommissioning trust funds 277,716 207,395 Other 434,619 240,745 ------------ ------------ Total 712,335 448,140 ------------ ------------ Current Assets: Cash and cash equivalents: Cash 42,822 87,700 Temporary cash investments - at cost, which approximates market 490,768 526,207 ------------ ------------ Total cash and cash equivalents 533,590 613,907 Special deposits 10,884 8,074 Notes receivable 6,907 9,509 Accounts receivable: Customer (less allowance for doubtful accounts of $7.1 million in 1995 and $6.7 million in 1994) 333,343 348,169 Other 59,176 66,651 Accrued unbilled revenues 293,461 240,610 Deferred fuel 25,924 - Fuel inventory 122,167 93,211 Materials and supplies - at average cost 345,330 365,956 Rate deferrals 420,221 388,995 Prepayments and other 164,237 98,811 ------------ ------------ Total 2,315,240 2,233,893 ------------ ------------ Deferred Debits and Other Assets: Regulatory assets: Rate deferrals 1,033,282 1,443,283 SFAS 109 regulatory asset - net 1,279,495 1,417,646 Unamortized loss on reacquired debt 224,131 232,420 Other regulatory assets 329,397 325,521 Long-term receivables 224,726 264,752 Other 326,533 339,201 ------------ ------------ Total 3,417,564 4,022,823 ------------ ------------ TOTAL $ 22,265,930 $ 22,621,874 ============ ============ See Notes to Financial Statements.
ENTERGY CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS CAPITALIZATION AND LIABILITIES
December 31, ------------ ------------ 1995 1994 ------------ ------------ (In Thousands) Capitalization: Common stock, $.01 par value, authorized 500,000,000 shares; issued 230,017,485 shares in 1995 and 1994 $ 2,300 $ 2,300 Paid-in capital 4,201,483 4,202,134 Retained earnings 2,335,579 2,223,739 Less - treasury stock (2,251,318 shares in 1995 and 2,608,908 in 1994) 67,642 77,378 ------------ ------------ Total common shareholders' equity 6,471,720 6,350,795 Subsidiary's preference stock 150,000 150,000 Subsidiaries' preferred stock: Without sinking fund 550,955 550,955 With sinking fund 253,460 299,946 Long-term debt 6,777,124 7,093,473 ------------ ------------ Total 14,203,259 14,445,169 ------------ ------------ Other Noncurrent Liabilities: Obligations under capital leases 303,664 273,947 Other 317,949 310,977 ------------ ------------ Total 621,613 584,924 ------------ ------------ Current Liabilities: Currently maturing long-term debt 558,650 349,085 Notes payable 45,667 171,867 Accounts payable 460,379 479,503 Customer deposits 140,054 134,478 Taxes accrued 207,828 92,578 Accumulated deferred income taxes 72,847 40,313 Interest accrued 195,445 195,639 Dividends declared 12,194 13,599 Deferred fuel cost - 27,066 Nuclear refueling reserve 22,627 48,071 Obligations under capital leases 151,140 151,904 Reserve for rate refund 8,855 56,972 Other 224,412 279,259 ------------ ------------ Total 2,100,098 2,040,334 ------------ ------------ Deferred Credits: Accumulated deferred income taxes 3,777,644 3,915,138 Accumulated deferred investment tax credits 612,701 649,898 Other 950,615 986,411 ------------ ------------ Total 5,340,960 5,551,447 ------------ ------------ Commitments and Contingencies (Notes 2, 8, and 9) TOTAL $ 22,265,930 $ 22,621,874 ============ ============ See Notes to Financial Statements.
ENTERGY CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES STATEMENTS OF CONSOLIDATED RETAINED EARNINGS AND PAID-IN CAPITAL
For the Years Ended December 31, ------------------------------------------------------------------- 1995 1994 1993 ------------------- ------------------- ------------------- (In Thousands) Retained Earnings, January 1 $ 2,223,739 $ 2,310,082 $ 2,062,188 Add: Net income 519,980 341,841 551,930 ------------------- ------------------- ------------------- Total 2,743,719 2,651,923 2,614,118 ------------------- ------------------- ------------------- Deduct: Dividends declared on common stock 409,801 411,806 288,342 Common stock retirements - 13,940 13,906 Capital stock and other expenses (1,661) 2,438 1,788 ------------------- ------------------- ------------------- Total 408,140 428,184 304,036 ------------------- ------------------- ------------------- Retained Earnings, December 31 $ 2,335,579 $ 2,223,739 $ 2,310,082 =================== =================== =================== Paid-in Capital, January 1 $ 4,202,134 $ 4,223,682 $ 1,327,589 Add: Loss on reacquisition of subsidiaries' preferred stock (26) (23) (20) Issuance of 56,695,724 shares of common stock in the merger with GSU - - 2,027,325 Issuance of 174,552,011 shares of common stock at $.01 par value net of the retirement of 174,552,011 shares of common stock at $5.00 par value - - 871,015 Capital stock expense (3,002) - - ------------------- ------------------- ------------------- Total 4,199,106 4,223,659 4,225,909 ------------------- ------------------- ------------------- Deduct: Common stock retirements - 22,468 4,389 Capital stock discounts and other expenses (2,377) (943) (2,162) ------------------- ------------------- ------------------- Total (2,377) 21,525 2,227 ------------------- ------------------- ------------------- Paid-in Capital, December 31 $ 4,201,483 $ 4,202,134 $ 4,223,682 =================== =================== =================== See Notes to Financial Statements.
ENTERGY CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES SELECTED FINANCIAL DATA - FIVE-YEAR COMPARISON
1995 1994 1993 1992 1991 ----- ----- ----- ----- ----- (In Thousands, Except Per Share Amounts) Operating revenues $ 6,274,428 $ 5,977,121 $ 4,475,224 $ 4,098,332 $4,059,135 Income before cumulative effect of a change in accounting principle $ 484,565 $ 341,841 $ 458,089 $ 437,637 $482,032 Earnings per share before $2.13 $1.49 $2.62 $2.48 $2.64 cumulative effect of accounting changes Dividends declared per share $1.80 $1.80 $1.65 $1.45 $1.25 Return on average common 8.11% 5.31% 12.58% 10.31% 11.57% equity Book value per share, year- $28.41 $27.93 $28.27 $24.35 $23.46 end (2) Total assets (2) $22,265,930 $22,621,874 $22,876,697 $14,239,537 $14,383,102 Long-term obligations (1)(2) $7,484,248 $7,817,366 $8,177,882 $5,630,505 $5,801,364
(1) Includes long-term debt (excluding currently maturing debt), preferred and preference stock with sinking fund, and noncurrent capital lease obligations. (2) 1993 amounts include the effects of the Merger in accordance with the purchase method of accounting for combinations.
1995 1994 1993 1992 1991 ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ (In Thousands) Electric Operating Revenues: Residential $ 2,177,348 $ 2,127,820 $ 1,594,515 $ 1,441,628 $1,462,673 Commercial 1,491,818 1,500,462 1,071,070 1,008,474 996,095 Industrial 1,810,045 1,834,155 1,197,695 1,098,147 1,068,224 Governmental 154,032 159,840 136,471 127,880 128,699 -------- -------- -------- -------- -------- Total retail 5,633,243 5,622,277 3,999,751 3,676,129 3,655,691 Sales for resale 367,997 312,892 295,769 252,288 220,347 Other (1) 119,901 (123,569) 88,713 96,971 106,146 -------- -------- -------- -------- -------- Total $ 6,121,141 $ 5,811,600 $ 4,384,233 $ 4,025,388 $3,982,184 ========= ========= ========= ========= ======== Billed Electric Energy Sales (Millions of KWh): Residential 27,704 26,231 18,946 17,549 18,329 Commercial 20,719 20,050 13,420 12,928 13,164 Industrial 42,260 41,030 24,889 23,610 23,466 Governmental 2,311 2,233 1,887 1,839 1,903 -------- -------- -------- -------- -------- Total retail 92,994 89,544 59,142 55,926 56,862 Sales for resale 10,471 7,908 8,291 7,979 7,346 -------- -------- -------- -------- -------- Total 103,465 97,452 67,433 63,905 64,208 ========= ========= ========= ========= ========
(1)1994 includes the effects of the FERC Settlement, the 1994 NOPSI Settlement, and a GSU reserve for rate refund. REPORT OF INDEPENDENT ACCOUNTANTS To the Board of Directors and Shareholders of Arkansas Power & Light Company We have audited the accompanying balance sheets of Arkansas Power & Light Company as of December 31, 1995 and 1994, and the related statements of income, retained earnings and cash flows for the years then ended. These financial statements are the responsibility of the Company's management. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on these financial statements based on our audits. The financial statements of the Company for the year ended December 31, 1993, were audited by other auditors, whose report, dated February 11, 1994, included an explanatory paragraph that described a change in the method of accounting for revenues, which is discussed in Note 1 to these financial statements. We conducted our audits in accordance with generally accepted auditing standards. Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the financial statements are free of material misstatement. An audit includes examining, on a test basis, evidence supporting the amounts and disclosures in the financial statements. An audit also includes assessing the accounting principles used and significant estimates made by management, as well as evaluating the overall financial statement presentation. We believe that our audits provide a reasonable basis for our opinion. In our opinion, the financial statements referred to above present fairly, in all material respects, the financial position of the Company as of December 31, 1995 and 1994, and the results of its operations and its cash flows for the years then ended in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles. As discussed in Note 1 to the financial statements, in 1995 the Company changed its method of accounting for incremental nuclear plant outage maintenance costs. COOPERS & LYBRAND L.L.P. New Orleans, Louisiana February 14, 1996 INDEPENDENT AUDITORS' REPORT To the Shareholders and the Board of Directors of Arkansas Power & Light Company: We have audited the accompanying statements of income, retained earnings, and cash flows of Arkansas Power & Light Company (AP&L) for the year ended December 31, 1993. These financial statements are the responsibility of AP&L's management. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on these financial statements based on our audit. We conducted our audit in accordance with generally accepted auditing standards. Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the financial statements are free of material misstatement. An audit includes examining, on a test basis, evidence supporting the amounts and disclosures in the financial statements. An audit also includes assessing the accounting principles used and significant estimates made by management, as well as evaluating the overall financial statement presentation. We believe that our audit provides a reasonable basis for our opinion. In our opinion, such financial statements present fairly, in all material respects, the results of AP&L's operations and its cash flows for the year ended December 31, 1993 in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles. As discussed in Note 1 to the financial statements, AP&L changed its method of accounting for revenues in 1993. DELOITTE & TOUCHE LLP New Orleans, Louisiana February 11, 1994 ARKANSAS POWER & LIGHT COMPANY MANAGEMENT'S FINANCIAL DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS RESULTS OF OPERATIONS Net Income Net income increased in 1995 due primarily to the onetime recording of the cumulative effect of the change in accounting method for incremental nuclear refueling outage maintenance costs as discussed in Note 1. Excluding the above mentioned item, net income for 1995 decreased due to an increase in depreciation, amortization, and decommissioning expenses and income tax expense offset by an increase in revenues from retail energy sales and a decrease in other operation and maintenance expenses. Net income decreased in 1994 due primarily to the onetime recording in the first quarter of 1993 of the cumulative effect of the change in accounting principle for unbilled revenues and its ongoing effects, and to increased other operation and maintenance expenses resulting from restructuring and storm damage costs during 1994. Significant factors affecting the results of operations and causing variances between the years 1995 and 1994, and 1994 and 1993, are discussed under "Revenues and Sales," "Expenses," and "Other" below. Revenues and Sales See "SELECTED FINANCIAL DATA - FIVE-YEAR COMPARISON," following the notes to financial statements, for information on operating revenues by source and KWh sales. The changes in electric operating revenues for the twelve months ended December 31, 1995, are as follows: Increase/ Description (Decrease) ------------------------- ------------- (In Millions) Change in base revenues $(3.4) Rate riders 15.9 Fuel cost recovery 25.1 Sales volume/weather 38.2 Other revenue (including unbilled) 9.7 Sales for resale (28.0) ------- Total $57.5 ====== Electric operating revenues increased for 1995 due primarily to increased retail energy sales and fuel adjustment revenues partially offset by a decrease in sales for resale to associated companies. The increase in sales volume/weather resulted from increased customers and associated usage, while the remainder resulted from warmer weather in the summer months. The decrease in sales for resale to associated companies was caused by changes in generation availability and requirements among the Operating Companies. Total revenues remained relatively unchanged in 1994. Retail revenues decreased primarily due to lower recovery of fuel revenues during the year offset by increased sales for resale to associated companies in 1994, caused by changes in generation availability and requirements among the Operating Companies. ARKANSAS POWER & LIGHT COMPANY MANAGEMENT'S FINANCIAL DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS RESULTS OF OPERATIONS Expenses Operating expenses increased in 1995 because of an increase in depreciation, amortization, and decommissioning expenses and income tax expense, offset by a decrease in other operation and maintenance expenses. Depreciation, amortization, and decommissioning expenses increased primarily due to additions and upgrades at ANO and additions to transmission lines, substations, and other equipment. Also, decommissioning expense increased due to the implementation of the decommissioning rate rider which resulted from the decommissioning study performed in 1994. Income tax expense increased primarily due to the write-off in 1994 of investment tax credits in accordance with the FERC Settlement, as discussed below. Income tax expense also increased due to higher pre-tax income in 1995. The decrease in other operation and maintenance expenses is largely due to restructuring costs and storm damage costs recorded in 1994 . Operating expenses increased in 1994 due primarily to increased other operation and maintenance expenses and increased amortization of rate deferrals partially offset by lower purchased power expenses. Other operation and maintenance expenses increased in 1994 primarily due to the storm damage and restructuring costs as discussed in Note 11. The decrease in 1994 purchased power expenses is primarily due to the decrease in the price of purchased power. Total income taxes decreased during 1994 primarily due to the write-off of unamortized deferred investment tax credit of $27.3 million due to a FERC settlement and due to lower pretax income in 1994. This decrease was partially offset by an increase in tax expense due to the true-up of actual income tax expense for 1993 determined during 1994. Other Miscellaneous other income - net decreased in 1994 due primarily to reduced Grand Gulf 1 carrying charges. Other income taxes decreased in 1994 primarily due to a lower pretax income as discussed above. Interest on long-term debt decreased in 1994 due primarily to the continued retirement and refinancing of high-cost debt. ARKANSAS POWER & LIGHT COMPANY STATEMENTS OF INCOME
For the Years Ended December 31, -------------------------------------------------------------------- 1995 1994 1993 -------------------- -------------------- -------------------- (In Thousands) Operating Revenues $ 1,648,233 $ 1,590,742 $ 1,591,568 -------------------- -------------------- -------------------- Operating Expenses: Operation and maintenance: Fuel and fuel-related expenses 231,619 261,932 257,983 Purchased power 363,199 328,379 349,718 Nuclear refueling outage expenses 31,754 33,107 30,069 Other operation and maintenance 375,059 390,472 373,758 Depreciation, amortization, and decommissioning 162,087 149,878 135,530 Taxes other than income taxes 38,319 33,610 28,626 Income taxes 53,936 9,938 18,746 Amortization of rate deferrals 174,329 166,793 160,916 -------------------- -------------------- -------------------- Total 1,430,302 1,374,109 1,355,346 -------------------- -------------------- -------------------- Operating Income 217,931 216,633 236,222 -------------------- -------------------- -------------------- Other Income (Deductions): Allowance for equity funds used during construction 3,567 4,001 3,627 Miscellaneous - net 46,227 48,049 64,884 Income taxes (18,146) (19,282) (32,451) -------------------- -------------------- -------------------- Total 31,648 32,768 36,060 -------------------- -------------------- -------------------- Interest Charges: Interest on long-term debt 106,853 106,001 110,472 Other interest - net 8,485 4,811 9,118 Allowance for borrowed funds used during construction (2,424) (3,674) (2,418) -------------------- -------------------- -------------------- Total 112,914 107,138 117,172 -------------------- -------------------- -------------------- Income before the Cumulative Effect of Accounting Changes 136,665 142,263 155,110 Cumulative Effect of Accounting Changes (net of income taxes) 35,415 - 50,187 -------------------- -------------------- -------------------- Net Income 172,080 142,263 205,297 Preferred Stock Dividend Requirements and Other 18,093 19,275 20,877 -------------------- -------------------- -------------------- Earnings Applicable to Common Stock $ 153,987 $ 122,988 $ 184,420 ==================== ==================== ==================== See Notes to Financial Statements.
ARKANSAS POWER & LIGHT COMPANY STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
For the Years Ended December 31, ---------------- ---------------- ---------------- 1995 1994 1993 ---------------- ---------------- ---------------- (In Thousands) Operating Activities: Net income $ 172,080 $ 142,263 $ 205,297 Noncash items included in net income: Cumulative effect of a change in accounting principle (35,415) - (50,187) Change in rate deferrals/excess capacity-net 125,504 102,959 84,712 Depreciation, amortization, and decommissioning 162,087 149,878 135,530 Deferred income taxes and investment tax credits (33,882) (54,080) (6,965) Allowance for equity funds used during construction (3,567) (4,001) (3,627) Changes in working capital: Receivables (39,209) 10,817 7,385 Fuel inventory (22,895) 17,359 173 Accounts payable 55,732 (32,114) 20,608 Taxes accrued (5,080) 2,226 (21,983) Interest accrued (824) (346) 201 Other working capital accounts (28,375) 20,324 26,486 Decommissioning trust contributions (16,702) (11,581) (11,491) Provision for estimated losses and reserves 2,849 16,617 1,963 Other 6,055 (4,744) (41,826) ---------------- ---------------- ---------------- Net cash flow provided by operating activities 338,358 355,577 346,276 ---------------- ---------------- ---------------- Investing Activities: Construction expenditures (165,071) (179,116) (176,540) Allowance for equity funds used during construction 3,567 4,001 3,627 Nuclear fuel purchases (41,219) (40,074) (29,156) Proceeds from sale/leaseback of nuclear fuel 41,832 40,074 29,156 ---------------- ---------------- ---------------- Net cash flow used in investing activities (160,891) (175,115) (172,913) ---------------- ---------------- ---------------- Financing Activities: Proceeds from issuance of: First mortgage bonds - - 445,000 Other long-term debt 118,662 27,992 48,070 Retirement of: First mortgage bonds (25,800) (800) (441,141) Other long-term debt (124,025) (30,231) (47,700) Redemption of preferred stock (9,500) (11,500) (15,500) Changes in short-term borrowings (34,000) 12,605 17,395 Dividends paid: Common stock (153,400) (80,000) (156,300) Preferred stock (18,362) (19,597) (21,362) ---------------- ---------------- ---------------- Net cash flow used in financing activities (246,425) (101,531) (171,538) ---------------- ---------------- ---------------- Net increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents (68,958) 78,931 1,825 Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period 80,756 1,825 - ---------------- ---------------- ---------------- Cash and cash equivalents at end of period $ 11,798 $ 80,756 $ 1,825 ================ ================ ================ SUPPLEMENTAL DISCLOSURE OF CASH FLOW INFORMATION: Cash paid during the period for: Interest - net of amount capitalized $ 102,851 $ 98,787 $ 103,826 Income taxes $ 113,080 $ 79,553 $ 66,366 Noncash investing and financing activities: Capital lease obligations incurred $ - $ 47,719 $ 48,513 Change in unrealized appreciation/depreciation of decommissioning trust assets $ 9,128 $ 1,361 $ - See Notes to Financial Statements.
ARKANSAS POWER & LIGHT COMPANY BALANCE SHEETS ASSETS
December 31, ------------ ------------ 1995 1994 ------------ ------------ (In Thousands) Utility Plant: Electric $ 4,438,519 $ 4,293,097 Property under capital leases 48,968 56,135 Construction work in progress 119,874 136,701 Nuclear fuel under capital lease 98,691 94,628 ------------ ------------ Total 4,706,052 4,580,561 Less - accumulated depreciation and amortization 1,846,112 1,710,216 ------------ ------------ Utility plant - net 2,859,940 2,870,345 ------------ ------------ Other Property and Investments: Investment in subsidiary companies - at equity 11,122 11,215 Decommissioning trust fund 166,832 127,136 Other - at cost (less accumulated depreciation) 5,085 4,628 ------------ ------------ Total 183,039 142,979 ------------ ------------ Current Assets: Cash and cash equivalents: Cash 7,780 3,737 Temporary cash investments - at cost, which approximates market: Associated companies 908 4,713 Other 3,110 72,306 ------------ ------------ Total cash and cash equivalents 11,798 80,756 Accounts receivable: Customer (less allowance for doubtful accounts of $2.1 million in 1995 and $2.0 million in 1994) 75,445 53,781 Associated companies 40,577 28,506 Other 6,962 11,181 Accrued unbilled revenues 93,556 83,863 Fuel inventory - at average cost 57,456 34,561 Materials and supplies - at average cost 75,030 79,886 Rate deferrals 131,634 113,630 Deferred excess capacity 11,088 8,414 Deferred nuclear refueling outage costs 32,824 - Prepayments and other 15,215 23,867 ------------ ------------ Total 551,585 518,445 ------------ ------------ Deferred Debits and Other Assets: Regulatory assets: Rate deferrals 228,390 360,496 Deferred excess capacity 5,984 20,060 SFAS 109 regulatory asset - net 219,906 227,068 Unamortized loss on reacquired debt 58,684 57,344 Other regulatory assets 68,160 68,813 Other 28,727 26,665 ------------ ------------ Total 609,851 760,446 ------------ ------------ TOTAL $ 4,204,415 $ 4,292,215 ============ ============ See Notes to Financial Statements.
ARKANSAS POWER & LIGHT COMPANY BALANCE SHEETS CAPITALIZATION AND LIABILITIES
December 31, ------------ ------------ 1995 1994 ------------ ------------ (In Thousands) Capitalization: Common stock, $0.01 par value, authorized 325,000,000 shares; issued and outstanding 46,980,196 shares in 1995 and 1994 $ 470 $ 470 Paid-in capital 590,844 590,844 Retained earnings 492,386 491,799 ------------ ------------ Total common shareholder's equity 1,083,700 1,083,113 Preferred stock: Without sinking fund 176,350 176,350 With sinking fund 49,027 58,527 Long-term debt 1,281,203 1,293,879 ------------ ------------ Total 2,590,280 2,611,869 ------------ ------------ Other Noncurrent Liabilities: Obligations under capital leases 93,574 94,534 Other 67,444 68,235 ------------ ------------ Total 161,018 162,769 ------------ ------------ Current Liabilities: Currently maturing long-term debt 28,700 28,175 Notes payable 667 34,667 Accounts payable: Associated companies 42,156 17,345 Other 120,250 89,329 Customer deposits 18,594 17,113 Taxes accrued 40,159 45,239 Accumulated deferred income taxes 48,992 25,043 Interest accrued 30,240 31,064 Co-owner advances 34,450 20,639 Deferred fuel cost 17,837 20,254 Nuclear refueling reserve - 37,954 Obligations under capital leases 54,697 56,154 Other 30,696 50,359 ------------ ------------ Total 467,438 473,335 ------------ ------------ Deferred Credits: Accumulated deferred income taxes 823,471 859,558 Accumulated deferred investment tax credits 112,890 118,548 Other 49,318 66,136 ------------ ------------ Total 985,679 1,044,242 ------------ ------------ Commitments and Contingencies (Notes 2, 8, and 9) TOTAL $ 4,204,415 $ 4,292,215 ============ ============ See Notes to Financial Statements.
ARKANSAS POWER & LIGHT COMPANY STATEMENTS OF RETAINED EARNINGS
For the Years Ended December 31, ------------------------------------------------------------------- 1995 1994 1993 ------------------- ------------------- ------------------- (In Thousands) Retained Earnings, January 1 $ 491,799 $ 448,811 $ 420,691 Add: Net income 172,080 142,263 205,297 ------------------- ------------------- ------------------- Total 663,879 591,074 625,988 ------------------- ------------------- ------------------- Deduct: Dividends declared: Preferred stock 18,093 19,275 20,877 Common stock 153,400 80,000 156,300 ------------------- ------------------- ------------------- Total 171,493 99,275 177,177 ------------------- ------------------- ------------------- Retained Earnings, December 31 (Note 7) $ 492,386 $ 491,799 $ 448,811 =================== =================== =================== See Notes to Financial Statements.
ARKANSAS POWER & LIGHT COMPANY SELECTED FINANCIAL DATA - FIVE-YEAR COMPARISON
1995 1994 1993 1992 1991 ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- (In Thousands) Operating revenues $1,648,233 $1,590,742 $1,591,568 $1,521,129 $1,528,270 Income before cumulative $136,665 $142,263 $155,110 $130,529 $143,451 effect of accounting changes Total assets $4,204,415 $4,292,215 $4,334,105 $4,038,811 $4,192,020 Long-term obligations (1) $1,423,804 $1,446,940 $1,478,203 $1,453,588 $1,670,678
(1) Includes long-term debt (excluding currently maturing debt), preferred stock with sinking fund, and noncurrent capital lease obligations. See Notes 1, 3, and 10 for the effect of accounting changes in 1995 and 1993 .
1995 1994 1993 1992 1991 ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- (In Thousands) Electric Operating Revenues: Residential $ 542,862 $ 506,160 $ 528,734 $ 476,090 $ 494,375 Commercial 318,475 307,296 306,742 291,367 289,291 Industrial 362,854 338,988 336,856 325,569 324,632 Governmental 17,084 16,698 16,670 17,700 19,731 -------- -------- -------- -------- -------- Total retail 1,241,275 1,169,142 1,189,002 1,110,726 1,128,029 Sales for resale Associated 178,885 212,314 175,784 203,470 209,343 companies Non-associated 195,844 182,920 203,696 181,558 164,392 companies Other 32,229 26,366 23,086 25,375 26,506 -------- -------- -------- -------- -------- Total $ 1,648,233 $1,590,742 $1,591,568 $1,521,129 $1,528,270 ======== ======== ======== ======== ======== Billed Electric Energy Sales (Millions of KWh): Residential 5,868 5,522 5,680 5,102 5,564 Commercial 4,267 4,147 4,067 3,841 3,967 Industrial 6,314 5,941 5,690 5,509 5,565 Governmental 243 231 230 248 290 -------- -------- -------- -------- -------- Total retail 16,692 15,841 15,667 14,700 15,386 Sales for resale Associated 8,386 10,591 8,307 10,357 11,250 companies Non-associated 5,066 4,906 5,643 5,056 4,837 companies -------- -------- -------- -------- -------- Total 30,144 31,338 29,617 30,113 31,473 ======== ======== ======== ======== ========
REPORT OF INDEPENDENT ACCOUNTANTS To the Board of Directors and Shareholders of Gulf States Utilities Company We have audited the accompanying balance sheets of Gulf States Utilities Company as of December 31, 1995 and 1994 and the related statements of income (loss), retained earnings and paid-in-capital and cash flows for each of the three years in the period ended December 31, 1995. These financial statements are the responsibility of the Company's management. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on these financial statements based on our audits. We conducted our audits in accordance with generally accepted auditing standards. Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the financial statements are free of material misstatement. An audit includes examining, on a test basis, evidence supporting the amounts and disclosures in the financial statements. An audit also includes assessing the accounting principles used and significant estimates made by management, as well as evaluating the overall financial statement presentation. We believe that our audits provide a reasonable basis for our opinion. In our opinion, the financial statements referred to above present fairly, in all material respects, the financial position of the Company as of December 31, 1995 and 1994, and the results of its operations and its cash flows for each of the three years in the period ended December 31, 1995 in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles. As discussed in Note 2 to the financial statements, the net amount of capitalized costs for its River Bend Unit I Nuclear Generating Plant (River Bend) exceed those costs currently being recovered through rates. At December 31, 1995, approximately $482 million is not currently being recovered through rates. If current regulatory and court orders are not modified, a write-off of all or a portion of such costs may be required. Additionally, other rate-related contingencies exist which may result in refunds of revenues previously collected. The extent of such write-off of capitalized River Bend costs or refunds of revenues previously collected, if any, will not be determined until appropriate rate proceedings and court appeals have been concluded. Accordingly, the accompanying financial statements do not include any adjustments or provision for write-off or refund that might result from the outcome of these uncertainties. As also discussed in Note 2, approximately $187 million of additional deferred River Bend operating costs which exceed those costs currently being recovered through rates are expected to be written-off upon the adoption of Statement of Financial Accounting Standards No. 121, "Accounting for the Impairment of Long-Lived Assets and for Long-Lived Assets to Be Disposed Of." Adoption of this Statement is required on January 1, 1996. As discussed in Note 8 to the financial statements, civil actions have been initiated against Gulf States Utilities Company to, among other things, recover the co-owner's investment in River Bend and to annul the River Bend Joint Ownership Participation and Operating Agreement. The ultimate outcome of these proceedings cannot presently be determined. As discussed in Note 13 to the financial statements, the common stock of the Company was acquired on December 31, 1993. As discussed in Note 3 to the financial statements, in 1993, the Company adopted Statement of Financial Accounting Standards No. 109, "Accounting for Income Taxes." As discussed in Note 10 to the financial statements, the Company adopted Statement of Financial Accounting Standards No. 106, "Employers' Accounting for Postretirement Benefits Other Than Pensions," as of January 1, 1993. As discussed in Note 1 to the financial statements, as of January 1, 1993, the Company began accruing revenues for energy delivered to customers but not yet billed. COOPERS & LYBRAND L.L.P. New Orleans, Louisiana February 14, 1996 GULF STATES UTILITIES COMPANY MANAGEMENT'S FINANCIAL DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS RESULTS OF OPERATIONS Net Income Net income increased in 1995 principally as the result of an increase in electric operating revenues, a decrease in other operation and maintenance expenses, and an increase in other income. These changes were partially offset by higher income taxes. Net income decreased in 1994 due primarily to write-offs and charges associated with the resolution of contingencies and additional Merger-related costs aggregating $137 million, a base rate reduction ordered by the PUCT applied retroactively to March 1994, and restructuring costs. See Note 2 and Note 11 for additional information. Significant factors affecting the results of operations and causing variances between the years 1995 and 1994, and 1994 and 1993, are discussed under "Revenues and Sales," "Expenses," and "Other" below. Revenues and Sales See "SELECTED FINANCIAL DATA - FIVE-YEAR COMPARISON," following the notes to financial statements, for information on operating revenues by source and KWh sales. The changes in electric operating revenues for the twelve months ended December 31, 1995, are as follows: Increase/ Description (Decrease) ------------------------- --------- (In Millions) Change in base revenues $32.0 Fuel cost recovery (29.6) Sales volume/weather 35.0 Other revenue (including unbilled) 1.1 Sales for resale 31.3 ------- Total $69.8 ======= Electric operating revenues increased in 1995 primarily due to increased sales volume/weather and higher sales for resale. These increases were partially offset by lower fuel adjustment revenues, which do not affect net income. Base revenues also increased in 1995 as a result of rate refund reserves established in 1994, as discussed below, which were subsequently reduced as a result of an amended PUCT order. The increase in base revenues was partially offset by rate reductions in effect for Texas and Louisiana. Sales volume/weather increased because of warmer than normal weather and an increase in usage by all customer classes. Sales for resale increased as a result of changes in generation availability and requirements among the Operating Companies. Electric operating revenues decreased in 1994 due primarily to a base rate reduction ordered by the PUCT applied retroactively to March 1994, see Note 2 for additional information, and lower retail fuel revenues partially offset by increased wholesale revenues associated with higher sales for resale and increased retail base revenue. The decrease in retail revenues is primarily due to a decrease in fuel recovery revenue and a November 1993 rate reduction in Texas. Energy sales increased due primarily to higher sales for resale as a result of GSU's participation in the System power pool. GULF STATES UTILITIES COMPANY MANAGEMENT'S FINANCIAL DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS RESULTS OF OPERATIONS Gas operating revenues decreased for 1995 primarily due to a decrease in residential sales. This decrease was the result of a milder winter than in 1994. Expenses Operating expenses decreased in 1995 as a result of lower other operation and maintenance expenses and purchased power expenses, partially offset by higher income taxes. Other operation and maintenance expenses decreased primarily due to charges made in 1994 for Merger-related costs, restructuring costs, and certain pre- acquisition contingencies including unfunded Cajun-River Bend costs and environmental clean-up costs. Purchased power expenses decreased because of the availability of less expensive gas and nuclear fuel for use in electric generation as well as changes in the generation requirements among the Operating Companies. In addition, the decrease in purchased power expenses in 1995 was the result of the recording of a provision for refund of disallowed purchased power expenses in 1994. Income taxes increased primarily due to higher pre-tax income in 1995. Operating expenses increased in 1994 due primarily to higher purchased power and other operation and maintenance expenses, partially offset by lower fuel for electric generation and fuel-related expense and lower income tax expense. Purchased power expenses increased in 1994 due to GSU's participation in joint dispatch through the System power pool resulting from increased energy sales as discussed above. The increase in purchased power expenses in 1994 was also due to the recording of a provision for refund of disallowed purchased power costs resulting from a Louisiana Supreme Court ruling. Fuel, fuel-related expenses, and gas purchased for resale decreased in 1994 primarily due to lower gas prices. Other operation and maintenance expenses increased in 1994 due primarily to charges associated with certain pre-acquisition contingencies, additional Merger-related costs and restructuring costs as discussed in Note 11. Income taxes decreased in 1994 due primarily to lower pretax income resulting from the charges discussed above. Other Other miscellaneous income increased in 1995 as the result of certain adjustments made in 1994 related to pre-acquisition contingencies including Cajun-River Bend litigation (see Note 8 for additional information) the write-off of previously disallowed rate deferrals, and plant held for future use. As a result of these charges, income taxes on other income were significantly higher in 1995 compared to 1994. Other miscellaneous income decreased in 1994 due to the write-off of plant held for future use, establishment of a reserve related to the Cajun-River Bend litigation, the write-off of previously disallowed rate deferrals, and obsolete spare parts. These charges were partially offset by lower interest expense as a result of the continued refinancing of high-cost debt. Income taxes decreased in 1994 due primarily to the charges discussed above. GULF STATES UTILITIES COMPANY STATEMENTS OF INCOME (LOSS)
For the Years Ended December 31, -------------------------------------------------------------------- 1995 1994 1993 -------------------- -------------------- -------------------- (In Thousands) Operating Revenues: Electric $ 1,788,964 $ 1,719,201 $ 1,747,961 Natural gas 23,715 31,605 32,466 Steam products 49,295 46,559 47,193 -------------------- -------------------- -------------------- Total 1,861,974 1,797,365 1,827,620 -------------------- -------------------- -------------------- Operating Expenses: Operation and maintenance: Fuel, fuel-related expenses, and gas purchased for resale 516,812 517,177 559,416 Purchased power 169,767 192,937 123,949 Nuclear refueling outage expenses 10,607 12,684 10,706 Other operation and maintenance 432,647 505,701 469,664 Depreciation, amortization, and decommissioning 202,224 197,151 190,405 Taxes other than income taxes 102,228 98,096 95,742 Income taxes 57,235 (6,448) 46,007 Amortization of rate deferrals 66,025 66,416 61,115 -------------------- -------------------- -------------------- Total 1,557,545 1,583,714 1,557,004 -------------------- -------------------- -------------------- Operating Income 304,429 213,651 270,616 -------------------- -------------------- -------------------- Other Income (Deductions): Allowance for equity funds used during construction 1,125 1,334 726 Write-off of plant held for future use - (85,476) - Miscellaneous - net 22,573 (64,843) 19,996 Income taxes (6,009) 55,638 (12,009) -------------------- -------------------- -------------------- Total 17,689 (93,347) 8,713 -------------------- -------------------- -------------------- Interest Charges: Interest on long-term debt 191,341 195,414 202,235 Other interest - net 8,884 8,720 8,364 Allowance for borrowed funds used during construction (1,026) (1,075) (731) -------------------- -------------------- -------------------- Total 199,199 203,059 209,868 -------------------- -------------------- -------------------- Income (Loss) before Extraordinary Items and the Cumulative Effect of an Accounting Change 122,919 (82,755) 69,461 Extraordinary Items (net of income taxes) - - (1,259) Cumulative Effect of an Accounting Change (net of income taxes) - - 10,660 -------------------- -------------------- -------------------- Net Income (Loss) 122,919 (82,755) 78,862 Preferred and Preference Stock Dividend Requirements and Other 29,643 29,919 35,581 -------------------- -------------------- -------------------- Earnings (Loss) Applicable to Common Stock $ 93,276 $ (112,674) $ 43,281 ==================== ==================== ==================== See Notes to Financial Statements.
GULF STATES UTILITIES COMPANY STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
For the Years Ended December 31, ---------------- ---------------- ---------------- 1995 1994 1993 ---------------- ---------------- ---------------- (In Thousands) Operating Activities: Net income (loss) $ 122,919 $ (82,755) $ 78,862 Noncash items included in net income: Extraordinary items - - 1,259 Cumulative effect of a change in accounting principle - - (10,660) Change in rate deferrals 66,025 96,979 61,115 Depreciation, amortization, and decommissioning 202,224 197,151 190,405 Deferred income taxes and investment tax credits 63,231 (62,171) 41,302 Allowance for equity funds used during construction (1,125) (1,334) (726) Write-off of plant held for future use - 85,476 - Changes in working capital: Receivables 40,193 (72,341) 6,879 Fuel inventory (6,357) (2,336) (2,289) Accounts payable (4,820) 60,112 11,072 Taxes accrued 24,935 (10,378) 3,764 Interest accrued 1,510 (4,189) (2,497) Reserve for rate refund (56,972) 56,972 - Other working capital accounts (40,919) 33,781 (9,915) Decommissioning trust contributions (8,147) (3,202) (2,710) Purchased power settlement - - (169,300) Provision for estimated losses and reserves 10,119 4,181 20,349 Other (12,062) 30,413 38,525 ---------------- ---------------- ---------------- Net cash flow provided by operating activities 400,754 326,359 255,435 ---------------- ---------------- ---------------- Investing Activities: Construction expenditures (185,944) (155,989) (115,481) Allowance for equity funds used during construction 1,125 1,334 726 Nuclear fuel purchases (1,425) (31,178) (2,118) Proceeds from sale/leaseback of nuclear fuel 542 29,386 2,118 Refund of escrow account and other property - - 5,921 ---------------- ---------------- ---------------- Net cash flow used in investing activities (185,702) (156,447) (108,834) ---------------- ---------------- ---------------- Financing Activities: Proceeds from the issuance of: First mortgage bonds - - 338,379 Other long-term debt 2,277 101,109 21,440 Preference stock - - 146,625 Retirement of: First mortgage bonds - - (360,199) Other long-term debt (50,425) (102,425) (18,398) Redemption of preferred and preference stock (7,283) (6,070) (174,841) Dividends paid: Common stock - (289,100) - Preferred and preference stock (29,661) (30,131) (35,999) ---------------- ---------------- ---------------- Net cash flow used in financing activities (85,092) (326,617) (82,993) ---------------- ---------------- ---------------- Net increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents 129,960 (156,705) 63,608 Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period 104,644 261,349 197,741 ---------------- ---------------- ---------------- Cash and cash equivalents at end of period $ 234,604 $ 104,644 $ 261,349 ================ ================ ================ SUPPLEMENTAL DISCLOSURE OF CASH FLOW INFORMATION: Cash paid during the period for: Interest - net of amount capitalized $ 187,918 $ 191,850 $ 197,058 Income taxes $ 208 $ 251 $ 15,600 Noncash investing and financing activities: Capital lease obligations incurred - $ 31,178 $ 17,143 Change in unrealized appreciation/depreciation of decommissioning trust assets $ 2,121 $ (915) - See Notes to Financial Statements.
GULF STATES UTILITIES COMPANY BALANCE SHEETS ASSETS
December 31, ------------ ------------ 1995 1994 ------------ ------------ (In Thousands) Utility Plant: Electric $ 6,942,983 $ 6,842,726 Natural gas 45,789 44,505 Steam products 77,551 77,307 Property under capital leases 77,918 82,914 Construction work in progress 148,043 96,176 Nuclear fuel under capital lease 69,853 80,042 ------------ ------------ Total 7,362,137 7,223,670 Less - accumulated depreciation and amortization 2,664,943 2,504,826 ------------ ------------ Utility plant - net 4,697,194 4,718,844 ------------ ------------ Other Property and Investments: Decommissioning trust fund 32,943 21,309 Other - at cost (less accumulated depreciation) 28,626 29,315 ------------ ------------ Total 61,569 50,624 ------------ ------------ Current Assets: Cash and cash equivalents: Cash 13,751 8,063 Temporary cash investments - at cost, which approximates market: Associated companies 46,336 5,085 Other 174,517 91,496 ------------ ------------ Total cash and cash equivalents 234,604 104,644 Accounts receivable: Customer (less allowance for doubtful accounts of $1.6 million in 1995 and $0.7 million in 1994) 110,187 167,745 Associated companies 1,395 12,732 Other 15,497 20,706 Accrued unbilled revenues 73,381 39,470 Deferred fuel costs 31,154 6,314 Accumulated deferred income taxes 43,465 49,457 Fuel inventory 32,141 25,784 Materials and supplies - at average cost 91,288 90,054 Rate deferrals 97,164 100,478 Prepayments and other 15,566 13,754 ------------ ------------ Total 745,842 631,138 ------------ ------------ Deferred Debits and Other Assets: Regulatory assets: Rate deferrals 419,904 506,974 SFAS 109 regulatory asset-net 453,628 426,358 Unamortized loss on reacquired debt 61,233 63,994 Other regulatory assets 27,836 35,168 Long-term receivables 224,727 264,752 Other 169,125 145,609 ------------ ------------ Total 1,356,453 1,442,855 ------------ ------------ TOTAL $ 6,861,058 $ 6,843,461 ============ ============ See Notes to Financial Statements.
GULF STATES UTILITIES COMPANY BALANCE SHEETS CAPITALIZATION AND LIABILITIES
December 31, ------------ ------------ 1995 1994 ------------ ------------ (In Thousands) Capitalization: Common stock, no par value, authorized 200,000,000 shares; issued and outstanding 100 shares in 1995 and 1994 $ 114,055 $ 114,055 Paid-in capital 1,152,505 1,152,336 Retained earnings 357,704 264,626 ------------ ------------ Total common shareholder's equity 1,624,264 1,531,017 Preference stock 150,000 150,000 Preferred stock: Without sinking fund 136,444 136,444 With sinking fund 87,654 94,934 Long-term debt 2,175,471 2,318,417 ------------ ------------ Total 4,173,833 4,230,812 ------------ ------------ Other Noncurrent Liabilities: Obligations under capital leases 108,078 125,691 Other 78,245 68,753 ------------ ------------ Total 186,323 194,444 ------------ ------------ Current Liabilities: Currently maturing long-term debt 145,425 50,425 Accounts payable: Associated companies 31,349 31,722 Other 136,528 140,975 Customer deposits 21,983 22,216 Taxes accrued 37,413 12,478 Interest accrued 56,837 55,327 Nuclear refueling reserve 22,627 10,117 Obligations under capital lease 37,773 37,265 Reserve for rate refund - 56,972 Other 86,653 111,963 ------------ ------------ Total 576,588 529,460 ------------ ------------ Deferred Credits: Accumulated deferred income taxes 1,177,144 1,100,396 Accumulated deferred investment tax credits 208,618 199,428 Deferred River Bend finance charges 58,047 82,406 Other 480,505 506,515 ------------ ------------ Total 1,924,314 1,888,745 ------------ ------------ Commitments and Contingencies (Notes 2, 8, and 9) TOTAL $ 6,861,058 $ 6,843,461 ============ ============ See Notes to Financial Statements.
GULF STATES UTILITIES COMPANY STATEMENTS OF RETAINED EARNINGS AND PAID-IN CAPITAL
For the Years Ended December 31, ------------------------------------------------------------------- 1995 1994 1993 ------------------- ------------------- ------------------- (In Thousands) Retained Earnings, January 1 $ 264,626 $ 666,401 $ 631,462 Add: Net income (loss) 122,919 (82,755) 78,862 ------------------- ------------------- ------------------- Total 387,545 583,646 710,324 ------------------- ------------------- ------------------- Deduct: Dividends declared: Preferred and preference stock 29,482 29,831 35,581 Common stock - 289,100 - Preferred and preference stock redemption and other 359 89 8,342 ------------------- ------------------- ------------------- Total 29,841 319,020 43,923 ------------------- ------------------- ------------------- Retained Earnings, December 31 (Note 7) $ 357,704 $ 264,626 $ 666,401 =================== =================== =================== Paid-in Capital, January 1 $ 1,152,336 $ 1,152,304 $ 67,316 Add: Issuance of 100 shares of no par common stock with a stated value of $114,055 net of the retirement of 114,055,065 shares of no par common stock - - 1,086,868 Gain (loss) on reacquisition of preferred and preference stock 169 32 (1,880) ------------------- ------------------- ------------------- Paid-in Capital, December 31 $ 1,152,505 $ 1,152,336 $ 1,152,304 =================== =================== =================== See Notes to Financial Statements.
GULF STATES UTILITIES COMPANY SELECTED FINANCIAL DATA - FIVE-YEAR COMPARISON
1995 1994 1993 1992 1991 ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- (In Thousands) Operating revenues $1,861,974 $1,797,365 $1,827,620 $1,773,374 $1,702,235 Income (loss) before extraordinary items and the cumulative effect of accounting changes $122,919 $(82,755) $69,461 $139,413 $112,391 Total assets $6,861,058 $6,843,461 $7,137,351 $7,164,447 $7,183,119 Long-term obligations (1) $2,521,203 $2,689,042 $2,772,002 $2,798,768 $2,816,577
(1) Includes long-term debt (excluding currently maturing debt), preferred and preference stock with sinking fund, and noncurrent capital lease obligations. See Notes 1 and 10 for the effect of accounting changes in 1993 and Notes 2 and 8 regarding River Bend rate appeals and litigation with Cajun.
1995 1994 1993 1992 1991 ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- (In Thousands) Electric Operating Revenues: Residential $ 573,566 $ 569,997 $ 585,799 $ 560,552 $ 547,147 Commercial 412,601 414,929 415,267 400,803 383,883 Industrial 604,688 626,047 650,230 642,298 582,568 Governmental 25,042 25,242 26,118 26,195 24,792 -------- -------- -------- -------- -------- Total retail 1,615,897 1,636,215 1,677,414 1,629,848 1,538,390 Sales for resale Associated companies 62,431 45,263 - - - Non-associated 67,103 52,967 31,898 24,485 44,136 companies Other (1) 43,533 (15,244) 38,649 40,203 41,433 -------- -------- -------- -------- -------- Total $ 1,788,964 $ 1,719,201 $ 1,747,961 $ 1,694,536 $ 1,623,959 ========= ========= ========= ========= ========= Billed Electric Energy Sales (Millions of KWh): Residential 7,699 7,351 7,192 6,825 6,925 Commercial 6,219 6,089 5,711 5,474 5,460 Industrial 15,393 15,026 14,294 14,413 13,629 Governmental 311 297 296 302 295 -------- -------- -------- -------- -------- Total retail 29,622 28,763 27,493 27,014 26,309 Sales for resale Associated companies 2,935 1,866 - - - Non-associated 2,212 1,650 666 540 1,049 companies -------- -------- -------- -------- -------- Total Electric 34,769 32,279 28,159 27,554 27,358 Department Steam Department 1,742 1,659 1,597 1,722 1,711 -------- -------- -------- -------- -------- Total 36,511 33,938 29,756 29,276 29,069 ========= ========= ======== ======== ========
(1) 1994 includes the effects of a GSU reserve for rate refund. REPORT OF INDEPENDENT ACCOUNTANTS To the Board of Directors and Shareholders of Louisiana Power & Light Company We have audited the accompanying balance sheets of Louisiana Power & Light Company as of December 31, 1995 and 1994, and the related statements of income, retained earnings and cash flows for the years then ended. These financial statements are the responsibility of the Company's management. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on these financial statements based on our audits. The financial statements of the Company for the year ended December 31, 1993, were audited by other auditors, whose report, dated February 11, 1994, expressed an unqualified opinion on these financial statements. We conducted our audits in accordance with generally accepted auditing standards. Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the financial statements are free of material misstatement. An audit includes examining, on a test basis, evidence supporting the amounts and disclosures in the financial statements. An audit also includes assessing the accounting principles used and significant estimates made by management, as well as evaluating the overall financial statement presentation. We believe that our audits provide a reasonable basis for our opinion. In our opinion, the financial statements referred to above present fairly, in all material respects, the financial position of the Company as of December 31, 1995 and 1994, and the results of its operations and its cash flows for the years then ended in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles. COOPERS & LYBRAND L.L.P. New Orleans, Louisiana February 14, 1996 INDEPENDENT AUDITORS' REPORT To the Shareholders and the Board of Directors of Louisiana Power & Light Company: We have audited the accompanying statements of income, retained earnings, and cash flows of Louisiana Power & Light Company (LP&L) for the year ended December 31, 1993. These financial statements are the responsibility of LP&L's management. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on these financial statements based on our audit. We conducted our audit in accordance with generally accepted auditing standards. Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the financial statements are free of material misstatement. An audit includes examining, on a test basis, evidence supporting the amounts and disclosures in the financial statements. An audit also includes assessing the accounting principles used and significant estimates made by management, as well as evaluating the overall financial statement presentation. We believe that our audit provides a reasonable basis for our opinion. In our opinion, such financial statements present fairly, in all material respects, the results of LP&L's operations and its cash flows for the year ended December 31, 1993 in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles. DELOITTE & TOUCHE LLP New Orleans, Louisiana February 11, 1994 LOUISIANA POWER & LIGHT COMPANY MANAGEMENT'S FINANCIAL DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS RESULTS OF OPERATIONS Net Income Net income decreased in 1995 due to an April 1995 rate reduction and higher income taxes, partially offset by lower other operation and maintenance expenses. Net income increased in 1994 due primarily to the fourth quarter write-off of unamortized balances of deferred investment tax credits, partially offset by lower operating revenues and higher other operation and maintenance expenses. Significant factors affecting the results of operations and causing variances between the years 1995 and 1994, and 1994 and 1993, are discussed under "Revenues and Sales" and "Expenses" below. Revenues and Sales See "SELECTED FINANCIAL DATA - FIVE-YEAR COMPARISON," following the notes to financial statements, for information on operating revenues by source and KWh sales. The changes in operating revenues for the twelve months ended December 31, 1995, are as follows: Increase/ Description (Decrease) ------------------------ -------------- (In Millions) Change in base revenues $(29.9) Fuel cost recovery (35.9) Sales volume/weather 40.7 Other revenue (including unbilled) (23.3) Sales for resale 12.9 ------- Total $(35.5) ======= Operating revenues were lower in 1995 due primarily to a base rate reduction in the second quarter of 1995 and to lower fuel adjustment revenues, which do not affect net income. This decrease was partially offset by increased customer usage, principally caused by warmer summer weather. The completion of the amortization of proceeds from litigation with a gas supplier in the second quarter of 1994 also contributed to the decrease in other revenue, partially offset by higher sales to non-associated utilities. Operating revenues were lower in 1994 due primarily to the completion of the amortization of the proceeds resulting from litigation with a gas supplier in the second quarter and lower wholesale revenues partially offset by higher retail revenues. Wholesale revenues decreased due primarily to lower sales to non- associated utilities. Retail revenues increased due primarily to increases in sales to industrial and commercial customers. LOUISIANA POWER & LIGHT COMPANY MANAGEMENT'S FINANCIAL DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS RESULTS OF OPERATIONS Expenses Operating expenses decreased in 1995 due to decreases in fuel expenses, including purchased power, and other operation and maintenance expenses, partially offset by an increase in depreciation and income taxes. The decrease in fuel expenses is due to lower fuel prices partially offset by an increase in generation. Other operation and maintenance expenses decreased because of lower payroll-related expenses as a result of the restructuring program discussed in Note 11, power plant waste water site closures in 1994, and a court settlement reducing legal expense. Depreciation expense increased due to capital improvements to distribution lines and substations and to an increase in the depreciation rate associated with Waterford 3. Income taxes increased due to the write-off in 1994 of deferred investment tax credits in accordance with the 1994 FERC Settlement, a decrease in tax depreciation associated with Waterford 3, and higher pre-tax income. Operating expenses decreased in 1994 due primarily to a decrease in income tax expense as a result of the write-off of deferred investment tax credits pursuant to a FERC settlement and lower fuel expenses partially offset by higher other operation and maintenance expenses. The decrease in fuel and purchased power expenses is due primarily to lower fuel and purchased power prices. The increase in other operation and maintenance expenses is due primarily to restructuring costs and power plant waste water site closures. Interest expense decreased in 1994 as a result of the retirement and refinancing of high-cost debt. LOUISIANA POWER & LIGHT COMPANY STATEMENTS OF INCOME
For the Years Ended December 31, -------------------- - -------------------- - -------------------- 1995 1994 1993 -------------------- -------------------- -------------------- (In Thousands) Operating Revenues $ 1,674,875 $ 1,710,415 $ 1,731,541 -------------------- -------------------- -------------------- Operating Expenses: Operation and maintenance: Fuel and fuel-related expenses 300,015 331,422 338,670 Purchased power 351,583 366,564 381,252 Nuclear refueling outage expenses 17,675 18,187 18,380 Other operation and maintenance 311,535 350,854 342,195 Depreciation, amortization, and decommissioning 161,023 151,994 142,051 Taxes other than income taxes 55,867 56,101 50,391 Income taxes 116,486 63,751 108,568 Amortization of rate deferrals 28,422 28,422 28,422 -------------------- -------------------- -------------------- Total 1,342,606 1,367,295 1,409,929 -------------------- -------------------- -------------------- Operating Income 332,269 343,120 321,612 -------------------- -------------------- -------------------- Other Income (Deductions): Allowance for equity funds used during construction 1,950 3,486 2,581 Miscellaneous - net 2,831 747 2,069 Income taxes (628) 463 (2,245) -------------------- -------------------- -------------------- Total 4,153 4,696 2,405 -------------------- -------------------- -------------------- Interest Charges: Interest on long-term debt 129,691 129,952 130,352 Other interest - net 7,210 6,494 6,605 Allowance for borrowed funds used during construction (2,016) (2,469) (1,748) -------------------- -------------------- -------------------- Total 134,885 133,977 135,209 -------------------- -------------------- -------------------- Net Income 201,537 213,839 188,808 Preferred Stock Dividend Requirements and Other 21,307 23,319 24,754 -------------------- -------------------- -------------------- Earnings Applicable to Common Stock $ 180,230 $ 190,520 $ 164,054 ==================== ==================== ==================== See Notes to Financial Statements.
LOUISIANA POWER & LIGHT COMPANY STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
For the Years Ended December 31, ---------------- ---------------- ---------------- 1995 1994 1993 ---------------- ---------------- ---------------- (In Thousands) Operating Activities: Net income $ 201,537 $ 213,839 $ 188,808 Noncash items included in net income: Change in rate deferrals 28,422 28,422 28,422 Depreciation, amortization, and decommissioning 161,023 151,994 142,051 Deferred income taxes and investment tax credits 2,450 (15,972) 40,262 Allowance for equity funds used during construction (1,950) (3,486) (2,581) Amortization of deferred revenues - (14,632) (42,470) Changes in working capital: Receivables (8,069) 1,094 (8,046) Accounts payable 4,420 (6,811) (28,198) Taxes accrued 20,472 (16,970) 6,861 Interest accrued 1,215 846 1,003 Other working capital accounts (16,993) 31,064 15,205 Refunds to customers - gas contract settlement - - (56,027) Decommissioning trust contributions (7,493) (4,815) (4,000) Other (377) 3,048 18,298 ---------------- ---------------- ---------------- Net cash flow provided by operating activities 384,657 367,621 299,588 ---------------- ---------------- ---------------- Investing Activities: Construction expenditures (120,244) (140,669) (163,142) Allowance for equity funds used during construction 1,950 3,486 2,581 Nuclear fuel purchases (44,707) - - Proceeds from sale/leaseback of nuclear fuel 47,293 - - ---------------- ---------------- ---------------- Net cash flow used in investing activities (115,708) (137,183) (160,561) ---------------- ---------------- ---------------- Financing Activities: Proceeds from the issuance of: First mortgage bonds - - 100,000 Other long-term debt 16,577 19,946 58,000 Retirement of: First mortgage bonds (75,000) (25,000) (100,919) Other long-term debt (308) (322) (22,052) Redemption of preferred stock (11,256) (15,038) (22,500) Changes in short-term borrowings 49,305 (24,887) 52,041 Dividends paid: Common stock (221,500) (167,100) (167,600) Preferred stock (21,115) (22,808) (25,290) ---------------- ---------------- ---------------- Net cash flow used in financing activities (263,297) (235,209) (128,320) ---------------- ---------------- ---------------- Net increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents 5,652 (4,771) 10,707 Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period 28,718 33,489 22,782 ---------------- ---------------- ---------------- Cash and cash equivalents at end of period $ 34,370 $ 28,718 $ 33,489 ================ ================ ================ SUPPLEMENTAL DISCLOSURE OF CASH FLOW INFORMATION: Cash paid during the period for: Interest - net of amount capitalized $ 128,485 $ 128,000 $ 127,497 Income taxes $ 96,066 $ 96,442 $ 62,414 Noncash investing and financing activities: Capital lease obligations incurred - 9,677 $ 33,210 Change in unrealized appreciation/depreciation of decommissioning trust assets $ 2,304 $ (1,129) - See Notes to Financial Statements.
LOUISIANA POWER & LIGHT COMPANY BALANCE SHEETS ASSETS
December 31, ------------ ------------ 1995 1994 ------------ ------------ (In Thousands) Utility Plant: Electric $ 4,886,898 $ 4,778,126 Property under capital leases 231,121 229,468 Construction work in progress 87,567 94,791 Nuclear fuel under capital lease 72,864 44,238 Nuclear fuel 1,506 6,420 ------------ ------------ Total 5,279,956 5,153,043 Less - accumulated depreciation and amortization 1,742,306 1,600,510 ------------ ------------ Utility plant - net 3,537,650 3,552,533 ------------ ------------ Other Property and Investments: Nonutility property 20,060 20,060 Decommissioning trust fund 38,560 27,076 Investment in subsidiary companies - at equity 14,230 14,230 Other 1,113 1,078 ------------ ------------ Total 73,963 62,444 ------------ ------------ Current Assets: Cash and cash equivalents: Cash 3,952 - Temporary cash investments - at cost, which approximates market 30,418 28,718 ------------ ------------ Total cash and cash equivalents 34,370 28,718 Accounts receivable: Customer (less allowance for doubtful accounts of $1.4 million in 1995 and $1.2 million in 1994) 72,328 58,858 Associated companies 8,033 9,827 Other 8,979 11,609 Accrued unbilled revenues 62,132 63,109 Deferred fuel costs 10,200 - Accumulated deferred income taxes - 3,702 Materials and supplies - at average cost 79,799 89,692 Rate deferrals 25,609 28,422 Deferred nuclear refueling outage costs 21,344 15,041 Prepayments and other 9,118 13,487 ------------ ------------ Total 331,912 322,465 ------------ ------------ Deferred Debits and Other Assets: Regulatory assets: Rate deferrals - 25,609 SFAS 109 regulatory asset - net 301,520 379,263 Unamortized loss on reacquired debt 39,474 43,656 Other regulatory assets 23,935 25,736 Other 23,069 23,733 ------------ ------------ Total 387,998 497,997 ------------ ------------ TOTAL $ 4,331,523 $ 4,435,439 ============ ============ See Notes to Financial Statements.
LOUISIANA POWER & LIGHT COMPANY BALANCE SHEETS CAPITALIZATION AND LIABILITIES
December 31, ------------ ------------ 1995 1994 ------------ ------------ (In Thousands) Capitalization: Common stock, $0.01 par value, authorized 250,000,000 shares; issued and outstanding 165,173,180 shares in 1995 and 1994 $ 1,088,900 $ 1,088,900 Capital stock expense and other (4,836) (5,367) Retained earnings 72,150 113,420 ------------ ------------ Total common shareholder's equity 1,156,214 1,196,953 Preferred stock: Without sinking fund 160,500 160,500 With sinking fund 100,009 111,265 Long-term debt 1,385,171 1,403,055 ------------ ------------ Total 2,801,894 2,871,773 ------------ ------------ Other Noncurrent Liabilities: Obligations under capital leases 43,362 16,238 Other 50,835 54,216 ------------ ------------ Total 94,197 70,454 ------------ ------------ Current Liabilities: Currently maturing long-term debt 35,260 75,320 Notes payable Associated companies 61,459 7,954 Other 15,000 19,200 Accounts payable: Associated companies 37,494 20,793 Other 69,922 82,203 Customer deposits 56,924 54,934 Taxes accrued 18,612 (1,860) Accumulated deferred income taxes 3,366 - Interest accrued 44,202 42,987 Dividends declared 5,149 5,489 Deferred fuel cost - 13,983 Obligations under capital leases 28,000 28,000 Other 17,397 20,156 ------------ ------------ Total 392,785 369,159 ------------ ------------ Deferred Credits: Accumulated deferred income taxes 807,278 883,945 Accumulated deferred investment tax credits 145,561 151,259 Deferred interest - Waterford 3 lease obligation 23,947 26,000 Other 65,861 62,849 ------------ ------------ Total 1,042,647 1,124,053 ------------ ------------ Commitments and Contingencies (Notes 2, 8, and 9) TOTAL $ 4,331,523 $ 4,435,439 ============ ============ See Notes to Financial Statements.
LOUISIANA POWER & LIGHT COMPANY STATEMENTS OF RETAINED EARNINGS
For the Years Ended December 31, ------------------------------------------------------------------- 1995 1994 1993 ------------------- ------------------- ------------------- (In Thousands) Retained Earnings, January 1 $ 113,420 $ 89,849 $ 94,510 Add: Net income 201,537 213,839 188,808 ------------------- ------------------- ------------------- Total 314,957 303,688 283,318 ------------------- ------------------- ------------------- Deduct: Dividends declared: Preferred stock 20,775 22,359 24,553 Common stock 221,500 167,100 167,600 Capital stock expenses 532 809 1,316 ------------------- ------------------- ------------------- Total 242,807 190,268 193,469 ------------------- ------------------- ------------------- Retained Earnings, December 31 (Note 7) $ 72,150 $ 113,420 $ 89,849 =================== =================== =================== See Notes to Financial Statements.
LOUISIANA POWER & LIGHT COMPANY SELECTED FINANCIAL DATA - FIVE-YEAR COMPARISON
1995 1994 1993 1992 1991 ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- (In Thousands) Operating revenues $1,674,875 $1,710,415 $1,731,541 $1,553,745 $1,528,934 Net income $201,537 $213,839 $188,808 $182,989 $166,572 Total assets $4,331,523 $ 4,435,439 $4,463,998 $4,109,148 $4,131,751 Long-term obligations (1) $1,528,542 $1,530,558 $1,611,436 $1,622,909 $1,582,606
(1) Includes long-term debt (excluding currently maturing debt), preferred stock with sinking fund, and noncurrent capital lease obligations. See Notes 3 and 10 for the effect of accounting changes in 1993.
1995 1994 1993 1992 1991 ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- (In Thousands) Electric Operating Revenues: Residential $ 583,373 $ 577,084 $ 572,738 $ 518,255 $ 525,594 Commercial 353,582 358,672 345,254 320,688 318,613 Industrial 641,196 659,061 652,574 578,741 558,036 Governmental 31,616 31,679 29,723 27,780 28,303 --------- --------- --------- --------- --------- Total retail 1,609,767 1,626,496 1,600,289 1,445,464 1,430,546 Sales for resale Associated 1,178 352 4,849 5,454 182 companies Non-associated 48,987 36,928 46,414 33,178 31,815 companies Other 14,943 46,639 79,989 69,649 66,391 --------- --------- --------- --------- --------- Total $ 1,674,875 $1,710,415 $1,731,541 $1,553,745 $1,528,934 Billed Electric ========= ========= ========= ========= ========= Energy Sales (Millions of KWh): Residential 7,855 7,449 7,368 6,996 7,182 Commercial 4,786 4,631 4,435 4,307 4,367 Industrial 16,971 16,561 15,914 15,013 14,832 Governmental 439 423 398 385 405 ------- ------- ------- ------- ------- Total retail 30,051 29,064 28,115 26,701 26,786 Sales for resale Associated 44 10 112 204 6 companies Non-associated 1,293 776 1,213 1,101 1,195 companies ------- ------- ------- ------- ------- Total 31,388 29,850 29,440 28,006 27,987 ======= ======= ======= ======= =======
REPORT OF INDEPENDENT ACCOUNTANTS To the Board of Directors and Shareholders of Mississippi Power & Light Company We have audited the accompanying balance sheets of Mississippi Power & Light Company as of December 31, 1995 and 1994, and the related statements of income, retained earnings and cash flows for the years then ended. These financial statements are the responsibility of the Company's management. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on these financial statements based on our audits. The financial statements of the Company for the year ended December 31, 1993, were audited by other auditors, whose report, dated February 11, 1994, included an explanatory paragraph that described a change in the method of accounting for revenues, which is discussed in Note 1 to these financial statements. We conducted our audits in accordance with generally accepted auditing standards. Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the financial statements are free of material misstatement. An audit includes examining, on a test basis, evidence supporting the amounts and disclosures in the financial statements. An audit also includes assessing the accounting principles used and significant estimates made by management, as well as evaluating the overall financial statement presentation. We believe that our audits provide a reasonable basis for our opinion. In our opinion, the financial statements referred to above present fairly, in all material respects, the financial position of the Company as of December 31, 1995 and 1994, and the results of its operations and its cash flows for the years then ended in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles. COOPERS & LYBRAND L.L.P. New Orleans, Louisiana February 14, 1996 INDEPENDENT AUDITORS' REPORT To the Shareholders and the Board of Directors of Mississippi Power & Light Company: We have audited the accompanying statements of income, retained earnings, and cash flows of Mississippi Power & Light Company (MP&L) for the year ended December 31, 1993. These financial statements are the responsibility of MP&L's management. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on these financial statements based on our audit. We conducted our audit in accordance with generally accepted auditing standards. Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the financial statements are free of material misstatement. An audit includes examining, on a test basis, evidence supporting the amounts and disclosures in the financial statements. An audit also includes assessing the accounting principles used and significant estimates made by management, as well as evaluating the overall financial statement presentation. We believe that our audit provides a reasonable basis for our opinion. In our opinion, such financial statements present fairly, in all material respects, the results of MP&L's operations and its cash flows for the year ended December 31, 1993 in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles. As discussed in Note 1 to the financial statements, MP&L changed its method of accounting for revenues in 1993. DELOITTE & TOUCHE LLP New Orleans, Louisiana February 11, 1994 MISSISSIPPI POWER & LIGHT COMPANY MANAGEMENT'S FINANCIAL DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS RESULTS OF OPERATIONS Net Income Net income increased in 1995 primarily due to increased revenues and a decrease in other operation and maintenance expenses partially offset by an increase in income tax expense. Net income decreased in 1994 due primarily to the onetime recording in the first quarter of 1993 of the cumulative effect of the change in accounting principle for unbilled revenues. In addition, net income was reduced by the rate reduction in connection with the formula incentive-rate plan, partially offset by a FERC settlement. Significant factors affecting the results of operations and causing variances between the years 1995 and 1994, and 1994 and 1993, are discussed under "Revenues and Sales," "Expenses," and "Other" below. Revenues and Sales See "SELECTED FINANCIAL DATA - FIVE-YEAR COMPARISON," following the notes to financial statements, for information on operating revenues by source and KWh sales. The changes in electric operating revenues for the twelve months ended December 31, 1995, are as follows: Increase/ Description (Decrease) ------------------------ ------------- (In Millions) Change in base revenues $(6.1) Grand Gulf Rate Rider (0.6) Fuel cost recovery 12.8 Sales volume/weather 14.9 Other revenue (including unbilled) 5.6 Sales for resale 3.4 ------ Total $30.0 ====== Operating revenues increased in 1995 primarily due to an increase in retail and wholesale energy sales and higher fuel adjustment revenues, partially offset by rate reductions. Retail energy sales increased primarily due to the impact of weather and increased customer usage. Fuel adjustment revenues increased in response to higher fuel costs and do not impact net income. Operating revenues decreased in 1994 due to the impact of the rate reduction in connection with the incentive-rate plan that went into effect in March 1994, partially offset by higher energy sales. In addition to the factors cited above for revenues, accrued unbilled revenues decreased due to a change in the cycle billing dates offset by an increase in billed revenues. This decrease was partially offset by increased commercial and industrial retail sales. Expenses Operating expenses increased in 1995 due primarily to an increase in income tax expense partially offset by a decrease in other operation and maintenance expenses. Operating expenses increased in 1994 due primarily to increased amortization of rate deferrals partially offset by lower fuel/purchased power and income tax expenses. MISSISSIPPI POWER & LIGHT COMPANY MANAGEMENT'S FINANCIAL DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS RESULTS OF OPERATIONS Income tax expense increased in 1995 due primarily to the 1994 write-off of unamortized deferred investment tax credits and higher pretax income in 1995. Income taxes decreased in 1994 due primary to lower pretax income, and the write-off of unamortized deferred investment tax credits in accordance with a FERC settlement. Other operation and maintenance expense decreased in 1995 due primarily to 1994 Merger-related costs allocated to MP&L and payroll expenses. No significant Merger-related costs were allocated to MP&L during the current year. Payroll expenses decreased as a result of the restructuring program announced and accrued for during the third quarter of 1994. The restructuring program included a reduction in the number of MP&L employees during 1995. In addition, maintenance expenses decreased at various power plants. Purchased power expense decreased in 1994 due primarily to changes in generation availability and requirements among the Operating Companies and a lower per unit price for power purchased. The amortization of rate deferrals increased in 1994 reflecting the fact that MP&L, based on the Revised Plan, collected more Grand Gulf 1-related costs from its customers in 1994 than in 1993. Other Interest expense decreased in 1994 due primarily to the retirement and refinancing of high-cost debt. MISSISSIPPI POWER & LIGHT COMPANY STATEMENTS OF INCOME
For the Years Ended December 31, -------------------- - -------------------- - -------------------- 1995 1994 1993 -------------------- -------------------- -------------------- (In Thousands) Operating Revenues $ 889,843 $ 859,845 $ 883,818 -------------------- -------------------- -------------------- Operating Expenses: Operation and maintenance: Fuel and fuel-related expenses 163,198 164,428 135,258 Purchased power 240,519 235,019 289,016 Other operation and maintenance 144,183 156,954 156,405 Depreciation and amortization 38,197 36,592 32,152 Taxes other than income taxes 46,019 43,963 41,878 Income taxes 33,716 16,651 33,074 Amortization of rate deferrals 107,339 110,481 70,715 -------------------- -------------------- -------------------- Total 773,171 764,088 758,498 -------------------- -------------------- -------------------- Operating Income 116,672 95,757 125,320 -------------------- -------------------- -------------------- Other Income (Deductions): Allowance for equity funds used during construction 950 1,660 928 Miscellaneous - net 3,036 (1,117) 948 Income taxes - (debit) (1,161) 4,176 (3,462) -------------------- -------------------- -------------------- Total 2,825 4,719 (1,586) -------------------- -------------------- -------------------- Interest Charges: Interest on long-term debt 46,998 47,835 53,558 Other interest - net 4,638 4,929 1,802 Allowance for borrowed funds used during construction (806) (1,067) (663) -------------------- -------------------- -------------------- Total 50,830 51,697 54,697 -------------------- -------------------- -------------------- Income before the Cumulative Effect of an Accounting Change 68,667 48,779 69,037 Cumulative Effect of an Accounting Change (net of income taxes) - - 32,706 -------------------- -------------------- -------------------- Net Income 68,667 48,779 101,743 Preferred Stock Dividend Requirements and Other 7,515 7,624 9,160 -------------------- -------------------- -------------------- Earnings Applicable to Common Stock $ 61,152 $ 41,155 $ 92,583 ==================== ==================== ==================== See Notes to Financial Statements.
MISSISSIPPI POWER & LIGHT COMPANY STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
For the Years Ended December 31, ---------------- ---------------- ---------------- 1995 1994 1993 ---------------- ---------------- ---------------- (In Thousands) Operating Activities: Net income $ 68,667 $ 48,779 $ 101,743 Noncash items included in net income: Cumulative effect of a change in accounting principle - - (32,706) Change in rate deferrals 114,304 109,105 71,555 Depreciation and amortization 38,197 36,592 32,152 Deferred income taxes and investment tax credits (36,774) (34,409) (17,881) Allowance for equity funds used during construction (950) (1,660) (928) Changes in working capital: Receivables (5,277) 33,154 (11,814) Fuel inventory (1,901) 3,872 (1,327) Accounts payable 15,553 (8,783) 5,055 Taxes accrued 7,818 (3,431) (4,200) Interest accrued 1,457 (2,794) 780 Other working capital accounts (21,108) 13,480 (1,120) Other 4,957 1,209 8,073 ---------------- ---------------- ---------------- Net cash flow provided by operating activities 184,943 195,114 149,382 ---------------- ---------------- ---------------- Investing Activities: Construction expenditures (79,146) (121,386) (66,404) Allowance for equity funds used during construction 950 1,660 928 ---------------- ---------------- ---------------- Net cash flow used in investing activities (78,196) (119,726) (65,476) ---------------- ---------------- ---------------- Financing Activities: Proceeds from the issuance of: General and refunding bonds 79,480 24,534 250,000 Other long-term debt - 15,652 - Retirement of: General and refunding bonds (45,000) (30,000) (55,000) First mortgage bonds (20,000) (18,000) (204,501) Other long-term debt (965) (16,045) (230) Redemption of preferred stock (15,000) (15,000) (16,500) Changes in short-term borrowings (30,000) 18,432 11,568 Dividends paid: Common stock (61,700) (45,600) (85,800) Preferred stock (6,215) (7,762) (9,452) ---------------- ---------------- ---------------- Net cash flow used in financing activities (99,400) (73,789) (109,915) ---------------- ---------------- ---------------- Net increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents 7,347 1,599 (26,009) Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period 9,598 7,999 34,008 ---------------- ---------------- ---------------- Cash and cash equivalents at end of period $ 16,945 $ 9,598 $ 7,999 ================ ================ ================ SUPPLEMENTAL DISCLOSURE OF CASH FLOW INFORMATION: Cash paid during the period for: Interest - net of amount capitalized $ 48,617 $ 52,737 $ 52,459 Income taxes $ 67,746 $ 39,000 $ 58,831 See Notes to Financial Statements.
MISSISSIPPI POWER & LIGHT COMPANY BALANCE SHEETS ASSETS
December 31, ------------ ------------ 1995 1994 ------------ ------------ (In Thousands) Utility Plant: Electric $ 1,559,955 $ 1,475,322 Construction work in progress 55,443 67,119 ------------ ------------ Total 1,615,398 1,542,441 Less - accumulated depreciation and amortization 613,712 582,514 ------------ ------------ Utility plant - net 1,001,686 959,927 ------------ ------------ Other Property and Investments: Investment in subsidiary companies - at equity 5,531 5,531 Other 5,615 5,624 ------------ ------------ Total 11,146 11,155 ------------ ------------ Current Assets: Cash and cash equivalents: Cash 2,574 5,080 Temporary cash investments - at cost, which approximates market: Associated companies 3,248 276 Other 11,123 4,242 ------------ ------------ Total cash and cash equivalents 16,945 9,598 Accounts receivable: Customer (less allowance for doubtful accounts of $1.6 million in 1995 and $2.1 million in 1994) 46,214 43,846 Associated companies 1,134 4,680 Other 1,967 2,789 Accrued unbilled revenues 47,150 39,873 Fuel inventory - at average cost 6,681 4,780 Materials and supplies - at average cost 19,233 20,642 Rate deferrals 130,622 114,921 Prepayments and other 11,536 10,672 ------------ ------------ Total 281,482 251,801 ------------ ------------ Deferred Debits and Other Assets: Regulatory assets: Rate deferrals 247,072 377,077 Unamortized loss on reacquired debt 10,105 10,488 Other regulatory assets 17,736 18,811 SFAS 109 regulatory asset - net 6,445 - Other 6,311 8,569 ------------ ------------ Total 287,669 414,945 ------------ ------------ TOTAL $ 1,581,983 $ 1,637,828 ============ ============ See Notes to Financial Statements.
MISSISSIPPI POWER & LIGHT COMPANY BALANCE SHEETS CAPITALIZATION AND LIABILITIES
December 31, ------------ ------------ 1995 1994 ------------ ------------ (In Thousands) Capitalization: Common stock, no par value, authorized 15,000,000 shares; issued and outstanding 8,666,357 shares in 1995 and 1994 $ 199,326 $ 199,326 Capital stock expense and other (218) (1,762) Retained earnings 231,463 232,011 ------------ ------------ Total common shareholder's equity 430,571 429,575 Preferred stock: Without sinking fund 57,881 57,881 With sinking fund 16,770 31,770 Long-term debt 494,404 475,233 ------------ ------------ Total 999,626 994,459 ------------ ------------ Other Noncurrent Liabilities 11,625 9,536 ------------ ------------ Current Liabilities: Currently maturing long-term debt 61,015 65,965 Notes payable - 30,000 Accounts payable: Associated companies 24,391 2,350 Other 32,100 38,588 Customer deposits 24,339 22,793 Taxes accrued 28,639 20,821 Accumulated deferred income taxes 54,090 47,515 Interest accrued 21,834 20,377 Other 6,875 30,318 ------------ ------------ Total 253,283 278,727 ------------ ------------ Deferred Credits: Accumulated deferred income taxes 278,581 301,288 Accumulated deferred investment tax credits 27,978 29,528 SFAS 109 regulatory liability - net - 13,099 Other 10,890 11,191 ------------ ------------ Total 317,449 355,106 ------------ ------------ Commitments and Contingencies (Notes 2 and 8) TOTAL $ 1,581,983 $ 1,637,828 ============ ============ See Notes to Financial Statements.
MISSISSIPPI POWER & LIGHT COMPANY STATEMENTS OF RETAINED EARNINGS
For the Years Ended December 31, ------------------------------------------------------------------- 1995 1994 1993 ------------------- ------------------- ------------------- (In Thousands) Retained Earnings, January 1 $ 232,011 $ 236,337 $ 230,201 Add: Net income 68,667 48,779 101,743 ------------------- ------------------- ------------------- Total 300,678 285,116 331,944 ------------------- ------------------- ------------------- Deduct: Dividends declared: Preferred stock 5,971 7,404 8,964 Common stock 61,700 45,600 85,800 Preferred stock expenses 1,544 101 843 ------------------- ------------------- ------------------- Total 69,215 53,105 95,607 ------------------- ------------------- ------------------- Retained Earnings, December 31 (Note 7) $ 231,463 $ 232,011 $ 236,337 =================== =================== =================== See Notes to Financial Statements.
MISSISSIPPI POWER & LIGHT COMPANY SELECTED FINANCIAL DATA - FIVE-YEAR COMPARISON
1995 1994 1993 1992 1991 ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- (In Thousands) Operating revenues $889,843 $859,845 $883,818 $ 799,483 $762,338 Income before cumulative effect of a change in accounting principle $68,667 $48,779 $69,037 $65,036 $63,088 Total assets $1,581,983 $1,637,828 $1,681,992 $ 1,665,480 $1,692,382 Long-term $511,613 $507,555 $563,612 $ 576,787 $576,599 obligations (1)
(1) Includes long-term debt (excluding currently maturing debt), preferred stock with sinking fund, and noncurrent capital lease obligations. See Notes 1, 3, and 9 for the effect of accounting changes in 1993.
1995 1994 1993 1992 1991 ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- (In Thousands) Electric Operating Revenues: Residential $ 336,194 $ 332,567 $ 341,620 $ 309,614 $ 306,675 Commercial 262,786 257,154 251,285 236,191 229,073 Industrial 178,466 184,637 182,060 169,977 161,494 Governmental 27,410 27,495 28,530 26,377 25,567 ------- ------- ------- ------- ------- Total retail 804,856 801,853 803,495 742,159 722,809 Sales for resale Associated 35,928 37,747 34,640 17,988 9,781 companies Non-associated 21,906 16,728 21,100 19,995 15,706 companies Other 27,153 3,517 24,583 19,341 14,042 ------- ------- ------- ------- ------- Total $ 889,843 $ 859,845 $ 883,818 $ 799,483 $ 762,338 ======= ======= ======= ======= ======= Billed Electric Energy Sales (Millions of KWh): Residential 4,233 4,014 3,983 3,644 3,739 Commercial 3,368 3,151 2,928 2,804 2,807 Industrial 3,044 2,985 2,787 2,631 2,582 Governmental 336 330 336 318 321 ------- ------- ------- ------- ------ Total retail 10,981 10,480 10,034 9,397 9,449 Sales for resale Associated companies 959 1,079 758 253 376 Non-associated companies 692 512 670 937 656 ------- ------- ------- ------- ------- Total 12,632 12,071 11,462 10,587 10,481 ======= ======= ======= ======= =======
REPORT OF INDEPENDENT ACCOUNTANTS To the Board of Directors and Shareholders of New Orleans Public Service Inc. We have audited the accompanying balance sheets of New Orleans Public Service Inc. as of December 31, 1995 and 1994, and the related statements of income, retained earnings and cash flows for the years then ended. These financial statements are the responsibility of the Company's management. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on these financial statements based on our audits. The financial statements of the Company for the year ended December 31, 1993, were audited by other auditors, whose report, dated February 11, 1994, included an explanatory paragraph that described a change in the method of accounting for revenues, which is discussed in Note 1 to these financial statements. We conducted our audits in accordance with generally accepted auditing standards. Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the financial statements are free of material misstatement. An audit includes examining, on a test basis, evidence supporting the amounts and disclosures in the financial statements. An audit also includes assessing the accounting principles used and significant estimates made by management, as well as evaluating the overall financial statement presentation. We believe that our audits provide a reasonable basis for our opinion. In our opinion, the financial statements referred to above present fairly, in all material respects, the financial position of the Company as of December 31, 1995 and 1994, and the results of its operations and its cash flows for the years then ended in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles. COOPERS & LYBRAND L.L.P. New Orleans, Louisiana February 14, 1996 INDEPENDENT AUDITORS' REPORT To the Shareholders and the Board of Directors of New Orleans Public Service Inc. We have audited the accompanying statements of income, retained earnings, and cash flows of New Orleans Public Service Inc. (NOPSI) for the year ended December 31, 1993. These financial statements are the responsibility of NOPSI's management. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on these financial statements based on our audit. We conducted our audit in accordance with generally accepted auditing standards. Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the financial statements are free of material misstatement. An audit includes examining, on a test basis, evidence supporting the amounts and disclosures in the financial statements. An audit also includes assessing the accounting principles used and significant estimates made by management, as well as evaluating the overall financial statement presentation. We believe that our audit provides a reasonable basis for our opinion. In our opinion, such financial statements present fairly, in all material respects, the results of NOPSI's operations and its cash flows for the year ended December 31, 1993 in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles. As discussed in Note 1 to the financial statements, NOPSI changed its method of accounting for revenues in 1993. DELOITTE & TOUCHE LLP New Orleans, Louisiana February 11, 1994 NEW ORLEANS PUBLIC SERVICE INC. MANAGEMENT'S FINANCIAL DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS RESULTS OF OPERATIONS Net Income Net income increased in 1995 principally due to 1994 refunds associated with the 1994 NOPSI Settlement and a decrease in other operation and maintenance expense, partially offset by a permanent rate reduction that took place January 1, 1995. Net income decreased in 1994 due to the effects of the 1994 NOPSI Settlement and the one- time recording of the cumulative effect of the change in accounting principle for unbilled revenues in 1993, partially offset by lower operating expenses. See Note 2 for a discussion of the 1994 NOPSI Settlement. Significant factors affecting the results of operations and causing variances between the years 1995 and 1994, and 1994 and 1993, are discussed under "Revenues and Sales" and "Expenses" below. Revenues and Sales See "SELECTED FINANCIAL DATA-FIVE-YEAR COMPARISON," following the notes to financial statements, for information on electric operating revenues by source and KWh sales. The changes in electric operating revenues for the twelve months ended December 31, 1995, are as follows: Increase/ Description (Decrease) -------------------- ------------- (In Millions) Change in base revenues $12.2 Fuel cost recovery (0.3) Sales volume/weather 12.5 Other revenue (including 6.1 unbilled) Sales for resale 3.5 ------ Total $34.0 ====== Electric operating revenues increased in 1995 as a result of refunds in 1994 associated with the 1994 NOPSI Settlement and an increase in energy sales. The increase in energy sales is primarily due to weather effects on retail sales and an increase in sales for resale. Electric operating revenues decreased in 1994 due primarily to the effects of the 1994 NOPSI Settlement as discussed in Note 2. Electric energy sales increased slightly in 1994. Gas operating revenues decreased in 1995 primarily due to the rate reduction agreed to in the NOPSI Settlement effective January 1, 1995, and a lower unit purchase price for gas purchased for resale. Gas operating revenues decreased slightly in 1994 as a result of lower gas sales. Expenses Operating expenses increased in 1995 due primarily to an increase in income taxes and the increased amortization of rate deferrals, partially offset by a decrease in fuel and other operation and maintenance expenses. Fuel expenses decreased in 1995 primarily due to a decrease in fuel prices. Other operation and maintenance expenses decreased primarily due to a decrease in maintenance activity and lower payroll expenses. The decrease in payroll expenses is the result of the 1994 restructuring and the related decrease in employees. Operating expenses decreased in 1994 due primarily to lower purchased power expenses and lower income tax expenses. NEW ORLEANS PUBLIC SERVICE INC. MANAGEMENT'S FINANCIAL DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS RESULTS OF OPERATIONS Purchased power expenses decreased in 1994 due primarily to changes in generation availability and requirements among the Operating Companies and lower costs. Gas purchased for resale decreased in 1995 due lower gas prices. Gas purchased for resale decreased in 1994 due to decreased gas sales. Income taxes increased in 1995 as a result of lower pretax income in 1994 due to the 1994 NOPSI Settlement and the write-off of the unamortized balances of deferred investment tax credits pursuant to the FERC Settlement in 1994. Income taxes decreased in 1994 due primarily to lower pretax income, resulting from the 1994 NOPSI Settlement, and the write-off of the unamortized balances of deferred investment tax credits pursuant to the FERC Settlement. The increases in the amortization of rate deferrals in 1995 and 1994 are primarily a result of the collection of larger amounts of previously deferred costs under the 1991 NOPSI Settlement, which allowed NOPSI to record an additional $90 million of previously incurred Grand Gulf 1-related costs. NEW ORLEANS PUBLIC SERVICE INC. STATEMENTS OF INCOME
For the Years Ended December 31, -------------------- - -------------------- - -------------------- 1995 1994 1993 -------------------- -------------------- -------------------- (In Thousands) Operating Revenues: Electric $ 394,394 $ 360,430 $ 423,830 Natural gas 80,276 87,357 90,992 -------------------- -------------------- -------------------- Total 474,670 447,787 514,822 -------------------- -------------------- -------------------- Operating Expenses: Operation and maintenance: Fuel, fuel-related expenses and gas purchased for resale 102,314 113,735 112,451 Purchased power 145,920 145,935 165,963 Other operation and maintenance 76,510 80,656 87,797 Depreciation and amortization 19,420 19,275 17,284 Taxes other than income taxes 27,805 27,814 26,643 Income taxes 19,836 3,602 24,232 Rate deferrals: Rate deferrals - - (1,651) Amortization of rate deferrals 31,971 27,009 22,351 -------------------- -------------------- -------------------- Total 423,776 418,026 455,070 -------------------- -------------------- -------------------- Operating Income 50,894 29,761 59,752 -------------------- -------------------- -------------------- Other Income (Deductions): Allowance for equity funds used during construction 158 331 141 Miscellaneous - net 1,639 2,141 (1,055) Income taxes (631) (998) (1,115) -------------------- -------------------- -------------------- Total 1,166 1,474 (2,029) -------------------- -------------------- -------------------- Interest Charges: Interest on long-term debt 15,948 17,092 20,076 Other interest - net 1,853 1,179 1,016 Allowance for borrowed funds used during construction (127) (247) (130) -------------------- -------------------- -------------------- Total 17,674 18,024 20,962 -------------------- -------------------- -------------------- Income before the Cumulative Effect of an Accounting Change 34,386 13,211 36,761 Cumulative Effect of an Accounting Change (net of income taxes) - - 10,948 -------------------- -------------------- -------------------- Net Income 34,386 13,211 47,709 Preferred Stock Dividend Requirements and Other 1,411 1,581 1,768 -------------------- -------------------- -------------------- Earnings Applicable to Common Stock $ 32,975 $ 11,630 $ 45,941 ==================== ==================== ==================== See Notes to Financial Statements.
NEW ORLEANS PUBLIC SERVICE INC. STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
For the Years Ended December 31, ---------------- ---------------- ---------------- 1995 1994 1993 ---------------- ---------------- ---------------- (In Thousands) Operating Activities: Net income $ 34,386 $ 13,211 $ 47,709 Noncash items included in net income: Cumulative effect of a change in accounting principle - - (10,948) Change in rate deferrals 31,564 24,106 15,842 Depreciation and amortization 19,420 19,275 17,284 Deferred income taxes and investment tax credits (1,998) (18,006) (2,132) Allowance for equity funds used during construction (158) (331) (141) Changes in working capital: Receivables (5,468) 15,362 (6,725) Accounts payable 12,566 (19,132) 1,169 Taxes accrued 3,225 (2,832) (82) Interest accrued (131) (230) (1,319) Income tax receivable 20,172 (20,172) - Other working capital accounts (4,803) 18,454 1,365 Other (9,500) 8,851 8,345 ---------------- ---------------- ---------------- Net cash flow provided by operating activities 99,275 38,556 70,367 ---------------- ---------------- ---------------- Investing Activities: Construction expenditures (27,836) (22,777) (24,813) Allowance for equity funds used during construction 158 331 141 ---------------- ---------------- ---------------- Net cash flow used in investing activities (27,678) (22,446) (24,672) ---------------- ---------------- ---------------- Financing Activities: Proceeds from the issuance of general and refunding bonds 29,805 - 100,000 Retirement of: First mortgage bonds - - (56,823) General and refunding bonds (24,200) (15,000) (44,400) Redemption of preferred stock (3,525) (1,500) (1,500) Dividends paid: Common stock (30,600) (33,300) (43,900) Preferred stock (1,362) (1,596) (1,825) ---------------- ---------------- ---------------- Net cash flow used in financing activities (29,882) (51,396) (48,448) ---------------- ---------------- ---------------- Net increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents 41,715 (35,286) (2,753) Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period 8,031 43,317 46,070 ---------------- ---------------- ---------------- Cash and cash equivalents at end of period $ 49,746 $ 8,031 $ 43,317 ================ ================ ================ SUPPLEMENTAL DISCLOSURE OF CASH FLOW INFORMATION: Cash paid during the period for: Interest - net of amount capitalized $ 17,187 $ 17,707 $ 21,953 Income taxes (refund) - net $ (941) $ 45,984 $ 25,661 See Notes to Financial Statements.
NEW ORLEANS PUBLIC SERVICE INC. BALANCE SHEETS ASSETS
December 31, ------------ ------------ 1995 1994 ------------ ------------ (In Thousands) Utility Plant: Electric $ 483,581 $ 470,560 Natural gas 121,083 119,508 Construction work in progress 17,525 7,284 ------------ ------------ Total 622,189 597,352 Less - accumulated depreciation and amortization 335,021 319,576 ------------ ------------ Utility plant - net 287,168 277,776 ------------ ------------ Other Property and Investments: Investment in subsidiary companies - at equity 3,259 3,259 ------------ ------------ Current Assets: Cash and cash equivalents: Cash 1,693 849 Temporary cash investments - at cost, which approximates market: Associated companies 10,860 2,472 Other 37,193 4,710 ------------ ------------ Total cash and cash equivalents 49,746 8,031 Accounts receivable: Customer (less allowance for doubtful accounts of $0.5 in 1995 and $0.8 million in 1994) 29,168 23,938 Associated companies 551 3,503 Other 843 600 Accrued unbilled revenues 17,242 14,295 Deferred electric fuel and resale gas costs 2,647 856 Materials and supplies - at average cost 8,950 9,676 Rate deferrals 35,191 31,544 Income tax receivable - 20,172 Prepayments and other 4,529 5,636 ------------ ------------ Total 148,867 118,251 ------------ ------------ Deferred Debits and Other Assets: Regulatory assets: Rate deferrals 137,916 173,127 SFAS 109 regulatory asset-net 6,813 8,792 Unamortized loss on reacquired debt 1,932 2,361 Other regulatory assets 9,204 5,647 Other 1,047 3,681 ------------ ------------ Total 156,912 193,608 ------------ ------------ TOTAL $ 596,206 $ 592,894 ============ ============ See Notes to Financial Statements.
NEW ORLEANS PUBLIC SERVICE INC. BALANCE SHEETS CAPITALIZATION AND LIABILITIES
December 31, ------------ ------------ 1995 1994 ------------ ------------ (In Thousands) Capitalization: Common stock, $4 par value, authorized 10,000,000 shares; issued and outstanding 8,435,900 shares in 1995 and 1994 $ 33,744 $ 33,744 Paid-in capital 36,306 36,201 Retained earnings subsequent to the elimination of the accumulated deficit on November 30, 1988 81,261 78,886 ------------ ------------ Total common shareholder's equity 151,311 148,831 Preferred stock: Without sinking fund 19,780 19,780 With sinking fund - 3,450 Long-term debt 155,958 164,160 ------------ ------------ Total 327,049 336,221 ------------ ------------ Other Noncurrent Liabilities 17,745 19,063 ------------ ------------ Current Liabilities: Currently maturing long-term debt 38,250 24,200 Accounts payable: Associated companies 13,851 6,456 Other 24,674 19,503 Customer deposits 18,214 17,422 Accumulated deferred income taxes 9,174 4,925 Taxes accrued 5,554 2,329 Interest accrued 5,111 5,242 Other 14,345 19,982 ------------ ------------ Total 129,173 100,059 ------------ ------------ Deferred Credits: Accumulated deferred income taxes 81,654 89,246 Accumulated deferred investment tax credits 8,618 9,251 Other 31,967 39,054 ------------ ------------ Total 122,239 137,551 ------------ ------------ Commitments and Contingencies (Notes 2 and 8) TOTAL $ 596,206 $ 592,894 ============ ============ See Notes to Financial Statements.
NEW ORLEANS PUBLIC SERVICE INC. STATEMENTS OF RETAINED EARNINGS
For the Years Ended December 31, ------------------------------------------------------------------- 1995 1994 1993 ------------------- ------------------- ------------------- (In Thousands) Retained Earnings, January 1 $ 78,886 $ 100,556 $ 98,560 Add: Net income 34,386 13,211 47,709 ------------------- ------------------- ------------------- Total 113,272 113,767 146,269 ------------------- ------------------- ------------------- Deduct: Dividends declared: Preferred stock 1,231 1,536 1,768 Common stock 30,600 33,300 43,900 Capital stock expenses 180 45 45 ------------------- ------------------- ------------------- Total 32,011 34,881 45,713 ------------------- ------------------- ------------------- Retained Earnings, December 31 (Note 7) $ 81,261 $ 78,886 $ 100,556 =================== =================== =================== See Notes to Financial Statements.
NEW ORLEANS PUBLIC SERVICE INC. SELECTED FINANCIAL DATA - FIVE-YEAR COMPARISON
1995 1994 1993 1992 1991 ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- (In Thousands) Operating revenues $474,670 $447,787 $514,822 $464,879 $476,165 Income before $34,386 $13,211 $36,761 $26,424 $ 74,699 cumulative effect of a change in accounting principle Total assets $596,206 $592,894 $647,605 $621,691 $ 685,217 Long-term $155,958 $167,610 $193,262 $165,917 $ 231,901 obligations (1)
(1) Includes long-term debt (excluding currently maturing debt) and preferred stock with sinking fund. See Notes 1, 3, and 9 for the effect of accounting changes in 1993.
1995 1994 1993 1992 1991 ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- (In Thousands) Electric Operating Revenues: Residential $ 141,353 $ 142,013 $ 151,423 $ 137,668 $ 136,030 Commercial 144,374 162,410 167,788 160,229 159,118 Industrial 22,842 25,422 26,205 23,860 24,062 Governmental 52,880 58,726 61,548 56,023 55,097 ------- -------- -------- -------- ------- Total retail 361,449 388,571 406,964 377,780 374,307 Sales for resale Associated 3,217 2,061 2,487 3,086 2,759 companies Non-associated 9,864 7,512 9,291 7,234 7,046 companies Other (1) 19,864 (37,714) 5,088 3,836 15,102 ------- -------- -------- -------- ------- Total $ 394,394 $ 360,430 $ 423,830 $ 391,936 $ 399,214 ======= ======= ======= ======= ======= Billed Electric Energy Sales (Millions of KWh): Residential 2,049 1,896 1,914 1,806 1,844 Commercial 2,079 2,031 1,989 1,977 2,023 Industrial 537 518 499 457 487 Governmental 983 951 924 888 887 ------- -------- -------- -------- ------- Total retail 5,648 5,396 5,326 5,128 5,241 Sales for resale Associated 149 92 89 155 145 companies Non-associated 297 202 262 250 273 companies ------- -------- -------- -------- ------- Total 6,094 5,690 5,677 5,533 5,659 ======= ======= ======= ======= =======
(1) 1994 includes the effects of the 1994 NOPSI Settlement. REPORT OF INDEPENDENT ACCOUNTANTS To the Board of Directors and Shareholder of System Energy Resources, Inc. We have audited the accompanying balance sheets of System Energy Resources, Inc. as of December 31, 1995 and 1994, and the related statements of income, retained earnings and cash flows for the years then ended. These financial statements are the responsibility of the Company's management. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on these financial statements based on our audits. The financial statements of the Company for the year ended December 31, 1993, were audited by other auditors, whose report, dated February 11, 1994, expressed an unqualified opinion on these financial statements. We conducted our audits in accordance with generally accepted auditing standards. Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the financial statements are free of material misstatement. An audit includes examining, on a test basis, evidence supporting the amounts and disclosures in the financial statements. An audit also includes assessing the accounting principles used and significant estimates made by management, as well as evaluating the overall financial statement presentation. We believe that our audits provide a reasonable basis for our opinion. In our opinion, the financial statements referred to above present fairly, in all material respects, the financial position of the Company as of December 31, 1995 and 1994, and the results of its operations and its cash flows for the years then ended in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles. COOPERS & LYBRAND L.L.P. New Orleans, Louisiana February 14, 1996 INDEPENDENT AUDITORS' REPORT To the Shareholders and the Board of Directors of System Energy Resources, Inc. We have audited the accompanying statements of income, retained earnings, and cash flows of System Energy Resources, Inc. (System Energy) for the year ended December 31, 1993. These financial statements are the responsibility of System Energy's management. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on these financial statements based on our audit. We conducted our audit in accordance with generally accepted auditing standards. Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the financial statements are free of material misstatement. An audit includes examining, on a test basis, evidence supporting the amounts and disclosures in the financial statements. An audit also includes assessing the accounting principles used and significant estimates made by management, as well as evaluating the overall financial statement presentation. We believe that our audit provides a reasonable basis for our opinion. In our opinion, such financial statements present fairly, in all material respects, the results of System Energy's operations and its cash flows for the year ended December 31, 1993 in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles. DELOITTE & TOUCHE LLP New Orleans, Louisiana February 11, 1994 (November 30, 1994 as to Note 2, "Rate and Regulatory Matters - FERC Settlement") SYSTEM ENERGY RESOURCES, INC. MANAGEMENT'S FINANCIAL DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS RESULTS OF OPERATIONS Net Income Net income increased in 1995 primarily due to the effect of the FERC Settlement which reduced 1994 net income by $80.2 million. See Note 2 for a discussion of the FERC Settlement. This was partially offset by revenues being adversely impacted by a lower return on System Energy's decreasing investment in Grand Gulf 1. These factors also resulted in the decrease in 1994 net income. Significant factors affecting the results of operations and causing variances between the years 1995 and 1994, and 1994 and 1993, are discussed under "Revenues" and "Expenses" below. Revenues Operating revenues increased in 1995 due primarily to the effect of the FERC Settlement on 1994 revenues as discussed in "Net Income" above and the recovery of increased expenses in connection with a Grand Gulf 1 refueling outage offset by a lower return on System Energy's decreasing investment in Grand Gulf 1. Revenues attributable to the return on investment are expected to continue to decline each year as a result of the depreciation of System Energy's investment in Grand Gulf 1. Operating revenues decreased in 1994 due primarily to the effect of the FERC Settlement as discussed in "Net Income" above, a lower return on System Energy's decreasing investment in Grand Gulf 1, and decreased operation and maintenance expenses. See Note 1 for a description of the components of System Energy's operating revenues. Expenses Operating expenses increased in 1995 due primarily to higher nuclear refueling outage expenses, higher depreciation, amortization, and decommissioning, and higher income taxes, partially offset by lower fuel expenses as a result of the refueling outage. Grand Gulf 1 was on-line for 285 days in 1995 as compared with 345 days in 1994. The difference in the on-line days was primarily due to the unit's seventh refueling outage that lasted from April 15, 1995, to June 21, 1995 (68 days), and, to a lesser extent, unplanned outages in 1995 totaling 12 days, compared to 20 days in 1994. Depreciation, amortization, and decommissioning increased due to a $4 million increase in amortization (as a result of the reclassification of $81 million of Grand Gulf 1 costs and the accelerated amortization of the reclassified costs over a ten-year period in accordance with the 1994 FERC Settlement) and $1 million in decommissioning. Total income taxes increased in 1995 due primarily to higher pretax book income. Operating expenses decreased in 1994 due primarily to lower other operation and maintenance expenses and lower income taxes. The lower level of outages for 1994 increased fuel for electric generation, but was partially offset by less expensive nuclear fuel and increased operating efficiency. Nonfuel operation and maintenance expenses decreased significantly in 1994 due to declines in contract work expenses, employee benefits, and materials and supplies expenses. Total income taxes decreased in 1994 due primarily to lower pretax book income Interest charges decreased in both 1995 and 1994 due primarily to the retirement and refinancing of high-cost long-term debt partially offset by interest associated with the FERC Settlement refunds. SYSTEM ENERGY RESOURCES, INC. STATEMENTS OF INCOME
For the Years Ended December 31, -------------------- - -------------------- - -------------------- 1995 1994 1993 -------------------- -------------------- -------------------- (In Thousands) Operating Revenues $ 605,639 $ 474,963 $ 650,768 -------------------- -------------------- -------------------- Operating Expenses: Operation and maintenance: Fuel and fuel-related expenses 40,262 48,107 42,296 Nuclear refueling outage expenses 24,935 - 27,933 Other operation and maintenance 98,441 96,504 107,416 Depreciation, amortization, and decommissioning 100,747 93,861 90,920 Taxes other than income taxes 27,549 26,637 26,589 Income taxes 77,410 38,087 83,412 -------------------- -------------------- -------------------- Total 369,344 303,196 378,566 -------------------- -------------------- -------------------- Operating Income 236,295 171,767 272,202 -------------------- -------------------- -------------------- Other Income (Deductions): Allowance for equity funds used during construction 1,878 1,090 772 Miscellaneous - net 2,492 6,402 6,518 Income taxes 1,917 1,250 4,859 -------------------- -------------------- -------------------- Total 6,287 8,742 12,149 -------------------- -------------------- -------------------- Interest Charges: Interest on long-term debt 143,020 169,248 189,338 Other interest - net 8,491 7,257 1,600 Allowance for borrowed funds used during construction (1,968) (1,403) (514) -------------------- -------------------- -------------------- Total 149,543 175,102 190,424 -------------------- -------------------- -------------------- Net Income $ 93,039 $ 5,407 $ 93,927 ==================== ==================== ==================== See Notes to Financial Statements.
SYSTEM ENERGY RESOURCES, INC. STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
For the Years Ended December 31, ---------------- ---------------- ---------------- 1995 1994 1993 ---------------- ---------------- ---------------- (In Thousands) Operating Activities: Net income $ 93,039 $ 5,407 $ 93,927 Noncash items included in net income: Depreciation, amortization, and decommissioning 100,747 93,861 90,920 Deferred income taxes and investment tax credits (45,337) (30,640) 15,832 Allowance for equity funds used during construction (1,878) (1,090) (772) Changes in working capital: Receivables (66,433) 48,411 6,199 Accounts payable (18,955) 35,469 (15,123) Taxes accrued 37,266 14,430 (2,272) Interest accrued (4,053) (8,133) (1,631) Other working capital accounts (21,874) 14,024 2,832 Recoverable income taxes - 92,689 130,152 Decommissioning trust contributions (5,414) (5,157) (4,911) FERC Settlement - refund obligation (3,540) 60,388 - Provision for estimated losses and reserves 3,167 (2,371) 1,377 Other 29,725 19,699 1,526 ---------------- ---------------- ---------------- Net cash flow provided by operating activities 96,460 336,987 318,056 ---------------- ---------------- ---------------- Investing Activities: Construction expenditures (21,747) (20,766) (23,083) Allowance for equity funds used during construction 1,878 1,090 772 Nuclear fuel purchases (51,455) (26,414) (32,822) Proceeds from sale/leaseback of nuclear fuel 52,188 - 32,822 ---------------- ---------------- ---------------- Net cash flow used in investing activities (19,136) (46,090) (22,311) ---------------- ---------------- ---------------- Financing Activities: Proceeds from the issuance of: First mortgage bonds - 59,410 60,000 Other long-term debt 73,343 - - Retirement of: First mortgage bonds (105,000) (260,000) (108,308) Other long-term debt (45,320) - - Premium and expenses paid on refinancing sale/leaseback bonds - (48,436) - Changes in short-term borrowings 2,990 - - Common stock dividends paid (92,800) (148,300) (233,100) ---------------- ---------------- ---------------- Net cash flow used in financing activities (166,787) (397,326) (281,408) ---------------- ---------------- ---------------- Net increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents (89,463) (106,429) 14,337 Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period 89,703 196,132 181,795 ---------------- ---------------- ---------------- Cash and cash equivalents at end of period $ 240 $ 89,703 $ 196,132 ================ ================ ================ SUPPLEMENTAL DISCLOSURE OF CASH FLOW INFORMATION: Cash paid during the period for: Interest - net of amount capitalized $ 147,492 $ 176,503 $ 186,786 Income taxes (refund) $ 87,016 $ (39,586) $ (65,992) Noncash investing and financing activities: Capital lease obligation incurred - - $ 45,089 Change in unrealized appreciation/depreciation of decommissioning trust assets $ 3,061 $ (1,515) - See Notes to Financial Statements.
SYSTEM ENERGY RESOURCES, INC. BALANCE SHEETS ASSETS
December 31, ------------ ------------ 1995 1994 ------------ ------------ (In Thousands) Utility Plant: Electric $ 2,977,303 $ 2,939,384 Electric plant under lease 444,305 439,378 Construction work in progress 35,946 46,547 Nuclear fuel under capital lease 71,374 46,688 Nuclear fuel - 26,360 ------------ ------------ Total 3,528,928 3,498,357 Less - accumulated depreciation and amortization 861,752 751,717 ------------ ------------ Utility plant - net 2,667,176 2,746,640 ------------ ------------ Other Property and Investments: Decommissioning trust fund 40,927 30,359 ------------ ------------ Current Assets: Cash and cash equivalents: Cash 240 - Temporary cash investments - at cost, which approximates market: Associated companies - 5,489 Other - 84,214 ------------ ------------ Total cash and cash equivalents 240 89,703 Accounts receivable: Associated companies 72,458 7,450 Other 4,837 3,412 Materials and supplies - at average cost 67,661 71,991 Prepayments and other 16,050 5,429 ------------ ------------ Total 161,246 177,985 ------------ ------------ Deferred Debits and Other Assets: Regulatory assets: SFAS 109 regulatory asset-net 291,181 389,264 Unamortized loss on reacquired debt 52,702 54,577 Other regulatory assets 203,731 199,080 Other 14,049 15,454 ------------ ------------ Total 561,663 658,375 ------------ ------------ TOTAL $ 3,431,012 $ 3,613,359 ============ ============ See Notes to Financial Statements.
SYSTEM ENERGY RESOURCES, INC. BALANCE SHEETS CAPITALIZATION AND LIABILITIES
December 31, ------------ ------------ 1995 1994 ------------ ------------ (In Thousands) Capitalization: Common stock, no par value, authorized 1,000,000 shares; issued and outstanding 789,350 shares in 1995 and 1994 $ 789,350 $ 789,350 Paid-in capital 7 7 Retained earnings 85,920 85,681 ------------ ------------ Total common shareholder's equity 875,277 875,038 Long-term debt 1,219,917 1,438,305 ------------ ------------ Total 2,095,194 2,313,343 ------------ ------------ Other Noncurrent Liabilities: Obligations under capital leases 44,107 18,688 Other 16,068 14,342 ------------ ------------ 60,175 33,030 ------------ ------------ Current Liabilities: Currently maturing long-term debt 250,000 105,000 Notes payable-associated companies 2,990 - Accounts payable: Associated companies 17,458 32,272 Other 19,063 23,204 Taxes accrued 72,648 35,382 Interest accrued 36,743 40,796 Obligations under capital lease 28,000 28,000 Other 4,211 19,794 ------------ ------------ Total 431,113 284,448 ------------ ------------ Deferred Credits: Accumulated deferred income taxes 602,182 746,502 Accumulated deferred investment tax credits 107,119 110,584 FERC Settlement - refund obligation 56,848 60,388 Other 78,381 65,064 ------------ ------------ Total 844,530 982,538 ------------ ------------ Commitments and Contingencies (Notes 2, 8, and 9) TOTAL $ 3,431,012 $ 3,613,359 ============ ============ See Notes to Financial Statements.
SYSTEM ENERGY RESOURCES, INC. STATEMENTS OF RETAINED EARNINGS
For the Years Ended December 31, ------------------------------------------------------------------- 1995 1994 1993 ------------------- ------------------- ------------------- (In Thousands) Retained Earnings, January 1 $ 85,681 $ 228,574 $ 367,747 Add: Net income 93,039 5,407 93,927 ------------------- ------------------- ------------------- Total 178,720 233,981 461,674 ------------------- ------------------- ------------------- Deduct: Dividends declared 92,800 148,300 233,100 ------------------- ------------------- ------------------- Retained Earnings, December 31 (Note 7) $ 85,920 $ 85,681 $ 228,574 =================== =================== =================== See Notes to Financial Statements.
SYSTEM ENERGY RESOURCES, INC. SELECTED FINANCIAL DATA - FIVE-YEAR COMPARISON
1995 1994 1993 1992 1991 ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- (Dollars in Thousands) Operating revenues $605,639 $474,963 $650,768 $723,410 $ 686,664 Net income $93,039 $5,407 $93,927 $130,141 $ 104,622 Total assets $3,431,012 $3,613,359 $3,891,066 $3,672,441 $ 3,642,203 Long-term $1,264,024 $1,456,993 $1,536,593 $1,768,299 $ 1,707,471 obligations (1) Electric energy sales (Millions of KWh) 7,212 8,653 7,113 7,354 8,220
(1) Includes long-term debt (excluding current maturities) and noncurrent capital lease obligations. See Note 2 for information with respect to refunds and charges resulting from the FERC Settlement in 1994 and Note 3 for the effect of the accounting change for income taxes in 1993. ENTERGY CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES NOTES TO FINANCIAL STATEMENTS NOTE 1. SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES (Entergy Corporation, AP&L, GSU, LP&L, MP&L, NOPSI, and System Energy) The accompanying consolidated financial statements include the accounts of Entergy Corporation and its direct subsidiaries: AP&L, GSU, LP&L, MP&L, NOPSI, System Energy, Entergy Services, Entergy Operations, Entergy Power, Entergy Enterprises, System Fuels, Entergy S.A., Entergy Argentina S.A., Entergy Power Marketing Corporation, Entergy Power Development Corporation, Entergy Argentina S.A., Ltd., Entergy Transener S.A., Entergy Power Development International Holdings, Inc., and Entergy Power Development International Holdings. A number of these subsidiaries have additional subsidiaries. Because the acquisition of GSU was consummated on December 31, 1993, under the purchase method of accounting, GSU's operations were not included in the consolidated amounts for the year ended December 31, 1993. GSU is included in all of the consolidated financial statements for 1994 and 1995. All references made to Entergy or the System as of, and subsequent to, the Merger closing date include amounts and information pertaining to GSU as an Entergy company. All significant intercompany transactions have been eliminated. Entergy Corporation's utility subsidiaries maintain accounts in accordance with FERC and other regulatory guidelines. Certain previously reported amounts have been reclassified to conform to current classifications with no effect on net income or shareholders' equity. Use of Estimates in the Preparation of Financial Statements - - - - ----------------------------------------------------------- The preparation of Entergy Corporation and its subsidiaries' financial statements, in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles, requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities as of December 31, 1995 and 1994, and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during fiscal years 1995, 1994, and 1993. Adjustments to the reported amounts of assets and liabilities may be necessary in the future to the extent that future estimates or actual results are different from the estimates used in 1995 financial statements. Revenues and Fuel Costs - - - - ----------------------- AP&L, LP&L, and MP&L generate, transmit, and distribute electricity (primarily to retail customers) in the States of Arkansas, Louisiana, and Mississippi, respectively. GSU generates, transmits, and distributes electricity primarily to retail customers in the States of Texas and Louisiana; distributes gas at retail in the City of Baton Rouge, Louisiana, and vicinity; and also sells steam to a large refinery complex in Baton Rouge. NOPSI sells both electricity and gas to retail customers in the city of New Orleans (except for Algiers where LP&L is the electricity supplier). System Energy's operating revenues recover operating expenses, depreciation, and capital costs attributable to Grand Gulf 1 from AP&L, LP&L, MP&L, and NOPSI. Capital costs are computed by allowing a return on System Energy's common equity funds allocable to its net investment in Grand Gulf 1, plus System Energy's effective interest cost for its debt allocable to its investment in Grand Gulf 1. See Note 2 for a discussion of System Energy's proposed rate increase. A portion of AP&L's and LP&L's purchase of power from Grand Gulf has not been included in the determination of the cost of service to retail customers by the APSC and LPSC, respectively, as described in Note 2. The Operating Companies accrue estimated revenues for energy delivered since the latest billings. However, prior to January 1, 1993, AP&L, GSU, MP&L, and NOPSI recognized electric and gas revenues when billed. To provide a better matching of revenues and expenses, effective January 1, 1993, AP&L, GSU, MP&L, and NOPSI adopted a change in accounting principle to provide for the accrual of estimated unbilled revenues. The cumulative effect (excluding GSU) of this accounting change as of January 1, 1993, increased System 1993 net income by $93.8 million (net of income taxes of $57.2 million), or $0.54 per share. The impacts on the individual operating companies are shown below: Net of Tax Total Tax Effect ------------ ---------- --------- (In Thousands) AP&L $81,327 $31,140 $50,187 MP&L 52,162 19,456 32,706 NOPSI 17,540 6,592 10,948 ------------ ---------- --------- System $151,029 $57,188 $93,841 ============= =========== ========== In accordance with a LPSC rate order, GSU recorded a deferred credit of $16.6 million for the January 1, 1993, amount of unbilled revenues. See Note 2 regarding GSU's subsequent appeals of the LPSC order regarding deferred unbilled revenues. The Operating Companies' rate schedules (except GSU's Texas retail rate schedules) include fuel adjustment clauses that allow either current recovery or deferrals of fuel costs until such costs are reflected in the related revenues. GSU's Texas retail rate schedules include a fixed fuel factor approved by the PUCT, which remains in effect until changed as part of a general rate case, fuel reconciliation, or fixed fuel factor filing. Utility Plant - - - - ------------- Utility plant is stated at original cost. The original cost of utility plant retired or removed, plus the applicable removal costs, less salvage, is charged to accumulated depreciation. Maintenance, repairs, and minor replacement costs are charged to operating expenses. Substantially all of the utility plant is subject to liens of the subsidiaries' mortgage bond indentures. Utility plant includes the portions of Grand Gulf 1 and Waterford 3 that were sold and currently are leased back. For financial reporting purposes, these sale and leaseback transactions are reflected as financing transactions. Net electric utility plant in service, by company and functional category, as of December 31, 1995 (excluding owned and leased nuclear fuel and the plant acquisition adjustment related to the Merger), is shown below:
Production Transmission Distribution Other Total ---------- ------------ ------------ ----- ----- ( In Millions) AP&L $1,203 $424 $867 $147 $2,641 GSU 3,110 430 725 179 4,444 LP&L 2,303 239 766 68 3,376 MP&L 228 260 389 69 946 NOPSI 22 20 145 18 205 System Energy 2,534 12 - 14 2,560 System 9,532 1,387 2,892 593 14,404
Depreciation is computed on the straight-line basis at rates based on the estimated service lives and costs of removal of the various classes of property. Depreciation rates on average depreciable property are shown below:
System System AP&L GSU LP&L MP&L NOPSI Energy ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ 1995 2.9% 3.3% 2.7% 3.0% 2.4% 3.1% 2.9% 1994 3.0% 3.4% 2.7% 3.0% 2.4% 3.1% 3.0% 1993 3.0% 3.4% 2.7% 3.0% 2.4% 3.1% 2.9%
AFUDC represents the approximate net composite interest cost of borrowed funds and a reasonable return on the equity funds used for construction. Although AFUDC increases both utility plant and earnings, it is only realized in cash through depreciation provisions included in rates. Jointly-Owned Generating Stations - - - - --------------------------------- Certain Entergy Corporation subsidiaries own undivided interests in several jointly-owned electric generating facilities and record the investments and expenses associated with these generating stations to the extent of their respective ownership interests. As of December 31, 1995, the subsidiaries' investment and accumulated depreciation in each of these generating stations were as follows:
Total Generating Fuel Megawatt Accumulated Stations Type Capability Ownership Investment Depreciation - - - - -------------- ----- --------- --------- ---------- ----------- (In Thousands) AP&L Independence Unit 1 Coal 836 31.50% $117,526 $40,733 Common Facilities Coal 15.75% 29,674 9,207 White Bluff Units 1&2 Coal 1,660 57.00% 398,292 157,008 GSU River Bend Unit 1 Nuclear 936 70.00% 3,067,996 670,020 Roy S. Nelson Unit 6 Coal 550 70.00% 390,036 155,997 Big Cajun 2 Unit 3 Coal 540 42.00% 219,990 80,522 MP&L - Independence Units 1&2 Coal 1,678 25.00% 221,512 75,482 Common Facilities Coal 3,326 91 System Energy Grand Gulf Unit 1 Nuclear 1,143 90.00% 3,409,317 861,752 Entergy Power- Independence Unit 2 Coal 842 31.50% 178,292 54,436
Income Taxes - - - - ------------ Entergy Corporation and its subsidiaries file a consolidated federal income tax return. Income taxes are allocated to the System companies in proportion to their contribution to consolidated taxable income. SEC regulations require that no Entergy Corporation subsidiary pay more taxes than it would have paid if a separate income tax return had been filed. Deferred income taxes are recorded for all temporary differences between the book and tax basis of assets and liabilities and for certain credits available for carryforward. Deferred tax assets are reduced by a valuation allowance when, in the opinion of management, it is more likely than not that some portion of the deferred tax assets will not be realized. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are adjusted for the effects of changes in tax laws and rates on the date of enactment. Investment tax credits are deferred and amortized based upon the average useful life of the related property in accordance with rate treatment. As discussed in Note 3, in 1993 Entergy changed its accounting for income taxes to conform with SFAS 109, "Accounting for Income Taxes." Acquisition Adjustment - - - - ---------------------- Entergy Corporation, upon completion of the Merger in December 1993, recorded an acquisition adjustment in utility plant in the amount of $380 million, representing the excess of the purchase price over the historical cost of the GSU net assets acquired. During 1994, Entergy recorded an additional $124 million of acquisition adjustment related to the resolution of certain preacquisition contingencies and appropriate allocation of purchase price. The acquisition adjustment is being amortized on a straight-line basis over a 31-year period beginning January 1, 1994, which approximates the remaining average book life of the plant acquired as a result of the Merger. As of December 31, 1995, the unamortized balance of the acquisition adjustment was $472 million. The System anticipates that its future net cash flows will be sufficient to recover such amortization. Reacquired Debt - - - - --------------- The premiums and costs associated with reacquired debt are being amortized over the life of the related new issuances, in accordance with ratemaking treatment. Cash and Cash Equivalents - - - - ------------------------- Entergy considers all unrestricted highly liquid debt instruments purchased with an original maturity of three months or less to be cash equivalents. Continued Application of SFAS 71 - - - - -------------------------------- As a result of the EPAct, other Federal laws, and actions of regulatory commissions, the electric utility industry is moving toward a combination of competition and a modified regulatory environment. The Operating Companies' and System Energy's financial statements currently reflect, for the most part, assets and costs based on cost- based ratemaking regulation, in accordance with SFAS 71, "Accounting for the Effects of Certain Types of Regulation." Continued applicability of SFAS 71 to the System's financial statements requires that rates set by an independent regulator on a cost-of-service basis (including a reasonable rate of return on invested capital) can actually be charged to and collected from customers. In the event either all or a portion of a utility's operations cease to meet those criteria for various reasons, including deregulation, a change in the method of regulation or a change in the competitive environment for the utility's regulated services, the utility should discontinue application of SFAS 71 for the relevant portion. That discontinuation would be reported by elimination from the balance sheet of the effects of any actions of regulators recorded as regulatory assets and liabilities. As of December 31, 1995, and for the foreseeable future, the System's financial statements continue to follow SFAS 71, with the exceptions noted below. SFAS 101 - - - - -------- SFAS 101, "Accounting for the Discontinuation of Application of FASB Statement No. 71," specifies how an enterprise that ceases to meet the criteria for application of SFAS 71 to all or part of its operations should report that event in its financial statements. GSU discontinued regulatory accounting principles for its wholesale jurisdiction and its steam department during 1989 and for the Louisiana retail deregulated portion of River Bend in 1991. The results of Entergy's deregulated operations (before interest charges) for the years ended December 31, 1995, 1994, and 1993 are as follows:
1995 1994 1993 ------- ------- ------- (In Thousands) Operating Revenues Operating Expenses $141,171 $ 138,822 $141,399 Fuel, operating, and maintenance 105,733 116,386 120,177 Depreciation 31,129 27,890 28,554 Income taxes (2,914) (249) (4,411) ------- ------- ------- Total Operating Expenses 133,948 144,027 144,320 ------- ------- ------- Net Income (Loss) From Deregulated Utility Operations $ 7,223 $(5,205) $(2,921) ======== ======== ========
SFAS 121 - - - - -------- In March 1995, the FASB issued SFAS 121, "Accounting for the Impairment of Long-Lived Assets and for Long-Lived Assets to Be Disposed Of" (SFAS 121), which became effective January 1, 1996. This statement describes circumstances that may result in assets (including goodwill such as the Merger acquisition adjustment, discussed above) being impaired. The statement also provides criteria for recognition and measurement of asset impairment. Note 2 describes regulatory assets of $169 million (net of tax) related to Texas retail deferred River Bend operating and carrying costs. These deferred costs will be required to be written off upon the adoption of SFAS 121. Certain other assets and operations of the Operating Companies totaling approximately $1.7 billion (pre-tax) could be affected by SFAS 121 in the future. Those assets include AP&L's and LP&L's retained shares of Grand Gulf 1, GSU's Louisiana deregulated asset plan, and its Texas jurisdiction abeyed portion of the River Bend plant, in addition to the wholesale jurisdiction and steam department operations of GSU. As discussed above, GSU has previously discontinued the application of SFAS 71 for the Louisiana deregulated asset plan, operations under the wholesale jurisdiction, and the steam department. Entergy periodically reviews these assets and operations in order to determine if the carrying value of such assets will be recovered. Generally, this determination is based on the net cash flows expected to result from such operations and assets. Projected net cash flows depend on the future operating costs associated with the assets, the efficiency and availability of the assets and generating units, and the future market and price for energy over the remaining life of the assets. Based on current estimates of future cash flows as prescribed under SFAS 121, management anticipates that future revenues from such assets and operations of Entergy will fully recover all related costs. Change in Accounting for Nuclear Refueling Outage Costs (Entergy - - - - ------------------------------------------------------- Corporation and AP&L) In December 1995, at the recommendation of FERC, AP&L changed its method of accounting for nuclear refueling outage costs. The change, effective January 1, 1995, results in AP&L deferring incremental maintenance costs incurred during an outage and amortizing those costs over the operating period immediately following the nuclear refueling outage, which is the period that the charges are billed to customers. Previously, estimated costs of refueling outages were accrued over the period (generally 18 months) preceding each scheduled outage. The effect of the change for the year ended December 31, 1995, was to decrease net income by $5.1 million (net of income taxes of $3.3 million) or $.02 per share. The cumulative effect of the change was to increase net income $35.4 million (net of income taxes of $22.9 million) or $.15 per share. The pro forma effects of the change in accounting for nuclear refueling outages in 1994 and 1993, assuming the new method was applied retroactively to those years, would have been to decrease net income $3.2 million (net of income taxes of $2.1 million) and $6.5 million (net of income taxes of $4.2 million), respectively, or $.01 per share and $.04 per share, respectively. Fair Value Disclosures - - - - ---------------------- The estimated fair value of financial instruments was determined using bid prices reported by dealer markets and by nationally recognized investment banking firms. Considerable judgment is required in developing the estimates of fair value. Therefore, estimates are not necessarily indicative of the amounts that Entergy could realize in a current market exchange. In addition, gains or losses realized on financial instruments may be reflected in future rates and not accrue to the benefit of stockholders. Entergy considers the carrying amounts of financial instruments classified as current assets and liabilities to be a reasonable estimate of their fair value because of the short maturity of these instruments. In addition, Entergy does not expect that performance of its obligations will be required in connection with certain off-balance sheet commitments and guarantees considered financial instruments. Due to this factor, and because of the related-party nature of these commitments and guarantees, determination of fair value is not considered practicable. See Notes 5, 6, and 8 for additional disclosure concerning fair value methodologies. NOTE 2. RATE AND REGULATORY MATTERS Merger-Related Rate Agreements (Entergy Corporation, AP&L, GSU, LP&L, - - - - ------------------------------ MP&L, and NOPSI) In November 1993, Entergy Corporation, AP&L, MP&L, and NOPSI entered into separate settlement agreements whereby the APSC, MPSC, and Council agreed to withdraw from the SEC proceeding related to the Merger. In return AP&L, MP&L, and NOPSI agreed, among other things, that their retail ratepayers would be protected from (1) increases in the cost of capital resulting from risks associated with the Merger, (2) recovery of any portion of the acquisition premium or transactional costs associated with the Merger, (3) certain direct allocations of costs associated with GSU's River Bend nuclear unit, and (4) any losses of GSU resulting from resolution of litigation in connection with its ownership of River Bend. AP&L and MP&L agreed not to request any general retail rate increase that would take effect before November 1998, except for, among other things, increases associated with the recovery of certain Grand Gulf 1-related costs, recovery of certain taxes, and catastrophic events, and in the case of AP&L, excess capacity costs and costs related to the adoption of SFAS 106 that were previously deferred. MP&L agreed that retail base rates under the formula rate plan would not be increased above November 1, 1993, levels for a period of five years beginning November 9, 1993. In 1993, the LPSC and the PUCT approved separate regulatory proposals for GSU that include the following elements: (1) a five-year Rate Cap on GSU's retail electric base rates in the respective states, except for force majeure (defined to include, among other things, war, natural catastrophes, and high inflation); (2) a provision for passing through to retail customers the jurisdictional portion of the fuel savings created by the Merger; and (3) a mechanism for tracking nonfuel operation and maintenance savings created by the Merger. The LPSC regulatory plan provides that such nonfuel savings will be shared 60% by shareholders and 40% by ratepayers during the eight years following the Merger. The LPSC plan requires annual regulatory filings by the end of May through the year 2001. The PUCT regulatory plan provides that such savings will be shared equally by shareholders and ratepayers, except that the shareholders' portion will be reduced by $2.6 million per year on a total company basis in years four through eight. The PUCT plan also requires a series of future regulatory filings in November 1996, 1998, and 2001 to ensure that the ratepayers' share of such savings be reflected in rates on a timely basis. In addition, the plan requires Entergy Corporation to hold GSU's Texas retail customers harmless from the effects of the removal by FERC of a 40% cap on the amount of fuel savings GSU may be required to transfer to other Operating Companies under the FERC tracking mechanism (see below). On January 14, 1994, Entergy Corporation filed a petition for review before the D.C. Circuit seeking review of FERC's deletion of the 40% cap provision in the fuel cost protection mechanism. The matter is currently being held in abeyance. FERC approved GSU's inclusion in the System Agreement. Commitments were adopted to provide reasonable assurance that the ratepayers of AP&L, LP&L, MP&L, and NOPSI will not be allocated higher costs including, among other things, (1) a tracking mechanism to protect AP&L, LP&L, MP&L, and NOPSI from certain unexpected increases in fuel costs, (2) the distribution of profits from power sales contracts entered into prior to the Merger, (3) a methodology to estimate the cost of capital in future FERC proceedings, and (4) a stipulation that AP&L, LP&L, MP&L, and NOPSI will be insulated from certain direct effects on capacity equalization payments if GSU were to acquire Cajun's 30% share in River Bend. The Operating Companies' regulatory authorities can elect to "opt out" of the fuel tracker, but are not required to make such an election until FERC has approved the respective Operating Company's compliance filing. The City and the MPSC have made such an election. River Bend (Entergy Corporation and GSU) - - - - ----------- In May 1988, the PUCT granted GSU a permanent increase in annual revenues of $59.9 million resulting from the inclusion in rate base of approximately $1.6 billion of company-wide River Bend plant investment and approximately $182 million of related Texas retail jurisdiction deferred River Bend costs (Allowed Deferrals). In addition, the PUCT disallowed as imprudent $63.5 million of company-wide River Bend plant costs and placed in abeyance, with no finding of prudence, approximately $1.4 billion of company-wide River Bend plant investment and approximately $157 million of Texas retail jurisdiction deferred River Bend operating and carrying costs. The PUCT affirmed that the rate treatment of such amounts would be subject to future demonstration of the prudence of such costs. GSU and intervening parties appealed this order (Rate Appeal) and GSU filed a separate rate case asking, among other things, that the abeyed River Bend plant costs be found prudent (Separate Rate Case). Intervening parties filed suit in a Texas district court to prohibit the Separate Rate Case and prevailed. The district court's decision in favor of the intervenors was ultimately appealed to the Texas Supreme Court, which ruled in 1990 that the prudence of the purported abeyed costs could not be relitigated in a separate rate proceeding. The Texas Supreme Court's decision stated that all issues relating to the merits of the original PUCT order, including the prudence of all River Bend-related costs, should be addressed in the Rate Appeal. In October 1991, the Texas district court in the Rate Appeal issued an order holding that, while it was clear the PUCT made an error in assuming it could set aside $1.4 billion of the total costs of River Bend and consider them in a later proceeding, the PUCT, nevertheless, found that GSU had not met its burden of proof related to the amounts placed in abeyance. The court also ruled that the Allowed Deferrals should not be included in rate base. The court further stated that the PUCT had erred in reducing GSU's deferred costs by $1.50 for each $1.00 of revenue collected under the interim rate increases authorized in 1987 and 1988. The court remanded the case to the PUCT with instructions as to the proper handling of the Allowed Deferrals. GSU's motion for rehearing was denied and, in December 1991, GSU filed an appeal of the October 1991 district court order. The PUCT also appealed the October 1991 district court order, which served to supersede the district court's judgment, rendering it unenforceable under Texas law. In August 1994, the Texas Third District Court of Appeals (the Appellate Court) affirmed the district court's decision that there was substantial evidence to support the PUCT's 1988 decision not to include the abeyed construction costs in GSU's rate base. While acknowledging that the PUCT had exceeded its authority in attempting to defer a decision on the inclusion of those costs in rate base in order to allow GSU a further opportunity to demonstrate the prudence of those costs in a subsequent proceeding, the Appellate Court found that GSU had suffered no harm or lack of due process as a result of the PUCT's error. Accordingly, the Appellate Court held that the PUCT's action had the effect of disallowing the company-wide $1.4 billion of River Bend construction costs for ratemaking purposes. In its August 1994 opinion, the Appellate Court also held that GSU's deferred operating and maintenance costs associated with the allowed portion of River Bend, as well as GSU's deferred River Bend carrying costs included in the Allowed Deferrals, should be included in rate base. The Appellate Court's August 1994 opinion affirmed the PUCT's original order in this case. The Appellate Court's August 1994 opinion was entered by two judges, with a third judge dissenting. The dissenting opinion stated that the result of the majority opinion was, among other things, to deprive GSU of due process at the PUCT because the PUCT never reached a finding on the $1.4 billion of construction costs. In October 1994, the Appellate Court denied GSU's motion for rehearing on the August 1994 opinion as to the $1.4 billion in River Bend construction costs and other matters. GSU appealed the Appellate Court's decision to the Texas Supreme Court. On February 9, 1996, the Texas Supreme Court agreed to hear the appeal. Oral arguments are scheduled for March 19, 1996. As of December 31, 1995, the River Bend plant costs disallowed for retail ratemaking purposes in Texas, the River Bend plant costs held in abeyance, and the related operating and carrying cost deferrals totaled (net of taxes) approximately $13 million, $276 million (both net of depreciation), and $169 million, respectively. Allowed Deferrals were approximately $83 million, net of taxes and amortization, as of December 31, 1995. GSU estimates it has collected approximately $182 million of revenues as of December 31, 1995, as a result of the originally ordered rate treatment by the PUCT of these deferred costs. If recovery of the Allowed Deferrals is not upheld, future revenues based upon those allowed deferrals could also be lost, and no assurance can be given as to whether or not refunds to customers of revenue received based upon such deferred costs will be required. No assurance can be given as to the timing or outcome of the remands or appeals described above. Pending further developments in these cases, GSU has made no write-offs or reserves for the River Bend- related costs. See below for a discussion of the write-off of deferred operating and carrying cost required under SFAS 121 in 1996. Based on advice from Clark, Thomas & Winters, A Professional Corporation, legal counsel of record in the Rate Appeal, management believes that it is reasonably possible that the case will be remanded to the PUCT, and the PUCT will be allowed to rule on the prudence of the abeyed River Bend plant costs. At this time, management and legal counsel are unable to predict the amount, if any, of the abeyed and previously disallowed River Bend plant costs that ultimately may be disallowed by the PUCT. A net of tax write-off as of December 31, 1995, of up to $289 million could be required based on an ultimate adverse ruling by the PUCT on the abeyed and disallowed costs. In prior proceedings, the PUCT has held that the original cost of nuclear power plants will be included in rates to the extent those costs were prudently incurred. Based upon the PUCT's prior decisions, management believes that River Bend construction costs were prudently incurred and that it is reasonably possible that it will recover in rate base, or otherwise through means such as a deregulated asset plan, all or substantially all of the abeyed River Bend plant costs. However, management also recognizes that it is reasonably possible that not all of the abeyed River Bend plant costs may ultimately be recovered. As part of its direct case in the Separate Rate Case, GSU filed a cost reconciliation study prepared by Sandlin Associates, management consultants with expertise in the cost analysis of nuclear power plants, which supports the reasonableness of the River Bend costs held in abeyance by the PUCT. This reconciliation study determined that approximately 82% of the River Bend cost increase above the amount included by the PUCT in rate base was a result of changes in federal nuclear safety requirements, and provided other support for the remainder of the abeyed amounts. There have been four other rate proceedings in Texas involving nuclear power plants. Disallowed investment in the plants ranged from 0% to 15%. Each case was unique, and the disallowances in each were made for different reasons. Appeals of two of these PUCT decisions are currently pending. The following factors support management's position that a loss contingency requiring accrual has not occurred, and its belief that all, or substantially all, of the abeyed plant costs will ultimately be recovered: 1. The $1.4 billion of abeyed River Bend plant costs have never been ruled imprudent and disallowed by the PUCT; 2. Analysis by Sandlin Associates, which supports the prudence of substantially all of the abeyed construction costs; 3. Historical inclusion by the PUCT of prudent construction costs in rate base; and 4. The analysis of GSU's legal staff, which has considerable experience in Texas rate case litigation. Based on advice from Clark, Thomas & Winters, A Professional Corporation, legal counsel of record in the Rate Appeal, management believes that it is reasonably possible that the Allowed Deferrals will continue to be recovered in rates, and that it is reasonably possible that the deferred costs related to the $1.4 billion of abeyed River Bend plant costs will be recovered in rates to the extent that the $1.4 billion of abeyed River Bend plant is recovered. The adoption of SFAS 121 became effective January 1, 1996. SFAS 121 changes the standard for continued recognition of regulatory assets and, as a result GSU will be required to write-off $169 million of rate deferrals in 1996. The standard also describes circumstances that may result in assets being impaired and provides criteria for recognition and measurement of asset impairment. See Note 1 for further information regarding SFAS 121. Filings with the PUCT and Texas Cities (Entergy Corporation and GSU) - - - - -------------------------------------- In March 1994, the Texas Office of Public Utility Counsel and certain cities served by GSU instituted an investigation of the reasonableness of GSU's rates. On March 20, 1995, the PUCT ordered a $72.9 million annual base rate reduction for the period March 31, 1994, through September 1, 1994, decreasing to an annual base rate reduction of $52.9 million after September 1, 1994. In accordance with the Merger agreement, the rate reduction was applied retroactively to March 31, 1994. On May 26, 1995, the PUCT amended its previously issued March 20, 1995 rate order, reducing the $52.9 million annual base rate reduction to an annual level of $36.5 million. The PUCT's action was based, in part, upon a Texas Supreme Court decision not to require a utility to use the prospective tax benefits generated by disallowed expenses to reduce rates. The PUCT's May 26, 1995, amended order no longer required GSU to pass such prospective tax benefits onto its customers. The rate refund, retroactive to March 31, 1994, was approximately $61.8 million (including interest) and was refunded to customers in September, October, and November 1995. GSU and other parties have appealed the PUCT order, but no assurance can be given as to the timing or outcome of the appeal. Filings with the LPSC - - - - --------------------- (Entergy Corporation and GSU) In May 1994, GSU filed a required earnings analysis with the LPSC for the test year preceding the Merger (1993). On December 14, 1994, the LPSC ordered a $12.7 million annual rate reduction for GSU, effective January 1995. GSU received a preliminary injunction from the District Court regarding $8.3 million of the reduction relating to the earnings effect of a 1994 change in accounting for unbilled revenues. On January 1, 1995, GSU reduced rates by $4.4 million. GSU filed an appeal of the entire $12.7 million rate reduction with the District Court, which denied the appeal in July 1995. GSU has appealed the order to the Louisiana Supreme Court. The preliminary injunction relating to $8.3 million of the reduction will remain in effect during the appeal. On May 31, 1995, GSU filed its second required post-Merger earnings analysis with the LPSC. Hearings on this review were held and a decision is expected in mid-1996. (Entergy Corporation and LP&L) In August 1994, LP&L filed a performance-based formula rate plan with the LPSC. The proposed formula rate plan would continue existing LP&L rates at current levels, while providing a financial incentive to reduce costs and maintain high levels of customer satisfaction and system reliability. The plan would allow LP&L the opportunity to earn a higher rate of return if it improves performance over time. Conversely, if performance declines, the rate of return LP&L could earn would be lowered. This would provide a financial incentive for LP&L to continuously improve in all three performance categories (price, customer satisfaction, and service reliability). On June 2, 1995, as a result of the LPSC's earnings review of LP&L's performance-based formula rate plan, a $49.4 million reduction in base rates was ordered. This included $10.5 million of rate reductions previously made through the fuel adjustment clause. The net effect of the LPSC order was to reduce rates by $38.9 million. The LPSC approved LP&L's proposed formula rate plan with the following modifications. An earnings band was established with a range from 10.4% to 12% for return on equity. If LP&L's earnings fall within the bandwidth, no adjustment in rates occurs. However, if LP&L's earnings are above or below the established earnings band, prospective rate decreases or increases will occur. The LPSC also reduced LP&L's authorized rate of return from 12.76% to 11.2%. The LPSC rate order was retroactive to April 27, 1995. On June 9, 1995, LP&L appealed the $49.4 million rate reduction and filed a petition for injunctive relief from implementation of $14.7 million of the reduction. The $14.7 million portion of the rate reduction represents revenue imputed to LP&L as a result of the LPSC's conclusion that LP&L charged unreasonably low rates to three industrial customers. Subsequently, a request for a $14.7 million rate increase was filed by LP&L. On July 13, 1995, LP&L was granted a preliminary injunction by the District Court on $14.7 million of the rate reduction pending a final LPSC order. Exclusive of the $14.7 million stayed under the preliminary injunction, the rate refund was retroactive to April 27, 1995, and amounted to approximately $8.2 million. Customers received the refunds in the months of September and October 1995. In an order issued on January 31, 1996, the LPSC approved a settlement reducing the $14.7 million portion of the rate reduction to $12.35 million. Rate refunds subject to this settlement were retroactive to April 27, 1995, and were made in the months of January and February 1996. The refunds and related interest resulting from the settlement amounted to $8.9 million. The District Court case discussed above was dismissed as part of the settlement. LPSC Fuel Cost Review (Entergy Corporation and GSU) - - - - --------------------- In November 1993, the LPSC ordered a review of GSU's fuel costs for the period October 1988 through September 1991 (Phase 1) based on the number of outages at River Bend and the findings in the June 1993 PUCT fuel reconciliation case. In July 1994, the LPSC ruled in the Phase 1 fuel review case and ordered GSU to refund approximately $27 million to its customers. Under the order, a refund of $13.1 million was made through a billing credit on August 1994 bills. In August 1994, GSU appealed the remaining $13.9 million of the LPSC-ordered refund to the district court. GSU has made no reserve for the remaining portion, pending outcome of the district court appeal, and no assurance can be given as to the timing or outcome of the appeal. The LPSC is currently conducting the second phase of its review of GSU's fuel costs for the period October 1991 through December 1994. On June 30, 1995, the LPSC consultants filed testimony recommending a disallowance of $38.7 million of fuel costs. Hearings began in December 1995 and are expected to be completed in early March 1996. Deregulated Asset Plan (Entergy Corporation and GSU) - - - - ---------------------- A deregulated asset plan representing an unregulated portion (approximately 24%) of River Bend (plant costs, generation, revenues, and expenses) was established pursuant to a January 1992 LPSC order. The plan allows GSU to sell such generation to Louisiana retail customers at 4.6 cents per KWh or off-system at higher prices, with certain sharing provisions for sharing such incremental revenue above 4.6 cents per KWh between ratepayers and shareholders. River Bend Cost Deferrals (Entergy Corporation and GSU) - - - - ------------------------- GSU deferred approximately $369 million of River Bend operating and purchased power costs, and accrued carrying charges, pursuant to a 1986 PUCT accounting order. Approximately $182 million of these costs are being amortized over a 20-year period, and the remaining $187 million are not being amortized pending the outcome of the Rate Appeal. As of December 31, 1995, the unamortized balance of these costs was $312 million. GSU deferred approximately $400.4 million of similar costs pursuant to a 1986 LPSC accounting order, of which approximately $83 million were unamortized as of December 31, 1995, and are being amortized over a 10-year period ending in 1998. In accordance with a phase-in plan approved by the LPSC, GSU deferred $294 million of its River Bend costs related to the period February 1988 through February 1991. GSU has amortized $172 million through December 31, 1995. The remainder of $122 million will be recovered over approximately 2.2 years. Grand Gulf 1 and Waterford 3 Deferrals - - - - -------------------------------------- (Entergy Corporation and AP&L) Under the settlement agreement entered into with the APSC in 1985 and amended in 1988, AP&L agreed to retain a portion of its Grand Gulf 1-related costs, recover a portion of such costs currently, and defer a portion of such costs for future recovery. In 1995 and subsequent years, AP&L retains 22% of its 36% interest in Grand Gulf 1 costs and recovers the remaining 78%. The deferrals ceased in l990, and AP&L is recovering a portion of the previously deferred costs each year through l998. As of December 31, l995, the balance of deferred costs was $360 million. AP&L is permitted to recover on a current basis the incremental costs of financing the unrecovered deferrals. In the event AP&L is not able to sell its retained share to third parties, it may sell such energy to its retail customers at a price equal to its avoided energy cost, which is currently less than AP&L's cost of energy from its retained share. (Entergy Corporation and LP&L) In a series of LPSC orders, court decisions, and agreements from late 1985 to mid-1988, LP&L was granted rate relief with respect to costs associated with Waterford 3 and LP&L's share of capacity and energy from Grand Gulf 1, subject to certain terms and conditions. With respect to Waterford 3, LP&L was granted an increase aggregating $170.9 million over the period 1985-1988, and agreed to permanently absorb, and not recover from retail ratepayers, $284 million of its investment in the unit and to defer $266 million of its costs related to the years 1985-1988 to be recovered over approximately 8.6 years beginning in April 1988. As of December 31, 1995, LP&L's unrecovered deferral balance was $26 million. With respect to Grand Gulf 1, in November 1988, LP&L agreed to retain and not recover from retail ratepayers, 18% of its 14% share (approximately 2.52%) of the costs of Grand Gulf 1 capacity and energy. LP&L is allowed to recover through the fuel adjustment clause 4.6 cents per KWh for the energy related to its retained portion of these costs. Alternatively, LP&L may sell such energy to nonaffiliated parties at prices above the fuel adjustment clause recovery amount, subject to the LPSC's approval. (Entergy Corporation and MP&L) MP&L entered into a revised plan with the MPSC that provides, among other things, for the recovery by MP&L, in equal annual installments over ten years beginning October 1, 1988, of all Grand Gulf 1-related costs deferred through September 30, 1988, pursuant to a final order by the MPSC. Additionally, the plan provides that MP&L defer, in decreasing amounts, a portion of its Grand Gulf 1-related costs over four years beginning October 1, 1988. These deferrals are being recovered by MP&L over a six-year period beginning in October 1992 and ending in September 1998. As of December 31, 1995, the uncollected balance of MP&L's deferred costs was approximately $378 million. The plan also allows for the current recovery of carrying charges on all deferred amounts. (Entergy Corporation and NOPSI) Under NOPSI's various Rate Settlements with the Council in 1986, 1988, and 1991, NOPSI agreed to absorb and not recover from ratepayers a total of $96.2 million of its Grand Gulf 1 costs. NOPSI was permitted to implement annual rate increases in decreasing amounts each year through 1995, and to defer certain costs and related carrying charges for recovery on a schedule extending from 1991 through 2001. As of December 31, 1995, the uncollected balance of NOPSI's deferred costs was $171 million. February 1994 Ice Storm/Rate Rider (Entergy Corporation and MP&L) - - - - ---------------------------------- In early February 1994, an ice storm left more than 80,000 MP&L customers without electric power across the service area. The storm was the most severe natural disaster ever to affect the System, causing damage to transmission and distribution lines, equipment, poles, and facilities in certain areas, primarily in Mississippi. Repair costs totaled approximately $77.2 million, with $64.6 million of these amounts capitalized as plant-related costs. The remaining balances were recorded as a deferred debit. Subsequent to a request by MP&L for rate recovery, the MPSC approved a stipulation in September 1994, with respect to the recovery of ice storm costs recorded through April 30, 1994. Under the stipulation, MP&L implemented an ice storm rate rider, which increased rates approximately $8 million for a period of five years beginning on September 29, 1994. This stipulation also stated that at the end of the five-year period, the revenue requirement associated with the undepreciated ice storm capitalized costs will be included in MP&L's base rates to the extent that this revenue requirement does not result in MP&L's rate of return on rate base being above the benchmark rate of return under MP&L's Formula Rate Plan. In September 1995, the MPSC approved a second stipulation which allows for a $2.5 million rate increase for a period of four years beginning September 28, 1995, to recover costs related to the ice storm that were recorded after April 30, 1994. The stipulation also allows for undepreciated ice storm capital costs recorded after April 30, 1994, to be treated as described above. 1994 NOPSI Settlement (Entergy Corporation and NOPSI) - - - - --------------------- In a settlement with the Council that was approved on December 29, 1994, NOPSI agreed to reduce electric and gas rates and issue credits and refunds to customers. Effective January 1, 1995, NOPSI implemented a $31.8 million permanent reduction in electric base rates and a $3.1 million permanent reduction in gas base rates. These adjustments resolved issues associated with NOPSI's return on equity exceeding 13.76% for the test year ended September 30, 1994. Under the 1991 NOPSI Settlement, NOPSI is recovering from its retail customers its allocable share of certain costs related to Grand Gulf 1. NOPSI's base rates to recover those costs were derived from estimates of those costs made at that time. Any overrecovery of costs is required to be returned to customers. Grand Gulf 1 has experienced lower operating costs than previously estimated, and NOPSI accordingly is reducing its base rates in two steps to match more accurately the current costs related to Grand Gulf 1. On January 1, 1995, NOPSI implemented a $10 million permanent reduction in base electric rates to reflect the reduced costs related to Grand Gulf 1, which was followed by an additional $4.4 million rate reduction on October 31, 1995. These Grand Gulf rate reductions, which are expected to be largely offset by lower operating costs, may reduce NOPSI's after-tax net income by approximately $1.4 million per year beginning November 1, 1995. The Grand Gulf 1 phase-in rate increase in the amount of $4.4 million on October 31, 1995, was not affected by the 1994 NOPSI Settlement. The 1994 NOPSI Settlement also required NOPSI to credit its customers $25 million over a 21-month period beginning January 1, 1995, in order to resolve disputes with the Council regarding the interpretation of the 1991 NOPSI Settlement. NOPSI reduced its revenues by $25 million and recorded a $15.4 million net-of-tax reserve associated with the credit in the fourth quarter of 1994. The 1994 NOPSI Settlement further required NOPSI to refund, in December 1994, $13.3 million of credits previously scheduled to be made to customers during the period January 1995 through July 1995. These credits were associated with a July 7, 1994, Council resolution that ordered a $24.95 million rate reduction based on NOPSI's overearnings during the test year ended September 30, 1993. Accordingly, NOPSI recorded an $8 million net-of-tax charge in the fourth quarter of 1994. The 1994 NOPSI Settlement also required NOPSI to refund $9.3 million of overcollections associated with Grand Gulf 1 operating costs, and $10.5 million of refunds associated with the settlement by System Energy of a FERC tax audit. The settlement of the FERC tax audit by System Energy required refunds to be passed on to NOPSI and to other Entergy subsidiaries and then on to customers. These refunds have no effect on current period net income. Pursuant to the 1994 NOPSI Settlement, NOPSI is required to make earnings filings with the Council for the 1995 and 1996 rate years. A review of NOPSI's earnings for the test year ending September 30, 1995, will require NOPSI to credit customers $6.2 million over a 12-month period beginning March 11, 1996. Hearings with the Council as to the reasonableness and prudence of NOPSI's deferred Least Cost Intergrated Resource Planning expenses for cost recovery purposes are scheduled for April 1996. Proposed Rate Increase - - - - ---------------------- (System Energy) System Energy filed an application with FERC on May 12, 1995, for a $65.5 million rate increase. The request seeks changes to System Energy's rate schedule, including increases in the revenue requirement associated with decommissioning costs, the depreciation rate, and the rate of return on common equity. On December 12, 1995, System Energy implemented a $65.5 million rate increase, subject to refund. Hearings on System Energy's request began in January 1996 and were completed in February 1996. The ALJ's initial decision is expected in 1996. (MP&L) MP&L's allocation of the proposed System Energy wholesale rate increase is $21.6 million. In July 1995, MP&L filed a schedule with the MPSC that will defer the ultimate amount of the System Energy rate increase. The deferral plan, which was approved by the MPSC, began in December 1995, the effective date of the System Energy rate increase, and will end after the issuance of a final order by FERC. The deferred rate increase is to be amortized over 48 months beginning October 1998. (NOPSI) NOPSI's allocation of the proposed System Energy wholesale rate increase is $11.1 million. In February 1996, NOPSI filed a plan with the City to defer 50% of the amount of the System Energy rate increase. The deferral began with the February 1996 bill to NOPSI from System Energy and will end after the issuance of a final order by FERC. FERC Settlement (Entergy Corporation and System Energy) In November 1994, FERC approved an agreement settling a long- standing dispute involving income tax allocation procedures of System Energy. In accordance with the agreement, System Energy refunded approximately $61.7 million to AP&L, LP&L, MP&L, and NOPSI, each of which in turn has made refunds or credits to its customers (except for those portions attributable to AP&L's and LP&L's retained share of Grand Gulf 1 costs). Additionally, System Energy will refund a total of approximately $62 million, plus interest, to AP&L, LP&L, MP&L, and NOPSI over the period through June 2004. The settlement also required the write-off of certain related unamortized balances of deferred investment tax credits by AP&L, LP&L, MP&L, and NOPSI. The settlement reduced Entergy Corporation's consolidated net income for the year ended December 31, 1994, by approximately $68.2 million, offset by the write-off of the unamortized balances of related deferred investment tax credits of approximately $69.4 million ($2.9 million for Entergy Corporation; $27.3 million for AP&L; $31.5 million for LP&L; $6 million for MP&L; and $1.7 million for NOPSI). System Energy also reclassified from utility plant to other deferred debits approximately $81 million of other Grand Gulf 1 costs. Although such costs are excluded from rate base, System Energy is recovering them over a 10-year period. Interest on the $62 million refund and the loss of the return on the $81 million of other Grand Gulf 1 costs will reduce Entergy's and System Energy's net income by approximately $10 million annually over the next 10 years. FERC Return on Equity Case - - - - -------------------------- In August 1992, FERC instituted an investigation of the return on equity (ROE) component of all formula wholesale rates for System Energy as well as AP&L, LP&L, MP&L, and NOPSI. Rates under the Unit Power Sales Agreement are based on System Energy's cost of service, including a return on common equity which had been set at 13%. In August 1993, Entergy and the state regulatory agencies that intervened in the proceeding reached an agreement (Settlement Agreement) in this matter. The Settlement Agreement, which was approved by FERC on October 25, 1993, provides that an 11.0% ROE will be included in the formula rates under the Unit Power Sales Agreement. System Energy's refunds payable to AP&L, LP&L, MP&L, and NOPSI, which were due prospectively from November 3, 1992, were reflected as a credit to their bills in October 1993. These refunds decreased System Energy's 1993 revenues and net income by approximately $29.4 million and $18.2 million, respectively. The Unit Power Sales Agreement formula rate, including the 11.0% ROE component, currently remains in effect. However, in December 1995, System Energy implemented a rate increase subject to refund, which included an increased return on common equity. Refer to above for a discussion of the proposed System Energy rate increase. NOTE 3. INCOME TAXES Entergy Corporation - - - - ------------------- Entergy Corporation's income tax expense consists of the following:
For the Years Ended December 31, -------------------------------- 1995 1994 1993 ---- ---- ---- (In Thousands) Current: Federal $306,910 $227,046 $236,513 State 60,278 50,300 30,618 ---------- ---------- ---------- Total 367,188 277,346 267,131 Deferred -- net 13,333 (54,429) 118,656 Investment tax credit (21,478) (24,739) (43,796) adjustments--net Investment tax credit - (66,454) - amortization - FERC Settlement ---------- ---------- ---------- Recorded income tax expense $359,043 $131,724 $341,991 ========== ========== ========== Charged to operations $349,528 $131,965 $251,163 Charged (credited) to other (13,346) (241) 33,640 income Charged to cumulative effect 22,861 - 57,188 ---------- ---------- ---------- Total income taxes $359,043 $131,724 $341,991 ========== ========== ==========
Entergy Corporation's total income taxes differ from the amounts computed by applying the statutory Federal income tax rate to income before taxes. The reasons for the differences are:
For the Years Ended December 31, -------------------------------- 1995 1994 1993 ---- ---- ---- % of % of % of Pre-tax Pre-tax Pre-tax Amount Income Amount Income Amount Income ------- ------- -------- ------- ------- ------- (Dollars in Thousands) Computed at statutory rate $334,944 35.0 $194,448 35.0 $332,555 35.0 Increases (reductions) in tax resulting from: Amortization of excess (5,516) (0.5) (5,845) (1.1) (7,063) (0.7) deferred income taxes State income taxes net of federal income tax effect 42,599 4.5 13,766 2.5 30,160 3.2 Amortization of investment (20,549) (2.1) (27,337) (4.9) (25,911) (2.7) tax credits Amortization of investment tax credits - FERC Settlement - - (66,454) (12.0) - - Depreciation 1,670 0.1 9,995 1.8 5,925 0.6 SFAS 109 adjustment - - - - 9,547 1.0 Other--net 5,895 0.5 13,151 2.4 (3,222) (0.4) -------- ------- -------- ------- -------- ------- Total income taxes $359,043 37.5 $131,724 23.7 $341,991 36.0 ======== ======= ======== ======= ======== =======
Significant components of Entergy Corporation's net deferred tax liabilities as of December 31, 1995 and 1994, are as follows:
1995 1994 ---- ---- (In Thousands) Deferred Tax Liabilities: - - - - ------------------------- Net regulatory assets/(liabilities) $(1,494,000) $(1,645,119) Plant related basis differences (3,071,519) (3,092,889) Rate deferrals (467,691) (617,699) Other (117,510) (181,743) -------------- -------------- Total $(5,150,720) $(5,537,450) ============== ============== Deferred Tax Assets: - - - - -------------------- Sale and leaseback 225,620 247,842 Accumulated deferred investment tax credit 214,505 227,473 NOL carryforwards 151,141 251,000 Investment tax credit carryforwards 167,713 255,394 Valuation allowance (44,597) (64,407) Other 585,847 664,697 -------------- -------------- Total $1,300,229 $1,581,999 ============== ============== Net deferred tax liability $(3,850,491) $(3,955,451) ============== ==============
Arkansas Power & Light Company - - - - ------------------------------ AP&L's income tax expense consists of the following:
For the Years Ended December 31, -------------------------------- 1995 1994 1993 ---- ---- ---- (In Thousands) Current: Federal $87,937 $64,238 $47,326 State 18,027 19,062 10,836 --------- --------- --------- Total 105,964 83,300 58,162 Deferred -- net (5,363) (17,939) 34,748 Investment tax credit adjustments- (5,658) (8,814) (10,573) - - - - -net Investment tax credit amortization - (27,327) - - FERC Settlement --------- --------- --------- Recorded income tax expense $94,943 $29,220 $82,337 ========= ========= ========= Charged to operations $53,936 $9,938 $18,746 Charged (credited) to other income 18,146 19,282 32,451 Charged to cumulative effect 22,861 - 31,140 --------- --------- --------- Total income taxes $94,943 $29,220 $82,337 ========= ========= =========
AP&L's total income taxes differ from the amounts computed by applying the statutory Federal income tax rate to income before taxes. The reasons for the differences are:
For the Years Ended December 31, -------------------------------- 1995 1994 1993 ---- ---- ---- % of % of % of Pre-tax Pre-tax Pre-tax Amount Income Amount Income Amount Income -------- -------- ------ ------- ------ ------- (Dollars in Thousands) Computed at statutory rate $93,458 35.0 $60,017 35.0 $100,673 35.0 Increases (reductions) in tax resulting from: State income taxes net of federal income tax effect 11,551 4.3 7,821 4.6 12,119 4.2 Amortization of investment (5,658) (2.1) (10,220) (6.0) (11,702) (4.1) tax credits Investment tax credit amortization - FERC settlement - - (27,327) (15.9) - - Depreciation (1,510) (0.6) (921) (0.5) (3,156) (1.1) Reversal of prior year - - - - (3,771) (1.3) contingency Flow-through/permanent (3,259) (1.2) (208) (0.1) (7,669) (2.7) differences Other--net 361 0.1 58 - (4,157) (1.4) -------- ------ ------- ------- ------- ----- Total income taxes $94,943 35.5 $29,220 17.1 $82,337 28.6 ======== ====== ======= ======= ======= =====
Significant components of AP&L's net deferred tax liabilities as of December 31, 1995 and 1994,are as follows:
1995 1994 ---- ---- (In Thousands) Deferred Tax Liabilities: - - - - ------------------------- Net regulatory $(264,166) $(273,574) assets/(liabilities) Plant related basis (480,465) (465,787) differences Rate deferrals (131,261) (183,700) Bond reacquisition costs (23,022) (22,496) Decontamination and (15,942) (17,104) decommissioning fund Other (30,511) (20,317) ------------- ------------- Total $(945,367) $(982,978) ============= ============= Deferred Tax Assets: - - - - -------------------- Accumulated deferred 44,260 46,506 investment tax credit Provision-FASB 5 contingencies 7,250 9,214 Alternative minimum tax credit - 3,536 Other 21,394 39,121 ------------- ------------- Total $72,904 $98,377 ============= ============= Net deferred tax liability $(872,463) $(884,601) ============= =============
Gulf States Utilities Company - - - - ----------------------------- GSU's income tax expense consists of the following:
For the Years Ended December 31, --------------------------------- 1995 1994 1993 ---- ---- ---- (In Thousands) Current: Federal $13 $71 $16,714 State - 14 - --------- --------- --------- Total 13 85 16,714 Deferred -- net 67,703 (57,911) 46,477 Investment tax credit (4,472) (4,260) 1,093 adjustments--net --------- --------- --------- Recorded income tax $63,244 $(62,086) $64,284 expense ========= ========= ========= Charged to operations $57,235 $(6,448) $46,007 Charged (credited) to other 6,009 (55,638) 12,009 income Charged to extraordinary - - (671) items Charged to cumulative - - 6,939 effect --------- --------- --------- Total income taxes $63,244 $(62,086) $64,284 ========= ========= =========
GSU's total income taxes differ from the amounts computed by applying the statutory Federal income tax rate to income before taxes. The reasons for the differences are:
For the Years Ended December 31, -------------------------------- 1995 1994 1993 ---- ---- ---- % of % of % of Pre-tax Pre-tax Pre-tax Amount Income Amount Income Amount Income ------- -------- ------- -------- ------- ------ (Dollars in Thousands) Computed at statutory rate $65,157 35.0 ($50,694) (35.0) $50,101 35.0 Increases (reductions) in tax resulting from: State income taxes net of federal income tax effect 8,375 4.5 (6,571) (4.5) 1,332 0.9 Rate deferrals - net 6,240 3.4 6,551 4.5 6,193 4.3 Depreciation (13,073) (7.0) (8,188) (5.7) (11,343) (7.9) Impact of change in tax - - - - 5,179 3.6 rate Book expenses not deducted - - 151 0.1 15,134 10.6 for tax Amortization of investment (4,475) (2.4) (4,472) (3.1) (4,435) (3.1) tax credits Other--net 1,020 0.5 1,137 0.8 2,123 1.5 ------- ------- -------- ------ -------- ----- Total income taxes $63,244 34.0 ($62,086) (42.9) $64,284 44.9 ======= ======= ======== ====== ======== =====
Significant components of GSU's net deferred tax liabilities as of December 31, 1995 and 1994, are as follows:
1995 1994 ---- ---- (In Thousands) Deferred Tax Liabilities: - - - - ------------------------- Net regulatory $(512,281) $(494,443) assets/(liabilities) Plant related basis differences (1,060,241) (1,065,053) Rate deferrals (104,695) (132,213) Other (1,814) (23,163) ---------------- ---------------- Total $(1,679,031) $(1,714,872) ================ ================ Deferred Tax Assets: - - - - -------------------- Net operating loss carryforwards $151,141 $251,000 Investment tax credit 167,713 173,852 carryforward Valuation allowance - investment (44,597) (64,407) tax credit carryforward Accumulated deferred investment 58,653 69,269 tax credit Alternative minimum tax credit 39,709 39,743 Other 172,733 194,476 ---------------- ---------------- Total $545,352 $663,933 ================ ================ Net deferred tax liability $(1,133,679) $(1,050,939) ================ ================
Louisiana Power & Light Company - - - - ------------------------------- LP&L's income tax expense consists of the following:
For the Years Ended December 31, -------------------------------- 1995 1994 1993 ---- ---- ---- (In Thousands) Current: Federal $93,670 $68,891 $62,037 State 20,994 10,369 8,514 -------- -------- ------- Total 114,664 79,260 70,551 Deferred -- net 8,148 21,580 43,017 Investment tax credit adjustments- (5,698) (6,048) (2,755) - - - - -net Investment tax credit amortization - (31,504) - - FERC settlement -------- -------- ------- Recorded income tax expense $117,114 $63,288 $110,813 ======== ======== ======= Charged to operations $116,486 $63,751 $108,568 Charged (credited) to other income 628 (463) 2,245 --------- -------- -------- Total income taxes $117,114 $63,288 $110,813 ========= ======== ========
LP&L's total income taxes differ from the amounts computed by applying the statutory Federal income tax rate to income before taxes. The reasons for the differences are:
For the Years Ended December 31, -------------------------------- 1995 1994 1993 ---- ---- ---- % of % of % of Pre-tax Pre-tax Pre-tax Amount Income Amount Income Amount Income ------ ------ ------- ------ ------ ------ (Dollars in Thousands) Computed at statutory rate $111,528 35.0 $96,994 35.0 $104,867 35.0 Increases (reductions) in tax resulting from: State income taxes net of federal income tax effect 11,532 3.6 5,147 1.9 6,727 2.2 Depreciation 2,693 0.8 3,219 1.2 2,550 0.9 Impact of change in tax (2,626) (0.8) (2,749) (1.0) (2,767) (0.9) rate Amortization of investment (5,711) (1.8) (6,305) (2.3) (6,876) (2.3) tax credits Amortization of investment tax credits - FERC settlement - - (31,504) (11.3) - - SFAS 109 adjustment - - - - 4,193 1.4 Other--net (302) (0.1) (1,514) (0.6) 2,119 0.7 --------- ------- --------- -------- --------- ----- Total income taxes $117,114 36.7 $63,288 22.9 $110,813 37.0 ========= ======= ========= ======== ========= =====
Significant components of LP&L's net deferred tax liabilities as of December 31, 1995 and 1994, are as follows:
1995 1994 ---- ----- (In Thousands) Deferred Tax Liabilities: - - - - ------------------------- Net regulatory $(357,528) $(437,468) assets/(liabilities) Plant related basis (722,680) (722,653) differences Rate deferrals (12,652) (26,695) Other (35,272) (32,972) -------------- -------------- Total $(1,128,132) $(1,219,788) ============== ============== Deferred Tax Assets: - - - - -------------------- Unbilled revenues $16,850 $11,108 Accumulated deferred 56,008 58,205 investment tax credit Removal cost 59,148 52,576 Alternative minimum tax 27,409 56,222 credit Waterford 3 sale and 105,788 102,111 leaseback Other 52,285 59,323 -------------- -------------- Total $317,488 $339,545 ============== ============== Net deferred tax liability $(810,644) $(880,243) ============== ==============
Mississippi Power & Light Company - - - - --------------------------------- MP&L's income tax expense consists of the following:
For the Years Ended December 31, -------------------------------- 1995 1994 1993 ---- ---- ---- (In Thousands) Current: Federal $62,436 $39,505 $46,744 State 9,215 7,379 7,673 ----------- ---------- ---------- Total 71,651 46,884 54,417 Deferred -- net (35,224) (26,763) 539 Investment tax credit adjustments- (1,550) (1,673) 1,036 - - - - -net Investment tax credit amortization - (5,973) - - FERC Settlement ----------- ---------- ---------- Recorded income tax expense $34,877 $12,475 $55,992 =========== ========== ========== Charged to operations $33,716 $16,651 $33,074 Charged (credited) to other income 1,161 (4,176) 3,462 Charged to cumulative effect - - 19,456 ----------- ---------- ---------- Total income taxes $34,877 $12,475 $55,992 =========== ========== ==========
MP&L's total income taxes differ from the amounts computed by applying the statutory federal income tax rate to income before taxes. The reasons for the differences are:
For the Years Ended December 31, ------------------------------- 1995 1994 1993 ---- ---- ---- % of % of % of Pre-tax Pre-tax Pre-tax Amount Income Amount Income Amount Income ------- ------- ------- ------- ------- ------- (Dollars in Thousands) Computed at statutory rate $36,240 35.0 $21,438 35.0 $55,207 35.0 Increases (reductions) in tax resulting from: State income taxes net of federal income tax effect 3,344 3.2 2,465 4.0 3,253 2.1 Depreciation 739 0.7 1,930 3.2 (5,890) (3.7) Amortization of excess DIT (3,465) (3.3) (3,810) (6.2) (4,680) (3.0) Amortization of investment (1,548) (1.5) (1,674) (2.7) (1,772) (1.1) tax credits Amortization of investment tax credits - FERC Settlement - - (5,973) (9.8) - - Adjustments of prior year (246) (0.2) (1,954) (3.2) 5,228 3.3 taxes FASB 109 Adjustment - - 3,439 2.2 Other--net (187) (0.2) 53 0.1 1,207 0.8 --------- --------- --------- ------ ------- ------ Total income taxes $34,877 33.7 $12,475 20.4 $55,992 35.6 ========= ========= ========= ====== ======= ======
Significant components of MP&L's net deferred tax liabilities as of December 31, 1995 and 1994, are as follows:
1995 1994 ---- ---- (In Thousands) Deferred Tax Liabilities: - - - - ------------------------- Net regulatory $(17,147) $1,804 assets/(liabilities) Plant related basis differences (181,792) (173,965) Rate deferrals (157,168) (201,037) Other (9,339) (13,318) ------------- ------------- Total $(365,446) $(386,516) ============= ============= Deferred Tax Assets: Accumulated deferred investment $10,702 $11,295 tax credit Removal cost 2,316 2,824 Pension related items 2,342 3,182 Other 17,415 20,412 ------------- ------------- Total $32,775 $37,713 ============= ============= Net deferred tax liability $(332,671) $(348,803) ============= =============
New Orleans Public Service Inc. - - - - ------------------------------- NOPSI's income tax expense consists of the following:
For the Years Ended December 31, -------------------------------- 1995 1994 1993 ---- ---- ---- (In Thousands) Current: Federal $19,071 $19,557 $23,400 State 3,394 3,049 4,079 ---------- ---------- ---------- Total 22,465 22,606 27,479 Deferred -- net (1,364) (15,674) 5,203 Investment tax credit adjustments- (634) (681) (743) - - - - -net Investment tax credit adjustments- - (1,651) - -FERC Settlement ---------- ---------- ---------- Recorded income tax expense $20,467 $4,600 $31,939 ========== ========== ========== Charged to operations $19,836 $3,602 $24,232 Charged (credited) to other income 631 998 1,115 Charged to cumulative effect - - 6,592 Total income taxes $20,467 $4,600 $31,939
NOPSI's total income taxes differ from the amounts computed by applying the statutory Federal income tax rate to income before taxes. The reasons for the differences are:
For the Years Ended December 31, -------------------------------- 1995 1994 1993 ---- ---- ---- % of % of % of Pre-tax Pre-tax Pre-tax Amount Income Amount Income Amount Income ------- -------- ------ ------- ------ ------- (Dollars in Thousands) Computed at statutory rate $19,198 35.0 $6,234 35.0 $27,877 35.0 Increases (reductions) in tax resulting from: State income taxes net of federal income tax effect 1,971 3.6 456 2.6 3,411 4.3 Depreciation (661) (1.2) (586) (3.3) (780) (1.0) Amortization of investment (634) (1.2) (681) (3.8) (745) (0.9) tax credits Investment tax credit amortization- FERC settlement - - (1,651) (9.2) Amortization of excess 575 1.1 714 4.0 384 0.5 deferred income tax Adjustments of prior year 101 0.2 (423) (2.4) 2,413 3.0 taxes FASB 109 adjustment - - - - (1,170) (1.5) Other--net (83) (0.2) 537 3.0 549 0.7 -------- -------- -------- -------- -------- -------- Total income taxes $20,467 37.3 $4,600 25.9 $31,939 40.1 ======== ======== ======== ======== ======== ========
Significant components of NOPSI's net deferred tax liabilities as of December 31, 1995 and 1994, are as follows:
1995 1994 ---- ---- (In Thousands) Deferred Tax Liabilities: - - - - ------------------------- Net regulatory $(10,723) $(12,946) assets/(liabilities) Plant related basis (50,820) (50,624) Rate deferrals - net (61,915) (74,054) Other (3,134) (3,303) -------------- ------------- Total $(126,592) $(140,927) ============== ============= Deferred Tax Assets: - - - - -------------------- Unbilled revenues $3,689 $3,051 Accumulated deferred investment 3,910 4,154 tax credit Pension related items 4,189 4,497 Removal costs 10,019 9,146 Operating reserves 6,795 6,665 Rate refund 459 9,620 Other 6,703 9,623 -------------- ------------- Total $35,764 $46,756 ============== ============= Net deferred tax liability $(90,828) $(94,171) ============== =============
System Energy Resources, Inc. - - - - ----------------------------- System Energy's income tax expense consists of the following:
For the Years Ended December 31, -------------------------------- 1995 1994 1993 ---- ---- ---- (In Thousands) Current: Federal $108,920 $54,295 $59,050 State 11,910 13,182 3,671 ---------- ---------- -------- Total 120,830 67,477 62,721 Deferred -- net (41,871) (27,375) 46,284 Investment tax credit (3,466) (3,265) (30,452) adjustments--net ---------- ---------- -------- Recorded income tax expense $75,493 $36,837 $78,553 ========== ========== ======== Charged to operations $77,410 $38,087 $83,412 Charged (credited) to other (1,917) (1,250) (4,859) income ---------- ---------- -------- Total income taxes $75,493 $36,837 $78,553 ========== ========== ========
System Energy's total income taxes differ from the amounts computed by applying the statutory Federal income tax rate to income before taxes. The reasons for the differences are:
1995 1994 1993 ---- ---- ---- % of % of % of Pre-tax Pre-tax Pre-tax Amount Income Amount Income Amount Income ------- ------- ------- ------ ------- ------- (Dollars in Thousands) Computed at statutory rate $58,986 35.0 $14,785 35.0 $60,368 35.0 Increases (reductions) in tax resulting from: Depreciation 13,482 8.0 14,541 34.4 12,839 7.4 State income taxes net of federal income tax effect 7,036 4.2 7,565 17.9 6,778 3.9 Amortization of investment (3,480) (2.1) (3,476) (8.2) (3,759) (2.2) tax credits Adjustments of prior year 2 - 2,947 7.0 5,292 3.0 taxes Other--net (533) (0.3) 475 1.1 (2,965) (1.6) -------- -------- -------- ------- -------- ------- Total income taxes $75,493 44.8 $36,837 87.2 $78,553 45.5 ======= ======== ======= ====== ======== ======
Significant components of System Energy's net deferred tax liabilities as of December 31, 1995 and 1994, are as follows:
1995 1994 ---- ---- In Thousands) Deferred Tax Liabilities: - - - - ------------------------- Net regulatory assets/liabilities) $(332,154) $(431,562) Plant related basis differences (538,215) (577,286) Other (10,365) (11,280) -------------- ------------- Total $(880,734) $(1,020,128) ============== ============= Deferred Tax Assets: - - - - -------------------- Sale and leaseback $119,832 $145,731 FERC Settlement 19,519 23,098 Accumulated deferred investment 40,973 42,298 tax credit Alternative minimum tax credit 63,642 38,179 Other 34,586 24,320 -------------- ------------- Total $278,552 $273,626 ============== ============= Net deferred tax liability $(602,182) $(746,502) ============== =============
As of December 31, 1995, Entergy had investment tax credit (ITC) carryforwards of $167.7 million, federal net operating loss (NOL) carryforwards of $384.6 million and state NOL carryforwards of $355.0 million, all related to GSU operations. The ITC carryforwards include the 35% reduction required by the Tax Reform Act of 1986 and may be applied against federal income tax liability of only GSU and, if not utilized, will expire between 1996 and 2002. It is currently anticipated that approximately $44.6 million of ITC carryforward will expire unutilized. A valuation allowance has been provided for deferred tax assets relating to that amount. The alternative minimum tax (AMT) credit carryforwards as of December 31, 1995, were $130.7 million, including $39.7 million at GSU, $27.4 million at LP&L, and $63.6 million at SERI. This AMT credit can be carried forward indefinitely and will reduce the System's federal income tax liability in the future. In accordance with the System Energy-FERC Settlement, the System wrote off $66.5 million of unamortized deferred investment tax credits in 1994, including $27.3 million at AP&L, $31.5 million at LP&L, $6.0 million at MP&L, and $1.7 million at NOPSI. In 1993, the System adopted SFAS 109. SFAS 109 required that deferred income taxes be recorded for all carryforwards and temporary differences between the book and tax basis of assets and liabilities, and that deferred tax balances be based on enacted tax laws at tax rates that are expected to be in effect when the temporary differences reverse. SFAS 109 required that regulated enterprises recognize adjustments resulting from implementation as regulatory assets or liabilities if it is probable that such amounts will be recovered from or returned to customers in future rates. A substantial majority of the adjustments required by SFAS 109 was recorded to deferred tax balance sheet accounts with offsetting adjustments to regulatory assets and liabilities. As a result of the adoption of SFAS 109, Entergy's 1993 net income and earnings per share were decreased by $13.2 million and $0.08 per share, respectively, and assets and liabilities were increased by $822.7 million and $835.9 million, respectively. The cumulative effect of the adoption of SFAS 109 is included in income tax expense charged to operations. The following table shows the effect of the adoption of SFAS 109 on 1993 net income, assets and liabilities for AP&L, LP&L, MP&L, NOPSI, and SERI.
Increase (Decrease) Increase Increase in Net Income in in Assets Liabilities ------------ --------- -------------- (In Millions) AP&L ($2.6) $168.2 $170.8 LP&L (5.7) 309.7 315.4 MP&L (1.7) 50.2 51.9 NOPSI 0.3 4.1 3.8 System Energy 0.4 327.9 327.5
GSU recorded the adoption of SFAS 109 by restating 1990, 1991, and 1992 financial statements and including a charge of $96.5 million for the cumulative effect of the adoption of SFAS 109 in 1990 primarily for that portion of the operations on which GSU has discontinued regulatory accounting principles. In August 1994, Entergy received an IRS report covering the federal income tax audit of Entergy Corporation and subsidiaries for the years 1988 - 1990. The report asserts an $80 million tax deficiency for the 1990 consolidated federal income tax returns related primarily to the application of accelerated investment tax credits associated with Waterford 3 and Grand Gulf nuclear plants. Entergy believes there is no material tax deficiency and is vigorously contesting the proposed assessment. NOTE 4. LINES OF CREDIT AND RELATED BORROWINGS (Entergy Corporation, AP&L, GSU, LP&L, MP&L, NOPSI, and System Energy) The SEC has authorized AP&L, GSU, LP&L, MP&L, NOPSI, and System Energy to effect short-term borrowings up to $125 million, $125 million, $150 million, $100 million, $39 million, and $125 million, respectively (for a total of $664 million). These limits may be increased to as much as $1.216 billion in total (subject to individual authorizations for each company) after further SEC approval. These authorizations are effective through November 30, 1996. Of these companies, only LP&L and System Energy had borrowings outstanding as of December 31, 1995. LP&L had $76.5 million of borrowings outstanding, including $61.5 million under the money pool, an intra-System borrowing arrangement designed to reduce the System's dependence on external short-term borrowings. LP&L had unused bank lines of credit in the amount of $2.7 million. System Energy had money pool borrowings outstanding of approximately $3 million at December 31, 1995. AP&L and MP&L had undrawn lines of credit as of December 31, 1995, of $34 million and $30 million, respectively. On July 27, 1995, Entergy Corporation received SEC authorization for a $300 million bank credit facility. Thereafter, a three-year credit agreement was signed with a group of banks on October 10, 1995, to provide up to $300 million of loans to Entergy Corporation. As of December 31, 1995, no amounts were outstanding against this credit facility. However, on January 4, 1996, $230 million was borrowed against the facility for use in the acquisition of CitiPower. See Note 15 for a discussion of the acquisition. Other Entergy companies have financing agreements and facilities permitting them to borrow up to $135 million, of which $30 million was outstanding as of December 31, 1995. Some of these borrowings are restricted as to use, and are secured by certain assets. In total, the System had commitments in the amount of $516.7 million at December 31, 1995, of which $471.7 million was unused. The weighted average interest rate on the outstanding borrowings at December 31, 1995, and December 31, 1994, was 6.35% and 7.18%, respectively. Commitment fees on the lines of credit for AP&L, LP&L, and MP&L are 0.125% of the undrawn amounts. The commitment fee for Entergy Corporation's $300 million credit facility is currently 0.17%, but can fluctuate depending on the senior debt ratings of the Operating Companies. NOTE 5. PREFERRED, PREFERENCE, AND COMMON STOCK (Entergy Corporation, AP&L, GSU, LP&L, MP&L, and NOPSI) The number of shares, authorized and outstanding, and dollar value of preferred and preference stock for Entergy, AP&L, GSU, LP&L, MP&L, and NOPSI as of December 31, 1995, and 1994 were:
Shares Call Price Per Authorized Total Share as of and Dollar December 31, Outstanding Value --------- --------- --------- --------- --------------- 1995 1994 1995 1994 1995 --------- --------- --------- --------- --------------- (Dollars in Thousands) AP&L Preferred Stock - - - - -------------------- Without sinking fund: Cumulative, $100 par value: 4.32% Series 70,000 70,000 $7,000 $7,000 $103.647 4.72% Series 93,500 93,500 9,350 9,350 $107.000 4.56% Series 75,000 75,000 7,500 7,500 $102.830 4.56% 1995 Series 75,000 75,000 7,500 7,500 $102.500 6.08% Series 100,000 100,000 10,000 10,000 $102.830 7.32% Series 100,000 100,000 10,000 10,000 $103.170 7.08% Series 150,000 150,000 15,000 15,000 $103.250 7.40% Series 200,000 200,000 20,000 20,000 $102.800 7.88% Series 150,000 150,000 15,000 15,000 $103.000 Cumulative, $25 par value: 8.84% Series 400,000 400,000 10,000 10,000 $26.560 Cumulative, $0.01 par value: $2.40 Series (a)(b) 2,000,000 2,000,000 50,000 50,000 - $1.96 Series (a)(b) 600,000 600,000 15,000 15,000 - --------- --------- --------- --------- Total without sinking fund 4,013,500 4,013,500 $176,350 $176,350 ========= ========= ========= ========= With sinking fund: Cumulative, $100 par value: 8.52% Series 350,000 375,000 $35,000 $37,500 $106.390 Cumulative, $25 par value: 9.92% Series 561,085 641,085 14,027 16,027 $26.320 13.28% Series - 200,000 - 5,000 - --------- --------- --------- --------- Total with sinking fund: 911,085 1,216,085 $49,027 $58,527 ========= ========= ========= ========= Fair Value of Preferred Stock with sinking fund(d) $51,476 $60,600 ========= =========
Shares Call Price Per Authorized Total Share as of and Dollar December 31, Outstanding Value --------- --------- --------- --------- --------------- 1995 1994 1995 1994 1995 --------- --------- --------- --------- --------------- (Dollars in Thousands) GSU Preferred and Preference Stock - - - - ---------------------------------- Preference Stock Cumulative, without par value 7% Series (a)(b) 6,000,000 6,000,000 $150,000 $150,000 - ========= ========= ========= ========= Preferred Stock Authorized 6,000,000, $100 par value, cumulative Without sinking fund: 4.40% Series 51,173 51,173 $5,117 $5,117 $108.00 4.50% Series 5,830 5,830 583 583 $105.00 4.40%-1949 Series 1,655 1,655 166 166 $103.00 4.20% Series 9,745 9,745 975 975 $102.82 4.44% Series 14,804 14,804 1,480 1,480 $103.75 5.00% Series 10,993 10,993 1,099 1,099 $104.25 5.08% Series 26,845 26,845 2,685 2,685 $104.63 4.52% Series 10,564 10,564 1,056 1,056 $103.57 6.08% Series 32,829 32,829 3,283 3,283 $103.34 7.56% Series 350,000 350,000 35,000 35,000 $101.80 8.52% Series 500,000 500,000 50,000 50,000 $102.43 9.96% Series 350,000 350,000 35,000 35,000 $102.64 --------- --------- --------- --------- Total without 1,364,438 1,364,438 $136,444 $136,444 sinking fund ========= ========= ========= ========= With sinking fund: 8.80% Series 204,495 226,807 $20,450 $22,680 $100.00 9.75% Series 19,543 21,565 1,954 2,154 $100.00 8.64% Series 168,000 182,000 16,800 18,200 $101.00 Adjustable Rate-A,7.00%(c) 192,000 204,000 19,200 20,400 $100.00 Adjustable Rate-B,7.00%(c) 292,500 315,000 29,250 31,500 $100.00 --------- --------- --------- --------- Total with 876,538 949,372 $87,654 $94,934 sinking fund: ========= ========= ========= ========= Fair Value of Preference Stock and Preferred Stock with sinking fund(d) $219,191 $227,800 ========= =========
Shares Call Price Per Authorized Total Share as of and Dollar December 31, Outstanding Value --------- --------- --------- --------- --------------- 1995 1994 1995 1994 1995 --------- --------- --------- --------- --------------- (Dollars in Thousands) LP&L Preferred Stock Without sinking fund: Cumulative, $100 par value: 4.96% Series 60,000 60,000 $6,000 $6,000 $104.25 4.16% Series 70,000 70,000 7,000 7,000 $104.21 4.44% Series 70,000 70,000 7,000 7,000 $104.06 5.16% Series 75,000 75,000 7,500 7,500 $104.18 5.40% Series 80,000 80,000 8,000 8,000 $103.00 6.44% Series 80,000 80,000 8,000 8,000 $102.92 7.84% Series 100,000 100,000 10,000 10,000 $103.78 7.36% Series 100,000 100,000 10,000 10,000 $103.36 8.56% Series 100,000 100,000 10,000 10,000 $103.14 Cumulative, $25 par value: 8.00% Series (b) 1,480,000 1,480,000 37,000 37,000 - 9.68% Series (b) 2,000,000 2,000,000 50,000 50,000 - --------- --------- --------- --------- Total without sinking fund 4,215,000 4,215,000 $160,500 $160,500 ========= ========= ========= ========= With sinking fund: Cumulative, $100 par value: 7.00% Series (b) 500,000 500,000 $50,000 $50,000 - 8.00% Series(b) 350,000 350,000 35,000 35,000 - Cumulative, $25 par value: 10.72% Series - 150,211 - 3,756 - 12.64% Series 600,370 900,370 15,009 22,509 $26.58 --------- --------- --------- --------- Total with sinking fund 1,450,370 1,900,581 $100,009 $111,265 ========= ========= ========= ========= Fair Value of Preferred Stock with sinking fund(d) $103,135 $113,000 ========= =========
Shares Call Price Per Authorized Total Share as of and Dollar December 31, Outstanding Value --------- --------- --------- --------- --------------- 1995 1994 1995 1994 1995 --------- --------- --------- --------- --------------- (Dollars in Thousands) MP&L Preferred Stock - - - - -------------------- Without sinking fund: Cumulative, $100 par value: 4.36% Series 59,920 59,920 $5,992 $5,992 $103.86 4.56% Series 43,888 43,888 4,389 4,389 $107.00 4.92% Series 100,000 100,000 10,000 10,000 $102.88 7.44% Series 100,000 100,000 10,000 10,000 $102.81 8.36% Series(b) 200,000 200,000 20,000 20,000 - 9.16% Series 75,000 75,000 7,500 7,500 $104.06 --------- --------- --------- --------- Total without sinking fund 578,808 578,808 $57,881 $57,881 ========= ========= ========= ========= With sinking fund: Cumulative, $100 par value: 9.00% Series 0 70,000 $ - $7,000 - 9.76% Series 140,000 210,000 14,000 21,000 $101.09 12.00% Series 27,700 37,700 2,770 3,770 $106.00 --------- --------- --------- --------- Total with sinking fund 167,700 317,700 $16,770 $31,770 ========= ========= ========= ========= Fair Value of Preferred Stock with sinking fund(d) $16,936 $32,500 ========= =========
Shares Call Price Per Authorized Total Share as of and Dollar Value December 31, Outstanding ----------- ----------- ----------- ----------- --------------- 1995 1994 1995 1994 1995 ----------- ----------- ----------- ----------- --------------- (Dollars in Thousands) NOPSI Preferred Stock - - - - --------------------- Without sinking fund: Cumulative, $100 par value: 4 3/4% Preferred Stock 77,798 77,798 $7,780 $7,780 $105.00 4.36% Series 60,000 60,000 6,000 6,000 $104.58 5.56% Series 60,000 60,000 6,000 6,000 $102.59 ----------- ----------- ----------- ----------- Total without sinking fund 197,798 197,798 $19,780 $19,780 =========== =========== =========== =========== With sinking fund: Cumulative, $100 par value: 15.44% Series - 34,495 $ - $3,450 - =========== =========== =========== =========== Fair Value of Preferred Stock with sinking fund(d) $ - $3,600 =========== ===========
Entergy - - - - ------- Subsidiaries' Preference Stock (a)(b): 6,000,000 6,000,000 $150,000 $150,000 =========== =========== =========== =========== Subsidiaries' Preferred Stock: Without sinking fund 10,369,544 10,369,544 $550,955 $550,955 =========== =========== =========== =========== With sinking fund 3,405,693 4,418,233 $253,460 $299,946 =========== =========== =========== =========== Fair Value of Preference Stock and $390,738 $437,500 Preferred Stock with sinking fund(d) =========== ===========
(a) The total dollar value represents the involuntary liquidation value of $25 per share. (b) These series are not redeemable as of December 31, 1995. (c) Rates are as of December 31, 1995. (d) Fair values were determined using bid prices reported by dealer markets and by nationally recognized investment banking firms. See Note 1 for additional disclosure of fair value of financial instruments. Changes in the preferred stock, with and without sinking fund, preference stock, and common stock of AP&L, GSU, LP&L, MP&L, and NOPSI during the last three years were:
Number of Shares ------------------------------------ 1995 1994 1993 --------- ----------- ------------ Preferred stock retirements AP&L $100 par value (25,000) (45,000) (85,000) $25 par value (280,000) (280,000) (280,000) GSU $100 par value (72,834) (60,667) (1,683,834) LP&L $25 par value (450,211) (601,537) (900,000) MP&L $100 par value (150,000) (150,000) (165,000) NOPSI $100 par value (34,495) (15,000) (15,000) Preference stock issuances, GSU - - 6,000,000 Common stock issuances, GSU - - 100 Common stock retirements, GSU - - (114,055,065)
Cash sinking fund requirements for the next five years for preferred stock, outstanding as of December 31, 1995 are:
Entergy AP&L (a) GSU (a) LP&L (a) MP&L (a) ---------- ---------- ---------- ---------- ---------- ( In Thousands) 1996 $21,817 $4,500 $6,067 $3,750 $7,500 1997 21,817 4,500 6,067 3,750 7,500 1998 14,817 4,500 6,067 3,750 500 1999 64,826 4,500 6,067 53,759 500 2000 161,067 4,500 156,067 - 500
(a) AP&L, GSU, LP&L, and MP&L have the annual noncumulative option to redeem, at par, additional amounts of certain series of their outstanding preferred stock. On December 31, 1993, Entergy Corporation issued 56,695,724 shares of common stock in connection with the Merger. In addition, Entergy Corporation redeemed 174,552,011 shares of $5 par value common stock and reissued 174,552,011 shares of $0.01 par value common stock resulting in an increase in paid-in capital of $871 million. Entergy Corporation had a program in which it repurchased and retired (returned to authorized but unissued status) 1,230,000 shares of common stock at a cost of $30.7 million in 1994. In addition, 627,000 shares of treasury stock were purchased for cash during 1993 at a cost of $20.6 million. A portion of the treasury shares purchased in 1993 was subsequently reissued, and in connection with the Merger on December 31, 1993, the remaining balance of 579,274 shares of treasury stock was canceled. Entergy Corporation from time to time acquires shares of its common stock to be held as treasury shares and to be reissued to meet the requirements of the Stock Plan for Outside Directors (Directors' Plan), the Equity Ownership Plan of Entergy Corporation and Subsidiaries (Equity Plan), and certain other stock benefit plans. Under this program, 2,805,000 of treasury shares were purchased in 1994 at a cost of $88.8 million. The Directors' Plan awards nonemployee directors a portion of their compensation in the form of a fixed number of shares of Entergy Corporation common stock. Shares awarded under the Directors' Plan were 9,251, 18,757, and 12,550 during 1995, 1994, and 1993, respectively. The Equity Plan grants stock options, restricted shares, and equity awards to key employees of the System companies. The costs of awards are charged to income over the period of the grant or restricted period, as appropriate. Amounts charged to compensation expense in 1995 were immaterial. Stock options, which comprise 50% of the shares targeted for distribution under the Equity Plan, are granted at exercise prices not less than market value on the date of grant. The options are generally exercisable no less than six months nor more than 10 years after the date of grant. Nonstatutory stock option transactions are summarized as follows:
Option Number of Price Options ---------- ---------- Options outstanding as of January 1, 1993 - 45,000 Options granted during 1993 $34.750 70,000 $39.750 6,107 Options exercised during 1993 $29.625 (13,198) $34.750 (5,000) Options granted during 1994 $37.000 67,500 Options exercised during 1994 - - Options granted during 1995 $23.375 65,000 $20.875 (a) 250,000 Options exercised during 1995 $23.375 (7,500) $24.125 (5,000) Options expired unused during 1995 - (15,000) ---------- Options remaining as of December 31, 1995 457,909 ==========
(a) Options were not exercisable as of December 31, 1995. The Employee Stock Investment Plan (ESIP) is authorized to issue or acquire, through March 31, 1997, up to 2,000,000 shares of its common stock to be held as treasury shares and reissued to meet the requirements of the ESIP. Under the ESIP, employees may be granted the opportunity to purchase (for up to 10% of their regular annual salary, but not more than $25,000) common stock at 85% of the market value on the first or last business day of the plan year, whichever is lower. Through this program, employees purchased 329,863 shares for the 1994 plan year. The 1995 plan year runs from April 1, 1995, to March 31, 1996. NOTE 6. LONG - TERM DEBT (Entergy Corporation, AP&L, GSU, LP&L, MP&L, NOPSI, and System Energy) The long-term debt of Entergy Corporation's subsidiaries, AP&L, GSU, LP&L, MP&L, NOPSI, and System Energy, as of December 31, 1995, was:
Maturities Interest Rates System From To From To Entery AP&L GSU LP&L MP&L NOPSI Energy (In Thousands) First Mortgage Bonds 1996 1999 5% 10.5% $1,064,410 $75,160 $445,000 $104,000 $35,000 $35,250 $370,000 2000 2004 6% 9.75% 1,282,320 180,800 670,000 361,520 70,000 2005 2009 6.25% 11.375% 355,319 215,000 120,000 20,319 2010 2014 11.375% 50,000 50,000 2015 2019 9.75% 11.375% 95,000 75,000 20,000 2020 2024 7% 10.375% 1,008,818 373,818 450,000 185,000 G&R Bonds 1996 1999 6.95% 11.2% 152,000 122,000 30,000 2000 2023 6.625% 8.8% 485,000 355,000 130,000 Governmental Obligations (b) 1996 2008 5.9% 10% 110,868 51,495 46,300 12,158 915 2009 2023 5.95% 12.50% 1,551,235 240,700 435,735 412,170 46,030 416,600 Debentures 1996 2008 9.72% 150,000 150,000 2000 7.38% 30,000 30,000 Long-Term DOE Obligations 111,536 111,536 (Note 8) Waterford 3 Lease Obligation 353,600 353,600 8.76% (Note 9) Grand Gulf Lease Obligation 500,000 500,000 7.02% (Note 9) Line of Credit, variable 65,000 rate, due 1998 Other Long-Term Debt 9,156 9,156 Unamortized Premium and (38,488) (13,606) (5,295) (8,017) (3,526) (1,042) (7,002) Discount - Net ---------- ---------- ---------- ---------- -------- -------- ---------- Total Long-Term Debt 7,335,774 1,309,903 2,320,896 1,420,431 555,419 194,208 1,469,917 Less Amount Due Within One 558,650 28,700 145,425 35,260 61,015 38,250 250,000 Year ---------- ---------- ---------- ---------- -------- -------- ---------- Long-Term Debt Excluding Amount Due Within One Year $6,777,124 $1,281,203 $2,175,471 $1,385,171 $494,404 $155,958 $1,219,917 ========== ========== ========== ========== ======== ======== ========== Fair Value of Long-Term $6,666,420 $1,213,511 $2,416,932 $1,136,246 $594,365 $198,785 $1,041,581 Debt (c) ========== ========== ========== ========== ======== ======== ==========
The long-term debt of Entergy Corporation's subsidiaries, AP&L, GSU, LP&L, MP&L, NOPSI, and System Energy, as of December 31, 1994, was:
Maturities Interest Rates System From To From To Entery AP&L GSU LP&L MP&L NOPSI Energy (In Thousands) First Mortgage Bonds 1995 1999 4.625% 14% $1,290,210 $100,960 $445,000 $179,000 $55,000 $35,250 $475,000 2000 2004 6% 9.75% 1,282,320 180,800 670,000 361,520 70,000 2005 2009 6.25% 11.375% 355,319 215,000 120,000 20,319 2010 2014 11.375% 50,000 50,000 2015 2019 9.75% 11.375% 95,000 75,000 20,000 2020 2024 7% 10.375% 1,008,818 373,818 450,000 185,000 G&R Bonds 1995 1999 5.95% 14.95%(a) 221,200 167,000 54,200 2000 2023 6.625% 8.65% 375,000 275,000 100,000 Governmental Obligations (b) 1995 2008 5.9% 10% 114,622 53,120 46,725 12,472 1,880 2009 2023 5.95% 12.50% 1,527,768 234,004 435,735 395,400 46,030 416,600 Debentures - Due 1998, 9.72% 200,000 200,000 Long-Term DOE Obligations 105,163 105,163 (Note 8) Waterford 3 Lease Obligation 353,600 353,600 8.76% (Note 9) Grand Gulf Lease Obligation 500,000 500,000 7.02% (Note 9) Other Long-Term Debt 6,879 6,879 Unamortized Premium and (43,341) (15,811) (5,497) (8,617) (3,712) (1,090) (8,614) Discount - Net ---------- ---------- ---------- ---------- -------- -------- ---------- Total Long-Term Debt 7,442,558 1,322,054 2,368,842 1,478,375 541,198 188,360 1,543,305 Less Amount Due Within One 349,085 28,175 50,425 75,320 65,965 24,200 105,000 Year ---------- ---------- ---------- ---------- -------- -------- ---------- Long-Term Debt Excluding Amount Due Within One Year $7,093,473 $1,293,879 $2,318,417 $1,403,055 $475,233 $164,160 $1,438,305 ========== ========== ========== ========== ======== ======== ========== Fair Value of Long-Term $6,293,000 $1,133,600 $2,277,300 $1,089,200 $523,100 $178,700 $1,091,000 Debt (c) ========== ========== ========== ========== ======== ======== ==========
(a) $20 million of MP&L's 14.95% Series G&R Bonds and $9.2 million of NOPSI's 13.9% Series G&R Bonds were due 2/1/95. All other series are at interest rates within the range of 6.95% - 11.2%. (b) Consists of pollution control bonds, certain series of which are secured by non-interest bearing first mortgage bonds. (c) The fair value excludes lease obligations, long-term DOE obligations, and other long-term debt and was determined using bid prices reported by dealer markets and by nationally recognized investment banking firms. See Note 1 for additional information on disclosure of fair value of financial instruments. The annual long-term debt maturities (excluding lease obligations) and annual cash sinking fund requirements for the next five years follow: System Entergy (a) AP&L (b) GSU (c) LP&L (d) MP&L (e) NOPSI Energy (Dollars In Thousands) 1996 558,650 28,700 145,425 35,260 61,015 38,250 250,000 1997 361,270 33,065 160,865 34,325 96,015 27,000 10,000 1998 314,920 18,710 190,890 35,300 20 - 70,000 1999 172,391 1,225 100,915 231 20 - 70,000 2000 143,015 1,825 945 100,225 20 - 40,000 (a) Not included are other sinking fund requirements of approximately $20.4 million annually which may be satisfied by cash or by certification of property additions at the rate of 167% of such requirements. (b) Not included are other sinking fund requirements of approximately $1.1 million annually which may be satisfied by cash or by certification of property additions at the rate of 167% of such requirements. (c) Not included are other sinking fund requirements of approximately $13.8 million annually which may be satisfied by cash or by certification of property additions at the rate of 167% of such requirements. (d) Not included are other sinking fund requirements of approximately $5.5 million annually which may be satisfied by cash or by certification of property additions at the rate of 167% of such requirements. (e) Not included are other sinking fund requirements of approximately $0.1 million for 1996 which may be satisfied by cash or by certification of property additions at the rate of 167% of such requirements. GSU has two outstanding series of pollution control bonds collateralized by irrevocable letters of credit, which are scheduled to expire before the scheduled maturity of the bonds. The letter of credit collateralizing the $28.4 million variable rate series, due December 1, 2015, expires in September 1996 and the letter of credit collateralizing the $20 million variable rate series, due April 1, 2016, expires in April 1996. GSU plans to refinance these series or renew the letters of credit. Under MP&L's G&R Mortgage, G&R Bonds are issuable based upon 70% of bondable property additions, based upon 50% of accumulated deferred Grand Gulf 1 related costs, based upon the retirement of certain bonds previously outstanding, or based upon the deposit of cash with the trustee. MP&L's G&R Mortgage prohibits the issuance of additional first mortgage bonds (including for refunding purposes) under MP&L's first mortgage indenture, except such first mortgage bonds as may hereafter be issued from time to time at MP&L's option to the corporate trustee under the G&R Mortgage to provide additional security for MP&L's G&R Bonds. Under NOPSI's G&R Mortgage, G&R Bonds are issuable based upon 70% of bondable property additions or based upon 50% of accumulated deferred Grand Gulf 1-related costs. The G&R Mortgage precludes the issuance of any additional bonds based upon property additions if the total amount of outstanding Rate Recovery Mortgage Bonds issued on the basis of the uncollected balance of deferred Grand Gulf 1-related costs exceeds 66 2/3% of the balance of such deferred costs. As of December 31, 1995, the total amount of Rate Recovery Mortgage Bonds outstanding aggregated $30.0 million, or 17.3% of NOPSI's accumulated deferred Grand Gulf 1-related costs. NOTE 7. DIVIDEND RESTRICTIONS - (Entergy Corporation, AP&L, GSU, LP&L, MP&L, NOPSI, and System Energy) Provisions within the Articles of Incorporation or pertinent Indentures and various other agreements related to the long-term debt and preferred stock of Entergy Corporation's subsidiaries restrict the payment of cash dividends or other distributions on their common and preferred stock. Additionally, PUHCA prohibits Entergy Corporation's subsidiaries from making loans or advances to Entergy Corporation. Detailed below are the restricted common equity and restricted retained earnings unavailable for distribution to Entergy Corporation by subsidiary. Restricted Restricted Company Equity Earnings (In Millions) AP&L $ 882.6 $ 291.3 GSU 1,266.5 - LP&L 1,084.1 - MP&L 334.8 135.7 NOPSI 85.2 15.2 System Energy 808.1 18.7 ----------- ---------- Entergy $ 4,461.3 $ 460.9 =========== ========== NOTE 8. COMMITMENTS AND CONTINGENCIES Cajun - River Bend Litigation (Entergy Corporation and GSU) GSU has significant business relationships with Cajun, including co-ownership of River Bend (operated by GSU) and Big Cajun 2, Unit 3 (operated by Cajun). GSU and Cajun, respectively, own 70% and 30% undivided interests in River Bend and 42% and 58% undivided interests in Big Cajun 2, Unit 3. In June 1989, Cajun filed a civil action against GSU in the United States District Court for the Middle District of Louisiana (District Court). Cajun's complaint seeks to annul, rescind, terminate, and/or dissolve the Joint Ownership Participation and Operating Agreement (Operating Agreement) entered into on August 28, 1979, relating to River Bend. Cajun alleges fraud and error by GSU, breach of its fiduciary duties owed to Cajun, and/or GSU's repudiation, renunciation, abandonment, or dissolution of its core obligations under the Operating Agreement, as well as the lack or failure of cause and/or consideration for Cajun's performance under the Operating Agreement. The suit also seeks to recover Cajun's alleged $1.6 billion investment in the unit as damages, plus attorneys' fees, interest, and costs. Two member cooperatives of Cajun have brought an independent action to declare the Operating Agreement void, based upon failure to get prior LPSC approval alleged to be necessary. GSU believes the suits are without merit and is contesting them vigorously. A trial on the portion of the suit by Cajun to rescind the Operating Agreement began in April 1994 and was completed in March 1995. On October 24, 1995, the District Court issued a memorandum opinion ruling in favor of GSU. The District Court found that Cajun did not prove that GSU fraudulently induced it to execute the Operating Agreement and that Cajun failed to timely assert its claim. A final judgment on this portion of the suit will not be entered until all claims asserted by Cajun have been heard. The second portion of the suit is scheduled to begin on July 2, 1996. If GSU is ultimately unsuccessful in this litigation and is required to pay substantial damages, GSU would probably be unable to make such payments and could be forced to seek relief from its creditors under the United States Bankruptcy Code. If GSU prevails in this litigation, there can be no assurance that the United States Bankruptcy Court will allow funding of all required costs of Cajun's ownership in River Bend. Cajun has not paid its full share of capital costs, operating and maintenance expenses, or other costs for repairs and improvements to River Bend since 1992. In addition, certain costs and expenses paid by Cajun were paid under protest. These actions were taken by Cajun based on its contention, with which GSU disagrees, that River Bend's operating and maintenance expenses were excessive. Cajun's unpaid portion of River Bend operating and maintenance expenses (including nuclear fuel) and capital costs for 1995 was approximately $58.7 million. Cajun continues to pay its share of decommissioning costs for River Bend. During the period in which Cajun is not paying its share of River Bend costs, GSU intends to fund all costs necessary for the safe, continuing operation of the unit. The responsibilities of Entergy Operations as the licensed operator of River Bend, for safely operating and maintaining the unit, are not affected by Cajun's actions. In view of Cajun's failure to fund its share of River Bend-related operating, maintenance, and capital costs, GSU has (i) credited GSU's share of expenses for Big Cajun 2, Unit 3 against amounts due from Cajun to GSU, and (ii) sought to market Cajun's share of the power from River Bend and apply the proceeds to the amounts due from Cajun to GSU. As a result, on November 2, 1994, Cajun discontinued supplying GSU with its share of power from Big Cajun 2, Unit 3. GSU requested an order from the District Court requiring Cajun to supply GSU with this energy and allowing GSU to credit amounts due to Cajun for Big Cajun 2, Unit 3 energy against amounts Cajun owed to GSU for River Bend. In December 1994, by means of a preliminary injunction, the District Court ordered Cajun to supply GSU with its share of energy from Big Cajun 2, Unit 3 and ordered GSU to make payments for its share of Big Cajun 2, Unit 3 expenses to the registry of the District Court. In October 1995, the Fifth Circuit affirmed the District Court's preliminary injunction. As of December 31, 1995, $38 million had been paid by GSU into the registry of the District Court. On December 21, 1994, Cajun filed a petition in the United States Bankruptcy Court for the Middle District of Louisiana seeking bankruptcy relief under Chapter 11 of the Bankruptcy Code. Cajun's bankruptcy could have a material adverse effect on GSU. However, GSU is taking appropriate steps to protect its interests and its claims against Cajun arising from the co-ownership in River Bend and Big Cajun 2, Unit 3. On December 31, 1994, the District Court issued an order lifting an automatic stay as to certain proceedings, with the result that the preliminary injunction granted by the Court in December 1994 remains in effect. Cajun filed a Notice of Appeal on January 18, 1995, to the Fifth Circuit seeking a reversal of the District Court's grant of the preliminary injunction. No hearing date has been set on Cajun's appeal. In the bankruptcy proceedings, Cajun filed on January 10, 1995, a motion to reject the Operating Agreement as a burdensome executory contract. GSU responded on January 10, 1995, with a memorandum opposing Cajun's motion. Should the court grant Cajun's motion to reject the Operating Agreement, Cajun would be relieved of its financial obligations under the contract, while GSU would likely have a substantial damage claim arising from any such rejection. Although GSU believes that Cajun's motion to reject the Operating Agreement is without merit, it is not possible to predict the outcome or ultimate impact of these proceedings. The cumulative cost (excluding nuclear fuel) to GSU resulting from Cajun's failure to pay its full share of River Bend-related costs, reduced by the proceeds from the sale by GSU of Cajun's share of River Bend power and payments for GSU's portion of expenses for Big Cajun 2, Unit 3 into the registry of the District Court, was $31.1 million as of December 31, 1995. These amounts are reflected in long-term receivables with an offsetting reserve in other deferred credits. Cajun's bankruptcy may affect the ultimate collectibility of the amounts owed to GSU, including any amounts that may be awarded in litigation. Cajun - Transmission Service (Entergy Corporation and GSU) GSU and Cajun are parties to FERC proceedings relating to transmission service charge disputes. In April 1992, FERC issued a final order in these disputes. In May 1992, GSU and Cajun filed motions for rehearings on certain portions of the order, which are still pending at FERC. In June 1992, GSU filed a petition for review in the United States Court of Appeals regarding certain of the other issues decided by FERC. In August 1993, the United States Court of Appeals rendered an opinion reversing FERC's order regarding the portion of such disputes relating to the calculations of certain credits and equalization charges under GSU's service schedules with Cajun. The opinion remanded the issues to FERC for further proceedings consistent with its opinion. In February 1995, FERC eliminated an issue from the remand that GSU believes the Court of Appeals directed FERC to reconsider. In orders issued on August 3, 1995, and October 2, 1995, FERC affirmed an April 1995 ruling by an ALJ in the remanded portion of GSU's and Cajun's ongoing transmission service charge disputes before FERC. Both GSU and Cajun have petitioned for appeal. No hearing dates have been set in the appeals. Under GSU's interpretation of the 1992 FERC order, as modified by its August 3, 1995, and October 2, 1995, orders, Cajun would owe GSU approximately $64.9 million as of December 31, 1995. GSU further estimates that if it were to prevail in its May 1992 motion for rehearing and on certain other issues decided adversely to GSU in the February 1995, August 1995, and October 1995 FERC orders, which GSU has appealed, Cajun would owe GSU approximately $143.5 million, as of December 31, 1995. If Cajun were to prevail in its May 1992 motion for rehearing to FERC, and if GSU were not to prevail in its May 1992 motion for rehearing to FERC, and if Cajun were to prevail in appealing FERC's August and October 1995 orders, GSU estimates it would owe Cajun approximately $96.4 million as of December 31, 1995. The above amounts are exclusive of a $7.3 million payment by Cajun on December 31, 1990, which the parties agreed to apply to the disputed transmission service charges. Pending FERC's ruling on the May 1992 motions for rehearing, GSU has continued to bill Cajun, utilizing the historical billing methodology, and has recorded underpaid transmission charges, including interest, in the amount of $137.2 million as of December 31, 1995. This amount is reflected in long-term receivables, with an offsetting reserve in other deferred credits. Cajun's bankruptcy may affect GSU's collection of the above amounts. FERC has determined that the collection of the pre-petition debt of Cajun is an issue properly decided in the bankruptcy proceeding. Capital Requirements and Financing (Entergy Corporation, AP&L, GSU, LP&L, MP&L, NOPSI, and System Energy) Construction expenditures (excluding nuclear fuel) for the years 1996, 1997, and 1998 are estimated to total $571 million, $510 million, and $507 million, respectively. The System will also require $1.3 billion during the period 1996-1998 to meet long-term debt and preferred stock maturities and cash sinking fund requirements. The System plans to meet the above requirements primarily with internally generated funds and cash on hand, supplemented by the issuance of debt and preferred stock and the use of its outstanding credit facility. Certain System companies may also continue with the acquisition or refinancing of all or a portion of certain outstanding series of preferred stock and long-term debt. See Notes 5 and 6 for further information. Grand Gulf 1-Related Agreements Capital Funds Agreement (Entergy Corporation and System Energy) Entergy Corporation has agreed to supply System Energy with sufficient capital to (1) maintain System Energy's equity capital at an amount equal to a minimum of 35% of its total capitalization (excluding short-term debt), and (2) permit the continued commercial operation of Grand Gulf 1 and pay in full all indebtedness for borrowed money of System Energy when due under any circumstances. In addition, under supplements to the Capital Funds Agreement assigning System Energy's rights as security for specific debt of System Energy, Entergy Corporation has agreed to make cash capital contributions to enable System Energy to make payments on such debt when due. System Energy has entered into various agreements with AP&L, LP&L, MP&L, and NOPSI whereby they are obligated to purchase their respective entitlements of capacity and energy from System Energy's 90% ownership and leasehold interest in Grand Gulf 1, and to make payments that, together with other available funds, are adequate to cover System Energy's operating expenses. System Energy would have to secure funds from other sources, including Entergy Corporation's obligations under the Capital Funds Agreement, to cover any shortfalls from payments received from AP&L, LP&L, MP&L, and NOPSI under these agreements. Unit Power Sales Agreement (AP&L, LP&L, MP&L, NOPSI, and System Energy) System Energy has agreed to sell all of its 90% owned and leased share of capacity and energy from Grand Gulf 1 to AP&L, LP&L, MP&L, and NOPSI in accordance with specified percentages (AP&L-36%, LP&L-14%, MP&L-33% and NOPSI-17%) as ordered by FERC. Charges under this agreement are paid in consideration for the purchasing companies' respective entitlement to receive capacity and energy and are payable irrespective of the quantity of energy delivered so long as the unit remains in commercial operation. The agreement will remain in effect until terminated by the parties and approved by FERC, most likely upon Grand Gulf 1's retirement from service. Monthly obligations for payments, including the rate increase which was placed into effect in December 1995, subject to refund, under the agreement are approximately $21 million, $8 million, $19 million, and $10 million for AP&L, LP&L, MP&L, and NOPSI, respectively. Availability Agreement (AP&L, LP&L, MP&L, NOPSI, and System Energy) AP&L, LP&L, MP&L, and NOPSI are individually obligated to make payments or subordinated advances to System Energy in accordance with stated percentages (AP&L-17.1%, LP&L-26.9%, MP&L-31.3%, and NOPSI- 24.7%) in amounts that when added to amounts received under the Unit Power Sales Agreement or otherwise, are adequate to cover all of System Energy's operating expenses as defined, including an amount sufficient to amortize Grand Gulf 2 over 27 years. (See Reallocation Agreement terms below.) System Energy has assigned its rights to payments and advances to certain creditors as security for certain obligations. Since commercial operation of Grand Gulf 1, payments under the Unit Power Sales Agreement have exceeded the amounts payable under the Availability Agreement. Accordingly, no payments have ever been required. If AP&L or MP&L fails to make its Unit Power Sales Agreement payments, and System Energy is unable to obtain funds from other sources, LP&L and NOPSI could become subject to claims or demands by System Energy or its creditors for payments or advances under the Availability Agreement (or the assignments thereof) equal to the difference between their required Unit Power Sales Agreement payments and their required Availability Agreement payments. Reallocation Agreement (AP&L, LP&L, MP&L, NOPSI, and System Energy) System Energy and AP&L, LP&L, MP&L, and NOPSI entered into the Reallocation Agreement relating to the sale of capacity and energy from the Grand Gulf and the related costs, in which LP&L, MP&L, and NOPSI agreed to assume all of AP&L's responsibilities and obligations with respect to the Grand Gulf under the Availability Agreement. FERC's decision allocating a portion of Grand Gulf 1 capacity and energy to AP&L supersedes the Reallocation Agreement as it relates to Grand Gulf 1. Responsibility for any Grand Gulf 2 amortization amounts has been individually allocated (LP&L-26.23%, MP&L-43.97%, and NOPSI-29.80%) under the terms of the Reallocation Agreement. However, the Reallocation Agreement does not affect AP&L's obligation to System Energy's lenders under the assignments referred to in the preceding paragraph. AP&L would be liable for its share of such amounts if LP&L, MP&L, and NOPSI were unable to meet their contractual obligations. No payments of any amortization amounts will be required as long as amounts paid to System Energy under the Unit Power Sales Agreement, including other funds available to System Energy, exceed amounts required under the Availability Agreement, which is expected to be the case for the foreseeable future. Reimbursement Agreement (System Energy) In December 1988, System Energy entered into two entirely separate, but identical, arrangements for the sales and leasebacks of an approximate aggregate 11.5% ownership interest in Grand Gulf 1 (see Note 9). In connection with the equity funding of the sale and leaseback arrangements, letters of credit are required to be maintained to secure certain amounts payable for the benefit of the equity investors by System Energy under the leases. The current letters of credit are effective until January 15, 1997. Under the provisions of a bank letter of credit reimbursement agreement, System Energy has agreed to a number of covenants relating to the maintenance of certain capitalization and fixed charge coverage ratios. System Energy agreed, during the term of the reimbursement agreement, to maintain its equity at not less than 33% of its adjusted capitalization (defined in the reimbursement agreement to include certain amounts not included in capitalization for financial statement purposes). In addition, System Energy must maintain, with respect to each fiscal quarter during the term of the reimbursement agreement, a ratio of adjusted net income to interest expense (calculated, in each case, as specified in the reimbursement agreement) of at least 1.60 times earnings. As of December 31, 1995, System Energy's equity approximated 34.8% of its adjusted capitalization, and its fixed charge coverage ratio was 2.11. Fuel Purchase Agreements (AP&L and MP&L) AP&L has long-term contracts with mines in the State of Wyoming for the supply of low-sulfur coal for the White Bluff Steam Electric Generating Station and Independence (which is 25% owned by MP&L). These contracts, which expire in 2002 and 2011, provide for approximately 85% of AP&L's expected annual coal requirements. Additional requirements are satisfied by annual spot market purchases. (GSU) GSU has a contract for a supply of low-sulfur Wyoming coal for Nelson Unit 6, which should be sufficient to satisfy the fuel requirements at Nelson Unit 6 through 2004. Cajun has advised GSU that it has contracts that should provide an adequate supply of coal until 1999 for the operation of Big Cajun 2, Unit 3. GSU has long-term gas contracts, which will satisfy approximately 75% of its annual requirements. Such contracts generally require GSU to purchase in the range of 40% of expected total gas needs. Additional gas requirements are satisfied under less expensive short- term contracts. GSU has a transportation service agreement with a gas supplier that provides flexible natural gas service to the Sabine and Lewis Creek generating stations. This service is provided by the supplier's pipeline and salt dome gas storage facility, which has a present capacity of 5.3 billion cubic feet of natural gas. (LP&L) In June 1992, LP&L agreed to a renegotiated 20-year natural gas supply contract. LP&L agreed to purchase natural gas in annual amounts equal to approximately one-third of its projected annual fuel requirements for certain generating units. Annual demand charges associated with this contract are estimated to be $8.6 million through 1997, and a total of $116.6 million for the years 1998 through 2012. LP&L recovers the cost of fuel consumed during the generation of electricity through its fuel adjustment clause. Power Purchases/Sales Agreements (GSU) In 1988, GSU entered into a joint venture with a primary term of 20 years with Conoco, Inc., Citgo Petroleum Corporation, and Vista Chemical Company (Industrial Participants) whereby GSU's Nelson Units 1 and 2 were sold to a partnership (NISCO) consisting of the Industrial Participants and GSU. The Industrial Participants supply the fuel for the units, while GSU operates the units at the discretion of the Industrial Participants and purchases the electricity produced by the units. GSU is continuing to sell electricity to the Industrial Participants. For the years ended December 31, 1995, 1994, and 1993, the purchases by GSU of electricity from the joint venture totaled $59.7 million, $58.3 million, and $62.6 million, respectively. (LP&L) LP&L has a long-term agreement through the year 2031 to purchase energy generated by a hydroelectric facility. During 1995, 1994, and 1993, LP&L made payments under the contract of approximately $55.7 million, $56.3 million, and $66.9 million, respectively. If the maximum percentage (94%) of the energy is made available to LP&L, current production projections would require estimated payments of approximately $47 million in 1996, $54 million in 1997, and a total of $3.5 billion for the years 1998 through 2031. LP&L recovers the costs of purchased energy through its fuel adjustment clause. System Fuels (AP&L, LP&L, MP&L, NOPSI, and System Energy) AP&L, LP&L, MP&L, and NOPSI have interests in System Fuels of 35%, 33%, 19%, and 13%, respectively. The parent companies of System Fuels agreed to make loans to System Fuels to finance its fuel procurement, delivery, and storage activities. As of December 31, 1995, AP&L, LP&L, MP&L, and NOPSI had, respectively, approximately $11 million, $14.2 million, $5.5 million, and $3.3 million in loans outstanding to System Fuels which mature in 2008. In addition, System Fuels entered into a revolving credit agreement with a bank that provides $45 million in borrowings to finance System Fuels' nuclear materials and services inventory. Should System Fuels default on its obligations under its credit agreement, AP&L, LP&L, and System Energy have agreed to purchase nuclear materials and services financed under the agreement. Nuclear Insurance (Entergy Corporation, AP&L, GSU, LP&L, MP&L, NOPSI, and System Energy) The Price-Anderson Act limits public liability for a single nuclear incident to approximately $8.92 billion. The System has protection for this liability through a combination of private insurance (currently $200 million each for AP&L, GSU, LP&L, and System Energy) and an industry assessment program. Under the assessment program, the maximum payment requirement for each nuclear incident would be $79.3 million per reactor, payable at a rate of $10 million per licensed reactor per incident per year. The System has five licensed reactors. As a co-licensee of Grand Gulf 1 with System Energy, SMEPA would share 10% of this obligation. With respect to River Bend, any assessments pertaining to this program are allocated in accordance with the respective ownership interests of GSU and Cajun. In addition, the System participates in a private insurance program which provides coverage for worker tort claims filed for bodily injury caused by radiation exposure. The program provides for a maximum assessment of approximately $16 million for the System's five nuclear units in the event losses exceed accumulated reserve funds. AP&L, GSU, LP&L, and System Energy are also members of certain insurance programs that provide coverage for property damage, including decontamination and premature decommissioning expense, to members' nuclear generating plants. As of December 31, 1995, AP&L, GSU, LP&L, and System Energy each was insured against such losses up to $2.75 billion. In addition, AP&L, GSU, LP&L, MP&L, and NOPSI are members of an insurance program that covers certain replacement power and business interruption costs incurred due to prolonged nuclear unit outages. Under the property damage and replacement power/business interruption insurance programs, these System companies could be subject to assessments if losses exceed the accumulated funds available to the insurers. As of December 31, 1995, the maximum amounts of such possible assessments were: AP&L - $36.3 million; GSU - $22.0 million; LP&L - $33.2 million; MP&L - $0.8 million; NOPSI - $0.5 million; and System Energy - $29.0 million. Under its agreement with System Energy, SMEPA would share in System Energy's obligation. Cajun shares approximately $4.6 million of GSU's obligation. The amount of property insurance presently carried by the System exceeds the NRC's minimum requirement for nuclear power plant licensees of $1.06 billion per site. NRC regulations provide that the proceeds of this insurance must be used, first, to place and maintain the reactor in a safe and stable condition and, second, to complete decontamination operations. Only after proceeds are dedicated for such use and regulatory approval is secured would any remaining proceeds be made available for the benefit of plant owners or their creditors. Spent Nuclear Fuel and Decommissioning Costs (Entergy Corporation, AP&L, GSU, LP&L, and System Energy) AP&L, GSU, LP&L, and System Energy provide for estimated future disposal costs for spent nuclear fuel in accordance with the Nuclear Waste Policy Act of 1982. The affected System companies entered into contracts with the DOE, whereby the DOE will furnish disposal service at a cost of one mill per net KWh generated and sold after April 7, 1983, plus a onetime fee for generation prior to that date. AP&L, the only System company that generated electricity with nuclear fuel prior to that date, elected to pay the onetime fee plus accrued interest, no earlier than 1998, and has recorded a liability as of December 31, 1995, of approximately $111 million for generation subsequent to 1983. The fees payable to the DOE may be adjusted in the future to assure full recovery. The System considers all costs incurred or to be incurred, except accrued interest, for the disposal of spent nuclear fuel to be proper components of nuclear fuel expense, and provisions to recover such costs have been or will be made in applications to regulatory authorities. Delays have occurred in the DOE's program for the acceptance and disposal of spent nuclear fuel at a permanent repository. In a statement released February 17, 1993, the DOE asserted that it does not have a legal obligation to accept spent nuclear fuel without an operational repository for which it has not yet arranged. Currently, the DOE projects it will begin to accept spent fuel no earlier than 2015. In the meantime, all System companies are responsible for spent fuel storage. Current on-site spent fuel storage capacity at River Bend, Waterford 3, and Grand Gulf 1 is estimated to be sufficient until 2003, 2000, and 2004, respectively. Thereafter, the affected companies will provide additional storage. Current on-site spent fuel storage capacity at ANO is estimated to be sufficient until mid-1998, at which time an ANO storage facility using dry casks will begin operation. This facility is estimated to provide sufficient storage until 2000, with the capability of being expanded further as required. The initial cost of providing the additional on-site spent fuel storage capability required at ANO, River Bend, Waterford 3, and Grand Gulf 1 is expected to be approximately $5 million to $10 million per unit. In addition, about $3 million to $5 million per unit will be required every two to three years subsequent to 2000 for ANO and every four to five years subsequent to 2003, 2000, and 2004 for River Bend, Waterford 3, and Grand Gulf 1, respectively, until the DOE's repository begins accepting such units' spent fuel. Entergy Operations and System Fuels joined in lawsuits against the DOE, seeking clarification of the DOE's responsibility to receive spent nuclear fuel beginning in 1998. The original suits, filed June 20, 1994, asked for a ruling stating that the Nuclear Waste Policy Act require the DOE to begin taking title to the spent fuel and to start removing it from nuclear power plants in 1998, a mandate for the DOE's nuclear waste management program to begin accepting fuel in 1998 and court monitoring of the program, and the potential for escrow of payments to a nuclear waste fund instead of directly to the DOE. Total decommissioning costs at December 31, 1995, for the System nuclear power plants, excluding co-owner shares, have been estimated as follows:
Total Estimated Decommissioning Costs (In Millions) ANO 1 and ANO 2 (based on a 1994 interim update to the 1992 cost study) $806.3 River Bend (based on a 1991 cost study reflecting 1990 dollars) 267.8 Waterford 3 (based on a 1994 updated study in 1993 dollars) 320.1 Grand Gulf 1 (based on a 1994 cost study using 1993 dollars) 365.9 -------- $1,760.1 ========
AP&L and LP&L are authorized to recover in rates amounts that, when added to estimated investment income, should be sufficient to meet the above estimated decommissioning costs for ANO and Waterford 3, respectively. In the Texas retail jurisdiction, GSU is recovering in rates decommissioning costs (based on the 1991 cost study) that, with adjustments, total $204.9 million. In the Louisiana retail jurisdiction, GSU is currently recovering in rates decommissioning costs (based on a 1985 cost study) which total $141 million. GSU included decommissioning costs (based on the 1991 study) in the LPSC rate review filed in May 1995 which has not yet been concluded. System Energy was previously recovering in rates amounts sufficient to fund $198 million (in 1989 dollars) of its decommissioning costs. System Energy included decommissioning costs (based on the 1994 study) in its rate increase filing with FERC. Rates in this proceeding were placed into effect in December 1995, subject to refund. AP&L, GSU, LP&L, and System Energy periodically review and update estimated decommissioning costs. Although the System is presently underrecovering based on the above estimates, applications are periodically made to the appropriate regulatory authorities to reflect in rates any future change in projected decommissioning costs. The amounts recovered in rates are deposited in trust funds and reported at market value as quoted on nationally traded markets. These trust fund assets largely offset the accumulated decommissioning liability that is recorded as accumulated depreciation for AP&L, GSU, and LP&L, and as other deferred credits for System Energy. The cumulative liabilities and actual decommissioning expenses recorded in 1995 by the System companies were as follows: Cumulative 1995 1995 Cumulative Liabilities as of Trust Decommissioning Liabilities as of December 31, 1994 Earnings Expenses December 31, 1995 (In Millions) ANO 1 and ANO 2 $137.4 $13.9 $17.7 $169.0 River Bend 22.2 1.4 8.1 31.7 Waterford 3 28.2 1.7 7.5 37.4 Grand Gulf 1 31.9 2.1 5.4 39.4 ------ ----- ----- ------ $219.7 $19.1 $38.7 $277.5 ====== ===== ===== ====== In 1994 and 1993, ANO's decommissioning expense was $12.2 million and $11.0 million, respectively; River Bend's decommissioning expense was $3.0 million, respectively; Waterford 3's decommissioning expense was $4.8 million and $4.0 million, respectively; and Grand Gulf 1's decommissioning expense was $5.2 million and $4.9 million, respectively. The actual decommissioning costs may vary from the estimates because of regulatory requirements, changes in technology, and increased costs of labor, materials, and equipment. Management believes that actual decommissioning costs are likely to be higher than the estimated amounts presented above. The staff of the SEC has questioned certain of the financial accounting practices of the electric utility industry regarding the recognition, measurement, and classification of decommissioning costs for nuclear generating stations in the financial statements of electric utilities. In response to these questions, the FASB has been reviewing the accounting for decommissioning and has expanded the scope of its review to include liabilities related to the closure and removal of all long-lived assets. An exposure draft of the proposed SFAS was issued in February 1996 would be effective in 1997. The proposed SFAS would require measurement of the liability for closure and removal of long- lived assets (including decommissioning) based on discounted future cash flows. Those future cash flows should be determined by estimating current costs and adjusting for inflation, efficiencies that may be gained from experience with similar activities, and consideration of reasonable future advances in technology. It also would require that changes in the decommissioning/closure cost liability resulting from changes in assumptions should be recognized with a corresponding adjustment to the plant asset, and depreciation should be revised prospectively. The proposed SFAS stated that the initial recognition of the decommissioning/closure cost liability would result in an asset that should be presented with other plant costs on the financial statements because the cost of decommissioning/closing the plant is recognized as part of the total cost of the plant asset. In addition there would be a regulatory asset recognized on the financial statements to the extent the initial decommissioning/closure liability has increased due to the passage of time, and such costs are probable of future recovery. If current electric utility industry accounting practices with respect to nuclear decommissioning and other closure costs are changed, annual provisions for such costs could increase, the estimated cost for decommissioning/closure could be recorded as a liability rather than as accumulated depreciation, and trust fund income from decommissioning trusts could be reported as investment income rather than as a reduction to decommissioning expense. The EPAct has a provision that assesses domestic nuclear utilities with fees for the decontamination and decommissioning of the DOE's past uranium enrichment operations. The decontamination and decommissioning assessments will be used to set up a fund into which contributions from utilities and the federal government will be placed. AP&L, GSU, LP&L, and System Energy's annual assessments, which will be adjusted annually for inflation, are approximately $3.4 million, $0.9 million, $1.3 million, and $1.4 million (in 1995 dollars), respectively, for approximately 15 years. At December 31, 1995, AP&L, GSU, LP&L, and System Energy had recorded liabilities of $35.3 million, $6.0 million, $13.2 million, and $12.8 million, respectively, for decontamination and decommissioning fees in other current liabilities and other noncurrent liabilities, and these liabilities were offset in the consolidated financial statements by regulatory assets. FERC requires that utilities treat these assessments as costs of fuel as they are amortized and are recovered through rates in the same manner as other fuel costs. ANO Matters (Entergy Corporation and AP&L) Cracks in steam generator tubes at ANO 2 were discovered and repaired during an outage in March 1992. Further inspections and repairs were conducted at subsequent refueling and mid-cycle outages, including the most recent refueling outage in October 1995. Beginning in January 1995, ANO 2's output was reduced 15 megawatts or 1.6% due to secondary side fouling, tube plugging, and reduction of primary temperature. During the October 1995 inspection, additional cracks in the tubes were discovered. The unit may be approaching the limit for the number of steam generator tubes that can be plugged with the unit in operation. If the currently established limit is reached, Entergy Operations could be required during future outages to insert sleeves in some of the steam generator tubes that were previously plugged. Entergy Operations is monitoring the development of the cracks and assessing various options for the repair or the replacement of ANO 2's steam generators. Certain of these options could, in the future, require significant capital expenditures and result in additional outages. However, a decision as to the repair or replacement of ANO 2's steam generators is not expected prior to 1997. Entergy Operations periodically meets with the NRC to discuss the results of inspections of the generator tubes, as well as the timing of future inspections. Environmental Issues (AP&L) In May 1995, AP&L was named as a defendant in a suit by Reynolds Metals Company (Reynolds), seeking to recover a share of the costs associated with the clean-up of hazardous substances at a site south of Arkadelphia, Arkansas. Reynolds alleges that it has spent $11.2 million to clean-up the site, and that the site was contaminated in part with PCBs for which AP&L bears some responsibility. AP&L, voluntarily, at its expense, has already completed remediation at a nearby substation site and believes that it has no liability for contamination at the site that is subject to the Reynolds suit and is contesting the lawsuit. Regardless of the outcome, AP&L does not believe this matter would have a materially adverse effect on its financial condition or results of operations. (GSU) GSU has been designated as a PRP for the clean-up of certain hazardous waste disposal sites. GSU is currently negotiating with the EPA and state authorities regarding the clean-up of these sites. Several class action and other suits have been filed in state and federal courts seeking relief from GSU and others for damages caused by the disposal of hazardous waste and for asbestos-related disease allegedly resulting from exposure on GSU premises. While the amounts at issue in the clean-up efforts and suits may be substantial, GSU believes that its results of operations and financial condition will not be materially adversely affected by the outcome of the suits. Through December 31, 1995, $7.9 million has been expended on the clean-up. As of December 31, 1995, a remaining recorded liability of $21.7 million existed relating to the clean-up of five sites at which GSU has been designated a PRP. (LP&L) During 1993, the LDEQ issued new rules for solid waste regulation, including regulation of wastewater impoundments. LP&L has determined that certain of its power plant wastewater impoundments were affected by these regulations and has chosen to upgrade or close them. As a result, a remaining recorded liability in the amount of $10.6 million existed at December 31, 1995, for wastewater upgrades and closures to be completed in 1996. Cumulative expenditures relating to the upgrades and closures of wastewater impoundments were $5.6 million as of December 31, 1995. City Franchise Ordinances (NOPSI) NOPSI provides electric and gas service in the City of New Orleans pursuant to City franchise ordinances that state, among other things, that the City has a continuing option to purchase NOPSI's electric and gas utility properties. NOTE 9. LEASES General As of December 31, 1995, the System had capital leases and noncancelable operating leases for equipment, buildings, vehicles, and fuel storage facilities (excluding nuclear fuel leases and the sale and leaseback transactions) with minimum lease payments as follows: Capital Leases Year Entergy AP&L GSU (In Thousands) 1996 $ 29,054 $ 11,126 $ 12,475 1997 24,653 8,293 12,475 1998 24,634 8,293 12,475 1999 24,610 8,294 12,475 2000 22,872 6,987 12,049 Years thereafter 113,421 41,708 69,331 Minimum lease payments 239,244 84,701 131,280 Less: Amount representing interest 87,284 34,360 47,921 --------- ---------- ---------- Present value of net minimum lease payments $ 151,960 $ 50,341 $ 83,359 ========= ========== ========== Operating Leases Year Entergy AP&L GSU LP&L (In Thousands) 1996 $ 76,866 $ 36,498 $ 12,871 $ 4,820 1997 66,009 29,460 12,566 4,369 1998 65,914 29,047 16,499 4,256 1999 63,198 27,304 16,499 3,990 2000 59,760 25,722 16,326 3,846 Years thereafter 214,577 71,272 60,518 1,905 --------- --------- --------- ---------- Minimum lease payments $ 546,324 $ 219,303 $ 135,279 $ 23,186 ========= ========= ========= ========== Rental expense for the System leases (excluding nuclear fuel leases and the sale and leaseback transactions) amounted to approximately $67.8 million, $64.8 million, and $62.7 million in 1995, 1994, and 1993, respectively. These amounts include $27.7 million, $26.4 million, and $23.2 million, respectively, for AP&L, $15.1 million, $15.3 million, and $31.9 million, respectively for GSU, and $14.8 million, $12.1 million, and $6.6 million, respectively, for LP&L. Nuclear Fuel Leases AP&L, GSU, LP&L, and System Energy each has arrangements to lease nuclear fuel in an aggregate amount up to $395 million as of December 31, 1995. The lessors finance the acquisition and ownership of nuclear fuel through credit agreements and the issuance of notes. These agreements are subject to annual renewal with, in LP&L's and GSU's case, the consent of the lenders. The credit agreements for AP&L, GSU, LP&L, and System Energy have been extended and now have termination dates of December 1998, December 1998, January 1999, and February 1999, respectively. The debt securities issued pursuant to these fuel lease arrangements have varying maturities through January 31, 1999. It is expected that the credit agreements will be extended or alternative financing will be secured by each lessor upon the maturity of the current arrangements. If extensions or alternative financing cannot be arranged, the lessee in each case must purchase sufficient nuclear fuel to allow the lessor to retire such borrowings. Lease payments are based on nuclear fuel use. Nuclear fuel lease expense charged to operations by the System in 1995, 1994, and 1993 was $153.5 million (including interest of $22.1 million), $163.4 million (including interest of $27.3 million), and $145.8 million (excluding GSU and including interest of $20.5 million), respectively. Specifically, in 1995, 1994, and 1993, AP&L's expense was $46.8 million, $56.2 million, and $69.7 million (including interest of $6.7 million, $7.5 million, and $10.6 million), respectively; GSU's expense was $41.4 million, $37.2 million, and $43.6 million (including interest of $6.0 million, $8.7 million, and $10.2 million), respectively; LP&L's expense was $30.8 million, $32.2 million, and $39.9 million (including interest of $3.7 million, $4.3 million, and $4.9 million), respectively; System Energy's expense was $34.5 million, $37.8 million, and $36.2 million (including interest of $5.7 million, $6.8 million, and $5.1 million), respectively. Sale and Leaseback Transactions Waterford 3 Lease Obligations (LP&L) On September 28, 1989, LP&L entered into three transactions for the sale (for an aggregate cash consideration of $353.6 million) and leaseback of three undivided portions of its 100% ownership interest in Waterford 3. The three undivided interests in Waterford 3 sold and leased back exclude certain transmission, pollution control, and other facilities that are part of Waterford 3. The interests sold and leased back are equivalent on an aggregate cost basis to approximately a 9.3% undivided interest in Waterford 3. LP&L is leasing back the interests on a net lease basis over an approximate 28-year basic lease term. LP&L has options to terminate the lease and to repurchase the interests in Waterford 3 at certain intervals during the basic lease term. Further, at the end of the basic lease term, LP&L has an option to renew the lease or to repurchase the undivided interests in Waterford 3. Interests were acquired from LP&L with funds obtained from the issuance and sale by the purchasers of intermediate-term and long-term secured lease obligation bonds. The lease payments to be made by LP&L will be sufficient to service such debt. LP&L did not exercise its option to repurchase the undivided interests in Waterford 3 in September 1994. As a result, LP&L was required to provide collateral for the equity portion of certain amounts payable by LP&L under the leases. Such collateral was in the form of a new series of non interest-bearing first mortgage bonds in the aggregate principal amount of $208.2 million issued by LP&L in September 1994. Upon the occurrence of certain adverse events (including lease events of default, events of loss, deemed loss events or certain adverse "Financial Events" with respect to LP&L), LP&L may be obligated to pay amounts sufficient to permit the termination of the lease transactions and may be required to assume the outstanding indebtedness issued to finance the acquisition of the undivided interests in Waterford 3. "Financial Events" include, among other things, failure by LP&L, following the expiration of any applicable grace or cure periods, to maintain (1) as of the end of any fiscal quarter, total equity capital (including preferred stock) at least equal to 30% of adjusted capitalization, or (2) in respect of the 12-month period ending on the last day of any fiscal quarter, a fixed charge coverage ratio of at least 1.50. As of December 31, 1995, LP&L's total equity capital (including preferred stock) was 48.7% of adjusted capitalization and its fixed charge coverage ratio was 3.29. As of December 31, 1995, LP&L had future minimum lease payments (reflecting an overall implicit rate of 8.76%) in connection with the Waterford 3 sale and leaseback transactions as follows (in thousands): 1996 $ 35,165 1997 39,805 1998 41,447 1999 50,530 2000 47,510 Years thereafter 628,704 ----------- Total 843,161 Less: Amount representing interest 489,561 ----------- Present value of net minimum lease payments $ 353,600 =========== Grand Gulf 1 Lease Obligations (System Energy) On December 28, 1988, System Energy entered into two arrangements for the sale and leaseback of an aggregate 11.5% undivided ownership interest in Grand Gulf 1 for an aggregate cash consideration of $500 million. System Energy is leasing back the undivided interest on a net lease basis over a 26 1/2-year basic lease term. System Energy has options to terminate the leases and to repurchase the undivided interest in Grand Gulf 1 at certain intervals during the basic lease term. Further, at the end of the basic lease term, System Energy has an option to renew the leases or to repurchase the undivided interest in Grand Gulf 1. See Note 8 with respect to certain other terms of the transactions. In accordance with SFAS 98, "Accounting for Leases," due to "continuing involvement" by System Energy, the sale and leaseback arrangements of the undivided portions of Grand Gulf 1, as described above, are required to be reflected for financial reporting purposes as financing transactions in System Energy's financial statements. The amounts charged to expense for financial reporting purposes include the interest portion of the lease obligations and depreciation of the plant. However, operating revenues include the recovery of the lease payments because the transactions are accounted for as sales and leasebacks for rate-making purposes. The total of interest and depreciation expense exceeds the corresponding revenues realized during the early part of the lease term. Consistent with a recommendation contained in a FERC audit report, System Energy recorded as a deferred asset the difference between the recovery of the lease payments and the amounts expensed for interest and depreciation and is recording such difference as a deferred asset on an ongoing basis. The amount of this deferred asset was $85.8 million and $78.5 million as of December 31, 1995, and 1994, respectively. As of December 31, 1995, System Energy had future minimum lease payments (reflecting an implicit rate of 7.02% after the above refinancing) as follows (in thousands): 1996 $ 42,753 1997 42,753 1998 42,753 1999 42,753 2000 42,753 Years thereafter 760,067 ----------- Total 973,832 Less: Amount representing interest 473,832 ----------- Present value of net minimum lease payments $ 500,000 =========== NOTE 10. POSTRETIREMENT BENEFITS (Entergy Corporation, AP&L, GSU, LP&L, MP&L, NOPSI, and System Energy) Pension Plans The System companies have various postretirement benefit plans covering substantially all of their employees. The pension plans are noncontributory and provide pension benefits that are based on employees' credited service and compensation during the final years before retirement. Entergy Corporation and its subsidiaries fund pension costs in accordance with contribution guidelines established by the Employee Retirement Income Security Act of 1974, as amended, and the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended. The assets of the plans include common and preferred stocks, fixed income securities, interest in a money market fund, and insurance contracts. Prior to January 1, 1995, all System Companies' non-bargaining employees were generally included in a plan sponsored by the System company where they were employed. However, NOPSI was a participating employer in a plan sponsored by LP&L. Effective January 1, 1995, these employees became participants in a new plan with provisions substantially identical to their previous plan. Total 1995, 1994, and 1993 pension cost of Entergy Corporation and its subsidiaries (excluding GSU for 1993 for the Entergy Corporation total), including amounts capitalized, included the following components (in thousands):
1995 System Entergy AP&L GSU LP&L MP&L NOPSI Energy Service cost - benefits earned $ 29,282 $ 7,786 $ 6,686 $ 4,143 $ 2,152 $ 1,158 $ 2,260 during the period Interest cost on projected 80,794 24,372 21,098 15,111 9,240 2,680 2,230 benefit obligation Actual return on plan assets (261,864) (71,807) (82,624) (53,348) (30,443) (1,614) (8,827) Net amortization and deferral 178,345 47,766 53,921 34,902 20,081 64 5,510 --------- --------- --------- ---------- --------- --------- --------- Net pension cost $ 26,557 $ 8,117 $ (919) $ 808 $ 1,030 $ 2,288 $ 1,173 ========= ========= ========= ========== ========= ========= =========
1994 System Entergy AP&L GSU LP&L MP&L NOPSI Energy Service cost - benefits earned $ 35,712 $ 8,854 $ 9,497 $ 5,441 $ 2,484 $ 1,502 $ 2,619 during the period Interest cost on projected 77,943 22,651 21,335 14,473 8,648 2,740 2,148 benefit obligation Actual return on plan assets 10,381 365 6,785 2,024 1,507 - 498 Net amortization and deferral (96,893) (24,474) (39,405) (19,981) (11,843) (970) (3,535) Other 17,963 - 17,963 - - - - -------- --------- -------- --------- ---------- --------- --------- Net pension cost $ 45,106 $ 7,396 $ 16,175 $ 1,957 $ 796 $ 3,272 $ 1,730 ======== ========= ======== ========= ========== ========= =========
1993 System Entergy AP&L GSU LP&L MP&L NOPSI Energy Service cost - benefits earned $ 21,760 $ 7,940 $ 10,417 $ 4,900 $ 2,409 $ 1,387 $ 2,045 during the period Interest cost on projected 53,371 21,744 17,643 14,684 8,583 2,422 1,709 benefit obligation Actual return on plan assets (81,708) (31,984) (43,400) (26,533) (15,053) - (3,828) Net amortization and deferral 27,261 10,531 14,863 8,712 5,325 (49) 972 -------- --------- ----------- --------- --------- --------- ---------- Net pension cost $ 20,684 $ 8,231 $ (477) $ 1,763 $ 1,264 $ 3,760 $ 898 ======== ========= =========== ========= ========= ========= ==========
The funded status of Entergy's various pension plans as of December 31, 1995 and 1994 was (in thousands):
1995 System Entergy AP&L GSU LP&L MP&L NOPSI Energy Actuarial present value of accumulated pension plan obligation: Vested $989,509 $298,358 $256,173 $192,697 $116,851 $44,324 $23,692 Nonvested 4,555 1,342 792 705 147 29 640 --------- -------- -------- -------- -------- ------- ------- Accumulated benefit obligation 994,064 299,700 256,965 193,402 116,998 44,353 24,332 --------- -------- -------- -------- -------- ------- ------- Plan assets at fair value 1,224,594 337,929 374,010 245,521 140,513 18,658 41,951 Projected benefit obligation 1,156,831 341,946 289,666 218,715 129,180 51,699 36,491 --------- -------- -------- -------- -------- ------- ------- Plan assets in excess of 67,763 (4,017) 84,344 26,806 11,333 (33,041) 5,460 (less than) projected benefit obligation Unrecognized prior service cost 35,946 15,042 12,021 6,469 4,883 2,224 1,180 Unrecognized transition asset (46,856) (14,015) (11,937) (16,845) (7,502) (963) (5,887) Unrecognized net loss (gain) (94,618) (23,545) (135,303) (28,060) (13,832) 22,751 (3,074) --------- -------- -------- -------- -------- ------- ------- Accrued pension asset (liability) ($37,765) ($26,535) ($50,875) ($11,630) ($5,118) ($9,029) ($2,321) ========= ======== ======== ======== ======== ======= =======
1994 System Entergy AP&L GSU LP&L MP&L NOPSI Energy Actuarial present value of accumulated pension plan obligation: Vested $851,194 $238,769 $273,509 $154,927 $94,978 $26,291 $13,305 Nonvested 6,479 1,797 1,502 795 299 41 986 --------- -------- -------- -------- -------- ------- ------- Accumulated benefit obligation 857,673 240,566 275,011 155,722 95,277 26,332 14,291 --------- -------- -------- -------- -------- ------- ------- Plan assets at fair value 1,014,430 283,437 313,035 198,724 117,853 18,180 33,285 Projected benefit obligation 999,153 283,256 290,802 178,895 109,250 33,738 27,239 --------- -------- -------- -------- -------- ------- ------- Plan assets in excess of 15,277 181 22,233 19,829 8,603 (15,558) 6,046 (less than) projected benefit obligation Unrecognized prior service cost 25,501 6,568 13,720 4,881 4,198 2,291 1,242 Unrecognized transition asset (54,209) (16,350) (14,324) (19,653) (8,752) (1,159) (6,484) Unrecognized net loss (gain) (9,332) (12,453) (73,423) (16,677) (8,138) 5,779 (1,952) Other - - - (1,584) - 1,584 - --------- -------- -------- -------- -------- ------- ------- Accrued pension asset (liability) ($22,763) ($22,054) ($51,794) ($13,204) ($4,089) ($7,063) ($1,148) ========= ======== ======== ======== ======== ======= =======
The significant actuarial assumptions used in computing the information above for 1995, 1994, and 1993 (only 1995 and 1994 with respect to GSU being included in the Entergy Corporation total), were as follows: weighted average discount rate, 7.5% for 1995, 8.5% for 1994, and 7.5% for 1993, weighted average rate of increase in future compensation levels, 4.6% for 1995, 5.1% for 1994 and 5.6% (5% for GSU) for 1993; and expected long-term rate of return on plan assets, 8.5% . Transition assets of the System are being amortized over the greater of the remaining service period of active participants or 15 years. In 1994, GSU recorded an $18.0 million charge related to early retirement programs in connection with the Merger, of which $15.2 million was expensed. Other Postretirement Benefits The System companies also provide certain health care and life insurance benefits for retired employees. Substantially all employees may become eligible for these benefits if they reach retirement age while still working for the System companies. Effective January 1, 1993, Entergy adopted SFAS 106. The new standard required a change from a cash method to an accrual method of accounting for postretirement benefits other than pensions. The Operating Companies, other than MP&L and NOPSI, continue to fund these benefits on a pay-as-you-go basis. During 1994, pursuant to regulatory directives, MP&L and NOPSI began to fund their postretirement benefit obligation. These assets are invested in a money market fund. At January 1, 1993, the actuarially determined accumulated postretirement benefit obligation (APBO) earned by retirees and active employees was estimated to be approximately $241.4 million and $128 million for Entergy (other than GSU) and for GSU, respectively. Such obligations are being amortized over a 20-year period beginning in 1993. The Operating Companies have sought approval, in their respective regulatory jurisdictions, to implement the appropriate accounting requirements related to SFAS 106 for ratemaking purposes. AP&L has received an order permitting deferral, as a regulatory asset, of the difference between its annual cash expenditures for postretirement benefits other than pensions and the SFAS 106 accrual, for up to a five- year period commencing January 1, 1993. MP&L is expensing its SFAS 106 costs, which are reflected in rates pursuant to an order from the MPSC in connection with MP&L's formulary incentive-rate plan (see Note 2). The LPSC ordered GSU and LP&L to continue the use of the pay-as-you-go method for ratemaking purposes for postretirement benefits other than pensions, but the LPSC retains the flexibility to examine individual companies' accounting for postretirement benefits to determine if special exceptions to this order are warranted. NOPSI is expensing its SFAS 106 costs. Pursuant to resolutions adopted in November 1993 by the Council related to the Merger, NOPSI's SFAS 106 expenses through October 31, 1996, will be allowed by the Council for purposes of evaluating the appropriateness of NOPSI's rates. Pursuant to the PUCT's May 26, 1995, amended order, GSU is currently collecting its SFAS 106 costs in rates. Total 1995, 1994 and 1993 postretirement benefit cost of Entergy Corporation and its subsidiaries (excluding GSU for the Entergy Corporation total for 1993), including amounts capitalized and deferred, included the following components (in thousands):
1995 Entergy AP&L GSU LP&L MP&L NOPSI Service cost - benefits earned $ 10,797 $ 2,777 $ 1,864 $ 2,047 $ 909 $ 650 during the period Interest cost on APBO 25,629 5,398 8,526 4,215 1,969 3,258 Actual return on plan assets (759) - - - (245) (514) Net amortization and deferral 11,023 2,702 4,477 2,121 988 1,876 -------- -------- -------- --------- --------- --------- Net postretirement benefit cost $ 46,690 $ 10,877 $ 14,867 $ 8,383 $ 3,621 $ 5,270 ======== ======== ======== ========= ========= =========
1994 Entergy AP&L GSU LP&L MP&L NOPSI Service cost - benefits earned $ 11,863 $ 3,080 $ 2,169 $ 2,433 $ 876 $ 813 during the period Interest cost on APBO 23,312 5,510 6,449 4,422 1,833 3,502 Actual return on plan assets - - - - - - Net amortization and deferral 9,891 3,833 2,832 3,066 1,122 2,569 -------- -------- -------- --------- --------- --------- Net postretirement benefit cost $ 45,066 $ 12,423 $ 11,450 $ 9,921 $ 3,831 $ 6,884 ======== ======== ======== ========= ========= =========
1993 Entergy AP&L GSU LP&L MP&L NOPSI Service cost - benefits earned $ 7,751 $ 2,366 $ 5,467 $ 2,083 $ 812 $ 822 during the period Interest cost on APBO 19,394 6,427 9,976 4,749 2,400 4,248 Actual return on plan assets (71) (71) - - - - Net amortization and deferral 12,071 3,954 6,402 2,971 1,502 2,678 -------- -------- -------- --------- --------- --------- Net postretirement benefit cost $ 39,145 $ 12,676 $ 21,845 $ 9,803 $ 4,714 $ 7,748 ======== ======== ======== ========= ========= =========
The funded status of Entergy's postretirement plans as of December 31, 1995 and 1994, was (in thousands):
1995 Entergy AP&L GSU LP&L MP&L NOPSI Actuarial present value of accumulated postretirement benefit obligation: Retirees $244,192 $46,633 $101,698 $36,262 $15,957 $33,652 Other fully eligible participants 48,393 9,161 17,334 7,614 4,619 3,215 Other active participants 71,464 16,745 15,980 13,288 5,692 4,306 --------- -------- -------- -------- ------- ------- Accumulated benefit obligation 364,049 72,539 135,012 57,164 26,268 41,173 Plan assets at fair value 15,494 - - - 5,151 10,343 --------- -------- -------- -------- ------- ------- Plan assets less than APBO (348,555) (72,539) (135,012) (57,164) (21,117) (30,830) Unrecognized transition obligation 204,348 67,206 107,975 50,517 25,533 45,539 Unrecognized net loss (gain)/other (1,639) (16,757) (617) (8,556) (6,179) (13,835) --------- -------- -------- -------- ------- ------- Accrued postretirement benefit liability ($145,846) ($22,090) ($27,654) ($15,203) ($1,763) $874 ========= ======== ======== ======== ======= =======
1994 Entergy AP&L GSU LP&L MP&L NOPSI Actuarial present value of accumulated postretirement benefit obligation: Retirees $186,570 $49,291 $39,695 $38,401 $15,531 $38,059 Other fully eligible participants 58,330 9,876 26,069 8,550 4,293 3,351 Other active participants 52,324 12,204 13,445 9,695 3,561 3,551 --------- -------- -------- -------- ------- ------- Accumulated benefit obligation 297,224 71,371 79,209 56,646 23,385 44,961 Plan assets at fair value 9,733 - - - 2,949 6,784 --------- -------- -------- -------- ------- ------- Plan assets less than APBO (287,491) (71,371) (79,209) (56,646) (20,436) (38,177) Unrecognized transition obligation 217,275 71,160 115,232 53,488 27,035 48,217 Unrecognized net loss (gain) (58,178) (16,272) (57,410) (8,253) (8,636) (10,057) --------- -------- -------- -------- ------- ------- Accrued postretirement benefit liability ($128,394) ($16,483) ($21,387) ($11,411) ($2,037) ($17) ========= ======== ======== ======== ======= =======
The assumed health care cost trend rate used in measuring the APBO of the System companies was 8.4% for 1996, gradually decreasing each successive year until it reaches 5.0% in 2005. A one percentage-point increase in the assumed health care cost trend rate for each year would have increased the APBO of the System companies, as of December 31, 1995, by 11.3% (AP&L-11.8%, GSU-10.4%, LP&L-11.8%, MP&L-12.2% and NOPSI- 10.0%), and the sum of the service cost and interest cost by approximately 14.1% (AP&L-15.0%, GSU-12.8%, LP&L-14.4%, MP&L-14.4% and NOPSI-12.8%). The assumed discount rate and rate of increase in future compensation used in determining the APBO were 7.5% for 1995, 8.5% for 1994 and 7.5% for 1993, and 4.6% for 1995, 5.1% for 1994 and 5.5% (5% for GSU) for 1993, respectively. The expected long-term rate of return on plan assets was 8.5% for 1995. NOTE 11. RESTRUCTURING COSTS (Entergy Corporation, AP&L, GSU, LP&L, MP&L, and NOPSI) The restructuring programs announced by Entergy in 1994 and 1995 included anticipated reductions in the number of employees and the consolidation of offices and facilities. The programs are designed to reduce costs, improve operating efficiencies, and increase shareholder value in order to enable Entergy to become a low-cost producer. The balances as of December 31, 1994, and 1995, for restructuring liabilities associated with these programs are shown below by company along with the actual termination benefits paid under the programs. Restructuring Restructuring Liability as of Additional Payments Liability as of December 31, 1995 Made in December 31, Company 1994 Charges 1995 1995 (In Millions) AP&L $12.2 $16.2 ($20.1) $8.3 GSU 6.5 13.1 (14.2) $5.4 LP&L 6.8 6.4 (11.0) $2.2 MP&L 6.2 2.9 (6.6) $2.5 NOPSI 3.4 0.2 (3.0) $0.6 Other - 9.6 (4.4) $5.2 ----- ----- ------ ----- Total $35.1 $48.4 ($59.3) $24.2 ===== ===== ====== ===== The restructuring charges shown above primarily included employee severance costs related to the expected termination of approximately 2,750 employees in various groups. As of December 31, 1995, 2,100 employees had either been terminated or accepted voluntary separation packages under the restructuring plan. Additionally, the System recorded $24.3 million in 1994 (of which $23.8 million was recorded by GSU) for remaining severance and augmented retirement benefits related to the Merger. Actual termination benefits paid under the program during 1995 amounted to $21.6 million. During that same period, adjustments to the allocation of the total liability were made among the System companies. At December 31, 1995, the total remaining System liability for expected future Merger-related outlays was $2.8 million, comprised principally of GSU's liability of $2.3 million. NOTE 12. TRANSACTIONS WITH AFFILIATES (AP&L, GSU, LP&L, MP&L, NOPSI, and System Energy) The various Operating Companies purchase electricity from and/or sell electricity to other Operating Companies, System Energy, and Entergy Power (in the case of AP&L) under rate schedules filed with FERC. In addition, the Operating Companies and System Energy purchase fuel from System Fuels, receive technical, advisory, and administrative services from Entergy Services, and receive management and operating services from Entergy Operations. As described in Note 1, all of System Energy's operating revenues consist of billings to AP&L, LP&L, MP&L, and NOPSI. The tables below contain the various affiliate transactions among the Operating Companies and System Entergy (in millions). Intercompany Revenues System AP&L GSU LP&L MP&L NOPSI Energy 1995 $ 195.5 $62.7 $ 1.6 $ 43.3 $ 3.2 $ 605.6 1994 $ 232.6 $44.4 $ 1.0 $ 45.8 $ 2.1 $ 475.0 1993 $ 175.8 $ - $ 4.8 $ 40.7 $ 2.5 $ 650.8 Intercompany Operating Expenses System AP&L(1) GSU LP&L MP&L NOPSI Energy 1995 $ 316.0 $ 266.5 $ 335.5 $ 262.6 $ 164.4 $ 6.5 1994 $ 310.7 $ 296.9 $ 365.8 $ 280.2 $ 170.1 $ 10.5 1993 $ 323.2 $ 25.5 $ 322.0 $ 360.5 $ 176.3 $ 12.3 (1) Includes $31.0 million in 1995, $25.7 million in 1994, and $16.8 million in 1993 for power purchased from Entergy Power. Operating Expenses Paid or Reimbursed to Entergy Operations System AP&L GSU LP&L Energy 1995 $ 189.8 $ 129.1 $ 122.6 $ 116.9 1994 $ 221.2 $ 210.2 $ 152.5 $ 179.6 1993 $ 226.3 $ - $ 118.9 $ 151.3 In addition, certain materials and services required for fabrication of nuclear fuel are acquired and financed by System Fuels and then sold to System Energy as needed. Charges for these materials and services, which represent additions to nuclear fuel, amounted to approximately $51.5 million in 1995, $26.4 million in 1994, and $32.8 million in 1993. NOTE 13. ENTERGY CORPORATION-GSU MERGER On December 31, 1993, Entergy Corporation and GSU consummated the Merger. GSU became a wholly owned subsidiary of Entergy Corporation and continues to operate as an electric utility corporation under the regulation of FERC, the SEC, the PUCT, and the LPSC. As consideration to GSU's shareholders, Entergy Corporation paid $250 million and issued 56,695,724 shares of its common stock in exchange for the 114,055,065 outstanding shares of GSU common stock. In addition, $33.5 million of transaction costs were capitalized in connection with the Merger. Note 1 describes the accounting for the acquisition adjustment recorded in connection with the Merger. The pro forma combined revenues, net income, earnings per common share before extraordinary items, cumulative effect of accounting changes, and earnings per common share of Entergy Corporation presented below give effect to the Merger as if it had occurred at January 1, 1992. This unaudited pro forma information is not necessarily indicative of the results of operations that would have occurred had the Merger been consummated for the period for which it is being given effect. Years Ended December 31 1993 1992 (In Thousands, Except Per Share Amounts) Revenues $6,286,999 $5,850,973 Net income $ 595,211 $ 521,783 Earnings per average common share before extraordinary items and cumulative effect of accounting changes $ 2.10 $ 2.26 Earnings per average common share $ 2.57 $ 2.24 NOTE 14. BUSINESS SEGMENT INFORMATION NOPSI supplies electric and natural gas services in the City. NOPSI's segment information follows:
1995 1994 1993 Electric Gas Electric Gas Electric Gas (In Thousands) Operating revenues $394,394 $80,276 $360,430 $87,357 $423,830 $90,992 Revenue from sales to unaffiliated customers (1) $391,977 $80,276 $358,369 $87,357 $421,343 $90,992 Operating income before income taxes $ 61,092 $ 9,638 $ 23,976 $ 9,387 $ 72,572 $11,412 Operating income $ 43,489 $ 7,405 $ 22,358 $ 7,403 $ 52,046 $ 7,706 Net utility plant $204,407 $65,236 $209,901 $67,875 $211,776 $63,803 Depreciation expense $ 15,858 $ 3,290 $ 15,743 $ 3,310 $ 14,308 $ 2,976 Construction expenditures $ 21,729 $ 6,107 $ 16,997 $ 5,780 $ 19,774 $ 5,039
(1) NOPSI's intersegment transactions are not material (less than 1% of sales to unaffiliated customers). NOTE 15. SUBSEQUENT EVENT (UNAUDITED) Acquisition of CitiPower (Entergy Corporation) On January 5, 1996, Entergy Corporation finalized its acquisition of CitiPower, an electric distribution utility serving Melbourne, Australia. Entergy Corporation made an equity investment of $294 million in CitiPower and the remainder of the total purchase price of approximately $1.2 billion was made up of new CitiPower debt. CitiPower has 234,500 customers, the majority of which are commercial customers. NOTE 16. QUARTERLY FINANCIAL DATA (UNAUDITED) (Entergy Corporation, AP&L, GSU, LP&L, MP&L, NOPSI, and System Energy) The business of the System is subject to seasonal fluctuations with the peak period occurring during the third quarter. Operating results for the four quarters of 1995 and 1994 were:
Operating Revenues System Entergy AP&L GSU(a) LP&L MP&L NOPSI(d) Energy(e) (In Thousands) 1995: First Quarter $1,333,768 $339,596 $399,346 $353,462 $193,579 $108,886 $151,664 Second Quarter 1,555,381 412,164 479,609 406,576 236,120 112,666 158,632 Third Quarter 1,959,428 530,448 540,287 529,457 259,223 146,720 144,758 Fourth Quarter 1,425,851 366,025 442,732 385,380 200,921 106,398 150,585 1994: First Quarter 1,404,779 371,091 429,658 384,296 185,687 117,088 147,847 Second Quarter 1,587,558 414,901 456,855 442,113 230,580 124,402 151,219 Third Quarter 1,829,214 470,770 545,531 502,926 257,496 133,574 150,949 Fourth Quarter 1,155,570 333,980 365,321 381,080 186,082 72,723 24,948
Operating Income (Loss) System Entergy AP&L(b)(c) GSU(a)(b) LP&L(c) MP&L(c) NOPSI(c)(d) Energy(e) (In Thousands) 1995: First Quarter $234,560 $29,682 $47,371 $69,317 $22,270 $10,863 $60,072 Second Quarter 333,825 67,367 88,778 85,970 32,792 12,500 61,290 Third Quarter 445,975 94,076 113,531 125,168 41,789 21,085 57,663 Fourth Quarter 205,378 26,806 54,749 51,814 19,821 6,446 57,270 1994: First Quarter 253,870 44,674 58,561 68,668 18,715 6,459 64,342 Second Quarter 325,935 59,581 83,357 80,686 33,828 17,880 65,779 Third Quarter 336,611 56,163 64,853 99,824 23,675 15,941 65,869 Fourth Quarter 152,325 56,215 6,880 93,942 19,539 (10,519) (24,223)
Net Income (Loss) System Entergy(f) AP&L(b)(c)(f) GSU(a)(b) LP&L(c) MP&L(c) NOPSI(c)(d) Energy(e) (In Thousands) 1995: First Quarter $90,392 $10,714 $3,635 $36,062 $9,774 $6,245 $22,565 Second Quarter 162,703 47,844 43,353 53,082 20,578 8,688 23,802 Third Quarter 263,118 73,963 68,112 92,819 29,228 16,862 23,366 Fourth Quarter 3,767 39,559 7,819 19,574 9,087 2,591 23,306 1994: First Quarter 70,735 26,388 11,043 37,096 6,249 1,813 21,549 Second Quarter 144,337 41,763 33,084 48,353 21,653 13,812 25,212 Third Quarter 143,198 36,630 (31,662) 67,029 10,856 11,933 24,934 Fourth Quarter (16,429) 37,482 (95,220) 61,361 10,021 (14,347) (66,288)
(a)See Note 2 for information regarding the recording of a reserve for rate refund in December 1994. (b)See Note 11 for information regarding the recording of certain restructuring costs in 1994 and 1995. (c)See Note 3 for information regarding the write-off of certain unamortized deferred investment tax credits in the fourth quarter of 1994. (d)See Note 2 for information regarding credits and refunds recorded in 1994 as a result of the 1994 NOPSI Settlement. (e)See Note 2 for information regarding the recording of refunds in connection with the FERC Settlement in November 1994. (f)The fourth quarter of 1995 reflects an increase in net income of $35.4 million (net of income taxes of $22.9 million) and an increase in earnings per share of $.15 due to the recording of the cumulative effect of the change in accounting method for incremental nuclear refueling outage maintenance costs. See Note 1 for a discussion of the change in accounting method. Earnings (Loss) per Average Common Share (Entergy Corporation) 1995 1994 First Quarter $0.40 $ 0.31 Second Quarter $0.71 $ 0.63 Third Quarter $1.16 $ 0.63 Fourth Quarter (f) $0.02 $(0.07) Item 9. Changes In and Disagreements With Accountants On Accounting and Financial Disclosure. No event that would be described in response to this item has occurred with respect to Entergy, System Energy, AP&L, GSU, LP&L, MP&L, or NOPSI. PART III Item 10. Directors and Executive Officers of the Registrants. All officers and directors listed below held the specified positions with their respective companies as of the date of filing this report. ENTERGY CORPORATION Directors Information required by this item concerning directors of Entergy Corporation is set forth under the heading "Election of Directors" contained in the Proxy Statement of Entergy Corporation to be filed in connection with its Annual Meeting of Stockholders to be held May 17, 1996, and is incorporated herein by reference.
Name Age Position Period Officers Edwin Lupberger(a) 59 Chairman of the Board, Chief 1985-Present Executive Officer, President, and Director of Entergy Corporation Chairman of the Board and Chief 1993-Present Executive Officer of AP&L, LP&L, MP&L, and NOPSI Chairman of the Board, Chief 1994-Present Executive Officer and Director of GSU Chairman of the Board of System 1986-Present Energy and Entergy Enterprises Chairman of the Board of Entergy 1990-Present Operations Chairman of the Board of Entergy 1985-Present Services Chief Executive Officer of Entergy 1991-Present Services Chief Executive Officer of Entergy 1993-Present Power, Entergy Power Development Corporation, and Entergy-Richmond Power Corporation Chief Executive Officer of Entergy 1994-Present Pakistan, Ltd. and Entergy Power Asia, Ltd. Chief Executive Officer of Entergy 1995-Present EDEGEL I, Inc., EP EDEGEL, Inc., Entergy Power Development International Corporation, Entergy Power Holding I, Ltd., Entergy Power Holding II, Ltd., Entergy Power Marketing Corporation, Entergy Power Operations Corporation, Entergy Power Operations Holdings, Ltd., Entergy Power Operations Pakistan LDC, Entergy Victoria LDC, Entergy Victoria Holdings LDC, Entergy Yacyreta I, Inc., EPG Cayman Holding I, EPG Cayman Holding II President of Entergy Corporation 1995-Present President of Entergy Services and 1994-Present Entergy Enterprises Director of AP&L, LP&L, MP&L, 1986-Present NOPSI, and System Energy Director of Entergy Operations and 1994-Present Entergy Services Director of Entergy Enterprises 1984-Present Chairman of the Board of Entergy 1990-1993 Power Chief Executive Officer of Entergy 1991-1994 Enterprises President of Entergy Corporation 1985-1991 President of Entergy Services and 1990-1991 Entergy Enterprises Director of System Fuels 1986-1992 Jerry L. Maulden 59 Vice Chairman of Entergy 1995-Present Corporation Vice Chairman and Chief Operating 1993-Present Officer of AP&L, GSU, LP&L, MP&L, and NOPSI Vice Chairman of Entergy Services 1992-Present Director of AP&L 1979-Present Director of GSU 1993-Present Director of LP&L and NOPSI 1991-Present Director of MP&L 1988-Present Director of Entergy Operations 1990-Present Director of System Energy 1987-Present Director of Entergy Services 1979-Present Chairman of the Board of AP&L 1989-1993 Chairman of the Board and Chief 1991-1993 Executive Officer of LP&L and NOPSI Chairman of the Board and Chief 1989-1993 Executive Officer of MP&L Chief Executive Officer of AP&L 1979-1993 President and Chief Operating 1993-1995 Officer of Entergy Corporation Senior Vice President, System 1988-1991 Executive - Arkansas/Mississippi/Missouri Division of Entergy Corporation Group President, System Executive - 1991-1993 Transmission, Distribution, and Customer Service of Entergy Corporation Group President, System Executive - 1991-1992 Transmission, Distribution, and Customer Service of Entergy Services Director of System Fuels 1979-1992 Director of Entergy Enterprises 1984-1991 Jerry D. Jackson 51 Executive Vice President - 1994-Present Marketing and External Affairs of Entergy Corporation Executive Vice President - 1995-Present Marketing and External Affairs of AP&L, GSU, LP&L, MP&L, and NOPSI Executive Vice President - 1994-Present Marketing and External Affairs of Entergy Services Director of AP&L, LP&L, MP&L, and 1992-Present NOPSI Director of GSU 1994-Present Director of Entergy Services 1990-Present President and Chief Administrative 1992-1994 Officer of Entergy Services President of Entergy Enterprises 1991-1992 Executive Vice President - Finance 1990-1994 and External Affairs of Entergy Corporation Executive Vice President - Finance 1992-1994 and External Affairs and Secretary of AP&L, LP&L, MP&L, and NOPSI Executive Vice President - Finance 1993-1994 and External Affairs of GSU Executive Vice President - Finance 1990-1992 and External Affairs of Entergy Services Secretary of Entergy Corporation 1991-1994 Secretary of GSU 1994-1995 Director of System Energy 1993-1995 Director of Entergy Power and 1990-1992 Entergy Enterprises Donald C. Hintz 53 Executive Vice President and Chief 1994-Present Nuclear Officer of Entergy Corporation Executive Vice President - Nuclear 1994-Present of AP&L, GSU, and LP&L Chief Executive Officer and 1992-Present President of System Energy and Entergy Operations Director of AP&L, LP&L, MP&L, 1992-Present System Energy, System Fuels, and Entergy Services Director of GSU 1993-Present Director of Entergy Operations 1990-Present Director of GSG&T, Prudential Oil & 1994-Present Gas, Southern Gulf Railway, and Varibus Corporation Senior Vice President and Chief 1993-1994 Nuclear Officer of Entergy Corporation Senior Vice President - Nuclear of 1990-1994 AP&L Senior Vice President - Nuclear of 1993-1994 GSU Senior Vice President - Nuclear of 1992-1994 LP&L President of Entergy Operations 1992-1992 Director of NOPSI 1992-1994 Chief Operating Officer and 1990-1992 Executive Vice President of Entergy Operations Group Vice President - Nuclear of 1990-1992 LP&L Gerald D. McInvale 52 Executive Vice President and Chief 1995-Present Financial Officer of Entergy Corporation, Entergy Services, AP&L, GSU, LP&L, MP&L, NOPSI, System Energy, Entergy Enterprises, Entergy Operations, System Fuels Inc., Entergy Systems and Services, GSG&T, Prudential Oil & Gas, Southern Gulf Railway, and Varibus Corporation Senior Vice President, Treasurer, 1994-Present and Director of Entergy Pakistan, Ltd. and Entergy Power Asia, Ltd. Senior Vice President, Treasurer, 1993-Present and Director of Entergy Power Development Corporation and Entergy-Richmond Power Corporation Senior Vice President, Treasurer, 1995-Present and Director of Entergy EDEGEL I, Inc., EP EDEGEL, Inc., Entergy Power Development International Corporation, Entergy Power Holding I, Ltd., Entergy Power Holding II, Ltd., Entergy Power Marketing Corporation, Entergy Power Operations Corporation, Entergy Power Operations Holdings, Ltd., Entergy Power Operations Pakistan LDC, Entergy Victoria LDC, Entergy Victoria Holdings LDC, Entergy Yacyreta I, Inc., EPG Cayman Holding I, EPG Cayman Holding II Vice President, Treasurer, and 1993-Present Director of Entergy Power Treasurer of Entergy Enterprises 1992-Present Director of AP&L, GSU, LP&L, MP&L, 1995-Present NOPSI, Entergy Services, System Energy, Entergy Operations, GSG&T, Prudential Oil & Gas, Southern Gulf Railway, and Varibus Corporation Director of System Fuels 1992-Present Director of Entergy Systems and 1993-Present Service, Inc. Chairman of the Board of Entergy 1994-1995 Systems and Service, Inc. Senior Vice President and Chief 1991-1995 Financial Officer of Entergy Corporation, AP&L, LP&L, MP&L, NOPSI, System Energy, Entergy Operations, Entergy Services, and Entergy Enterprises Senior Vice President and Chief 1993-1995 Financial Officer of GSU Senior Vice President and Chief 1994-1995 Financial Officer of System Fuels Director and Acting Chief Operating 1994-1995 Officer of Entergy Enterprises President - Executive Information 1990-1991 Strategies, (consulting firm), Dallas, Texas Michael G. Thompson 55 Senior Vice President and General 1992-Present Counsel of Entergy Corporation and Entergy Services Senior Vice President and General 1995-Present Counsel of AP&L, GSU, LP&L, MP&L, and NOPSI Senior Vice President-Law and 1992-Present Secretary of Entergy Enterprises Senior Vice President, Secretary, 1994-Present and Director of Entergy Pakistan, Ltd. and Entergy Power Asia, Ltd. Senior Vice President, Secretary, 1994-Present and Director of Entergy EDEGEL I, Inc., Entergy Power Marketing Corporation, Entergy Power Operations Holding Ltd., Entergy Yacyreta I, Inc., and EP EDEGEL, Inc. Senior Vice President, Secretary, 1995-Present and Director of Entergy Power Development International Corporation, Entergy Power Holding I, Ltd., Entergy Power Holding II, Ltd., Entergy Power Operations Corporation, Entergy Power Operations Pakistan LDC, Entergy Victoria LDC, Entergy Victoria Holdings LDC, EPG Cayman Holding I, and EPG Cayman Holding II Senior Vice President, Secretary, 1992-Present and Director of Entergy Power Development Corporation and Entergy-Richmond Power Corporation Vice President, Secretary, and 1994-Present Director of Entergy Power Vice President and Secretary of 1993-Present Entergy Systems and Service, Inc. Secretary of Entergy Corporation 1994-Present Secretary of AP&L, GSU, LP&L, MP&L, 1995-Present and NOPSI Director of Entergy Systems and 1992-Present Service, Inc. Senior Vice President, Chief Legal 1993-1994 Officer, Director and Secretary of Entergy Power Assistant Secretary of Entergy 1993-1994 Corporation Senior Partner of Friday, Eldredge 1987-1992 & Clark (law firm) S. M. Henry Brown, Jr. 57 Vice President - Federal 1989-Present Governmental Affairs of Entergy Corporation and Entergy Services Charles L. Kelly 59 Vice President - Corporate 1992-Present Communications and Public Relations of Entergy Corporation Vice President - Corporate 1991-Present Communications and Public Relations of Entergy Services Vice President - Corporate 1981-1991 Communications of AP&L William J. Regan, Jr. 49 Vice President and Treasurer of 1995-Present Entergy Corporation, AP&L, GSU, LP&L, MP&L, NOPSI, System Energy, Entergy Operations, Entergy Services, System Fuels Inc., GSG&T, Prudential Oil & Gas, Southern Gulf Railway, and Varibus Corporation Assistant Secretary of System Fuels 1995-Present Inc., GSG&T, Prudential Oil & Gas, Southern Gulf Railway, and Varibus Corporation Senior Vice President and Corporate 1989-1995 Treasurer of United Services Automobile Association Louis E. Buck, Jr. 47 Vice President and Chief Accounting 1995-Present Officer of Entergy Corporation, AP&L, GSU, LP&L, MP&L, NOPSI, System Energy, Entergy Operations, and Entergy Services Assistant Secretary of AP&L, GSU, 1995-Present LP&L, MP&L, NOPSI, Entergy Operations, and Entergy Services Vice President and Chief Financial 1992-1995 Officer of North Carolina Electric Membership Corporation Manager of Finance of Texas 1988-1992 Utilities Services (public utility) ARKANSAS POWER & LIGHT COMPANY Directors Michael B. Bemis(b) 48 Executive Vice President - Customer 1992-Present Service and Director of AP&L, LP&L, and MP&L Executive Vice President - Customer 1993-Present Service of GSU Executive Vice President - Customer 1992-Present Service of NOPSI and Entergy Services Director of GSU 1994-Present Director of System Fuels 1992-Present Director of Varibus Corporation, 1994-Present Prudential Oil & Gas, Inc., GSG&T, Inc., and Southern Gulf Railway Company President and Chief Operating 1992-1992 Officer of LP&L and NOPSI President and Chief Operating 1989-1991 Officer of MP&L Director of NOPSI 1992-1994 Secretary of MP&L 1991-1991 Donald C. Hintz 53 See the information under the Entergy Corporation Officers Section above, incorporated herein by reference. Jerry D. Jackson 51 See the information under the Entergy Corporation Officers Section above, incorporated herein by reference. R. Drake Keith 60 President and Director of AP&L 1989-Present Chief Operating Officer of AP&L 1989-1992 Secretary of AP&L 1991-1992 Edwin Lupberger 59 See the information under the Entergy Corporation Officers Section above, incorporated herein by reference. Jerry L. Maulden 59 See the information under the Entergy Corporation Officers Section above, incorporated herein by reference. Gerald D. McInvale 52 See the information under the Entergy Corporation Officers Section above, incorporated herein by reference. Officers Edwin Lupberger 59 See the information under the Entergy Corporation Officers Section above, incorporated herein by reference. Jerry L. Maulden 59 See the information under the Entergy Corporation Officers Section above, incorporated herein by reference. R. Drake Keith 60 See the information under the AP&L Directors Section above, incorporated herein by reference. Michael B. Bemis 48 See the information under the AP&L Directors Section above, incorporated herein by reference. Jerry D. Jackson 51 See the information under the Entergy Corporation Officers Section above, incorporated herein by reference. Frank F. Gallaher 50 Chairman of the Board of System 1992-Present Fuels Chairman of the Board and Director 1993-Present of Varibus Corporation, Prudential Oil & Gas, Inc., GSG&T, Inc., and Southern Gulf Railway Company President of GSU 1994-Present Executive Vice President - Fossil 1993-Present Operations of AP&L, LP&L, MP&L, NOPSI, and Entergy Services Director of GSU 1993-Present Director of Entergy Services and 1992-Present System Fuels Senior Vice President - Fossil 1992-1993 Operations of AP&L, LP&L, MP&L, NOPSI, and Entergy Services Vice President - System Planning of 1990-1992 Entergy Services Donald C. Hintz 53 See the information under the Entergy Corporation Officers Section above, incorporated herein by reference. Gerald D. McInvale 52 See the information under the Entergy Corporation Officers Section above, incorporated herein by reference. Michael G. Thompson 55 See the information under the Entergy Corporation Officers Section above, incorporated herein by reference. Michael R. Niggli 46 Senior Vice President - Marketing 1993-Present of AP&L, GSU, LP&L, MP&L, NOPSI, and Entergy Services Vice President - Customer Services 1993-1993 of LP&L, NOPSI, and Entergy Services Vice President - Strategic Planning 1990-1992 of Entergy Services Vice President and Director of 1991-1992 Entergy Enterprises Cecil L. Alexander 60 Vice President - Governmental 1991-Present Affairs of AP&L Vice President - Public Affairs of 1989-1991 AP&L Richard J. Landy 50 Senior Vice President and Chief 1995-Present Administrative Officer of AP&L, EOI, Entergy Services, GSU, LP&L, MP&L, and NOPSI Vice President - Human Resources 1991-Present and Administration of AP&L, LP&L, MP&L, NOPSI, Entergy Services, and EOI Vice President - Human Resources 1993-Present and Administration of GSU Vice President - Human Resources 1990-1991 and Administration of Entergy Operations James S. Pilgrim 60 Vice President - Customer Service 1994-Present of AP&L Director, Central Region, TDCS 1993-1994 Customer Service Central Division Manager of MP&L 1991-1993 Northern Division Manager of MP&L 1988-1991 William J. Regan, Jr. 49 See the information under the Entergy Corporation Officers Section above, incorporated herein by reference. Louis E. Buck, Jr. 47 See the information under the Entergy Corporation Officers Section above, incorporated herein by reference. C. Hiram Walters 59 Vice President - Customer Service 1993-Present of AP&L Vice President - Customer Service 1994-Present of LP&L Vice President - Customer Service, 1993-Present Central Region of Entergy Services Senior Vice President - Customer 1991-1992 Service of Entergy Services Vice President - Customer Service 1984-1991 of MP&L GULF STATES UTILITIES COMPANY Directors Michael B. Bemis 48 See the information under the AP&L Directors Section above, incorporated herein by reference. Frank F. Gallaher 50 See the information under the AP&L Officers Section above, incorporated herein by reference. Donald C. Hintz 53 See the information under the Entergy Corporation Officers Section above, incorporated herein by reference. Jerry D. Jackson 51 See the information under the Entergy Corporation Officers Section above, incorporated herein by reference. Edwin Lupberger 59 See the information under the Entergy Corporation Officers Section above, incorporated herein by reference. Jerry L. Maulden 59 See the information under the Entergy Corporation Officers Section above, incorporated herein by reference. Gerald D. McInvale 52 See the information under the Entergy Corporation Officers Section above, incorporated herein by reference. Officers Edwin Lupberger 59 See the information under the Entergy Corporation Officers Section above, incorporated herein by reference. Jerry L. Maulden 59 See the information under the Entergy Corporation Officers Section above, incorporated herein by reference. Frank F. Gallaher 50 See the information under the AP&L Officers Section above, incorporated herein by reference. Michael B. Bemis 48 See the information under the AP&L Directors Section above, incorporated herein by reference. Jerry D. Jackson 51 See the information under the Entergy Corporation Officers Section above, incorporated herein by reference. Donald C. Hintz 53 See the information under the Entergy Corporation Officers Section above, incorporated herein by reference. Gerald D. McInvale 52 See the information under the Entergy Corporation Officers Section above, incorporated herein by reference. Michael G. Thompson 55 See the information under the Entergy Corporation Officers Section above, incorporated herein by reference. Michael R. Niggli 46 See the information under the AP&L Officers Section above, incorporated herein by reference. Richard J. Landy 50 See the information under the AP&L Officers Section above, incorporated herein by reference. William E. Colston 60 Vice President - Customer Service 1994-Present of GSU Vice President - Customer Service 1993-Present of LP&L Vice President - Customer Service 1993-Present of Southern Region of Entergy Services Vice President - Division Manager 1988-1991 of LP&L Regional Director of LP&L 1992-1993 Calvin J. Hebert 61 Vice President - Customer Service 1993-Present of GSU Senior Vice President - Division 1992-1993 Operations of GSU Senior Vice President - External 1986-1992 Affairs of GSU Karen Johnson 51 Vice President - Governmental 1994-Present Affairs of GSU - Texas Executive Director of State Bar of 1990-1994 Texas (state agency) William J. Regan, Jr. 49 See the information under the Entergy Corporation Officers Section above, incorporated herein by reference. Louis E. Buck, Jr. 47 See the information under the Entergy Corporation Officers Section above, incorporated herein by reference. LOUISIANA POWER & LIGHT COMPANY Directors Michael B. Bemis 48 See the information under the AP&L Directors Section above, incorporated herein by reference. John J. Cordaro 62 President and Director of LP&L and 1992-Present NOPSI Group Vice President - External 1989-1992 Affairs of LP&L and NOPSI Donald C. Hintz 53 See the information under the Entergy Corporation Officers Section above, incorporated herein by reference. Jerry D. Jackson 51 See the information under the Entergy Corporation Officers Section above, incorporated herein by reference. Edwin Lupberger 59 See the information under the Entergy Corporation Officers Section above, incorporated herein by reference. Jerry L. Maulden 59 See the information under the Entergy Corporation Officers Section above, incorporated herein by reference. Gerald D. McInvale 52 See the information under the Entergy Corporation Officers Section above, incorporated herein by reference. Officers Edwin Lupberger 59 See the information under the Entergy Corporation Officers Section above, incorporated herein by reference. Jerry L. Maulden 59 See the information under the Entergy Corporation Officers Section above, incorporated herein by reference. John J. Cordaro 62 See the information under the LP&L Directors Section above, incorporated herein by reference. Michael B. Bemis 48 See the information under the AP&L Directors Section above, incorporated herein by reference. Jerry D. Jackson 51 See the information under the Entergy Corporation Officers Section above, incorporated herein by reference. Frank F. Gallaher 50 See the information under the AP&L Officers Section above, incorporated herein by reference. Donald C. Hintz 53 See the information under the Entergy Corporation Officers Section above, incorporated herein by reference. Gerald D. McInvale 52 See the information under the Entergy Corporation Officers Section above, incorporated herein by reference. Michael G. Thompson 55 See the information under the Entergy Corporation Officers Section above, incorporated herein by reference. Michael R. Niggli 46 See the information under the AP&L Officers Section above, incorporated herein by reference. Richard C. Guthrie 53 Vice President - Governmental 1992-Present Affairs of LP&L and NOPSI Vice President - Public Affairs of 1986-1992 LP&L and NOPSI Richard J. Landy 50 See the information under the AP&L Officers Section above, incorporated herein by reference. James D. Bruno 56 Vice President - Customer Service 1994-Present of LP&L and NOPSI Vice President - Metro Region of 1993-Present Entergy Services Vice President - Division Manager - 1988-1991 Orleans Division of Entergy Services Region Director - Metro Region of 1991-1993 Entergy Services William E. Colston 60 See the information under the GSU Officers Section above, incorporated herein by reference. William J. Regan, Jr. 49 See the information under the Entergy Corporation Officers Section above, incorporated herein by reference. Louis E. Buck, Jr. 47 See the information under the Entergy Corporation Officers Section above, incorporated herein by reference. C. Hiram Walters 59 See the information under the AP&L Officers Section above, incorporated herein by reference. MISSISSIPPI POWER & LIGHT COMPANY Directors Michael B. Bemis 48 See the information under the AP&L Directors Section above, incorporated herein by reference. Donald C. Hintz 53 See the information under the Entergy Corporation Officers Section above, incorporated herein by reference. Jerry D. Jackson 51 See the information under the Entergy Corporation Officers Section above, incorporated herein by reference. Edwin Lupberger 59 See the information under the Entergy Corporation Officers Section above, incorporated herein by reference. Jerry L. Maulden 59 See the information under the Entergy Corporation Officers Section above, incorporated herein by reference. Donald E. Meiners(c) 60 President and Director of MP&L 1992-Present President and Chief Operating 1990-1991 Officer of LP&L and NOPSI Chief Operating Officer and 1992-1992 Secretary of MP&L Gerald D. McInvale 52 See the information under the Entergy Corporation Officers Section above, incorporated herein by reference. Officers Edwin Lupberger 59 See the information under the Entergy Corporation Officers Section above, incorporated herein by reference. Jerry L. Maulden 59 See the information under the Entergy Corporation Officers Section above, incorporated herein by reference. Donald E. Meiners 60 See the information under the MP&L Directors Section above, incorporated herein by reference. Michael B. Bemis 48 See the information under the AP&L Directors Section above, incorporated herein by reference. Jerry D. Jackson 51 See the information under the Entergy Corporation Officers Section above, incorporated herein by reference. Frank F. Gallaher 50 See the information under the AP&L Officers Section above, incorporated herein by reference. Gerald D. McInvale 52 See the information under the Entergy Corporation Officers Section above, incorporated herein by reference. Michael G. Thompson 55 See the information under the Entergy Corporation Officers Section above, incorporated herein by reference. Michael R. Niggli 46 See the information under the AP&L Officers Section above, incorporated herein by reference. Bill F. Cossar 57 Vice President - Governmental 1987-Present Affairs of MP&L Johnny D. Ervin 46 Vice President - Customer Service 1991-Present of MP&L Vice President - Division Manager 1989-1991 of LP&L Vice President - Marketing of LP&L 1988-1991 and NOPSI Director of Entergy Enterprises 1991-1992 Richard J. Landy 50 See the information under the AP&L Officers Section above, incorporated herein by reference. William J. Regan, Jr. 49 See the information under the Entergy Corporation Officers Section above, incorporated herein by reference. Louis E. Buck, Jr. 47 See the information under the Entergy Corporation Officers Section above, incorporated herein by reference. NEW ORLEANS PUBLIC SERVICE INC. Directors John J. Cordaro 62 See the information under the LP&L Directors Section above, incorporated herein by reference. Jerry D. Jackson 51 See the information under the Entergy Corporation Officers Section above, incorporated herein by reference. Edwin Lupberger 59 See the information under the Entergy Corporation Officers Section above, incorporated herein by reference. Jerry L. Maulden 59 See the information under the Entergy Corporation Officers Section above, incorporated herein by reference. Gerald D. McInvale 52 See the information under the Entergy Corporation Officers Section above, incorporated herein by reference. Officers Edwin Lupberger 59 See the information under the Entergy Corporation Officers Section above, incorporated herein by reference. Jerry L. Maulden 59 See the information under the Entergy Corporation Officers Section above, incorporated herein by reference. John J. Cordaro 62 See the information under the LP&L Directors Section above, incorporated herein by reference. Michael B. Bemis 48 See the information under the AP&L Directors Section above, incorporated herein by reference. Jerry D. Jackson 51 See the information under the Entergy Corporation Officers Section above, incorporated herein by reference. Frank F. Gallaher 50 See the information under the AP&L Officers Section above, incorporated herein by reference. Gerald D. McInvale 52 See the information under the Entergy Corporation Officers Section above, incorporated herein by reference. Michael G. Thompson 55 See the information under the Entergy Corporation Officers Section above, incorporated herein by reference. Michael R. Niggli 46 See the information under the AP&L Officers Section above, incorporated herein by reference. Richard C. Guthrie 53 See the information under the LP&L Officers Section above, incorporated herein by reference. Daniel F. Packer 48 Vice President - Regulatory and 1994-Present Governmental Affairs of NOPSI General Manager - Plant Operations 1991-1994 at Waterford 3 Manager - Operations and 1990-1991 Maintenance at Waterford 3 Richard J. Landy 50 See the information under the AP&L Officers Section above, incorporated herein by reference. James D. Bruno 56 See the information under the LP&L Officers Section above, incorporated herein by reference. William J. Regan, Jr. 49 See the information under the Entergy Corporation Officers Section above, incorporated herein by reference. Louis E. Buck, Jr. 47 See the information under the Entergy Corporation Officers Section above, incorporated herein by reference. SYSTEM ENERGY RESOURCES, INC. Directors Donald C. Hintz 53 See the information under the Entergy Corporation Officers Section above, incorporated herein by reference. Edwin Lupberger 59 See the information under the Entergy Corporation Officers Section above, incorporated herein by reference. Jerry L. Maulden 59 See the information under the Entergy Corporation Officers Section above, incorporated herein by reference. Gerald D. McInvale 52 See the information under the Entergy Corporation Officers Section above, incorporated herein by reference. Officers Edwin Lupberger 59 See the information under the Entergy Corporation Officers Section above, incorporated herein by reference. Donald C. Hintz 53 See the information under the Entergy Corporation Officers Section above, incorporated herein by reference. Gerald D. McInvale 52 See the information under the Entergy Corporation Officers Section above, incorporated herein by reference. William J. Regan, Jr. 49 See the information under the Entergy Corporation Officers Section above, incorporated herein by reference. Louis E. Buck, Jr. 47 See the information under the Entergy Corporation Officers Section above, incorporated herein by reference. Joseph L. Blount 49 Secretary of System Energy and 1991-Present Entergy Operations Vice President Legal and External 1990-1993 Affairs of Entergy Operations Assistant Secretary for System 1987-1991 Energy Assistant Secretary for Entergy 1990-1991 Operations
(a) Mr. Lupberger is a director of First Commerce Corporation, New Orleans, LA, International Shipholding Corporation, New Orleans, LA, and First National Bank of Commerce, New Orleans, LA. (b) Mr. Bemis is a director of Deposit Guaranty National Bank, Jackson, MS and Deposit Guaranty Corporation, Jackson, MS. (c) Mr. Meiners is a director of Trustmark National Bank, Jackson, MS, and Trustmark Corporation, Jackson, MS. Each director and officer of the applicable System company is elected yearly to serve until the first Board Meeting following the Annual Meeting of Stockholders or until a successor is elected and qualified. Annual meetings are currently expected to be held as follows: Entergy Corporation - May 17, 1996 AP&L - May 13, 1996 GSU - May 13, 1996 LP&L - May 13, 1996 MP&L - May 13, 1996 NOPSI - May 13, 1996 System Energy - May 13, 1996 Directorships shown above are generally limited to entities subject to Section 12 or 15(d) of the Securities and Exchange Act of 1934 or to the Investment Company Act of 1940. Section 16(a) of the Exchange Act and Section 17(a) of the Public Utility Holding Company Act of 1935, as amended, require the Corporation's officers, directors and persons who own more than 10% of a registered class of the Corporation's equity securities to file reports of ownership and changes in ownership concerning the securities of the Corporation and its subsidiaries with the SEC and to furnish the Corporation with copies of all Section 16(a) and 17(a) forms they file. Terry L. Ogletree, an officer of Entergy Enterprises, Inc., filed a Form 3 in March of 1995, which inadvertently failed to report ownership of 5,000 restricted shares of the Corporation's stock. This has now been correctly reported. Item 11. Executive Compensation ENTERGY CORPORATION Information called for by this item concerning the directors and officers of Entergy Corporation and the Personnel Committee of Entergy Corporation's Board of Directors is set forth under the headings "Executive Compensation" and "Personnel Committee Interlocks and Insider Participation" contained in the Proxy Statement of Entergy Corporation to be filed in connection with its Annual Meeting of Stockholders to be held on May 17, 1996, which information is incorporated herein by reference. AP&L, GSU, LP&L, MP&L, NOPSI, AND SYSTEM ENERGY Summary Compensation Table The following table includes the Chief Executive Officers and the four other most highly compensated executive officers in office as of December 31, 1995 at AP&L, GSU, LP&L, MP&L, NOPSI, and System Energy. This determination was based on total annual base salary and bonuses (including bonuses of an extraordinary and nonrecurring nature) from all System sources earned by each officer during the year 1995. See Item 10, "Directors and Executive Officers of the Registrants," incorporated herein by reference, for information on the principal positions of the executive officers named in the table below. AP&L, GSU, LP&L, MP&L, NOPSI, and System Energy As shown in Item 10, most executive officers named below are employed by several System companies. Because it would be impracticable to allocate such officers' salaries among the various companies, the table below includes aggregate compensation paid by all System companies.
Long-Term Compensation Annual Compensation Awards Payouts Other Restricted Securities (b) (c) (a) Annual Stock Underlying LTIP All Other Name Year Salary Bonus Compensation Awards Options Payouts Compensation Michael B. Bemis 1995 $290,000 $216,909 $22,844 (d) 27,500 shares $294,282 $27,607 1994 288,846 76,923 32,940 (d) 2,500 28,275 22,982 1993 258,538 161,142 62,372 (d) 2,500 50,125 74,619 Joseph L. Blount 1995 $119,185 $43,645 $15,842 (d) 0 shares $ 0 $15,705 1994 115,171 17,064 9,339 (d) 0 0 12,416 1993 109,090 0 4,416 (d) 0 0 15,926 Donald C. Hintz* 1995 $325,000 $265,049 $13,394 (d) 30,000 shares $409,414 $23,569 1994 320,769 142,749 52,389 (d) 5,000 48,379 23,056 1993 265,386 166,560 48,548 (d) 5,000 85,774 24,462 Jerry D. Jackson 1995 $325,000 $256,838 $43,054 (d) 30,000 shares $422,438 $24,794 1994 323,711 106,155 29,598 (d) 5,000 56,550 23,370 1993 288,559 217,287 36,166 (d) 6,719 100,250 25,961 Edwin Lupberger** 1995 $700,000 $568,400 $29,624 (d) 60,000 shares $781,337 $33,142 1994 681,539 218,789 39,961 (d) 10,000 139,525 29,457 1993 542,077 437,610 20,327 (d) 13,438 248,313 32,957 Jerry L. Maulden 1995 $435,000 $353,220 $26,248 (d) 30,000 shares $422,438 $28,504 1994 426,134 135,962 63,994 (d) 5,000 56,550 25,690 1993 385,000 286,985 84,655 (d) 5,000 100,250 25,639 Gerald D. McInvale 1995 $255,481 $186,739 $12,525 (d) 27,500 shares $294,282 $21,263 1994 244,165 66,227 14,146 (d) 2,500 28,275 19,581 1993 221,696 141,811 48,805 (d) 2,500 50,125 22,667 William J. Regan, Jr. 1995 $120,577 $54,727 $21,141 (d) 0 $ 0 $14,633
* Chief Executive Officer of System Energy. ** Chief Executive Officer of AP&L, GSU, LP&L, MP&L, and NOPSI. (a) Includes bonuses earned pursuant to the Annual Incentive Plan. (b) Amounts include the value of restricted shares that vested in 1995, 1994, and 1993 (see note (d) below) under Entergy's Equity Ownership Plan. (c) Includes the following: (1) 1995 employer payments for Executive Medical Plan premiums as follows: Mr. Bemis $3,019; Mr. Blount $3,019; Mr. Hintz $3,019; Mr. Jackson $3,019; Mr. Lupberger $3,019; Mr. Maulden $3,019; Mr. McInvale $3,019; Mr. Regan $2,013. (2) 1995 benefit accruals under the Defined Contribution Restoration Plan as follows: Mr. Bemis $4,200; Mr. Hintz $5,250; Mr. Jackson $5,250; Mr. Lupberger $16,500; Mr. Maulden $8,550; Mr. McInvale $3,164. (3) 1995 employer contributions to the System Savings Plan as follows: Mr. Bemis $4,500; Mr. Blount $3,576; Mr. Hintz $4,500; Mr. Jackson $4,500; Mr. Lupberger $4,500; Mr. Maulden $4,500; Mr. McInvale $4,500; Mr. Regan $877. (4) 1995 reimbursements under the Executive Financial Counseling Program as follows: Mr. Bemis $2,625; Mr. Jackson $1,225; Mr. Lupberger $3,100; Mr. Maulden $2,715; Mr. McInvale $680. (5) 1995 payments for personal use under the Private Ownership Vehicle Plan as follows: Mr. Bemis $9,900; Mr. Blount $7,200; Mr. Hintz $10,800; Mr. Jackson $10,800; Mr. Lupberger $6,023; Mr. Maulden $9,720; Mr. McInvale $9,900; Mr. Regan $4,800. (6) 1995 earnings under the Entergy Stock Investment Plan as follows: Mr. Bemis $3,363; Mr. Blount $1,910. (7) 1995 reimbursements for moving expenses paid to Mr. Regan in the amount of $6,943. (d) There were no restricted stock awards in 1995 under the Equity Ownership Plan. At December 31, 1995, the number and value of the aggregate restricted stock holdings were as follows: Mr. Bemis: 4,000 shares, $117,000; Mr. Hintz: 5,429 shares, $158,798; Mr. Jackson: 5,500 shares, $160,875; Mr. Lupberger: 10,900 shares, $318,825; Mr. Maulden: 5,500 shares, $160,875; and Mr. McInvale: 4,000 shares, $117,000. Accumulated dividends are paid on restricted stock when vested. The value of stock for which restrictions were lifted in 1995, and the applicable portion of accumulated cash dividends, are reported in the LTIP Payouts column in the above table. The value of restricted stock awards as of December 31, 1995 are determined by multiplying the total number of shares awarded by the closing market price of Entergy Corporation common stock on the New York Stock Exchange Composite Transactions on December 29, 1995 ($29.25 per share). Option Grants in 1995 The following table summarizes option grants during 1995 to the executive officers named in the Summary Compensation Table above. The absence, in the table below, of any named officer indicates that no options were granted to such officer. AP&L, GSU, LP&L, MP&L, NOPSI, and System Entergy
Individual Grants Potential Realizable % of Total Options Value Number of Granted at Assumed Annual Securities to Exercise Rates of Stock Underlying Employees Price Price Appreciation Options in (per Expiration for Option Term(c) Name Granted 1995 share) Date 5% 10% Michael B. Bemis 2,500 (a) 0.8% $23.375 (a) 1/26/05 $ 36,751 $ 93,134 25,000 (b) 7.9% 20.875 (b) 3/31/05 328,204 831,734 Donald C. Hintz 5,000 (a) 1.6% 23.375 (a) 1/26/05 73,502 186,269 25,000 (b) 7.9% 20.875 (b) 3/31/05 328,204 831,734 Jerry D. Jackson 5,000 (a) 1.6% 23.375 (a) 1/26/05 0 0 25,000 (b) 7.9% 20.875 (b) 3/31/05 328,204 831,734 Edwin Lupberger 10,000 (a) 3.2% 23.375 (a) 1/26/05 147,004 372,537 50,000 (b) 15.9% 20.875 (b) 3/31/05 656,409 1,663,469 Jerry L. Maulden 5,000 (a) 1.6% 23.375 (a) 1/26/05 73,502 186,269 25,000 (b) 7.9% 20.875 (b) 3/31/05 328,204 831,734 Gerald D. McInvale 2,500 (a) 0.8% 23.375 (a) 1/26/05 36,751 93,134 25,000 (b) 7.9% 20.875 (b) 3/31/05 328,204 831,734
(a) Options were granted on January 26, 1995, pursuant to the Equity Ownership Plan. All options granted on this date have an exercise price equal to the closing price of Entergy Corporation common stock on the New York Stock Exchange Composite Transactions on January 26, 1995. These options became exercisable on July 26, 1995. (b) Options were granted on March 31, 1995, pursuant to the Equity Ownership Plan. All options granted on this date have an exercise price equal to the closing price of Entergy Corporation common stock on the New York Stock Exchange Composite Transactions on March 31, 1995. These options will become exercisable on March 31, 1998. (c) Calculation based on the market price of the underlying securities over a ten-year period assuming annual compounding. The column presents estimates of potential values based on simple mathematical assumptions. The actual value, if any, an executive officer may realize is dependent upon the market price on the date of option exercise. Aggregated Option Exercises in 1995 and December 31, 1995 Option Values The following table summarizes the number and value of options exercised during 1995, as well as the number and value of unexercised options, as of December 31, 1995, held by the executive officers named in the Summary Compensation Table above.
Number of Securities Underlying Value of Unexercised Unexercised Options In-the-Money Options Shares Acquired Value as of December 31, 1995 as of December 31, 1995(b) Name on Exercise Realized(a) Exercisable Unexercisable Exercisable Unexercisable Michael B. Bemis 0 $ 0 10,000 25,000 58,750 $209,375 Donald C. Hintz 0 0 17,500 25,000 29,375 209,375 Jerry D. Jackson 5,000 21,817 14,411 25,000 0 209,375 Edwin Lupberger 0 0 38,824 50,000 58,750 418,750 Jerry L. Maulden 0 0 20,000 25,000 29,375 209,375 Gerald D. McInvale 0 0 10,000 25,000 14,688 209,375
(a) Based on the difference between the closing price of the Corporation's Common Stock on the New York Stock Exchange Composite Transactions on the exercise date of November 17, 1995, and the option exercise price. (b) Based on the difference between the closing price of the Corporation's Common Stock on the New York Stock Exchange Composite Transactions on December 29, 1995, and the option exercise price. Pension Plan Tables AP&L, GSU, LP&L, MP&L, NOPSI, and System Energy Retirement Income Plan Table Annual Covered Years of Service Compensation 15 20 25 30 35 $100,000 $22,500 $30,000 $37,500 $45,000 $ 52,000 200,000 45,500 60,000 75,000 90,000 105,000 300,000 67,500 90,000 112,500 135,000 157,500 400,000 90,000 120,000 150,000 180,000 210,000 500,000 112,500 150,000 187,500 225,000 262,500 850,000 191,250 255,000 318,750 382,500 446,250 All of the named officers of AP&L, GSU, LP&L, MP&L, NOPSI and System Energy participate in a Retirement Income Plan (a defined benefit plan) that provides a benefit for employees at retirement from the System based upon (1) generally all years of service beginning at age 21 through termination, with a forty-year maximum, multiplied by (2) 1.5%, multiplied by (3) the final average compensation. Final average compensation is based on the highest consecutive 60 months of covered compensation in the last 120 months of service. The normal form of benefit for a single employee is a lifetime annuity and for a married employee is a 50% joint and survivor annuity. Other actuarially equivalent options are available to each retiree. Retirement benefits are not subject to any deduction for Social Security or other offset amounts. The amount of the named executive officers' annual compensation covered by the plan as of December 31, 1995, is represented by the salary column in the Summary Compensation Table above. The maximum benefit under each Retirement Income Plan is limited by Sections 401 and 415 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended; however, AP&L, GSU, LP&L, MP&L, NOPSI, and System Energy have elected to participate in the Pension Equalization Plan sponsored by Entergy Corporation. Under this plan, certain executives, including the named executive officers, would receive an amount equal to the benefit payable under the Retirement Income Plans, without regard to the limitations, less the amount actually payable under the Retirement Income Plans. Effective January 1, 1995, the System Companies Retirement Income Plans were amended to transfer assets and related liabilities to a single Entergy Corporation Retirement Plan for all non- bargaining unit employees. Each Retirement Income Plan (except GSU) was amended effective February 1, 1991, to provide a minimum accrued benefit as of that date to any employee who was vested as of that date. For purposes of calculating such minimum accrued benefit, each eligible employee was deemed to have had an additional five years of service and age as of that date. The additional years of age did not count toward eligibility for early retirement, but served only to reduce the early retirement discount factor for those employees who were at least age 50 as of that date. The credited years of service under the Retirement Income Plan (without giving effect to the five additional years of service credited pursuant to the February 1, 1991 amendment as discussed above) as of December 31, 1995, for the following executive officers named in the Summary Compensation Table above were: Mr. Bemis 13; Mr. Blount 11; and Mr. Maulden 30. The credited years of service under the respective Retirement Income Plan, as amended, as of December 31, 1995 for the following executive officers named in the Summary Compensation Table, as a result of entering into supplemental retirement agreements, were as follows: Mr. Hintz 24; Mr. Jackson 16; Mr. Lupberger 32; and Mr. McInvale 23. In addition to the Retirement Income Plan discussed above, AP&L, LP&L, MP&L, NOPSI, and System Energy participate in the Supplemental Retirement Plan of Entergy Corporation and Subsidiaries (SRP) and the Post-Retirement Plan of Entergy Corporation and Subsidiaries (PRP). Participation is limited to one of these two plans and is at the invitation of AP&L, LP&L, MP&L, NOPSI, and System Energy. The participant may receive from the appropriate System company a monthly benefit payment not in excess of .025 (under the SRP) or .0333 (under the PRP) times the participant's average basic annual salary (as defined in the plans) for a maximum of 120 months. Mr. Hintz has entered into a SRP participation contract, and all of the other executive officers of AP&L, LP&L, MP&L, NOPSI, and System Energy named in the Summary Compensation Table (except for Mr. Blount, Mr. McInvale and Mr. Regan) have entered into PRP participation contracts. Current estimates indicate that the annual payments to a named executive officer under the above plans would be less than the payments to that officer under the System Executive Retirement Plan. System Executive Retirement Plan Table (1) Annual Covered Years of Service Compensation 15 20 25 30+ $ 200,000 $ 90,000 $100,000 $110,000 $120,000 300,000 135,000 150,000 165,000 180,000 400,000 180,000 200,000 220,000 240,000 500,000 225,000 250,000 275,000 300,000 600,000 270,000 300,000 330,000 360,000 700,000 315,000 350,000 385,000 420,000 1,000,000 450,000 500,000 550,000 600,000 ___________ (1)Benefits shown are based on a target replacement ratio of 50% based on the years of service and covered compensation shown. The benefits for 10, 15, and 20 or more years of service at the 45% and 55% replacement levels would decrease (in the case of 45%) or increase (in the case of 55%) by the following percentages: 3.0%, 4.5%, and 5.0%, respectively. In 1993, Entergy Corporation adopted the System Executive Retirement Plan (SERP). AP&L, GSU, LP&L, MP&L, NOPSI, and System Energy are participating employers in the SERP. The SERP is an unfunded defined benefit plan offered at retirement to certain senior executives, which would currently include all the executive officers (except Mr. Blount) named in the Summary Compensation Table above. Participating executives choose, at retirement, between the retirement benefits paid under provisions of the SERP or those payable under the executive retirement benefit plans discussed above. Covered pay under the SERP includes final annual base salary (see the Summary Compensation Table above, for the base salary covered by the SERP as of December 31, 1995) plus the Target Incentive Award (i.e., a percentage of final annual base salary) for the participant in effect at retirement. Benefits paid under the SERP are calculated by multiplying the covered pay times target pay replacement ratios (45%, 50%, or 55%, dependent on job rating at retirement) that are attained, according to plan design, at 20 years of credited service. The target ratios are increased by 1% for each year of service over 20 years, up to a maximum of 30 years of service. In accordance with the SERP formula, the target ratios are reduced for each year of service below 20 years. The credited years of service under this plan are identical to the years of service for named executive officers (other than Mr. Bemis, Mr. Jackson, and Mr. McInvale) disclosed above in the "Pension Plan Tables-Retirement Income Plan Table" section. Mr. Bemis, Mr. Jackson, and Mr. McInvale have 23 years, 22 years, and 14 years, respectively, of credited service under this plan. The normal form of benefit for a single employee is a lifetime annuity and for a married employee is a 50% joint and survivor annuity. All SERP payments are guaranteed for ten years. Other actuarially equivalent options are available to each retiree. SERP benefits are offset by any and all defined benefit plan payments from the System and from prior employers. SERP benefits are not subject to Social Security offsets. Eligibility for and receipt of benefits under any of the executive plans described above are contingent upon several factors. The participant must agree that, without the specific consent of the System company for which such participant was last employed, he may take no employment after retirement with any entity that is in competition with, or similar in nature to, AP&L, GSU, LP&L, MP&L, NOPSI, and System Energy or any affiliate thereof. Eligibility for benefits is forfeitable for various reasons, including violation of an agreement with AP&L, GSU, LP&L, MP&L, NOPSI, and System Energy, resignation of employment, or termination for cause. In addition to the non-bargaining unit employees Retirement Income Plan discussed above, GSU provides, among other benefits to officers, an Executive Income Security Plan for key managerial personnel. The plan provides participants with certain retirement, disability, termination, and survivors' benefits. To the extent that such benefits are not funded by the employee benefit plans of GSU or by vested benefits payable by the participants' former employers, GSU is obligated to make supplemental payments to participants or their survivors. The plan provides that upon the death or disability of a participant during his employment, he or his designated survivors will receive (i) during the first year following his death or disability an amount not to exceed his annual base salary, and (ii) thereafter for a number of years until the participant attains or would have attained age 65, but not less than nine years, an amount equal to one-half of the participant's annual base salary. The plan also provides supplemental retirement benefits for life for participants retiring after reaching age 65 equal to 1/2 of the participant's average final compensation rate, with 1/2 of such benefit upon the death of the participant being payable to a surviving spouse for life. GSU amended and restated the plan effective March 1, 1991, to provide such benefits for life upon termination of employment of a participating officer or key managerial employee without cause (as defined in the plan) or if the participant separates from employment for good reason (as defined in the plan), with 1/2 of such benefits to be payable to a surviving spouse for life. Further, the plan was amended to provide medical benefits for a participant and his family when the participant separates from service. These medical benefits generally continue until the participant is eligible to receive medical benefits from a subsequent employer; but in the case of a participant who is over 50 at the time of separation and was participating in the plan on March 1, 1991, medical benefits continue for life. By virtue of the 1991 amendment and restatement, benefits for a participant under such plan cannot be modified once he becomes eligible to participate in the plan. Compensation of Directors AP&L, GSU, LP&L, MP&L, NOPSI, and System Energy currently have no non-employee directors, and none of the current directors is compensated for his responsibilities as director. Retired non-employee directors of AP&L, LP&L, MP&L, and NOPSI with a minimum of five years of service on the respective Boards of Directors are paid $200 a month for a term of years corresponding to the number of years of active service as directors. Retired non- employee directors with over ten years of service receive a lifetime benefit of $200 a month. Years of service as an advisory director are included in calculating this benefit. System Energy has no retired non-employee directors. Retired non-employee directors of GSU receive retirement benefits under a plan in which all directors who served continuously for a period of years will receive a percentage of their retainer fee in effect at the time of their retirement for life. The retirement benefit is 30 percent of the retainer fee for service of not less than five nor more than nine years, 40 percent for service of not less than ten nor more than fourteen years, and 50 percent for fifteen or more years of service. For those directors who retired prior to the retirement age, their benefits will be reduced. The plan also provides disability retirement and optional hospital and medical coverage if the director has served at least five years prior to the disability. The retired director pays one-third of the premium for such optional hospital and medical coverage and GSU pays the remaining two-thirds. Years of service as an advisory director are included in calculating these benefits. Employment Contracts and Termination of Employment and Change-in- Control Arrangements GSU On January 18, 1991, GSU established an Executive Continuity Plan for elected and appointed officers providing for severance benefits equal to 2.99 times the officer's annual compensation upon termination of employment for reasons other than cause or upon a resignation of employment for good reason within two years after a change in control of GSU. Benefits are prorated if the officer is within three years of normal retirement age (65) at termination of employment. The plan further provides for continued participation in medical, dental, and life insurance programs for three years following termination unless such benefits are available from a subsequent employer. The plan provides for outplacement assistance to aid a terminated officer in securing another position. Upon consummation of the Merger on December 31, 1993, GSU made a one time contribution of $16,330,693 to a trust equivalent to the then present value of the maximum benefits which might be payable under the plan. As of December 31, 1995, the balance in the trust had been reduced to $7,678,628. If and to the extent outstanding benefits are not paid to the participants, the balance in the trust will be returned to GSU. As a result of the Merger, GSU is obligated to pay benefits under the Executive Income Security Plan to those persons who were participants at the time of the Merger and who later terminated their employment under circumstances described in the plan. For additional description of the benefits under the Executive Income Security Plan, see the "Pension Plan Tables-System Executive Retirement Plan Table" section noted above. Personnel Committee Interlocks and Insider Participation The compensation of AP&L, GSU, LP&L, MP&L, NOPSI, and System Energy executive officers was set by the Personnel Committee of Entergy Corporation's Board of Directors for 1995. No officers or employees of such companies participated in deliberations concerning compensation during 1995. The Personnel Committee of Entergy Corporation's Board of Directors is set forth under the heading "Report of Personnel Committee on Executive Compensation" contained in the Proxy Statement of Entergy Corporation to be filed in connection with its Annual Meeting of Stockholders to be held May 17, 1996, and is incorporated herein by reference. Item 12. Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management Entergy Corporation owns 100% of the outstanding common stock of registrants AP&L, GSU, LP&L, MP&L, NOPSI, and System Energy. The information with respect to persons known by Entergy Corporation to be beneficial owners of more than 5% of Entergy Corporation's common stock is included under the heading "Voting Securities Outstanding" in the Proxy Statement of Entergy Corporation to be filed in connection with its Annual Meeting of Stockholders to be held May 17, 1996, which information is incorporated herein by reference. The registrants know of no contractual arrangements that may, at a subsequent date, result in a change in control of any of the registrants. The directors, the executive officers named in the Summary Compensation Table above, and the directors and officers as a group for Entergy Corporation, AP&L, GSU, LP&L, MP&L, NOPSI, and System Energy, respectively, beneficially owned directly or indirectly the cumulative preferred stock of an Operating Company and common stock of Entergy Corporation as indicated:
As of December 31, 1995 Entergy Corporation Common Stock Preferred Stock(a) Amount and Nature Amount and Nature of of Beneficial Beneficial Ownership(b) Ownership(b) Sole Sole Voting Voting Other and Other and Beneficial Investment Beneficial Investment Ownership Name Power(c) Ownership Power(c) (d)(e)(f)(g) Entergy Corporation W. Frank Blount* - - 3,734 - John A. Cooper, Jr.* 6,000 (a) - 6,334 - Lucie J. Fjeldstad* - - 2,684 - Dr. Norman C. Francis* - - 1,000 - Donald C. Hintz** - - 40,451 50,151 Kaneaster Hodges, Jr.* - - 3,517 - Jerry D. Jackson** - - 40,290 48,148 Robert v.d. Luft* - - 2,984 - Edwin Lupberger*** - - 83,552 111,381 (h)(i) Jerry L. Maulden** - - 77,924 61,816 Gerald D. McInvale** - - 37,005 39,920 Adm. Kinnaird R. McKee* - - 2,167 - Paul W. Murrill* - - 2,754 - James R. Nichols* - - 4,179 - Eugene H. Owen* - 3,500 (a) 2,392 - John N. Palmer, Sr.* - - 15,000 - Robert D. Pugh* - - 6,000 10,000 (i) H. Duke Shackelford* - - 8,750 3,950 (i) Wm. Clifford Smith* - - 4,670 - Bismark A. Steinhagen* - - 7,037 - All directors and executive officers 6,000 3,500 371,483 371,631 AP&L Michael B. Bemis** - - 38,793 44,907 Donald C. Hintz** - - 40,451 50,151 Jerry D. Jackson** - - 40,290 48,148 R. Drake Keith*** - - 7,535 12,570 Edwin Lupberger** - - 83,552 111,381 (h)(i) Jerry L. Maulden** - - 77,924 61,816 All directors and executive officers - - 416,735 495,796 GSU Michael B. Bemis** - - 38,793 44,907 Frank F. Gallaher*** - - 37,958 42,616 Donald C. Hintz** - - 40,451 50,151 Jerry D. Jackson** - - 40,290 48,148 Edwin Lupberger** - - 83,552 111,381 (h)(i) Jerry L. Maulden** - - 77,924 61,816 All directors and executive officers - - 403,151 474,665 LP&L Michael B. Bemis** - - 38,793 44,907 John J. Cordaro*** - - 3,669 11,785 Donald C. Hintz** - - 40,451 50,151 Jerry D. Jackson** - - 40,290 48,148 Edwin Lupberger** - - 83,552 111,381 (h)(i) Jerry L. Maulden** - - 77,924 61,816 All directors and executive officers - - 406,074 494,161 MP&L Michael B. Bemis** - - 38,793 44,907 Donald C. Hintz** - - 40,451 50,151 Jerry D. Jackson** - - 40,290 48,148 Edwin Lupberger** - - 83,552 111,381 (h)(i) Jerry L. Maulden** - - 77,924 61,816 Gerald D. McInvale** - - 37,005 39,920 Donald E. Meiners*** - - 3,328 16,546 (j) All directors and executive officers - - 406,640 493,105 NOPSI Michael B. Bemis** - - 38,793 44,907 John J. Cordaro*** - - 3,669 11,785 William D. Hamilton* - - - 2,208 Jerry D. Jackson** - - 40,290 48,148 Edwin Lupberger** - - 83,552 111,381 (h)(i) Jerry L. Maulden** - - 77,924 61,816 Gerald D. McInvale** - - 37,005 39,920 All directors and executive officers - - 366,834 438,088 System Energy Joseph L. Blount** - - - 2,619 Donald C. Hintz*** - - 40,451 50,151 Jerry D. Jackson* - - 40,290 48,148 Edwin Lupberger** - - 83,552 111,381 (h)(i) Jerry L. Maulden* - - 77,924 61,816 Gerald D. McInvale** - - 37,005 39,920 William J. Regan - - - 15 All directors and executive officers - - 279,222 319,114
* Director of the respective Company ** Named Executive Officer of the respective Company *** Officer and Director of the respective Company (a) Stock ownership amounts refer to 6,000 shares of AP&L's $0.01 Par Value ($25 liquidation value) Preferred Stock held by the John A. Cooper Trust, and 3,500 shares of AP&L's $0.01 Par Value ($25 liquidation value) Preferred Stock held by Eugene H. Owen. Mr. Cooper disclaims any personal interest in these shares. (b) Based on information furnished by the respective individuals. The ownership amounts shown for each individual and for all directors and executive officers as a group do not exceed one percent of the outstanding securities of any class of security so owned. (c) Includes all shares as to which the individual has the sole voting power and powers of disposition, or power to direct the voting and disposition. (d) Includes, for the named persons, shares of Entergy Corporation common stock held in the Employee Stock Ownership Plan of the registrants as follows: Michael B. Bemis, 767 shares; Joseph L. Blount, 810 shares; John J. Cordaro, 1,082 shares; Frank F. Gallaher, 1,011 shares; William D. Hamilton, 617 shares; Donald C. Hintz, 810 shares; Jerry D. Jackson, 810 shares; R. Drake Keith, 810 shares; Edwin Lupberger, 886 shares; Jerry L. Maulden, 856 shares; Gerald D. McInvale, 118 shares; and Donald E. Meiners, 594 shares. (e) Includes, for the named persons, shares of Entergy Corporation common stock held in the System Savings Plan company account as follows: Michael B. Bemis, 5,140 shares; Joseph L. Blount, 1,809 shares; John J. Cordaro, 2,003 shares; Frank F. Gallaher, 3,930 shares; William D. Hamilton, 1,591 shares; Donald C. Hintz, 1,412 shares; Jerry D. Jackson, 2,427 shares; R. Drake Keith, 4,336 shares; Edwin Lupberger, 6,771 shares; Jerry L. Maulden, 10,460 shares; Gerald D. McInvale, 802 shares; Donald E. Meiners, 4,950 shares; William J. Regan, 15 shares. (f) Includes, for the named persons, unvested restricted shares of Entergy Corporation common stock held in the Equity Ownership Plan as follows: Michael B. Bemis, 4,000 shares; John J. Cordaro, 1,200 shares; Frank F. Gallaher, 5,175 shares; Donald C. Hintz, 5,429 shares; Jerry D. Jackson, 5,500 shares; R. Drake Keith, 250 shares; Edwin Lupberger, 10,900 shares; Jerry L. Maulden, 5,500 shares; Gerald D. McInvale, 4,000 shares; and Donald E. Meiners, 250 shares. (g) Includes, for the named persons, shares of Entergy Corporation common stock in the form of unexercised stock options awarded pursuant to the Equity Ownership Plan as follows: Michael B. Bemis, 35,000 shares; John J. Cordaro 7,500 shares; Frank F. Gallaher, 32,500 shares; Donald C. Hintz, 42,500 shares; Jerry D. Jackson, 39,411 shares; R. Drake Keith, 7,174 shares; Edwin Lupberger, 88,824 shares; Jerry L. Maulden, 45,000 shares; Gerald D. McInvale, 35,000 shares; and Donald E. Meiners, 10,000 shares. (h) Includes 1,500 shares of Entergy Corporation common stock held jointly between Edwin Lupberger and Ms. E. H. Lupberger. (i) Includes, for the named persons, shares of Entergy Corporation common stock held by their spouses. The named persons disclaim any personal interest in these shares as follows: Edwin Lupberger, 2,500 shares; Robert D. Pugh, 10,000 shares; and H. Duke Shackelford, 3,950 shares. (j) Includes 752 shares of Entergy Corporation common stock held jointly with spouse. Item 13. Certain Relationships and Related Transactions Information called for by this item concerning the directors and officers of Entergy Corporation is set forth under the heading "Certain Transactions" in the Proxy Statement of Entergy Corporation to be filed in connection with its Annual Meeting of Stockholders to be held on May 17, 1996, which information is incorporated herein by reference. See Item 10, "Directors and Executive Officers of the Registrants," for information on certain relationships and transactions required to be reported under this item. Other than as provided under applicable corporate laws, the System companies do not have policies whereby transactions involving executive officers and directors of the System are approved by a majority of disinterested directors. However, pursuant to the Entergy Corporation Code of Conduct, transactions involving a System company and its executive officers must have prior approval by the next higher reporting level of that individual, and transactions involving a System company and its directors must be reported to the secretary of the appropriate System company. PART IV Item 14. Exhibits, Financial Statement Schedules, and Reports on Form 8-K. (a)1. Financial Statements and Independent Auditors' Reports for Entergy, AP&L, GSU, LP&L, MP&L, NOPSI, and System Energy are listed in the Index to Financial Statements (see pages 42 and 43) (a)2. Financial Statement Schedules Reports of Independent Accountants on Financial Statement Schedules (see pages 218 and 219) Financial Statement Schedules are listed in the Index to Financial Statement Schedules (see page S-1) (a)3. Exhibits Exhibits for Entergy, AP&L, GSU, LP&L, MP&L, NOPSI, and System Energy are listed in the Exhibit Index (see page E-1). Each management contract or compensatory plan or arrangement required to be filed as an exhibit hereto is identified as such by footnote in the Exhibit Index. (b) Reports on Form 8-K Entergy and NOPSI A current report on Form 8-K, dated April 20, 1995, was filed with the SEC on April 26, 1995, reporting information under Item 5. "Other Events". Entergy and GSU A current report on Form 8-K, dated July 26, 1995, was filed with the SEC on July 26, 1995, reporting information under Item 5. "Other Events". A current report on Form 8-K, dated October 25, 1995, was filed with the SEC on October 25, 1995, reporting information under Item 5. "Other Events". EXPERTS The statements attributed to Clark, Thomas & Winters, a professional corporation, as to legal conclusions with respect to GSU's rate regulation in Texas under Item 1. "Rate Matters and Regulation - Rate Matters - Retail Rate Matters - GSU" and in Note 2 to Entergy Corporation and Subsidiaries Consolidated Financial Statements and GSU's Financial Statements, "Rate and Regulatory Matters," have been reviewed by such firm and are included herein upon the authority of such firm as experts. The statements attributed to Sandlin Associates regarding the analysis of River Bend Construction costs of GSU under Item 1. "Rate Matters and Regulation - Rate Matters - Retail Rate Matters - GSU" and in Note 2 to Entergy Corporation and Subsidiaries Consolidated Financial Statements and GSU's Financial Statements, "Rate and Regulatory Matters," have been reviewed by such firm and are included herein upon the authority of such firm as experts. ENTERGY CORPORATION SIGNATURES Pursuant to the requirements of Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, thereunto duly authorized. The signature of the undersigned company shall be deemed to relate only to matters having reference to such company and any subsidiaries thereof. ENTERGY CORPORATION By /s/ Louis E. Buck, Jr. Louis E. Buck, Jr., Vice President and Chief Accounting Officer Date: March 11, 1996 Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, this report has been signed below by the following persons on behalf of the registrant and in the capacities and on the dates indicated. The signature of each of the undersigned shall be deemed to relate only to matters having reference to the above-named company and any subsidiaries thereof. Signature Title Date /s/ Louis E. Buck, Jr. Louis E. Buck, Jr. Vice President and March 11, 1996 Chief Accounting Officer (Principal Accounting Officer) Edwin Lupberger (Chairman of the Board, Chief Executive Officer and Director; Principal Executive Officer); Gerald D. McInvale (Executive Vice President and Chief Financial Officer; Principal Financial Officer); W. Frank Blount, John A. Cooper, Jr., Lucie J. Fjeldstad, N. C. Francis, Kaneaster Hodges, Jr., Robert v.d. Luft, Kinnaird R. McKee, Paul W. Murrill, James R. Nichols, Eugene H. Owen, John N. Palmer, Sr., Robert D. Pugh, H. Duke Shackelford, Wm. Clifford Smith, and Bismark A. Steinhagen (Directors). By: /s/ Louis E. Buck, Jr. March 11, 1996 (Louis E. Buck, Jr., Attorney-in-fact) ARKANSAS POWER & LIGHT COMPANY SIGNATURES Pursuant to the requirements of Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, thereunto duly authorized. The signature of the undersigned company shall be deemed to relate only to matters having reference to such company and any subsidiaries thereof. ARKANSAS POWER & LIGHT COMPANY By /s/ Louis E. Buck, Jr. Louis E. Buck, Jr., Vice President, Chief Accounting Officer and Assistant Secretary Date: March 11, 1996 Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, this report has been signed below by the following persons on behalf of the registrant and in the capacities and on the dates indicated. The signature of each of the undersigned shall be deemed to relate only to matters having reference to the above-named company and any subsidiaries thereof. Signature Title Date /s/ Louis E. Buck, Jr. Louis E. Buck, Jr. Vice President, Chief Accounting March 11, 1996 Officer and Assistant Secretary (Principal Accounting Officer) Edwin Lupberger (Chairman of the Board, Chief Executive Officer and Director; Principal Executive Officer); Gerald D. McInvale (Executive Vice President, Chief Financial Officer, and Director; Principal Financial Officer); Michael B. Bemis, Donald C. Hintz, Jerry D. Jackson, R. Drake Keith, and Jerry L. Maulden (Directors). By: /s/ Louis E. Buck, Jr. March 11, 1996 (Louis E. Buck, Jr., Attorney-in-fact) GULF STATES UTILITIES COMPANY SIGNATURES Pursuant to the requirements of Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, thereunto duly authorized. The signature of the undersigned company shall be deemed to relate only to matters having reference to such company and any subsidiaries thereof. GULF STATES UTILITIES COMPANY By /s/ Louis E. Buck, Jr. Louis E. Buck, Jr., Vice President, Chief Accounting Officer and Assistant Secretary Date: March 11, 1996 Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, this report has been signed below by the following persons on behalf of the registrant and in the capacities and on the dates indicated. The signature of each of the undersigned shall be deemed to relate only to matters having reference to the above-named company and any subsidiaries thereof. Signature Title Date /s/ Louis E. Buck, Jr. Louis E. Buck, Jr. Vice President, Chief Accounting March 11, 1996 Officer and Assistant Secretary (Principal Accounting Officer) Edwin Lupberger (Chairman of the Board, Chief Executive Officer and Director; Principal Executive Officer); Gerald D. McInvale (Executive Vice President, Chief Financial Officer, and Director; Principal Financial Officer); Michael B. Bemis, Frank F. Gallaher, Donald C. Hintz, Jerry D. Jackson, and Jerry L. Maulden (Directors). By: /s/ Louis E. Buck, Jr. March 11, 1996 (Louis E. Buck, Jr., Attorney-in-fact) LOUISIANA POWER & LIGHT COMPANY SIGNATURES Pursuant to the requirements of Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, thereunto duly authorized. The signature of the undersigned company shall be deemed to relate only to matters having reference to such company and any subsidiaries thereof. LOUISIANA POWER & LIGHT COMPANY By /s/ Louis E. Buck, Jr. Louis E. Buck, Jr., Vice President, Chief Accounting Officer and Assistant Secretary Date: March 11, 1996 Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, this report has been signed below by the following persons on behalf of the registrant and in the capacities and on the dates indicated. The signature of each of the undersigned shall be deemed to relate only to matters having reference to the above-named company and any subsidiaries thereof. Signature Title Date /s/ Louis E. Buck, Jr. Louis E. Buck, Jr. Vice President, Chief Accounting March 11, 1996 Officer and Assistant Secretary (Principal Accounting Officer) Edwin Lupberger (Chairman of the Board, Chief Executive Officer and Director; Principal Executive Officer); Gerald D. McInvale (Executive Vice President, Chief Financial Officer, and Director; Principal Financial Officer); Michael B. Bemis, John J. Cordaro, Donald C. Hintz, Jerry D. Jackson, and Jerry L. Maulden (Directors). By: /s/ Louis E. Buck, Jr. March 11, 1996 (Louis E. Buck, Jr., Attorney-in-fact) MISSISSIPPI POWER & LIGHT COMPANY SIGNATURES Pursuant to the requirements of Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, thereunto duly authorized. The signature of the undersigned company shall be deemed to relate only to matters having reference to such company and any subsidiaries thereof. MISSISSIPPI POWER & LIGHT COMPANY By /s/ Louis E. Buck, Jr. Louis E. Buck, Jr., Vice President, Chief Accounting Officer and Assistant Secretary Date: March 11, 1996 Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, this report has been signed below by the following persons on behalf of the registrant and in the capacities and on the dates indicated. The signature of each of the undersigned shall be deemed to relate only to matters having reference to the above-named company and any subsidiaries thereof. Signature Title Date /s/ Louis E. Buck, Jr. Louis E. Buck, Jr. Vice President, Chief Accounting March 11, 1996 Officer and Assistant Secretary (Principal Accounting Officer) Edwin Lupberger (Chairman of the Board, Chief Executive Officer and Director; Principal Executive Officer); Gerald D. McInvale (Executive Vice President, Chief Financial Officer, and Director; Principal Financial Officer); Michael B. Bemis, Donald C. Hintz, Jerry D. Jackson, Jerry L. Maulden, and Donald E. Meiners (Directors). By: /s/ Louis E. Buck, Jr. March 11, 1996 (Louis E. Buck, Jr., Attorney-in-fact) NEW ORLEANS PUBLIC SERVICE INC. SIGNATURES Pursuant to the requirements of Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, thereunto duly authorized. The signature of the undersigned company shall be deemed to relate only to matters having reference to such company and any subsidiaries thereof. NEW ORLEANS PUBLIC SERVICE INC. By /s/ Louis E. Buck, Jr. Louis E. Buck, Jr., Vice President, Chief Accounting Officer and Assistant Secretary Date: March 11, 1996 Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, this report has been signed below by the following persons on behalf of the registrant and in the capacities and on the dates indicated. The signature of each of the undersigned shall be deemed to relate only to matters having reference to the above-named company and any subsidiaries thereof. Signature Title Date /s/ Louis E. Buck, Jr. Louis E. Buck, Jr. Vice President, Chief Accounting March 11, 1996 Officer and Assistant Secretary (Principal Accounting Officer) Edwin Lupberger (Chairman of the Board, Chief Executive Officer and Director; Principal Executive Officer); Gerald D. McInvale (Executive Vice President, Chief Financial Officer, and Director; Principal Financial Officer); John J. Cordaro, Jerry D. Jackson, and Jerry L. Maulden (Directors). By: /s/ Louis E. Buck, Jr. March 11, 1996 (Louis E. Buck, Jr., Attorney-in-fact) SYSTEM ENERGY RESOURCES, INC. SIGNATURES Pursuant to the requirements of Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, thereunto duly authorized. The signature of the undersigned company shall be deemed to relate only to matters having reference to such company and any subsidiaries thereof. SYSTEM ENERGY RESOURCES, INC. By /s/ Louis E. Buck, Jr. Louis E. Buck, Jr., Vice President and Chief Accounting Officer Date: March 11, 1996 Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, this report has been signed below by the following persons on behalf of the registrant and in the capacities and on the dates indicated. The signature of each of the undersigned shall be deemed to relate only to matters having reference to the above-named company and any subsidiaries thereof. Signature Title Date /s/ Louis E. Buck, Jr. Louis E. Buck, Jr. Vice President and March 11, 1996 Chief Accounting Officer (Principal Accounting Officer) Donald C. Hintz (President, Chief Executive Officer and Director; Principal Executive Officer); Gerald D. McInvale (Executive Vice President, Chief Financial Officer, and Director; Principal Financial Officer); Edwin Lupberger (Chairman of the Board), and Jerry L. Maulden (Directors). By: /s/ Louis E. Buck, Jr. March 11, 1996 (Louis E. Buck, Jr., Attorney-in-fact) EXHIBIT 23(a) CONSENT OF INDEPENDENT ACCOUNTANTS We consent to the incorporation by reference in Post-Effective Amendment Nos. 2, 3, 4A, and 5A on Form S-8 and the related Prospectuses to registration statement of Entergy Corporation on Form S- 4 (File Number 33-54298), of our reports dated February 14, 1996, on our audits of the financial statements and financial statement schedules of Entergy Corporation as of and for the years ended December 31, 1995 and 1994, which reports include emphasis paragraphs related to rate-related contingencies and legal proceedings and a 1995 change of accounting method for incremental nuclear plant outage maintenance costs by one of the Corporation's subsidiaries, and are included in this Annual Report on Form 10-K. We consent to the incorporation by reference in the registration statements and the related Prospectuses of Arkansas Power & Light Company on Form S-3 (File Numbers 33-36149, 33-48356, 33-50289 and 333- 00103) of our reports dated February 14, 1996, on our audits of the financial statements and financial statement schedule of Arkansas Power & Light Company as of and for the years ended December 31, 1995 and 1994, which reports include an emphasis paragraph related to the Company's 1995 change in its method of accounting for incremental nuclear plant outage maintenance costs, and are included in this Annual Report on Form 10-K. We consent to the incorporation by reference in registration statements and the related Prospectuses of Gulf States Utilities Company on Form S-3 (File Numbers 33-49739 and 33-51181) and Form S-8 (File Numbers 2-76551 and 2-98011) of our reports dated February 14, 1996, on our audits of the financial statements and financial statement schedule of Gulf States Utilities Company as of December 31, 1995 and 1994 and for the three years ended December 31, 1995, which reports include emphasis paragraphs related to rate-related contingencies, legal proceedings and changes in accounting for income taxes, postretirement benefits and unbilled revenue, and are included in this Annual Report on Form 10-K. We consent to the incorporation by reference in the registration statements and the related Prospectuses of Louisiana Power & Light Company on Form S-3 (File Numbers 33-46085, 33-39221, 33-50937, 333- 00105, and 333-01329) of our reports dated February 14, 1996, on our audits of the financial statements and financial statement schedule of Louisiana Power & Light Company as of and for the years ended December 31, 1995 and 1994, which are included in this Annual Report on Form 10- K. We consent to the incorporation by reference in the registration statements and the related Prospectuses of Mississippi Power & Light Company on Form S-3 (File Numbers 33-53004, 33-55826 and 33-50507) of our reports dated February 14, 1996, on our audits of the financial statements and financial statement schedule of Mississippi Power & Light Company as of and for the years ended December 31, 1995 and 1994, which are included in this Annual Report on Form 10-K. We consent to the incorporation by reference in the registration statements and the related Prospectuses of New Orleans Public Service Inc. on Form S-3 (File Numbers 33-57926 and 333-00255) of our reports dated February 14, 1996, on our audits of the financial statement and financial statement schedules of New Orleans Public Service Inc. as of and for the years ended December 31, 1995 and 1994, which are included in this Annual Report on Form 10-K. We consent to the incorporation by reference in the registration statements and the related Prospectuses of System Energy Resources, Inc. on Form S-3 (File Numbers 33-47662 and 33-61189) of our reports dated February 14, 1996, on our audits of the financial statements of System Energy Resources, Inc. as of and for the years ended December 31, 1995 and 1994, which are included in this Annual Report on Form 10- K. COOPERS & LYBRAND L.L.P. New Orleans, Louisiana March 8, 1996 EXHIBIT 23(b) INDEPENDENT AUDITORS' CONSENT We consent to the incorporation by reference in Post-Effective Amendments Nos. 2, 3, 4A, and 5A on Form S-8 to Registration Statement No. 33-54298 of Entergy Corporation on Form S-4, and the related Prospectuses, of our reports dated February 11, 1994, appearing in this Annual Report on Form 10-K of Entergy Corporation. We also consent to the incorporation by reference in Registration Statements Nos. 333-00103, 33-36149, 33-48356 and 33-50289 of Arkansas Power & Light Company on Form S-3, and the related Prospectuses, of our reports dated February 11, 1994, appearing in this Annual Report on Form 10-K of Arkansas Power & Light Company. We also consent to the incorporation by reference in Registration Statements Nos. 333-01329, 333-00105, 33-46085, 33-39221 and 33-50937 of Louisiana Power & Light Company on Form S-3, and the related Prospectuses, of our reports dated February 11, 1994, appearing in this Annual Report on Form 10-K of Louisiana Power & Light Company. We also consent to the incorporation by reference in Registration Statements Nos. 33-53004, 33-55826 and 33-50507 of Mississippi Power & Light Company on Form S-3, and the related Prospectuses, of our reports dated February 11, 1994, appearing in this Annual Report on Form 10-K of Mississippi Power & Light Company. We also consent to the incorporation by reference in Registration Statement Nos. 333-00255 and 33-57926 of New Orleans Public Service Inc. on Form S-3, and the related Prospectuses, of our reports dated February 11, 1994, appearing in this Annual Report on Form 10-K of New Orleans Public Service Inc. We also consent to the incorporation by reference in Registration Statement Nos. 33-61189 and 33-47662 of System Energy Resources, Inc. on Form S-3, and the related Prospectuses, of our reports dated February 11, 1994 (November 30, 1994 as to Note 2, "Rate and Regulatory Matters - FERC Settlement"), appearing in this Annual Report on Form 10-K of System Energy Resources, Inc. DELOITTE & TOUCHE LLP New Orleans, Louisiana March 8, 1996 EXHIBIT 23(c) CONSENT We consent to the reference to our firm under the heading "Experts", and to the inclusion in this Annual Report on Form 10-K of Gulf States Utilities Company ("GSU") of the statements of legal conclusions attributed to us herein (the Statements of Legal Conclusions) under Part I, Item 1. Business - "Rate Matters and Regulation" and in the discussion of Texas jurisdictional matters set forth in Note 2 to GSU's Financial Statements and Note 2 to Entergy Corporation and Subsidiaries Consolidated Financial Statements appearing as Item 8. of Part II of this Form 10-K, which Statements of Legal Conclusions have been prepared or reviewed by us (Clark, Thomas & Winters, a Professional Corporation). We also consent to the incorporation by reference in the registration statements of GSU on Form S-3 and Form S-8 (File Numbers 2-76551, 2-98011, 33-49739, and 33-51181) of such reference and Statements of Legal Conclusions.] CLARK, THOMAS & WINTERS A Professional Corporation Austin, Texas March 11, 1996 EXHIBIT 23(d) CONSENT We consent to the reference to our firm under the heading "Experts" and to the inclusion in this Annual Report on Form 10-K of Gulf States Utilities Company ("GSU") of the statements (Statements) regarding the analysis by our Firm of River Bend construction costs which are made herein under Part I, Item 1. Business - "Rate Matters and Regulation" and in the discussion of Texas jurisdictional matters set forth in Note 2 to GSU's Financial Statements and Note 2 to Entergy Corporation and Subsidiaries' Consolidated Financial Statements appearing as Item 8. of Part II of this Form 10-K, which Statements have been prepared or reviewed by us (Sandlin Associates). We also consent to the incorporation by reference in the registration statements of GSU on Form S-3 and Form S-8 (File Numbers 2-76551, 2- 98011, 33-49739 and 33-51181) of such reference and Statements. SANDLIN ASSOCIATES Management Consultants Pasco, Washington March 11, 1996 REPORT OF INDEPENDENT ACCOUNTANTS ON FINANCIAL STATEMENT SCHEDULES To the Board of Directors and Shareholders of Entergy Corporation We have audited the consolidated financial statements of Entergy Corporation and Subsidiaries and the financial statements of Arkansas Power & Light Company, Louisiana Power & Light Company, Mississippi Power & Light Company, New Orleans Public Service Inc., and System Energy Resources, Inc. as of and for the years ended December 31, 1995 and 1994, and the financial statements of Gulf States Utilities Company as of December 31, 1995 and 1994, and for each of the three years in the period ended December 31, 1995, and have issued our reports, included elsewhere in this Form 10-K, thereon dated February 14, 1996, which reports as to Entergy Corporation and Gulf States Utilities Company include emphasis paragraphs related to rate-related contingencies and legal proceedings, and which report as to Gulf States Utilities Company includes an emphasis paragraph related to changes in accounting for income taxes, postretirement benefits and unbilled revenue, and which reports as to Entergy Corporation and Arkansas Power & Light Company include an emphasis paragraph related to changes in accounting for incremental nuclear plant outage maintenance expenses. In connection with our audits of such financial statements, we have also audited the related financial statement schedules included in Item 14(a)2 of this Form 10-K. In our opinion the financial statement schedules referred to above, when considered in relation to the basic financial statements taken as a whole, present fairly in all material respects the information required to be included therein. COOPERS & LYBRAND L.L.P. New Orleans, Louisiana February 14, 1996 INDEPENDENT AUDITORS' REPORT ON FINANCIAL STATEMENT SCHEDULES To the Shareholders and the Board of Directors of Entergy Corporation We have audited the consolidated financial statements of Entergy Corporation and subsidiaries and the financial statements of Arkansas Power & Light Company, Louisiana Power & Light Company, Mississippi Power & Light Company, New Orleans Public Service Inc., and System Energy Resources, Inc. for the year ended December 31, 1993, and have issued our reports thereon dated February 11, 1994, which report as to Entergy Corporation includes explanatory paragraphs as to uncertainties because of certain regulatory and litigation matters, and which report as to System Energy Resources, Inc. is dated November 30, 1994 as to Note 2, "Rate and Regulatory Matters - FERC Settlement"; such reports are included elsewhere in this Form 10-K. Our audit also included the 1993 financial statement schedules of these companies, listed in Item 14(a)2. These financial statement schedules are the responsibility of the companies' managements. Our responsibility is to express an opinion based on our audit. We did not audit the financial statements of Gulf States Utilities Company (a consolidated subsidiary of Entergy Corporation acquired on December 31, 1993), which statements reflect total assets constituting 31% of consolidated total assets at December 31, 1993. Those statements were audited by other auditors whose report (which included explanatory paragraphs regarding uncertainties because of certain regulatory and litigation matters) has been furnished to us, and our opinion, insofar as it relates to the amounts included for Gulf States Utilities Company, is based solely on the report of such other auditors. In our opinion, based on our audit and the report of the other auditors, such financial statement schedules, when considered in relation to the basic financial statements taken as a whole, present fairly in all material respects the information set forth therein. DELOITTE & TOUCHE LLP New Orleans, Louisiana February 11, 1994 INDEX TO FINANCIAL STATEMENT SCHEDULES Schedule Page I Financial Statements of Entergy Corporation: Statements of Income - For the Years Ended December 31, 1995, 1994, and 1993 S-2 Statements of Cash Flows - For the Years Ended December 31, 1995, 1994, and 1993 S-3 Balance Sheets, December 31, 1995 and 1994 S-4 Statements of Retained Earnings and Paid-In Capital - For the Years Ended December 31, 1995, 1994, and 1993 S-5 II Valuation and Qualifying Accounts 1995, 1994, and 1993: Entergy Corporation and Subsidiaries S-6 Arkansas Power & Light Company S-7 Gulf States Utilities Company S-8 Louisiana Power & Light Company S-9 Mississippi Power & Light Company S-10 New Orleans Public Service Inc. S-11 Schedules other than those listed above are omitted because they are not required, not applicable or the required information is shown in the financial statements or notes thereto. Columns have been omitted from schedules filed because the information is not applicable. ENTERGY CORPORATION SCHEDULE I-FINANCIAL STATEMENTS OF ENTERGY CORPORATION STATEMENTS OF INCOME For the Years Ended December 31, 1995 1994 1993 (In Thousands) Income: Equity in income of subsidiaries $549,144 $369,701 $557,681 Interest on temporary investments 20,641 25,496 18,520 -------- -------- -------- Total 569,785 395,197 576,201 -------- -------- -------- Expenses and Other Deductions: Administrative and general expenses 53,872 57,846 25,129 Income taxes (credit) (5,383) (6,350) 3,587 Taxes other than income (credit) 1,102 465 (696) Interest (credit) 214 1,395 (3,749) -------- -------- -------- Total 49,805 53,356 24,271 -------- -------- -------- Net Income $519,980 $341,841 $551,930 ======== ======== ======== See Entergy Corporation and Subsidiaries Notes to Financial Statements in Part II, Item 8.
ENTERGY CORPORATION SCHEDULE I - FINANCIAL STATEMENTS OF ENTERGY CORPORATION STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS For the Years Ended December 31, 1995 1994 1993 (In Thousands) Operating Activities: Net income $519,980 $341,841 $551,930 Noncash items included in net income: Equity in earnings of subsidiaries (549,144) (369,701) (557,681) Deferred income taxes (2,024) 7,007 3,771 Depreciation 1,421 959 - Changes in working capital: Receivables 2,161 (5,085) (1,082) Payables (3,776) (11,945) 1,367 Other working capital accounts (1,701) (2,563) 531 Common stock dividends received from subsidiaries 565,589 763,400 686,700 Other 8,652 (12,137) (20,938) -------- -------- -------- Net cash flow provided by operating activities 541,158 711,776 664,598 -------- -------- -------- Investing Activities: Merger with GSU - cash paid - - (250,000) Investment in subsidiaries (477,709) (49,892) (86,221) Capital expenditures - (3,178) (22,861) Decrease in other temporary investments - - 17,012 Proceeds received from the sale of property - 26,000 - Advance to subsidiary 221,540 (11,840) (24,642) -------- -------- -------- Net cash flow used in investing activities (256,169) (38,910) (366,712) -------- -------- -------- Financing Activities: Changes in short-term borrowings - (43,000) 43,000 Common stock dividends paid (408,553) (410,223) (287,483) Retirement of common stock - (119,486) (20,558) -------- -------- -------- Net cash flow used in financing activities (408,553) (572,709) (265,041) -------- -------- -------- Net increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents (123,564) 100,157 32,845 Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period 252,708 152,551 119,706 -------- -------- -------- Cash and cash equivalents at end of period $129,144 $252,708 $152,551 ======== ======== ======== SUPPLEMENTAL DISCLOSURE OF CASH FLOW INFORMATION: Noncash investing and financing activities: Merger with GSU-Common stock issued - - $2,032,071 See Entergy Corporation and Subsidiaries Notes to Financial Statements in Part II, Item 8.
ENTERGY CORPORATION SCHEDULE I - FINANCIAL STATEMENTS OF ENTERGY CORPORATION BALANCE SHEETS December 31, 1995 1994 (In Thousands) ASSETS Investment in Wholly-owned Subsidiaries $6,354,267 $6,110,504 ---------- ---------- Current Assets: Cash and cash equivalents: Cash 25 - Temporary cash investments - at cost, which approximates market: Associated companies 29,180 83,339 Other 99,939 169,369 ---------- ---------- Total cash and cash equivalents 129,144 252,708 Accounts receivable: Associated companies 8,697 10,413 Other 356 375 Interest receivable 497 923 Other 9,511 6,901 ---------- ---------- Total 148,205 271,320 ---------- ---------- Deferred Debits 47,381 55,185 ---------- ---------- TOTAL $6,549,853 $6,437,009 ========== ========== CAPITALIZATION AND LIABILITIES Capitalization: Common stock, $.01 par value in 1995 and 1994: authorized 500,000,000 shares; issued 230,017,485 shares in 1995 and 1994 $2,300 $2,300 Paid-in capital 4,201,483 4,202,134 Retained earnings 2,335,579 2,223,739 Less cost of treasury stock 2,251,318 shares in 1995 and 2,608,908 shares in 1994) (67,642) (77,378) ---------- ---------- Total common shareholders' equity 6,471,720 6,350,795 ---------- ---------- Current Liabilities: Accounts payable: Associated companies 762 4,578 Other 1,142 1,102 Other current liabilities 5,930 5,021 ---------- ---------- Total 7,834 10,701 ---------- ---------- Deferred Credits and Noncurrent Liabilities 70,299 75,513 ---------- ---------- Total $6,549,853 $6,437,009 ========== ========== See Entergy Corporation and Subsidiaries Notes to Financial Statements in Part II, Item 8.
ENTERGY CORPORATION SCHEDULE I - FINANCIAL STATEMENTS OF ENTERGY CORPORATION STATEMENTS OF RETAINED EARNINGS AND PAID-IN CAPITAL For the Years Ended December 31, 1995 1994 1993 (In Thousands) Retained Earnings, January 1 $2,223,739 $2,310,082 $2,062,188 Add: Net income 519,980 341,841 551,930 ---------- ---------- ---------- Total 2,743,719 2,651,923 2,614,118 ---------- ---------- ---------- Deduct: Dividends declared on common stock 409,801 411,806 288,342 Common stock retirements - 13,940 13,906 Capital stock and other expenses (1,661) 2,438 1,788 ---------- ---------- ---------- Total 408,140 428,184 304,036 ---------- ---------- ---------- Retained Earnings, December 31 $2,335,579 $2,223,739 $2,310,082 ========== ========== ========== Paid-in Capital, January 1 $4,202,134 $4,223,682 $1,327,589 Add: Gain (loss) on reacquisition of subsidiaries' preferred stock (26) (23) (20) Issuance of 56,695,724 shares of common stock in the merger with GSU - - 2,027,325 Issuance of 174,552,011 shares of common stock at $.01 par value net of the retirement of 174,552,011 shares of common stock at $5.00 par value - - 871,015 Issuance of stock related to ESIP (3,002) ---------- ---------- ---------- Total 4,199,106 4,223,659 4,225,909 ---------- ---------- ---------- Deduct: Common stock retirements - 22,468 4,389 Capital stock discounts and other expenses (2,377) (943) (2,162) ---------- ---------- ---------- Total (2,377) 21,525 2,227 ---------- ---------- ---------- Paid-in Capital, December 31 $4,201,483 $4,202,134 $4,223,682 ========== ========== ========== See Entergy Corporation and Subsidiaries Notes to Financial Statements in Part II, Item 8.
ENTERGY CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES SCHEDULE II - VALUATION AND QUALIFYING ACCOUNTS Years Ended December 31, 1995, 1994, and 1993 (In Thousands) Column A Column B Column C Column D Column E Column F Other Additions Changes Deductions Balance at from Balance Beginning Charged to Provisions Acquistion at End Description of Period Income (Note 1) of GSU of Period Year ended December 31, 1995 Accumulated Provisions Deducted from Assets-- Doubtful Accounts $6,740 $14,586 $14,217 - $7,109 Other 0 12,337 0 - 12,337 ------- ------- ------- ------- ------- Total $6,740 $26,923 $14,217 - $19,446 ======= ======= ======= ======= ======= Accumulated Provisions Not Deducted from Assets: Property insurance $32,871 $16,263 $12,401 - $36,733 Injuries and damages (Note 2) 22,066 11,667 13,752 - 19,981 Environmental 42,739 7,639 10,116 - 40,262 ------- ------- ------- ------- ------- Total $97,676 $35,569 $36,269 - $96,976 ======= ======= ======= ======= ======= Year ended December 31, 1994 Accumulated Provisions Deducted from Assets-- Doubtful Accounts $8,808 $8,266 $10,334 - $6,740 ======= ======= ======= ======= ======= Accumulated Provisions Not Deducted from Assets: Property insurance $34,546 $25,592 $27,267 - $32,871 Injuries and damages (Note 2) 23,096 10,993 12,023 - 22,066 Environmental 26,753 21,292 5,306 - 42,739 ------- ------- ------- ------- ------- Total $84,395 $57,877 $44,596 - $97,676 ======= ======= ======= ======= ======= Year ended December 31, 1993 Accumulated Provisions Deducted from Assets-- Doubtful Accounts $6,193 $8,565 $8,333 $2,383 $8,808 ======= ======= ======= ======= ======= Accumulated Provisions Not Deducted from Assets: Property insurance $25,177 $5,714 $7,217 $10,872 $34,546 Injuries and damages (Note 2) 15,978 11,702 14,053 9,469 23,096 Environmental 8,006 1,672 1,076 18,151 26,753 ------- ------- ------- ------- ------- Total $49,161 $19,088 $22,346 $38,492 $84,395 ======= ======= ======= ======= ======= ___________ Notes: (1) Deductions from provisions represent losses or expenses for which the respective provisions were created. In the case of the provision for doubtful accounts, such deductions are reduced by recoveries of amounts previously written off. (2) Injuries and damages provision is provided to absorb all current expenses as appropriate and for the estimated cost of settling claims for injuries and damages.
ARKANSAS POWER & LIGHT COMPANY SCHEDULE II - VALUATION AND QUALIFYING ACCOUNTS Years Ended December 31, 1995, 1994, and 1993 (In Thousands) Column A Column B Column C Column D Column E Other Additions Changes Deductions Balance at from Balance Beginning Charged to Provisions at End Description of Period Income (Note 1) of Period Year ended December 31, 1995 Accumulated Provisions Deducted from Assets-- Doubtful Accounts $1,950 $3,997 $3,889 $2,058 ======= ====== ======= ======= Accumulated Provisions Not Deducted from Assets: Property insurance $1,916 $4,810 $5,826 $900 Injuries and damages (Note 2) 2,660 710 1,560 1,810 Environmental 5,350 4,435 3,271 6,514 ------- ------ ------- ------- Total $9,926 $9,955 $10,657 $9,224 ======= ====== ======= ======= Year ended December 31, 1994 Accumulated Provisions Deducted from Assets-- Doubtful Accounts $2,050 $1,967 $2,067 $1,950 ======= ====== ======= ======= Accumulated Provisions Not Deducted from Assets: Property insurance $2,821 $18,782 $19,687 $1,916 Injuries and damages (Note 2) 3,259 1,316 1,915 2,660 Environmental 6,825 1,510 2,985 5,350 ------- ------ ------- ------- Total $12,905 $21,608 $24,587 $9,926 ======= ====== ======= ======= Year ended December 31, 1993 Accumulated Provisions Deducted from Assets-- Doubtful Accounts $1,613 $3,439 $3,002 $2,050 ======= ====== ======= ======= Accumulated Provisions Not Deducted from Assets: Property insurance $5,182 $1,952 $4,313 $2,821 Injuries and damages (Note 2) 5,851 4,070 6,662 3,259 Environmental 6,766 1,122 1,063 6,825 ------- ------ ------- ------- Total $17,799 $7,144 $12,038 $12,905 ======= ====== ======= ======= ___________________ Notes: (1) Deductions from provisions represent losses or expenses for which the respective provisions were created. In the case of the provision for doubtful accounts, such deductions are reduced by recoveries of amounts previously written off. (2) Injuries and damages provision is provided to absorb all current expenses as appropriate and for the estimated cost of settling claims for injuries and damages.
GULF STATES UTILITIES COMPANY SCHEDULE II - VALUATION AND QUALIFYING ACCOUNTS Years Ended December 31, 1995, 1994, and 1993 (In Thousands) Column A Column B Column C Column D Column E Other Additions Changes Deductions Balance at from Balance Beginning Charged to Provisions at End Description of Period Income (Note 1) of Period Year ended December 31, 1995 Accumulated Provisions Deducted from Assets-- Doubtful Accounts $715 $3,715 $2,822 $1,608 ======= ======= ======= ======= Accumulated Provisions Not Deducted from Assets-- Property insurance $10,451 $6,396 $2,706 $14,141 Injuries and damages (Note 2) 6,922 6,243 7,966 5,199 Environmental 20,314 2,483 933 21,864 ------- ------- ------- ------- Total $37,687 $15,122 $11,605 $41,204 ======= ======= ======= ======= Year ended December 31, 1994 Accumulated Provisions Deducted from Assets-- Doubtful Accounts $2,383 $701 $2,369 $715 ======= ======= ======= ======= Accumulated Provisions Not Deducted from Assets-- Property insurance $10,872 $2,170 $2,591 $10,451 Injuries and damages (Note 2) 9,469 2,970 5,517 6,922 Environmental 18,151 2,589 426 20,314 ------- ------- ------- ------- Total $38,492 $7,729 $8,534 $37,687 ======= ======= ======= ======= Year ended December 31, 1993 Accumulated Provisions Deducted from Assets-- Doubtful Accounts $2,953 $929 $1,499 $2,383 ======= ======= ======= ======= Accumulated Provisions Not Deducted from Assets-- Property insurance $9,397 $1,302 ($173) $10,872 Injuries and damages (Note 2) 6,594 11,511 8,636 9,469 Environmental 19,328 3 1,180 18,151 ------- ------- ------- ------- Total $35,319 $12,816 $9,643 $38,492 ======= ======= ======= ======= ___________ Notes: (1) Deductions from provisions represent losses or expenses for which the respective provisions were created. In the case of the provision for doubtful accounts, such deductions are reduced by recoveries of amounts previously written off. (2) Injuries and damages provision is provided to absorb all current expenses as appropriate and for the estimated cost of settling claims for injuries and damages.
LOUISIANA POWER & LIGHT COMPANY SCHEDULE II - VALUATION AND QUALIFYING ACCOUNTS Years Ended December 31, 1995, 1994, and 1993 (In Thousands) Column A Column B Column C Column D Column E Other Additions Changes Deductions Balance at from Balance Beginning Charged to Provisions at End Description of Period Income (Note 1) of Period Year ended December 31, 1995 Accumulated Provisions Deducted from Assets-- Doubtful Accounts $1,175 $2,450 $2,235 $1,390 ======= ====== ======= ======= Accumulated Provisions Not Deducted from Assets: Property insurance $814 $3,537 $3,338 $1,013 Injuries and damages (Note 2) 7,350 4,486 3,422 8,414 Environmental 16,394 (89) 4,926 11,379 ------- ------ ------- ------- Total $24,558 $7,934 $11,686 $20,806 ======= ====== ======= ======= Year ended December 31, 1994 Accumulated Provisions Deducted from Assets-- Doubtful Accounts $1,075 $2,023 $1,923 $1,175 ======= ====== ======= ======= Accumulated Provisions Not Deducted from Assets: Property insurance $2,388 $3,120 $4,694 $814 Injuries and damages (Note 2) 4,779 5,848 3,277 7,350 Environmental 1,237 16,868 1,711 16,394 ------- ------ ------- ------- Total $8,404 $25,836 $9,682 $24,558 ======= ====== ======= ======= Year ended December 31, 1993 Accumulated Provisions Deducted from Assets-- Doubtful Accounts $1,956 $337 $1,218 $1,075 ======= ====== ======= ======= Accumulated Provisions Not Deducted from Assets: Property insurance $2,474 $1,800 $1,886 $2,388 Injuries and damages (Note 2) 6,153 2,748 4,122 4,779 Environmental 700 550 13 1,237 ------- ------ ------- ------- Total $9,327 $5,098 $6,021 $8,404 ======= ====== ======= ======= ___________ Notes: (1) Deductions from provisions represent losses or expenses for which the respective provisions were created. In the case of the provision for doubtful accounts, such deductions are reduced by recoveries of amounts previously written off. (2) Injuries and damages provision is provided to absorb all current expenses as appropriate and for the estimated cost of settling claims for injuries and damages.
MISSISSIPPI POWER & LIGHT COMPANY SCHEDULE II - VALUATION AND QUALIFYING ACCOUNTS Years Ended December 31, 1995, 1994, and 1993 (In Thousands) Column A Column B Column C Column D Column E Other Additions Changes Deductions Balance at from Balance Beginning Charged to Provisions at End Description of Period Income (Note 1) of Period Year ended December 31, 1995 Accumulated Provisions Deducted from Assets-- Doubtful Accounts $2,070 $1,691 $2,176 $1,585 ====== ====== ====== ====== Accumulated Provisions Not Deducted from Assets: Property insurance $3,779 $1,520 $286 $5,013 Injuries and damages (Note 2) 3,725 (1,154) 6 2,565 Environmental 684 735 952 467 ------ ------ ------ ------ Total $8,188 $1,101 $1,244 $8,045 ====== ====== ====== ====== Year ended December 31, 1994 Accumulated Provisions Deducted from Assets-- Doubtful Accounts $2,470 $1,897 $2,297 $2,070 ====== ====== ====== ====== Accumulated Provisions Not Deducted from Assets: Property insurance $2,554 $1,520 $295 $3,779 Injuries and damages (Note 2) 3,478 365 118 3,725 Environmental 500 300 116 684 ------ ------ ------ ------ Total $6,532 $2,185 $529 $8,188 ====== ====== ====== ====== Year ended December 31, 1993 Accumulated Provisions Deducted from Assets-- Doubtful Accounts $1,274 $3,629 $2,433 $2,470 ====== ====== ====== ====== Accumulated Provisions Not Deducted from Assets: Property insurance $2,051 $1,521 $1,018 $2,554 Injuries and damages (Note 2) 1,645 3,202 1,369 3,478 Environmental 500 - - 500 ------ ------ ------ ------ Total $4,196 $4,723 $2,387 $6,532 ====== ====== ====== ====== ___________ Notes: (1) Deductions from provisions represent losses or expenses for which the respective provisions were created. In the case of the provision for doubtful accounts, such deductions are reduced by recoveries of amounts previously written off. (2) Injuries and damages provision is provided to absorb all current expenses as appropriate and for the estimated cost of settling claims for injuries and damages.
NEW ORLEANS PUBLIC SERVICE INC. SCHEDULE II - VALUATION AND QUALIFYING ACCOUNTS Years Ended December 31, 1995, 1994, and 1993 (In Thousands) Column A Column B Column C Column D Column E Other Additions Changes Deductions Balance at from Balance Beginning Charged to Provisions at End Description of Period Income (Note 1) of Period Year ended December 31, 1995 Accumulated Provisions Deducted from Assets-- Doubtful Accounts $830 $2,733 $3,095 $468 ======= ====== ====== ======= Accumulated Provisions Not Deducted from Assets: Property insurance $15,911 - $245 $15,666 Injuries and damages (Note 2) 1,409 1,382 798 1,993 Environmental (3) 75 34 38 ------- ------ ------ ------- Total $17,317 $1,457 $1,077 $17,697 ======= ====== ====== ======= Year ended December 31, 1994 Accumulated Provisions Deducted from Assets-- Doubtful Accounts $830 $1,678 $1,678 $830 ======= ====== ====== ======= Accumulated Provisions Not Deducted from Assets: Property insurance $15,911 - - $15,911 Injuries and damages (Note 2) 2,111 494 1,196 1,409 Environmental 40 25 68 (3) ------- ------ ------ ------- Total $18,062 $519 $1,264 $17,317 ======= ====== ====== ======= Year ended December 31, 1993 Accumulated Provisions Deducted from Assets-- Doubtful Accounts $1,350 $1,160 $1,680 $830 ======= ====== ====== ======= Accumulated Provisions Not Deducted from Assets: Property insurance $15,470 $441 - $15,911 Injuries and damages (Note 2) 2,329 1,682 1,900 2,111 Environmental 40 - - 40 ------- ------ ------ ------- Total $17,839 $2,123 $1,900 $18,062 ======= ====== ====== ======= ___________ Notes: (1) Deductions from provisions represent losses or expenses for which the respective provisions were created. In the case of the provision for doubtful accounts, such deductions are reduced by recoveries of amounts previously written off. (2) Injuries and damages provision is provided to absorb all current expenses as appropriate and for the estimated cost of settling claims for injuries and damages.
EXHIBIT INDEX The following exhibits indicated by an asterisk preceding the exhibit number are filed herewith. The balance of the exhibits have heretofore been filed with the SEC, respectively, as the exhibits and in the file numbers indicated and are incorporated herein by reference. The exhibits marked with a (+) are management contracts or compensatory plans or arrangements required to be filed herewith and required to be identified as such by Item 14 of Form 10-K. Reference is made to a duplicate list of exhibits being filed as a part of this Form 10-K, which list, prepared in accordance with Item 102 of Regulation S-T of the SEC, immediately precedes the exhibits being physically filed with this Form 10-K. (3) (i) Articles of Incorporation Entergy Corporation (a) 1 -- Certificate of Incorporation of Entergy Corporation dated December 31, 1993 (A-1(a) to Rule 24 Certificate in 70-8059). System Energy (b) 1 -- Amended and Restated Articles of Incorporation of System Energy and amendments thereto through April 28, 1989 (A-1(a) to Form U-1 in 70-5399). AP&L (c) 1 -- Amended and Restated Articles of Incorporation of AP&L and amendments thereto through May 27, 1992 (4(c) in 33-50289). GSU (d) 1 -- Restated Articles of Incorporation of GSU and amendments thereto through May 28, 1993 (A-11 in 70- 8059). (d) 2 -- Statement of Resolution amending Restated Articles of Incorporation, as amended, of GSU (A-11(a) in 70- 8059). LP&L (e) 1 -- Restated Articles of Incorporation of LP&L and amendments thereto through July 21, 1994 (3(a) to Form 10- Q for the quarter ended June 30, 1994 in 1-8474). MP&L *(f) 1 -- Restated Articles of Incorporation of MP&L and amendments thereto through January 19, 1996. NOPSI (g) 1 -- Restatement of Articles of Incorporation of NOPSI and amendments thereto through July 21, 1994 (3(c) to Form 10-Q for the quarter ended June 30, 1994 in 0-5807). (3) (ii) By-Laws (a) -- By-Laws of Entergy Corporation effective August 25, 1992, and as presently in effect (A-2(a) to Rule 24 Certificate in 70-8059). (b) -- By-Laws of System Energy effective May 4, 1989, and as presently in effect (A-2(a) in 70-5399). (c) -- By-Laws of AP&L as amended effective May 5, 1994, and as presently in effect (4(f) in 33-50289). (d) -- By-Laws of GSU as amended effective May 5, 1994, and as presently in effect (A-12 in 70-8059). (e) -- By-Laws of LP&L effective January 23, 1984, and as presently in effect (A-4 in 70-6962). *(f) -- By-Laws of MP&L effective April 5, 1995, and as presently in effect. (g) -- By-Laws of NOPSI effective May 5, 1994, and as presently in effect (3(b) to Form 10-Q for the quarter ended September 30, 1989 in 0-5807). (4) Instruments Defining Rights of Security Holders, Including Indentures Entergy Corporation (a) 1 -- See (4)(b) through (4)(g) below for instruments defining the rights of holders of long-term debt of System Energy, AP&L, GSU, LP&L, MP&L and NOPSI. (a) 2 -- Credit Agreement, dated as of October 3, 1989, between System Fuels and The Yasuda Trust and Banking Co., Ltd., New York Branch, as agent (B-1(c) to Rule 24 Certificate, dated October 6, 1989, in 70-7668). (a) 3 -- First Amendment, dated as of March 1, 1992, to Credit Agreement, dated as of October 3, 1989, between System Fuels and The Yasuda Trust and Banking Co., Ltd., New York Branch, as agent (4(a)5 to Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 1991 in 1-3517). (a) 4 -- Second Amendment, dated as of September 30, 1992, to Credit Agreement dated as of October 3, 1989, between System Fuels and The Yasuda Trust and Banking Co., Ltd., New York Branch, as agent (4(a)6 to Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 1992 in 1-3517). (a) 5 -- Security Agreement, dated as of October 3, 1989, as amended, between System Fuels and The Yasuda Trust and Banking Co., Ltd., New York Branch, as agent (B-3(c) to Rule 24 Certificate, dated October 6, 1989, in 70-7668), as amended by First Amendment to Security Agreement, dated as of March 14, 1990 (A to Rule 24 Certificate, dated March 7, 1990, in 70-7668). (a) 6 -- Consent and Agreement, dated as of October 3, 1989, among System Fuels, The Yasuda Trust and Banking Co., Ltd., New York Branch, as agent, AP&L, LP&L, and System Energy (B-5(c) to Rule 24 Certificate, dated October 6, 1989, in 70-7668). (a) 7 -- Credit Agreement, dated as of October 10, 1995, among Entergy, the Banks (Bank of America National Trust & Savings Association, The Bank of New York, Chemical Bank, Citibank, N.A., Union Bank of Switzerland, ABN AMRO Bank N.V., the Bank of Nova Scotia, Canadian Imperial Bank of Commerce, Bank N.A., First National Bank of Commerce and Whitney National Bank) and Citibank, N.A., as Agent (Exhibit B to Rule 24 Certificate dated October 20, 1995 in File No. 70-8149). System Energy (b) 1 -- Mortgage and Deed of Trust, dated as of June 15, 1977, as amended by nineteen Supplemental Indentures (A-1 in 70-5890 (Mortgage); B and C to Rule 24 Certificate in 70-5890 (First); B to Rule 24 Certificate in 70-6259 (Second); 20(a)-5 to Form 10-Q for the quarter ended June 30, 1981, in 1-3517 (Third); A-1(e)-1 to Rule 24 Certificate in 70-6985 (Fourth); B to Rule 24 Certificate in 70-7021 (Fifth); B to Rule 24 Certificate in 70-7021 (Sixth); A-3(b) to Rule 24 Certificate in 70-7026 (Seventh); A-3(b) to Rule 24 Certificate in 70-7158 (Eighth); B to Rule 24 Certificate in 70-7123 (Ninth); B-1 to Rule 24 Certificate in 70-7272 (Tenth); B-2 to Rule 24 Certificate in 70-7272 (Eleventh); B-3 to Rule 24 Certificate in 70-7272 (Twelfth); B-1 to Rule 24 Certificate in 70-7382 (Thirteenth); B-2 to Rule 24 Certificate in 70-7382 (Fourteenth); A-2(c) to Rule 24 Certificate in 70-7946 (Fifteenth); A-2(c) to Rule 24 Certificate in 70-7946 (Sixteenth); A-2(d) to Rule 24 Certificate in 70-7946 (Seventeenth); A-2(e) to Rule 24 Certificate dated May 4, 1993 in 70-7946 (Eighteenth); and A-2(g) to Rule 24 Certificate dated May 6, 1994, in 70-7946 (Nineteenth)). (b) 2 -- Facility Lease No. 1, dated as of December 1, 1988, between Meridian Trust Company and Stephen M. Carta (Steven Kaba, successor), as Owner Trustees, and System Energy (B-2(c)(1) to Rule 24 Certificate dated January 9, 1989 in 70-7561), as supplemented by Lease Supplement No. 1 dated as of April 1, 1989 (B-22(b) (1) to Rule 24 Certificate dated April 21, 1989 in 70-7561) and Lease Supplement No. 2 dated as of January 1, 1994 (B- 3(d) to Rule 24 Certificate dated January 31, 1994 in 70- 8215). (b) 3 -- Facility Lease No. 2, dated as of December 1, 1988 between Meridian Trust Company and Stephen M. Carta (Steven Kaba, successor), as Owner Trustees, and System Energy (B-2(c)(2) to Rule 24 Certificate dated January 9, 1989 in 70-7561), as supplemented by Lease Supplement No. 1 dated as of April 1, 1989 (B-22(b) (2) to Rule 24 Certificate dated April 21, 1989 in 70-7561) and Lease Supplement No. 2 dated as of January 1, 1994 (B-4(d) Rule 24 Certificate dated January 31, 1994 in 70-8215). (b) 4 -- Indenture (for Unsecured Debt Securities), dated as of September 1, 1995, between System Energy Resources, Inc., and Chemical Bank (B-10(a) to Rule 24 Certificate in 70-8511). AP&L (c) 1 -- Mortgage and Deed of Trust, dated as of October 1, 1944, as amended by fifty-two Supplemental Indentures (7(d) in 2-5463 (Mortgage); 7(b) in 2-7121 (First); 7(c) in 2-7605 (Second); 7(d) in 2-8100 (Third); 7(a)-4 in 2-8482 (Fourth); 7(a)-5 in 2-9149 (Fifth); 4(a)-6 in 2-9789 (Sixth); 4(a)-7 in 2-10261 (Seventh); 4(a)-8 in 2-11043 (Eighth); 2(b)-9 in 2-11468 (Ninth); 2(b)-10 in 2-15767 (Tenth); D in 70-3952 (Eleventh); D in 70-4099 (Twelfth); 4(d) in 2-23185 (Thirteenth); 2(c) in 2-24414 (Fourteenth); 2(c) in 2-25913 (Fifteenth); 2(c) in 2-28869 (Sixteenth); 2(d) in 2-28869 (Seventeenth); 2(c) in 2-35107 (Eighteenth); 2(d) in 2-36646 (Nineteenth); 2(c) in 2-39253 (Twentieth); 2(c) in 2-41080 (Twenty-first); C-1 to Rule 24 Certificate in 70-5151 (Twenty-second); C-1 to Rule 24 Certificate in 70-5257 (Twenty-third); C to Rule 24 Certificate in 70-5343 (Twenty-fourth); C-1 to Rule 24 Certificate in 70-5404 (Twenty-fifth); C to Rule 24 Certificate in 70-5502 (Twenty-sixth); C-1 to Rule 24 Certificate in 70-5556 (Twenty-seventh); C-1 to Rule 24 Certificate in 70-5693 (Twenty-eighth); C-1 to Rule 24 Certificate in 70-6078 (Twenty-ninth); C-1 to Rule 24 Certificate in 70-6174 (Thirtieth); C-1 to Rule 24 Certificate in 70-6246 (Thirty-first); C-1 to Rule 24 Certificate in 70-6498 (Thirty-second); A-4b-2 to Rule 24 Certificate in 70-6326 (Thirty-third); C-1 to Rule 24 Certificate in 70-6607 (Thirty-fourth); C-1 to Rule 24 Certificate in 70-6650 (Thirty-fifth); C-1 to Rule 24 Certificate, dated December 1, 1982, in 70-6774 (Thirty-sixth); C-1 to Rule 24 Certificate, dated February 17, 1983, in 70-6774 (Thirty-seventh); A-2(a) to Rule 24 Certificate, dated December 5, 1984, in 70-6858 (Thirty-eighth); A-3(a) to Rule 24 Certificate in 70-7127 (Thirty-ninth); A-7 to Rule 24 Certificate in 70-7068 (Fortieth); A-8(b) to Rule 24 Certificate dated July 6, 1989 in 70-7346 (Forty-first); A-8(c) to Rule 24 Certificate, dated February 1, 1990 in 70-7346 (Forty-second); 4 to Form 10-Q for the quarter ended September 30, 1990 in 1-10764 (Forty-third); A-2(a) to Rule 24 Certificate, dated November 30, 1990, in 70-7802 (Forty-fourth); A-2(b) to Rule 24 Certificate, dated January 24, 1991, in 70-7802 (Forty-fifth); 4(d)(2) in 33-54298 (Forty-sixth); 4(c)(2) to Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 1992 in 1- 10764 (Forty-seventh); 4(b) to Form 10-Q for the quarter ended June 30, 1993 in 1-10764 (Forty-eighth); 4(c) to Form 10-Q for the quarter ended June 30, 1993 in 1-10764 (Forty-ninth); 4(b) to Form 10-Q for the quarter ended September 30, 1993 in 1-10764 (Fiftieth); 4(c) to Form 10- Q for the quarter ended September 30, 1993 in 1-10764 (Fifty-first); and 4(a) to Form 10-Q for the quarter ended June 30, 1994 (Fifty-second)). GSU (d) 1 -- Indenture of Mortgage, dated September 1, 1926, as amended by certain Supplemental Indentures (B-a-I-1 in Registration No. 2-2449 (Mortgage); 7-A-9 in Registration No. 2-6893 (Seventh); B to Form 8-K dated September 1, 1959 (Eighteenth); B to Form 8-K dated February 1, 1966 (Twenty-second); B to Form 8-K dated March 1, 1967 (Twenty-third); C to Form 8-K dated March 1, 1968 (Twenty- fourth); B to Form 8-K dated November 1, 1968 (Twenty- fifth); B to Form 8-K dated April 1, 1969 (Twenty-sixth); 2-A-8 in Registration No. 2-66612 (Thirty-eighth); 4-2 to Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 1984 in 1-2703 (Forty-eighth); 4-2 to Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 1988 in 1-2703 (Fifty-second); 4 to Form 10- K for the year ended December 31, 1991 in 1-2703 (Fifty- third); 4 to Form 8-K dated July 29, 1992 in 1-2703 (Fifth-fourth); 4 to Form 10-K dated December 31, 1992 in 1-2703 (Fifty-fifth); 4 to Form 10-Q for the quarter ended March 31, 1993 in 1-2703 (Fifty-sixth); and 4-2 to Amendment No. 9 to Registration No. 2-76551 (Fifty- seventh)). (d) 2 -- Indenture, dated March 21, 1939, accepting resignation of The Chase National Bank of the City of New York as trustee and appointing Central Hanover Bank and Trust Company as successor trustee (B-a-1-6 in Registration No. 2-4076). (d) 3 -- Trust Indenture for 9.72% Debentures due July 1, 1998 (4 in Registration No. 33-40113). LP&L (e) 1 -- Mortgage and Deed of Trust, dated as of April 1, 1944, as amended by fifty Supplemental Indentures (7(d) in 2-5317 (Mortgage); 7(b) in 2-7408 (First); 7(c) in 2-8636 (Second); 4(b)-3 in 2-10412 (Third); 4(b)-4 in 2-12264 (Fourth); 2(b)-5 in 2-12936 (Fifth); D in 70-3862 (Sixth); 2(b)-7 in 2-22340 (Seventh); 2(c) in 2-24429 (Eighth); 4(c)-9 in 2-25801 (Ninth); 4(c)-10 in 2-26911 (Tenth); 2(c) in 2-28123 (Eleventh); 2(c) in 2-34659 (Twelfth); C to Rule 24 Certificate in 70-4793 (Thirteenth); 2(b)-2 in 2-38378 (Fourteenth); 2(b)-2 in 2-39437 (Fifteenth); 2(b)-2 in 2-42523 (Sixteenth); C to Rule 24 Certificate in 70-5242 (Seventeenth); C to Rule 24 Certificate in 70-5330 (Eighteenth); C-1 to Rule 24 Certificate in 70-5449 (Nineteenth); C-1 to Rule 24 Certificate in 70-5550 (Twentieth); A-6(a) to Rule 24 Certificate in 70-5598 (Twenty-first); C-1 to Rule 24 Certificate in 70-5711 (Twenty-second); C-1 to Rule 24 Certificate in 70-5919 (Twenty-third); C-1 to Rule 24 Certificate in 70-6102 (Twenty-fourth); C-1 to Rule 24 Certificate in 70-6169 (Twenty-fifth); C-1 to Rule 24 Certificate in 70-6278 (Twenty-sixth); C-1 to Rule 24 Certificate in 70-6355 (Twenty-seventh); C-1 to Rule 24 Certificate in 70-6508 (Twenty-eighth); C-1 to Rule 24 Certificate in 70-6556 (Twenty-ninth); C-1 to Rule 24 Certificate in 70-6635 (Thirtieth); C-1 to Rule 24 Certificate in 70-6834 (Thirty-first); C-1 to Rule 24 Certificate in 70-6886 (Thirty-second); C-1 to Rule 24 Certificate in 70-6993 (Thirty-third); C-2 to Rule 24 Certificate in 70-6993 (Thirty-fourth); C-3 to Rule 24 Certificate in 70-6993 (Thirty-fifth); A-2(a) to Rule 24 Certificate in 70-7166 (Thirty-sixth); A-2(a) in 70-7226 (Thirty-seventh); C-1 to Rule 24 Certificate in 70-7270 (Thirty-eighth); 4(a) to Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended June 30, 1988, in 1-8474 (Thirty-ninth); A-2(b) to Rule 24 Certificate in 70-7553 (Fortieth); A-2(d) to Rule 24 Certificate in 70-7553 (Forty-first); A-3(a) to Rule 24 Certificate in 70-7822 (Forty-second); A-3(b) to Rule 24 Certificate in 70-7822 (Forty-third); A-2(b) to Rule 24 Certificate in File No. 70-7822 (Forty-fourth); A-3(c) to Rule 24 Certificate in 70-7822 (Forty-fifth); A-2(c) to Rule 24 Certificate dated April 7, 1993 in 70-7822 (Forty-sixth); A-3(d) to Rule 24 Certificate dated June 4, 1993 in 70-7822 (Forth- seventh); A-3(e) to Rule 24 Certificate dated December 21, 1993 in 70-7822 (Forty-eighth); A-3(f) to Rule 24 Certificate dated August 1, 1994 in 70-7822 (Forty-ninth) and A-4(c) to Rule 24 Certificate dated September 28, 1994 in 70-7653 (Fiftieth)). (e) 2 -- Facility Lease No. 1, dated as of September 1, 1989, between First National Bank of Commerce, as Owner Trustee, and LP&L (4(c)-1 in Registration No. 33-30660). (e) 3 -- Facility Lease No. 2, dated as of September 1, 1989, between First National Bank of Commerce, as Owner Trustee, and LP&L (4(c)-2 in Registration No. 33-30660). (e) 4 -- Facility Lease No. 3, dated as of September 1, 1989, between First National Bank of Commerce, as Owner Trustee, and LP&L (4(c)-3 in Registration No. 33-30660). MP&L (f) 1 -- Mortgage and Deed of Trust, dated as of September 1, 1944, as amended by twenty-five Supplemental Indentures (7(d) in 2-5437 (Mortgage); 7(b) in 2-7051 (First); 7(c) in 2-7763 (Second); 7(d) in 2-8484 (Third); 4(b)-4 in 2-10059 (Fourth); 2(b)-5 in 2-13942 (Fifth); A-11 to Form U-1 in 70-4116 (Sixth); 2(b)-7 in 2-23084 (Seventh); 4(c)-9 in 2-24234 (Eighth); 2(b)-9(a) in 2-25502 (Ninth); A-11(a) to Form U-1 in 70-4803 (Tenth); A-12(a) to Form U-1 in 70-4892 (Eleventh); A-13(a) to Form U-1 in 70-5165 (Twelfth); A-14(a) to Form U-1 in 70-5286 (Thirteenth); A-15(a) to Form U-1 in 70-5371 (Fourteenth); A-16(a) to Form U-1 in 70-5417 (Fifteenth); A-17 to Form U-1 in 70-5484 (Sixteenth); 2(a)-19 in 2-54234 (Seventeenth); C-1 to Rule 24 Certificate in 70-6619 (Eighteenth); A-2(c) to Rule 24 Certificate in 70-6672 (Nineteenth); A-2(d) to Rule 24 Certificate in 70-6672 (Twentieth); C-1(a) to Rule 24 Certificate in 70-6816 (Twenty-first); C-1(a) to Rule 24 Certificate in 70-7020 (Twenty-second); C-1(b) to Rule 24 Certificate in 70-7020 (Twenty-third); C-1(a) to Rule 24 Certificate in 70-7230 (Twenty-fourth); and A-2(a) to Rule 24 Certificate in 70-7419 (Twenty-fifth)). (f) 2 -- Mortgage and Deed of Trust, dated as of February 1, 1988, as amended by tenth Supplemental Indentures (A-2(a)-2 to Rule 24 Certificate in 70-7461 (Mortgage); A-2(b)-2 in 70-7461 (First); A-5(b) to Rule 24 Certificate in 70-7419 (Second); A-4(b) to Rule 24 Certificate in 70-7554 (Third); A-1(b)-1 to Rule 24 Certificate in 70-7737 (Fourth); A-2(b) to Rule 24 Certificate dated November 24, 1992 in 70-7914 (Fifth); A-2(e) to Rule 24 Certificate dated January 22, 1993 in 70-7914 (Sixth); A-2(g) to Form U-1 in 70-7914 (Seventh); A-2(i) to Rule 24 Certificate dated November 10, 1993 in 70-7914 (Eighth); A-2(j) to Rule 24 Certificate dated July 22, 1994 in 70-7914 (Ninth); and (A-2(l) to Rule 24 Certificate dated April 21, 1995 in File 70-7914 (Tenth)). NOPSI (g) 1 -- Mortgage and Deed of Trust, dated as of July 1, 1944, as amended by eleven Supplemental Indentures (B-3 in 2-5411 (Mortgage); 7(b) in 2-7674 (First); 4(a)-2 in 2-10126 (Second); 4(b) in 2-12136 (Third); 2(b)-4 in 2-17959 (Fourth); 2(b)-5 in 2-19807 (Fifth); D to Rule 24 Certificate in 70-4023 (Sixth); 2(c) in 2-24523 (Seventh); 4(c)-9 in 2-26031 (Eighth); 2(a)-3 in 2-50438 (Ninth); 2(a)-3 in 2-62575 (Tenth); and A-2(b) to Rule 24 Certificate in 70-7262 (Eleventh)). (g) 2 -- Mortgage and Deed of Trust, dated as of May 1, 1987, as amended by four Supplemental Indentures (A-2(c) to Rule 24 Certificate in 70-7350 (Mortgage); A-5(b) to Rule 24 Certificate in 70-7350 (First); A-4(b) to Rule 24 Certificate in 70-7448 (Second); 4(f)4 to Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 1992 in 0-5807 (Third); 4(a) to Form 10-Q for the quarter ended September 30, 1993 in 0-5807 (Fourth); and 4(a) to Form 8-K dated April 26, 1995 in File No. 0-5807 (Fifth)). (10) Material Contracts Entergy Corporation (a) 1 -- Agreement, dated April 23, 1982, among certain System companies, relating to System Planning and Development and Intra-System Transactions (10(a)1 to Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 1982, in 1-3517). (a) 2 -- Middle South Utilities System Agency Agreement, dated December 11, 1970 (5(a)-2 in 2-41080). (a) 3 -- Amendment, dated February 10, 1971, to Middle South Utilities System Agency Agreement, dated December 11, 1970 (5(a)-4 in 2-41080). (a) 4 -- Amendment, dated May 12, 1988, to Middle South Utilities System Agency Agreement, dated December 11, 1970 (5(a)-4 in 2-41080). (a) 5 -- Middle South Utilities System Agency Coordination Agreement, dated December 11, 1970 (5(a)-3 in 2-41080). (a) 6 -- Service Agreement with Entergy Services, dated as of April 1, 1963 (5(a)-5 in 2-41080). (a) 7 -- Amendment, dated January 1, 1972, to Service Agreement with Entergy Services (5(a)-6 in 2-43175). (a) 8 -- Amendment, dated April 27, 1984, to Service Agreement with Entergy Services (10(a)-7 to Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 1984, in 1-3517). (a) 9 -- Amendment, dated August 1, 1988, to Service Agreement with Entergy Services (10(a)-8 to Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 1988, in 1-3517). (a) 10-- Amendment, dated January 1, 1991, to Service Agreement with Entergy Services (10(a)-9 to Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 1990, in 1-3517). (a) 11-- Amendment, dated January 1, 1992, to Service Agreement with Entergy Services (10(a)-11 for the year ended December 31, 1994 in 1-3517). (a) 12-- Availability Agreement, dated June 21, 1974, among System Energy and certain other System companies (B to Rule 24 Certificate, dated June 24, 1974, in 70-5399). (a) 13-- First Amendment to Availability Agreement, dated as of June 30, 1977 (B to Rule 24 Certificate, dated June 24, 1977, in 70-5399). (a) 14-- Second Amendment to Availability Agreement, dated as of June 15, 1981 (E to Rule 24 Certificate, dated July 1, 1981, in 70-6592). (a) 15-- Third Amendment to Availability Agreement, dated as of June 28, 1984 (B-13(a) to Rule 24 Certificate, dated July 6, 1984, in 70-6985). (a) 16-- Fourth Amendment to Availability Agreement, dated as of June 1, 1989 (A to Rule 24 Certificate, dated June 8, 1989, in 70-5399). (a) 17-- Fifteenth Assignment of Availability Agreement, Consent and Agreement, dated as of May 1, 1986, with Deposit Guaranty National Bank, United States Trust Company of New York and Malcolm J. Hood, as Trustees (B-3(b) to Rule 24 Certificate, dated June 5, 1986, in 70-7158). (a) 18-- Eighteenth Assignment of Availability Agreement, Consent and Agreement, dated as of September 1, 1986, with United States Trust Company of New York and Gerard F. Ganey, as Trustees (C-2 to Rule 24 Certificate, dated October 1, 1986, in 70-7272). (a) 19-- Nineteenth Assignment of Availability Agreement, Consent and Agreement, dated as of September 1, 1986, with United States Trust Company of New York and Gerard F. Ganey, as Trustees (C-3 to Rule 24 Certificate, dated October 1, 1986, in 70-7272). (a) 20-- Twenty-sixth Assignment of Availability Agreement, Consent and Agreement, dated as of October 1, 1992, with United States Trust Company of New York and Gerard F. Ganey, as Trustees (B-2(c) to Rule 24 Certificate, dated November 2, 1992, in 70-7946). (a) 21-- Twenty-seventh Assignment of Availability Agreement, Consent and Agreement, dated as of April 1, 1993, with United States Trust Company of New York and Gerard F. Ganey as Trustees (B-2(d) to Rule 24 Certificate dated May 4, 1993 in 70-7946). (a) 22-- Twenty-eighth Assignment of Availability Agreement, Consent and Agreement, dated as of December 17, 1993, with Chemical Bank, as Agent (B-2(a) to Rule 24 Certificate dated December 22, 1993 in 70-7561). (a) 23-- Twenty-ninth Assignment of Availability Agreement, Consent and Agreement, dated as of April 1, 1994, with United States Trust Company of New York and Gerard F. Ganey as Trustees (B-2(f) to Rule 24 Certificate dated May 6, 1994, in 70-7946). (a) 24-- Capital Funds Agreement, dated June 21, 1974, between Entergy Corporation and System Energy (C to Rule 24 Certificate, dated June 24, 1974, in 70-5399). (a) 25-- First Amendment to Capital Funds Agreement, dated as of June 1, 1989 (B to Rule 24 Certificate, dated June 8, 1989, in 70-5399). (a) 26-- Fifteenth Supplementary Capital Funds Agreement and Assignment, dated as of May 1, 1986, with Deposit Guaranty National Bank, United States Trust Company of New York and Malcolm J. Hood, as Trustees (B-4(b) to Rule 24 Certificate, dated June 5, 1986, in 70-7158). (a) 27-- Eighteenth Supplementary Capital Funds Agreement and Assignment, dated as of September 1, 1986, with United States Trust Company of New York and Gerard F. Ganey, as Trustees (D-2 to Rule 24 Certificate, dated October 1, 1986, in 70-7272). (a) 28-- Nineteenth Supplementary Capital Funds Agreement and Assignment, dated as of September 1, 1986, with United States Trust Company of New York and Gerard F. Ganey, as Trustees (D-3 to Rule 24 Certificate, dated October 1, 1986, in 70-7272). (a) 29-- Twenty-sixth Supplementary Capital Funds Agreement and Assignment, dated as of October 1, 1992, with United States Trust Company of New York and Gerard F. Ganey, as Trustees (B-3(c) to Rule 24 Certificate dated November 2, 1992 in 70-7946). (a) 30-- Twenty-seventh Supplementary Capital Funds Agreement and Assignment, dated as of April 1, 1993, with United States Trust Company of New York and Gerard F. Ganey, as Trustees (B-3(d) to Rule 24 Certificate dated May 4, 1993 in 70-7946). (a) 31-- Twenty-eighth Supplementary Capital Funds Agreement and Assignment, dated as of December 17, 1993, with Chemical Bank, as Agent (B-3(a) to Rule 24 Certificate dated December 22, 1993 in 70-7561). (a) 32-- Twenty-ninth Supplementary Capital Funds Agreement and Assignment, dated as of April 1, 1994, with United States Trust Company of New York and Gerard F. Ganey, as Trustees (B-3(f) to Rule 24 Certificate dated May 6, 1994, in 70-7946). (a) 33-- First Amendment to Supplementary Capital Funds Agreements and Assignments, dated as of June 1, 1989, by and between Entergy Corporation, System Energy, Deposit Guaranty National Bank, United States Trust Company of New York and Gerard F. Ganey (C to Rule 24 Certificate, dated June 8, 1989, in 70-7026). (a) 34-- First Amendment to Supplementary Capital Funds Agreements and Assignments, dated as of June 1, 1989, by and between Entergy Corporation, System Energy, United States Trust Company of New York and Gerard F. Ganey (C to Rule 24 Certificate, dated June 8, 1989, in 70-7123). (a) 35-- First Amendment to Supplementary Capital Funds Agreement and Assignment, dated as of June 1, 1989, by and between Entergy Corporation, System Energy and Chemical Bank (C to Rule 24 Certificate, dated June 8, 1989, in 70-7561). +(a) 36-- Agreement between Entergy Corporation and Edwin Lupberger (10(a)-42 to Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 1985, in 1-3517). (a) 37-- Reallocation Agreement, dated as of July 28, 1981, among System Energy and certain other System companies (B-1(a) in 70-6624). (a) 38-- Joint Construction, Acquisition and Ownership Agreement, dated as of May 1, 1980, between System Energy and SMEPA (B-1(a) in 70-6337), as amended by Amendment No. 1, dated as of May 1, 1980 (B-1(c) in 70-6337) and Amendment No. 2, dated as of October 31, 1980 (1 to Rule 24 Certificate, dated October 30, 1981, in 70-6337). (a) 39-- Operating Agreement dated as of May 1, 1980, between System Energy and SMEPA (B(2)(a) in 70-6337). (a) 40-- Assignment, Assumption and Further Agreement No. 1, dated as of December 1, 1988, among System Energy, Meridian Trust Company and Stephen M. Carta, and SMEPA (B-7(c)(1) to Rule 24 Certificate, dated January 9, 1989, in 70-7561). (a) 41-- Assignment, Assumption and Further Agreement No. 2, dated as of December 1, 1988, among System Energy, Meridian Trust Company and Stephen M. Carta, and SMEPA (B-7(c)(2) to Rule 24 Certificate, dated January 9, 1989, in 70-7561). (a) 42-- Substitute Power Agreement, dated as of May 1, 1980, among MP&L, System Energy and SMEPA (B(3)(a) in 70-6337). (a) 43-- Grand Gulf Unit No. 2 Supplementary Agreement, dated as of February 7, 1986, between System Energy and SMEPA (10(aaa) in 33-4033). (a) 44-- Compromise and Settlement Agreement, dated June 4, 1982, between Texaco, Inc. and LP&L (28(a) to Form 8-K, dated June 4, 1982, in 1-3517). +(a) 45-- Post-Retirement Plan (10(a)37 to Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 1983, in 1-3517). (a) 46-- Unit Power Sales Agreement, dated as of June 10, 1982, between System Energy and AP&L, LP&L, MP&L and NOPSI (10(a)-39 to Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 1982, in 1-3517). (a) 47-- First Amendment to Unit Power Sales Agreement, dated as of June 28, 1984, between System Energy and AP&L, LP&L, MP&L and NOPSI (19 to Form 10-Q for the quarter ended September 30, 1984, in 1-3517). (a) 48-- Revised Unit Power Sales Agreement (10(ss) in 33-4033). (a) 49-- Middle South Utilities Inc. and Subsidiary Companies Intercompany Income Tax Allocation Agreement, dated April 28, 1988 (Exhibit D-1 to Form U5S for the year ended December 31, 1987). (a) 50-- First Amendment, dated January 1, 1990, to the Middle South Utilities Inc. and Subsidiary Companies Intercompany Income Tax Allocation Agreement (D-2 to Form U5S for the year ended December 31, 1989). (a) 51-- Second Amendment dated January 1, 1992, to the Entergy Corporation and Subsidiary Companies Intercompany Income Tax Allocation Agreement (D-3 to Form U5S for the year ended December 31, 1992). (a) 52-- Third Amendment dated January 1, 1994 to Entergy Corporation and Subsidiary Companies Intercompany Income Tax Allocation Agreement (D-3(a) to Form U5S for the year ended December 31, 1993). (a) 53-- Guaranty Agreement between Entergy Corporation and AP&L, dated as of September 20, 1990 (B-1(a) to Rule 24 Certificate, dated September 27, 1990, in 70-7757). (a) 54-- Guarantee Agreement between Entergy Corporation and LP&L, dated as of September 20, 1990 (B-2(a) to Rule 24 Certificate, dated September 27, 1990, in 70-7757). (a) 55-- Guarantee Agreement between Entergy Corporation and System Energy, dated as of September 20, 1990 (B-3(a) to Rule 24 Certificate, dated September 27, 1990, in 70- 7757). (a) 56-- Loan Agreement between Entergy Operations and Entergy Corporation, dated as of September 20, 1990 (B-12(b) to Rule 24 Certificate, dated June 15, 1990, in 70-7679). (a) 57-- Loan Agreement between Entergy Power and Entergy Corporation, dated as of August 28, 1990 (A-4(b) to Rule 24 Certificate, dated September 6, 1990, in 70-7684). (a) 58-- Loan Agreement between Entergy Corporation and Entergy Systems and Service, Inc., dated as of December 29, 1992 (A-4(b) to Rule 24 Certificate in 70-7947). +(a) 59-- Executive Financial Counseling Program of Entergy Corporation and Subsidiaries (10(a) 52 to Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 1989, in 1-3517). +(a) 60-- Entergy Corporation Annual Incentive Plan (10(a) 54 to Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 1989, in 1-3517). +(a) 61-- Equity Ownership Plan of Entergy Corporation and Subsidiaries (A-4(a) to Rule 24 Certificate, dated May 24, 1991, in 70-7831). +(a) 62-- Retired Outside Director Benefit Plan (10(a)63 to Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 1991, in 1-3517). +(a) 63-- Agreement between Entergy Corporation and Jerry D. Jackson. (10(a) 67 to Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 1992 in 1-3517). +(a) 64-- Agreement between Entergy Services, Inc., a subsidiary of Entergy Corporation, and Gerald D. McInvale (10(a) 68 to Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 1992 in 1-3517). +(a) 65-- Supplemental Retirement Plan (10(a) 69 to Form 10- K for the year ended December 31, 1992 in 1-3517). +(a) 66-- Defined Contribution Restoration Plan of Entergy Corporation and Subsidiaries (10(a)53 to Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 1989 in 1-3517). +(a) 67-- Amendment No. 1 to the Equity Ownership Plan of Entergy Corporation and Subsidiaries (10(a) 71 to Form 10- K for the year ended December 31, 1992 in 1-3517). +(a) 68-- Executive Disability Plan of Entergy Corporation and Subsidiaries (10(a) 72 to Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 1992 in 1-3517). +(a) 69-- Executive Medical Plan of Entergy Corporation and Subsidiaries (10(a) 73 to Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 1992 in 1-3517). +(a) 70-- Stock Plan for Outside Directors of Entergy Corporation and Subsidiaries, as amended (10(a) 74 to Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 1992 in 1- 3517). +(a) 71-- Summary Description of Private Ownership Vehicle Plan of Entergy Corporation and Subsidiaries (10(a) 75 to Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 1992 in 1- 3517). (a) 72-- Agreement and Plan of Reorganization Between Entergy Corporation and Gulf States Utilities Company, dated June 5, 1992 (1 to Current Report on Form 8-K dated June 5, 1992 in 1-3517). +(a) 73-- Amendment to Defined Contribution Restoration Plan of Entergy Corporation and Subsidiaries (10(a) 81 to Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 1993 in 1-11299). +(a) 74-- System Executive Retirement Plan (10(a) 82 to Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 1993 in 1-11299). System Energy (b) 1 through (b) 12-- See 10(a)-12 through 10(a)-23 above. (b) 13 through (b) 24-- See 10(a)-24 through 10(a)-35 above. (b) 25-- Reallocation Agreement, dated as of July 28, 1981, among System Energy and certain other System companies (B-1(a) in 70-6624). (b) 26-- Joint Construction, Acquisition and Ownership Agreement, dated as of May 1, 1980, between System Energy and SMEPA (B-1(a) in 70-6337), as amended by Amendment No. 1, dated as of May 1, 1980 (B-1(c) in 70-6337) and Amendment No. 2, dated as of October 31, 1980 (1 to Rule 24 Certificate, dated October 30, 1981, in 70-6337). (b) 27-- Operating Agreement, dated as of May 1, 1980, between System Energy and SMEPA (B(2)(a) in 70-6337). (b) 28-- Installment Sale Agreement, dated as of December 1, 1983 between System Energy and Claiborne County, Mississippi (B-1 to First Rule 24 Certificate in 70-6913). (b) 29-- Installment Sale Agreement, dated as of June 1, 1984, between System Energy and Claiborne County, Mississippi (B-2 to Second Rule 24 Certificate in 70-6913). (b) 30-- Installment Sale Agreement, dated as of December 1, 1984, between System Energy and Claiborne County, Mississippi (B-1 to First Rule 24 Certificate in 70-7026). (b) 31-- Installment Sale Agreement, dated as of May 1, 1986, between System Energy and Claiborne County, Mississippi (B-1(b) to Rule 24 Certificate in 70-7158). (b) 32-- Amended and Restated Installment Sale Agreement, dated as of May 1, 1995, between System Energy and Claiborne County, Mississippi (B-6(a) to Rule 24 Certificate in 70-8511). (b) 33-- Facility Lease No. 1, dated as of December 1, 1988, between Meridian Trust Company and Stephen M. Carta (Stephen J. Kaba, successor), as Owner Trustees, and System Energy (B-2(c)(1) to Rule 24 Certificate dated January 9, 1989 in 70-7561), as supplemented by Lease Supplement No. 1 dated as of April 1, 1989 (B-22(b) (1) to Rule 24 Certificate dated April 21, 1989 in 70-7561) and Lease Supplement No. 2 dated as of January 1, 1994 (B- 3(d) to Rule 24 Certificate dated January 31, 1994 in 70- 8215). (b) 34-- Facility Lease No. 2, dated as of December 1, 1988 between Meridian Trust Company and Stephen M. Carta (Stephen J. Kaba, successor), as Owner Trustees, and System Energy (B-2(c)(2) to Rule 24 Certificate dated January 9, 1989 in 70-7561), as supplemented by Lease Supplement No. 1 dated as of April 1, 1989 (B-22(b) (2) to Rule 24 Certificate dated April 21, 1989 in 70-7561) and Lease Supplement No. 2 dated as of January 1, 1994 (B- 4(d) Rule 24 Certificate dated January 31, 1994 in 70- 8215). (b) 35-- Assignment, Assumption and Further Agreement No. 1, dated as of December 1, 1988, among System Energy, Meridian Trust Company and Stephen M. Carta, and SMEPA (B-7(c)(1) to Rule 24 Certificate, dated January 9, 1989, in 70-7561). (b) 36-- Assignment, Assumption and Further Agreement No. 2, dated as of December 1, 1988, among System Energy, Meridian Trust Company and Stephen M. Carta, and SMEPA (B-7(c)(2) to Rule 24 Certificate, dated January 9, 1989, in 70-7561). (b) 37-- Collateral Trust Indenture, dated as of January 1, 1994, among System Energy, GG1B Funding Corporation and Bankers Trust Company, as Trustee (A-3(e) to Rule 24 Certificate dated January 31, 1994, in 70-8215), as supplemented by Supplemental Indenture No. 1 dated January 1, 1994, (A-3(f) to Rule 24 Certificate dated January 31, 1994, in 70-8215). (b) 38-- Substitute Power Agreement, dated as of May 1, 1980, among MP&L, System Energy and SMEPA (B(3)(a) in 70-6337). (b) 39-- Grand Gulf Unit No. 2 Supplementary Agreement, dated as of February 7, 1986, between System Energy and SMEPA (10(aaa) in 33-4033). (b) 40-- Unit Power Sales Agreement, dated as of June 10, 1982, between System Energy and AP&L, LP&L, MP&L and NOPSI (10(a)-39 to Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 1982, in 1-3517). (b) 41-- First Amendment to the Unit Power Sales Agreement, dated as of June 28, 1984, between System Energy and AP&L, LP&L, MP&L and NOPSI (19 to Form 10-Q for the quarter ended September 30, 1984, in 1-3517). (b) 42-- Revised Unit Power Sales Agreement (10(ss) in 33-4033). (b) 43-- Fuel Lease, dated as of February 24, 1989, between River Fuel Funding Company #3, Inc. and System Energy (B-1(b) to Rule 24 Certificate, dated March 3, 1989, in 70-7604). (b) 44-- System Energy's Consent, dated January 31, 1995, pursuant to Fuel Lease, dated as of February 24, 1989, between River Fuel Funding Company #3, Inc. and System Energy (B-1(c) to Rule 24 Certificate, dated February 13, 1995 in 70-7604). (b) 45-- Sales Agreement, dated as of June 21, 1974, between System Energy and MP&L (D to Rule 24 Certificate, dated June 26, 1974, in 70-5399). (b) 46-- Service Agreement, dated as of June 21, 1974, between System Energy and MP&L (E to Rule 24 Certificate, dated June 26, 1974, in 70-5399). (b) 47-- Partial Termination Agreement, dated as of December 1, 1986, between System Energy and MP&L (A-2 to Rule 24 Certificate, dated January 8, 1987, in 70-5399). (b) 48-- Middle South Utilities, Inc. and Subsidiary Companies Intercompany Income Tax Allocation Agreement, dated April 28, 1988 (D-1 to Form U5S for the year ended December 31, 1987). (b) 49-- First Amendment, dated January 1, 1990 to the Middle South Utilities Inc. and Subsidiary Companies Intercompany Income Tax Allocation Agreement (D-2 to Form U5S for the year ended December 31, 1989). (b) 50-- Second Amendment dated January 1, 1992, to the Entergy Corporation and Subsidiary Companies Intercompany Income Tax Allocation Agreement (D-3 to Form U5S for the year ended December 31, 1992). (b) 51-- Third Amendment dated January 1, 1994 to Entergy Corporation and Subsidiary Companies Intercompany Income Tax Allocation Agreement (D-3(a) to Form U5S for the year ended December 31, 1993). (b) 52-- Service Agreement with Entergy Services, dated as of July 16, 1974, as amended (10(b)-43 to Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 1988, in 1-9067). (b) 53-- Amendment, dated January 1, 1991, to Service Agreement with Entergy Services (10(b)-45 to Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 1990, in 1-9067). (b) 54-- Amendment, dated January 1, 1992, to Service Agreement with Entergy Services (10(a) -11 to Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 1994 in 1-3517). (b) 55-- Operating Agreement between Entergy Operations and System Energy, dated as of June 6, 1990 (B-3(b) to Rule 24 Certificate, dated June 15, 1990, in 70-7679). (b) 56-- Guarantee Agreement between Entergy Corporation and System Energy, dated as of September 20, 1990 (B-3(a) to Rule 24 Certificate, dated September 27, 1990, in 70-7757). +(b) 57-- Agreement between System Energy and Donald C. Hintz (10(b)47 to Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 1991, in 1-9067). +(b) 58-- Agreement between Entergy Corporation and Edwin Lupberger (10(a)-42 to Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 1985 in 1-3517). +(b) 59-- Agreement between Entergy Services and Gerald D. McInvale (10(a)-69 to Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 1992 in 1-3517). AP&L (c) 1 -- Agreement, dated April 23, 1982, among AP&L and certain other System companies, relating to System Planning and Development and Intra-System Transactions (10(a) 1 to Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 1982, in 1-3517). (c) 2 -- Middle South Utilities System Agency Agreement, dated December 11, 1970 (5(a)2 in 2-41080). (c) 3 -- Amendment, dated February 10, 1971, to Middle South Utilities System Agency Agreement, dated December 11, 1970 (5(a)-4 in 2-41080). (c) 4 -- Amendment, dated May 12, 1988, to Middle South Utilities System Agency Agreement, dated December 11, 1970 (5(a) 4 in 2-41080). (c) 5 -- Middle South Utilities System Agency Coordination Agreement, dated December 11, 1970 (5(a)-3 in 2-41080). (c) 6 -- Service Agreement with Entergy Services, dated as of April 1, 1963 (5(a)-5 in 2-41080). (c) 7 -- Amendment, dated January 1, 1972, to Service Agreement with Entergy Services (5(a)- 6 in 2-43175). (c) 8 -- Amendment, dated April 27, 1984, to Service Agreement, with Entergy Services (10(a)- 7 to Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 1984, in 1-3517). (c) 9 -- Amendment, dated August 1, 1988, to Service Agreement with Entergy Services (10(c)- 8 to Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 1988, in 1-10764). (c) 10-- Amendment, dated January 1, 1991, to Service Agreement with Entergy Services (10(c)-9 to Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 1990, in 1-10764). (c) 11-- Amendment, dated January 1, 1992, to Service Agreement with Entergy Services (10(a)-11 to Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 1994 in 1-3517). (c) 12 through (c) 23-- See 10(a)-12 through 10(a)-23 above. (c) 24-- Agreement, dated August 20, 1954, between AP&L and the United States of America (SPA)(13(h) in 2-11467). (c) 25-- Amendment, dated April 19, 1955, to the United States of America (SPA) Contract, dated August 20, 1954 (5(d)-2 in 2-41080). (c) 26-- Amendment, dated January 3, 1964, to the United States of America (SPA) Contract, dated August 20, 1954 (5(d)-3 in 2-41080). (c) 27-- Amendment, dated September 5, 1968, to the United States of America (SPA) Contract, dated August 20, 1954 (5(d)-4 in 2-41080). (c) 28-- Amendment, dated November 19, 1970, to the United States of America (SPA) Contract, dated August 20, 1954 (5(d)-5 in 2-41080). (c) 29-- Amendment, dated July 18, 1961, to the United States of America (SPA) Contract, dated August 20, 1954 (5(d)-6 in 2-41080). (c) 30-- Amendment, dated December 27, 1961, to the United States of America (SPA) Contract, dated August 20, 1954 (5(d)-7 in 2-41080). (c) 31-- Amendment, dated January 25, 1968, to the United States of America (SPA) Contract, dated August 20, 1954 (5(d)-8 in 2-41080). (c) 32-- Amendment, dated October 14, 1971, to the United States of America (SPA) Contract, dated August 20, 1954 (5(d)-9 in 2-43175). (c) 33-- Amendment, dated January 10, 1977, to the United States of America (SPA) Contract, dated August 20, 1954 (5(d)-10 in 2-60233). (c) 34-- Agreement, dated May 14, 1971, between AP&L and the United States of America (SPA) (5(e) in 2-41080). (c) 35-- Amendment, dated January 10, 1977, to the United States of America (SPA) Contract, dated May 14, 1971 (5(e)-1 in 2-60233). (c) 36-- Contract, dated May 28, 1943, Amendment to Contract, dated July 21, 1949, and Supplement to Amendment to Contract, dated December 30, 1949, between AP&L and McKamie Gas Cleaning Company; Agreements, dated as of September 30, 1965, between AP&L and former stockholders of McKamie Gas Cleaning Company; and Letter Agreement, dated June 22, 1966, by Humble Oil & Refining Company accepted by AP&L on June 24, 1966 (5(k)-7 in 2-41080). (c) 37-- Agreement, dated April 3, 1972, between Entergy Services and Gulf United Nuclear Fuels Corporation (5(l)-3 in 2-46152). (c) 38-- Fuel Lease, dated as of December 22, 1988, between River Fuel Trust #1 and AP&L (B-1(b) to Rule 24 Certificate in 70-7571). (c) 39-- White Bluff Operating Agreement, dated June 27, 1977, among AP&L and Arkansas Electric Cooperative Corporation and City Water and Light Plant of the City of Jonesboro, Arkansas (B-2(a) to Rule 24 Certificate, dated June 30, 1977, in 70-6009). (c) 40-- White Bluff Ownership Agreement, dated June 27, 1977, among AP&L and Arkansas Electric Cooperative Corporation and City Water and Light Plant of the City of Jonesboro, Arkansas (B-1(a) to Rule 24 Certificate, dated June 30, 1977, in 70-6009). (c) 41-- Agreement, dated June 29, 1979, between AP&L and City of Conway, Arkansas (5(r)-3 in 2-66235). (c) 42-- Transmission Agreement, dated August 2, 1977, between AP&L and City Water and Light Plant of the City of Jonesboro, Arkansas (5(r)-3 in 2-60233). (c) 43-- Power Coordination, Interchange and Transmission Service Agreement, dated as of June 27, 1977, between Arkansas Electric Cooperative Corporation and AP&L (5(r)-4 in 2-60233). (c) 44-- Independence Steam Electric Station Operating Agreement, dated July 31, 1979, among AP&L and Arkansas Electric Cooperative Corporation and City Water and Light Plant of the City of Jonesboro, Arkansas and City of Conway, Arkansas (5(r)-6 in 2-66235). (c) 45-- Amendment, dated December 4, 1984, to the Independence Steam Electric Station Operating Agreement (10(c) 51 to Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 1984, in 1-10764). (c) 46-- Independence Steam Electric Station Ownership Agreement, dated July 31, 1979, among AP&L and Arkansas Electric Cooperative Corporation and City Water and Light Plant of the City of Jonesboro, Arkansas and City of Conway, Arkansas (5(r)-7 in 2-66235). (c) 47-- Amendment, dated December 28, 1979, to the Independence Steam Electric Station Ownership Agreement (5(r)-7(a) in 2-66235). (c) 48-- Amendment, dated December 4, 1984, to the Independence Steam Electric Station Ownership Agreement (10(c) 54 to Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 1984, in 1-10764). (c) 49-- Owner's Agreement, dated November 28, 1984, among AP&L, MP&L, other co-owners of the Independence Station (10(c) 55 to Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 1984, in 1-10764). (c) 50-- Consent, Agreement and Assumption, dated December 4, 1984, among AP&L, MP&L, other co-owners of the Independence Station and United States Trust Company of New York, as Trustee (10(c) 56 to Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 1984, in 1-10764). (c) 51-- Power Coordination, Interchange and Transmission Service Agreement, dated as of July 31, 1979, between AP&L and City Water and Light Plant of the City of Jonesboro, Arkansas (5(r)-8 in 2-66235). (c) 52-- Power Coordination, Interchange and Transmission Agreement, dated as of June 29, 1979, between City of Conway, Arkansas and AP&L (5(r)-9 in 2-66235). (c) 53-- Agreement, dated June 21, 1979, between AP&L and Reeves E. Ritchie ((10)(b)-90 to Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 1980, in 1-10764). (c) 54-- Reallocation Agreement, dated as of July 28, 1981, among System Energy and certain other System companies (B-1(a) in 70-6624). +(c) 55-- Post-Retirement Plan (10(b) 55 to Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 1983, in 1-10764). (c) 56-- Unit Power Sales Agreement, dated as of June 10, 1982, between System Energy and AP&L, LP&L, MP&L, and NOPSI (10(a) 39 to Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 1982, in 1-3517). (c) 57-- First Amendment to Unit Power Sales Agreement, dated as of June 28, 1984, between System Energy, AP&L, LP&L, MP&L, and NOPSI (19 to Form 10-Q for the quarter ended September 30, 1984, in 1-3517). (c) 58-- Revised Unit Power Sales Agreement (10(ss) in 33-4033). (c) 59-- Contract For Disposal of Spent Nuclear Fuel and/or High-Level Radioactive Waste, dated June 30, 1983, among the DOE, System Fuels and AP&L (10(b)-57 to Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 1983, in 1-10764). (c) 60-- Middle South Utilities, Inc. and Subsidiary Companies Intercompany Income Tax Allocation Agreement, dated April 28, 1988 (D-1 to Form U5S for the year ended December 31, 1987). (c) 61-- First Amendment, dated January 1, 1990, to the Middle South Utilities, Inc. and Subsidiary Companies Intercompany Income Tax Allocation Agreement (D-2 to Form U5S for the year ended December 31, 1989). (c) 62-- Second Amendment dated January 1, 1992, to the Entergy Corporation and Subsidiary Companies Intercompany Income Tax Allocation Agreement (D-3 to Form U5S for the year ended December 31, 1992). (c) 63-- Third Amendment dated January 1, 1994, to Entergy Corporation and Subsidiary Companies Intercompany Income Tax Allocation Agreement (D-3(a) to Form U5S for the year ended December 31, 1993). (c) 64-- Assignment of Coal Supply Agreement, dated December 1, 1987, between System Fuels and AP&L (B to Rule 24 letter filing, dated November 10, 1987, in 70-5964). (c) 65-- Coal Supply Agreement, dated December 22, 1976, between System Fuels and Antelope Coal Company (B-1 in 70-5964), as amended by First Amendment (A to Rule 24 Certificate in 70-5964); Second Amendment (A to Rule 24 letter filing, dated December 16, 1983, in 70-5964); and Third Amendment (A to Rule 24 letter filing, dated November 10, 1987 in 70-5964). (c) 66-- Operating Agreement between Entergy Operations and AP&L, dated as of June 6, 1990 (B-1(b) to Rule 24 Certificate, dated June 15, 1990, in 70-7679). (c) 67-- Guaranty Agreement between Entergy Corporation and AP&L, dated as of September 20, 1990 (B-1(a) to Rule 24 Certificate, dated September 27, 1990, in 70-7757). (c) 68-- Agreement for Purchase and Sale of Independence Unit 2 between AP&L and Entergy Power, dated as of August 28, 1990 (B-3(c) to Rule 24 Certificate, dated September 6, 1990, in 70-7684). (c) 69-- Agreement for Purchase and Sale of Ritchie Unit 2 between AP&L and Entergy Power, dated as of August 28, 1990 (B-4(d) to Rule 24 Certificate, dated September 6, 1990, in 70-7684). (c) 70-- Ritchie Steam Electric Station Unit No. 2 Operating Agreement between AP&L and Entergy Power, dated as of August 28, 1990 (B-5(a) to Rule 24 Certificate, dated September 6, 1990, in 70-7684). (c) 71-- Ritchie Steam Electric Station Unit No. 2 Ownership Agreement between AP&L and Entergy Power, dated as of August 28, 1990 (B-6(a) to Rule 24 Certificate, dated September 6, 1990, in 70-7684). (c) 72-- Power Coordination, Interchange and Transmission Service Agreement between Entergy Power and AP&L, dated as of August 28, 1990 (10(c)-71 to Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 1990, in 1-10764). +(c) 73-- Executive Financial Counseling Program of Entergy Corporation and Subsidiaries (10(a)52 to Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 1989, in 1-3517). +(c) 74-- Entergy Corporation Annual Incentive Plan (10(a)54 to Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 1989, in 1-3517). +(c) 75-- Equity Ownership Plan of Entergy Corporation and Subsidiaries (A-4(a) to Rule 24 Certificate, dated May 24, 1991, in 70-7831). +(c) 76-- Agreement between Arkansas Power & Light Company and R. Drake Keith. (10(c) 78 to Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 1992 in 1-10764). +(c) 77-- Supplemental Retirement Plan (10(a)69 to Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 1992 in 1-3517). +(c) 78-- Defined Contribution Restoration Plan of Entergy Corporation and Subsidiaries (10(a)53 to Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 1989 in 1-3517). +(c) 79-- Amendment No. 1 to the Equity Ownership Plan of Entergy Corporation and Subsidiaries (10(a)71 to Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 1992 in 1-3517). +(c) 80-- Executive Disability Plan of Entergy Corporation and Subsidiaries (10(a)72 to Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 1992 in 1-3517). +(c) 81-- Executive Medical Plan of Entergy Corporation and Subsidiaries (10(a)73 to Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 1992 in 1-3517). +(c) 82-- Stock Plan for Outside Directors of Entergy Corporation and Subsidiaries, as amended (10(a)74 to Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 1992 in 1-3517). +(c) 83-- Summary Description of Private Ownership Vehicle Plan of Entergy Corporation and Subsidiaries (10(a)75 to Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 1992 in 1-3517). +(c) 84-- Agreement between Entergy Corporation and Edwin Lupberger (10(a)-42 to Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 1985 in 1-3517). +(c) 85-- Agreement between Entergy Corporation and Jerry D. Jackson (10(a)-68 to Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 1992 in 1-3517). +(c) 86-- Agreement between Entergy Services and Gerald D. McInvale (10(a)-69 to Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 1992 in 1-3517). +(c) 87-- Agreement between System Energy and Donald C. Hintz (10(b)-47 to Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 1991 in 1-9067). +(c) 88-- Summary Description of Retired Outside Director Benefit Plan. (10(c) 90 to Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 1992 in 1-10764). +(c) 89-- Amendment to Defined Contribution Restoration Plan of Entergy Corporation and Subsidiaries (10(a) 81 to Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 1993 in 1-11299). +(c) 90-- System Executive Retirement Plan (10(a) 82 to Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 1993 in 1-11299). (c) 91-- Loan Agreement dated June 15, 1993, between AP&L and Independence Country, Arkansas (B-1 (a) to Rule 24 Certificate dated July 9, 1993 in 70-8171). (c) 92-- Installment Sale Agreement dated January 1, 1991, between AP&L and Pope Country, Arkansas (B-1 (b) to Rule 24 Certificate dated January 24, 1991 in 70-7802). (c) 93-- Installment Sale Agreement dated November 1, 1990, between AP&L and Pope Country, Arkansas (B-1 (a) to Rule 24 Certificate dated November 30, 1990 in70-7802). (c) 94-- Loan Agreement dated June 15, 1994, between AP&L and Jefferson County, Arkansas (B-1(a) to Rule 24 Certificate dated June 30, 1994 in 70-8405). (c) 95-- Loan Agreement dated June 15, 1994, between AP&L and Pope County, Arkansas (B-1(b) to Rule 24 Certificate in 70-8405). *(c) 96-- Loan Agreement dated November 15, 1995, between AP&L and Pope County, Arkansas. GSU (d) 1 -- Guaranty Agreement, dated July 1, 1976, between GSU and American Bank and Trust Company (C and D to Form 8-K, dated August 6, 1976 in 1-2703). (d) 2 -- Lease of Railroad Equipment, dated as of December 1, 1981, between The Connecticut Bank and Trust Company as Lessor and GSU as Lessee and First Supplement, dated as of December 31, 1981, relating to 605 One Hundred-Ton Unit Train Steel Coal Porter Cars (4-12 to Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 1981 in 1-2703). (d) 3 -- Guaranty Agreement, dated August 1, 1992, between GSU and Hibernia National Bank, relating to Pollution Control Revenue Refunding Bonds of the Industrial Development Board of the Parish of Calcasieu, Inc. (Louisiana) (10-1 to Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 1992 in 1-2703). (d) 4 -- Guaranty Agreement, dated January 1, 1993, between GSU and Hancock Bank of Louisiana, relating to Pollution Control Revenue Refunding Bonds of the Parish of Pointe Coupee (Louisiana) (10-2 to Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 1992 in 1-2703). (d) 5 -- Deposit Agreement, dated as of December 1, 1983 between GSU, Morgan Guaranty Trust Co. as Depositary and the Holders of Despositary Receipts, relating to the Issue of 900,000 Depositary Preferred Shares, each representing 1/2 share of Adjustable Rate Cumulative Preferred Stock, Series E-$100 Par Value (4-17 to Form 10- K for the year ended December 31, 1983 in 1-2703). (d) 6 -- Letter of Credit and Reimbursement Agreement, dated December 27, 1985, between GSU and Westpack Banking Corporation relating to Variable Rate Demand Pollution Control Revenue Bonds of the Parish of West Feliciana, State of Louisiana, Series 1985-D (4-26 to Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 1985 in 1-2703) and Letter Agreement amending same dated October 20, 1992 (10-3 to Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 1992 in 1- 2703). (d) 7 -- Reimbursement and Loan Agreement, dated as of April 23, 1986, by and between GSU and The Long-Term Credit Bank of Japan, Ltd., relating to Multiple Rate Demand Pollution Control Revenue Bonds of the Parish of West Feliciana, State of Louisiana, Series 1985 (4-26 to Form 10-K, for the year ended December 31, 1986 in 1- 2703) and Letter Agreement amending same, dated February 19, 1993 (10 to Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 1992 in 1-2703). (d) 8 -- Agreement effective February 1, 1964, between Sabine River Authority, State of Louisiana, and Sabine River Authority of Texas, and GSU, Central Louisiana Electric Company, Inc., and Louisiana Power & Light Company, as supplemented (B to Form 8-K, dated May 6, 1964, A to Form 8-K, dated October 5, 1967, A to Form 8- K, dated May 5, 1969, and A to Form 8-K, dated December 1, 1969, in 1-2708). (d) 9 -- Joint Ownership Participation and Operating Agreement regarding River Bend Unit 1 Nuclear Plant, dated August 20, 1979, between GSU, Cajun, and SRG&T; Power Interconnection Agreement with Cajun, dated June 26, 1978, and approved by the REA on August 16, 1979, between GSU and Cajun; and Letter Agreement regarding CEPCO buybacks, dated August 28, 1979, between GSU and Cajun (2, 3, and 4, respectively, to Form 8-K, dated September 7, 1979, in 1-2703). (d) 10-- Ground Lease, dated August 15, 1980, between Statmont Associates Limited Partnership (Statmont) and GSU, as amended (3 to Form 8-K, dated August 19, 1980, and A-3-b to Form 10-Q for the quarter ended September 30, 1983 in 1-2703). (d) 11-- Lease and Sublease Agreement, dated August 15, 1980, between Statmont and GSU, as amended (4 to Form 8- K, dated August 19, 1980, and A-3-c to Form 10-Q for the quarter ended September 30, 1983 in 1-2703). (d) 12-- Lease Agreement, dated September 18, 1980, between BLC Corporation and GSU (1 to Form 8-K, dated October 6, 1980 in 1-2703). (d) 13-- Joint Ownership Participation and Operating Agreement for Big Cajun, between GSU, Cajun Electric Power Cooperative, Inc., and Sam Rayburn G&T, Inc, dated November 14, 1980 (6 to Form 8-K, dated January 29, 1981 in 1-2703); Amendment No. 1, dated December 12, 1980 (7 to Form 8-K, dated January 29, 1981 in 1-2703); Amendment No. 2, dated December 29, 1980 (8 to Form 8-K, dated January 29, 1981 in 1-2703). (d) 14-- Agreement of Joint Ownership Participation between SRMPA, SRG&T and GSU, dated June 6, 1980, for Nelson Station, Coal Unit #6, as amended (8 to Form 8-K, dated June 11, 1980, A-2-b to Form 10-Q For the quarter ended June 30, 1982; and 10-1 to Form 8-K, dated February 19, 1988 in 1-2703). (d) 15-- Agreements between Southern Company and GSU, dated February 25, 1982, which cover the construction of a 140- mile transmission line to connect the two systems, purchase of power and use of transmission facilities (10- 31 to Form 10-K, for the year ended December 31, 1981 in 1-2703). +(d) 16-- Executive Income Security Plan, effective October 1, 1980, as amended, continued and completely restated effective as of March 1, 1991 (10-2 to Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 1991 in 1-2703). (d) 17-- Transmission Facilities Agreement between GSU and Mississippi Power Company, dated February 28, 1982, and Amendment, dated May 12, 1982 (A-2-c to Form 10-Q for the quarter ended March 31, 1982 in 1-2703) and Amendment, dated December 6, 1983 (10-43 to Form 10-K, for the year ended December 31, 1983 in 1-2703). (d) 18-- Lease Agreement dated as of June 29, 1983, between GSU and City National Bank of Baton Rouge, as Owner Trustee, in connection with the leasing of a Simulator and Training Center for River Bend Unit 1 (A-2-a to Form 10-Q for the quarter ended June 30, 1983 in 1-2703) and Amendment, dated December 14, 1984 (10-55 to Form 10-K, for the year ended December 31, 1984 in 1-2703). (d) 19-- Participation Agreement, dated as of June 29, 1983, among GSU, City National Bank of Baton Rouge, PruFunding, Inc. Bank of the Southwest National Association, Houston and Bankers Life Company, in connection with the leasing of a Simulator and Training Center of River Bend Unit 1 (A-2-b to Form 10-Q for the quarter ended June 30, 1983 in 1-2703). (d) 20-- Tax Indemnity Agreement, dated as of June 29, 1983, between GSU and Prufunding, Inc., in connection with the leasing of a Simulator and Training Center for River Bend Unit I (A-2-c to Form 10-Q for the quarter ended June 30, 1993 in 1-2703). (d) 21-- Agreement to Lease, dated as of August 28, 1985, among GSU, City National Bank of Baton Rouge, as Owner Trustee, and Prudential Interfunding Corp., as Trustor, in connection with the leasing of improvement to a Simulator and Training Facility for River Bend Unit I (10- 69 to Form 10-K, for the year ended December 31, 1985 in 1-2703). (d) 22-- First Amended Power Sales Agreement, dated December 1, 1985 between Sabine River Authority, State of Louisiana, and Sabine River Authority, State of Texas, and GSU, Central Louisiana Electric Co., Inc., and Louisiana Power and Light Company (10-72 to Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 1985 in 1-2703). +(d) 23-- Deferred Compensation Plan for Directors of GSU and Varibus Corporation, as amended January 8, 1987, and effective January 1, 1987 (10-77 to Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 1986 in 1-2703). Amendment dated December 4, 1991 (10-3 to Amendment No. 8 in Registration No. 2-76551). +(d) 24-- Trust Agreement for Deferred Payments to be made by GSU pursuant to the Executive Income Security Plan, by and between GSU and Bankers Trust Company, effective November 1, 1986 (10-78 to Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 1986 in 1-2703). +(d) 25-- Trust Agreement for Deferred Installments under GSU's Management Incentive Compensation Plan and Administrative Guidelines by and between GSU and Bankers Trust Company, effective June 1, 1986 (10-79 to Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 1986 in 1-2703). +(d) 26-- Nonqualified Deferred Compensation Plan for Officers, Nonemployee Directors and Designated Key Employees, effective December 1, 1985, as amended, continued and completely restated effective as of March 1, 1991 (10-3 to Amendment No. 8 in Registration No. 2- 76551). +(d) 27-- Trust Agreement for GSU's Nonqualified Directors and Designated Key Employees by and between GSU and First City Bank, Texas-Beaumont, N.A. (now Texas Commerce Bank), effective July 1, 1991 (10-4 to Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 1992 in 1-2703). (d) 28-- Lease Agreement, dated as of June 29, 1987, among GSG&T, Inc., and GSU related to the leaseback of the Lewis Creek generating station (10-83 to Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 1988 in 1-2703). (d) 29-- Nuclear Fuel Lease Agreement between GSU and River Bend Fuel Services, Inc. to lease the fuel for River Bend Unit 1, dated February 7, 1989 (10-64 to Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 1988 in 1-2703). (d) 30-- Trust and Investment Management Agreement between GSU and Morgan Guaranty and Trust Company of New York (the "Decommissioning Trust Agreement) with respect to decommissioning funds authorized to be collected by GSU, dated March 15, 1989 (10-66 to Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 1988 in 1-2703). *(d) 31-- Amendment No. 2 dated November 1, 1995 between GSU and Mellon Bank to Decommissioning Trust Agreement. (d) 32-- Credit Agreement, dated as of December 29, 1993, among River Bend Fuel Services, Inc. and Certain Commercial Lending Institutions and CIBC Inc. as Agent for the Lenders ((d) 34 to Form 10-K for year ended December 31, 1994). *(d) 33-- Amendment No. 1 dated as of January 31, 1996 to Credit Agreement, dated as of December 31, 1993, among River Bend Fuel Services, Inc. and certain commercial lending institutions and CIBC Inc. as agent for Lenders. (d) 34-- Partnership Agreement by and among Conoco Inc., and GSU, CITGO Petroleum Corporation and Vista Chemical Company, dated April 28, 1988 (10-67 to Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 1988 in 1-2703). +(d) 35-- Gulf States Utilities Company Executive Continuity Plan, dated January 18, 1991 (10-6 to Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 1990 in 1-2703). +(d) 36-- Trust Agreement for GSU's Executive Continuity Plan, by and between GSU and First City Bank, Texas- Beaumont, N.A. (now Texas Commerce Bank), effective May 20, 1991 (10-5 to Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 1992 in 1-2703). +(d) 37-- Gulf States Utilities Board of Directors' Retirement Plan, dated February 15, 1991 (10-8 to Form 10- K for the year ended December 31, 1990 in 1-2703). +(d) 38-- Gulf States Utilities Company Employees' Trustee Retirement Plan effective July 1, 1955 as amended, continued and completely restated effective January 1, 1989; and Amendment No.1 effective January 1, 1993 (10-6 to Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 1992 in 1- 2703). (d) 39-- Agreement and Plan of Reorganization, dated June 5, 1992, between GSU and Entergy Corporation (2 to Form 8- K, dated June 8, 1992 in 1-2703). +(d) 40-- Gulf States Utilities Company Employee Stock Ownership Plan, as amended, continued, and completely restated effective January 1, 1984, and January 1, 1985 (A to Form 11-K, dated December 31, 1985 in 1-2703). +(d) 41-- Trust Agreement under the Gulf States Utilities Company Employee Stock Ownership Plan, dated December 30, 1976, between GSU and the Louisiana National Bank, as Trustee (2-A to Registration No. 2-62395). +(d) 42-- Letter Agreement dated September 7, 1977 between GSU and the Trustee, delegating certain of the Trustee's functions to the ESOP Committee (2-B to Registration Statement No. 2-62395). +(d) 43-- Gulf States Utilities Company Employees Thrift Plan as amended, continued and completely restated effective as of January 1, 1992 (28-1 to Amendment No. 8 to Registration No. 2-76551). +(d) 44-- Restatement of Trust Agreement under the Gulf States Utilities Company Employees Thrift Plan, reflecting changes made through January 1, 1989, between GSU and First City Bank, Texas-Beaumont, N.A., (now Texas Commerce Bank ), as Trustee (2-A to Form 8-K dated October 20, 1989 in 1-2703). (d) 45-- Operating Agreement between Entergy Operations and GSU, dated as of December 31, 1993 (B-2(f) to Rule 24 Certificate in 70-8059). (d) 46-- Guarantee Agreement between Entergy Corporation and GSU, dated as of December 31, 1993 (B-5(a) to Rule 24 Certificate in 70-8059). (d) 47-- Service Agreement with Entergy Services, dated as of December 31, 1993 (B-6(c) to Rule 24 Certificate in 70-8059). +(d) 48-- Amendment to Employment Agreement between J. L. Donnelly and GSU, dated December 22, 1993 (10(d) 57 to Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 1993 in 1- 2703). (d) 49-- Assignment, Assumption and Amendment Agreement to Letter of Credit and Reimbursement Agreement between GSU, Canadian Imperial Bank of Commerce and Westpac Banking Corporation (10(d) 58 to Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 1993 in 1-2703). (d) 50-- Third Amendment, dated January 1, 1994, to Entergy Corporation and Subsidiary Companies Intercompany Income Tax Allocation Agreement (D-3(a) to Form U5S for the year ended December 31, 1993). (d) 51-- Refunding Agreement between GSU and West Feliciana Parish (dated December 20, 1994 (B-12(a) to Rule 24 Certificate dated December 30, 1994 in 70-8375). LP&L (e) 1 -- Agreement, dated April 23, 1982, among LP&L and certain other System companies, relating to System Planning and Development and Intra-System Transactions (10(a) 1 to Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 1982, in 1-3517). (e) 2 -- Middle South Utilities System Agency Agreement, dated December 11, 1970 (5(a)-2 in 2-41080). (e) 3 -- Amendment, dated as of February 10, 1971, to Middle South Utilities System Agency Agreement, dated December 11, 1970 (5(a)-4 in 2-41080). (e) 4 -- Amendment, dated May 12, 1988, to Middle South Utilities System Agency Agreement, dated December 11, 1970 (5(a) 4 in 2-41080). (e) 5 -- Middle South Utilities System Agency Coordination Agreement, dated December 11, 1970 (5(a)-3 in 2-41080). (e) 6 -- Service Agreement with Entergy Services, dated as of April 1, 1963 (5(a)-5 in 2-42523). (e) 7 -- Amendment, dated as of January 1, 1972, to Service Agreement with Entergy Services (4(a)-6 in 2-45916). (e) 8 -- Amendment, dated as of April 27, 1984, to Service Agreement with Entergy Services (10(a) 7 to Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 1984, in 1-3517). (e) 9 -- Amendment, dated as of August 1, 1988, to Service Agreement with Entergy Services (10(d)-8 to Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 1988, in 1-8474). (e) 10-- Amendment, dated January 1, 1991, to Service Agreement with Entergy Services (10(d)-9 to Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 1990, in 1-8474). (e) 11-- Amendment, dated January 1, 1992, to Service Agreement with Entergy Services (10(a)-11 to Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 1994 in 1-3517). (e) 12 through (e) 23-- See 10(a)-12 through 10(a)-23 above. (e) 24-- Fuel Lease, dated as of January 31, 1989, between River Fuel Company #2, Inc., and LP&L (B-1(b) to Rule 24 Certificate in 70-7580). (e) 25-- Reallocation Agreement, dated as of July 28, 1981, among System Energy and certain other System companies (B-1(a) in 70-6624). (e) 26-- Compromise and Settlement Agreement, dated June 4, 1982, between Texaco, Inc. and LP&L (28(a) to Form 8-K, dated June 4, 1982, in 1-8474). +(e) 27-- Post-Retirement Plan (10(c)23 to Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 1983, in 1-8474). (e) 28-- Unit Power Sales Agreement, dated as of June 10, 1982, between System Energy and AP&L, LP&L, MP&L and NOPSI (10(a) 39 to Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 1982, in 1-3517). (e) 29-- First Amendment to the Unit Power Sales Agreement, dated as of June 28, 1984, between System Energy and AP&L, LP&L, MP&L and NOPSI (19 to Form 10-Q for the quarter ended September 30, 1984, in 1-3517). (e) 30-- Revised Unit Power Sales Agreement (10(ss) in 33-4033). (e) 31-- Middle South Utilities, Inc. and Subsidiary Companies Intercompany Tax Allocation Agreement, dated April 28, 1988 (D-1 to Form U5S for the year ended December 31, 1987). (e) 32-- First Amendment, dated January 1, 1990, to the Middle South Utilities, Inc. and Subsidiary Companies Intercompany Income Tax Allocation Agreement, dated January 1, 1990 (D-2 to Form U5S for the year ended December 31, 1989). (e) 33-- Second Amendment dated January 1, 1992, to the Entergy Corporation and Subsidiary Companies Intercompany Income Tax Allocation Agreement (D-3 to Form U5S for the year ended December 31, 1992). (e) 34-- Third Amendment dated January 1, 1994 to Entergy Corporation and Subsidiary Companies Intercompany Income Tax Allocation Agreement (D-3(a) to Form U5S for the year ended December 31, 1993). (e) 35-- Contract for Disposal of Spent Nuclear Fuel and/or High-Level Radioactive Waste, dated February 2, 1984, among DOE, System Fuels and LP&L (10(d)33 to Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 1984, in 1-8474). (e) 36-- Operating Agreement between Entergy Operations and LP&L, dated as of June 6, 1990 (B-2(c) to Rule 24 Certificate, dated June 15, 1990, in 70-7679). (e) 37-- Guarantee Agreement between Entergy Corporation and LP&L, dated as of September 20, 1990 (B-2(a), to Rule 24 Certificate, dated September 27, 1990, in 70-7757). +(e) 38-- Executive Financial Counseling Program of Entergy Corporation and Subsidiaries (10(a) 52 to Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 1989, in 1-3517). +(e) 39-- Entergy Corporation Annual Incentive Plan (10(a) 54 to Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 1989, in 1-3517). +(e) 40-- Equity Ownership Plan of Entergy Corporation and Subsidiaries (A-4(a) to Rule 24 Certificate, dated May 24, 1991, in 70-7831). +(e) 41-- Supplemental Retirement Plan (10(a) 69 to Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 1992 in 1-3517). +(e) 42-- Defined Contribution Restoration Plan of Entergy Corporation and Subsidiaries (10(a) 53 to Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 1989 in 1-3517). +(e) 43-- Amendment No. 1 to the Equity Ownership Plan of Entergy Corporation and Subsidiaries (10(a) 71 to Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 1992 in 1-3517). +(e) 44-- Executive Disability Plan of Entergy Corporation and Subsidiaries (10(a) 72 to Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 1992 in 1-3517). +(e) 45-- Executive Medical Plan of Entergy Corporation and Subsidiaries (10(a) 73 to Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 1992 in 1-3517). +(e) 46-- Stock Plan for Outside Directors of Entergy Corporation and Subsidiaries (10(a) 74 to Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 1992 in 1-3517). +(e) 47-- Summary Description of Private Ownership Vehicle Plan of Entergy Corporation and Subsidiaries (10(a) 75 to Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 1992 in 1-3517). +(e) 48-- Agreement between Entergy Corporation and Edwin Lupberger (10(a) 42 to Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 1985 in 1-3517). +(e) 49-- Agreement between Entergy Corporation and Jerry D. Jackson (10(a) 68 to Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 1992 in 1-3517). +(e) 50-- Agreement between Entergy Services and Gerald D. McInvale (10(a) 69 to Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 1992 in 1-3517). +(e) 51-- Agreement between System Energy and Donald C. Hintz (10(b) 47 to Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 1991 in 1-9067). +(e) 52-- Summary Description of Retired Outside Director Benefit Plan (10(c)90 to Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 1992 in 1-10764). +(e) 53-- Amendment to Defined Contribution Restoration Plan of Entergy Corporation and Subsidiaries (10(a) 81 to Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 1993 in 1-11299). +(e) 54-- System Executive Retirement Plan (10(a) 82 to Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 1993 in 1-11299). (e) 55-- Installment Sale Agreement, dated July 20, 1994, between LP&L and St. Charles Parish, Louisiana (B-6(e) to Rule 24 Certificate dated August 1, 1994 in 70-7822). (e) 56-- Installment Sale Agreement, dated November 1, 1995, between LP&L and St. Charles Parish, Louisiana (B- 6(a) to Rule 24 Certificate dated December 19, 1995 in 70- 8487). MP&L (f) 1 -- Agreement dated April 23, 1982, among MP&L and certain other System companies, relating to System Planning and Development and Intra-System Transactions (10(a) 1 to Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 1982, in 1-3517). (f) 2 -- Middle South Utilities System Agency Agreement, dated December 11, 1970 (5(a)-2 in 2-41080). (f) 3 -- Amendment, dated February 10, 1971, to Middle South Utilities System Agency Agreement, dated December 11, 1970 (5(a) 4 in 2-41080). (f) 4 -- Amendment, dated May 12, 1988, to Middle South Utilities System Agency Agreement, dated December 11, 1970 (5(a) 4 in 2-41080). (f) 5 -- Middle South Utilities System Agency Coordination Agreement, dated December 11, 1970 (5(a)-3 in 2-41080). (f) 6 -- Service Agreement with Entergy Services, dated as of April 1, 1963 (D in 37-63). (f) 7 -- Amendment, dated January 1, 1972, to Service Agreement with Entergy Services (A to Notice, dated October 14, 1971, in 37-63). (f) 8 -- Amendment, dated April 27, 1984, to Service Agreement with Entergy Services (10(a) 7 to Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 1984, in 1-3517). (f) 9 -- Amendment, dated as of August 1, 1988, to Service Agreement with Entergy Services (10(e) 8 to Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 1988, in 0-320). (f) 10-- Amendment, dated January 1, 1991, to Service Agreement with Entergy Services (10(e) 9 to Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 1990, in 0-320). (f) 11-- Amendment, dated January 1, 1992, to Service Agreement with Entergy Services (10(a)-11 to Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 1994 in 1-3517). (f) 12 though (f) 23-- See 10(a)-12 - 10(a)-23 above. (f) 24-- Installment Sale Agreement, dated as of June 1, 1974, between MP&L and Washington County, Mississippi (B- 2(a) to Rule 24 Certificate, dated August 1, 1974, in 70- 5504). (f) 25-- Installment Sale Agreement, dated as of July 1, 1982, between MP&L and Independence County, Arkansas, (B- 1(c) to Rule 24 Certificate dated July 21, 1982, in 70- 6672). (f) 26-- Installment Sale Agreement, dated as of December 1, 1982, between MP&L and Independence County, Arkansas, (B-1(d) to Rule 24 Certificate dated December 7, 1982, in 70-6672). (f) 27-- Amended and Restated Installment Sale Agreement, dated as of April 1, 1994, between MP&L and Warren County, Mississippi, (B-6(a) to Rule 24 Certificate dated May 4, 1994, in 70-7914). (f) 28-- Amended and Restated Installment Sale Agreement, dated as of April 1, 1994, between MP&L and Washington County, Mississippi, (B-6(b) to Rule 24 Certificate dated May 4, 1994, in 70-7914). (f) 29-- Substitute Power Agreement, dated as of May 1, 1980, among MP&L, System Energy and SMEPA (B-3(a) in 70-6337). (f) 30-- Amendment, dated December 4, 1984, to the Independence Steam Electric Station Operating Agreement (10(c) 51 to Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 1984, in 0-375). (f) 31-- Amendment, dated December 4, 1984, to the Independence Steam Electric Station Ownership Agreement (10(c) 54 to Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 1984, in 0-375). (f) 32-- Owners Agreement, dated November 28, 1984, among AP&L, MP&L and other co- owners of the Independence Station (10(c) 55 to Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 1984, in 0-375). (f) 33-- Consent, Agreement and Assumption, dated December 4, 1984, among AP&L, MP&L, other co-owners of the Independence Station and United States Trust Company of New York, as Trustee (10(c) 56 to Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 1984, in 0-375). (f) 34-- Reallocation Agreement, dated as of July 28, 1981, among System Energy and certain other System companies (B-1(a) in 70-6624). +(f) 35-- Post-Retirement Plan (10(d) 24 to Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 1983, in 0-320). (f) 36-- Unit Power Sales Agreement, dated as of June 10, 1982, between System Energy and AP&L, LP&L, MP&L, and NOPSI (10(a) 39 to Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 1982, in 1-3517). (f) 37-- First Amendment to the Unit Power Sales Agreement, dated as of June 28, 1984, between System Energy and AP&L, LP&L, MP&L, and NOPSI (19 to Form 10-Q for the quarter ended September 30, 1984, in 1-3517). (f) 38-- Revised Unit Power Sales Agreement (10(ss) in 33-4033). (f) 39-- Sales Agreement, dated as of June 21, 1974, between System Energy and MP&L (D to Rule 24 Certificate, dated June 26, 1974, in 70-5399). (f) 40-- Service Agreement, dated as of June 21, 1974, between System Energy and MP&L (E to Rule 24 Certificate, dated June 26, 1974, in 70-5399). (f) 41-- Partial Termination Agreement, dated as of December 1, 1986, between System Energy and MP&L (A-2 to Rule 24 Certificate dated January 8, 1987, in 70-5399). (f) 42-- Middle South Utilities, Inc. and Subsidiary Companies Intercompany Income Tax Allocation Agreement, dated April 28, 1988 (D-1 to Form U5S for the year ended December 31, 1987). (f) 43-- First Amendment dated January 1, 1990 to the Middle South Utilities Inc. and Subsidiary Companies Intercompany Tax Allocation Agreement (D-2 to Form U5S for the year ended December 31, 1989). (f) 44-- Second Amendment dated January 1, 1992, to the Entergy Corporation and Subsidiary Companies Intercompany Income Tax Allocation Agreement (D-3 to Form U5S for the year ended December 31, 1992). (f) 45-- Third Amendment dated January 1, 1994 to Entergy Corporation and Subsidiary Companies Intercompany Income Tax Allocation Agreement (D-3(a) to Form U5S for the year ended December 31, 1993). +(f) 46-- Executive Financial Counseling Program of Entergy Corporation and Subsidiaries (10(a) 52 to Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 1989, in 1-3517). +(f) 47-- Entergy Corporation Annual Incentive Plan (10(a) 54 to Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 1989, in 1-3517). +(f) 48-- Equity Ownership Plan of Entergy Corporation and Subsidiaries (A-4(a) to Rule 24 Certificate, dated May 24, 1991, in 70-7831). +(f) 49-- Supplemental Retirement Plan (10(a)69 to Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 1992 in 1-3517). +(f) 50-- Defined Contribution Restoration Plan of Entergy Corporation and Subsidiaries (10(a)53 to Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 1989 in 1-3517). +(f) 51-- Amendment No. 1 to the Equity Ownership Plan of Entergy Corporation and Subsidiaries (10(a)71 to Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 1992 in 1-3517). +(f) 52-- Executive Disability Plan of Entergy Corporation and Subsidiaries (10(a)72 to Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 1992 in 1-3517). +(f) 53-- Executive Medical Plan of Entergy Corporation and Subsidiaries (10(a)73 to Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 1992 in 1-3517). +(f) 54-- Stock Plan for Outside Directors of Entergy Corporation and Subsidiaries, as amended (10(a)74 to Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 1992 in 1-3517). +(f) 55-- Summary Description of Private Ownership Vehicle Plan of Entergy Corporation and Subsidiaries (10(a)75 to Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 1992 in 1-3517). +(f) 56-- Agreement between Entergy Corporation and Edwin Lupberger (10(a)-42 to Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 1985 in 1-3517). +(f) 57-- Agreement between Entergy Corporation and Jerry D. Jackson (10(a)-68 to Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 1992 in 1-3517). +(f) 58-- Agreement between Entergy Services and Gerald D. McInvale (10(a)-69 to Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 1992 in 1-3517). +(f) 59-- Agreement between System Energy and Donald C. Hintz (10(b)-47 to Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 1991 in 1-9067). +(f) 60-- Summary Description of Retired Outside Director Benefit Plan (10(c)-90 to Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 1992 in 1-10764). +(f) 61-- Amendment to Defined Contribution Restoration Plan of Entergy Corporation and Subsidiaries (10(a) 81 to Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 1993 in 1-11299). +(f) 62-- System Executive Retirement Plan (10(a) 82 to Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 1993 in 1-11299). NOPSI (g) 1 -- Agreement, dated April 23, 1982, among NOPSI and certain other System companies, relating to System Planning and Development and Intra-System Transactions (10(a)-1 to Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 1982, in 1-3517). (g) 2 -- Middle South Utilities System Agency Agreement, dated December 11, 1970 (5(a)-2 in 2-41080). (g) 3 -- Amendment dated as of February 10, 1971, to Middle South Utilities System Agency Agreement, dated December 11, 1970 (5(a)-4 in 2-41080). (g) 4 -- Amendment, dated May 12, 1988, to Middle South Utilities System Agency Agreement, dated December 11, 1970 (5(a) 4 in 2-41080). (g) 5 -- Middle South Utilities System Agency Coordination Agreement, dated December 11, 1970 (5(a)-3 in 2-41080). (g) 6 -- Service Agreement with Entergy Services dated as of April 1, 1963 (5(a)-5 in 2-42523). (g) 7 -- Amendment, dated as of January 1, 1972, to Service Agreement with Entergy Services (4(a)-6 in 2-45916). (g) 8 -- Amendment, dated as of April 27, 1984, to Service Agreement with Entergy Services (10(a)7 to Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 1984, in 1-3517). (g) 9 -- Amendment, dated as of August 1, 1988, to Service Agreement with Entergy Services (10(f)-8 to Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 1988, in 0-5807). (g) 10-- Amendment, dated January 1, 1991, to Service Agreement with Entergy Services (10(f)-9 to Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 1990, in 0-5807). (g) 11-- Amendment, dated January 1, 1992, to Service Agreement with Entergy Services (10(a)-11 to Form 10-K for year ended December 31, 1994 in 1-3517). (g) 12 (g) 23-- See 10(a)-12 - 10(a)-23 above. (g) 24-- Reallocation Agreement, dated as of July 28, 1981, among System Energy and certain other System companies (B-1(a) in 70-6624). +(g) 25-- Post-Retirement Plan (10(e) 22 to Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 1983, in 1-1319). (g) 26-- Unit Power Sales Agreement, dated as of June 10, 1982, between System Energy and AP&L, LP&L, MP&L and NOPSI (10(a) 39 to Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 1982, in 1-3517). (g) 27-- First Amendment to the Unit Power Sales Agreement, dated as of June 28, 1984, between System Energy and AP&L, LP&L, MP&L and NOPSI (19 to Form 10-Q for the quarter ended September 30, 1984, in 1-3517). (g) 28-- Revised Unit Power Sales Agreement (10(ss) in 33-4033). (g) 29-- Transfer Agreement, dated as of June 28, 1983, among the City of New Orleans, NOPSI and Regional Transit Authority (2(a) to Form 8-K, dated June 24, 1983, in 1-1319). (g) 30-- Middle South Utilities, Inc. and Subsidiary Companies Intercompany Income Tax Allocation Agreement, dated April 28, 1988 (D-1 to Form U5S for the year ended December 31, 1987). (g) 31-- First Amendment, dated January 1, 1990, to the Middle South Utilities, Inc. and Subsidiary Companies Intercompany Income Tax Allocation Agreement (D-2 to Form U5S for the year ended December 31, 1989). (g) 32-- Second Amendment dated January 1, 1992, to the Entergy Corporation and Subsidiary Companies Intercompany Income Tax Allocation Agreement (D-3 to Form U5S for the year ended December 31, 1992). (g) 33-- Third Amendment dated January 1, 1994 to Entergy Corporation and Subsidiary Companies Intercompany Income Tax Allocation Agreement (D-3(a) to Form U5S for the year ended December 31, 1993). +(g) 34-- Executive Financial Counseling Program of Entergy Corporation and Subsidiaries (10(a)52 to Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 1989, in 1-3517). +(g) 35-- Entergy Corporation Annual Incentive Plan (10(a)54 to Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 1989, in 1-3517). +(g) 36-- Equity Ownership Plan of Entergy Corporation and Subsidiaries (A-4(a) to Rule 24 Certificate, dated May 24, 1991, in 70-7831). +(g) 37-- Supplemental Retirement Plan (10(a)69 to Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 1992 in 1-3517). +(g) 38-- Defined Contribution Restoration Plan of Entergy Corporation and Subsidiaries (10(a)53 to Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 1989 in 1-3517). +(g) 39-- Amendment No. 1 to the Equity Ownership Plan of Entergy Corporation and Subsidiaries (10(a)71 to Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 1992 in 1-3517). +(g) 40-- Executive Disability Plan of Entergy Corporation and Subsidiaries (10(a)72 to Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 1992 in 1-3517). +(g) 41-- Executive Medical Plan of Entergy Corporation and Subsidiaries (10(a)73 to Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 1992 in 1-3517). +(g) 42-- Stock Plan for Outside Directors of Entergy Corporation and Subsidiaries, as amended (10(a)74 to Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 1992 in 1-3517). +(g) 43-- Summary Description of Private Ownership Vehicle Plan of Entergy Corporation and Subsidiaries (10(a)75 to Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 1992 in 1-3517). +(g) 44-- Agreement between Entergy Corporation and Edwin Lupberger (10(a)-42 to Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 1985 in 1-3517). +(g) 45-- Agreement between Entergy Corporation and Jerry D. Jackson (10(a)-68 to Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 1992 in 1-3517). +(g) 46-- Agreement between Entergy Services and Gerald D. McInvale (10(a)-69 to Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 1992 in 1-3517). +(g) 47-- Agreement between System Energy and Donald C. Hintz (10(b)-47 to Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 1991 in 1-9067). +(g) 48-- Summary Description of Retired Outside Director Benefit Plan (10(c)-90 to Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 1992 in 1-10764). +(g) 49-- Amendment to Defined Contribution Restoration Plan of Entergy Corporation and Subsidiaries (10(a) 81 to Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 1993 in 1-11299). +(g) 50-- System Executive Retirement Plan (10(a) 82 to Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 1993 in 1-11299). (12) Statement Re Computation of Ratios *(a) AP&L's Computation of Ratios of Earnings to Fixed Charges and of Earnings to Fixed Charges and Preferred Dividends, as defined. *(b) GSU's Computation of Ratios of Earnings to Fixed Charges and of Earnings to Fixed Charges and Preferred Dividends, as defined. *(c) LP&L's Computation of Ratios of Earnings to Fixed Charges and of Earnings to Fixed Charges and Preferred Dividends, as defined. *(d) MP&L's Computation of Ratios of Earnings to Fixed Charges and of Earnings to Fixed Charges and Preferred Dividends, as defined. *(e) NOPSI's Computation of Ratios of Earnings to Fixed Charges and of Earnings to Fixed Charges and Preferred Dividends, as defined. *(f) System Energy's Computation of Ratios of Earnings to Fixed Charges, as defined. (18) Letter Re Change in Accounting Principles *(a) Letter from Coopers & Lybrand L.L.P. regarding change in accounting principles for AP&L. *(b) Letter from Coopers & Lybrand L.L.P. regarding change in accounting principles for Entergy. *(21) Subsidiaries of the Registrants (23) Consents of Experts and Counsel *(a) The consent of Coopers & Lybrand L.L.P. is contained herein at page 214. *(b) The consent of Deloitte & Touche LLP is contained herein at page 215. *(c) The consent of Clark, Thomas & Winters is contained herein at page 216. *(d) The consent of Sandlin Associates is contained herein at page 217. *(24) Powers of Attorney (27) Financial Data Schedule *(a) Financial Data Schedule for Entergy Corporation and Subsidiaries as of December 31, 1995. *(b) Financial Data Schedule for AP&L as of December 31, 1995. *(c) Financial Data Schedule for GSU as of December 31, 1995. *(d) Financial Data Schedule for LP&L as of December 31, 1995. *(e) Financial Data Schedule for MP&L as of December 31, 1995. *(f) Financial Data Schedule for NOPSI as of December 31, 1995. *(g) Financial Data Schedule for System Energy as of December 31, 1995. (99) Additional Exhibits GSU (a) 1 Opinion of Clark, Thomas & Winters, a professional corporation, dated September 30, 1992 regarding the effect of the October 1, 1991 judgment in GSU v. PUCT in the District Court of Travis County, Texas (99-1 in Registration No. 33-48889). (a) 2 Opinion of Clark, Thomas & Winters, a professional corporation, dated August 8, 1994 regarding recovery of costs deferred purusant to PUCT order in Docket 6525 (99 (j) to Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended June 30, 1994 in No. 1-2703). *(a) 3 Opinion of Clark, Thomas & Winters, a professional corporation, confirming its opinions dated September 30, 1992 and August 8, 1994. _________________ * Filed herewith. + Management contracts or compensatory plans or arrangements.
                                                 Exhibit 3(i)(f)1
                                
               RESTATED ARTICLES OF INCORPORATION
                                
                               OF

                MISSISSIPPI POWER & LIGHT COMPANY


    Pursuant  to  the provisio