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                               UNITED STATES
                    SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
                          Washington, D.C. 20549
                                     
                                 FORM 10-K
(Mark One)
    X     ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF
          THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

          For the Fiscal Year Ended December 31, 1997

                    OR

          TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13
          OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

          For the transition period from ____________ to ____________

Commission      Registrant, State of Incorporation,    IRS Employer
File Number     Address of Principal Executive         Identification No.
                Offices and Telephone Number           

1-11299         ENTERGY CORPORATION                    72-1229752
                (a Delaware corporation)               
                639 Loyola Avenue                      
                New Orleans, Louisiana 70113           
                Telephone (504) 529-5262               
                                                       
1-10764         ENTERGY ARKANSAS, INC.                 71-0005900
                (an Arkansas corporation)              
                425 West Capitol Avenue, 40th Floor    
                Little Rock, Arkansas 72201            
                Telephone (501) 377-4000               
                                                       
1-2703          ENTERGY GULF STATES, INC.              74-0662730
                (a Texas corporation)                  
                350 Pine Street                        
                Beaumont, Texas  77701                 
                Telephone (409) 838-6631               
                                                       
1-8474          ENTERGY LOUISIANA, INC.                72-0245590
                (a Louisiana corporation)              
                639 Loyola Avenue                      
                New Orleans, Louisiana 70113           
                Telephone (504) 529-5262               
                                                       
0-320           ENTERGY MISSISSIPPI, INC.              64-0205830
                (a Mississippi corporation)            
                308 East Pearl Street                  
                Jackson, Mississippi 39201             
                Telephone (601) 368-5000               
                                                       
0-5807          ENTERGY NEW ORLEANS, INC.              72-0273040
                (a Louisiana corporation)              
                639 Loyola Avenue                      
                New Orleans, Louisiana 70113           
                Telephone (504) 529-5262               
                                                       
1-9067          SYSTEM ENERGY RESOURCES, INC.          72-0752777
                (an Arkansas corporation)              
                Echelon One                            
                1340 Echelon Parkway                   
                Jackson, Mississippi 39213             
                Telephone (601) 368-5000               
                                                       
333-33331       ENTERGY LONDON INVESTMENTS PLC         N/A
                (England and Wales)                    
                Templar House                          
                81-87 High Holborn                     
                London WC1V 6NU England                
                Telephone 011-44-171-242-9050          
___________________________________________________________________________



Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act: Name of Each Exchange Registrant Title of Class on Which Registered Entergy Corporation Common Stock, $0.01 Par Value - 245,880,306 New York Stock Exchange, Inc. Shares outstanding at February 27, 1998 Chicago Stock Exchange Inc. Pacific Exchange Inc. Entergy Arkansas Capital I 8-1/2% Cumulative Quarterly Income Preferred New York Stock Exchange, Inc. Securities, Series A Entergy Gulf States, Inc. Preferred Stock, Cumulative, $100 Par Value: $4.40 Dividend Series New York Stock Exchange, Inc. $4.52 Dividend Series New York Stock Exchange, Inc. $5.08 Dividend Series New York Stock Exchange, Inc. $8.80 Dividend Series New York Stock Exchange, Inc. Adjustable Rate Series B (Depository Receipts) New York Stock Exchange, Inc. Preference Stock, Cumulative, without Par Value New York Stock Exchange, Inc. $1.75 Dividend Series Entergy Gulf States Capital I 8.75% Cumulative Quarterly Income Preferred New York Stock Exchange, Inc. Securities, Series A Entergy Louisiana Capital I 9% Cumulative Quarterly Income Preferred New York Stock Exchange, Inc. Securities, Series A Entergy London Capital, L.P. 8-5/8% Cumulative Quarterly Income Preferred New York Stock Exchange, Inc. Securities, Series A
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act: Registrant Title of Class Entergy Arkansas, Inc. Preferred Stock, Cumulative, $100 Par Value Preferred Stock, Cumulative, $25 Par Value Preferred Stock, Cumulative, $0.01 Par Value Entergy Gulf States, Inc. Preferred Stock, Cumulative, $100 Par Value Entergy Louisiana, Inc. Preferred Stock, Cumulative, $100 Par Value Preferred Stock, Cumulative, $25 Par Value Entergy Mississippi, Inc. Preferred Stock, Cumulative, $100 Par Value Entergy New Orleans, Inc. Preferred Stock, Cumulative, $100 Par Value Indicate by check mark whether the registrants (1) have filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrants were required to file such reports), and (2) have been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes X No ____ Indicate by check mark if disclosure of delinquent filers pursuant to Item 405 of Regulation S-K is not contained herein, and will not be contained, to the best of the registrants' knowledge, in definitive proxy or information statements incorporated by reference in Part III of this Form 10-K or any amendment to this Form 10-K. [ ] The aggregate market value of Entergy Corporation Common Stock, $0.01 Par Value, held by non-affiliates, was $7.1 billion based on the reported last sale price of such stock on the New York Stock Exchange on February 27, 1998. Entergy Corporation is directly or indirectly the sole holder of the common stock of Entergy Arkansas, Inc., Entergy Gulf States, Inc., Entergy Louisiana, Inc., Entergy Mississippi, Inc., Entergy New Orleans, Inc., System Energy Resources, Inc., and Entergy London Investments plc. DOCUMENTS INCORPORATED BY REFERENCE Portions of the Proxy Statement of Entergy Corporation to be filed in connection with its Annual Meeting of Stockholders, to be held May 15, 1998, are incorporated by reference into Parts I and III hereof. TABLE OF CONTENTS Page Number Definitions i Part I Item 1. Business 1 Item 2. Properties 35 Item 3. Legal Proceedings 35 Item 4. Submission of Matters to a Vote of Security Holders 35 Directors and Executive Officers of Entergy Corporation 36 Part II Item 5. Market for Registrants' Common Equity and Related Stockholder Matters 41 Item 6. Selected Financial Data 42 Item 7. Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations 43 Item 7A. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk 43 Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data 44 Item 9. Changes in and Disagreements with Accountants on Accounting and Financial Disclosure 223 Part III Item 10. Directors and Executive Officers of the Registrants 223 Item 11. Executive Compensation 227 Item 12. Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management 234 Item 13. Certain Relationships and Related Transactions 238 Part IV Item 14. Exhibits, Financial Statement Schedules, and Reports on Form 8-K 239 Signatures 240 Report of Independent Accountants on Financial Statement Schedules 249 Index to Financial Statement Schedules S-1 Exhibit Index E-1 This combined Form 10-K is separately filed by Entergy Corporation, Entergy Arkansas, Inc., Entergy Gulf States, Inc., Entergy Louisiana, Inc., Entergy Mississippi, Inc., Entergy New Orleans, Inc., System Energy Resources, Inc., and Entergy London Investments plc. Information contained herein relating to any individual company is filed by such company on its own behalf. Each company makes representations only as to itself and makes no other representations whatsoever as to any other company. This report should be read in its entirety. No one section of the report deals with all aspects of the subject matter. EXCHANGE RATES For the convenience of the reader, this Form 10-K contains translations of certain British pounds sterling (BPS) amounts into U.S. dollars at specified rates, or, if not so specified, the noon buying rate in New York City for cable transfers in BPS as certified for customs purposes by the Federal Reserve Bank of New York (the "Noon Buying Rate") on December 31, 1997 of $1.6454 = BPS1.00. No representation is made that the BPS amounts have been, could have been or could be converted into U.S. dollars at the rates indicated or at any other rates. The following table sets out, for the periods indicated, certain information concerning the exchange rates between BPS and U.S. dollars based on the Noon Buying Rate in New York City for cable transfers in pounds sterling as certified for customs purposes by the Federal Reserve Bank of New York. Fiscal Year Ending (1) Period End Average(2) High Low ($ per BPS1.00) March 31, 1994 1.49 1.50 1.57 1.48 March 31, 1995 1.62 1.57 1.64 1.51 March 31, 1996 1.53 1.56 1.61 1.51 Period from April 1, 1996 to 1.60 1.58 1.71 1.49 January 31, 1997 December 31, 1997 1.65 1.64 1.71 1.58 (1) London Electricity plc, the predecessor company of Entergy London Investments plc (Entergy London), had a fiscal year ending March 31 and Entergy London, the successor company, has a fiscal year ending December 31. Effective February 1, 1997, Entergy London acquired London Electricity plc. (2) The average of the Noon Buying Rates in effect on the last business day of each month during the relevant period. FORWARD LOOKING STATEMENTS Investors are cautioned that forward-looking statements contained herein with respect to the revenues, earnings, competitive performance, or other prospects for the business of Entergy Corporation, Entergy Arkansas, Entergy Gulf States, Entergy Louisiana, Entergy Mississippi, Entergy New Orleans, System Energy, Entergy London, or their affiliated companies may be influenced by factors that could cause actual outcomes and results to be materially different than projected. Such factors include, but are not limited to, the effects of weather, the performance of generating units, fuel prices and availability, regulatory decisions and the effects of changes in law, capital spending requirements, the evolution of competition, changes in accounting standards, and other factors. DEFINITIONS Certain abbreviations or acronyms used in the text and notes are defined below: Abbreviation or Acronym Term AFUDC Allowance for Funds Used During Construction Algiers 15th Ward of the City of New Orleans, Louisiana ALJ Administrative Law Judge ANO 1 and 2 Units 1 and 2 of Arkansas Nuclear One Steam Electric Generating Station (nuclear), owned by Entergy Arkansas APB Accounting Principles Board APSC Arkansas Public Service Commission Arkansas Cities and Cooperatives Cities of Benton, North Little Rock, Prescott and Osceola; the Conway Corporation, the West Memphis Utilities Commission and the Farmers' Electric Cooperative Availability Agreement Agreement, dated as of June 21, 1974, as amended, among System Energy and Entergy Arkansas, Entergy Louisiana, Entergy Mississippi, and Entergy New Orleans, and the assignments thereof BPS British pounds sterling Cajun Cajun Electric Power Cooperative, Inc. (currently in chapter 11 bankruptcy reorganization) Capital Funds Agreement Agreement, dated as of June 21, 1974, as amended, between System Energy and Entergy Corporation, and the assignments thereof CitiPower CitiPower Pty. Council Council of the City of New Orleans, Louisiana D.C. Circuit United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit DOE United States Department of Energy domestic utility companies Entergy Arkansas, Entergy Gulf States, Entergy Louisiana, Entergy Mississippi, and Entergy New Orleans, collectively EMF Electromagnetic fields EPA Environmental Protection Agency EPAct Energy Policy Act of 1992 EPDC Entergy Power Development Corporation EPMC Entergy Power Marketing Corp. ETC Exempt telecommunications company under PUHCA ETHC Entergy Technology Holding Company EWG Exempt wholesale generator under PUHCA Electricity Act Electricity Act 1989 Electricity Pool Wholesale electricity market in England and Wales Entergy Entergy Corporation and its various direct and indirect subsidiaries Entergy Arkansas Entergy Arkansas, Inc., formerly Arkansas Power & Light Company Entergy Corporation Entergy Corporation, a Delaware corporation, successor to Entergy Corporation, a Florida corporation Entergy Enterprises Entergy Enterprises, Inc. Entergy Gulf States Entergy Gulf States, Inc., formerly Gulf States Utilities Company (including wholly owned subsidiaries - Varibus Corporation, GSG&T, Inc., Prudential Oil & Gas, Inc., and Southern Gulf Railway Company) Entergy London Entergy London Investments plc, formerly Entergy Power UK plc (including its wholly owned subsidiary, London Electricity plc) Entergy Louisiana Entergy Louisiana, Inc., formerly Louisiana Power & Light Company DEFINITIONS (Continued) Abbreviation or Acronym Term Entergy Mississippi Entergy Mississippi, Inc., formerly Mississippi Power & Light Company Entergy New Orleans Entergy New Orleans, Inc., formerly New Orleans Public Service Inc. Entergy Operations Entergy Operations, Inc. Entergy Power Entergy Power, Inc. Entergy Services Entergy Services, Inc. FASB Financial Accounting Standards Board FERC Federal Energy Regulatory Commission FUCO an exempt foreign utility company under PUHCA G&R Mortgage Bonds General and Refunding Mortgage Bonds Grand Gulf 1 and 2 Units 1 and 2 of Grand Gulf Steam Electric Generating Station (nuclear), 90% owned by System Energy GWH one million kilowatt-hours Independence Independence Steam Electric Station (coal), owned 16% by Entergy Arkansas, 25% by Entergy Mississippi, and 11% by Entergy Power IRS Internal Revenue Service KPL Kingsnorth Power Ltd. KV kilovolt KW kilowatt KWH kilowatt-hour(s) London Electricity London Electricity plc - a regional electric company serving London, England, which was acquired by Entergy London Investments plc effective February 1, 1997 LDEQ Louisiana Department of Environmental Quality LPSC Louisiana Public Service Commission MCF 1,000 cubic feet of gas Merger The combination transaction, consummated on December 31, 1993, by which Entergy Gulf States became a subsidiary of Entergy Corporation and Entergy Corporation became a Delaware corporation MGP Manufactured gas plant MCEQ Mississippi Commission on Environmental Quality MMC UK Monopolies and Mergers Commission MPSC Mississippi Public Service Commission MW Megawatt(s) N/A Not applicable Nelson Unit 6 Unit No. 6 (coal) of the Nelson Steam Electric Generating Station, owned 70% by Entergy Gulf States NISCO Nelson Industrial Steam Company 1991 NOPSI Settlement Agreement, retroactive to October 4, 1991, among Entergy New Orleans, the Council, and the Alliance for Affordable Energy, Inc. (local consumer advocate group), which settled certain Grand Gulf 1 prudence issues and certain litigation related to the resolution adopted by the Council on February 4, 1988, disallowing Entergy New Orleans' recovery of $135 million of previously deferred Grand Gulf 1-related costs 1994 NOPSI Settlement Settlement effective January 1, 1995, between Entergy New Orleans and the Council in which Entergy New Orleans agreed to implement a permanent reduction in electric and gas rates and resolve disputes with the Council in the interpretation of the 1991 NOPSI Settlement DEFINITIONS (Concluded) Abbreviation or Acronym Term NPL Superfund National Priorities List NRC Nuclear Regulatory Commission PES License Public Electricity Supply License in the UK PRP Potentially Responsible Party (a person or entity that may be responsible for remediation of environmental contamination) PUCT Public Utility Commission of Texas PUHCA Public Utility Holding Company Act of 1935, as amended PURPA Public Utility Regulatory Policies Act of 1978 Rate Cap The level of Entergy Gulf States' retail electric base rates in effect at December 31, 1993, for the Louisiana retail jurisdiction, and the level of such rates in effect prior to the settlement agreement with the PUCT on July 21, 1994, for the Texas retail jurisdiction, which may not be exceeded before December 31, 1998 Reallocation Agreement 1981 Agreement, superseded in part by a June 13, 1985 decision of FERC, among Entergy Arkansas, Entergy Louisiana, Entergy Mississippi, Entergy New Orleans, and System Energy relating to the sale of capacity and energy from Grand Gulf REC Regional Electricity Company - UK Regulator Director General of Electricity Supply for the UK Ritchie 2 Unit 2 of the R. E. Ritchie Steam Electric Generating Station (gas/oil) River Bend River Bend Steam Electric Generating Station (nuclear) RUS Rural Utility Services (formerly the Rural Electrification Administration or "REA") SCC Saltend Cogeneration Company SEC Securities and Exchange Commission SFAS Statement of Financial Accounting Standards, promulgated by the Financial Accounting Standards Board SMEPA South Mississippi Electric Power Agency System Agreement Agreement, effective January 1, 1983, as modified, among the domestic utility companies relating to the sharing of generating capacity and other power resources System Energy System Energy Resources, Inc. System Fuels System Fuels, Inc. UK The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland Unit Power Sales Agreement Agreement, dated as of June 10, 1982, as amended and approved by FERC, among Entergy Arkansas, Entergy Louisiana, Entergy Mississippi, Entergy New Orleans, and System Energy, relating to the sale of capacity and energy from System Energy's share of Grand Gulf 1 Waterford 3 Unit No. 3 (nuclear) of the Waterford Steam Electric Generating Station, owned 90.7% by Entergy Louisiana. The remaining 9.3% undivided interest is leased by Entergy Louisiana. White Bluff White Bluff Steam Electric Generating Station 57% owned by Entergy Arkansas PART I Item 1. Business BUSINESS OF ENTERGY General Entergy Corporation is a Delaware corporation which, through its direct and indirect subsidiaries, engages in the domestic and foreign electric utility business, other domestic and foreign energy-related enterprises, and telecommunications-based businesses. It has no significant assets other than the stock of its subsidiaries. Entergy Corporation is registered as a public utility holding company under PUHCA. As such, Entergy Corporation and its various direct and indirect subsidiaries (with the exception of its EWG, FUCO, and ETC subsidiaries) are subject to the broad regulatory provisions of PUHCA. PUHCA historically limited the operations of registered holding companies to a single, integrated public utility system and functionally related activities. However, more recently, PUHCA has been amended or interpreted to permit limited entry by registered public utility holding companies into domestic and foreign electric generation ventures, foreign utility ownership, telecommunications and information service businesses, and other domestic energy related businesses. Domestic Operations and Investments Entergy Corporation has five wholly-owned domestic retail electric utility subsidiaries: Entergy Arkansas, Entergy Gulf States, Entergy Louisiana, Entergy Mississippi, and Entergy New Orleans. As of December 31, 1997, these utility companies provided retail electric service to approximately 2.5 million customers primarily in portions of the states of Arkansas, Louisiana, Mississippi, and Texas. In addition, Entergy Gulf States furnishes natural gas utility service in and around Baton Rouge, Louisiana, and Entergy New Orleans furnishes natural gas utility service in New Orleans, Louisiana. The business of the domestic utility companies is subject to seasonal fluctuations, with the peak sales period occurring during the third quarter of each year. During 1997, the domestic utility companies' combined retail electric sales as a percentage of total electric sales were: residential - 26.5%; commercial - 20.3%; and industrial - 41.8%. Retail electric revenues from these sectors as a percentage of total electric revenues were: residential - 35.1%; commercial - 24.4%; and industrial - 31.2%. Sales to governmental and municipal sectors and to nonaffiliated utilities accounted for the balance of energy sales. The major industrial customers of the domestic utility companies are in the chemical processing, petroleum refining, paper products, and food products industries. The retail rates and services of Entergy's domestic retail utility subsidiaries are regulated by state and/or local regulatory authorities. Entergy Corporation owns all of the common stock of Entergy Power, a Delaware corporation and domestic power producer that owns 725 MW of fossil- fueled generating assets located in Arkansas. Entergy Power markets electric capacity and energy in the wholesale market. Entergy Corporation also owns 100% of the voting stock of System Energy, an Arkansas corporation that owns and leases an aggregate 90% undivided interest in Grand Gulf. System Energy sells the capacity and energy from its interest in Grand Gulf 1 at wholesale to its only customers, Entergy Arkansas, Entergy Louisiana, Entergy Mississippi, and Entergy New Orleans (see "CAPITAL REQUIREMENTS AND FUTURE FINANCING - Certain System Financial and Support Agreements - Unit Power Sales Agreement," below). Both Entergy Power's and System Energy's wholesale power sales are subject to the jurisdiction of FERC. Entergy Services, Inc., a Delaware corporation wholly-owned by Entergy Corporation, provides general executive, advisory, administrative, accounting, legal, engineering, and other services primarily to the domestic utility subsidiaries of Entergy Corporation, but also to Entergy Enterprises. Entergy Operations, a Delaware corporation, is also wholly- owned by Entergy Corporation and provides nuclear management, operations and maintenance services under contract for ANO, River Bend, Waterford 3, and Grand Gulf 1, subject to the owner oversight of Entergy Arkansas, Entergy Gulf States, Entergy Louisiana, and System Energy, respectively. Entergy Services and Entergy Operations provide their services to the domestic utility companies, on an "at cost" basis, pursuant to service agreements approved by the SEC under PUHCA. Entergy Arkansas, Entergy Louisiana, Entergy Mississippi, and Entergy New Orleans own 35%, 33%, 19%, and 13%, respectively, of the common stock of System Fuels, a Louisiana corporation that implements and manages certain programs to procure, deliver, and store fuel supplies for those companies. Entergy Gulf States has wholly-owned subsidiaries that (i) operate intrastate gas pipelines in Louisiana used primarily to transport fuel to two of Entergy Gulf States' generating stations; (ii) own the Lewis Creek Station, a gas-fired generating plant, which is leased to and operated by Entergy Gulf States; and (iii) own several miles of railroad track constructed in Louisiana primarily for the purpose of transporting coal for use as boiler fuel at Entergy Gulf States' Nelson Unit 6 generating facility. Entergy Enterprises, a wholly-owned nonutility subsidiary of Entergy Corporation incorporated under Louisiana law, invests in and develops energy-related projects and businesses. Entergy Enterprises, directly or through subsidiaries, markets energy-related expertise, products, and services to third parties and provides a variety of services to certain nonutility companies owned by Entergy. Services provided to third-parties include (i) energy management; (ii) management, operations and maintenance services for fossil and nuclear generating plants; and (iii) energy efficient lighting, heating, and cooling systems. EPMC, a Delaware corporation, is a wholly-owned subsidiary of Entergy Corporation that is in the business of marketing electricity, gas, other generating fuels, and financial instruments to third parties. It has received authority from the SEC to deal in a wide range of energy commodities and related financial products. ETHC, a wholly-owned subsidiary of Entergy Corporation, engages in a variety of telecommunications and information based enterprises that are exempt from regulation under PUHCA. ETHC has acquired security monitoring firms operating primarily in North and South Carolina, Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Mississippi, Louisiana, and Texas. ETHC participates with Hyperion Telecommunications in a joint venture that operates three Competitive Local Exchange Carriers (CLECs) in Little Rock, Arkansas; Jackson, Mississippi; and Baton Rouge, Louisiana. These CLECs provide long distance carrier access and local exchange services. ETHC also currently operates 1,500 miles of fiber optic cable in Arkansas, Louisiana, Mississippi, and Texas that provide long haul telecommunications to wholesale telecommunication carriers. ETHC has made a limited investment in a personal communication services company which will be located in the southeastern United States. Foreign Operations and Investments Since 1993, Entergy Corporation has directly or indirectly acquired interests in a number of foreign utility businesses. Entergy Corporation owns indirectly all of the outstanding shares of Entergy London which was incorporated as a public limited company under the laws of England and Wales in October 1996. Entergy Corporation, through Entergy London, gained effective control of London Electricity in February 1997. London Electricity is Entergy London's sole asset. London Electricity is a regional electric company that is principally engaged in the distribution and supply of electricity to approximately 2 million customers in and around London, England. London Electricity's retail service area currently covers approximately 257 square miles in the central portion of metropolitan London and includes commercial, residential, and industrial customers. London Electricity also engages in other business activities, including ownership of an interest in a 1,000 MW gas-fired combined cycle generating station and several private electric distribution systems. Entergy Corporation's indirect wholly-owned Australian subsidiary, CitiPower, was acquired in 1996. CitiPower is principally engaged in the electric distribution business in Melbourne, Australia, where it serves approximately 242,000 customers. Entergy Corporation also indirectly owns a 5% interest in Edesur, S.A., which is the retail electric distribution company for about 1.9 million customers in the southern part of Buenos Aires, Argentina. EPDC, a wholly-owned subsidiary of Entergy Corporation, owns an interest in the following foreign electric generation assets: Investment Percent Ownership Status Argentina - Costanera, 1,260 MW 6% operational Argentina - Costanera expansion, 220 MW 10% operational Chile - San Isidro, 370 MW 25% under construction Pakistan - Hub River, 1,292 MW 5% operational Peru - Edegel - 793 MW 21% operational United Kingdom - Saltend, 1,200 MW 100% under construction United Kingdom - Damhead Creek, 770 MW 100% in development In addition, Entergy Corporation, through another wholly-owned subsidiary, owns 92% of Nantong Entergy Heat & Power, which has a 24MW facility under construction. As of December 31, 1997, Entergy Corporation had a net investment of $1.3 billion in equity capital in businesses other than the domestic utility businesses. Entergy Corporation continues to seek opportunities to expand its domestic and foreign businesses that are not regulated by domestic state and local utility regulatory authorities. Entergy Corporation's continued acquisition of and investments in certain foreign and domestic businesses is subject to regulation (including the effect of exemptive provisions) under PUHCA. Rule 53 under PUHCA limits the aggregate investment by a registered public utility holding company in EWGs and FUCOs without SEC approval to 50% of the holding company's consolidated retained earnings averaged over a running four quarter period. Entergy's aggregate investment in EWGs and FUCOs is such that no further EWG or FUCO investments can be made with funds provided from securities issued by Entergy unless SEC approval is obtained or Entergy's consolidated retained earnings increase. International operations are subject to the risks inherent in conducting business abroad, including possible nationalization or expropriation, price and currency exchange controls, limitations on foreign participation in local energy-related enterprises, and other restrictions. Changes in the relative value of currencies occur from time to time, and may favorably or unfavorably affect the results of operations and statements of cash flows of Entergy's non-U.S. businesses. In addition, there are exchange control restrictions in certain countries relating to the repatriation of earnings. Selected Data Selected customer and sales data for 1997 are summarized in the following tables:
Customers as of December 31, 1997 Area Served Electric Gas (In thousands) Entergy Arkansas Portions of Arkansas and Tennessee 620 - Entergy Gulf States Portions of Texas and Louisiana 641 88 Entergy Louisiana Portions of Louisiana 623 - Entergy Mississippi Portions of Mississippi 382 - Entergy New Orleans City of New Orleans, except Algiers, which is provided electric service by Entergy Louisiana 189 151 ----- --- Total domestic 2,455 239 customers CitiPower Melbourne, Australia and surrounding suburbs 242 - London Electricity Primarily the majority of metropolitan London, England 1,995 - ----- --- Total customers 4,692 239 ===== ===
1997 - Selected Electric Energy Sales Data
Entergy Entergy Entergy Entergy Entergy System Arkansas Gulf States Louisiana Mississippi New Orleans Energy Total (a) DOMESTIC (GWH) Electric Department: Sales to retail customers 17,319 33,272 29,582 11,418 5,521 - 97,113 Sales for resale: - Affiliates 9,557 414 104 1,918 316 9,735 - - Others 6,828 1,503 805 412 160 - 9,707 ------------------------------------------------------------------------------ Total 33,704 35,189 30,491 13,748 5,997 9,735 106,820 Steam Department: - Sales to steam products customer - 1,626 - - - - 1,626 ------------------------------------------------------------------------------ TOTAL 33,704 36,815 30,491 13,748 5,997 9,735 108,446 ============================================================================== Average use per residential customer (KWH) 11,313 14,615 14,311 13,314 11,618 - 13,279 ==============================================================================
(a) Includes the effect of intercompany eliminations. FOREIGN In 1997, Entergy London had 19,546 GWH of sales to its distribution customers and 18,023 GWH of sales to its supply customers. 1997 - Selected Natural Gas Sales Data Entergy New Orleans and Entergy Gulf States sold 16,754,253 and 6,944,026 MCF, respectively, of natural gas to retail customers in 1997. Revenues from natural gas operations for each of the three years in the period ended December 31, 1997, were not material for Entergy Gulf States. See "INDUSTRY SEGMENTS" below for a description of Entergy New Orleans' business segments. See "ENTERGY CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES - SELECTED FINANCIAL DATA - FIVE-YEAR COMPARISON," and "SELECTED FINANCIAL DATA - FIVE-YEAR COMPARISON OF ENTERGY ARKANSAS, ENTERGY GULF STATES, ENTERGY LOUISIANA, ENTERGY MISSISSIPPI, ENTERGY NEW ORLEANS, SYSTEM ENERGY, and ENTERGY LONDON" which follow each company's financial statements in this report, for further information with respect to operating statistics. Employees As of January 31, 1998, Entergy had 17,288 employees as follows: Full-time: Entergy Corporation - Entergy Arkansas 1,416 Entergy Gulf States 1,456 Entergy Louisiana 721 Entergy Mississippi 700 Entergy New Orleans 301 System Energy - Entergy London 3,759 Entergy Operations 3,662 Entergy Services 3,131 Other subsidiaries 1,962 ------ Total Full-time 17,108 Part-time 180 ------ Total Entergy 17,288 ====== Competition Refer to Note 2 herein for a detailed discussion of competitive challenges Entergy faces in the utility industry, including the filings of the domestic utility companies with their respective state and local regulatory authorities addressing transition to competition. CAPITAL REQUIREMENTS AND FUTURE FINANCING Construction expenditures for the domestic utility companies, System Energy, and Entergy London, including environmental expenditures (which are immaterial) and AFUDC, but excluding nuclear fuel, for the period 1998-2000 are estimated as follows: 1998 1999 2000 Total (In Millions) Entergy Arkansas $201 $156 $204 $561 Entergy Gulf States 150 145 147 442 Entergy Louisiana 107 90 86 283 Entergy Mississippi 70 48 49 167 Entergy New Orleans 21 16 15 52 System Energy 24 26 21 71 Entergy London 161 163 158 482 With the exception of Entergy Arkansas, no significant construction costs are expected in connection with the domestic utility companies' generating facilities. Projected construction expenditures for the replacement of ANO 2's steam generators are included in Entergy Arkansas' estimated figures above. See Note 9 for additional information. Actual construction costs may vary from these estimates for a number of reasons, including changes in load growth estimates, changes in environmental regulations, modifications to nuclear units to meet regulatory requirements, increasing costs of labor, equipment and materials, and cost of capital. In addition to construction expenditure requirements, Entergy must meet scheduled long-term debt and preferred stock maturities and cash sinking fund requirements. See Notes 4, 5, 6, and 7 for further capital requirements and financing information. London Electricity's capital expenditures are primarily related to its distribution business and include expenditures for load-related, non-load- related and non-operational capital assets. Load-related capital expenditures are largely required by new business growth. Customer contributions are normally received when capital expenditures are made to extend or upgrade service to customers (except to the extent that such capital expenditures are made to enhance London Electricity's distribution network generally). Non-load-related capital expenditures include asset replacement which is expected to continue until at least the next decade. Other non-load-related expenditures include system upgrade work that provides for load growth and has the additional benefit of improving network security and reliability. Non-operational capital expenditures are for assets such as fixtures and equipment. London Electricity is required to file five-year projections with the Regulator for capital expenditures related to its regulated distribution network and annual updates of such projections. The most recent projection was for the five-year period ended March 31, 2000, and was filed in July 1997. This filing reflected London Electricity's current projection of approximately $793 million (approximately BPS482 million) for the five-year period, and expenditures have thus far been substantially in accordance with the projection. London Electricity is a member of the City of Greenwich Lewisham Rail Link plc which will require expenditures of approximately $10 million (approximately BPS6 million) in the next two years. London Electricity maintains the distribution networks at Heathrow, Gatwick, and Stansted airports for the British Airport Authority and expects to spend approximately $59 million (approximately BPS36 million) on these networks over the next six years. In December 1997, SCC, a wholly-owned subsidiary of EPDC, entered into a BPS646 million (approximately $1.07 billion) nonrecourse credit facility with an international bank group for the construction of a 1,200 MW gas- fired power plant in Hull, England. The power plant will sell power into the UK power pool at prices established by the market. SCC entered into a lump-sum contract with a major international contractor to build the power plant. SCC has also entered into a series of contracts, including a long- term ground lease for the site; a long-term gas supply agreement with take- or-pay obligations, and a long-term steam and power supply agreement with the industrial host. The total cost of this project currently is estimated to be approximately $875 million and the project is expected to be operational by January 2000. In September 1997, EPDC acquired KPL for $67 million. KPL owns land in Southeast England and certain rights to build a power station. The acquisition of KPL was financed by borrowings under a BPS50 million ($82 million) credit facility with an international bank. In December 1997, EPDC amended this credit facility and increased the amount of the revolver to BPS100 million ($165 million). In early October 1997, EPDC announced construction of a 770 MW combined cycle gas turbine merchant power plant to be known as Damhead Creek on the KPL site. Construction is scheduled to begin in late 1998, at an estimated cost of $625 million. The target date for commercial operation is the second quarter of 2000. Financing and other project requirements are currently in the final stages of development. Entergy Corporation's primary capital requirements are to invest periodically in, or make loans to, its subsidiaries and to invest in new enterprises. See "MANAGEMENT'S FINANCIAL DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS - LIQUIDITY AND CAPITAL RESOURCES," and "BUSINESS OF ENTERGY" for additional discussion of Entergy Corporation's current and future planned investments in its subsidiaries and financial sources for such investments. The principal sources of funds for Entergy Corporation are dividend distributions from its subsidiaries, funds available under its bank credit facilities, and funds received from its dividend reinvestment and stock purchase plan. Certain events, such as the River Bend issues discussed in Notes 2 and 9, could limit the amount of these distributions. Substantial write-offs or charges resulting from adverse rulings in this matter could adversely affect Entergy Gulf States' ability to pay dividends. Certain System Financial and Support Agreements Unit Power Sales Agreement (Entergy Arkansas, Entergy Louisiana, Entergy Mississippi, Entergy New Orleans, and System Energy) The Unit Power Sales Agreement allocates capacity and energy from System Energy's 90% ownership and leasehold interests in Grand Gulf 1 (and the related costs) to Entergy Arkansas (36%), Entergy Louisiana (14%), Entergy Mississippi (33%), and Entergy New Orleans (17%). Entergy Arkansas, Entergy Louisiana, Entergy Mississippi, and Entergy New Orleans make payments to System Energy for their respective entitlements of capacity and energy on a full cost-of-service basis regardless of the quantity of energy delivered, so long as Grand Gulf 1 remains in commercial operation. Payments under the Unit Power Sales Agreement are System Energy's only source of operating revenues. The financial condition of System Energy depends upon the continued commercial operation of Grand Gulf 1 and the receipt of payments from Entergy Arkansas, Entergy Louisiana, Entergy Mississippi, and Entergy New Orleans. Payments made by Entergy Arkansas, Entergy Louisiana, Entergy Mississippi, and Entergy New Orleans under the Unit Power Sales Agreement are generally recovered through rates. In the case of Entergy Arkansas and Entergy Louisiana, payments are also recovered through sales of electricity from their respective retained shares of Grand Gulf 1. See Note 2 for further information regarding retained shares. Availability Agreement (Entergy Arkansas, Entergy Louisiana, Entergy Mississippi, Entergy New Orleans, and System Energy) The Availability Agreement among System Energy and Entergy Arkansas, Entergy Louisiana, Entergy Mississippi, and Entergy New Orleans was entered into in 1974 in connection with the financing by System Energy of Grand Gulf. The Availability Agreement provided that System Energy would join in the System Agreement on or before the date on which Grand Gulf 1 was placed in commercial operation and would make available to Entergy Arkansas, Entergy Louisiana, Entergy Mississippi, and Entergy New Orleans all capacity and energy available from System Energy's share of Grand Gulf. Entergy Arkansas, Entergy Louisiana, Entergy Mississippi, and Entergy New Orleans also agreed severally to pay System Energy monthly for the right to receive capacity and energy available from Grand Gulf in amounts that (when added to any amounts received by System Energy under the Unit Power Sales Agreement, or otherwise) would at least equal System Energy's total operating expenses for Grand Gulf (including depreciation at a specified rate) and interest charges. Under the Availability Agreement, the sale of capacity and energy generated by Grand Gulf is governed by the Unit Power Sales Agreement. The September 1989 write-off of System Energy's investment in Grand Gulf 2, amounting to approximately $900 million, is being amortized for Availability Agreement purposes over 27 years rather than in the month the write-off was recognized on System Energy's books. The allocation percentages under the Availability Agreement are fixed as follows: Entergy Arkansas - 17.1%; Entergy Louisiana - - 26.9%; Entergy Mississippi - 31.3%; and Entergy New Orleans - 24.7%. The allocation percentages under the Availability Agreement remain in effect and would govern payments made under such agreement in the event of a shortfall of funds available to System Energy from other sources, including payments by Entergy Arkansas, Entergy Louisiana, Entergy Mississippi, and Entergy New Orleans to System Energy under the Unit Power Sales Agreement. System Energy has assigned its rights to payments and advances from Entergy Arkansas, Entergy Louisiana, Entergy Mississippi, and Entergy New Orleans under the Availability Agreement as security for its first mortgage bonds and reimbursement obligations to certain banks providing the letters of credit in connection with the equity funding of the sale and leaseback transactions described in Note 10 under "Sale and Leaseback Transactions - Grand Gulf 1 Lease Obligations." In these assignments, Entergy Arkansas, Entergy Louisiana, Entergy Mississippi, and Entergy New Orleans further agreed that, in the event they were prohibited by governmental action from making payments under the Availability Agreement (if, for example, FERC reduced or disallowed such payments as constituting excessive rates), they would then make subordinated advances to System Energy in the same amounts and at the same times as the prohibited payments. System Energy would not be allowed to repay these subordinated advances so long as it remained in default under the related indebtedness or in other similar circumstances. Each of the assignment agreements relating to the Availability Agreement provides that Entergy Arkansas, Entergy Louisiana, Entergy Mississippi, and Entergy New Orleans shall make payments directly to System Energy. However, if there is an event of default, Entergy Arkansas, Entergy Louisiana, Entergy Mississippi, and Entergy New Orleans must make those payments directly to the holders of indebtedness that are the beneficiaries of such assignment agreements. The payments must be made pro rata according to the amount of the respective obligations secured. The obligations of Entergy Arkansas, Entergy Louisiana, Entergy Mississippi, and Entergy New Orleans to make payments under the Availability Agreement are subject to the receipt and continued effectiveness of all necessary regulatory approvals. Sales of capacity and energy under the Availability Agreement would require that the Availability Agreement be submitted to FERC for approval with respect to the terms of such sale. No such filing with FERC has been made because sales of capacity and energy from Grand Gulf are being made pursuant to the Unit Power Sales Agreement. Other aspects of the Availability Agreement, including the obligations of Entergy Arkansas, Entergy Louisiana, Entergy Mississippi, and Entergy New Orleans to make subordinated advances, are subject to the PUHCA jurisdiction of the SEC, whose approval has been obtained. If, for any reason, sales of capacity and energy are made in the future pursuant to the Availability Agreement, the jurisdictional portions of the Availability Agreement would be submitted to FERC for approval. Since commercial operation of Grand Gulf 1 began, payments under the Unit Power Sales Agreement to System Energy have exceeded the amounts payable under the Availability Agreement, and no payments under the Availability Agreement have ever been required. In the event such payments were required, the ability of Entergy Arkansas, Entergy Louisiana, Entergy Mississippi, and Entergy New Orleans to recover from their customers amounts paid under the Availability Agreement, or under the assignments thereof, would depend upon the outcome of rate proceedings before state and local regulatory authorities. In view of the controversies that arose over the allocation of capacity and energy from Grand Gulf 1 pursuant to the Unit Power Sales Agreement, opposition to full recovery would be likely and the outcome of such proceedings, should they occur, is not predictable. The Availability Agreement may be terminated, amended, or modified by mutual agreement of the parties thereto, upon obtaining the consent, if required, of those holders of System Energy's indebtedness then outstanding who are the beneficiaries of the assignments of the Availability Agreement. Capital Funds Agreement (Entergy Corporation and System Energy) System Energy and Entergy Corporation have entered into the Capital Funds Agreement whereby Entergy Corporation has agreed to supply System Energy with sufficient capital to (i) maintain System Energy's equity capital at an amount equal to a minimum of 35% of its total capitalization (excluding short-term debt) and (ii) permit the continued commercial operation of Grand Gulf 1 and pay in full all indebtedness for borrowed money of System Energy when due. Entergy Corporation has entered into various supplements to the Capital Funds Agreement, and System Energy has assigned its rights under such supplements as security for its first mortgage bonds and for reimbursement obligations to certain banks providing letters of credit in connection with the equity funding of the sale and leaseback transactions described in Note 10 under "Sale and Leaseback Transactions - Grand Gulf 1 Lease Obligations." Each such supplement provides that permitted indebtedness for borrowed money incurred by System Energy in connection with the financing of Grand Gulf may be secured by System Energy's rights under the Capital Funds Agreement on a pro rata basis (except for the Specific Payments, as defined below). In addition, in the supplements to the Capital Funds Agreement relating to the specific indebtedness being secured, Entergy Corporation has agreed to make cash capital contributions directly to System Energy sufficient to enable System Energy to make payments when due on such indebtedness (Specific Payments). However, if there is an event of default, Entergy Corporation must make those payments directly to the holders of indebtedness benefiting from the supplemental agreements. The payments (other than the Specific Payments) must be made pro rata according to the amount of the respective obligations benefiting from the supplemental agreements. The Capital Funds Agreement may be terminated, amended, or modified by mutual agreement of the parties thereto, upon obtaining the consent, if required, of those holders of System Energy's indebtedness then outstanding who have received the assignments of the Capital Funds Agreement. RATE MATTERS AND REGULATION Rate Matters The domestic utility companies' retail rates are regulated by state and/or local regulatory authorities, as described below. FERC regulates their wholesale rates (including intrasystem sales pursuant to the System Agreement) and interstate transmission of electricity, as well as rates for System Energy's sales of capacity and energy from Grand Gulf 1 to Entergy Arkansas, Entergy Louisiana, Entergy Mississippi, and Entergy New Orleans pursuant to the Unit Power Sales Agreement. Wholesale Rate Matters System Energy As described above under "CAPITAL REQUIREMENTS AND FUTURE FINANCING - Certain System Financial and Support Agreements," System Energy recovers costs related to its interest in Grand Gulf 1 through rates charged to Entergy Arkansas, Entergy Louisiana, Entergy Mississippi, and Entergy New Orleans for capacity and energy under the Unit Power Sales Agreement. On December 12, 1995, System Energy implemented a $65.5 million rate increase, subject to refund. Refer to Note 2 for a discussion of the rate increase request filed by System Energy with FERC. System Agreement (Energy Corporation, Entergy Arkansas, Entergy Gulf States, Entergy Louisiana, Entergy Mississippi, Entergy New Orleans, and System Energy) The domestic utility companies engage in the coordinated planning, construction, and operation of generation and transmission facilities pursuant to the terms of the System Agreement as described under "PROPERTY - - Generating Stations," below. In connection with the Merger, FERC approved certain rate schedule changes to integrate Entergy Gulf States into the System Agreement. Certain commitments were also adopted to assure that the ratepayers of Entergy Arkansas, Entergy Louisiana, Entergy Mississippi, and Entergy New Orleans will not be allocated higher costs. Such commitments included: (i) a tracking mechanism to protect these companies from certain unexpected increases in fuel costs; (ii) the exclusion of Entergy Gulf States from the distribution of profits from power sales contracts entered into prior to the Merger; (iii) a methodology to estimate the cost of capital in future FERC proceedings; and (iv) a stipulation that these companies be insulated from certain direct effects on capacity equalization payments if Entergy Gulf States were to acquire Cajun's 30% share in River Bend, which it acquired on December 23, 1997. See "Regulation - Other Regulation and Litigation" for information on appeals of FERC Merger orders and related pending rate schedule changes and "Cajun-River Bend Litigation" in Note 9 herein for a discussion of the transfer of Cajun's 30% share in River Bend to Entergy Gulf States. In approving the Merger, FERC also initiated a new proceeding to consider whether the System Agreement permits certain out-of-service generating units to be included in reserve equalization calculations under Service Schedule MSS-1 of that agreement. The LPSC and the MPSC submitted testimony in this proceeding seeking retroactive refunds for Entergy Louisiana and Entergy Mississippi (estimated at $22.6 million and $13.2 million, respectively). The FERC staff subsequently submitted testimony concluding that Entergy's treatment was reasonable. However, because it concluded that Entergy's treatment violated the tariff, the FERC staff maintained that refunds of approximately $7.2 million should be ordered. On March 3, 1995, a FERC ALJ issued an opinion holding that the practice of including the out-of-service units in the reserve equalization calculations during the period 1987 through 1993 was not permitted by Service Schedule MSS-1 and, therefore, constituted a violation of the System Agreement. However, the ALJ found that the violation was in good faith and had benefited the customers of Entergy as a whole. Accordingly, the ALJ recommended that no retroactive refunds should be ordered. The ALJ also held that the System Agreement should be amended to allow out-of-service units to be included in reserve equalization as proposed in an offer of settlement filed by Entergy on February 16, 1994. On August 5, 1997, the FERC issued an Opinion and Order affirming the initial decision of the ALJ. On September 3, 1997, the LPSC and the MPSC filed a request for rehearing of FERC's August 5, 1997 decision. On February 3, 1998, FERC denied the request for rehearing. On March 14, 1995, the LPSC filed a complaint with FERC alleging that the System Agreement results in unjust and unreasonable rates and requested FERC to modify the System Agreement to exclude curtailable load from the cost allocation determination and to permit Entergy's domestic utility companies that engage in real-time pricing at the retail level to be assessed only the marginal cost for energy sold among the domestic utility companies. In May 1995, the LPSC amended its original complaint to request an additional System Agreement modification to allocate costs on the basis of a four-month coincident peak methodology. On August 5, 1996, FERC dismissed the LPSC's complaint and amended complaint, finding the LPSC's claim that the System Agreement is unjust and unreasonable to be without merit. The FERC confirmed this finding in a September 12, 1997 order denying the LPSC's request for rehearing. The LPSC has appealed FERC's dismissal of its complaint to the D. C. Circuit. Open Access Transmission (Entergy Corporation, Entergy Arkansas, Entergy Gulf States, Entergy Louisiana, Entergy Mississippi, and Entergy New Orleans) On August 2, 1991, Entergy Services, as agent for Entergy Arkansas, Entergy Louisiana, Entergy Mississippi, Entergy New Orleans, and Entergy Power, submitted to FERC (i) proposed tariffs that, subject to certain conditions, would provide to electric utilities "open access" to Entergy's integrated transmission system, and (ii) rate schedules providing for sales of wholesale power at market-based rates. FERC approved the filing in August 1992, and various parties filed appeals with the D.C. Circuit. The case was remanded to FERC in July 1994 for further proceedings. On October 31, 1994, Entergy Services, as agent for Entergy Arkansas, Entergy Gulf States, Entergy Louisiana, Entergy Mississippi, and Entergy New Orleans, filed revised transmission tariffs. On January 6, 1995, FERC made the transmission tariffs effective, subject to refund, and ordered an investigation of Entergy Power's market pricing authority, thereby making Entergy Power's market price rate schedules subject to refund. An order in the market price rate investigation is expected in 1998, but Entergy expects that no refunds will be required. On March 29, 1995, FERC issued a supplemental notice of proposed rulemaking (Mega-NOPR) which would require public utilities to provide non- discriminatory open access transmission service to wholesale customers and which would also provide guidance on the recovery of wholesale and retail stranded costs. Under the proposal, public utilities would be required to file transmission tariffs for both point-to-point and network service. Model transmission tariffs were included in the proposal. In September 1995 and January 1996, Entergy Services filed offers of partial settlement accepting certain provisions of the transmission tariffs contained in the Mega-NOPR and resolving certain rate issues. Hearings relating to Entergy Services' open access tariffs concluded on February 22, 1996, and an initial decision was issued by the ALJ on May 21, 1996. The initial decision and offers of partial settlement are now pending before FERC awaiting a final decision. In August 1995, EPMC filed an application for permission to make market-based sales. On December 13, 1995, Entergy Services filed revised transmission tariffs in a separate proceeding proposing terms and conditions for open access transmission service that are substantially identical to the terms and conditions contained in the Mega-NOPR transmission tariffs with rates to be the same as those determined in the pending proceeding. On February 14, 1996, FERC accepted for filing the revised transmission tariffs subject to the outcome of the pending proceeding and conditionally accepted EPMC's application for market-based sales. Subsequently, FERC accepted EPMC's application without condition. In April 1996 FERC issued its final rule (Order No. 888) on open access, nondiscriminatory transmission, and stranded costs, and a companion final rule (Order No. 889) relating to codes of conduct and the mechanism by which the open access transactions were to be made. In July 1996, in response to this FERC order, Entergy Services filed, on behalf of the domestic utility companies, its open access pro forma tariff. This tariff, which supersedes the tariffs previously filed, is currently pending before FERC with respect to the rates for transmission service. The rates set forth in the July 1996 tariff are subject to the outcome of FERC action on the May 21, 1996 initial decision and the offers of partial settlement. On January 29, 1997, FERC accepted the non-rate terms and conditions of the July 1996 tariff, subject to limited modifications. In a March 1997 order (Order No. 888-A), FERC directed public utilities to file revised tariffs to reflect changes resulting from rehearing of Order No. 888. On July 14, 1997, Entergy Services filed with the FERC its wholesale transmission access compliance tariff incorporating the requirements of FERC Order No. 888-A. The filing supersedes the July 1996 tariff and the rates remain subject to the outcome of FERC action on the May 21, 1996 initial decision and the offers of partial settlement. Retail Rate Matters General (Entergy Arkansas, Entergy Gulf States, Entergy Louisiana, Entergy Mississippi, and Entergy New Orleans) Certain costs related to Grand Gulf 1, Waterford 3, and River Bend were phased into retail rates over a period of years in order to avoid the "rate shock" associated with increasing rates to reflect all such costs at once. The deferral period in which costs are incurred but not currently recovered has expired for all of these programs, and Entergy Arkansas, Entergy Gulf States, Entergy Mississippi, and Entergy New Orleans are now recovering those costs that were previously deferred. Entergy Louisiana has fully recovered the deferred Waterford 3 costs. Entergy Gulf States has pending several rate proceedings and some rate relief has been received. Rate proceedings and appeals relating to these issues are discussed in "Entergy Gulf States" below. The retail regulatory philosophy is shifting in some jurisdictions from traditional cost-of-service regulation to incentive-rate regulation. Management believes incentive and performance-based rate plans encourage efficiencies and productivity while permitting utilities and their customers to share in the resulting benefits. As a means of minimizing the need for retail rate increases, Entergy is committed to containing costs to the greatest degree practicable. Entergy Mississippi and Entergy Louisiana have implemented incentive rate plans. Recognizing that many industrial customers have energy alternatives, Entergy continues to work with these customers to address their needs. In certain cases, competitive prices are negotiated using variable-rate designs. The domestic utility companies have initiated proceedings with state and local regulators regarding an orderly transition to a more competitive market for electricity. See "MANAGEMENT'S FINANCIAL DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS - SIGNIFICANT FACTORS AND KNOWN TRENDS," for a discussion of the transition to competition filings made by Entergy Mississippi, Entergy Gulf States, Entergy Louisiana, Entergy New Orleans and Entergy Arkansas with their state and local regulators. Entergy Arkansas Rate Freeze In connection with the settlement of various issues related to the Merger, Entergy Arkansas agreed that it would not, except in response to certain circumstances that are largely out of its control, request any general retail rate increase to take effect before November 3, 1998. See Note 2 for a discussion of the rate freeze as well as other aspects of the settlement agreement between Entergy Arkansas and the APSC. Recovery of Grand Gulf 1 Costs Under the settlement agreement entered into with the APSC in 1985 and amended in 1988, Entergy Arkansas agreed to forego recovery of a portion of its Grand Gulf l-related costs, recover a portion of such costs currently, and defer a portion of such costs for future recovery. In the future, Entergy Arkansas will recover 78% of its allocated share of Grand Gulf 1 costs, but will not recover the remaining 22%. Deferrals ceased in l990, and Entergy Arkansas is recovering a portion of the previously deferred costs each year through l998. As of December 31, l997, the balance of deferred costs was $75 million. Entergy Arkansas is permitted to recover on a current basis the incremental costs of financing the unrecovered deferrals. Entergy Arkansas has the right to sell capacity and energy from its retained share of Grand Gulf 1 to third parties and to sell such energy to its retail customers at a price equal to Entergy Arkansas' avoided energy cost. Proceeds of sales to third parties of Entergy Arkansas' retained share of Grand Gulf l capacity and energy accrue to the benefit of Entergy Corporation, as Entergy Arkansas' sole stockholder. Fuel Adjustment Clause In its October 1996 rate filing, Entergy Arkansas proposed an alternative fuel adjustment clause, the Energy Cost Recovery Rider Energy Cost Rate (ECR Rider ), which was approved by the APSC. Entergy Arkansas' ECR Rider utilizes projected energy costs (i.e., fuel and purchased power costs) for the coming calendar year to develop an Energy Cost Rate. The Energy Cost Rate is revised annually and includes a true-up adjustment reflecting the over-recovery or under-recovery of the energy cost for the prior year. Under the ECR Rider, the nuclear refueling reserve fund provision, which was no longer necessary due to the annual revision, was eliminated. In addition, the nuclear incentive provision associated with ANO was eliminated. Entergy Gulf States Rate Cap and Other Merger-Related Rate Agreements In 1993, the LPSC and the PUCT approved separate regulatory proposals, which included the implementation of a five-year Rate Cap on Entergy Gulf States' retail electric base rates in the respective states, and provisions for fuel and nonfuel savings created by the Merger to accrue to the benefit of ratepayers. See Note 2 for a discussion of the Rate Cap as well as other aspects of the settlement agreement between Entergy Gulf States and the LPSC and the PUCT. Recovery of River Bend Costs Entergy Gulf States deferred approximately $369 million of River Bend operating and purchased power costs, depreciation, and accrued carrying charges, pursuant to a 1986 PUCT accounting order. Approximately $182 million of these costs are being amortized over a 20-year period, and the remaining $187 million was written off in the first quarter of 1996 in accordance with SFAS 121. Also, in accordance with a phase-in plan approved by the LPSC, Entergy Gulf States deferred $294 million of its River Bend costs related to the period February 1988 through February 1991. See "River Bend Cost Deferrals" in Note 2 herein for a discussion of the unamortized balances of these deferrals as of December 31, 1997. Texas Jurisdiction - River Bend In 1988 the PUCT granted Entergy Gulf States a permanent increase in annual revenues of $59.9 million resulting from the inclusion in rate base of approximately $1.6 billion of company-wide River Bend plant investment and approximately $182 million of related Texas retail jurisdiction deferred River Bend costs (Allowed Deferrals). At the same time, the PUCT disallowed as imprudent $63.5 million of company- wide River Bend plant costs and placed in abeyance, with no finding as to prudence, approximately $1.4 billion of company-wide River Bend plant investment and approximately $157 million of Texas retail jurisdiction deferred River Bend operating and carrying costs (Abeyed Deferrals). As a result of the application of the company's long-lived asset impairment policy, Entergy Gulf States wrote off Abeyed Deferrals of $169 million, net of tax, effective January 1, 1996. The PUCT's order has been the subject of several appellate proceedings, culminating in an appeal to the Texas Supreme Court (Supreme Court). On January 31, 1997, the Supreme Court issued an opinion reversing the PUCT's order and remanding the case to the PUCT for further proceedings. On January 14, 1998, the commissioners of the PUCT voted by a 2 to 1 majority to disallow recovery of $1.4 billion of company-wide abeyed plant costs. The Texas share of these costs, which is not currently in rates, is approximately $624 million, based on 1988 costs and the jurisdictional allocation included in current rates. The PUCT is expected to enter an order pursuant to its vote, but has not yet done so. As of December 31, 1997, the River Bend plant costs disallowed for retail ratemaking purposes in Texas and the River Bend plant costs held in abeyance totaled (net of taxes and depreciation) approximately $12 million and $252 million, respectively. See Note 2 for information related to additional rulings by the PUCT and other retail rate proceedings as well as the proposed agreement in principle between the parties to the Entergy Gulf States rate proceedings in Texas. NISCO Unrecovered Costs In 1986, the PUCT ordered that the purchased power costs from NISCO in excess of Entergy Gulf States' avoided costs be disallowed. The PUCT disallowance resulted in approximately $12 million to $15 million of unrecovered purchased power costs on an annual basis, which Entergy Gulf States continued to expense as the costs were incurred. In April 1991, the Texas Supreme Court, on the appeal of such order, ordered the PUCT to allow Entergy Gulf States to recover purchased power payments in excess of its avoided cost in future proceedings if Entergy Gulf States established to the PUCT's satisfaction that the payments were reasonable and necessary expenses. In January 1992, Entergy Gulf States applied to the PUCT for a new fixed fuel factor and requested a final reconciliation of fuel and purchased power costs incurred between December 1, 1986 and September 30, 1991. Entergy Gulf States proposed to recover net under-recoveries and interest (including under-recoveries related to NISCO) over a twelve-month period. In June 1993, the PUCT concluded that the purchased power payments made to NISCO in excess of Entergy Gulf States' avoided cost were not reasonably incurred. In October 1993, Entergy Gulf States appealed the PUCT's order to the Travis County District Court where the matter is still pending. As of December 31, 1997, Entergy Gulf States had expensed $182 million of unrecovered purchased power costs and deferred revenue pending the appeal to the District Court. No assurance can be given as to the timing or outcome of the appeal. Retail Rate Proceedings In addition to the January 14, 1998 ruling discussed above in "Texas Jurisdiction - River Bend," the PUCT upheld an ALJ's ruling disallowing recovery of approximately $40 million of Entergy Services' affiliate costs allocated to Entergy Gulf States in Texas. Entergy Services is responsible for managing Entergy Gulf States' fossil generating plants and transmission and distribution systems, as well as providing human resources, accounting, and other necessary services to Entergy Gulf States and Entergy Corporation's other electric utility subsidiaries. In another matter, the PUCT also issued an order establishing service quality standards and rate of return adjustments for Entergy Gulf States and its Texas retail service territory. A portion of the adjustments will be retroactive and a portion will be prospective. The PUCT will evaluate Entergy Gulf States' future performance based on several criteria including feeder reliability, billing error rates, customer call center performance, service installation performance, line extension performance and street light replacements. In March 1998, the parties to the Entergy Gulf States rate proceedings in Texas reached an agreement in principle, subject to approval by the PUCT and certain cities served by Entergy Gulf States, which would resolve all of the pending rate issues. The proposed agreement in principle would include a base rate reduction of $40 million on an annual basis, with a refund retroactive to June 1, 1996; additionally it would provide for a recovery of $25 million of deferred fuel costs; the base rates would remain at the same level for the next four years after the reduction; a total service quality credit of $9 million retroactive to June 1996; and the recovery of a portion of the abeyed portion of River Bend such that at the end of the four year rate freeze there will remain $125 million of net plant related to that abeyed portion. Entergy Gulf States has established reserves for the probable effects of this agreement in principle based on management's estimates of the terms thereof. These reserves of approximately $381 million (or $227 million net of taxes) were recorded in the fourth quarter of 1997. The results of operations of Entergy Gulf States for the year ended December 31, 1997, reflect corresponding charges to operating revenues and other income (deductions) of $70 million and $311 million, respectively. The parties are working to finalize a definitive agreement. Entergy Gulf States has agreed to implement the refunds and rate reductions, subject to final approval of the agreement in principle. Final approval of the agreement in principle would resolve all pending regulatory issues. Refer to Note 2 for a discussion of other Entergy Gulf States retail rate proceedings that were resolved during the past year and/or are currently pending. Fuel Recovery Entergy Gulf States' Texas rate schedules include a fixed fuel factor to recover fuel and purchased power costs not recovered in base rates. The fixed factor may be revised every six months in accordance with a schedule set by the PUCT. To the extent actual costs vary from the fixed factor, refunds or surcharges are required or permitted. Fuel costs are also subject to reconciliation proceedings every three years. Entergy Gulf States' Louisiana electric rate schedules include a fuel adjustment clause designed to recover the cost of fuel and purchased power costs, adjusted by a surcharge (or credit) for deferred fuel expense arising from the monthly reconciliation of actual fuel cost incurred with fuel revenues billed to customers. See Note 2 for a discussion of the LPSC fuel cost reviews. Entergy Gulf States' Louisiana gas rates include a purchased gas adjustment to recover the cost of purchased gas. Steam Customer Contract In August 1996, Entergy Gulf States entered into agreements with its only steam customer whereby a generating facility was leased to such customer beginning in August 1997, the expiration date of the previous contract. As a result of these arrangements, Entergy Gulf States' annual revenues are expected to decrease by approximately $33 million, and its net income is expected to be reduced by approximately $15 million annually. See "MANAGEMENT'S FINANCIAL DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS - SIGNIFICANT FACTORS AND KNOWN TRENDS," for a further discussion. Entergy Louisiana Recovery of Grand Gulf 1 Costs In a series of LPSC orders, court decisions, and agreements from late 1985 to mid-1988, Entergy Louisiana was granted rate relief with respect to costs associated with Waterford 3 and Entergy Louisiana's share of capacity and energy from Grand Gulf l, subject to certain terms and conditions. With respect to Waterford 3, Entergy Louisiana was granted an increase aggregating $170.9 million over the period 1985-1988, and Entergy Louisiana agreed to permanently absorb, and not recover from retail ratepayers, $284 million of its investment in the unit and to defer $266 million of its costs related to the years 1985-1988 to be recovered from April 1988 through June 1997. With respect to Grand Gulf 1, Entergy Louisiana agreed to retain, and not recover from retail ratepayers, approximately 2.52% of the costs of Grand Gulf 1's capacity and energy. Non-fuel operation and maintenance costs for Grand Gulf 1 are recovered through Entergy Louisiana's base rates. Additionally, Entergy Louisiana is allowed to recover, through the fuel adjustment clause, 4.6 cents per KWH for the energy related to its retained portion of these costs. Alternatively, Entergy Louisiana may sell such energy to nonaffiliated parties at prices above the fuel adjustment clause recovery amount, subject to the LPSC's approval. Performance-Based Formula Rate Plan In June 1995, in conjunction with the LPSC's rate review, a performance-based formula rate plan previously proposed by Entergy Louisiana was approved with certain modifications. See Note 2 for a discussion of Entergy Louisiana's performance-based formula rate plan. Fuel Adjustment Clause Entergy Louisiana's rate schedules include a fuel adjustment clause to recover the cost of fuel and purchased power. The fuel adjustment also includes a surcharge (or credit) for deferred fuel expense arising from the monthly reconciliation of actual fuel cost incurred with fuel revenues billed to customers. Entergy Mississippi Retail Rate Proceedings Refer to Note 2 for a discussion of Entergy Mississippi's retail rate proceedings that were resolved during the past year and/or are currently pending. Rate Freeze In connection with the settlement of various issues related to the Merger, Entergy Mississippi agreed that it will not, except in response to certain circumstances that are largely beyond its control, request any general retail rate increase to take effect before November 3, 1998. See Note 2 for a discussion of the rate freeze and other aspects of the settlement agreement between Entergy Mississippi and the MPSC. Recovery of Grand Gulf 1 Costs In September 1985, the MPSC granted Entergy Mississippi an annual base rate increase of approximately $326.5 million in connection with its allocated share of Grand Gulf 1 costs. The MPSC also provided for the deferral of a portion of such costs that were incurred each year through 1992, and recovery of these deferrals over a period of six years ending in 1998. As of December 31, 1997, the uncollected balance of Entergy Mississippi's deferred costs was approximately $127 million. Entergy Mississippi is permitted to recover the carrying charges on all deferred amounts on a current basis. Formula Rate Plan Under a formulary incentive-rate plan (Formula Rate Plan) effective March 25, 1994, Entergy Mississippi's earned rate of return is calculated automatically every 12 months and compared to and adjusted against a benchmark rate of return (calculated under a separate formula within the Formula Rate Plan). The Formula Rate Plan allows for periodic small adjustments in rates based on a comparison of actual earned returns to benchmark returns and upon certain performance factors. Refer to Note 2 for a discussion of the formula rate plan filing for the 1996 test year. The formula rate plan filing for the 1997 test year will be filed in March 1998. Fuel Adjustment Clause In March 1997, Entergy Mississippi proposed an alternative fuel cost recovery mechanism, the ECR Rider, which became effective May 1997. Entergy Mississippi's ECR Rider utilizes projected energy costs (i.e., fuel and purchased energy costs) for the coming calendar year to develop an Energy Cost Rate. The Energy Cost Rate is revised annually and includes a true-up adjustment reflecting the over-recovery or under-recovery of the energy cost for the prior year. Entergy New Orleans Earnings Analysis Filings Refer to Note 2 for a discussion of the Entergy New Orleans earnings analysis filings that have been resolved during the past year and/or are currently outstanding. Recovery of Grand Gulf 1 Costs Under Entergy New Orleans' various rate settlements with the Council in 1986, 1988, and 1991, Entergy New Orleans agreed to absorb and not recover from ratepayers a total of $96.2 million of its Grand Gulf 1 costs. Entergy New Orleans was permitted to implement annual rate increases in decreasing amounts each year through 1995, and to defer certain costs and related carrying charges for recovery on a schedule extending from 1991 through 2001. As of December 31, 1997, the uncollected balance of Entergy New Orleans' deferred costs was $99 million. Fuel Adjustment Clause Entergy New Orleans' electric rate schedules include a fuel adjustment clause designed to recover the cost of fuel in the second prior month, adjusted by a surcharge (or credit) for deferred fuel expense arising from the monthly reconciliation of actual fuel incurred with fuel cost revenues billed to customers. The adjustment also includes the difference between nonfuel Grand Gulf 1 costs paid by Entergy New Orleans and the estimate of such costs provided in Entergy New Orleans' Grand Gulf 1 rate settlements. Entergy New Orleans' gas rate schedules include an adjustment to reflect gas costs in excess of those collected in base rates, adjusted by a surcharge (or credit) similar to that included in the electric fuel adjustment clause. Regulation Federal Regulation (Entergy Corporation, Entergy Arkansas, Entergy Gulf States, Entergy Louisiana, Entergy Mississippi, Entergy New Orleans, and System Energy) PUHCA Entergy Corporation and its various direct and indirect subsidiaries (with the exception of its EWG, FUCO, and ETHC subsidiaries) are subject to the broad regulatory provisions of PUHCA. Except with respect to investments in certain domestic power projects, foreign utility company projects, and telecommunication projects, PUHCA limits the operations of a registered holding company system to a single, integrated public utility system, plus certain additional systems and businesses, regulates certain transactions among affiliates within a holding company system, and regulates the acquisition and sale of securities and assets by registered holding companies and their subsidiaries. Entergy Corporation and other electric utility holding companies have supported legislation in the United States Congress to repeal PUHCA and transfer certain aspects of the oversight of public utility holding companies from the SEC to FERC. Entergy believes that PUHCA inhibits its ability to compete in the evolving electric energy marketplace and largely duplicates the oversight activities already performed by FERC and state and local regulators. In June 1995, the SEC adopted a report proposing options for the repeal or significant modification of PUHCA. In 1997, the SEC issued Rule 58 under PUHCA, which allows registered public utility holding companies to enter a range of energy related businesses. Federal Power Act The domestic utility companies, System Energy, Entergy Power, and EPMC are subject to the Federal Power Act as administered by FERC and the DOE. The Federal Power Act provides for regulatory jurisdiction over the licensing of certain hydroelectric projects, the transmission and wholesale sale of electric energy in interstate commerce, and certain other activities, including accounting policies and practices. Such regulation includes jurisdiction over the rates charged by System Energy for capacity and energy provided to Entergy Arkansas, Entergy Louisiana, Entergy Mississippi, and Entergy New Orleans from Grand Gulf 1. Entergy Arkansas holds a FERC license for two hydroelectric projects (70 MW), which was renewed on July 2, 1980 and expires in February 2003. Regulation of the Nuclear Power Industry (Entergy Corporation, Entergy Arkansas, Entergy Gulf States, Entergy Louisiana, and System Energy) Regulation of Nuclear Power Under the Atomic Energy Act of 1954 and the Energy Reorganization Act of 1974, the operation of nuclear plants is heavily regulated by the NRC, which has broad power to impose licensing and safety-related requirements. In the event of non-compliance, the NRC has the authority to impose fines or shut down a unit, or both, depending upon its assessment of the severity of the situation, until compliance is achieved. Entergy Arkansas, Entergy Gulf States, Entergy Louisiana, and System Energy, as owners of all or portions of ANO, River Bend, Waterford 3, and Grand Gulf 1, respectively, and Entergy Operations, as the licensee and operator of these units, are subject to the jurisdiction of the NRC. Revised safety requirements promulgated by the NRC have, in the past, necessitated substantial capital expenditures at these nuclear plants, and additional such expenditures could be required in the future. See "MANAGEMENT'S FINANCIAL DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS - SIGNIFICANT FACTORS AND KNOWN TRENDS," for a discussion of Waterford 3's Systematic Assessment of License Performance (SALP) report issued by the NRC on January 6,1997. The nuclear power industry faces uncertainties with respect to the cost and long-term availability of sites for disposal of spent nuclear fuel and other radioactive waste, nuclear plant operations, the technological and financial aspects of decommissioning plants at the end of their licensed lives, and requirements relating to nuclear insurance. These matters are briefly discussed below. Regulation of Spent Fuel and Other High-Level Radioactive Waste Under the Nuclear Waste Policy Act of 1982, the DOE is required, for a specified fee, to construct storage facilities for, and to dispose of, all spent nuclear fuel and other high-level radioactive waste generated by domestic nuclear power reactors. However, the DOE has not yet identified a permanent storage repository and, as a result, future expenditures may be required to increase spent fuel storage capacity at nuclear plant sites. For further information concerning spent fuel disposal contracts with the DOE, schedules for initial shipments of spent nuclear fuel, current on-site storage capacity, and costs of providing additional on-site storage, see Note 9. Regulation of Low-Level Radioactive Waste The availability and cost of disposal facilities for low-level radioactive waste resulting from normal nuclear plant operations are subject to a number of uncertainties. Under the Low-Level Radioactive Waste Policy Act of 1980, as amended, each state is responsible for disposal of waste originating in that state, and states may participate in regional compacts to fulfill their responsibilities jointly. The States of Arkansas and Louisiana participate in the Central Interstate Low Level Radioactive Waste Compact (Central States Compact), and the State of Mississippi participates in the Southeast Low Level Radioactive Waste Compact (Southeast Compact). Two disposal sites are currently operating in the United States, but only one site, the Barnwell Disposal Facility (Barnwell) located in South Carolina and operated by the Southeast Compact, is open to out-of-region generators. The availability of Barnwell provides only temporary relief for low-level radioactive waste storage and does not alleviate the need to develop new disposal capacity. Both the Central States Compact and the Southeast Compact are working to establish additional disposal sites. Entergy, along with other waste generators, funds the development costs for new disposal facilities. To date, Entergy's expenditures for the development of new disposal facilities total approximately $50 million. During the fourth quarter of 1997, Entergy Arkansas, Entergy Louisiana, and Entergy Gulf States expensed $17.4 million, $12.3 million, and $13.8 million, respectively, related to previously deferred radioactive waste facility costs incurred in connection with the Central States Compact. Future levels of expenditures are difficult to predict. The current schedule for the site development in both the Central States Compact and the Southeast Compact projects that the new facilities will not be operational before 2001. Due to the political nature of siting low-level radioactive waste disposal facilities, future delays can be anticipated. Until long-term disposal facilities are established, Entergy will seek continued access to existing facilities. If such access is unavailable, Entergy will store low-level waste at its nuclear plant sites. Regulation of Nuclear Plant Decommissioning Entergy Arkansas, Entergy Gulf States, Entergy Louisiana, and System Energy are recovering from ratepayers portions of the estimated decommissioning costs for ANO, River Bend, Waterford 3, and Grand Gulf 1, respectively. These amounts are deposited in trust funds that, together with the related earnings, can only be used for future decommissioning costs. Estimated decommissioning costs are periodically reviewed and updated to reflect inflation and changes in regulatory requirements and technology, and applications are periodically made to appropriate regulatory authorities to reflect in rates any future changes in projected decommissioning costs. For additional information with respect to decommissioning costs for ANO, River Bend, Waterford 3, and Grand Gulf 1, see Note 9. The EPAct requires all electric utilities (including Entergy Arkansas, Entergy Gulf States, Entergy Louisiana, and System Energy) that purchased uranium enrichment services from the DOE to contribute up to a total of $150 million annually over approximately 15 years (adjusted for inflation, up to a total of $2.25 billion) for decontamination and decommissioning of enrichment facilities. In accordance with the EPAct, contributions to decontamination and decommissioning funds are recovered through rates in the same manner as other fuel costs. See Note 9 for the estimated annual contributions by Entergy for decontamination and decommissioning fees. Nuclear Insurance The Price-Anderson Act limits public liability for a single nuclear incident to approximately $8.92 billion. Entergy Arkansas, Entergy Gulf States, Entergy Louisiana, and System Energy have protection with respect to this liability through a combination of private insurance and an industry assessment program, as well as insurance for property damage, costs of replacement power, and other risks relating to nuclear generating units. For a discussion of insurance applicable to the nuclear programs of Entergy Arkansas, Entergy Gulf States, Entergy Louisiana, and System Energy, see Note 9. Nuclear Operations General (Entergy Corporation, Entergy Arkansas, Entergy Gulf States, Entergy Louisiana, and System Energy) Entergy Operations operates ANO, River Bend, Waterford 3, and Grand Gulf 1, subject to the owner oversight of Entergy Arkansas, Entergy Gulf States, Entergy Louisiana, and System Energy, respectively. Entergy Arkansas, Entergy Gulf States, Entergy Louisiana, System Energy, and the Grand Gulf 1 co-owner, have retained their ownership interests in their respective nuclear generating units. Entergy Arkansas, Entergy Gulf States, Entergy Louisiana, and System Energy have also retained their associated capacity and energy entitlements, and pay directly or reimburse Entergy Operations at cost for its operation of the units. ANO Matters (Entergy Corporation and Entergy Arkansas) See "ANO Matters" in Note 9 herein for a discussion of the replacement of steam generators at ANO 2. River Bend (Entergy Corporation and Entergy Gulf States) In connection with the Merger, Entergy Gulf States filed two applications with the NRC in January 1993 to amend the River Bend operating license. The applications sought the NRC's consent to the Merger and to a change in the licensed operator of the facility from Entergy Gulf States to Entergy Operations. The NRC Staff issued the two license amendments for River Bend, which were effective immediately upon consummation of the Merger. On February 14, 1994, Cajun filed with the D.C. Circuit petitions for review of the two license amendments for River Bend. In March 1995, the D.C. Circuit ordered that the NRC order and license amendments be set aside, and remanded the case to the NRC for further consideration. Subsequently, the NRC affirmed its original findings and reissued the two license amendments. Cajun and the Arkansas Cities and Cooperatives filed petitions for review of those NRC orders with the D. C. Circuit. On May 8, 1997, the D.C. Circuit granted Cajun's motion to dismiss its appeal. Arkansas Cities and Cooperatives' appeal has been briefed and remains pending. The two license amendments are currently in full force and effect. State Regulation (Entergy Arkansas, Entergy Gulf States, Entergy Louisiana, Entergy Mississippi, and Entergy New Orleans) General Entergy Arkansas is subject to regulation by the APSC, which includes the authority to set rates, determine reasonable and adequate service, require proper accounting, control leasing, control the acquisition or sale of any public utility plant or property constituting an operating unit or system, set rates of depreciation, issue certificates of convenience and necessity and certificates of environmental compatibility and public need, and regulate the issuance and sale of certain securities. Entergy Gulf States is subject to the jurisdiction of the municipal authorities of incorporated cities in Texas as to retail rates and service within their boundaries, with appellate jurisdiction over such matters residing in the PUCT. Entergy Gulf States is also subject to regulation by the PUCT as to retail rates and service in rural areas, certification of new generating plants, and extensions of service into new areas. Entergy Gulf States is subject to regulation by the LPSC as to electric and gas service, rates and charges, certification of generating facilities and power or capacity purchase contracts, depreciation, accounting, and other matters. Entergy Louisiana is subject to regulation by the LPSC as to electric service, rates and charges, certification of generating facilities and power or capacity purchase contracts, depreciation, accounting, and other matters. Entergy Louisiana is also subject to the jurisdiction of the Council with respect to such matters within Algiers. Entergy Mississippi is subject to regulation as to service, service areas, facilities, and retail rates by the MPSC. Entergy Mississippi is also subject to regulation by the APSC as to the certificate of environmental compatibility and public need for the Independence Station. Entergy New Orleans is subject to regulation by the Council as to electric and gas service, rates and charges, standards of service, depreciation, accounting, issuance of certain securities, and other matters. Franchises Entergy Arkansas holds exclusive franchises to provide electric service in approximately 300 incorporated cities and towns in Arkansas. These franchises are unlimited in duration and continue until such a time when the municipalities purchase the utility property. In Arkansas, franchises are considered to be contracts and, therefore, are terminable upon breach of the contract. Entergy Gulf States holds non-exclusive franchises, permits, or certificates of convenience and necessity to provide electric and gas service in approximately 55 incorporated municipalities in Louisiana and approximately 63 incorporated municipalities in Texas. Entergy Gulf States typically is granted 50-year franchises in Texas and 60-year franchises in Louisiana. Entergy Gulf States' current electric franchises will expire during 2007 - 2036 in Texas and during 2015 - 2046 in Louisiana. The natural gas franchise in the City of Baton Rouge will expire in 2015. In addition, Entergy Gulf States has received from the PUCT a certificate of convenience and necessity to provide electric service to areas within 21 counties in eastern Texas. Entergy Louisiana holds non-exclusive franchises to provide electric service in approximately 116 incorporated municipalities. Most of these franchises have 25-year terms, although six municipalities have granted Entergy Louisiana 60-year franchises. Entergy Louisiana also supplies electric service in approximately 353 unincorporated communities, all of which are located in parishes in which Entergy Louisiana holds non- exclusive franchises. Entergy Mississippi has received from the MPSC certificates of public convenience and necessity to provide electric service to areas within 45 counties, including a number of municipalities, in western Mississippi. Under Mississippi statutory law, such certificates are exclusive. Entergy Mississippi may continue to serve in such municipalities upon payment of a statutory franchise fee, regardless of whether an original municipal franchise is still in existence. Entergy New Orleans provides electric and gas service in the City of New Orleans pursuant to city ordinances, which state, among other things, that the City has a continuing option to purchase Entergy New Orleans' electric and gas utility properties. The business of System Energy is limited to wholesale power sales and has no distribution franchises. Regulation under the Electricity Act (Entergy London) The Regulator The principal legislation governing the structure and regulation of the electricity industry in Great Britain is the Electricity Act. The Electricity Act established the industry structure to enable privatization of the UK electric system. The Electricity Act also created the office of the Regulator, who is appointed by the Secretary of State for Trade and Industry. The present Regulator, Professor Stephen Littlechild, was appointed for a five year term ending on August 31, 1999. The Regulator's functions include, among other things, granting licenses to generate, transmit, distribute or supply electricity; proposing modifications to licenses and making license modification references to the MMC; enforcing compliance with license conditions; advising the Secretary of State for Trade and Industry relating to the approval of each non-fossil fuel source; calculating the Fossil Fuel Levy rate and collecting the levy; resolving certain disputes between electricity licensees and customers; and setting standards of performance for electricity licensees. The Regulator exercises concurrently with the Director General of Fair Trading certain functions relating to monopoly situations under the Fair Trading Act 1973 and certain functions relating to activities that have, or are intended or likely to have, the effect of restricting, distorting or preventing competition in the generation, transmission or supply of electricity under the Competition Act 1980. The Electricity Act requires the Regulator and the Secretary of State to exercise their functions to ensure that all reasonable demands for electricity are satisfied; to assure that license holders are able to finance their licensed activities; and to promote competition in the generation and supply of electricity. Subject to these duties, the Secretary of State and the Regulator are required to exercise their functions in a manner calculated to protect the interests of consumers of electricity in respect of price, continuity of supply, and the quality of electricity supply services; to promote efficiency and economy on the part of licensed electricity suppliers and the efficient use of electricity supplied to consumers; to promote research and development by persons authorized to generate, transmit or supply electricity; to protect the public from the dangers arising from the generation, transmission or supply of electricity, and to act for the protection of the health and safety of workers in the electricity industry. The Secretary of State and the Regulator also have a duty to consider the environmental activities connected with the generation, transmission, distribution or supply of electricity. The Secretary of State and the Regulator have a duty to consider, in particular, the interests of consumers in rural areas in respect of prices and other terms of supply. With regard to the quality of electricity supply services, they also have a duty to consider in particular the interests of those who are disabled or of pensionable age. PES License London Electricity has a PES license for its franchise area and is required to supply electricity upon request to any premises in that area, except in specified circumstances. Like all PES license holders, it may not discriminate between its own supply business and other users of its distribution system. The PES license also prohibits cross-subsidization among the various regulated businesses. PES license holders, including London Electricity, are subject to separate price controls on the amounts they may charge for the supply of electricity to Franchise Supply Customers. A PES license also requires a licensee, including London Electricity, to procure electricity at the best price reasonably obtainable from all available sources, including London Electricity. In England and Wales, each PES license limits the extent of the generation capacity in which the relevant REC may hold an interest without the prior consent of the Regulator ("own-generation limits"). In the case of London Electricity, the own-generation limit is fixed at 700 MW. After taking into account London Electricity's current ownership interest in a generation facility, the amount of additional generation investment which could be made by London Electricity is 565 MW. Investments by affiliates of Entergy in generating assets in the UK would be counted towards this own- generation limit under London Electricity's PES license. London Electricity has applied for and has been granted by the Regulator an exception from the own-generation limit, subject to certain conditions, for EPDC investments in the SCC and KPL projects. The most significant of these conditions, to which London Electricity has agreed, is that generating capacity from these projects will not be acquired by London Electricity for purposes of its supply business. Second Tier Supply Licenses Other than a PES license holder in its franchise area and subject to certain other exceptions, a supplier of electricity to premises in Great Britain must possess a second tier supply license. Subject to certain restrictions, second tier licensees may compete for the supply of electricity with one another and with the PES license holder in the relevant area. There are currently 34 second tier supply license holders for England and Wales. Modifications to Licenses Following the acquisition of London Electricity by Entergy London, London Electricity's PES License was modified during October 1997 to provide that, with a few minor exceptions, the only business activities which London Electricity is permitted to undertake directly are its first tier and second tier supply businesses and its distribution business. These modifications by the Regulator are intended to place financial protections around the licensed activities of London Electricity as a safeguard against financial pressures which might affect its ability to continue to finance its statutory and licensed functions, including necessary investment in its distribution businesses. Among other things, the modifications restrict the businesses in which London Electricity can participate, other than the licensed businesses, and regulates dealings between London Electricity and other companies (particularly affiliated companies). The modifications also require London Electricity to secure that it has sufficient management and financial resources to conduct its licensed businesses, give the Regulator an annual certificate of the adequacy of its financial resources, and maintain an investment grade rating for its debt as defined by Moody's and Standard & Poor's. Term and Revocation of Licenses London Electricity's PES license will continue in effect until at least 2025 unless revoked. Under ordinary circumstances, the license may not be revoked except on 25 years' prior notice, which notice may not be given until 2000. Otherwise, the Secretary of State may revoke a PES license by not less than 30 days' notice in writing to the licensee in certain specified circumstances, including, among other things, the failure to comply with a final order of the Regulator or the insolvency of the licensee. Other Regulatory Matters ( Entergy London) On June 30, 1997, the UK government announced a review of the regulatory framework governing the utilities, including electricity supply and distribution. This review is currently being undertaken. In October 1997, the UK government asked the Regulator to review electricity trading arrangements. This review is focusing on the wholesale electricity market in England and Wales and covers existing trading arrangements within the Electricity Pool, trading arrangements outside the Electricity Pool, and price setting mechanisms. Environmental Regulation General In the areas of air quality, water quality, control of toxic substances and hazardous and solid wastes, and other environmental matters, the facilities and operations of Entergy are subject to regulation by various governmental authorities. Entergy believes that its affected subsidiaries are in substantial compliance with environmental regulations currently applicable to their respective facilities and operations. Because environmental regulations are subject to change, future compliance costs cannot be precisely estimated. However, management currently estimates that future capital expenditures for environmental compliance purposes, including those discussed under "Clean Air Legislation," below, will not be material for Entergy as a whole, or for any of its reporting subsidiaries. Clean Air Legislation The Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990 (the Act) established the following three programs that affect Entergy's fossil-fueled generation now or may affect it in the future: (i) an acid rain program for control of sulfur dioxide (SO2) and nitrogen oxides (NOx); (ii) an ozone nonattainment area program for control of NOx and volatile organic compounds; and (iii) an operating permits program for administration and enforcement of these and other Act programs. Under the acid rain program, no additional control equipment is expected to be required by Entergy to control SO2. The Act provides "allowances" to most of the affected Entergy generating units for emissions based upon past emission levels and operating characteristics. Each allowance is an entitlement to emit one ton of SO2 per year. Under the Act, utilities are or will be required to possess allowances for SO2 emissions from affected generating units. All Entergy fossil-fueled generating units are classified as "Phase II" units under the Act and are subject to SO2 allowance requirements beginning in the year 2000. Based on operating history, the domestic utility companies have been allocated more allowances than are currently necessary for normal operations. Management believes that it will be able to operate the domestic utility companies' generating units efficiently without installing scrubbers or purchasing allowances from outside sources, and that one or more of the domestic utility companies may have excess allowances. Control equipment may eventually be required for certain of the domestic utility companies' generating units to achieve NOx reductions due to the ozone nonattainment status of the areas served by Entergy Gulf States in and around Beaumont and Houston, Texas. Texas environmental authorities are studying the causes of ozone pollution and have deferred NOx controls on power plants until at least 1999. If Texas decides to regulate NOx, the aggregate cost of such control equipment for the affected Entergy Gulf States plants is estimated to be $1.5 million through the year 2000. It is expected that Texas, in conjunction with the EPA, will publish future control strategies during 1998 and 1999. Depending on the strategies developed by Texas, additional costs may be incurred between 2000 and 2007, but these costs cannot be reasonably estimated until the strategies have been published. Other Environmental Matters The provisions of the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act of 1980, as amended (CERCLA), authorize the EPA and, indirectly, the states, to require generators and certain transporters of certain hazardous substances released from or at a site, and the owners or operators of any such site, to cleanup the site or reimburse such clean-up costs. CERCLA has been interpreted to impose joint and several liability on responsible parties. Entergy's domestic utility companies have sent waste materials to various disposal sites over the years. Also, certain operating procedures and maintenance practices employed by Entergy's domestic utility companies, which historically were not subject to regulation, now are regulated by environmental laws. Some of these sites have been the subject of governmental action under CERCLA, as a result of which the domestic utility companies have become involved with site clean-up activities. They have participated to various degrees in accordance with their respective potential liabilities in such site clean- ups and have developed experience with clean-up costs. The domestic utility companies have established reserves for such environmental clean- up/restoration activities. In the aggregate, the cost of such remediation is not considered material to Entergy or to any of its reporting subsidiaries. Entergy Arkansas Entergy Arkansas has received notices from time to time from the EPA, the Arkansas Department of Pollution Control & Ecology (ADPC&E), and others alleging that Entergy Arkansas, along with others, may be a PRP for clean- up costs associated with various sites in Arkansas. Most of these sites are neither owned nor operated by any Entergy company. Contaminants at the sites include polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), lead, and other hazardous substances. At the EPA's request, Entergy Arkansas voluntarily performed stabilization activities at the Benton Salvage site in Saline County, Arkansas. While the EPA has not named PRPs for this site, Entergy Arkansas has attempted to negotiate a settlement with the EPA. Entergy Arkansas and the EPA were unable to reach an agreement satisfactory to both parties. EPA initiated its own clean-up of the site in October 1996. Entergy Arkansas does not believe that its potential liability, if any, with respect to this site will be material. In May 1995, Entergy Arkansas was named as a defendant in a suit brought by Reynolds Metals Company (Reynolds) in the U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of Arkansas, seeking to recover a share of the costs associated with the clean-up of hazardous substances at Reynolds former Patterson plant site. Reynolds alleged that it spent $11.2 million to clean up the site, and that the site was contaminated with PCBs for which Entergy Arkansas bore some responsibility. In July 1997, the Court granted Entergy Arkansas' Motion for Summary Judgment and dismissed Reynolds lawsuit. Entergy Arkansas entered into a Consent Administrative Order, dated February 21, 1991, with the ADPC&E that named Entergy Arkansas as a PRP for the initial stabilization associated with contamination at the Utilities Services, Inc. state Superfund site located near Rison, Arkansas. This site was found to have soil contaminated by PCBs and pentachlorophenol (a wood preservative). Containers and drums that contained PCBs and other hazardous substances were found at the site. Entergy Arkansas' share of total remediation costs is estimated not to exceed $5.0 million. Entergy Arkansas is attempting to identify and notify other PRPs with respect to this site. Entergy Arkansas has received assurances that the ADPC&E will use its enforcement authority to allocate remediation expenses among Entergy Arkansas and any other PRPs that can be identified. Approximately 20 PRPs have been identified to date. Entergy Arkansas has performed the activities necessary to stabilize the site, at a cost of approximately $400,000. Entergy Gulf States Entergy Gulf States has been designated by the EPA as a PRP for the clean-up of certain hazardous waste disposal sites. Entergy Gulf States is currently negotiating with the EPA and state authorities regarding the clean-up of these sites. Several class action and other suits have been filed in state and federal courts seeking relief from Entergy Gulf States and others for damages caused by the disposal of hazardous waste and for asbestos-related disease allegedly resulting from exposure on Entergy Gulf States premises (see "Other Regulation and Litigation" below). As of December 31, 1997, a remaining recorded liability of $23.8 million existed relating to the clean-up of seven sites at which Entergy Gulf States has been designated as a PRP. In 1971, Entergy Gulf States purchased property near its Sabine generating station, known as the Bailey site, for possible expansion of cooling water facilities. Entergy Gulf States sold the property in 1984. In October 1984, an abandoned waste site on the property was included on the NPL by the EPA. Entergy Gulf States negotiated with the EPA and is a member of a task force with other PRPs for the voluntary clean-up of the waste site. A consent decree has been signed by all PRPs for the voluntary clean-up of the Bailey site. On-site remediation was completed during 1997. Total remediation costs are currently expected to be approximately $33 million; however, federal and state agencies are still examining potential liabilities associated with natural resource damage. Entergy Gulf States is expected to be responsible for 2.26% of the estimated clean- up cost, but Entergy Gulf States does not expect that its remaining responsibility with respect to this site will be material after allowance for its existing provision for clean-up in the amount of $300,000. Entergy Gulf States is currently involved in a multi-phased remedial investigation of an abandoned MGP site, known as the Lake Charles Service Center, located in Lake Charles, Louisiana, which is thought to have operated as an MGP from approximately 1916 to 1931. Coal tar, a by-product of the distillation process employed at MGPs, was apparently routed to a portion of the property for disposal. The same area has also been used as a landfill. Under an order, which is currently stayed, issued by the LDEQ, Entergy Gulf States was required to investigate and, if necessary, take remedial action at the site. Preliminary estimates of remediation costs are approximately $20 million. On February 13, 1995, the EPA published a proposed rule adding the Lake Charles Service Center to the NPL. Another PRP has been identified that may have had a role in the ownership and operation of the MGP. Negotiations with that company for joint participation and possible remedial action are ongoing. Entergy Gulf States has signed an Administrative Order on Consent negotiated with the EPA. Entergy Gulf States does not presently expect that its ultimate responsibility for this site will materially exceed its existing clean-up provision of $20 million. Entergy Gulf States is currently involved in an initial investigation of an MGP site, known as the Old Jennings Ice Plant, located in Jennings, Louisiana. The MGP site is believed to have operated from approximately 1909 to 1926, and is now occupied by an electrical substation and used for storage of transmission and distribution equipment. In July 1996, a petroleum-like substance was discovered on the surface soil, and notification was made to the LDEQ. The LDEQ was aware of this site based upon a survey performed by an environmental consultant for the EPA. Entergy Gulf States obtained the services of an environmental consultant to collect core samples and to perform a search of historical records to determine what activities occurred at Jennings. Results of the core sampling, which found limited amounts of contamination on-site, were submitted to the LDEQ. Entergy Gulf States is awaiting the LDEQ's comment on the submission, and does not expect that its ultimate financial responsibility with respect to this site will be material. The amount of its existing provision for clean-up is $500,000. Entergy Gulf States, along with Entergy Louisiana, has been named as a PRP for an abandoned waste oil recycling plant site in Livingston Parish, Louisiana, known as Combustion, Inc., which is included on the NPL. Entergy Gulf States has settled its alleged involvement in the Combustion Inc. site in a court approved settlement involving a payment of $161,000. Entergy Gulf States has also agreed to pay a portion of any future clean-up costs related to residual ground water, but does not expect that any such costs will be incurred. Entergy Gulf States, along with Entergy Arkansas and Entergy Louisiana, has been notified of its potential liability with respect to the Benton Salvage site located in Saline County, Arkansas. Although Entergy Gulf States and Entergy Louisiana have had minor involvement in the Benton Salvage site, no remediation is expected to be required of these companies. See "Entergy Arkansas" above for a discussion of the Benton Salvage site. Entergy Louisiana, Entergy New Orleans, and System Energy Entergy Louisiana, Entergy New Orleans, and System Energy have received notices from the EPA and/or the states of Louisiana and Mississippi that one or more of them may be a PRP for the following disposal sites that are neither owned nor operated by any Entergy subsidiary: - Entergy Louisiana, along with Entergy Arkansas and Entergy Gulf States, was notified in 1990 of its potential liability relating to the Benton Salvage site located in Saline County, Arkansas. Although Entergy Gulf States and Entergy Louisiana have been involved in the Benton Salvage site, their contributions are considered minor. Therefore, no remediation action is required by these companies. See "Entergy Arkansas" above for a discussion of the Benton Salvage site. - The MCEQ issued an order on October 13, 1997 ordering Entergy Louisiana to implement a remedial action work plan that had been prepared by a PRP committee for Disposal Systems, Inc. sites at Fifth Street (Clay Point) and Lee Street in Biloxi, Mississippi, and at Woolmarket, Mississippi. Entergy Louisiana filed a petition with the MCEQ denying that it had sent any wastes to the Lee Street or Woolmarket sites and alleging that wastes that had been transported by its contractor to Clay Point are not pollutants within the meaning of the Mississippi statutes or regulations, that any wastes at that site had been cleaned up under a consent decree between the EPA and the PRPs, approved by the U. S. District Court for the Southern District of Mississippi, Southern Division, and had been stored at a warehouse on the site, and, further, that the State of Mississippi has no jurisdiction in view of the consent decree of the federal court. The petition further requested a hearing before the MCEQ. No hearing date has been set. A PRP committee is attempting to draft a settlement proposal for all of the PRPs on sharing clean-up costs. The MCEQ issued a similar order on the same date to Entergy Louisiana's contractors, Ebasco Services, Inc., which Entergy Louisiana has agreed to defend and indemnify. The MCEQ issued a similar order on the same date to Bechtel Power, the contractor for System Energy on the Grand Gulf plant. System Energy was not named as a defendant in the order. Bechtel has filed a petition asking for a hearing. Entergy Louisiana's remediation costs at the site are not expected to be material. - From 1992 to 1994, Entergy Louisiana performed site assessments and remedial activities at three retired power plants, known as the Homer, Jonesboro, and Thibodaux municipal sites, previously owned and operated by Louisiana municipalities. Entergy Louisiana purchased power plants at these sites as part of the acquisition of municipal electric systems. The site assessments indicated some subsurface contamination from fuel oil. Remediation of the Homer and Jonesboro sites has been completed at an aggregate cost of approximately $180,000, and remediation of the Thibodaux site is expected to continue through 2000. The cost incurred through December 31, 1997 for the Thibodaux site is $305,000, and future costs are not expected to exceed the existing provision of $530,000. Entergy Louisiana and Entergy New Orleans have been named by the EPA as PRPs for associated clean-up costs for certain Louisiana disposal sites. Such sites include Combustion Inc., an abandoned waste oil recycling plant site located in Livingston Parish (involving at least 70 PRPs, including Entergy Gulf States, but not Entergy New Orleans), and the Dutchtown site (also included on the NPL and involving 57 PRPs). Entergy Louisiana has settled its alleged involvement in the Combustion Inc. site in a court approved settlement for a payment of $225,000. Entergy Louisiana has also agreed to pay a portion of any future clean-up costs related to residual ground water, but does not expect that any such costs will be incurred. With respect to the Dutchtown site, Entergy New Orleans believes it has no liability because the material it sent to this site was not a hazardous substance. During 1993, the LDEQ issued new rules for solid waste regulation, including regulation of waste water impoundments. Entergy Louisiana has determined that certain of its power plant waste water impoundments were affected by these regulations and has chosen to upgrade or close them. As a result, a remaining recorded liability in the amount of $6.7 million existed at December 31, 1997 for waste water upgrades and closures. Completion of this work is awaiting the LDEQ's approval. Cumulative expenditures relating to the upgrades and closures of waste water impoundments are $7.1 million as of December 31, 1997. UK Environmental Regulation (Entergy London) London Electricity's businesses are subject to numerous regulatory requirements with respect to the protection of the environment. The Electricity Act obligates the UK Secretary of State for Trade and Industry (the "Secretary of State") to consider the effect of electricity generation, transmission, and supply activities upon the environment in approving applications for the construction of generating facilities and the location of overhead power lines. The Electricity Act requires London Electricity to have regard to the desirability of preserving natural beauty and the conservation of natural and man-made features of particular interest when it formulates proposals for development of certain of its activities. London Electricity mitigates the effects of its proposals on natural and man-made features and is required to carry out an environmental assessment before laying cables, constructing overhead lines, or carrying out any other development in connection with its licensed activities. London Electricity also has produced an Environmental Policy Statement that sets forth its plans for compliance with its environmental obligations under the Electricity Act. The Environmental Protection Act 1990 addresses waste management issues and imposes certain obligations and duties on companies that handle and dispose of waste. Some of London Electricity's distribution activities produce waste, but London Electricity believes that it is in compliance with the applicable standards. Possible adverse health effects of EMFs from various sources, including transmission and distribution lines, have been the subject of a number of studies and increasing public discussion. The scientific research currently is inconclusive as to whether EMFs cause adverse health effects. The only UK standards for exposure to power frequency EMFs are those promulgated by the National Radiological Protection Board and relate to the levels above which non-reversible physiological effects may be observed. London Electricity fully complies with these standards. However, the possibility exists that passage of legislation and change of regulatory standards could require measures to mitigate EMFs, with resulting increases in capital and operating costs. In addition, the potential exists for public liability with respect to lawsuits brought by plaintiffs alleging damages caused by EMFs. London Electricity has approximately 677 miles of oil-filled underground cables that operate at 33kV and 132kV. These cables generally supply substantial amounts of electricity to large substations in urban areas and to large customers. The majority of these cables are between 30 and 50 years old. London Electricity operates these cables in accordance with the "Environment Agency and Electricity Companies (in England and Wales) Operating Code on the Management of Fluid-Filled Cables," monitoring and repairing both gradual and substantial leaks, which arise through age deterioration and third party damage. London Electricity has a program to minimize oil leakage and reduce the possibility of pollution to watercourses and ground water. This program includes a plan for gradual replacement of these cables with more modern solid cables. London Electricity believes that the existing monitoring systems and planned replacement program are sufficient to avoid major environmental incidents or unnecessary replacement expenditures. London Electricity could incur significant expenditures if it were required to replace all or substantially all of its fluid-filled cables, other than in the ordinary course of business, pursuant to new or existing legislation. Other Regulation and Litigation Merger (Entergy Corporation and Entergy Gulf States) In July and August 1992, applications were filed with FERC, the LPSC, the PUCT, and the SEC under PUHCA, seeking authorization of various aspects of the Merger. In January 1993, Entergy Gulf States filed two applications with the NRC seeking approval of the change in ownership of Entergy Gulf States and an amendment to the operating license for River Bend to reflect its operation by Entergy Operations. All regulatory approvals were obtained in 1993 and the Merger was consummated on December 31, 1993. FERC's orders approving the Merger were appealed to the D.C. Circuit by Entergy Services, the City of New Orleans, the Arkansas Electric Energy Consumers (AEEC), the APSC, Cajun, the MPSC, the American Forest and Paper Association, the State of Mississippi, the City of Benton and other cities, and Occidental Chemical Corporation (Occidental). Entergy Services sought review of FERC's deletion of a 40% cap on the amount of fuel savings Entergy Gulf States may be required to transfer to other Entergy domestic utility companies under a tracking mechanism designed to protect the other companies from certain unexpected increases in fuel costs. The other parties sought to overturn FERC's decisions on various grounds, including issues as to whether FERC appropriately conditioned the Merger to protect various interested parties from alleged harm and FERC's reliance on Entergy's transmission tariff to mitigate any potential anticompetitive impacts of the Merger. On November 18, 1994, the D.C. Circuit denied motions filed by Cajun, Occidental, and AEEC for a remand to FERC and a partial summary grant of the petitions for review. At the same time, the D.C. Circuit ordered that the cases be held in abeyance pending FERC's issuance of (i) a final order on remand in the proceedings on Entergy's transmission tariff (see discussion of tariff case in "RATE MATTERS AND REGULATION - Rate Matters - Wholesale Rate Matters - Open Access Transmission" above), and (ii) a final order on competition issues in the proceedings on the Merger. On December 30, 1993, Entergy Services submitted to FERC tariff revisions to comply with FERC's order dated December 15, 1993, approving the Merger. On February 4, 1994, the APSC and AEEC filed with FERC a joint protest, alleging that Entergy should be required to insulate the ratepayers of Entergy Arkansas, Entergy Louisiana, Entergy Mississippi, and Entergy New Orleans from all litigation liabilities related to Entergy Gulf States' River Bend nuclear facility. In a May 17, 1994, order on rehearing, FERC addressed Entergy's commitment to insulate the customers of Entergy Arkansas, Entergy Louisiana, Entergy Mississippi, and Entergy New Orleans against liability resulting from certain litigation involving River Bend. In response to FERC's clarification of Entergy's commitment, Entergy Services filed a new compliance filing on June 16, 1994. The APSC and AEEC subsequently filed protests questioning the adequacy of Entergy's June 16, 1994, compliance filing. FERC has not yet acted on the compliance filings. Employment Litigation (Entergy Corporation, Entergy Arkansas, Entergy Gulf States, Entergy Louisiana, and Entergy New Orleans) Entergy Corporation, Entergy Arkansas, Entergy Gulf States, Entergy Louisiana, and Entergy New Orleans are defendants in numerous lawsuits that have been filed by former employees asserting that they were wrongfully terminated and/or discriminated against due to age, race, and/or sex. Entergy Corporation, Entergy Arkansas, Entergy Gulf States, Entergy Louisiana, and Entergy New Orleans are vigorously defending these suits and deny any liability to the plaintiffs. However, no assurance can be given as to the outcome of these cases, and an adverse outcome in one or more cases could have a material adverse financial effect on any of the Entergy defendants. See "Employment Litigation" in Note 9 for information regarding these lawsuits. Asbestos and Hazardous Waste Suits (Entergy Gulf States and Entergy Louisiana) A number of plaintiffs who allegedly suffered damage or injury, or are survivors of persons who died, allegedly as a result of exposure to "hazardous toxic waste" that emanated from a site in Livingston Parish, Louisiana, sued Entergy Gulf States and approximately 70 other defendants, including Entergy Louisiana, in 17 suits filed in the Livingston Parish District Court. The plaintiffs alleged that the defendants generated, transported, or participated in the storage of such wastes at the facility, which was previously operated as a waste oil recycling facility. These suits, and three federal suits in three states other than Louisiana involving issues arising from the same facility, were consolidated in the U.S. District Court for the Middle District of Louisiana. Entergy Gulf States and Entergy Louisiana have settled all claims against them in the suits and the settlements were approved by court order on February 7, 1996 and June 4, 1997, respectively. Entergy Gulf States' and Entergy Louisiana's shares of the settlements of these cases is not material to their financial position or results of operations. (Entergy Gulf States) A total of 25 suits have been filed on behalf of approximately 1,200 plaintiffs in state and federal courts in Jefferson and Orange Counties, Texas. These suits seek relief from Entergy Gulf States as well as numerous other defendants for damages caused to the plaintiffs or others by the alleged exposure to hazardous waste and asbestos on the defendants' premises. The plaintiffs in some of these suits are also suing Entergy Gulf States and all other defendants on a conspiracy claim. There are ten asbestos-related lawsuits filed in the District Court of Calcasieu Parish in Lake Charles, Louisiana, on behalf of approximately fifteen plaintiffs naming numerous defendants including Entergy Gulf States. The suits allege that each plaintiff contracted an asbestos-related disease from exposure to asbestos insulation products on the premises of the defendants. A total of eighteen lawsuits have been filed in Louisiana on behalf of 24 plaintiffs in state courts in East Baton Rouge, Iberville, and Ascension Parishes. These suits seek relief from Entergy Gulf States and numerous other defendants for damages caused to the plaintiffs or others by alleged exposure to hazardous waste and asbestos on the defendants' premises. It is not known yet how many of the plaintiffs in any of the foregoing cases worked on Entergy Gulf States' premises. Settlements with approximately 800 of the Jefferson County plaintiffs and with approximately 100 of the Calcasieu Parish plaintiffs are in the process of being consummated. Entergy Gulf States' share of the settlements of these cases is not material to its financial position or results of operations. Cajun - River Bend Litigation (Entergy Corporation and Entergy Gulf States) See "Cajun - River Bend Litigation" in Note 9 herein for a discussion of this litigation. Cajun - Transmission Service (Entergy Corporation and Entergy Gulf States) See "Cajun - River Bend Litigation" in Note 9 herein for a discussion of this litigation. Cajun - Coal Contracts (Entergy Corporation and Entergy Gulf States) See "Cajun-Coal Contracts" in Note 9 herein for a discussion of this litigation. Service Area Dispute (Entergy Corporation and Entergy Mississippi) In October 1994, twelve Mississippi cities filed a complaint in state court against Entergy Mississippi and eight electric power associations seeking a judgment declaring unconstitutional certain Mississippi statutes relating to the acquisition by a municipality of facilities and certificate rights of a utility serving in the municipality. The suit requests that the court declare unconstitutional certain 1987 amendments to the Mississippi Public Utilities Act that require that the MPSC cancel a utility's certificate to serve in the municipality before a municipality may acquire a utility's facilities located in the municipality. The suit also requests that the court find that Mississippi municipalities can serve any consumer in the boundaries of the municipality and within one mile thereof. Entergy Mississippi and the other defendants filed motions to dismiss, which were granted in October 1995. The plaintiffs appealed the dismissal to the Mississippi Supreme Court. In September 1997, the Mississippi Supreme Court affirmed the decision of the lower court finding in favor of Entergy Mississippi and dismissing the municipalities' complaint. A petition for rehearing filed by the municipalities was denied by the Mississippi Supreme Court in November 1997. Taxes Paid Under Protest (Entergy Corporation and Entergy Louisiana) Since the mid-1980's, Entergy Louisiana and the tax authorities of St. Charles Parish, Louisiana (Parish), where Waterford 3 is located, have disputed use taxes on nuclear fuel paid under protest by Entergy Louisiana, and lease tax issues pertaining to fuel financing arrangements. In May 1997, the Parish and Entergy Louisiana settled all pending use and lease tax litigation. This settlement includes the return to Entergy Louisiana of tax payments made under protest and the dismissal of nuclear fuel related suits against Entergy Louisiana and/or the fuel lessors. Since 1990, Entergy Louisiana and the state tax authority have disputed state use tax paid under protest on nuclear fuel ($8.8 million at December 31, 1997) by Entergy Louisiana. The fuel was purchased for Waterford 3. Entergy Louisiana has filed lawsuits to recover these taxes, and certain of these suits involve additional legal issues related to an exemption for boiler fuel. The suits regarding these disputes have been consolidated for trial, but a trial date has not been set. Catalyst Technologies, Inc. (Entergy Corporation) In June 1993, Catalyst Technologies, Inc. (CTI) filed a petition in the Civil District Court for the Parish of Orleans, Louisiana (CDC), against Electec, Inc., now named Entergy Enterprises, Inc. (EEI), which is a wholly-owned non-utility subsidiary of Entergy Corporation. The petition alleged, among other things, breach of contract, and breach of the obligation of good-faith and fair dealing. On August 8, 1997, a jury in the CDC returned a verdict against EEI in the amount of $346 million plus interest of approximately $118 million. On November 15, 1997, the trial judge entered a judgment notwithstanding the verdict in the CTI lawsuit. Finding as a matter of law that the jury's verdict was incorrect, the judge ruled that no contract ever existed between CTI and Entergy Enterprises, and that the verdict was contrary to the law and the evidence. CTI has appealed this ruling to the Louisiana Court of Appeal for the Fourth Circuit. No date for the filing of appellate briefs or oral argument has been set. On September 30, 1997, CTI filed another lawsuit against Entergy Corporation, Entergy Services, Entergy Enterprises and certain individuals who are, or at one time were, directors of those corporations. The suit claims, among other things, that CTI suffered damages as a result of actions on the part of Entergy that allegedly caused the individual defendants to breach their fiduciary duties owed to Entergy Enterprises and, indirectly, to CTI as Entergy Enterprises' judgment creditor. After the decision of the trial judge in the original CTI suit, CTI voluntarily moved to dismiss this proceeding, and it was dismissed without prejudice on January 16, 1998. Union Pacific Railroad (Entergy Corporation and Entergy Arkansas) In October 1997, Entergy Arkansas and Entergy Services filed a civil suit against Union Pacific Railroad Company (Union Pacific) in the United States District Court for the Middle District of Louisiana. This suit, which seeks damages and the termination of coal shipping contracts with Union Pacific, maintains that Union Pacific has failed to meet its contractual obligations to ship coal to Entergy Arkansas' two large coal- fired plants and that such failure has impaired Entergy Arkansas' ability to generate and sell electricity from these plants. EARNINGS RATIOS OF DOMESTIC UTILITY COMPANIES, SYSTEM ENERGY, AND ENTERGY LONDON The domestic utility companies', System Energy's, and Entergy London's ratios of earnings to fixed charges and ratios of earnings to combined fixed charges and preferred dividends pursuant to Item 503 of SEC Regulation S-K are as follows: Ratios of Earnings to Fixed Charges Years Ended December 31, 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 Entergy Arkansas 3.11(b) 2.32 2.56 2.93 2.54 Entergy Gulf States 1.54 (c)- 1.86 1.47 1.42 Entergy Louisiana 3.06 2.91 3.18 3.16 2.74 Entergy Mississippi 3.79(b) 2.12 2.92 3.40 2.98 Entergy New Orleans 4.68(b) 1.91 3.93 3.51 2.70 System Energy 1.87 1.23 2.07 2.21 2.31 Entergy London N/A N/A N/A N/A (d)- Ratios of Earnings to Combined Fixed Charges and Preferred Dividends Years Ended December 31, 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 Entergy Arkansas 2.54(b) 1.97 2.12 2.44 2.24 Entergy Gulf States(a) 1.21 (c)- 1.54 1.19 1.23 Entergy Louisiana 2.39 2.43 2.60 2.64 2.36 Entergy Mississippi 3.08(b) 1.81 2.51 2.95 2.69 Entergy New Orleans 4.12(b) 1.73 3.56 3.22 2.44 (a) "Preferred Dividends" in the case of Entergy Gulf States also include dividends on preference stock. (b) Earnings for the year ended December 31, 1993, include approximately $81 million, $52 million, and $18 million for Entergy Arkansas, Entergy Mississippi, and Entergy New Orleans, respectively, related to the change in accounting principle to provide for the accrual of estimated unbilled revenues. (c) Earnings for the year ended December 31, 1994, for Entergy Gulf States were not adequate to cover fixed charges and combined fixed charges and preferred dividends by $144.8 million and $197.1 million, respectively. (d) As a result of the windfall profits tax of $234 million, earnings for the twelve months ended December 31, 1997, for Entergy London were insufficient to cover fixed charges by $204 million. INDUSTRY SEGMENTS Entergy New Orleans Narrative Description of Entergy New Orleans Industry Segments Electric Service Entergy New Orleans supplied retail electric service to approximately 189,000 customers as of December 31, 1997. During 1997, 39% of electric operating revenues was derived from residential sales, 38% from commercial sales, 7% from industrial sales, and 16% from sales to governmental and municipal customers. Natural Gas Service Entergy New Orleans supplied retail natural gas service to approximately 151,000 customers as of December 31, 1997. During 1997, 55% of gas operating revenues was derived from residential sales, 19% from commercial sales, 11% from industrial sales, and 15% from sales to governmental and municipal customers. (See "FUEL SUPPLY - Natural Gas Purchased for Resale.") Selected Financial Information Relating to Industry Segments For selected financial information relating to Entergy New Orleans' industry segments, see Entergy New Orleans' financial statements and Note 15. Entergy Gulf States For the year ended December 31, 1997, 96% of Entergy Gulf States' operating revenues was derived from the electric utility business. Of the remaining operating revenues, 2% was derived from the steam business and 2% from the natural gas business. Entergy London Entergy London's distribution and supply businesses both served approximately 2.0 million customers as of December 31, 1997. During 1997, operating revenues derived from the distribution and supply business were 22% and 74%, respectively. The remaining 4% of operating revenues was derived from Entergy London's investment in private distribution networks, electricity contracting services, and investments in generating assets. PROPERTY Generating Stations The total capability of Entergy's owned and leased generating stations as of December 31, 1997, by company and by fuel type, is indicated below: Owned and Leased Capability MW(1) Gas Turbine and Internal Company Total Fossil Nuclear Combustion Hydro Entergy Arkansas 4,373 (2) 2,379 1,694 230 (4) 70 Entergy Gulf States 6,854 (2) 5,843 936 75 - Entergy Louisiana 5,423 (2) 4,329 1,075 19 - Entergy Mississippi 3,063 (2) 3,052 - 11 - Entergy New Orleans 934 (2) 918 - 16 - System Energy 1,080 - 1,080 - - ------------------------------------------------- Total 21,727 (3) 16,521 (3) 4,785 351 70 ================================================= (1) "Owned and Leased Capability" is the dependable load carrying capability as demonstrated under actual operating conditions based on the primary fuel (assuming no curtailments) that each station was designed to utilize. (2) Excludes the capacity of fossil-fueled generating stations placed on extended reserve as follows: Entergy Arkansas - 506 MW; Entergy Gulf States - 405 MW; Entergy Louisiana - 157 MW; Entergy Mississippi - 73 MW; Entergy New Orleans - 143 MW. Generating stations that are not expected to be utilized in the near-term to meet load requirements are placed in extended reserve shutdown in order to minimize operating expenses. (3) Excludes net capability of generating facilities owned by Entergy Power, which owns 725 MW of fossil-fueled capacity. (4) Includes 188 MW of capacity leased by Entergy Arkansas through 1999. Load and capacity projections are reviewed periodically to assess the need and timing of additional generating capacity and of interconnections in light of the availability of power, the location of new loads, and maximum economy to Entergy. Domestically, based on load and capability projections and bulk power availability, Entergy has no current plans to install new generating capacity. When new generation resources are needed, Entergy expects to meet this need by means other than construction of new base load generating capacity. Entergy expects to meet future capacity needs by, among other things, purchasing power in the wholesale power market and/or removing generating stations from extended reserve shutdown. Under the terms of the System Agreement, certain generating capacity and other power resources are shared among the domestic utility companies. The System Agreement provides, among other things, that parties having generating reserves greater than their load requirements (long companies) shall receive payments from those parties having deficiencies in generating reserves (short companies) and an amount sufficient to cover certain of the long companies' costs, including operating expenses, fixed charges on debt, dividend requirements on preferred and preference stock, and a fair rate of return on common equity investment. Under the System Agreement, these charges are based on costs associated with the long companies' steam electric generating units fueled by oil or gas. In addition, for all energy exchanged among the domestic utility companies under the System Agreement, the short companies are required to pay the cost of fuel consumed in generating such energy plus a charge to cover other associated costs (see "RATE MATTERS AND REGULATION - Rate Matters - Wholesale Rate Matters - System Agreement," above, for a discussion of FERC proceedings relating to the System Agreement). Entergy's domestic business is subject to seasonal fluctuations, with the peak period occurring in the summer months. The 1997 peak demand of 19,545 MW occurred on August 19, 1997. The total operational system capability at the time of peak was 21,446 MW. This gives a reserve margin at the time of the peak of approximately 8.9%. This does not include capacity owned by Entergy Power. London Electricity and CitiPower both normally have peak activity in their winter months. Interconnections The electric generating facilities of Entergy's domestic utility companies consist principally of steam-electric production facilities strategically located with reference to availability of fuel, protection of local loads, and other controlling economic factors. These are interconnected by a transmission system operating at various voltages up to 500 kV. Generally, with the exception of Grand Gulf 1, Entergy Power's capacity and a small portion of Entergy Mississippi's capacity, operating facilities or interests therein are owned by the domestic utility company serving the area in which the facilities are located. All of Entergy's generating facilities are centrally dispatched and operated in order to obtain low cost sources of energy with a minimum of investment and efficient use of plant. In addition to the many neighboring utilities with which the domestic utility companies interconnect, the domestic utility companies are members of the Southeastern Electric Reliability Council, the primary purpose of which is to ensure the reliability and adequacy of the electric bulk power supply in the southeast region of the United States. The Southeastern Electric Reliability Council is a member of the North American Electric Reliability Council. Gas Property As of December 31, 1997, Entergy New Orleans distributed and transported natural gas for distribution solely within the limits of the City of New Orleans through a total of 1487 miles of gas distribution mains and 62 miles of gas transmission pipelines. Koch Gateway Pipeline Company is a principal supplier of natural gas to Entergy New Orleans, delivering to six of Entergy New Orleans' thirteen delivery points. As of December 31, 1997, the gas properties of Entergy Gulf States were not material to Entergy Gulf States. Titles Entergy's generating stations are generally located on properties owned in fee simple. The greater portion of the transmission and distribution lines of the domestic utility companies have been constructed over property of private owners pursuant to easements or on public highways and streets pursuant to appropriate franchises, and pursuant to statute in the case of Entergy London. The rights of such company in the property on which its facilities are located are considered by each such company to be adequate for its use in the conduct of its business. Minor defects and irregularities customarily found in properties of like size and character exist, but such defects and irregularities do not materially impair the use of the properties affected thereby. The domestic utility companies generally have the right of eminent domain, whereby they may, if necessary, perfect or secure titles to, or easements or servitudes on, privately held lands used in or reasonable necessary for their utility operations. Substantially all the physical properties owned by each domestic utility company, and System Energy, are subject to the lien of mortgages securing the first mortgage bonds of such company. The Lewis Creek generating station is owned by GSG&T, Inc., a subsidiary of Entergy Gulf States, and is not subject to the lien of the Entergy Gulf States mortgage securing the first mortgage bonds of Entergy Gulf States, but is leased to and operated by Entergy Gulf States. In the case of Entergy Louisiana, certain properties are also subject to the lien of a second mortgage securing other obligations of Entergy Louisiana. In the case of Entergy Mississippi, substantially all of its properties and assets are also subject to the second mortgage lien of its general and refunding mortgage bond indenture. FUEL SUPPLY The sources of generation and average fuel cost per KWH for the domestic utility companies and System Energy for the years 1995-1997 were: Natural Gas Fuel Oil Nuclear Fuel Coal % Cents % Cents % Cents % Cents of per of per of Per of Per Year Gen KWH Gen KWH Gen KWH Gen KWH 1997 39 2.97 4 3.11 41 .54 16 1.73 1996 42 2.99 1 3.03 41 .56 16 1.73 1995 50 1.99 - - 35 .60 15 1.73 Actual 1997 and projected 1998 sources of generation for the domestic utility companies and System Energy are: Natural Gas Fuel Oil Nuclear Coal 1997 1998 1997 1998 1997 1998 1997 1998 Entergy Arkansas 5% 8% - - 62% 51% 32% 40% Entergy Gulf States 65% 64% - - 19% 21% 16% 15% Entergy Louisiana 63% 47% 1% - 36% 53% - - Entergy Mississippi 38% 69% 33% - - - 29% 31% Entergy New Orleans 89% 100% 11% - - - - - System Energy - - - - 100%(a) 100%(a) - - Total 39% 40% 4% - 41% 41% 16% 19% (a)Capacity and energy from System Energy's interest in Grand Gulf 1 is allocated as follows: Entergy Arkansas - 36%; Entergy Louisiana - 14%; Entergy Mississippi - 33%; and Entergy New Orleans - 17%. The balance of generation, which was immaterial, was provided by hydroelectric power. Natural Gas The domestic utility companies have long-term firm and short-term interruptible gas contracts. Long-term firm contracts comprise less than 30% of the domestic utility companies' total requirements but can be called upon, if necessary, to satisfy a significant percentage of the domestic utility companies' needs. Additional gas requirements are satisfied by short-term contracts and spot-market purchases. Entergy Gulf States has a transportation service agreement with a gas supplier that provides flexible natural gas service to certain generating stations by using such supplier's pipeline and gas storage facility. Many factors, including wellhead deliverability, storage and pipeline capacity, and demand requirements of end users, influence the availability and price of natural gas supplies for power plants. Demand is tied to weather conditions as well as to the prices of other energy sources. Supplies of natural gas are expected to be adequate in 1998. However, pursuant to federal and state regulations, gas supplies to power plants may be interrupted during periods of shortage. To the extent natural gas supplies may be disrupted, the domestic utility companies will use alternate fuels, such as oil, or rely on coal and nuclear generation. Coal Entergy Arkansas has long-term contracts with suppliers for the supply of low-sulfur coal from mines in the State of Wyoming for White Bluff and Independence. These contracts, which expire in 2002 and 2011, provide for approximately 85% of Entergy Arkansas' expected annual coal requirements through 2002. Additional requirements are satisfied by annual spot market purchases. Entergy Gulf States has a contract for a supply of low-sulfur Wyoming coal for Nelson Unit 6, which should be sufficient to satisfy its fuel requirements for that unit through 2010. Cajun has advised Entergy Gulf States that Cajun has contracts that should provide an adequate supply of coal until 1999 for the operation of Big Cajun 2, Unit 3. Nuclear Fuel The nuclear fuel cycle involves the mining and milling of uranium ore to produce a concentrate, the conversion of the concentrate to uranium hexafluoride gas, enrichment of that gas, fabrication of nuclear fuel assemblies for use in fueling nuclear reactors, and disposal of the spent fuel. System Fuels is responsible for contracts to acquire nuclear material to be used in fueling Entergy Arkansas', Entergy Louisiana's, and System Energy's nuclear units and maintaining inventories of such materials during the various stages of processing. Each of these companies contracts for the fabrication of its own nuclear fuel and purchases the required enriched uranium hexafluoride from System Fuels. The requirements for Entergy Gulf States' River Bend plant are covered by contracts made by Entergy Gulf States. Entergy Operations acts as agent for System Fuels and Entergy Gulf States in negotiating and/or administering nuclear fuel contracts. Based upon currently planned fuel cycles, Entergy's nuclear units have existing contracts and inventory to provide adequate materials and services. Current contracts for uranium concentrate and conversion of the concentrate to uranium hexafluoride will provide a significant percentage of these materials and services through termination dates ranging from 1998- 2002. Additional materials and services required beyond these dates are expected to be available for the foreseeable future. Current contracts for enrichment will provide a significant percentage of these materials and services through approximately 2002. Current fabrication contracts will provide a significant percentage of these materials and services for termination dates ranging from 2000-2002. The Nuclear Waste Policy Act of 1982 provides for the disposal of spent nuclear fuel or high level waste by the DOE. See Note 9, COMMITMENTS AND CONTINGENCIES, Spent Nuclear Fuel and Decommissioning Costs for additional discussion of spent nuclear fuel disposal. Entergy will enter into additional arrangements to acquire nuclear fuel beyond the dates shown above. Except as noted above, Entergy cannot predict the ultimate cost of such arrangements. Entergy Arkansas, Entergy Gulf States, Entergy Louisiana, and System Energy have made arrangements to lease nuclear fuel and related equipment and services. The lessors finance the acquisition and ownership of nuclear fuel through credit agreements and the issuance of notes. These agreements are subject to annual renewal with, in Entergy Louisiana's and Entergy Gulf States' case, the consent of the lenders. See Note 10 for further discussion of nuclear fuel leases. Entergy Gulf States received nuclear fuel as part of the settlement of the Cajun litigation. This nuclear fuel is currently owned by Entergy Gulf States and is not under lease. Natural Gas Purchased for Resale Entergy New Orleans has several suppliers of natural gas for resale. Its system is interconnected with three interstate and three intrastate pipelines. Presently, Entergy New Orleans' primary suppliers are Koch Energy Trading Company (KET), an interstate gas marketer, Bridgeline and Pontchartrain via Louisiana Gas Services (LGS). Entergy New Orleans has a "no-notice" service gas purchase contract with KET. The KET gas supply is transported to Entergy New Orleans pursuant to a transportation service agreement with Koch Gateway Pipeline Company (KGPC). This service is subject to FERC-approved rates. Entergy New Orleans has firm contracts with its two intrastate suppliers and also makes interruptible spot market purchases. In recent years, natural gas deliveries have been subject primarily to weather-related curtailments. However, Entergy New Orleans has experienced no such curtailments. After the implementation of FERC-mandated interstate pipeline restructuring in 1993, curtailments of interstate gas supply could occur if Entergy New Orleans' suppliers failed to perform their obligations to deliver gas under their supply agreements. KGPC could curtail transportation capacity only in the event of pipeline system constraints. Based on the current supply of natural gas, and absent extreme weather- related curtailments, Entergy New Orleans does not anticipate any interruptions in natural gas deliveries to its customers. Entergy Gulf States purchases natural gas for resale under an agreement with Mid Louisiana Gas Company. Abandonment of service by the present supplier would be subject to abandonment proceedings by FERC. Research Entergy Arkansas, Entergy Gulf States, Entergy Louisiana, Entergy Mississippi, and Entergy New Orleans are members of the Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI). EPRI conducts a broad range of research in major technical fields related to the electric utility industry. Entergy participates in various EPRI projects based on Entergy's needs and available resources. During each of the years 1997, 1996, and 1995, Entergy contributed approximately $9 million for EPRI and other research programs. Item 2. Properties Refer to Item 1. "Business - PROPERTY," for information regarding the properties of the registrants. Item 3. Legal Proceedings Refer to Item 1. "Business - RATE MATTERS AND REGULATION," for details of the registrants' material rate proceedings, environmental regulation and proceedings, and other regulatory proceedings and litigation that are pending or that terminated in the fourth quarter of 1997. Item 4. Submission of Matters to a Vote of Security Holders During the fourth quarter of 1997, no matters were submitted to a vote of the security holders of Entergy Corporation, Entergy Arkansas, Entergy Gulf States, Entergy Louisiana, Entergy Mississippi, Entergy New Orleans, System Energy, or Entergy London. DIRECTORS AND EXECUTIVE OFFICERS OF ENTERGY CORPORATION Directors Information required by this item concerning directors of Entergy Corporation is set forth under the heading "Proposal 1--Election of Directors" contained in the Proxy Statement of Entergy Corporation, (the "Proxy Statement"), to be filed in connection with its Annual Meeting of Stockholders to be held May 15, 1998, ("Annual Meeting"), and is incorporated herein by reference. Information required by this item concerning officers and directors of the remaining registrants is reported in Part III of this document. Executive Officers
Name Age Position Period Edwin Lupberger (a) 61 Chairman of the Board, Chief 1985-Present Executive Officer, and Director of Entergy Corporation Chairman of the Board and Chief 1993-Present Executive Officer of Entergy Arkansas, Entergy Louisiana, Entergy Mississippi, and Entergy New Orleans Chairman of the Board, Chief 1994-Present Executive Officer, and Director of Entergy Gulf States Chairman of the Board and Director of 1996-Present Entergy Integrated Solutions, Inc. Chairman of the Board of System 1986-Present Energy and Entergy Enterprises Chairman of the Board of Entergy 1990-Present Operations Chairman of the Board of Entergy 1985-Present Services Chief Executive Officer of Entergy 1991-Present Services Chief Executive Officer of Entergy 1993-Present Power, EPDC, and Entergy-Richmond Power Corporation Chief Executive Officer of Entergy 1994-Present Pakistan, Ltd. and Entergy Power Asia, Ltd. Chief Executive Officer of EP Edegel, 1995-Present Inc., Entergy Power Holding II, Ltd., EPMC, Entergy Power Operations Corporation, Entergy Power Operations Holdings, Ltd., Entergy Power Operations Pakistan LDC, Entergy Victoria LDC, Entergy Victoria Holdings LDC, EPG Cayman Holding I, EPG Cayman Holding II, Entergy Power CBA Holding, Ltd., and Entergy Power Edesur Holding, Ltd. Chief Executive Officer of Entergy 1995-1997 Power Development International Corporation Chief Executive Officer of Entergy 1996-Present Power International Holdings Corporation and Entergy Mexico Ltd. Chief Executive Officer of Entergy 1997-Present London Limited, Entergy London, and Entergy Power Chile, Inc. President of Entergy Corporation 1995-Present President of Entergy Services and 1994-Present Entergy Enterprises General Manager of Entergy Power 1997-Present Chile, S.A. Director and Chairman of the Board of 1997-Present Entergy Nuclear, Inc., Entergy Technology Company, ETHC, Entergy London Limited and Entergy London Director of Entergy Arkansas, Entergy 1986-Present Louisiana, Entergy Mississippi, Entergy New Orleans, and System Energy Director of Entergy Operations and 1994-Present Entergy Services Director of Entergy Enterprises 1984-Present Chief Executive Officer of Entergy 1995-1996 Edegel I, Inc., Entergy Power Holding I, Ltd., and Entergy Yacyreta I, Inc. Chairman of the Board of Entergy 1990-1993 Power Chief Executive Officer of Entergy 1991-1994 Enterprises Jerry L. Maulden 61 Vice Chairman of Entergy Corporation 1995-Present Vice Chairman and Chief Operating 1993-Present Officer of Entergy Arkansas, Entergy Gulf States, Entergy Louisiana, Entergy Mississippi, and Entergy New Orleans Vice Chairman of Entergy Services 1992-Present Director of Entergy Arkansas 1979-Present Director of Entergy Gulf States 1993-Present Director of Entergy Louisiana and 1991-Present Entergy New Orleans Director of Entergy Mississippi 1988-Present Director of Entergy Operations 1990-Present Director of System Energy 1987-Present Director of Entergy Services 1979-Present Director of Entergy Nuclear, Inc. 1997-Present Chairman of the Board of Entergy 1989-1993 Arkansas Chairman of the Board and Chief 1991-1993 Executive Officer of Entergy Louisiana and Entergy New Orleans Chairman of the Board and Chief 1989-1993 Executive Officer of Entergy Mississippi Chief Executive Officer of Entergy 1979-1993 Arkansas President and Chief Operating Officer 1993-1995 of Entergy Corporation Group President, System Executive - 1991-1993 Transmission, Distribution, and Customer Service of Entergy Corporation Jerry D. Jackson 53 Chief Administrative Officer of 1997-Present Entergy Corporation, Entergy Services, Entergy Arkansas, Entergy Gulf States, Entergy Louisiana, Entergy Mississippi, and Entergy New Orleans Executive Vice President - External 1994-Present Affairs of Entergy Corporation and Entergy Services Executive Vice President - External 1995-Present Affairs of Entergy Arkansas, Entergy Gulf States, Entergy Louisiana, Entergy Mississippi, and Entergy New Orleans Director of Entergy Arkansas, Entergy 1992-Present Louisiana, Entergy Mississippi, and Entergy New Orleans Director of Entergy Gulf States 1994-Present Director of Entergy Services 1990-Present Director of Entergy Enterprises 1996-Present Executive Vice President of Marketing 1994-1995 of Entergy Corporation Executive Vice President - Marketing 1995-1995 of Entergy Arkansas, Entergy Gulf States, Entergy Louisiana, Entergy Mississippi, and Entergy New Orleans Executive Vice President - Marketing 1994-1995 of Entergy Services President and Chief Administrative 1992-1994 Officer of Entergy Services Executive Vice President - Finance 1990-1994 and External Affairs of Entergy Corporation Executive Vice President - Finance 1992-1994 and External Affairs and Secretary of Entergy Arkansas, Entergy Louisiana, Entergy Mississippi, and Entergy New Orleans Executive Vice President - Finance 1993-1994 and External Affairs of Entergy Gulf States Secretary of Entergy Corporation 1991-1994 Secretary of Entergy Gulf States 1994-1995 Director of System Energy 1993-1995 Donald C. Hintz 55 Group President and Chief Nuclear 1997-Present Operating Officer of Entergy Corporation, Entergy Services, Entergy Arkansas, Entergy Gulf States, and Entergy Louisiana Executive Vice President and Chief 1994-1997 Nuclear Officer of Entergy Corporation Executive Vice President - Nuclear of 1994-1997 Entergy Arkansas, Entergy Gulf States, and Entergy Louisiana Executive Vice President of Nuclear 1996-1997 of Entergy Services Chief Executive Officer and President 1992-Present of System Energy and Entergy Operations Director of Entergy Arkansas, Entergy 1992-Present Louisiana, Entergy Mississippi, System Energy, System Fuels, and Entergy Services Director of Entergy Gulf States 1993-Present Director of Entergy Operations 1990-Present Director of GSG&T, Prudential Oil & 1994-Present Gas, Southern Gulf Railway, and Varibus Corporation Senior Vice President and Chief 1993-1994 Nuclear Officer of Entergy Corporation Senior Vice President - Nuclear of 1990-1994 Entergy Arkansas Senior Vice President - Nuclear of 1993-1994 Entergy Gulf States Senior Vice President - Nuclear of 1992-1994 Entergy Louisiana Director of Entergy New Orleans 1992-1994 Chief Executive Officer, President, 1997-Present and Director of Entergy Nuclear, Inc. Gerald D. McInvale 54 Vice Chairman and Chief Financial 1997-1997 Officer of Entergy Corporation Executive Vice President and Chief 1995-1997 Financial Officer of Entergy Corporation, Entergy Services, Entergy Arkansas, Entergy Gulf States, Entergy Louisiana, Entergy Mississippi, Entergy New Orleans, System Energy, Entergy Enterprises, Entergy Operations, System Fuels Inc., Entergy Integrated Solutions, Inc., GSG&T, Prudential Oil & Gas, Southern Gulf Railway, and Varibus Corporation Executive Vice President, Chief 1996-1997 Financial Officer, and Director of ETHC Executive Vice President and Chief 1996-1997 Financial Officer of Entergy Operations Services, Inc. Senior Vice President, Treasurer, and 1994-1997 Director of Entergy Pakistan, Ltd. and Entergy Power Asia, Ltd. Senior Vice President, Treasurer, and 1993-1997 Director of EPDC and Entergy- Richmond Power Corporation Senior Vice President, Treasurer, and 1995-1997 Director of EP Edegel, Inc., Entergy Power Development International Corporation, Entergy Power Holding II, Ltd., EPMC, Entergy Power Operations Corporation, Entergy Power Operations Holdings, Ltd., Entergy Power Operations Pakistan LDC, Entergy Victoria LDC, Entergy Victoria Holdings LDC, EPG Cayman Holding I, EPG Cayman Holding II, Entergy Power CBA Holding, Ltd., and Entergy Power Edesur Holding, Ltd. Senior Vice President, Treasurer, and 1996-1997 Director of Entergy Power International Holdings Corporation Senior Vice President, Treasurer, and 1993-1997 Director of Entergy Power Senior Vice President and Director of 1996-1997 Entergy Mexico Ltd. Senior Vice President and Treasurer 1996-1997 of Entergy Power Peru, S.A. Director of Entergy Arkansas, Entergy 1995-1997 Gulf States, Entergy Louisiana, Entergy Mississippi, Entergy New Orleans, Entergy Services, System Energy, Entergy Operations, GSG&T, Prudential Oil & Gas, Southern Gulf Railway, and Varibus Corporation Director of System Fuels 1992-1997 Director of Entergy Integrated 1993-1997 Solutions, Inc. Director of Entergy Power 1996-1997 International Corporation Senior Vice President, Treasurer, and 1995-1996 Director of Entergy Edegel I, Inc., Entergy Power Holding I, Ltd., and Entergy Yacyreta I, Inc. Chairman of the Board of Entergy 1994-1995 Integrated Solutions, Inc. Senior Vice President and Chief 1991-1995 Financial Officer of Entergy Corporation, Entergy Arkansas, Entergy Louisiana, Entergy Mississippi, Entergy New Orleans, System Energy, Entergy Operations, Entergy Services, and Entergy Enterprises Senior Vice President and Chief 1993-1995 Financial Officer of Entergy Gulf States Senior Vice President and Chief 1994-1995 Financial Officer of System Fuels Director and Acting Chief Operating 1994-1995 Officer of Entergy Enterprises Treasurer of Entergy Enterprises 1992-1996 Michael G. Thompson 57 Senior Vice President and General 1992-Present Counsel of Entergy Corporation and Entergy Services Senior Vice President, General 1995-Present Counsel, and Secretary of Entergy Arkansas, Entergy Gulf States, Entergy Louisiana, Entergy Mississippi, and Entergy New Orleans Senior Vice President - Law and 1992-Present Secretary of Entergy Enterprises Senior Vice President, Secretary, and 1994-Present Director of Entergy Pakistan, Ltd. and Entergy Power Asia, Ltd. Senior Vice President, Secretary, and 1994-Present Director of EPMC, Entergy Power Operations Holdings, Ltd., and EP Edegel, Inc. Senior Vice President, Secretary, and 1995-1997 Director of Entergy Power Development International Corporation Senior Vice President, Secretary, and 1995-Present Director of Entergy Power Holding II, Ltd., Entergy Power Operations Corporation, and Entergy Power Operations Pakistan LDC Senior Vice President, Secretary, and 1996-Present Director of Entergy Victoria LDC, Entergy Victoria Holdings LDC, EPG Cayman Holding I, EPG Cayman Holding II, Entergy Power CBA Holding, Ltd., and Entergy Power Edesur Holding, Ltd. Senior Vice President, Secretary, and 1996-Present Director of Entergy Power International Holdings Corporation Senior Vice President and Secretary 1997-Present of Entergy London, Entergy London Limited, Entergy Nuclear, Inc., Entergy Technology Company, ETHC, and Entergy Power Generation Corporation Senior Vice President, Secretary, and 1997-Present Director of Entergy Electric Asia, Ltd., Entergy Power Kingsnorth Ltd., and Entergy Power Chile, Inc. Manager, Secretary, and Director of 1997-Present Entergy Power Chile, S.A. Director of Entergy Power Peru, S.A. 1997-Present Senior Vice President, Secretary, and 1992-Present Director of EPDC Senior Vice President, Secretary and 1992-1997 Director of Entergy-Richmond Power Corporation Vice President, Secretary, and 1994-Present Director of Entergy Power Vice President of Entergy Integrated 1994-Present Solutions, Inc. Secretary of Entergy Integrated 1993-Present Solutions, Inc. Director of ETHC and Entergy 1997-Present Technology Company Secretary of Entergy Corporation 1994-Present Director of Entergy Integrated 1992-1996 Solutions, Inc. Director of Entergy Operations 1996-Present Services, Inc., and Entergy Power Generation Corporation Secretary of Entergy Services 1996-Present Senior Vice President, Chief Legal 1993-1994 Officer, Director, and Secretary of Entergy Power Assistant Secretary of Entergy 1993-1994 Corporation S. M. Henry Brown, Jr. 59 Vice President - Federal Governmental 1989-Present Affairs of Entergy Corporation and Entergy Services William J. Regan, Jr. 51 Vice President of Entergy Services 1995-Present Vice President and Treasurer of 1995-1998 Entergy Corporation, Entergy Arkansas, Entergy Gulf States, Entergy Louisiana, Entergy Mississippi, Entergy New Orleans, System Energy, Entergy Operations, Entergy Services, System Fuels Inc., GSG&T, Prudential Oil & Gas, Southern Gulf Railway, and Varibus Corporation Vice President and Treasurer of ETHC, 1996-1998 Entergy Operations Services, Inc., and Entergy Enterprises Vice President and Treasurer of 1997-1998 Entergy Nuclear, Inc., Entergy Technology Company, and Entergy Integrated Solutions, Inc. Vice President and Treasurer of 1997-1998 Entergy Electric Asia, Ltd. Vice President and Treasurer of 1997-Present Entergy Power Chile, Inc., Entergy Power International Holdings Corporation, Entergy Power Kingsnorth Ltd., Entergy Pakistan, Ltd., EP Edegel, Inc., Entergy Power Chile, S.A., Entergy Power Asia, Inc. and Entergy Power Generation Corporation Vice President and Treasurer of 1996-Present EPDC, EPMC, Entergy Power Operations Corporation, Entergy Power, and Entergy- Richmond Power Corporation Treasurer of Entergy London Limited 1997-Present and Entergy London Treasurer of Entergy Mexico Ltd. 1996-Present Senior Vice President and Corporate 1989-1995 Treasurer of United Services Automobile Association Louis E. Buck, Jr. 49 Vice President and Chief Accounting 1995-Present Officer and Assistant Secretary of Entergy Corporation, Entergy Arkansas, Entergy Gulf States, Entergy Louisiana, Entergy Mississippi, Entergy New Orleans, System Energy, Entergy Operations, and Entergy Services Audit Controller of Entergy London 1997-Present and Entergy London Limited Assistant Secretary of Entergy 1995-Present Arkansas, Entergy Gulf States, Entergy Louisiana, Entergy Mississippi, Entergy New Orleans, Entergy Operations, and Entergy Services Director of Entergy Operations 1996-Present Services, Inc. Assistant Secretary of Entergy 1996-Present Corporation and System Energy Vice President and Chief Operating 1997-Present Officer of Entergy International Holdings Ltd., LLC, Entergy International Ltd., LLC, Entergy International Investments No. 1 LLC, and Entergy International Investments No. 2 LLC Vice President and Chief Financial 1992-1995 Officer of North Carolina Electric Membership Corporation Michael B. Bemis (b) 50 Director and President of Entergy 1997-Present London, Entergy London Limited, London Electricity and CitiPower Executive Vice President - 1997-Present International Retail Operations of Entergy Corporation and Entergy Services Executive Vice President - Retail 1992-1997 Services and Director of Entergy Arkansas, Entergy Louisiana, and Entergy Mississippi Executive Vice President - Retail 1996-1997 Services of Entergy Corporation Executive Vice President - Retail 1993-1997 Services of Entergy Gulf States Executive Vice President - Retail 1992-1997 Services of Entergy New Orleans Director of Entergy Gulf States 1994-1997 Director of Entergy New Orleans 1992-1994 Director of System Fuels 1992-1997 Director of Varibus Corporation, 1994-1997 Prudential Oil & Gas, Inc., GSG&T, and Southern Gulf Railway Company Director of Entergy Services and 1996-Present Entergy Integrated Solutions, Inc. Director of Entergy Enterprises 1996-1997 Frank F. Gallaher 52 Group President and Chief Utility 1997-Present Operating Officer of Entergy Corporation and Entergy Services Director, Group President and Chief 1997-Present Utility Operating Officer of Entergy Arkansas, Entergy Louisiana, and Entergy Mississippi Group President and Chief Utility 1997-Present Operating Officer of Entergy New Orleans Group President and Chief Utility 1997-Present Operating Officer of Entergy Gulf States Executive Vice President of 1996-1997 Operations of Entergy Corporation Chairman of the Board of System Fuels 1992-Present Chairman of the Board and Director of 1993-Present Varibus Corporation, Prudential Oil & Gas, Inc., GSG&T, and Southern Gulf Railway Company Chairman of the Board and Director of 1996-Present Entergy Operations Services, Inc. Executive Vice President - Operations 1993-1997 of Entergy Arkansas, Entergy Louisiana, Entergy Mississippi, Entergy New Orleans, and Entergy Services President of Entergy Gulf States 1994-1996 Director of Entergy Gulf States 1993-Present Director of Entergy Services and 1992-Present System Fuels Senior Vice President - Fossil 1992-1993 Operations of Entergy Arkansas, Entergy Louisiana, Entergy Mississippi, Entergy New Orleans, and Entergy Services Naomi A. Nakagama 32 Senior Vice President-Finance and Treasurer 1998-Present of Entergy Corporation Senior Vice President and Treasurer of 1998-Present Entergy Enterprises and Entergy Integrated Solutions, Inc. Vice President, Treasurer and Director 1998-Present of Entergy Electric Asia, Ltd. Vice President and Sector Manager of 1990-1997 Banque Nationale de Paris (financial institution)
(a) Mr. Lupberger is a director of First Commerce Corporation, New Orleans, LA, International Shipholding Corporation, New Orleans, LA, and First National Bank of Commerce, New Orleans, LA. (b) Mr. Bemis is an advisory director of Deposit Guaranty National Bank, Jackson, MS. Each officer of Entergy Corporation is elected yearly by the Board of Directors. Directorships shown in footnotes (a) and (b) above are generally limited to entities subject to Section 12 or 15(d) of the Securities and Exchange Act of 1934 or to the Investment Company Act of 1940. PART II Item 5. Market for Registrants' Common Equity and Related Stockholder Matters Entergy Corporation The shares of Entergy Corporation's common stock are listed on the New York Stock, Chicago Stock, and Pacific Exchanges. The high and low prices of Entergy Corporation's common stock for each quarterly period in 1997 and 1996 were as follows: 1997 1996 High Low High Low (In Dollars) First 28 3/8 24 30 3/8 26 3/8 Second 27 1/2 22 3/8 28 1/2 25 1/4 Third 28 24 1/16 28 5/8 24 7/8 Fourth 30 1/4 23 29 26 3/4 Dividends of 45 cents per share were paid on Entergy Corporation's common stock in each of the quarters of 1997 and 1996. As of February 28, 1998, there were 88,685 stockholders of record of Entergy Corporation. For information with respect to Entergy Corporation's future ability to pay dividends, refer to Note 8, "DIVIDEND RESTRICTIONS." In addition to the restrictions described in Note 8, PUHCA provides that, without approval of the SEC, the unrestricted, undistributed retained earnings of any Entergy Corporation subsidiary are not available for distribution to Entergy Corporation's common stockholders until such earnings are made available to Entergy Corporation through the declaration of dividends by such subsidiaries. Entergy Arkansas, Entergy Gulf States, Entergy Louisiana, Entergy Mississippi, Entergy New Orleans, System Energy, and Entergy London There is no market for the common stock of Entergy Corporation's wholly owned subsidiaries. Cash dividends on common stock paid by the subsidiaries to Entergy Corporation during 1997 and 1996, were as follows: 1997 1996 (In Millions) Entergy Arkansas $128.6 $142.8 Entergy Gulf States $ 77.2 -- Entergy Louisiana $145.4 $179.2 Entergy Mississippi $ 59.2 $ 79.9 Entergy New Orleans $ 26.0 $ 34.0 System Energy $113.8 $112.5 Entergy London -- -- Entergy S.A. -- $ 0.7 Entergy Transener S.A. -- $ 1.7 Entergy Argentina S.A. -- $ 0.3 Entergy Argentina S.A. Ltd. -- $ 3.1 In January and February 1998, Entergy Corporation received common stock dividend payments from its subsidiaries totaling $103.9 million. For information with respect to restrictions that limit the ability of System Energy, the domestic utility companies and Entergy London to pay dividends, see Note 8. In order to improve its capital structure, Entergy Gulf States ceased paying common stock dividends after the third quarter of 1994. However, such dividends were resumed in the third quarter of 1997. (See "Management's Financial Discussion and Analysis - Liquidity and Capital Resources.") Item 6. Selected Financial Data Entergy Corporation.. Refer to information under the heading "ENTERGY CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES SELECTED FINANCIAL DATA - FIVE-YEAR COMPARISON." Entergy Arkansas. Refer to information under the heading "ENTERGY ARKANSAS, INC. SELECTED FINANCIAL DATA - FIVE-YEAR COMPARISON." Entergy Gulf States. Refer to information under the heading "ENTERGY GULF STATES, INC. SELECTED FINANCIAL DATA - FIVE-YEAR COMPARISON." Entergy Louisiana. Refer to information under the heading "ENTERGY LOUISIANA, INC. SELECTED FINANCIAL DATA - FIVE-YEAR COMPARISON." Entergy Mississippi. Refer to information under the heading "ENTERGY MISSISSIPPI, INC. SELECTED FINANCIAL DATA - FIVE-YEAR COMPARISON." Entergy New Orleans. Refer to information under the heading "ENTERGY NEW ORLEANS, INC. SELECTED FINANCIAL DATA - FIVE-YEAR COMPARISON." System Energy. Refer to information under the heading "SYSTEM ENERGY RESOURCES, INC. SELECTED FINANCIAL DATA - FIVE-YEAR COMPARISON." Entergy London (Successor Company). Refer to information under the headings "ENTERGY LONDON INVESTMENTS PLC AND SUBSIDIARY SELECTED FINANCIAL DATA" AND "LONDON ELECTRICITY PLC AND SUBSIDIARIES SELECTED FINANCIAL DATA - - FOUR-YEAR COMPARISON." Item 7. Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations Entergy Corporation and Subsidiaries. Refer to information under the heading "ENTERGY CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES MANAGEMENT'S FINANCIAL DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS - LIQUIDITY AND CAPITAL RESOURCES," " - SIGNIFICANT FACTORS AND KNOWN TRENDS," and "- RESULTS OF OPERATIONS." Entergy Arkansas. Refer to information under the heading "ENTERGY ARKANSAS, INC. MANAGEMENT'S FINANCIAL DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS - RESULTS OF OPERATIONS." Entergy Gulf States. Refer to information under the heading "ENTERGY GULF STATES, INC. MANAGEMENT'S FINANCIAL DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS - RESULTS OF OPERATIONS." Entergy Louisiana. Refer to information under the heading "ENTERGY LOUISIANA, INC. MANAGEMENT'S FINANCIAL DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS - RESULTS OF OPERATIONS." Entergy Mississippi. Refer to information under the heading "ENTERGY MISSISSIPPI, INC. MANAGEMENT'S FINANCIAL DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS - RESULTS OF OPERATIONS." Entergy New Orleans. Refer to information under the heading "ENTERGY NEW ORLEANS, INC. MANAGEMENT'S FINANCIAL DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS - RESULTS OF OPERATIONS." System Energy. Refer to information under the heading "SYSTEM ENERGY RESOURCES, INC. MANAGEMENT'S FINANCIAL DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS - RESULTS OF OPERATIONS." Entergy London (Successor Company). Refer to information under the headings "ENTERGY LONDON INVESTMENTS PLC AND SUBSIDIARY MANAGEMENT'S FINANCIAL DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS - RESULTS OF OPERATIONS" AND "LONDON ELECTRICITY PLC AND SUBSIDIARIES MANAGEMENT'S FINANCIAL DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS - RESULTS OF OPERATIONS." Item 7A. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk Entergy Corporation and Subsidiaries. Refer to information under the heading "ENTERGY CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES MANAGEMENT'S FINANCIAL DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS - SIGNIFICANT FACTORS AND KNOWN TRENDS." Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data. INDEX TO FINANCIAL STATEMENTS Entergy Corporation and Subsidiaries: Report of Management 46 Audit Committee Chairperson's Letter 47 Management's Financial Discussion and Analysis 48 Report of Independent Accountants 62 Management's Financial Discussion and Analysis 63 Statements of Consolidated Income For the Years Ended December 31, 67 1997, 1996, and 1995 Statements of Consolidated Cash Flows For the Years Ended December 68 31, 1997, 1996, and 1995 Consolidated Balance Sheets, December 31, 1997 and 1996 70 Statements of Consolidated Retained Earnings and Paid-In Capital 72 for the Years Ended December 31, 1997, 1996, and 1995 Selected Financial Data - Five-Year Comparison 73 Entergy Arkansas, Inc.: Report of Independent Accountants 75 Management's Financial Discussion and Analysis 76 Statements of Income For the Years Ended December 31, 1997, 1996, 78 and 1995 Statements of Cash Flows For the Years Ended December 31, 1997, 79 1996, and 1995 Balance Sheets, December 31, 1997 and 1996 80 Statements of Retained Earnings for the Years Ended December 31, 82 1997, 1996, and 1995 Selected Financial Data - Five-Year Comparison 83 Entergy Gulf States, Inc.: Report of Independent Accountants 85 Management's Financial Discussion and Analysis 86 Statements of Income (Loss) For the Years Ended December 31, 1997, 88 1996, and 1995 Statements of Cash Flows For the Years Ended December 31, 1997, 89 1996, and 1995 Balance Sheets, December 31, 1997 and 1996 90 Statements of Retained Earnings for the Years Ended December 31, 92 1997, 1996, and 1995 Selected Financial Data - Five-Year Comparison 93 Entergy Louisiana, Inc.: Report of Independent Accountants 95 Management's Financial Discussion and Analysis 96 Statements of Income For the Years Ended December 31, 1997, 1996, 98 and 1995 Statements of Cash Flows For the Years Ended December 31, 1997, 99 1996, and 1995 Balance Sheets, December 31, 1997 and 1996 100 Statements of Retained Earnings for the Years Ended December 31, 102 1997, 1996, and 1995 Selected Financial Data - Five-Year Comparison 103 Entergy Mississippi, Inc.: Report of Independent Accountants 105 Management's Financial Discussion and Analysis 106 Statements of Income For the Years Ended December 31, 1997, 1996, 108 and 1995 Statements of Cash Flows For the Years Ended December 31, 1997, 109 1996, and 1995 Balance Sheets, December 31, 1997 and 1996 110 Statements of Retained Earnings for the Years Ended December 31, 112 1997, 1996, and 1995 Selected Financial Data - Five-Year Comparison 113 Entergy New Orleans, Inc.: Report of Independent Accountants 115 Management's Financial Discussion and Analysis 116 Statements of Income For the Years Ended December 31, 1997, 1996, 118 and 1995 Statements of Cash Flows For the Years Ended December 31, 1997, 119 1996, and 1995 Balance Sheets, December 31, 1997 and 1996 120 Statements of Retained Earnings for the Years Ended December 31, 122 1997, 1996, and 1995 Selected Financial Data - Five-Year Comparison 123 System Energy Resources, Inc.: Report of Independent Accountants 124 Management's Financial Discussion and Analysis 125 Statements of Income For the Years Ended December 31, 1997, 1996, 126 and 1995 Statements of Cash Flows For the Years Ended December 31, 1997, 127 1996, and 1995 Balance Sheets, December 31, 1997 and 1996 128 Statements of Retained Earnings for the Years Ended December 31, 130 1997, 1996, and 1995 Selected Financial Data - Five-Year Comparison 131 Entergy London Investments plc and Subsidiary (Successor Company): Report of Independent Accountants 132 Management's Financial Discussion and Analysis 133 Consolidated Statement of Loss For the Year Ended December 31, 1997 138 Consolidated Statement of Cash Flows For the Year Ended December 139 31, 1997 Consolidated Balance Sheet, December 31, 1997 140 Consolidated Statement of Changes in Shareholder's Equity for the 142 Year Ended December 31, 1997 Selected Financial Data 143 Notes to Financial Statements for Entergy Corporation and 144 Subsidiaries London Electricity plc (Predecessor Company): Report of Independent Accountants 201 Management's Financial Discussion and Analysis 202 Consolidated Statement of Operations For the Period from April 1, 206 1996 to January 31, 1997 and the Year Ended March 31, 1996 Consolidated Statement of Cash Flows For the Period from April 1, 207 1996 to January 31, 1997 and the Year Ended March 31, 1996 Consolidated Balance Sheet, March 31, 1996 208 Consolidated Statement of Changes in Shareholder's Equity for the 210 Period from April 1, 1996 to January 31, 1997 and the Year Ended March 31, 1996 Selected Financial Data - Four-Year Comparison 211 Notes to Financial Statements 212 ENTERGY CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES REPORT OF MANAGEMENT The management of Entergy Corporation and subsidiaries has prepared and is responsible for the financial statements and related financial information included herein. The financial statements are based on generally accepted accounting principles in the United States. Financial information included elsewhere in this report is consistent with the financial statements. To meet its responsibilities with respect to financial information, management maintains and enforces a system of internal accounting controls that is designed to provide reasonable assurance, on a cost-effective basis, as to the integrity, objectivity, and reliability of the financial records, and as to the protection of assets. This system includes communication through written policies and procedures, an employee Code of Conduct, and an organizational structure that provides for appropriate division of responsibility and the training of personnel. This system is also tested by a comprehensive internal audit program. The independent public accountants provide an objective assessment of the degree to which management meets its responsibility for fairness of financial reporting. They regularly evaluate the system of internal accounting controls and perform such tests and other procedures as they deem necessary to reach and express an opinion on the fairness of the financial statements. Management believes that these policies and procedures provide reasonable assurance that its operations are carried out with a high standard of business conduct. /s/ Ed Lupberger /s/ Louis E. Buck ED LUPBERGER LOUIS E. BUCK Chairman of the Board and Chief Vice President, Chief Accounting Executive Officer of Entergy Officer and Assistant Secretary Corporation, Entergy Arkansas, (Principal Accounting Officer) Entergy Gulf States, Entergy Louisiana, Entergy Mississippi, Entergy New Orleans, and Entergy London /s/ Donald C. Hintz DONALD C. HINTZ President and Chief Executive Officer of System Energy ENTERGY CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES AUDIT COMMITTEE CHAIRPERSON'S LETTER The Entergy Corporation Board of Directors' Audit Committee is comprised of five directors who are not officers of Entergy Corporation: Dr. Paul W. Murrill, Chairperson, Lucie J. Fjeldstad, James R. Nichols, Eugene H. Owen, and Bismark A. Steinhagen. The committee held three meetings during 1997. The Audit Committee oversees Entergy Corporation's financial reporting process on behalf of the Board of Directors and provides reasonable assurance to the Board that sufficient operating, accounting, and financial controls are in existence and are adequately reviewed by programs of internal and external audits. The Audit Committee discussed with Entergy's internal auditors and the independent public accountants (Coopers & Lybrand L.L.P.) the overall scope and specific plans for their respective audits, as well as Entergy Corporation's financial statements and the adequacy of Entergy Corporation's internal controls. The committee met, together and separately, with Entergy's internal auditors and independent public accountants, without management present, to discuss the results of their audits, their evaluation of Entergy Corporation's internal controls, and the overall quality of Entergy Corporation's financial reporting. The meetings were designed to facilitate and encourage private communication between the committee and the internal auditors and independent public accountants. /s/ Dr. Paul W. Murrill DR. PAUL W. MURRILL Chairperson, Audit Committee ENTERGY CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES MANAGEMENT'S FINANCIAL DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS LIQUIDITY AND CAPITAL RESOURCES Cash Flow Net cash flow from operations for Entergy, the domestic utility companies and System Energy for the years ended December 31, 1997, 1996, and 1995, and for Entergy London for the year ended December 31, 1997, was as follows: 1997 1996 1995 (In Millions) Entergy $1,725 $1,528 $1,504 Entergy Arkansas $ 434 $ 377 $ 338 Entergy Gulf States $ 466 $ 322 $ 401 Entergy Louisiana $ 341 $ 352 $ 385 Entergy Mississippi $ 159 $ 182 $ 185 Entergy New Orleans $ 49 $ 44 $ 99 System Energy $ 278 $ 287 $ 96 Entergy London $ 51 N/A N/A The positive cash flow from operations for the domestic utility companies results from continued efforts to streamline operations and to reduce costs, as well as from collections under rate phase-in plans that exceed current cash requirements for the related costs. In the income statement, these revenue collections are offset by the amortization of previously deferred costs; thus, there is no effect on net income. These phase-in plans will continue to contribute to Entergy's cash position in the immediate future. Specifically, the Grand Gulf 1 phase-in plans will expire in September 1998 for Entergy Arkansas and Entergy Mississippi, and in 2001 for Entergy New Orleans. Entergy Gulf States' phase-in plan for River Bend expired in February 1998, and Entergy Louisiana's phase-in plan for Waterford 3 expired in June 1997. Competitive growth businesses contributed $104 million to Entergy Corporation's cash flow from operations in 1997. In accordance with the purchase method of accounting, London Electricity's results of operations are not included in Entergy Corporation and Subsidiaries' Statements of Consolidated Cash Flows prior to February 1, 1997, the effective date of the acquisition of London Electricity. Financing Sources As discussed in Note 13, Entergy London acquired London Electricity for $2.1 billion in February 1997. The acquisition was financed with $1.7 billion of debt that is non-recourse to Entergy Corporation, and $392 million of equity provided by Entergy Corporation from available cash and borrowings under its $300 million line of credit. Entergy London refinanced a portion of this debt during the fourth quarter of 1997 through the issuance of $300 million of quarterly income preferred securities. Subsequent to the refinancing, the debt is now an obligation of Entergy UK Limited, an indirect, wholly-owned subsidiary of Entergy Corporation. However, the obligation is reflected in the financial statements of Entergy London, because the facility is guaranteed by Entergy London, Entergy UK Limited's indirect, wholly-owned subsidiary. Entergy London recognizes the interest expense associated with this debt in its financial statements, with a credit to shareholder's equity for the same amount. This credit to shareholder's equity offsets dividends as they are declared from Entergy London to Entergy UK Limited. These dividends are the funding mechanism for Entergy UK Limited to service this debt. Management intends to declare future dividends from Entergy London to enable Entergy UK Limited to continue to service this debt. ENTERGY CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES MANAGEMENT'S FINANCIAL DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS LIQUIDITY AND CAPITAL RESOURCES London Electricity is Entergy London's sole investment and only asset. Entergy London is therefore dependent upon dividends from London Electricity for all of its cash flow. In addition to London Electricity's cash flow from operations, Entergy London has other primary sources of liquidity including London Electricity's several uncommitted credit lines provided by banking institutions, and London Electricity's commercial paper program. In addition, London Electricity intends to use availability under existing facilities, or replacements thereof, to finance its remaining payment of windfall profits taxes in December 1998, which will total approximately $117 million (approximately BPS70 million). Management believes that cash flow from operations, together with Entergy London's existing sources of credit and the restructuring of its credit facilities in November 1997, will result in sufficient financial resources being available to meet Entergy London's projected capital needs and other expenditure requirements for the foreseeable future. London Electricity has represented to the Regulator, in connection with its PES license, that it will use all reasonable endeavors to maintain an investment grade rating on its long-term debt. Entergy Mississippi issued a series of general and refunding mortgage bonds in June 1997 totaling $65 million, the proceeds of which were used to meet a scheduled July 1, 1997 debt maturity. Excluding the London Electricity investment and the Entergy Mississippi bond issuance, cash from operations, supplemented by cash on hand, was sufficient to meet substantially all investing and financing requirements of the domestic utility companies, System Energy, and Entergy London, including capital expenditures, dividends, and debt/preferred stock maturities during 1997. Entergy's domestic utility companies other than Entergy Mississippi have been able to fund their capital requirements with cash from operations as discussed above in "Cash Flow." Should additional cash be needed to fund investments or to retire debt, the domestic utility companies and System Energy each have the ability, subject to regulatory approval and compliance with issuance tests, to issue debt or preferred securities to meet such requirements. In addition, to the extent market conditions and interest and dividend rates allow, the domestic utility companies, System Energy, and Entergy London will continue to refinance and/or redeem higher cost debt and preferred stock prior to maturity. See Note 10 for a discussion of the refinancing by Entergy Louisiana. Entergy's domestic utility companies and Entergy London may continue to establish special purpose trusts or limited partnerships as financing subsidiaries for the purpose of issuing quarterly income preferred securities, such as those issued in 1996 by Entergy Louisiana Capital I and Entergy Arkansas Capital I, and those issued in 1997 by Entergy Gulf States Capital I and Entergy London Capital L.P. Entergy Corporation, the domestic utility companies, System Energy, and Entergy London also have the ability to effect short- term borrowings. See Notes 4, 5, 6, 7, and 9 for additional information on Entergy's capital and refinancing requirements in 1998-2002 and available lines of credit. Financing Uses Management believes that productive investment by Entergy is integral to enhancing the long-term value of its common stock. Entergy has been expanding its investments in business opportunities overseas as well as in the United States. As of December 31, 1997, Entergy had acquired or participated in foreign electric ventures in Australia, Argentina, Chile, China, Pakistan, Peru, and the UK and had acquired several telecommunications-based businesses in the United States. The ability of Entergy Corporation to provide additional capital to exempt wholesale generators or foreign utility companies currently is subject to the SEC's regulations under PUHCA. Absent SEC approval, these regulations limit the aggregate amount that Entergy may invest in foreign utility companies and exempt wholesale generators to 50% of consolidated retained earnings at the time an investment is made. As of November 1997, Entergy Corporation no longer had capacity to make additional investments under these regulations without SEC approval. Entergy has applied to the SEC to obtain additional authority to make such investments, and is also exploring means of raising capital for other foreign investments in a manner not inconsistent with these regulations. As of December 31, 1997, Entergy Corporation had a net investment of $1.3 billion in equity capital in competitive growth businesses. See Note 13 for a discussion of Entergy London's acquisition of London Electricity effective February 1, 1997. ENTERGY CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES MANAGEMENT'S FINANCIAL DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS LIQUIDITY AND CAPITAL RESOURCES To make capital investments, fund its subsidiaries, and pay dividends, Entergy Corporation will utilize internally generated funds, cash on hand, funds available under its bank credit facilities, funds received from its dividend reinvestment and stock purchase plan, and bank financings, as required. See Note 5 for information regarding proceeds from the issuance of common stock under Entergy Corporation's dividend reinvestment and stock purchase plan during 1997. See Note 9 for a discussion of capital requirements. Entergy Corporation receives funds through dividend payments from its subsidiaries. During 1997, such dividend payments from subsidiaries totaled $550.2 million. Entergy Gulf States resumed paying common stock dividends in the third quarter of 1997. In 1997, Entergy Corporation paid $438 million of cash dividends on its common stock. Declarations of dividends on Entergy's common stock are made at the discretion of its Board of Directors. See Note 8 for information on dividend restrictions. Entergy London's primary need for liquidity is to pay interest on its debt, and management believes that it will receive sufficient dividends from London Electricity to make such payments. Entergy London believes that London Electricity will be able to distribute all cash flow generated in excess of amounts necessary for London Electricity to conduct its business in compliance with its PES License. Entergy Corporation and Entergy Gulf States See Notes 2 and 9 regarding River Bend and Cajun litigation. During the fourth quarter of 1997, Entergy Gulf States established reserves of $381 million ($227 million net of tax) for the probable effects of the agreement in principle as discussed in Note 2. Final resolution of these matters could negatively affect Entergy Gulf States' ability to obtain financing, which in turn could affect Entergy Gulf States' liquidity and ability to pay common stock dividends to Entergy Corporation. See Note 2 for information related to the proposed agreement in principle between the parties to the Entergy Gulf States rate proceedings in Texas. Entergy Corporation and System Energy Under the Capital Funds Agreement, Entergy Corporation has agreed to supply System Energy with sufficient capital to maintain System Energy's equity capital at a minimum of 35% of its total capitalization (excluding short-term debt), to permit the continued commercial operation of Grand Gulf 1, and to pay in full all indebtedness for borrowed money of System Energy when due. In addition, under supplements to the Capital Funds Agreement assigning System Energy's rights thereunder as security for specific debt of System Energy, Entergy Corporation has committed to make cash capital contributions, if required, to enable System Energy to make payments on such debt when due. The Capital Funds Agreement may be terminated by the parties thereto, subject to consent of certain creditors. ENTERGY CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES MANAGEMENT'S FINANCIAL DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS SIGNIFICANT FACTORS AND KNOWN TRENDS Domestic Competition and Industry Challenges The electric utility industry traditionally has operated as a regulated monopoly in which there was little opportunity for direct competition in the provision of electric service. The industry is now undergoing a transition to an environment of increased retail and wholesale competition. The causes of the movement toward competition are numerous and complex. They include legislative and regulatory changes, technological advances, consumer demands, relative cost and availability of natural gas and other fuels, environmental regulations, and other factors. The increasingly competitive environment presents opportunities to compete for new customers, as well as the risk of loss of existing customers. The following issues have been identified by Entergy as its major competitive challenges. Open Access Transmission In response to FERC Order No. 888, which was issued in 1996 and requires that all public utilities subject to FERC jurisdiction provide comparable wholesale transmission access through the filing of a single open access tariff, Entergy Services filed on behalf of the domestic utility companies a request for clarification and rehearing of the following four issues: (i) the special nature and treatment of stranded nuclear decommissioning costs; (ii) the reciprocity rules applicable to rural electric cooperatives; (iii) the functional unbundling requirements for registered holding companies; and (iv) the nature of network service. The request for rehearing remains pending. FERC also issued Order No. 889 in 1996, prescribing the requirements and procedures for the implementation and maintenance of an open access same-time information system by each public utility. In addition, FERC issued a notice of proposed rulemaking concerning capacity reservation tariffs as the next phase of its efforts to promote wholesale competition. In July 1996, Entergy Services filed an open access pro forma tariff on behalf of the domestic utility companies. In September 1996, FERC issued an order revising the original requirement that open access same-time information service sites and standards of conduct be in place for all transmission providers by November 1, 1996. FERC scheduled the operation of open access same-time information service sites to begin on a test basis in December 1996, with full commercial operation and compliance with the standards of conduct beginning in January 1997. In January 1997, Entergy Services filed its standards of conduct with FERC and an open access same-time information site was established. In July 1997, Entergy Services filed its wholesale transmission open access compliance tariff incorporating the requirements of FERC Order No. 888-A. Transition to Competition Filings Entergy has initiated discussions with its state and local regulators regarding an orderly transition to a more competitive market for electricity. As discussed in more detail in Note 2, each of the domestic utility companies made filings in 1996 or 1997 with their respective state or local regulators concerning the transition to competition. These filings called for the accelerated recovery of the companies' nuclear investment and nuclear-related purchase obligations over a seven-year period and for the protection of certain classes of ratepayers from possibly unfairly bearing the burden of cost shifting which may result from competition. The majority of the domestic utility companies' current net investment in nuclear generation shown in Note 1 was included in the proposals for accelerated recovery filed with state and local regulators. ENTERGY CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES MANAGEMENT'S FINANCIAL DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS SIGNIFICANT FACTORS AND KNOWN TRENDS Retail and Wholesale Rate Issues The retail regulatory philosophy is shifting in some jurisdictions from traditional cost-of-service regulation to incentive-rate regulation. Incentive and performance-based rate plans encourage efficiencies and productivity while permitting utilities and their customers to share in the results. Entergy Mississippi and Entergy Louisiana have implemented incentive-rate plans, although Entergy Louisiana's plan has now expired. Several of the domestic utility companies have recently been ordered to grant base rate reductions and have refunded or credited customers for previous overcollections of rates. The continuing pattern of rate reductions reflects both lower costs of service ordered by regulators and the competitive environment in which the domestic utilities operate. See Note 2 for additional discussion of rate reductions and incentive-rate regulation, as well as a proposed System Energy rate increase. Legislative Activity Retail wheeling is the transmission and/or distribution by an electric utility of energy produced by another entity over the utility's transmission and distribution system to a retail customer in the electric utility's area of service. California, Rhode Island, New Hampshire, Massachusetts, Montana, Oklahoma, Illinois, and Pennsylvania, among others, have begun the restructuring of the utility industry within their respective states. Most other states have initiated studies of industry restructuring. Included in many of these restructuring plans and studies are provisions or proposals allowing utilities to have a reasonable opportunity to recover investments in utility plant that have previously been determined to be prudently incurred. However, some states have not allowed full recovery of such investments. Within the areas served by the domestic utility companies, formal proceedings to study retail competition/industry restructuring are being conducted by the LPSC, the MPSC, the PUCT, and the Council. A number of bills have been introduced in the U.S. Congress calling for deregulation of the electric power industry. Included among these are some that would amend or repeal PUHCA and/or PURPA. These bills generally have provisions that would give consumers the ability to choose their own electricity service provider. The Energy and Power Subcommittee of the Commerce Committee of the U.S. House of Representatives held hearings on this issue in October 1997, at which it was agreed that a consensus approach to electricity deregulation was needed. However, no agreement has been reached as to a specific approach. Entergy Gulf States was an active participant in discussions aimed at developing legislation relating to electric utility industry restructuring and competition in the Texas Legislature. However, no such legislation was passed before the Legislature adjourned in June 1997. The legislature will not reconvene until January 1999, by which time Entergy Gulf States expects that the PUCT will have acted on the transition to competition filing of Entergy Gulf States. The Arkansas Senate has passed a resolution requesting a study of the impact of electric utility industry competition on the citizens of Arkansas, the electric utility industry, and the regulatory authority of the APSC. This study, to be performed by a joint legislative committee of the Arkansas General Assembly, began in December 1997, and is expected to conclude prior to the 1999 legislative session. ENTERGY CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES MANAGEMENT'S FINANCIAL DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS SIGNIFICANT FACTORS AND KNOWN TRENDS The SEC issued Rule 58 under PUHCA, which became effective on March 22, 1997, permitting registered public utility holding companies such as Entergy to enter into an array of energy-related businesses for which specific approval had previously been required. These businesses include, among other things, management, operations and maintenance contracting for energy-related facilities, energy efficiency contracting, and the sale and servicing of a range of electric appliances and equipment. EPMC and Entergy Holdings, Inc., wholly-owned subsidiaries of Entergy, now operate pursuant to Rule 58. EPMC terminated its EWG status shortly after Rule 58 became effective. Municipalization In some areas of the country, municipalities whose residents are served at retail by investor-owned utilities are exploring the possibility of establishing new electric distribution systems, or extending existing ones. In some cases, municipalities are also seeking new delivery points in order to serve retail customers, especially large industrial customers, that currently receive service from an investor-owned utility. Where successful, the establishment of a municipal system or the acquisition by a municipal system of a utility's customers could result in the utility's inability to recover costs that it has incurred for the purpose of serving those customers. Industry Consolidation Another factor in the transition to competition nationwide is the continuing and accelerating trend of utility mergers and joint ventures. A significant trend over the last several years has been the combination of electric utilities and gas pipeline and/or distribution companies. Such mergers and joint ventures for the same purpose are expected to continue. Functional Unbundling An additional trend is the unbundling of traditional utility functions. In some areas of the country, utilities have either sold or are attempting to sell all or a substantial portion of their generation assets and will become, in large part, suppliers of transmission and/or distribution services only. Effects of Alternate Energy Sources on Retail Electric Sales to Industrial and Large Commercial Customers Many industrial and large commercial customers of the domestic utility companies have energy intensive needs. These customers are exploring available energy alternatives such as fuel switching, cogeneration, self- generation, production shifting, and efficiency measures in an effort to reduce their energy costs. To the extent that customers avail themselves of these options, the domestic utility companies may suffer a loss of load. Recognizing the options that customers might pursue, the domestic utility companies, in particular, Entergy Gulf States and Entergy Louisiana, have negotiated electric service contracts with large industrial and commercial customers for the purpose of retaining the load represented by these customers. Electric service under such agreements may be provided at tariffed rates lower than would otherwise be applicable. While the results of operations of the domestic utility companies have not thus far been materially adversely affected as a result of the negotiation of retail electric service agreements with industrial and large commercial customers, this has been due in large measure to the utilities' success in reducing costs, overall load growth, increasing sales to all customer classes, and the regulatory treatment accorded to negotiated electric service agreements. In view of the likelihood of increased competition in the electric utility business in the future, there can be no assurance that at risk industrial and large commercial customers will continue to be retained by the domestic utility companies. ENTERGY CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES MANAGEMENT'S FINANCIAL DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS SIGNIFICANT FACTORS AND KNOWN TRENDS In 1995, Entergy Louisiana received separate notices from two large industrial customers that they were proceeding with proposed cogeneration projects for the purpose of fulfilling their future electric energy needs. In 1997, net income decreased by approximately $6 million and sales declined by 1,662 megawatt hours from the prior year, as a result of these customers proceeding with their proposed cogeneration projects. These customers will continue to purchase energy from Entergy Louisiana, but at a reduced level. Change in Contract with Steam Customer In 1996, Entergy Gulf States entered into agreements concerning a steam generating station that historically had been dedicated to providing steam and cogenerated electricity for a large industrial customer. Under these agreements, the generating facility was leased to the customer, but Entergy Gulf States continues to operate the facility. The customer is spending approximately $190 million to make major improvements to the facility, including a new 150 MW gas turbine generator. As a result of these agreements, which were entered into with the expectation that the customer otherwise would terminate its contracts with Entergy Gulf States and construct its own generating facilities, Entergy Gulf States' revenues from this customer are being reduced by approximately $33 million annually from the 1996 level of revenues, beginning in August 1997, and Entergy Gulf States' net income is being reduced by approximately $15 million annually. Revenue from this customer amounted to $44 million and $59 million in 1997 and 1996, respectively. Domestic and Foreign Competitive Growth Businesses Entergy Corporation seeks opportunities to expand its foreign businesses and its domestic businesses that are not regulated by state and local regulatory authorities. Such business ventures currently include power development and operations and retail services related to the utility business. Refer to "MANAGEMENT'S FINANCIAL DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS - LIQUIDITY AND CAPITAL RESOURCES" for a discussion of Entergy Corporation's 1997 investments in domestic and foreign nonregulated businesses. These investments may involve a greater risk than domestically regulated utility enterprises. In 1997, Entergy Corporation's competitive growth businesses reduced consolidated net income by approximately $139 million principally due to the impact of a windfall profits tax in the UK, which was partially offset by a reduction in the UK corporation tax rate, as discussed in more detail below in "Windfall Profits Tax". Excluding the impact of these and other non-recurring items, the competitive growth businesses contributed $51 million to consolidated net income during 1997. In an effort to expand into new energy-related businesses, Entergy has begun to commercialize the fiber optic telecommunications network that connects its facilities and supports its internal business needs. Entergy provides long-haul fiber optic capacity to major telecommunications carriers which, in turn, market that service to third parties. The Telecommunications Act of 1996 permits a company such as Entergy to market such a service, subject to state and local regulatory approval. This law contains an exemption from PUHCA that will permit registered utility holding companies to form and capitalize subsidiaries to engage in telephone, telecommunications, and information service businesses without SEC approval. However, the law requires that such telecommunications subsidiaries file for exemption from regulation with the Federal Communications Commission, and that they not engage in transactions with utility affiliates within their holding company systems or acquire utility affiliates' rate-based property without state or local regulatory approval. EPMC, which was created in 1995 to become a buyer and seller of electric energy and generating fuels, operates pursuant to Rule 58 under PUHCA. In February 1996, FERC approved sales of electricity by EPMC at market-based rates. Such approval allows EPMC to provide wholesale customers with a variety of services, including physical trading. An application before the SEC seeking additional authority for EPMC to purchase and sell derivative contracts relating to electricity, gas, and fuels was approved in January 1998. ENTERGY CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES MANAGEMENT'S FINANCIAL DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS SIGNIFICANT FACTORS AND KNOWN TRENDS On December 18, 1996, Entergy made a formal cash offer to acquire London Electricity for $2.1 billion. London Electricity is an REC serving approximately two million customers in the metropolitan area of London, England. The offer was approved by authorities in the UK and was made unconditional on February 7, 1997. Entergy subsequently gained control of 100% of the common shares of London Electricity. The acquisition was financed with $1.7 billion of debt that is non-recourse to Entergy Corporation, and $392 million of equity provided by Entergy Corporation from available cash and borrowings under its $300 million line of credit, which has since been refinanced (see Note 7). Entergy has accounted for the transaction as a purchase and accordingly has included the results of London Electricity in its consolidated results of operations effective February 1, 1997. Through its London Electricity acquisition, Entergy expects to gain valuable experience in the deregulated UK electricity market, in anticipation of the deregulation of the electricity market in the United States. London Electricity has already experienced seven years of a partially competitive supply environment and expects to be in a fully competitive supply market beginning in late 1998. In conjunction with the acquisition of London Electricity, Entergy established an international retail operations group to coordinate retail electric operations in the UK, Australia, and Argentina. In September 1997, EPDC acquired KPL for $67 million. KPL owns land in Southeast England and certain rights to build a power station. The acquisition of KPL was financed by borrowings under a BPS50 million ($82 million) credit facility with an international bank, which has since been increased to BPS100 million ($165 million). In early October 1997, EPDC announced construction of a 770 MW combined cycle gas turbine merchant power plant on the KPL site to be known as Damhead Creek. Construction is scheduled to begin in April 1998, at an estimated cost of $625 million. The target date for commercial operation is the second quarter of 2000. Financing and other project requirements are currently in the final stages of development In December 1997, SCC, a wholly-owned subsidiary of EPDC, entered into a BPS646 million ($1.07 billion) nonrecourse credit facility with an international bank group for the construction of 1,200 MW gas-fired power plant in Hull, England. The power plant will sell power into the UK power pool at prices established by the market. SCC entered into a lump-sum contract to build the power plant with a major international contractor. SCC has also entered into a series of contracts including a long-term ground lease for the site, a long-term gas supply agreement including take- or-pay obligations, and a long-term power supply with the industrial host. In connection with an equity contribution obligation to SCC, EPDC provided a BPS48 million ($79 million) letter of credit under a BPS100 million ($165 million) revolving credit facility. Entergy Corporation has issued a $170 million guaranty of EPDC's obligations under the revolving credit facility. The total cost of this project currently is estimated to be approximately $875 million and the project is expected to be operational by January 2000. In 1997, Entergy continued to expand and diversify its domestic and foreign businesses. Such efforts included the formation of a joint venture (Entergy Hyperion Telecommunications) to offer competitive local access telephone services to business customers in the metropolitan areas of Little Rock, Arkansas, Jackson, Mississippi, and Baton Rouge, Louisiana. Entergy Nuclear, Inc., a wholly-owned subsidiary of Entergy Enterprises, entered into an agreement to provide management services for initial decommissioning activities (through September 30, 1998) at the Maine Yankee nuclear plant, owned by the Maine Yankee Atomic Power Company, whose board of directors announced in August 1997 the permanent closure of the plant. Entergy also continued its expansion into the electronic security service field in 1997 through the acquisition by Entergy Security Company (a wholly-owned subsidiary of ETHC) of the Ranger American group of companies, a leading provider of electronic security services in the largest cities in Texas and in Atlanta, Georgia, which has approximately 140,000 customers and annual revenues of approximately $53 million. The aggregate purchase price (comprised of Entergy common stock and cash) was approximately $61 million. ENTERGY CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES MANAGEMENT'S FINANCIAL DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS SIGNIFICANT FACTORS AND KNOWN TRENDS As a part of its efforts to reposition itself in the evolving international power market, Entergy sold all or part of its interests in various power development projects for proceeds of $64 million, realizing after-tax gains of $17.6 million. Entergy Power Chile, S.A., an indirect wholly-owned subsidiary of Entergy Power purchased a 25% interest in the San Isidro project, a 370 MW gas-fired, combined cycle generating facility under construction in Chile. Entergy also announced in 1997 that, through a joint venture entered into by a subsidiary, it commenced construction of a 24 MW cogeneration plant in Nantong, China. Foreign Distribution and Supply On April 1, 1995, 1996, and 1997 certain reductions in London Electricity's allowed distribution revenues were made by the Regulator. Such allowed distribution revenues were reduced by 14% and 11% on April 1, 1995 and April 1, 1996, respectively, following reviews by the Regulator. On April 1, 1997, London Electricity's allowed distribution revenues were further decreased by 3%, with further annual reductions of 3% to occur on April 1, 1998 and 1999. London Electricity is pursuing a number of cost efficiency initiatives in an attempt to partially offset the expected price decreases. Such efficiencies will include voluntary early retirement programs, work force reductions, and labor cost realignment, and are expected to generate substantial cost savings when fully implemented by fiscal year 2001. The one-time cost of such savings will be approximately $58 million, which has been provided for by London Electricity. At present, London Electricity has an exclusive right in its franchise area to supply electricity to customers with demand of less than 100 KW. In late 1998, this segment of the supply business will become open to competition, subject to a six-month transition period. See Note 2 for additional information related to expanded competition in the supply business and London Electricity's expected expenditures in preparation for full competition in supply by June 1999 and the Regulator's proposals regarding recovery of such costs. On July 1 in each of the years 1997 through 2000 certain adjustments to Entergy's Australian subsidiary's (CitiPower's) allowed distribution revenues have been made by CitiPower's regulator. Such distribution revenues have been and will be adjusted by 1% less than the change in the consumer price index for each of the respective years. CitiPower has implemented certain cost efficiency and marketing initiatives to mitigate the impact of such revenue adjustments. At present, CitiPower has an exclusive right in its franchise area to supply electricity to customers with annual usage of less than 750 MWH. In July 1998 and January 2001, CitiPower customers with annual usage of between 160 MWH to 750 MWH and less than 160 MWH, respectively, will become open to supply business competition. Retail prices for CitiPower non-franchise supply customers are subject to competitive market forces and are not regulated except for network tariffs, which are based on a maximum average charge incorporating annual price changes of 1.5% less than the change in the consumer price index plus full recovery of transmission charges. These controls will apply through the year 2000. The London Electricity and CitiPower supply businesses generally involve entering into fixed price contracts to supply electricity to customers who have become subject to competition. The electricity is obtained primarily by purchases on a spot basis in which prices can be volatile. London Electricity and CitiPower are exposed to risks arising from differences between the fixed prices at which they sell electricity and the fluctuating prices at which electricity is purchased unless such exposure can be effectively hedged. This risk will be extended to additional supply business customers as described above as they become subject to competition. To mitigate its exposure to volatility, London Electricity utilizes contracts for differences ("CFDs") and power purchase contracts with certain UK generators to fix the price of electricity for a contracted quantity over a specific period of time. As of December 31, 1997, London Electricity had outstanding CFDs and power purchase contracts for approximately 40,000 GWH of electricity. These include a long term power purchase contract with an affiliate, which is based on 27.5% of the affiliate's capacity from its 1000 MW facility through the year 2010. London Electricity's sales volumes were approximately 18,000 GWH for 1997. Management's estimate of the fair value of London Electricity's CFDs outstanding at December 31, 1997 is that fair value approximates contract value. In accordance with the debt covenants included in the financing provisions of the CitiPower acquisition, CitiPower must hedge at least 80% of its energy purchases. CitiPower's current strategy is to hedge approximately 100% of its forecasted energy purchases through energy trading swaps entered into with certain generators. At December 31, 1997 CitiPower has outstanding energy trading swaps totaling a notional amount of 38,372 MW of average daily load of electricity. These contracts mature through the year 2000. Management's estimate of the fair value of such swaps outstanding at December 31, 1997 is a net liability of approximately $86.1 million. The potential exists for additional distribution price reductions in both the UK and Australia. Cost efficiency initiatives may not result in sufficient savings to offset price reductions. Price reductions are mitigated by the inclusion of the general index for inflation in the determination of allowed revenues. Windfall Profits Tax As a result of Parliamentary elections held on May 1, 1997, the Labour Party gained control of the UK Government. On July 31, 1997, the British government enacted a one-time "windfall profits tax" on privatized industries, including regional electric utilities such as London Electricity. London Electricity's windfall profits tax liability is approximately BPS140 million (approximately $234 million), which will not be deductible for UK corporation tax purposes. Payment of the tax is required in two equal installments, the first of which was paid on December 1, 1997, and the second due on December 1, 1998. The UK Government also decreased the UK corporation tax rate from 33% to 31%, effective April 1, 1997. In accordance with SFAS 109, "Accounting for Income Taxes", this reduction resulted in a one-time reduction in income tax expense of approximately BPS38 million (approximately $65 million).The liability for the windfall profits tax (with a corresponding increase in income tax expense) and the reduction in London Electricity's deferred income tax liability (with a corresponding reduction in income tax expense) were recorded in July 1997. Waterford 3 On January 6, 1997, Waterford 3 received from the NRC its SALP report for the period April 29, 1995 through November 30, 1996. During this period, observed performance declined from the previous SALP report, and three of the four functional areas received lower ratings. Waterford 3 personnel are meeting with NRC personnel periodically, and significant Waterford 3 management changes have been effected in order to address these matters. Additionally, Waterford 3 has instituted a multi-year program to improve performance and is incurring additional costs in doing so. A scheduled 45-day refueling outage for the Waterford 3 nuclear plant began on April 12, 1997. Additional work and two minor incidents caused the outage to be extended from May 27 to mid-June. On May 28, 1997, a start-up transformer at Waterford 3 failed due to an internal fault. A replacement transformer was located and shipped to Waterford 3, where certain plant configuration changes were made to facilitate its installation. After installation of the replacement transformer, the plant was restarted on July 29, 1997. Cajun - River Bend On October 7, 1997, the RUS elected not to become the transferee of Cajun's 30% interest in River Bend. Accordingly, under the terms of the Cajun Settlement, Cajun's interest in River Bend was transferred by Cajun's Trustee in Bankruptcy to Entergy Gulf States on December 23, 1997. As a result, Entergy Gulf States recorded this 30% interest at $139 million based on management's estimate of the fair value of the asset at the time of transfer. Entergy Gulf States recorded a corresponding gain of $139 million in its results of operations in 1997 to reflect this transfer. This portion of River Bend will not be subject to cost of service regulation. In connection with the transfer, Cajun established a trust fund in the amount of $132 million to satisfy its obligation for decommissioning its 30% share of the plant. See Note 9 for additional information. ENTERGY CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES MANAGEMENT'S FINANCIAL DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS SIGNIFICANT FACTORS AND KNOWN TRENDS Labor Agreements In April 1997, Entergy Gulf States and a union representing 1,000 employees in Texas and Louisiana signed a two-year labor contract (expiring August 14, 1999). The contract stipulates that no layoffs will occur in the next two years and wages will be increased 3% per year in 1997 and 1998. In July 1997, Entergy Operations and the union representing 317 employees at River Bend and Entergy Mississippi and the union representing 400 of its employees signed two-year labor contracts for the period from October 1998 to October 2000 which stipulate that no layoffs of covered employees will occur over the next two years and that wages will be increased 3% in each of the next two years. Deregulated Utility Operations Entergy Gulf States discontinued regulatory accounting principles for its wholesale jurisdiction and steam department and the Louisiana deregulated portion of River Bend during 1989 and 1991, respectively. The operating income from these operations was $19.7 million in 1997, $13.9 million in 1996, and $1.2 million in 1995. The increase in 1997 net income from deregulated operations was primarily due to decreased steam department expenses, partially offset by reduced wholesale jurisdiction revenues. The increase in 1996 net income from such operations was principally due to increased revenues, partially offset by increased depreciation. The future impact of the deregulated utility operations on Entergy and Entergy Gulf States' results of operations and financial position will depend on future operating costs, the efficiency and availability of generating units, the future market for energy over the remaining life of the assets, the operation of the steam generating station leased to a large industrial customer described above in "Change in Contract with Steam Customer", and the recoverability through nonregulated power sales of the $139 million of net book value of the 30% of River Bend previously owned by Cajun. See "Cajun - River Bend" above. Property Tax Exemptions Waterford 3's local property tax exemptions expired in December 1995. In a March 1996 LPSC order, Entergy Louisiana was permitted to defer recovery of the estimated Waterford 3 property tax from January 1996 through June 1996. The order allowed the recovery of the property tax beginning in July 1996 and for recovery, from July 1996 through June 1997, of the related deferral. Entergy Louisiana paid property taxes of $18.9 million on Waterford 3 in 1997. River Bend's local property tax exemptions expired in December 1996. The 1997 property tax was approximately $12.9 million. The portion of the property tax related to the Texas jurisdiction was included in the rate proceeding filed with the PUCT in November 1996 and in the fourth required Merger-related earnings review filed with the LPSC in May 1997. Accounting Issues Continued Application of SFAS 71 The electric utility industry is moving toward a combination of competition and a modified regulatory environment. The domestic utility companies' and System Energy's financial statements currently reflect, for the most part, assets and costs based on existing cost-based ratemaking regulations in accordance with SFAS 71, "Accounting for the Effects of Certain Types of Regulation" (SFAS 71). Continued applicability of SFAS 71 to the domestic utility companies' and System Energy's financial statements requires that rates set by an independent regulator on a cost-of-service basis be charged to and collected from customers for the foreseeable future. ENTERGY CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES MANAGEMENT'S FINANCIAL DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS SIGNIFICANT FACTORS AND KNOWN TRENDS In the event that all or a portion of a utility's operations cease to meet those criteria for various reasons, including deregulation, a change in the method of regulation, or a change in the competitive environment for the utility's regulated services, the utility is required to discontinue application of SFAS 71 for the relevant portion of its operations by eliminating from the balance sheet the effects of any actions of regulators recorded as regulatory assets and liabilities. Discontinuation of the application of SFAS 71 could have a material adverse impact on Entergy's financial statements. The SEC has expressed concern regarding the continued applicability of SFAS 71 to the financial statements of electric utilities that have been ordered by regulators to adopt transition to competition plans or are in the process of participating with the state legislatures and/or regulators in the development of such plans. While such plans may call for rate caps or decreases, they generally provide for recovery of investments in uneconomic or noncompetitive generating plants and other regulatory assets (together defined as stranded costs). The SEC is concerned that portions of entities subject to such plans may not meet the criteria for the continued application of SFAS 71. During 1997, EITF 97-4: "Deregulation of the Pricing of Electricity - Issues Related to the Application of FASB Statements No. 71 and 101" was issued, specifying that SFAS 71 should be discontinued at a date no later than when the details of the transition to competition plan for all or a portion of the entity subject to such plan are known. However, other factors could cause the discontinuation of SFAS 71 before that date. Additionally, EITF 97-4 promulgates that regulatory assets to be recovered through cash flows derived from another portion of the entity which continues to apply SFAS 71 should not be written off; rather, they should be considered regulatory assets of the segment which will continue to apply SFAS 71. The domestic utility companies' and System Energy's financial statements continue to apply SFAS 71 for their regulated operations, except for those portions of Entergy Gulf States' business described in "Deregulated Utility Operations" above. Although discussions with regulatory authorities regarding retail competition have occurred and are expected to continue, definitive outcomes have not yet been determined; therefore, the regulated operations continue to apply SFAS 71. See Note 1 for additional discussion of Entergy's application of SFAS 71. Accounting for Decommissioning Costs In February 1996, the FASB issued an exposure draft of a proposed SFAS addressing the accounting for decommissioning costs of nuclear generating units as well as liabilities related to the closure and removal of all long-lived assets. See Note 9 for a discussion of proposed changes in the accounting for decommissioning/closure costs and the potential impact of these changes on Entergy. Year 2000 Issues Like many companies, Entergy is currently evaluating its computer software, databases, embedded microprocessors, suppliers, and other constituent relationships to determine the extent to which modifications are required to prevent problems related to the year 2000, and the resources which will be required to make such modifications. These problems could result in malfunctions in certain software applications, databases, computer equipment, and supplier performance with respect to dates on or after January 1, 2000, unless corrected. Entergy has been working on the above mentioned modifications and contingencies throughout most of 1997, and will continue these efforts throughout 1998 and into 1999. Preliminary estimates of the total costs to be incurred by Entergy's global enterprises in 1998 through mid-2000 are approximately $95 million. Maintenance or modification costs will be expensed as incurred, while the costs of new software will be capitalized and amortized over the software's useful life in accordance with EITF 96-14: "Accounting for the Costs Associated with Modifying Computer Software for the Year 2000." ENTERGY CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES MANAGEMENT'S FINANCIAL DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS SIGNIFICANT FACTORS AND KNOWN TRENDS Market Risks Entergy uses derivative instruments to manage the interest rate risk associated with certain of its variable rate credit facilities, the currency exchange rate risk for interest payments associated with its Entergy London Perpetual Junior Subordinated Debentures (Debentures), and the commodity price risk associated with its foreign electricity supply and domestic energy marketing businesses. Entergy uses interest rate swaps to reduce the impact of interest rate changes on its CitiPower and Entergy London variable rate credit facilities. The interest rate swap agreements involve the exchange of floating rate interest payments for fixed rate interest payments over the life of the agreements. As of December 31, 1997, 77% of the outstanding variable interest rate borrowings on these credit facilities were converted to fixed interest rates through interest rate swaps. The potential loss in fair value from these positions resulting from a hypothetical 10% adverse movement in base interest rates is estimated at $29 million as of December 31, 1997. See Note 7 for further discussion of these swaps. Entergy London's cash flows are predominately denominated in BPS. Entergy London has entered a U.S. dollar denominated obligation through issuance of the Perpetual Junior Subordinate Debentures (Debentures). To hedge currency exposure on the Debentures, Entergy London has entered foreign currency swap agreements to fix the British pound sterling equivalent which will be required to service interest on the Debentures for the next seven years. See Note 6 for further discussion of these swaps. Entergy's UK and Australian electricity supply businesses utilize fixed price contracts to supply electricity to their customers. The electricity is obtained primarily by purchases from the spot market. Because the price of electricity purchased from the market can be volatile, Entergy's UK and Australian electricity supply businesses are exposed to risks arising from differences between the fixed prices at which they sell electricity and the fluctuating prices at which they purchase electricity. To mitigate exposure to volatility, Entergy's UK and Australian electricity supply businesses utilize contracts for differences (CFDs) and energy trading swaps to fix the price of their electricity purchases. The potential loss in fair value of these CFDs and energy trading swaps resulting from a hypothetical 10% adverse movement in future electricity prices is estimated at $103 million. Management, however, believes that any loss actually realized would be substantially offset by the effects of electricity price movements on the respective underlying hedged electricity supply contracts. See Note 9 for further discussion of the CFDs and energy trading swaps. Entergy's domestic energy and natural gas marketing business enters into sales and purchases of electricity and natural gas for delivery up to twelve months into the future. Because the market prices of electricity and natural gas can be volatile, Entergy's domestic energy and natural gas marketing business is exposed to risk arising from differences between the fixed prices in its commitments and fluctuating market prices. To mitigate its exposure, Entergy's domestic energy and natural gas marketing business enters into electricity and natural gas futures and option contracts. This business utilizes a value-at-risk model to assess the market risk of its derivative financial instruments. Value-at-risk represents the potential losses for an instrument or portfolio from adverse changes in market factors for a specified time period and confidence level. The value-at- risk was estimated using historical simulation calculated on a daily basis over a thirty-day period with a 95% confidence level and a holding period of one business day. Based on these assumptions, the business's value-at-risk as of December 31, 1997 was not material to Entergy. ENTERGY CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES MANAGEMENT'S FINANCIAL DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS SIGNIFICANT FACTORS AND KNOWN TRENDS Management's calculation of value-at-risk exposure represents an estimate of reasonably possible net losses that would be recognized on its portfolio of derivative financial instruments, assuming hypothetical movements in future market rates, and is not necessarily indicative of actual future results. It does not represent the maximum possible loss or an expected loss that may occur, because actual future gains and losses will differ from those estimated, based upon actual fluctuations in market rates, operating exposures, and the timing thereof, and changes in the portfolio of derivative financial instruments during the year. REPORT OF INDEPENDENT ACCOUNTANTS To the Board of Directors and Shareholders of Entergy Corporation We have audited the accompanying consolidated balance sheets of Entergy Corporation and Subsidiaries as of December 31, 1997 and 1996, and the related statements of consolidated income, retained earnings and paid in capital and cash flows for each of the three years in the period ended December 31, 1997. These financial statements are the responsibility of the Corporation's management. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on these financial statements based on our audits. We conducted our audits in accordance with generally accepted auditing standards. Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the financial statements are free of material misstatement. An audit includes examining, on a test basis, evidence supporting the amounts and disclosures in the financial statements. An audit also includes assessing the accounting principles used and significant estimates made by management, as well as evaluating the overall financial statement presentation. We believe that our audits provide a reasonable basis for our opinion. In our opinion, the consolidated financial statements referred to above present fairly, in all material respects, the financial position of Entergy Corporation and Subsidiaries as of December 31, 1997 and 1996, and the results of their operations and their cash flows for each of the three years in the period ended December 31, 1997 in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles. As discussed in Note 1 to the consolidated financial statements, at January 1, 1996 the Company adopted Statement of Financial Accounting Standards No. 121, "Accounting for the Impairment of Long-Lived Assets and for Long-Lived Assets to Be Disposed Of". Also, as discussed in Note 1 to the consolidated financial statements, in 1996, one of the Corporation's subsidiaries changed its method of accounting for incremental nuclear plant outage maintenance costs. COOPERS & LYBRAND L.L.P. New Orleans, Louisiana March 4, 1998 ENTERGY CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES MANAGEMENT'S FINANCIAL DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS RESULTS OF OPERATIONS On February 7, 1997, Entergy Corporation, through its wholly-owned subsidiary, Entergy London, made unconditional its offer to acquire 100% ownership of London Electricity. In accordance with the purchase method of accounting, the results of operations for 1996 and 1995 of Entergy Corporation and Subsidiaries do not include London Electricity's results of operations. Consolidated net income for 1997 reflects London Electricity's results subsequent to February 1, 1997. See Note 13 for additional information regarding London Electricity. On January 5, 1996, Entergy Corporation finalized its acquisition of CitiPower. In accordance with the purchase method of accounting, the results of operations for 1995 of Entergy Corporation and Subsidiaries do not include CitiPower's results of operations. Net Income Consolidated net income decreased in 1997 primarily due to the recording of a one-time windfall profits tax at Entergy London, a reserve for regulatory adjustments at Entergy Gulf States, the write-off of the radioactive waste facility deferrals at Entergy Arkansas, Entergy Gulf States, and Entergy Louisiana, and the reversal of the Cajun-River Bend litigation accrual at Entergy Gulf States in September 1996. The decrease in net income was partially offset by the one-time write-off of River Bend rate deferrals pursuant to SFAS 121 at Entergy Gulf States in January 1996, by the 1997 one-time reduction in income tax expense for London Electricity due to a reduction in the UK corporation tax rate from 33% to 31%, and by the Cajun litigation settlement at Entergy Gulf States in December 1997. Excluding these items, net income would have decreased 8% due to a decrease in the earnings from domestic regulated operations offset by increased earnings from competitive growth businesses, primarily London Electricity. Consolidated net income decreased in 1996 primarily due to the $174 million net of tax write-off of River Bend rate deferrals pursuant to SFAS 121 and the one-time recording in 1995 of the cumulative effect of the change in accounting method for incremental nuclear refueling outage maintenance costs at Entergy Arkansas. The effect of these items was partially offset by the reversal of a Cajun-River Bend litigation accrual at Entergy Gulf States. Excluding these items, net income would have increased 17% due to decreased other operation and maintenance expenses for domestic regulated operations as a result of restructuring programs and ongoing efficiency improvement programs throughout Entergy. Significant factors affecting the results of operations and causing variances between the years 1997 and 1996, and between the years 1996 and 1995, are discussed under "Revenues and Sales", "Expenses", and "Other" below. Revenues and Sales See "SELECTED FINANCIAL DATA - FIVE-YEAR COMPARISON", following the financial statements, for information on operating revenues by source and KWH sales. ENTERGY CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES MANAGEMENT'S FINANCIAL DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS RESULTS OF OPERATIONS The changes in electric operating revenues for Entergy's domestic utility companies for the twelve months ended December 31, 1997 and 1996 are as follows: Increase/(Decrease) Description 1997 1996 (In Millions) Change in base revenues ($189.1) ($117.5) Rate riders (3.6) 1.8 Fuel cost recovery 90.1 382.3 Sales volume/weather 31.3 108.0 Other revenue (including unbilled) 147.3 (49.3) Sales for resale (16.6) 37.6 ----- ------ Total $59.4 $362.9 ===== ====== Electric operating revenues for Entergy's domestic utility companies increased slightly in 1997 as a result of increased other revenues, fuel adjustment revenues, which do not affect net income, and higher sales volume/weather. These increases were partially offset by a decrease in base revenues and sales for resale to non-associated utilities. Other revenue increased due to the gain on the Cajun Settlement for Cajun's 30% interest in the property associated with River Bend. Fuel adjustment revenues increased in 1997 due to a PUCT order that approved recovery of $18.5 million of previously under-recovered fuel expenses by Entergy Gulf States. Sales volume/weather increased primarily due to an increase in sales to industrial customers, particularly, certain cogeneration customers who purchased replacement electricity from Entergy Gulf States offset by a decrease due to milder weather in 1997. Base rate revenues decreased primarily due to the reserve for regulatory adjustments at Entergy Gulf States, rate reductions for Louisiana retail customers, aggressive pricing strategies for targeted customer segments, and a change in sales mix from residential and commercial customers to industrial customers at Entergy Gulf States. Sales for resale to non-associated utilities decreased due to changes in generation requirements and availability among the domestic utility companies, primarily Entergy Arkansas and Entergy Gulf States. During the fourth quarter of 1997, Entergy Gulf States established reserves for potential regulatory adjustments based on management's estimates of the financial effect of potential adverse rulings in connection with the River Bend plant-related costs and pending rate proceedings in Texas. See Note 2 for further discussion of the PUCT order related to under-recovered fuel expenses, the River Bend plant-related costs, and other pending rate proceedings. Electric operating revenues increased in 1996 as a result of higher fuel adjustment revenues, which do not affect net income, and higher sales volume, partially offset by rate reductions at the domestic utility companies. The increase in sales volume was primarily the result of increases in customers and in customer usage. Gas operating revenues increased in 1996 due to higher unit purchase prices for gas purchased for resale and colder than normal weather in the first quarter of 1996. Competitive growth business revenues increased by $2.3 billion in 1997 primarily due to the February 1997 acquisition of London Electricity by Entergy London. London Electricity generated revenues of $1.8 billion during the eleven months it is included in 1997 results of operations. Also contributing to the increase in competitive growth business revenues was an increase in revenue at EPMC of $427 million. After obtaining the appropriate regulatory and board approvals, EPMC began trading in late May 1996. EPMC's increased revenues in 1997 are primarily due to full year of trading in 1997 as compared to six months in 1996 coupled with an aggressive marketing effort in 1997. These increases were offset by increased power purchased for resale as discussed below. The increase of $501 million in competitive growth business revenues in 1996 was due primarily to the acquisition of CitiPower. ENTERGY CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES MANAGEMENT'S FINANCIAL DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS RESULTS OF OPERATIONS Expenses Operating expenses for 1997 include Entergy London's operating expenses of $1.7 billion for the year ended December 31, 1997, which were not included in the prior year's financial statements. Operating expenses, excluding Entergy London, increased primarily due to increases in nuclear refueling outage expenses, depreciation, amortization, and decommissioning expenses, increases in the amortization of rate deferrals, and increases in power purchased for resale by EPMC. These increases in operating expenses were partially offset by a decrease in other operation and maintenance expenses. The increase in purchased power is primarily the result of a higher level of power purchased for resale by EPMC. The increase in nuclear refueling outage expenses is primarily due to the amortization of previously deferred November 1996 outage expenses at System Energy, which are now being amortized over an 18-month period that began in December 1996. Prior to this outage, such costs were expensed as incurred and no such expenses were incurred in 1996. The increase in depreciation, amortization, and decommissioning is primarily due to the reduction of the regulatory asset established at System Energy to defer the depreciation associated with the sale and leaseback in 1989 of a portion of Grand Gulf 1. An increase in plant additions and improvements also contributed to the increase in depreciation, amortization, and decommissioning. The increase in rate deferral amortization is primarily due to greater Grand Gulf 1 rate deferral amortization at Entergy Arkansas and Entergy New Orleans, as prescribed in the Grand Gulf 1 rate phase-in plan and, for Entergy Arkansas, the December 1997 APSC Stipulation and Settlement Agreements. The decrease in other operation and maintenance expenses was primarily due to the Cajun litigation settlement at Entergy Gulf States in December 1997. This decrease was partially offset by the write-off of the radioactive waste facility deferrals at Entergy Arkansas, Entergy Gulf States, and Entergy Louisiana. Operating expenses for 1996 include the operating expenses of CitiPower, which were not included in the 1995 financial statements. Excluding the operating expenses of CitiPower, Entergy's operating expenses increased in 1996. The following discussion excludes the impact of the acquisition of CitiPower. In 1996, fuel and purchased power expenses increased as a result of higher fuel costs and an increase in sales volume. Other operation and maintenance expenses decreased in 1996 due to lower payroll-related expenses, resulting from restructuring programs in addition to ongoing operating efficiency improvement programs throughout Entergy. Other regulatory credits reducing operating expenses in 1996 represent the deferral of Waterford 3 local property taxes and the deferral of a portion of the proposed System Energy rate increase at Entergy Mississippi and Entergy New Orleans. Nuclear refueling outage expenses decreased primarily due to the effect of deferring the nuclear refueling outage expenses at Grand Gulf 1 in the fourth quarter of 1996 rather than recognizing those expenses as incurred. The majority of the increase in decommissioning costs and depreciation rates is reflected in the 1995 System Energy FERC rate increase filing, subject to refund. See Note 2 for a discussion of the proposed rate increase. Other Other income decreased in 1997 primarily due to the reserve for regulatory adjustments at Entergy Gulf States, offset by interest income on the Cajun Settlement in December 1997, the write-off of River Bend rate deferrals pursuant to SFAS 121 at Entergy Gulf States in January 1996 and the Cajun litigation reversal in 1996. ENTERGY CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES MANAGEMENT'S FINANCIAL DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS RESULTS OF OPERATIONS Other income decreased in 1996 as a result of the write-off of River Bend rate deferrals pursuant to SFAS 121, and a decrease in Grand Gulf 1 carrying charges at Entergy Arkansas due to a decline in the deferral balance, partially offset by Entergy Gulf States' reversal of a Cajun-River Bend litigation accrual. Interest on long-term debt, excluding Entergy London, decreased in 1997 due primarily to ongoing retirement and refinancing of higher cost debt. Distributions on preferred securities of subsidiaries increased due to the issuance of Cumulative Income Preferred Securities at Entergy Arkansas in August 1996, Entergy Louisiana in July 1996, at Entergy Gulf States in January 1997, and Entergy London in November 1997. Excluding CitiPower, interest on long-term debt decreased in 1996 due primarily to ongoing retirement and refinancing of higher cost debt. Borrowings by Entergy Corporation from a $300 million line of credit related to the CitiPower investment contributed to the increase in other interest-net in 1996. Preferred dividend requirements decreased in 1997 and 1996 due to stock redemption activities. The effective income tax rates for 1997, 1996, and 1995 were 61.0%, 46.2%, and 37.5% respectively. The effective income tax rate was higher in 1997 primarily due to the one-time windfall profits tax at Entergy London in 1997 and the tax effects of the Cajun litigation settlement and the 1996 SFAS 121 write-off at Entergy Gulf States, which included AFUDC which was originally recorded net of its related income tax benefits. In 1996, the effective income tax rate increased primarily due to higher state income taxes, depreciation related taxes, and the SFAS 121 write-off at Entergy Gulf States. For a further discussion of income taxes, see Note 3.
ENTERGY CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES STATEMENTS OF CONSOLIDATED INCOME For the Years Ended December 31, 1997 1996 1995 (In Thousands, Except Share Data) Operating Revenues: Domestic electric $6,538,831 $6,450,940 $6,088,018 Natural gas 137,345 134,456 103,992 Steam products 43,664 59,143 49,295 Competitive growth businesses 2,841,881 533,118 31,767 ---------- ---------- ---------- Total 9,561,721 7,177,657 6,273,072 ---------- ---------- ---------- Operating Expenses: Operation and maintenance: Fuel, fuel-related expenses, and gas purchased for resale 1,677,041 1,635,885 1,395,889 Purchased power 2,318,811 704,744 356,596 Nuclear refueling outage expenses 73,857 55,148 84,972 Other operation and maintenance 1,886,149 1,577,383 1,528,351 Depreciation, amortization, and decommissioning 980,008 790,948 695,865 Taxes other than income taxes 365,439 353,270 300,120 Other regulatory charges (credits) (18,545) (47,542) 29,311 Amortization of rate deferrals 421,803 414,969 378,776 ---------- ---------- ---------- Total 7,704,563 5,484,805 4,769,880 ---------- ---------- ---------- Operating Income 1,857,158 1,692,852 1,503,192 ---------- ---------- ---------- Other Income (Deductions): Allowance for equity funds used during construction 10,057 9,951 9,629 Write-off of River Bend rate deferrals - (194,498) - Miscellaneous - net (232,703) 123,452 45,127 ---------- ---------- ---------- Total (222,646) (61,095) 54,756 ---------- ---------- ---------- Interest Charges: Interest on long-term debt 797,266 674,532 633,851 Other interest - net 51,624 49,053 33,749 Distributions on preferred securities of subsidiaries 21,319 4,797 - Allowance for borrowed funds used during construction (7,937) (8,347) (8,368) ---------- ---------- ---------- Total 862,272 720,035 659,232 ---------- ---------- ---------- Income Before Income Taxes 772,240 911,722 898,716 Income Taxes 471,341 421,159 336,182 ---------- ---------- ---------- Income before the Cumulative Effect of Accounting Changes 300,899 490,563 562,534 Cumulative Effect of Accounting Changes (net of income taxes) - - 35,415 ---------- ---------- ---------- Net Income 300,899 490,563 597,949 Preferred and Preference Dividend Requirements of Subsidiaries and Other 53,216 70,536 77,969 ---------- ---------- ---------- Earnings Applicable to Common Stock $247,683 $420,027 $519,980 ========== ========== ========== Earnings per average common share before cumulative effect of accounting changes: Basic and diluted $1.03 $1.83 $2.13 Earnings per average common share: Basic and diluted $1.03 $1.83 $2.28 Dividends declared per common share $1.80 $1.80 $1.80 Average number of common shares outstanding: Basic 240,207,539 229,084,241 227,669,970 Diluted 240,297,842 229,175,392 227,729,975 See Notes to Financial Statements.
ENTERGY CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES STATEMENTS OF CONSOLIDATED CASH FLOWS For the Years Ended December 31, 1997 1996 1995 (In Thousands) Operating Activities: Net income $300,899 $490,563 $597,949 Noncash items included in net income: Write-off of River Bend rate deferrals - 194,498 - Cumulative effect of a change in accounting principle - - (35,415) Gain on Cajun Settlement (246,022) - - Reserve for regulatory adjustments 381,285 - - Amortization of rate deferrals 421,803 414,969 378,776 Other regulatory charges (credits) (18,545) (47,542) 29,311 Depreciation, amortization, and decommissioning 980,008 790,948 695,865 Deferred income taxes and investment tax credits (252,955) 76,920 (31,006) Allowance for equity funds used during construction (10,057) (9,951) (9,629) Changes in working capital: Receivables (99,411) (30,322) (30,550) Fuel inventory 20,272 (17,220) (28,956) Accounts payable 181,243 4,011 (19,124) Taxes accrued 143,151 (27,488) 115,250 Interest accrued (9,849) 7,176 (194) Other working capital accounts (130,715) (121,692) (85,454) Changes in other regulatory assets 28,016 (85,051) (3,876) Decommissioning trust contributions and realized change in trust (68,139) (52,204) (37,756) assets Proceeds from settlement of Cajun litigation 102,299 - - Other 1,349 (59,566) (31,509) ---------- ---------- ---------- Net cash flow provided by operating activities 1,724,632 1,528,049 1,503,682 ---------- ---------- ---------- Investing Activities: Construction/capital expenditures (847,223) (571,890) (618,436) Allowance for equity funds used during construction 10,057 9,951 9,629 Nuclear fuel purchases (89,237) (123,929) (207,501) Proceeds from sale/leaseback of nuclear fuel 144,442 109,980 226,607 Acquisition of London Electricity, net of cash acquired (1,951,701) - - Acquisition of CitiPower - (1,156,112) - Acquisition of security companies (87,669) (83,000) - Investment in other nonregulated/nonutility properties 1,322 - (172,814) Proceeds from sale of Hub Power and Transener stock 54,153 26,955 - Proceeds from sale of Independence 2 - 39,398 - Other (17,288) (25,710) (28,982) ---------- ---------- ---------- Net cash flow used in investing activities (2,783,144) (1,774,357) (791,497) ---------- ---------- ----------
ENTERGY CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES STATEMENTS OF CONSOLIDATED CASH FLOWS For the Years Ended December 31, 1997 1996 1995 (In Thousands) Financing Activities Proceeds from the issuance of: General and refunding mortgage bonds 64,827 39,608 109,285 First mortgage bonds 129,564 431,906 - Bank notes and other long-term debt 1,852,891 1,066,858 273,542 Preferred securities of subsidiary trusts and partnership 382,323 125,963 - Common stock 305,379 118,087 - Retirement of: First mortgage bonds (402,692) (821,575) (225,800) General and refunding mortgage bonds (7,622) (56,000) (69,200) Other long-term debt (341,355) (145,110) (221,043) Redemption of preferred stock (124,367) (157,503) (46,564) Changes in short-term borrowings - net 142,025 (24,981) (126,200) Preferred stock dividends paid (51,270) (70,536) (77,969) Common stock dividends paid (438,183) (405,346) (408,553) ---------- ---------- ---------- Net cash flow provided by (used in) financing activities 1,511,520 101,371 (792,502) ---------- ---------- ---------- Effect of exchange rates on cash and cash equivalents (11,164) 50 - ---------- ---------- ---------- Net increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents 441,844 (144,887) (80,317) Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period 388,703 533,590 613,907 ---------- ---------- ---------- Cash and cash equivalents at end of period $830,547 $388,703 $533,590 ========== ========== ========== SUPPLEMENTAL DISCLOSURE OF CASH FLOW INFORMATION: Cash paid during the period for: Interest - net of amount capitalized $858,871 $677,535 $626,531 Income taxes $390,238 $373,247 $285,738 Noncash investing and financing activities: Capital lease obligations incurred - $16,358 - Change in unrealized appreciation of decommissioning trust assets $30,951 $7,803 $16,614 Acquisition of nuclear fuel - $47,695 - Treasury shares issued to acquire Ranger American $21,464 - - Net assets acquired from Cajun settlement $319,056 - - See Notes to Financial Statements.
ENTERGY CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS ASSETS December 31, 1997 1996 (In Thousands) Current Assets: Cash and cash equivalents: Cash $85,067 $34,807 Temporary cash investments - at cost, which approximates market 700,431 346,782 Special deposits 45,049 7,114 ----------- ----------- Total cash and cash equivalents 830,547 388,703 Notes receivable 8,157 1,384 Accounts receivable: Customer (less allowance for doubtful accounts of $31.7 million in 1997 and $9.2 million in 1996) 458,085 324,687 Other 225,523 99,066 Accrued unbilled revenues 580,194 351,429 Deferred fuel 150,596 122,184 Fuel inventory - at average cost 119,331 139,603 Materials and supplies - at average cost 367,870 339,622 Rate deferrals 259,628 444,543 Prepayments and other 171,391 151,312 ----------- ----------- Total 3,171,322 2,362,533 ----------- ----------- Other Property and Investments: Decommissioning trust funds 589,050 357,962 Non-regulated investments 568,951 513,058 Other 225,818 59,053 ----------- ----------- Total 1,383,819 930,073 ----------- ----------- Utility Plant: Electric 25,310,122 22,739,797 Plant acquisition adjustment - Entergy Gulf States 439,160 455,425 Electric plant under leases 674,483 679,991 Property under capital leases - electric 134,278 147,277 Natural gas 169,964 168,143 Steam products 82,289 81,743 Construction work in progress 565,667 401,676 Nuclear fuel under capital leases 269,011 250,651 Nuclear fuel 72,875 112,625 ----------- ----------- Total 27,717,849 25,037,328 Less - accumulated depreciation and amortization 9,585,021 8,866,764 ----------- ----------- Utility plant - net 18,132,828 16,170,564 ----------- ----------- Deferred Debits and Other Assets: Regulatory assets: Rate deferrals 162,602 399,493 SFAS 109 regulatory asset - net 1,174,187 1,196,041 Unamortized loss on reacquired debt 196,891 217,664 Other regulatory assets 466,780 477,942 Long-term receivables 36,984 216,082 CitiPower license (net of amortization of $25.6 million in 1997 and $15.6 million in 1996) 486,153 606,214 London Electricity license (net of $31.1 million of amortization) 1,327,312 - Other 461,822 379,419 ----------- ----------- Total 4,312,731 3,492,855 ----------- ----------- TOTAL $27,000,700 $22,956,025 =========== =========== See Notes to Financial Statements.
ENTERGY CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS LIABILITIES AND SHAREHOLDERS' EQUITY December 31, 1997 1996 (In Thousands) Current Liabilities: Currently maturing long-term debt $390,674 $345,620 Notes payable 428,964 20,686 Accounts payable 915,800 554,558 Customer deposits 178,162 155,534 Taxes accrued 359,996 180,340 Accumulated deferred income taxes 56,524 78,010 Interest accrued 214,763 203,425 Dividends declared 8,166 8,950 Obligations under capital leases 167,700 151,287 Other 81,303 184,157 ----------- ----------- Total 2,802,052 1,882,567 ----------- ----------- Deferred Credits and Other Liabilities: Accumulated deferred income taxes 4,567,052 3,760,491 Accumulated deferred investment tax credits 587,781 607,641 Obligations under capital leases 236,000 247,360 Other 1,857,514 1,298,306 ----------- ----------- Total 7,248,347 5,913,798 ----------- ----------- Long-term debt 9,068,325 7,590,804 Subsidiaries' preferred stock with sinking fund 185,005 216,986 Subsidiary's preference stock 150,000 150,000 Company-obligated mandatorily redeemable preferred securities of subsidiary trusts holding solely junior subordinated deferrable debentures 215,000 130,000 Company-obligated redeemable preferred securities of subsidiary partnership holding solely junior subordinated deferrable debentures 300,000 - Shareholders' Equity: Subsidiaries' preferred stock without sinking fund 338,455 430,955 Common stock, $.01 par value, authorized 500,000,000 shares; issued 246,149,198 shares in 1997 and 234,456,457 shares in 1996 2,461 2,345 Paid-in capital 4,613,572 4,320,591 Retained earnings 2,157,912 2,341,703 Cumulative foreign currency translation adjustment (69,817) 21,725 Less - treasury stock (306,852 shares in 1997 and 1,496,118 shares in 1996) 10,612 45,449 ----------- ----------- Total 7,031,971 7,071,870 ----------- ----------- Commitments and Contingencies (Notes 2, 9, and 10) TOTAL $27,000,700 $22,956,025 =========== =========== See Notes to Financial Statements.
ENTERGY CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES STATEMENTS OF CONSOLIDATED RETAINED EARNINGS AND PAID-IN CAPITAL For the Years Ended December 31, 1997 1996 1995 (In Thousands) Retained Earnings, January 1 $2,341,703 $2,335,579 $2,223,739 Add: Earnings applicable to common stock 247,683 420,027 519,980 Deduct: Dividends declared on common stock 432,268 412,250 409,801 Capital stock and other expenses (794) 1,653 (1,661) ---------- ---------- ---------- Total 431,474 413,903 408,140 ---------- ---------- ---------- Retained Earnings, December 31 $2,157,912 $2,341,703 $2,335,579 ========== ========== ========== Paid-in Capital, January 1 $4,320,591 $4,201,483 $4,202,134 Add: Gain (loss) on reacquisition of subsidiaries' preferred stock 273 1,795 (26) Common stock issuances related to stock plans 292,870 117,560 (3,002) ---------- ---------- ---------- Total 293,143 119,355 (3,028) ---------- ---------- ---------- Deduct: Capital stock discounts and other expenses 162 247 (2,377) ---------- ---------- ---------- Paid-in Capital, December 31 $4,613,572 $4,320,591 $4,201,483 ========== ========== ========== See Notes to Financial Statements.
ENTERGY CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES SELECTED FINANCIAL DATA - FIVE-YEAR COMPARISON 1997 (4) 1996 (3) 1995 1994 1993 (In Thousands, Except Per Share Amounts) Operating revenues $ 9,561,721 $ 7,177,657 $ 6,273,072 $ 5,981,820 $ 4,475,224 Income before cumulative effect of a change in accounting principle $ 300,899 $ 490,563 $ 562,534 $ 423,559 $ 514,648 Earnings per share before cumulative effect of accounting changes Basic $ 1.03 $ 1.83 $ 2.13 $ 1.49 $ 2.62 Diluted $ 1.03 $ 1.83 $ 2.13 $ 1.49 $ 2.62 Dividends declared per share $ 1.80 $ 1.80 $ 1.80 $ 1.80 $ 1.65 Return on average common equity 3.71% 6.41% 8.11% 5.31% 12.58% Book value per share, year-end (2) $ 27.23 $ 28.51 $ 28.41 $ 27.93 $ 28.27 Total assets (2) $27,000,700 $22,956,025 $22,265,930 $ 22,621,874 $22,876,697 Long-term obligations (1)(2) $10,154,330 $ 8,335,150 $ 7,484,248 $ 7,817,366 $ 8,177,882
(1) Includes long-term debt (excluding currently maturing debt), preferred and preference stock with sinking fund, preferred securities of subsidiary trusts and partnership, and noncurrent capital lease obligations. (2) 1993 amounts include the effects of the Merger in accordance with the purchase method of accounting for combinations. (3) 1996 amounts include the effects of the CitiPower acquisition. (4) 1997 amounts include the effects of the London Electricity acquisition as of February 7, 1997 (see Note 13).
1997 1996 1995 1994 1993 Domestic Utility Electric (In Thousands) Operating Revenues: Residential $2,271,363 $2,277,647 $2,177,348 $2,127,820 $1,594,515 Commercial 1,581,878 1,573,251 1,491,818 1,500,462 1,071,070 Industrial 2,018,625 1,987,640 1,810,045 1,834,155 1,197,695 Governmental 171,773 169,287 154,032 159,840 136,471 -------------------------------------------------------------------- Total retail 6,043,639 6,007,825 5,633,243 5,622,277 3,999,751 Sales for resale 359,881 376,011 334,874 293,702 280,505 Other (1) 135,311 67,104 119,901 (123,569) 88,713 -------------------------------------------------------------------- Total $6,538,831 $6,450,940 $6,088,018 $5,792,410 $4,368,969 ==================================================================== Billed Electric Energy Sales (GWH): Residential 28,286 28,303 27,704 26,231 18,946 Commercial 21,671 21,234 20,719 20,050 13,420 Industrial 44,649 44,340 42,260 41,030 24,889 Governmental 2,507 2,449 2,311 2,233 1,887 -------------------------------------------------------------------- Total retail 97,113 96,326 92,994 89,544 59,142 Sales for resale 9,707 10,583 10,471 7,908 8,291 -------------------------------------------------------------------- Total 106,820 106,909 103,465 97,452 67,433 ====================================================================
(1) 1994 includes the effects of the FERC Settlement, the 1994 NOPSI Settlement, and an Entergy Gulf States reserve for rate refund. REPORT OF INDEPENDENT ACCOUNTANTS To the Board of Directors and Shareholders of Entergy Arkansas, Inc. We have audited the accompanying balance sheets of Entergy Arkansas, Inc. (formerly Arkansas Power & Light Company) as of December 31, 1997 and 1996, and the related statements of income, retained earnings and cash flows for each of the three years in the period ended December 31, 1997. These financial statements are the responsibility of the Company's management. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on these financial statements based on our audits. We conducted our audits in accordance with generally accepted auditing standards. Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the financial statements are free of material misstatement. An audit includes examining, on a test basis, evidence supporting the amounts and disclosures in the financial statements. An audit also includes assessing the accounting principles used and significant estimates made by management, as well as evaluating the overall financial statement presentation. We believe that our audits provide a reasonable basis for our opinion. In our opinion, the financial statements referred to above present fairly, in all material respects, the financial position of the Company as of December 31, 1997 and 1996, and the results of its operations and its cash flows for each of the three years in the period ended December 31, 1997 in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles. COOPERS & LYBRAND L.L.P. New Orleans, Louisiana March 4, 1998 ENTERGY ARKANSAS, INC. MANAGEMENT'S FINANCIAL DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS RESULTS OF OPERATIONS Net Income Net income decreased in 1997 primarily due to decreases in electric operating revenues and Grand Gulf 1 carrying charges, partially offset by lower income taxes. Net income decreased in 1996 due primarily to the one-time recording of the cumulative effect of the change in accounting method in 1995 for incremental nuclear refueling outage maintenance costs. Excluding the above mentioned item, net income would have increased $21.1 million in 1996 primarily due to a decrease in other operation and maintenance expenses. Significant factors affecting the results of operations and causing variances between the years 1997 and 1996, and between the years 1996 and 1995, are discussed under "Revenues and Sales", "Expenses", and "Other" below. Revenues and Sales See "SELECTED FINANCIAL DATA - FIVE-YEAR COMPARISON," following the financial statements, for information on operating revenues by source and KWH sales. The changes in electric operating revenues for the twelve months ended December 31, 1997 and 1996 are as follows: Increase/(Decrease) Description 1997 1996 (In Millions) Change in base revenues ($8.1) ($10.1) Rate riders 15.4 (5.3) Fuel cost recovery 10.3 8.0 Sales volume/weather 5.9 19.5 Other revenue (including unbilled) (24.2) (7.1) Sales for resale (27.0) 90.2 ------ ----- Total ($27.7) $95.2 ====== ===== Electric operating revenues decreased in 1997 due primarily to decreases in sales for resale and other revenue, partially offset by an increase in rate rider revenues and higher fuel adjustment revenues, which do not affect net income. The decrease in sales for resale resulted from a decrease in sales to associated companies primarily due to changes in generation requirements and availability among the domestic utility companies. Other revenue (primarily unbilled revenue) decreased primarily as a result of the volume difference in the unbilled beginning of year amount and due to the $10.6 million impact of a rate reduction implemented in 1997 related to the transition to competition filing with the APSC. The increase in rate rider revenues was due to an increase in Grand Gulf 1 rate rider revenues as a result of warmer weather during the second half of the year. Electric operating revenues increased in 1996 due primarily to increased sales for resale and higher sales volume. Sales for resale increased due to an increase in sales to associated companies primarily due to changes in generation requirements and availability among the domestic utility companies. The increase in sales volume resulted from increased customer usage, partially attributable to more severe weather as compared to 1995. ENTERGY ARKANSAS, INC. MANAGEMENT'S FINANCIAL DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS RESULTS OF OPERATIONS Expenses Operating expenses increased in 1997 primarily due to the recognition of additional regulatory liabilities related to the APSC settlement agreement and the write-off of previously deferred radioactive waste facility costs, partially offset by a decrease in fuel and purchased power expenses. The increase in the amortization of rate deferrals is due to an increase in amortization prescribed in the Grand Gulf 1 rate phase-in plan and the Stipulation and Settlement Agreement with the APSC. See Note 2 for further discussion of the APSC agreement. Fuel and purchased power expenses decreased primarily as a result of significantly lower prices. Operating expenses increased in 1996 primarily due to an increase in fuel and purchased power expenses, partially offset by reduced other regulatory charges and decreased other operation and maintenance expenses. The increase in fuel and purchased power expenses is largely due to an increase in generation and purchases related to the increase in sales for resale. The decrease in other operation and maintenance expenses resulted from lower payroll expenses. Payroll expenses decreased as a result of restructuring costs recorded in 1995 and the resulting decrease in employees. Other Miscellaneous other income - net decreased in 1997 and 1996 due to reduced Grand Gulf 1 carrying charges as a result of a decline in the deferral balance which does not impact net income. The effective income tax rates for 1997, 1996, and 1995 were 31.6%, 34.9%, and 34.5%, respectively. The decrease in 1997 is primarily due to the impact of recording the tax benefit of Entergy Corporation's expenses as prescribed by the tax allocation agreement. The effective income tax rate for 1996 was relatively unchanged from 1995.
ENTERGY ARKANSAS, INC. STATEMENTS OF INCOME For the Years Ended December 31, 1997 1996 1995 (In Thousands) Operating Revenues $1,715,714 $1,743,433 $1,648,233 ---------- ---------- ---------- Operating Expenses: Operation and maintenance: Fuel and fuel-related expenses 254,703 257,008 231,619 Purchased power 419,128 432,825 363,199 Nuclear refueling outage expenses 27,969 29,365 31,754 Other operation and maintenance 360,860 358,789 375,059 Depreciation, amortization, and decommissioning 166,652 167,878 162,087 Taxes other than income taxes 36,700 37,688 38,319 Other regulatory charges (credits) 29,686 18,096 60,227 Amortization of rate deferrals 153,141 131,634 114,102 ---------- ---------- ---------- Total 1,448,839 1,433,283 1,376,366 ---------- ---------- ---------- Operating Income 266,875 310,150 271,867 ---------- ---------- ---------- Other Income: Allowance for equity funds used during construction 3,563 3,886 3,567 Miscellaneous - net 18,663 32,591 46,227 ---------- ---------- ---------- Total 22,226 36,477 49,794 ---------- ---------- ---------- Interest Charges: Interest on long-term debt 95,122 98,531 106,853 Other interest - net 3,943 6,257 8,485 Distributions on preferred securities of subsidiary trust 5,100 1,927 - Allowance for borrowed funds used during construction (2,261) (2,330) (2,424) ---------- ---------- ---------- Total 101,904 104,385 112,914 ---------- ---------- ---------- Income Before Income Taxes 187,197 242,242 208,747 Income Taxes 59,220 84,444 72,082 ---------- ---------- ---------- Income before the Cumulative Effect of Accounting Changes 127,977 157,798 136,665 Cumulative Effect of Accounting Changes (net of income taxes) - - 35,415 ---------- ---------- ---------- Net Income 127,977 157,798 172,080 Preferred Stock Dividend Requirements and Other 10,988 16,110 18,093 ---------- ---------- ---------- Earnings Applicable to Common Stock $116,989 $141,688 $153,987 ========== ========== ========== See Notes to Financial Statements.
ENTERGY ARKANSAS, INC. STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS For the Years Ended December 31, 1997 1996 1995 (In Thousands) Operating Activities: Net income $127,977 $157,798 $172,080 Noncash items included in net income: Cumulative effect of a change in accounting principle - - (35,415) Amortization of rate deferrals 153,141 139,701 125,504 Other regulatory charges (credits), net 29,686 18,096 60,227 Depreciation, amortization, and decommissioning 166,652 167,878 162,087 Deferred income taxes and investment tax credits (77,814) (46,026) (33,882) Allowance for equity funds used during construction (3,563) (3,886) (3,567) Changes in working capital: Receivables 9,099 (4,292) (39,209) Fuel inventory 29,150 137 (22,895) Accounts payable (25,451) (1,112) 55,732 Taxes accrued 23,133 14,035 (5,080) Interest accrued 1,201 (2,615) (824) Other working capital accounts (10,220) (7,529) (28,375) Decommissioning trust contributions and realized change in trust assets (24,956) (30,474) (30,568) Provision for estimated losses and reserves 9,594 4,125 2,849 Other 26,111 (29,258) (40,306) ---------- ---------- ---------- Net cash flow provided by operating activities 433,740 376,578 338,358 ---------- ---------- ---------- Investing Activities: Construction expenditures (140,913) (145,529) (165,071) Allowance for equity funds used during construction 3,563 3,886 3,567 Nuclear fuel purchases (59,104) (26,084) (41,219) Proceeds from sale/leaseback of nuclear fuel 59,065 25,451 41,832 ---------- ---------- ---------- Net cash flow used in investing activities (137,389) (142,276) (160,891) ---------- ---------- ---------- Financing Activities: Proceeds from issuance of: First mortgage bonds 84,064 84,256 - Other long-term debt 45,500 - 118,662 Preferred securities of subsidiary trust - 58,168 - Retirement of: First mortgage bonds (117,587) (112,807) (25,800) Other long-term debt - (1,700) (124,025) Redemption of preferred stock (9,000) (69,624) (9,500) Changes in short-term borrowings - net - - (34,000) Dividends paid: Common stock (128,600) (142,800) (153,400) Preferred stock (11,194) (17,736) (18,362) ---------- ---------- ---------- Net cash flow used in financing activities (136,817) (202,243) (246,425) ---------- ---------- ---------- Net increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents 159,534 32,059 (68,958) Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period 43,857 11,798 80,756 ---------- ---------- ---------- Cash and cash equivalents at end of period $203,391 $43,857 $11,798 ========== ========== ========== SUPPLEMENTAL DISCLOSURE OF CASH FLOW INFORMATION: Cash paid during the period for: Interest - net of amount capitalized $101,839 $94,662 $102,851 Income taxes $111,394 $110,211 $113,080 Noncash investing and financing activities: Capital lease obligations incurred - $16,358 - Acquisition of nuclear fuel - $27,500 - Change in unrealized appreciation of decommissioning trust assets $22,343 $5,968 $9,128 See Notes to Financial Statements.
ENTERGY ARKANSAS, INC. BALANCE SHEETS ASSETS December 31, 1997 1996 (In Thousands) Current Assets: Cash and cash equivalents: Cash $6,076 $5,117 Temporary cash investments - at cost, which approximates market: Associated companies 41,389 17,462 Other 110,877 21,278 Special deposits 45,049 - ----------- ----------- Total cash and cash equivalents 203,391 43,857 Accounts receivable: Customer (less allowance for doubtful accounts of $1.8 million in 1997 and $2.3 million in 1996) 71,910 71,144 Associated companies 46,166 45,303 Other 10,282 5,862 Accrued unbilled revenues 89,616 104,764 Fuel inventory - at average cost 28,169 57,319 Materials and supplies - at average cost 79,692 72,976 Rate deferrals 75,249 153,141 Deferred nuclear refueling outage costs 24,335 24,534 Prepayments and other 8,647 16,496 ----------- ----------- Total 637,457 595,396 ----------- ----------- Other Property and Investments: Investment in subsidiary companies - at equity 11,213 11,211 Decommissioning trust fund 250,573 203,274 Other - at cost (less accumulated depreciation) 4,939 5,058 ----------- ----------- Total 266,725 219,543 ----------- ----------- Utility Plant: Electric 4,650,065 4,578,728 Property under capital leases 53,843 57,869 Construction work in progress 123,087 83,524 Nuclear fuel under capital lease 92,621 79,103 Nuclear fuel - 27,500 ----------- ----------- Total 4,919,616 4,826,724 Less - accumulated depreciation and amortization 2,116,826 1,976,204 ----------- ----------- Utility plant - net 2,802,790 2,850,520 ----------- ----------- Deferred Debits and Other Assets: Regulatory assets: Rate deferrals - 75,249 SFAS 109 regulatory asset - net 252,712 244,767 Unamortized loss on reacquired debt 53,780 56,664 Other regulatory assets 79,461 80,257 Other 13,952 31,421 ----------- ----------- Total 399,905 488,358 ----------- ----------- TOTAL $4,106,877 $4,153,817 =========== =========== See Notes to Financial Statements.
ENTERGY ARKANSAS, INC. BALANCE SHEETS LIABILITIES AND SHAREHOLDER'S EQUITY December 31, 1997 1996 (In Thousands) Current Liabilities: Currently maturing long-term debt $60,650 $32,465 Notes payable 667 667 Accounts payable: Associated companies 59,438 91,205 Other 76,405 97,589 Customer deposits 23,437 21,800 Taxes accrued 77,327 54,194 Accumulated deferred income taxes 32,239 70,506 Interest accrued 28,826 27,625 Co-owner advances 7,666 33,873 Deferred fuel cost 16,244 6,955 Obligations under capital leases 62,623 53,012 Other 21,696 17,967 ----------- ----------- Total 467,218 507,858 ----------- ----------- Deferred Credits and Other Liabilities: Accumulated deferred income taxes 759,489 785,994 Accumulated deferred investment tax credits 103,899 108,307 Obligations under capital leases 83,841 83,940 Other 169,884 113,998 ----------- ----------- Total 1,117,113 1,092,239 ----------- ----------- Long-term debt 1,244,860 1,255,388 Preferred stock with sinking fund 31,027 40,027 Company-obligated mandatorily redeemable preferred securities of subsidiary trust holding solely junior subordinated deferrable debentures 60,000 60,000 Shareholder's Equity: Preferred stock without sinking fund 116,350 116,350 Common stock, $0.01 par value, authorized 325,000,000 shares; issued and outstanding 46,980,196 shares 470 470 Additional Paid-in capital 590,134 590,169 Retained earnings 479,705 491,316 ----------- ----------- Total 1,186,659 1,198,305 ----------- ----------- Commitments and Contingencies (Notes 2, 9 and 10) TOTAL $4,106,877 $4,153,817 =========== =========== See Notes to Financial Statements.
ENTERGY ARKANSAS, INC. STATEMENTS OF RETAINED EARNINGS For the Years Ended December 31, 1997 1996 1995 (In Thousands) Retained Earnings, January 1 $491,316 $492,386 $491,799 Add: Net income 127,977 157,798 172,080 Increase in investment in subsidiary - 42 - -------- -------- -------- Total 127,977 157,840 172,080 -------- -------- -------- Deduct: Dividends declared: Preferred stock 10,988 16,110 18,093 Common stock 128,600 142,800 153,400 -------- -------- -------- Total 139,588 158,910 171,493 -------- -------- -------- Retained Earnings, December 31 (Note 8) $479,705 $491,316 $492,386 ======== ======== ======== See Notes to Financial Statements.
ENTERGY ARKANSAS, INC. SELECTED FINANCIAL DATA - FIVE-YEAR COMPARISON 1997 1996 1995 1994 1993 (In Thousands) Operating revenues $1,715,714 $1,743,433 $1,648,233 $1,590,742 $1,591,568 Income before cumulative effect of accounting changes $ 127,977 $ 157,798 $ 136,665 $ 142,263 $ 155,110 Total assets $4,106,877 $4,153,817 $4,204,415 $4,292,215 $4,334,105 Long-term obligations (1) $1,419,728 $1,439,355 $1,423,804 $1,446,940 $1,478,203
(1) Includes long-term debt (excluding currently maturing debt), preferred stock with sinking fund, preferred securities of subsidiary trust, and noncurrent capital lease obligations.
1997 1996 1995 1994 1993 (In Thousands) Electric Operating Revenues: Residential $551,821 $546,100 $542,862 $506,160 $528,734 Commercial 332,715 323,328 318,475 307,296 306,742 Industrial 372,083 364,943 362,854 338,988 336,856 Governmental 18,200 16,989 17,084 16,698 16,670 -------------------------------------------------------------------- Total retail 1,274,819 1,251,360 1,241,275 1,169,142 1,189,002 Sales for resale Associated companies 213,845 248,211 178,885 212,314 175,784 Non-associated companies 215,249 207,887 195,844 182,920 203,696 Other 11,801 35,975 32,229 26,366 23,086 -------------------------------------------------------------------- Total $1,715,714 $1,743,433 $1,648,233 $1,590,742 $1,591,568 ==================================================================== Billed Electric Energy Sales (GWH): Residential 5,988 6,023 5,868 5,522 5,680 Commercial 4,445 4,390 4,267 4,147 4,067 Industrial 6,647 6,487 6,314 5,941 5,690 Governmental 239 234 243 231 230 -------------------------------------------------------------------- Total retail 17,319 17,134 16,692 15,841 15,667 Sales for resale Associated companies 9,557 10,471 8,386 10,591 8,307 Non-associated companies 6,828 6,720 5,066 4,906 5,643 -------------------------------------------------------------------- Total 33,704 34,325 30,144 31,338 29,617 ====================================================================
REPORT OF INDEPENDENT ACCOUNTANTS To the Board of Directors and Shareholders of Entergy Gulf States, Inc. We have audited the accompanying balance sheets of Entergy Gulf States, Inc. (formerly Gulf States Utilities Company) as of December 31, 1997 and 1996, and the related statements of income (loss), retained earnings and cash flows for each of the three years in the period ended December 31, 1997. These financial statements are the responsibility of the Company's management. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on these financial statements based on our audits. We conducted our audits in accordance with generally accepted auditing standards. Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the financial statements are free of material misstatement. An audit includes examining, on a test basis, evidence supporting the amounts and disclosures in the financial statements. An audit also includes assessing the accounting principles used and significant estimates made by management, as well as evaluating the overall financial statement presentation. We believe that our audits provide a reasonable basis for our opinion. In our opinion, the financial statements referred to above present fairly, in all material respects, the financial position of the Company as of December 31, 1997 and 1996, and the results of its operations and its cash flows for each of the three years in the period ended December 31, 1997 in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles. As discussed in Note 1 to the consolidated financial statements, at January 1, 1996 the Company adopted Statement of Financial Accounting Standards No. 121, "Accounting for the Impairment of Long-Lived Assets and for Long-Lived Assets to Be Disposed Of". COOPERS & LYBRAND L.L.P. New Orleans, Louisiana March 4, 1998 ENTERGY GULF STATES, INC. MANAGEMENT'S FINANCIAL DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS RESULTS OF OPERATIONS Net Income Net income increased in 1997 due to (i) the $146 million net of tax receipt of funds and property resulting from the settlement of the Cajun litigation, and (ii) the 1996 net of tax write-off of $174 million of River Bend rate deferrals required by the adoption of SFAS 121. These increases were partially offset by (i) the 1997 $227 million net of tax reserve for regulatory adjustments; (ii) the 1997 net of tax write-off of $7.4 million of previously deferred radioactive waste facility costs; and (iii) the 1996 reversal of the Cajun-River Bend litigation accrual. Excluding the effects of the settlement of the Cajun litigation, the 1997 and 1996 write-offs, the reserve for regulatory adjustments, and the accrual reversal, net income for 1997 would have increased approximately $11 million due to an increase in electric operating revenues. Net income decreased in 1996 primarily due to the write-off of rate deferrals, offset by the reversal of the Cajun-River Bend litigation accrual as discussed above. Excluding the River Bend rate deferrals and the Cajun-River Bend litigation accrual, net income for 1996 would have increased slightly due to an increase in electric operating revenues and a decrease in other operation and maintenance expenses. Significant factors affecting the results of operations and causing variances between the years 1997 and 1996, and between the years 1996 and 1995, are discussed under "Revenues and Sales", "Expenses", and "Other" below. Revenues and Sales See "SELECTED FINANCIAL DATA - FIVE-YEAR COMPARISON", following the financial statements, for information on operating revenues by source and KWH sales. The changes in electric operating revenues for the twelve months ended December 31, 1997 and 1996 are as follows: Increase/(Decrease) Description 1997 1996 (In Millions) Change in base revenues ($103.8) ($60.3) Fuel cost recovery 66.8 152.0 Sales volume/weather 46.2 65.1 Other revenue (including unbilled) 151.1 12.8 Sales for resale (24.8) (32.6) ------ ------ Total $135.5 $137.0 ====== ====== Electric operating revenues increased in 1997 as a result of increased other revenue, increased fuel adjustment revenues, which do not affect net income, and increased sales volume. These increases were partially offset by a decrease in base revenues and sales for resale. Other revenue increased due to the gain on the Cajun Settlement for Cajun's 30% of property associated with River Bend. Fuel adjustment revenues increased due to a PUCT order that approved recovery of under-recovered fuel expenses. Sales volume increased primarily due to an increase in sales to industrial customers, in particular, certain cogeneration customers who purchased electricity from Entergy Gulf States for less than their production cost. Base revenues decreased in 1997 due to the reserve for regulatory adjustments, the provision for rate reductions implemented for Louisiana retail customers in November 1996 and February 1997, aggressive pricing strategies for targeted customer segments, and a change in the ENTERGY GULF STATES, INC. MANAGEMENT'S FINANCIAL DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS RESULTS OF OPERATIONS sales mix from residential customers to industrial customers. Sales for resale decreased due to decreased sales to both associated and non-associated companies. During the fourth quarter of 1997, Entergy Gulf States established reserves for potential regulatory adjustments based on management's estimates of the financial effect of potential adverse rulings in connection with the River Bend plant-related costs and pending rate proceedings in Texas. See Note 2 for further discussion of the PUCT order related to under-recovered fuel expenses, the River Bend plant-related costs, and other pending rate proceedings. Gas operating revenues increased in 1997 due to an increase in the fuel factor granted by the LPSC. This increase permits recovery of previously deferred gas costs. The increase in gas operating revenues was offset by a decrease in steam operating revenues due to a change in a customer contract in 1997 and an increase in customer requirements in 1996. Electric operating revenues increased in 1996 primarily due to increased fuel adjustment revenues, which do not affect net income, increased customers, and increased customer usage. These increases were partially offset by rate reductions in effect for both Texas and Louisiana retail customers and increased base revenues for 1995. Base revenues also increased in 1995 as a result of rate refund reserves established in 1994, which were subsequently reduced as a result of an amended PUCT order. Sales for resale to associated companies decreased as a result of changes in generation availability and requirements among the domestic utility companies. Gas operating revenues and steam operating revenues increased for 1996 primarily due to higher fuel prices and increased usage. Expenses Operating expenses increased slightly in 1997 due to increases in fuel and purchased power expenses and in the amortization of rate deferrals, partially offset by decreased other operation and maintenance expenses resulting from the Cajun settlement. Fuel and purchased power expenses increased due to increased gas usage and increased energy requirements resulting from higher sales volume. Amortization of rate deferrals increased based on the LPSC-approved River Bend phase-in plan. See Note 2 for further discussion. The decrease in other operation and maintenance expenses was partially offset by the write-off of radioactive waste facility costs. Operating expenses increased in 1996 as a result of higher fuel expenses, including purchased power, partially offset by lower other operation and maintenance expenses. Fuel and purchase power expenses, taken together, increased because of higher gas prices and increased energy requirements resulting from higher sales volume. Other operation and maintenance expenses decreased primarily due to lower payroll-related expenses associated with restructuring programs accrued for in 1995. Other Other income decreased in 1997 due to the reserve for other regulatory adjustments, partially offset by the 1997 settlement of the Cajun litigation and the 1996 write-off of River Bend rate deferrals. Interest expense decreased in 1997 due to the retirement of long-term debt. Other income decreased in 1996 due to the write-off of River Bend rate deferrals pursuant to the adoption of SFAS 121. See Note 2 for further discussion. This decrease was partially offset by the Cajun-River Bend litigation accrual reversal. The effective income tax rates for 1997, 1996, and 1995 were 27.2%, 104.0%, and 35.3%, respectively. The decrease in the effective income tax rate in 1997 is due to a decrease in regulatory operating reserves which receive flow through treatment in 1997 and the $194.5 million River Bend SFAS 121 write-off in 1996. The change in effective income tax rates in 1996 is primarily due to the River Bend SFAS 121 write-off of $194.5 million in January 1996.
ENTERGY GULF STATES, INC. STATEMENTS OF INCOME (LOSS) For the Years Ended December 31, 1997 1996 1995 (In Thousands) Operating Revenues: Electric $2,061,511 $1,925,988 $1,788,964 Natural gas 42,654 34,050 23,715 Steam products 43,664 59,143 49,295 ---------- ---------- ---------- Total 2,147,829 2,019,181 1,861,974 ---------- ---------- ---------- Operating Expenses: Operation and maintenance: Fuel, fuel-related expenses, and gas purchased for resale 560,104 520,065 516,812 Purchased power 327,037 295,960 169,767 Nuclear refueling outage expenses 10,829 8,660 10,607 Other operation and maintenance 316,253 402,719 432,647 Depreciation, amortization, and decommissioning 214,644 206,070 202,224 Taxes other than income taxes 109,572 102,170 102,228 Other regulatory charges (credits) (26,611) (25,317) (24,359) Amortization of rate deferrals 105,455 96,956 90,384 ---------- ---------- ---------- Total 1,617,283 1,607,283 1,500,310 ---------- ---------- ---------- Operating Income 530,546 411,898 361,664 ---------- ---------- ---------- Other Income (Deductions): Allowance for equity funds used during construction 2,211 2,618 1,125 Write-off of River Bend rate deferrals - (194,498) - Miscellaneous - net (272,135) 69,841 22,573 ---------- ---------- ---------- Total (269,924) (122,039) 23,698 ---------- ---------- ---------- Interest Charges: Interest on long-term debt 163,146 181,071 191,341 Other interest - net 10,026 12,819 8,884 Distributions on preferred securities of subsidiary trust 6,901 - - Allowance for borrowed funds used during construction (1,829) (2,235) (1,026) ---------- ---------- ---------- Total 178,244 191,655 199,199 ---------- ---------- ---------- Income Before Income Taxes 82,378 98,204 186,163 Income Taxes 22,402 102,091 63,244 ---------- ---------- ---------- Net Income (Loss) 59,976 (3,887) 122,919 Preferred and Preference Stock Dividend Requirements and Other 23,865 28,505 29,643 ---------- ---------- ---------- Earnings (Loss) Applicable to Common Stock $36,111 ($32,392) $93,276 ========== ========== ========== See Notes to Financial Statements.
ENTERGY GULF STATES, INC. STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS For the Years Ended December 31, 1997 1996 1995 (In Thousands) Operating Activities: Net income (loss) $59,976 ($3,887) $122,919 Noncash items included in net income (loss): Write-off of River Bend rate deferrals - 194,498 - Gain on Cajun Settlement (246,022) - - Reserve for regulatory adjustments 381,285 - - Amortization of rate deferrals 105,455 96,956 90,384 Other regulatory charges (credits) (26,611) (25,317) (24,359) Depreciation, amortization, and decommissioning 214,644 206,070 202,224 Deferred income taxes and investment tax credits (52,486) 101,380 63,231 Allowance for equity funds used during construction (2,211) (2,618) (1,125) Changes in working capital: Receivables (19,679) 3,691 40,193 Fuel inventory 7,382 (12,868) (6,357) Accounts payable 16,999 (26,706) (4,820) Taxes accrued 12,171 (1,266) 24,935 Interest accrued (4,497) (7,186) 1,510 Reserve for rate refund - - (56,972) Deferred fuel (46,254) (68,349) (24,840) Other working capital accounts (11,765) (70,775) (16,079) Decommissioning trust contributions and realized change in trust assets (9,540) (7,436) (9,513) Provision for estimated losses and reserves (5,852) (1,885) 10,119 Proceeds from settlement of Cajun litigation 102,299 - - Other (8,970) (51,947) (10,696) ---------- ---------- ---------- Net cash flow provided by operating activities 466,324 322,355 400,754 ---------- ---------- ---------- Investing Activities: Construction expenditures (132,566) (154,993) (185,944) Allowance for equity funds used during construction 2,211 2,618 1,125 Nuclear fuel purchases (25,522) (25,124) (1,425) Proceeds from sale/leaseback of nuclear fuel 25,522 26,523 542 ---------- ---------- ---------- Net cash flow used in investing activities (130,355) (150,976) (185,702) ---------- ---------- ---------- Financing Activities: Proceeds from the issuance of: Long-term debt - 780 2,277 Preferred securities of subsidiary trust 82,323 - - Retirement of: First mortgage bonds (132,240) (195,417) - Other long-term debt (50,865) (50,425) (50,425) Redemption of preferred and preference stock (93,367) (10,179) (7,283) Dividends paid: Common stock (77,200) - - Preferred and preference stock (21,862) (28,336) (29,661) ---------- ---------- ---------- Net cash flow used in financing activities (293,211) (283,577) (85,092) ---------- ---------- ---------- Net increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents 42,758 (112,198) 129,960 Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period 122,406 234,604 104,644 ---------- ---------- ---------- Cash and cash equivalents at end of period $165,164 $122,406 $234,604 ========== ========== ========== SUPPLEMENTAL DISCLOSURE OF CASH FLOW INFORMATION: Cash paid during the period for: Interest - net of amount capitalized $167,642 $189,962 $187,918 Income taxes $50,477 $285 $208 Noncash investing and financing activities: Change in unrealized appreciation of decommissioning trust assets $3,939 $1,604 $2,121 Net assets acquired from Cajun settlement $319,056 - - See Notes to Financial Statements.
ENTERGY GULF STATES, INC. BALANCE SHEETS ASSETS December 31, 1997 1996 (In Thousands) Current Assets: Cash and cash equivalents: Cash $10,549 $6,573 Temporary cash investments - at cost, which approximates market: Associated companies 37,389 45,234 Other 117,226 70,599 ---------- ---------- Total cash and cash equivalents 165,164 122,406 Accounts receivable: Customer (less allowance for doubtful accounts of $1.8 million in 1997 and $2.0 million in 1996) 99,762 87,883 Associated companies 9,024 2,777 Other 32,837 30,758 Accrued unbilled revenues 74,825 75,351 Deferred fuel costs 145,757 99,503 Accumulated deferred income taxes 22,093 56,714 Fuel inventory - at average cost 37,627 45,009 Materials and supplies - at average cost 104,690 86,157 Rate deferrals 21,749 105,456 Prepayments and other 21,680 16,321 ---------- ---------- Total 735,208 728,335 ---------- ---------- Other Property and Investments: Decommissioning trust fund 187,462 41,983 Other - at cost (less accumulated depreciation) 176,953 38,358 ---------- ---------- Total 364,415 80,341 ---------- ---------- Utility Plant: Electric 7,168,668 7,040,654 Natural Gas 47,656 45,443 Steam products 82,289 81,743 Property under capital leases 67,946 72,800 Construction work in progress 90,333 112,137 Nuclear fuel under capital lease 54,390 49,833 Nuclear fuel 23,051 - ---------- ---------- Total 7,534,333 7,402,610 Less - accumulated depreciation and amortization 2,996,147 2,827,275 ---------- ---------- Utility plant - net 4,538,186 4,575,335 ---------- ---------- Deferred Debits and Other Assets: Regulatory assets: Rate deferrals 98,410 120,158 SFAS 109 regulatory asset - net 376,275 372,817 Unamortized loss on reacquired debt 48,417 54,761 Other regulatory assets 86,819 87,429 Long-term receivables 36,984 216,082 Other 203,923 185,921 ---------- ---------- Total 850,828 1,037,168 ---------- ---------- TOTAL $6,488,637 $6,421,179 ========== ========== See Notes to Financial Statements.
ENTERGY GULF STATES, INC. BALANCE SHEETS LIABILITIES AND SHAREHOLDER'S EQUITY December 31, 1997 1996 (In Thousands) Current Liabilities: Currently maturing long-term debt $190,890 $160,865 Accounts payable: Associated companies 48,726 55,630 Other 109,444 85,541 Customer deposits 30,311 25,572 Taxes accrued 48,318 36,147 Interest accrued 45,154 49,651 Nuclear refueling reserve 3,386 12,354 Obligations under capital leases 30,280 39,110 Other 17,646 18,186 ---------- ---------- Total 524,155 483,056 ---------- ---------- Deferred Credits and Other Liabilities: Accumulated deferred income taxes 1,124,644 1,190,666 Accumulated deferred investment tax credits 215,438 219,188 Obligations under capital leases 92,055 83,524 Deferred River Bend finance charges 9,330 33,688 Other 914,079 539,752 ---------- ---------- Total 2,355,546 2,066,818 ---------- ---------- Long-term debt 1,702,719 1,915,346 Preferred stock with sinking fund 68,978 77,459 Preference stock 150,000 150,000 Company - obligated mandatorily redeemable preferred securities of subsidiary trust holding solely junior subordinated deferrable debentures 85,000 - Shareholder's Equity: Preferred stock without sinking fund 51,444 136,444 Common stock, no par value, authorized 200,000,000 shares; issued and outstanding 100 shares 114,055 114,055 Additional paid-in capital 1,152,575 1,152,689 Retained earnings 284,165 325,312 ---------- ---------- Total 1,602,239 1,728,500 ---------- ---------- Commitments and Contingencies (Notes 2, 9 and 10) TOTAL $6,488,637 $6,421,179 ========== ========== See Notes to Financial Statements.
ENTERGY GULF STATES, INC. STATEMENTS OF RETAINED EARNINGS For the Years Ended December 31, 1997 1996 1995 (In Thousands) Retained Earnings, January 1 $325,312 $357,704 $264,626 Add: Net income (loss) 59,976 (3,887) 122,919 Deduct: Dividends declared: Preferred and preference stock 21,862 28,336 29,482 Common stock 77,200 - - Preferred and preference stock redemption and other 2,061 169 359 -------- -------- -------- Total 101,123 28,505 29,841 -------- -------- -------- Retained Earnings, December 31 (Note 8) $284,165 $325,312 $357,704 ======== ======== ======== See Notes to Financial Statements.
ENTERGY GULF STATES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES SELECTED FINANCIAL DATA - FIVE-YEAR COMPARISON 1997 1996 1995 1994 1993 (In Thousands) Operating revenues $2,147,829 $2,019,181 $ 1,861,974 $1,797,365 $1,827,620 Net income (loss) $ 59,976 $ (3,887) $ 122,919 $ (82,755) $ 69,461 Total assets $6,488,637 $6,421,179 $ 6,861,058 $6,843,461 $7,137,351 Long-term obligations (1) $2,098,752 $2,226,329 $ 2,521,203 $2,689,042 $2,772,002
(1) Includes long-term debt (excluding currently maturing debt), preferred and preference stock with sinking fund, preferred securities of subsidiary trust, and noncurrent capital lease obligations.
1997 1996 1995 1994 1993 (In Thousands) Electric Operating Revenues: Residential $624,862 $612,398 $573,566 $569,997 $585,799 Commercial 452,724 444,133 412,601 414,929 415,267 Industrial 740,418 685,178 604,688 626,047 650,230 Governmental 33,774 31,023 25,042 25,242 26,118 ---------------------------------------------------------------- Total retail 1,851,778 1,772,732 1,615,897 1,636,215 1,677,414 Sales for resale Associated companies 14,260 20,783 62,431 45,263 - Non-associated companies 57,936 76,173 67,103 52,967 31,898 Other (1) 137,537 56,300 43,533 (15,244) 38,649 ---------------------------------------------------------------- Total $2,061,511 $1,925,988 $1,788,964 $1,719,201 $1,747,961 ================================================================ Billed Electric Energy Sales (GWH): Residential 8,178 8,035 7,699 7,351 7,192 Commercial 6,575 6,417 6,219 6,089 5,711 Industrial 18,038 16,661 15,393 15,026 14,294 Governmental 481 438 311 297 296 ---------------------------------------------------------------- Total retail 33,272 31,551 29,622 28,763 27,493 Sales for resale Associated companies 414 656 2,935 1,866 - Non-associated companies 1,503 2,148 2,212 1,650 666 ---------------------------------------------------------------- Total Electric Department 35,189 34,355 34,769 32,279 28,159 ================================================================ (1) 1994 includes the effects of an Entergy Gulf States reserve for rate refund.
REPORT OF INDEPENDENT ACCOUNTANTS To the Board of Directors and Shareholders of Entergy Louisiana, Inc. We have audited the accompanying balance sheets of Entergy Louisiana, Inc. (formerly Louisiana Power & Light Company) as of December 31, 1997 and 1996, and the related statements of income, retained earnings and cash flows for each of the three years in the period ended December 31, 1997. These financial statements are the responsibility of the Company's management. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on these financial statements based on our audits. We conducted our audits in accordance with generally accepted auditing standards. Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the financial statements are free of material misstatement. An audit includes examining, on a test basis, evidence supporting the amounts and disclosures in the financial statements. An audit also includes assessing the accounting principles used and significant estimates made by management, as well as evaluating the overall financial statement presentation. We believe that our audits provide a reasonable basis for our opinion. In our opinion, the financial statements referred to above present fairly, in all material respects, the financial position of the Company as of December 31, 1997 and 1996, and the results of its operations and its cash flows for each of the three years in the period ended December 31, 1997 in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles. COOPERS & LYBRAND L.L.P. New Orleans, Louisiana March 4, 1998 ENTERGY LOUISIANA, INC. MANAGEMENT'S FINANCIAL DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS RESULTS OF OPERATIONS Net Income Net income decreased in 1997 primarily due to a decrease in electric operating revenues and an increase in other operation and maintenance expenses, partially offset by lower income taxes. Net income decreased in 1996 primarily due to a decrease in base rate revenues, partially offset by decreases in other operation and maintenance expenses and lower interest charges. Significant factors affecting the results of operations and causing variances between the years 1997 and 1996, and between the years 1996 and 1995, are discussed under "Revenues and Sales", "Expenses", and "Other" below. Revenues and Sales See "SELECTED FINANCIAL DATA - FIVE-YEAR COMPARISON", following the financial statements, for information on operating revenues by source and KWH sales. The changes in electric operating revenues for the twelve months ended December 31, 1997 and 1996 are as follows: Increase/(Decrease) Description 1997 1996 (In Millions) Change in base revenues ($26.9) ($36.4) Fuel cost recovery 29.7 160.2 Sales volume/weather (23.8) 19.7 Other revenue (including unbilled) - 3.9 Sales for resale (4.6) 6.6 ------ ------ Total ($25.6) $154.0 ====== ====== Electric operating revenues decreased in 1997 primarily as a result of a decrease in base revenues and lower sales volume, partially offset by higher fuel adjustment revenues, which do not affect net income. Base revenues decreased due to base rate reductions that became effective in the third quarters of 1996 and 1997. Sales volume decreased because of milder weather during the first half of 1997 and the loss of a large industrial customer as well as substantially lower sales to another large industrial customer in 1997 due to customer cogeneration. Fuel adjustment revenues increased due to shifting generation requirements as a result of the extended Waterford 3 refueling outage. Electric operating revenues increased in 1996 due primarily to higher fuel adjustment revenues, which do not affect net income, and to higher sales volume, primarily due to modest growth in the number of customers. These increases were partially offset by the impact of base rate reductions ordered in the second quarters of 1995 and 1996, and by a settlement of related rate issues during the fourth quarter of 1995. ENTERGY LOUISIANA, INC. MANAGEMENT'S FINANCIAL DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS RESULTS OF OPERATIONS Expenses Operating expenses increased in 1997 primarily due to increases in fuel and purchased power expenses and other operation and maintenance expenses. Fuel and purchased power expenses increased primarily due to shifting generation requirements resulting from the extended refueling outage at the Waterford 3 nuclear plant, partially offset by lower fuel prices. Other operation and maintenance expenses increased due primarily to the write-off of previously deferred radioactive waste facility costs. Also contributing to the increase in other operation and maintenance expenses were nonfueling outage related contract work at Waterford 3 as well as maintenance performed at Waterford 3 and expenses related to fire damage sustained at the Little Gypsy fossil plant in September 1997. Operating expenses increased in 1996 primarily due to increases in fuel and purchased power expenses, higher depreciation, and higher taxes other than income taxes. These increases were partially offset by a decrease in other operation and maintenance expenses as a result of restructuring charges recorded in 1995 and by the recording of rate deferrals in 1996, as discussed below. The increase in fuel and purchased power expenses is due to both higher gas costs and higher sales volume. Depreciation expense increased due to capital improvements to transmission lines and substations and due to an increase in the depreciation rate associated with Waterford 3. Taxes other than income taxes increased largely as a result of the expiration of Waterford 3's local property tax exemption in December 1995. This increase was offset for the first six months of 1996 by the recording of the LPSC-approved rate deferral for these taxes as discussed in Note 2. Other Interest charges on long-term debt decreased for 1996 and 1997 due to the retirement and refinancing of higher-cost long-term debt. The effective income tax rates for 1997, 1996, and 1995 were 41.1%, 38.3%, and 36.8%, respectively. The increase in 1997 is primarily due to decreased amortization of deferred income taxes on property fully depreciated for income tax purposes. The effective income tax rate for 1996 was relatively unchanged from 1995.
ENTERGY LOUISIANA, INC. STATEMENTS OF INCOME For the Years Ended December 31, 1997 1996 1995 (In Thousands) Operating Revenues $1,803,272 $1,828,867 $1,674,875 ---------- ---------- ---------- Operating Expenses: Operation and maintenance: Fuel and fuel-related expenses 429,823 419,331 300,015 Purchased power 413,532 403,322 351,583 Nuclear refueling outage expenses 18,634 15,885 17,675 Other operation and maintenance 318,856 297,667 311,535 Depreciation, amortization, and decommissioning 172,035 167,779 161,023 Taxes other than income taxes 71,558 72,329 55,867 Other regulatory charges (credits) 5,505 (3,752) - Amortization of rate deferrals 5,749 19,860 28,422 ---------- ---------- ---------- Total 1,435,692 1,392,421 1,226,120 ---------- ---------- ---------- Operating Income 367,580 436,446 448,755 ---------- ---------- ---------- Other Income (Deductions): Allowance for equity funds used during construction 1,149 862 1,950 Miscellaneous - net (517) 2,933 2,831 ---------- ---------- ---------- Total 632 3,795 4,781 ---------- ---------- ---------- Interest Charges: Interest on long-term debt 116,715 122,604 129,691 Other interest - net 5,885 6,938 7,210 Distributions on preferred securities of subsidiary trust 6,300 2,870 - Allowance for borrowed funds used during construction (1,410) (1,493) (2,016) ---------- ---------- ---------- Total 127,490 130,919 134,885 ---------- ---------- ---------- Income Before Income Taxes 240,722 309,322 318,651 Income Taxes 98,965 118,560 117,114 ---------- ---------- ---------- Net Income 141,757 190,762 201,537 Preferred Stock Dividend Requirements and Other 13,355 19,947 21,307 ---------- ---------- ---------- Earnings Applicable to Common Stock $128,402 $170,815 $180,230 ========== ========== ========== See Notes to Financial Statements.
ENTERGY LOUISIANA, INC. STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS For the Years Ended December 31, 1997 1996 1995 (In Thousands) Operating Activities: Net income $141,757 $190,762 $201,537 Noncash items included in net income: Amortization of rate deferrals 5,749 19,860 28,422 Other regulatory charges (credits) 5,505 (3,752) - Depreciation, amortization, and decommissioning 172,035 167,779 161,023 Deferred income taxes and investment tax credits (15,456) 18,809 2,450 Allowance for equity funds used during construction (1,149) (862) (1,950) Changes in working capital: Receivables 2,445 (4,889) (8,069) Accounts payable 9,140 22,838 4,420 Taxes accrued 17,853 (11,222) 20,472 Interest accrued (14,678) 5,047 1,215 Other working capital accounts 19,329 (26,831) (16,993) Decommissioning trust contributions and realized change in trust assets (11,191) (11,620) (9,180) Provision for estimated losses and reserves 3,986 3,240 (1,996) Other 5,801 (17,488) 3,306 ---------- ---------- ---------- Net cash flow provided by operating activities 341,126 351,671 384,657 ---------- ---------- ---------- Investing Activities: Construction expenditures (84,767) (103,187) (120,244) Allowance for equity funds used during construction 1,149 862 1,950 Nuclear fuel purchases (43,332) - (44,707) Proceeds from sale/leaseback of nuclear fuel 43,332 - 47,293 ---------- ---------- ---------- Net cash flow used in investing activities (83,618) (102,325) (115,708) ---------- ---------- ---------- Financing Activities: Proceeds from the issuance of: First mortgage bonds - 113,994 - Other long-term debt - - 16,577 Preferred securities of subsidiary trust - 67,795 - Retirement of: First mortgage bonds (34,000) (130,000) (75,000) Other long-term debt (288) (270) (308) Redemption of preferred stock (7,500) (67,824) (11,256) Changes in short-term borrowings - net (31,066) (45,393) 49,305 Dividends paid: Common stock (145,400) (179,200) (221,500) Preferred stock (13,251) (19,072) (21,115) ---------- ---------- ---------- Net cash flow used in financing activities (231,505) (259,970) (263,297) ---------- ---------- ---------- Net increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents 26,003 (10,624) 5,652 Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period 23,746 34,370 28,718 ---------- ---------- ---------- Cash and cash equivalents at end of period $49,749 $23,746 $34,370 ========== ========== ========== SUPPLEMENTAL DISCLOSURE OF CASH FLOW INFORMATION: Cash paid during the period for: Interest - net of amount capitalized $132,199 $118,007 $128,485 Income taxes $68,323 $125,924 $96,066 Noncash investing and financing activities: Acquisition of nuclear fuel $32,685 - - Change in unrealized appreciation of decommissioning trust assets $3,432 $301 $2,304 See Notes to Financial Statements.
ENTERGY LOUISIANA, INC. BALANCE SHEETS ASSETS December 31, 1997 1996 (In Thousands) Current Assets: Cash and cash equivalents: Cash $5,148 $1,804 Temporary cash investments - at cost, which approximates market 44,601 21,942 ---------- ---------- Total cash and cash equivalents 49,749 23,746 Accounts receivable: Customer (less allowance for doubtful accounts of $1.2 million in 1997 and $1.4 million in 1996) 69,566 73,823 Associated companies 15,035 11,606 Other 7,441 7,053 Accrued unbilled revenues 61,874 63,879 Deferred fuel costs - 18,347 Accumulated deferred income taxes 10,994 1,465 Materials and supplies - at average cost 82,850 78,449 Rate deferrals - 5,749 Deferred nuclear refueling outage costs 27,176 5,300 Prepaid income tax - 24,651 Prepayments and other 10,793 10,234 ---------- ---------- Total 335,478 324,302 ---------- ---------- Other Property and Investments: Nonutility property 22,525 22,525 Decommissioning trust fund 65,104 50,481 Investment in subsidiary companies - at equity 14,230 14,230 ---------- ---------- Total 101,859 87,236 ---------- ---------- Utility Plant: Electric 5,058,130 4,997,456 Property under capital leases 233,513 232,582 Construction work in progress 52,632 56,180 Nuclear fuel under capital lease 57,811 38,157 Nuclear fuel 1,560 34,191 ---------- ---------- Total 5,403,646 5,358,566 Less - accumulated depreciation and amortization 2,021,392 1,881,847 ---------- ---------- Utility plant - net 3,382,254 3,476,719 ---------- ---------- Deferred Debits and Other Assets: Regulatory assets: SFAS 109 regulatory asset - net 278,234 295,836 Unamortized loss on reacquired debt 33,468 37,552 Other regulatory assets 29,991 30,320 Other 14,116 27,313 ---------- ---------- Total 355,809 391,021 ---------- ---------- TOTAL $4,175,400 $4,279,278 ========== ========== See Notes to Financial Statements.
ENTERGY LOUISIANA, INC. BALANCE SHEETS LIABILITIES AND SHAREHOLDER'S EQUITY December 31, 1997 1996 (In Thousands) Current Liabilities: Currently maturing long-term debt $35,300 $34,275 Notes payable - associated companies - 31,066 Accounts payable: Associated companies 43,508 73,389 Other 95,886 89,550 Customer deposits 55,331 59,070 Taxes accrued 25,243 7,390 Interest accrued 34,571 49,249 Dividends declared 3,253 3,489 Deferred fuel costs 3,268 - Obligations under capital leases 29,232 28,000 Other 8,578 4,940 ---------- ---------- Total 334,170 380,418 ---------- ---------- Deferred Credits and Other Liabilities: Accumulated deferred income taxes 813,748 831,093 Accumulated deferred investment tax credits 134,276 139,899 Obligations under capital leases 28,579 10,156 Deferred interest - Waterford 3 lease obligation 17,799 16,809 Other 119,519 114,665 ---------- ---------- Total 1,113,921 1,112,622 ---------- ---------- Long-term debt 1,338,464 1,373,233 Preferred stock with sinking fund 85,000 92,500 Company-obligated mandatorily redeemable preferred securities of subsidiary trust holding solely junior subordinated deferrable debentures 70,000 70,000 Shareholder's Equity: Preferred stock without sinking fund 100,500 100,500 Common stock, no par value, authorized 250,000,000 shares; issued and outstanding 165,173,180 shares 1,088,900 1,088,900 Capital stock expense and other (2,321) (2,659) Retained earnings 46,766 63,764 ---------- ---------- Total 1,233,845 1,250,505 ---------- ---------- Commitments and Contingencies (Notes 2, 9 and 10) TOTAL $4,175,400 $4,279,278 ========== ========== See Notes to Financial Statements.
ENTERGY LOUISIANA, INC. STATEMENTS OF RETAINED EARNINGS For the Years Ended December 31, 1997 1996 1995 (In Thousands) Retained Earnings, January 1 $63,764 $72,150 $113,420 Add: Net income 141,757 190,762 201,537 Deduct: Dividends declared: Preferred stock 13,016 17,412 20,775 Common stock 145,400 179,200 221,500 Capital stock expenses 339 2,536 532 -------- -------- -------- Total 158,755 199,148 242,807 -------- -------- -------- Retained Earnings, December 31 (Note 8) $46,766 $63,764 $72,150 ======== ======== ======== See Notes to Financial Statements.
ENTERGY LOUISIANA, INC. SELECTED FINANCIAL DATA - FIVE-YEAR COMPARISON 1997 1996 1995 1994 1993 (In Thousands) Operating revenues $1,803,272 $ 1,828,867 $1,674,875 $1,710,415 $1,731,541 Net income $ 141,757 $ 190,762 $ 201,537 $ 213,839 $ 188,808 Total assets $4,175,400 $ 4,279,278 $4,331,523 $4,435,439 $4,463,998 Long-term obligations (1) $1,522,043 $ 1,545,889 $1,528,542 $1,530,558 $1,611,436
(1) Includes long-term debt (excluding currently maturing debt), preferred stock with sinking fund, preferred securities of subsidiary trust, and noncurrent capital lease obligations.
1997 1996 1995 1994 1993 (In Thousands) Electric Operating Revenues: Residential $606,173 $609,308 $583,373 $577,084 $572,738 Commercial 379,131 374,515 353,582 358,672 345,254 Industrial 708,356 727,505 641,196 659,061 652,574 Governmental 34,171 33,621 31,616 31,679 29,723 -------------------------------------------------------------------- Total retail 1,727,831 1,744,949 1,609,767 1,626,496 1,600,289 Sales for resale Associated companies 3,817 5,065 1,178 352 4,849 Non-associated companies 55,345 58,685 48,987 36,928 46,414 Other 16,279 20,168 14,943 46,639 79,989 -------------------------------------------------------------------- Total $1,803,272 $1,828,867 $1,674,875 $1,710,415 $1,731,541 ==================================================================== Billed Electric Energy Sales (GWH): Residential 7,826 7,893 7,855 7,449 7,368 Commercial 4,906 4,846 4,786 4,631 4,435 Industrial 16,390 17,647 16,971 16,561 15,914 Governmental 460 457 439 423 398 -------------------------------------------------------------------- Total retail 29,582 30,843 30,051 29,064 28,115 Sales for resale Associated companies 104 143 44 10 112 Non-associated companies 805 982 1,293 776 1,213 -------------------------------------------------------------------- Total 30,491 31,968 31,388 29,850 29,440 ====================================================================
REPORT OF INDEPENDENT ACCOUNTANTS To the Board of Directors and Shareholders of Entergy Mississippi, Inc. We have audited the accompanying balance sheets of Entergy Mississippi, Inc. (formerly Mississippi Power & Light Company) as of December 31, 1997 and 1996, and the related statements of income, retained earnings and cash flows for each of the three years in the period ended December 31, 1997. These financial statements are the responsibility of the Company's management. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on these financial statements based on our audits. We conducted our audits in accordance with generally accepted auditing standards. Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the financial statements are free of material misstatement. An audit includes examining, on a test basis, evidence supporting the amounts and disclosures in the financial statements. An audit also includes assessing the accounting principles used and significant estimates made by management, as well as evaluating the overall financial statement presentation. We believe that our audits provide a reasonable basis for our opinion. In our opinion, the financial statements referred to above present fairly, in all material respects, the financial position of the Company as of December 31, 1997 and 1996, and the results of its operations and its cash flows for each of the three years in the period ended December 31, 1997 in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles. COOPERS & LYBRAND L.L.P. New Orleans, Louisiana March 4, 1998 ENTERGY MISSISSIPPI, INC. MANAGEMENT'S FINANCIAL DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS RESULTS OF OPERATIONS Net Income Net income decreased in 1997 as a result of a decrease in electric operating revenues and an increase in other operation and maintenance expenses, partially offset by lower income taxes. Net income increased in 1996 primarily due to reduced other operation and maintenance expenses, partially offset by higher income taxes. Significant factors affecting the results of operations and causing variances between the years 1997 and 1996, and between the years 1996 and 1995, are discussed under "Revenues and Sales", "Expenses", and "Other" below. Revenues and Sales See "SELECTED FINANCIAL DATA - FIVE-YEAR COMPARISON", following the financial statements, for information on operating revenues by source and KWH sales. The changes in electric operating revenues for the twelve months ended December 31, 1997 and 1996 are as follows: Increase/(Decrease) Description 1997 1996 (In Millions) Change in base revenues ($7.7) ($2.2) Grand Gulf rate rider (19.0) 7.1 Fuel cost recovery (14.5) 33.6 Sales volume/weather 3.8 8.5 Other revenue (including unbilled) (1.6) (2.1) Sales for resale 18.0 23.7 ------ ----- Total ($21.0) $68.6 ====== ===== Electric operating revenues decreased in 1997 primarily due to a decrease in the Grand Gulf 1 rate rider and fuel adjustment revenues, which do not affect net income, partially offset by an increase in sales for resale. In connection with an annual MPSC review, in October 1996, Entergy Mississippi's Grand Gulf 1 rate rider was decreased based on the estimate of costs over the next year. Therefore, Grand Gulf 1 rate rider revenues for 1997 were lower than those in 1996. The decrease in fuel adjustment revenues is due to an MPSC order, effective May 1, 1997, that changed fuel recovery pricing to a fixed fuel factor. Sales for resale increased because of an increase in sales to associated companies due to changes in generation requirements and availability among the domestic utility companies. ENTERGY MISSISSIPPI, INC. MANAGEMENT'S FINANCIAL DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS RESULTS OF OPERATIONS Electric operating revenues increased in 1996 primarily due to increases in fuel adjustment revenues, the Grand Gulf 1 rate rider, sales for resale, and higher sales volume. Fuel adjustment revenues increased in response to higher fuel costs. In connection with an annual MPSC review, in October 1995, Entergy Mississippi's Grand Gulf 1 rate rider was adjusted upward as a result of its undercollection of Grand Gulf 1 costs. The fuel adjustment clause and the Grand Gulf 1 rate rider do not affect net income. Sales for resale increased because of an increase in sales to associated companies due to changes in generation requirements and availability among the domestic utility companies. The increase in sales volume is primarily due to increased customer usage. Expenses Operating expenses increased in 1997 due to an increase in purchased power expenses and other operation and maintenance expenses, partially offset by decreases in fuel expense and net rate deferral activity. The increase in purchased power expenses in 1997 compared to 1996 is due both to the shift in use from higher priced fuel to lower priced purchased power and to an increase in generation and purchases related to increases in sales volume and sales for resale. The increase in other operation and maintenance expenses is due to increases in contract labor and loss reserves. Contract labor increased because of maintenance and plant outage expenses in 1997. Loss reserves expense increased as a result of increased litigation reserves. The other regulatory credits reducing operating expenses in 1996 and 1997 principally represents the deferral of Entergy Mississippi's portion of the proposed System Entergy rate increase. See Note 2 for further discussion. Operating expenses increased in 1996 due to an increase in fuel and purchased power expenses, partially offset by a decrease in other operation and maintenance expenses. Fuel and purchased power expenses increased as a result of higher fuel costs and higher sales volume. Other operation and maintenance expenses decreased as a result of lower payroll, contract work, and materials and supplies expenses. Payroll expenses decreased due to restructuring costs recorded in 1995 and the resulting decrease in employees. Contract work and materials and supplies expenses decreased because of the turbine repairs at some of Entergy Mississippi's generating plants in 1995. Other The effective income tax rates for 1997, 1996, and 1995 were 28.6%, 34.2%, and 33.7% respectively. The decrease in 1997 is primarily due to the impact of recording the tax benefit of Entergy Corporation's expenses as prescribed by the tax allocation agreement. The effective income tax rate for 1996 was relatively unchanged from 1995.
ENTERGY MISSISSIPPI, INC. STATEMENTS OF INCOME For the Years Ended December 31, 1997 1996 1995 (In Thousands) Operating Revenues $937,395 $958,430 $889,843 -------- -------- -------- Operating Expenses: Operation and maintenance: Fuel, fuel-related expenses 199,880 207,116 163,198 Purchased power 285,447 272,812 240,519 Other operation and maintenance 129,812 122,628 144,183 Depreciation and amortization 43,300 40,313 38,197 Taxes other than income taxes 43,142 43,389 46,019 Other regulatory charges (credits) (20,731) (23,026) (6,965) Amortization of rate deferrals 119,797 130,602 114,304 -------- -------- -------- Total 800,647 793,834 739,455 -------- -------- -------- Operating Income 136,748 164,596 150,388 -------- -------- -------- Other Income: Allowance for equity funds used during construction 543 1,143 950 Miscellaneous - net 919 1,662 3,036 -------- -------- -------- Total 1,462 2,805 3,986 -------- -------- -------- Interest Charges: Interest on long-term debt 40,791 44,137 46,998 Other interest - net 4,483 3,870 4,638 Allowance for borrowed funds used during construction (469) (923) (806) -------- -------- -------- Total 44,805 47,084 50,830 -------- -------- -------- Income Before Income Taxes 93,405 120,317 103,544 Income Taxes 26,744 41,106 34,877 -------- -------- -------- Net Income 66,661 79,211 68,667 Preferred Stock Dividend Requirements and Other 4,044 5,010 7,515 -------- -------- -------- Earnings Applicable to Common Stock $62,617 $74,201 $61,152 ======== ======== ======== See Notes to Financial Statements.
ENTERGY MISSISSIPPI, INC. STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS For the Years Ended December 31, 1997 1996 1995 (In Thousands) Operating Activities: Net income $66,661 $79,211 $68,667 Noncash items included in net income: Amortization of rate deferrals 119,797 130,602 114,304 Other regulatory charges (credits) (20,731) (23,026) (6,965) Depreciation and amortization 43,300 40,313 38,197 Deferred income taxes and investment tax credits (32,204) (32,887) (36,774) Allowance for equity funds used during construction (543) (1,143) (950) Changes in working capital: Receivables 2,978 (4,123) (5,277) Fuel inventory 3,275 20 (1,901) Accounts payable (9,246) 88 15,553 Taxes accrued 5,832 (2,157) 7,818 Interest accrued (6,600) (925) 1,457 Other working capital accounts (12,283) 4,074 (21,108) Other (1,150) (8,081) 11,922 ---------- ---------- ---------- Net cash flow provided by operating activities 159,086 181,966 184,943 ---------- ---------- ---------- Investing Activities: Construction expenditures (50,334) (85,018) (79,146) Allowance for equity funds used during construction 543 1,143 950 ---------- ---------- ---------- Net cash flow used in investing activities (49,791) (83,875) (78,196) ---------- ---------- ---------- Financing Activities: Proceeds from the issuance of general and refunding mortgage bonds 64,827 - 79,480 Retirement of: General and refunding mortgage bonds (96,000) (26,000) (45,000) First mortgage bonds - (35,000) (20,000) Other long-term debt (15) (15) (965) Redemption of preferred stock (14,500) (9,876) (15,000) Changes in short-term borrowings - net (3,091) 50,253 (30,000) Dividends paid: Common stock (59,200) (79,900) (61,700) Preferred stock (3,998) (5,000) (6,215) ---------- ---------- ---------- Net cash flow used in financing activities (111,977) (105,538) (99,400) ---------- ---------- ---------- Net increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents (2,682) (7,447) 7,347 Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period 9,498 16,945 9,598 ---------- ---------- ---------- Cash and cash equivalents at end of period $6,816 $9,498 $16,945 ========== ========== ========== SUPPLEMENTAL DISCLOSURE OF CASH FLOW INFORMATION: Cash paid during the period for: Interest - net of amount capitalized $50,194 $46,769 $48,617 Income taxes $51,598 $73,687 $67,746 See Notes to Financial Statements.
ENTERGY MISSISSIPPI, INC. BALANCE SHEETS ASSETS December 31, 1997 1996 (In Thousands) Current Assets: Cash and cash equivalents: Cash $6,816 $2,384 Special deposits - 7,114 ---------- ---------- Total cash and cash equivalents 6,816 9,498 Accounts receivable: Customer (less allowance for doubtful accounts of $1 million in 1997 and $1.4 million and 1996) 36,636 44,809 Associated companies 6,842 4,382 Other 4,139 2,014 Accrued unbilled revenues 49,993 49,383 Fuel inventory - at average cost 3,386 6,661 Materials and supplies - at average cost 17,657 17,567 Rate deferrals 127,295 142,504 Prepayments and other 17,537 7,434 ---------- ---------- Total 270,301 284,252 ---------- ---------- Other Property and Investments: Investment in subsidiary companies - at equity 5,531 5,531 Other - at cost (less accumulated depreciation) 7,757 7,923 ---------- ---------- Total 13,288 13,454 ---------- ---------- Utility Plant: Electric 1,687,400 1,633,484 Construction work in progress 22,960 47,373 ---------- ---------- Total 1,710,360 1,680,857 Less - accumulated depreciation and amortization 656,828 635,754 ---------- ---------- Utility plant - net 1,053,532 1,045,103 ---------- ---------- Deferred Debits and Other Assets: Regulatory assets: Rate deferrals - 104,588 SFAS 109 regulatory asset - net 22,993 11,813 Unamortized loss on reacquired debt 8,404 9,254 Other regulatory assets 64,827 46,309 Other 6,216 6,693 ---------- ---------- Total 102,440 178,657 ---------- ---------- TOTAL $1,439,561 $1,521,466 ========== ========== See Notes to Financial Statements.
ENTERGY MISSISSIPPI, INC. BALANCE SHEETS LIABILITIES AND SHAREHOLDER'S EQUITY December 31, 1997 1996 (In Thousands) Current Liabilities: Currently maturing long-term debt $20 $96,015 Notes payable - associated companies 47,162 50,253 Accounts payable: Associated companies 36,057 32,878 Other 11,276 23,701 Customer deposits 24,084 26,258 Taxes accrued 32,314 26,482 Accumulated deferred income taxes 44,277 58,634 Interest accrued 14,309 20,909 Other 2,806 3,065 ---------- ---------- Total 212,305 338,195 ---------- ---------- Deferred Credits and Other Liabilities: Accumulated deferred income taxes 244,464 249,522 Accumulated deferred investment tax credits 23,915 25,422 Other 15,892 19,445 ---------- ---------- Total 284,271 294,389 ---------- ---------- Long-term debt 464,156 399,054 Preferred stock with sinking fund - 7,000 Shareholder's Equity: Preferred stock without sinking fund 50,381 57,881 Common stock, no par value, authorized 15,000,000 shares; issued and outstanding 8,666,357 shares 199,326 199,326 Capital stock expense and other (59) (143) Retained earnings 229,181 225,764 ---------- ---------- Total 478,829 482,828 ---------- ---------- Commitments and Contingencies (Notes 2 and 9) TOTAL $1,439,561 $1,521,466 ========== ========== See Notes to Financial Statements.
ENTERGY MISSISSIPPI, INC. STATEMENTS OF RETAINED EARNINGS For the Years Ended December 31, 1997 1996 1995 (In Thousands) Retained Earnings, January 1 $225,764 $231,463 $232,011 Add: Net income 66,661 79,211 68,667 Deduct: Dividends declared: Preferred stock 3,656 4,803 5,971 Common stock 59,200 79,900 61,700 Preferred stock expenses 388 207 1,544 -------- -------- -------- Total 63,244 84,910 69,215 -------- -------- -------- Retained Earnings, December 31 (Note 8) $229,181 $225,764 $231,463 ======== ======== ======== See Notes to Financial Statements
ENTERGY MISSISSIPPI, INC. SELECTED FINANCIAL DATA - FIVE-YEAR COMPARISON 1997 1996 1995 1994 1993 (In Thousands) Operating revenues $ 937,395 $ 958,430 $ 889,843 $ 859,845 $ 883,818 Net Income $ 66,661 $ 79,211 $ 68,667 $ 48,779 $ 69,037 Total assets $1,439,561 $1,521,466 $1,581,983 $1,637,828 $1,681,992 Long-term obligations (1) $ 464,156 $ 406,054 $ 511,613 $ 507,555 $ 563,612
(1) Includes long-term debt (excluding currently maturing debt) and preferred stock with sinking fund.
1997 1996 1995 1994 1993 (In Thousands) Electric Operating Revenues: Residential $342,818 $358,264 $336,194 $332,567 $341,620 Commercial 274,195 281,626 262,786 257,154 251,285 Industrial 173,152 185,351 178,466 184,637 182,060 Governmental 26,882 29,093 27,410 27,495 28,530 --------------------------------------------------- Total retail 817,047 854,334 804,856 801,853 803,495 Sales for resale Associated companies 78,233 58,749 35,928 37,747 34,640 Non-associated companies 21,276 22,814 21,906 16,728 21,100 Other 20,839 22,533 27,153 3,517 24,583 --------------------------------------------------- Total $937,395 $958,430 $889,843 $859,845 $883,818 =================================================== Billed Electric Energy Sales (GWH): Residential 4,323 4,355 4,233 4,014 3,983 Commercial 3,673 3,508 3,368 3,151 2,928 Industrial 3,089 3,063 3,044 2,985 2,787 Governmental 333 346 336 330 336 --------------------------------------------------- Total retail 11,418 11,272 10,981 10,480 10,034 Sales for resale Associated companies 1,918 1,368 959 1,079 758 Non-associated companies 412 521 692 512 670 --------------------------------------------------- Total 13,748 13,161 12,632 12,071 11,462 ===================================================
REPORT OF INDEPENDENT ACCOUNTANTS To the Board of Directors and Shareholders of Entergy New Orleans, Inc. We have audited the accompanying balance sheets of Entergy New Orleans, Inc. (formerly New Orleans Public Service Inc.) as of December 31, 1997 and 1996, and the related statements of income, retained earnings and cash flows for each of the three years in the period ended December 31, 1997. These financial statements are the responsibility of the Company's management. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on these financial statements based on our audits. We conducted our audits in accordance with generally accepted auditing standards. Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the financial statements are free of material misstatement. An audit includes examining, on a test basis, evidence supporting the amounts and disclosures in the financial statements. An audit also includes assessing the accounting principles used and significant estimates made by management, as well as evaluating the overall financial statement presentation. We believe that our audits provide a reasonable basis for our opinion. In our opinion, the financial statements referred to above present fairly, in all material respects, the financial position of the Company as of December 31, 1997 and 1996, and the results of its operations and its cash flows for each of the three years in the period ended December 31, 1997 in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles. COOPERS & LYBRAND L.L.P. New Orleans, Louisiana March 4, 1998 ENTERGY NEW ORLEANS, INC. MANAGEMENT'S FINANCIAL DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS RESULTS OF OPERATIONS Net Income Net income decreased in 1997 primarily due to an increase in taxes other than income taxes, partially offset by lower income taxes. Net income decreased in 1996 primarily due to the electric and gas rate refund recorded in December 1996, based on the Council's review of Entergy New Orleans' 1996 earnings. This decrease in net income was partially offset by reduced other operation and maintenance expenses. Significant factors affecting the results of operations and causing variances between the years 1997 and 1996, and between the years 1996 and 1995, are discussed under "Revenues and Sales", "Expenses", and "Other" below. Revenues and Sales See "SELECTED FINANCIAL DATA - FIVE-YEAR COMPARISON", following the financial statements, for information on electric operating revenues by source and KWH sales. The changes in electric operating revenues for the twelve months ended December 31, 1997 and 1996 are as follows: Increase/(Decrease) Description 1997 1996 (In Millions) Change in base revenues ($13.6) ($8.5) Fuel cost recovery (2.2) 28.5 Sales volume/weather (0.8) (4.8) Other revenue (including unbilled) 16.7 (1.4) Sales for resale 6.8 (0.5) ------ ----- Total $6.9 $13.3 ====== ===== Electric operating revenues increased in 1997 primarily due to increases in other revenue and sales for resale, partially offset by a decrease in base revenues. Other revenue increased as a result of a rate refund recorded in 1996. Sales for resale increased as a result of an increase in electric sales to associated companies primarily due to changes in generation requirements and availability among the domestic utility companies. The decrease in base revenues is caused by 1996 and 1997 reductions in residential and commercial rates. Electric operating revenues increased in 1996 primarily due to higher fuel adjustment revenues, as a result of higher fuel prices, which do not affect net income. This increase was partially offset by a rate refund recorded in 1996, as discussed in "Net Income" above, and lower sales attributable to a significant reduction in electricity usage by a large industrial customer. Gas operating revenues decreased in 1997 primarily due to lower gas prices. Gas operating revenues increased in 1996 primarily due to higher gas prices. This increase was partially offset by the rate refund recorded in 1996, as discussed in "Net Income" above. ENTERGY NEW ORLEANS, INC. MANAGEMENT'S FINANCIAL DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS RESULTS OF OPERATIONS Expenses Operating expenses increased in 1997 due primarily to increases in taxes other than income taxes and lower other regulatory credits. These increases were partially offset by a decrease in total fuel expenses, including purchased power and gas purchased for resale. Taxes other than income taxes increased because of higher franchise taxes resulting from a December 1996 Council order increasing Entergy New Orleans' annual franchise fee from 2.5% to 5% of gross revenues. The decrease in other regulatory credits is primarily a result of the 1996 deferral of Entergy New Orleans' portion of the proposed System Energy rate increase. See Note 2 for further discussion. Fuel and purchased power expenses decreased in 1997 primarily due to a shift from higher priced purchased power to lower priced fuel. Operating expenses increased in 1996 primarily due to higher fuel expenses, including purchased power and gas purchased for resale and increased amortization of rate deferrals, partially offset by an increase in other regulatory credits and a decrease in other operation and maintenance expenses. Fuel expenses, including gas purchased for resale, increased as a result of significantly higher unit prices. Purchased power increased due to changes in generation availability and requirements among the domestic utility companies. Other regulatory credits increased due to the deferral of a portion of the System Energy rate increase being billed to Entergy New Orleans, as discussed in Note 2. Other operation and maintenance expenses decreased primarily due to lower payroll expenses as a result of restructuring and reduced regulatory commission expenses. Other The effective income tax rates for 1997, 1996, and 1995 were 44.0%, 37.7%, and 37.3%, respectively. The increase in 1997 is primarily due to decreased amortization of deferred income taxes on property fully depreciated for federal income tax purposes. The effective income tax rate for 1996 was relatively unchanged from 1995.
ENTERGY NEW ORLEANS, INC. STATEMENTS OF INCOME For the Years Ended December 31, 1997 1996 1995 (In Thousands) Operating Revenues: Electric $410,131 $403,254 $390,002 Natural gas 94,691 101,023 80,276 -------- -------- -------- Total 504,822 504,277 470,278 -------- -------- -------- Operating Expenses: Operation and maintenance: Fuel, fuel-related expenses, and gas purchased for resale 141,902 129,059 102,314 Purchased power 156,542 176,450 145,920 Other operation and maintenance 72,748 71,421 76,510 Depreciation and amortization 21,107 20,007 19,420 Taxes other than income taxes 38,964 27,388 27,805 Other regulatory charges (credits) (6,394) (13,543) (3,985) Amortization of rate deferrals 37,662 35,917 31,564 -------- -------- -------- Total 462,531 446,699 399,548 -------- -------- -------- Operating Income 42,291 57,578 70,730 -------- -------- -------- Other Income (Deductions): Allowance for equity funds used during construction 380 321 158 Miscellaneous - net (77) 1,146 1,639 -------- -------- -------- Total 303 1,467 1,797 -------- -------- -------- Interest Charges: Interest on long-term debt 13,918 15,268 15,948 Other interest - net 1,369 1,036 1,853 Allowance for borrowed funds used during construction (286) (252) (127) -------- -------- -------- Total 15,001 16,052 17,674 -------- -------- -------- Income Before Income Taxes 27,593 42,993 54,853 Income Taxes 12,142 16,217 20,467 -------- -------- -------- Net Income 15,451 26,776 34,386 Preferred Stock Dividend Requirements and Other 965 965 1,411 -------- -------- -------- Earnings Applicable to Common Stock $14,486 $25,811 $32,975 ======== ======== ======== See Notes to Financial Statements.
ENTERGY NEW ORLEANS, INC. STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS For the Years Ended December 31, 1997 1996 1995 (In Thousands) Operating Activities: Net income $15,451 $26,776 $34,386 Noncash items included in net income: Amortization of rate deferrals 37,662 35,917 31,564 Other regulatory charges (credits) (6,394) (13,543) (3,985) Depreciation and amortization 21,107 20,007 19,420 Deferred income taxes and investment tax credits (1,957) (12,274) (1,998) Allowance for equity funds used during construction (380) (321) (158) Changes in working capital: Receivables (1,260) 832 (5,468) Accounts payable 540 (5,638) 12,566 Taxes accrued 4,066 (4,350) 3,225 Interest accrued (276) 214 (131) Income tax refund - - 20,172 Other working capital accounts (18,148) (5,216) (4,803) Other (1,823) 1,602 (5,515) ---------- ---------- ---------- Net cash flow provided by operating activities 48,588 44,006 99,275 ---------- ---------- ---------- Investing Activities: Construction expenditures (16,137) (27,956) (27,836) Allowance for equity funds used during construction 380 321 158 ---------- ---------- ---------- Net cash flow used in investing activities (15,757) (27,635) (27,678) ---------- ---------- ---------- Financing Activities: Proceeds from the issuance of general and refunding mortgage bonds - 39,608 29,805 Retirement of: First mortgage bonds (12,000) (23,250) - General and refunding mortgage bonds - (30,000) (24,200) Redemption of preferred stock - - (3,525) Dividends paid: Common stock (26,000) (34,000) (30,600) Preferred stock (965) (965) (1,362) ---------- ---------- ---------- Net cash flow used in financing activities (38,965) (48,607) (29,882) ---------- ---------- ---------- Net increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents (6,134) (32,236) 41,715 Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period 17,510 49,746 8,031 ---------- ---------- ---------- Cash and cash equivalents at end of period $11,376 $17,510 $49,746 ========== ========== ========== SUPPLEMENTAL DISCLOSURE OF CASH FLOW INFORMATION: Cash paid during the period for: Interest - net of amount capitalized $14,951 $15,357 $17,187 Income taxes - net $10,981 $31,870 ($941) See Notes to Financial Statements.
ENTERGY NEW ORLEANS, INC. BALANCE SHEETS ASSETS December 31, 1997 1996 (In Thousands) Current Assets: Cash and cash equivalents: Cash $4,321 $1,015 Temporary cash investments - at cost, which approximates market: Associated companies 1,918 7,435 Other 5,137 9,060 -------- -------- Total cash and cash equivalents 11,376 17,510 Accounts receivable: Customer (less allowance for doubtful accounts of $0.7 million in 1997 and 1996) 26,913 27,430 Associated companies 1,081 714 Other 4,155 1,764 Accrued unbilled revenues 16,083 17,064 Deferred electric fuel and resale gas costs 9,384 7,290 Materials and supplies - at average cost 9,389 9,904 Rate deferrals 35,336 37,692 Prepayments and other 6,087 7,157 -------- -------- Total 119,804 126,525 -------- -------- Other Property and Investments: Investment in subsidiary companies - at equity 3,259 3,259 -------- -------- Utility Plant: Electric 508,338 503,061 Natural gas 122,308 122,700 Construction work in progress 19,184 18,247 -------- -------- Total 649,830 644,008 Less - accumulated depreciation and amortization 355,854 347,790 -------- -------- Utility plant - net 293,976 296,218 -------- -------- Deferred Debits and Other Assets: Regulatory assets: Rate deferrals 64,192 99,498 SFAS 109 regulatory asset - net 1,202 6,051 Unamortized loss on reacquired debt 1,435 1,647 Other regulatory assets 13,392 15,908 Other 890 890 -------- -------- Total 81,111 123,994 -------- -------- TOTAL $498,150 $549,996 ======== ======== See Notes to Financial Statements.
ENTERGY NEW ORLEANS, INC. BALANCE SHEETS LIABILITIES AND SHAREHOLDER'S EQUITY December 31, 1997 1996 (In Thousands) Current Liabilities: Currently maturing long-term debt $- $12,000 Accounts payable: Associated companies 15,922 18,757 Other 17,505 14,130 Customer deposits 16,982 18,974 Taxes accrued 5,270 1,204 Accumulated deferred income taxes 11,544 5,584 Interest accrued 5,049 5,325 Provision for rate refund 3,108 19,465 Other 2,231 1,521 -------- -------- Total 77,611 96,960 -------- -------- Deferred Credits and Other Liabilities: Accumulated deferred income taxes 61,000 72,895 Accumulated deferred investment tax credits 7,396 7,984 Accumulated provision for property insurance 15,487 15,666 Other 16,327 24,713 -------- -------- Total 100,210 121,258 -------- -------- Long-term debt 168,953 168,888 Shareholder's Equity: Preferred stock without sinking fund 19,780 19,780 Common Shareholder's Equity: Common stock, $4 par value, authorized 10,000,000 shares; issued and outstanding 8,435,900 shares 33,744 33,744 Additional paid-in capital 36,294 36,294 Retained earnings subsequent to the elimination of the accumulated deficit on November 30, 1988 61,558 73,072 -------- -------- Total 151,376 162,890 -------- -------- Commitments and Contingencies (Notes 2 and 9) TOTAL $498,150 $549,996 ======== ======== See Notes to Financial Statements.
ENTERGY NEW ORLEANS, INC. STATEMENTS OF RETAINED EARNINGS For the Years Ended December 31, 1997 1996 1995 (In Thousands) Retained Earnings, January 1 $73,072 $81,261 $78,886 Add: Net income 15,451 26,776 34,386 Deduct: Dividends declared: Preferred stock 965 965 1,231 Common stock 26,000 34,000 30,600 Capital stock expenses - - 180 -------- -------- -------- Total 26,965 34,965 32,011 -------- -------- -------- Retained Earnings, December 31 (Note 8) $61,558 $73,072 $81,261 ======== ======== ======== See Notes to Financial Statements.
ENTERGY NEW ORLEANS, INC. SELECTED FINANCIAL DATA - FIVE-YEAR COMPARISON 1997 1996 1995 1994 1993 (In Thousands) Operating revenues $504,822 $ 504,277 $470,278 $447,787 $ 514,822 Net Income $ 15,451 $ 26,776 $ 34,386 $ 13,211 $ 36,761 Total assets $498,150 $ 549,996 $596,206 $592,894 $ 647,605 Long-term obligations (1) $168,953 $ 168,888 $155,958 $167,610 $ 193,262
(1) Includes long-term debt (excluding currently maturing debt).
1997 1996 1995 1994 1993 (In Thousands) Electric Operating Revenues: Residential $145,688 $151,577 $141,353 $142,013 $151,423 Commercial 143,113 149,649 144,374 162,410 167,788 Industrial 24,616 24,663 22,842 25,422 26,205 Governmental 58,746 58,561 52,880 58,726 61,548 --------------------------------------------------- Total retail 372,163 384,450 361,449 388,571 406,964 Sales for resale Associated companies 10,342 2,649 3,217 2,061 2,487 Non-associated companies 8,996 9,882 9,864 7,512 9,291 Other (1) 18,630 6,273 15,472 (37,714) 5,088 --------------------------------------------------- Total $410,131 $403,254 $390,002 $360,430 $423,830 =================================================== Billed Electric Energy Sales (GWH): Residential 1,971 1,998 2,049 1,896 1,914 Commercial 2,072 2,073 2,079 2,031 1,989 Industrial 484 481 537 518 499 Governmental 994 974 983 951 924 --------------------------------------------------- Total retail 5,521 5,526 5,648 5,396 5,326 Sales for resale Associated companies 316 66 149 92 89 Non-associated companies 160 212 297 202 262 --------------------------------------------------- Total 5,997 5,804 6,094 5,690 5,677 ===================================================
(1) 1994 includes the effects of the 1994 NOPSI Settlement. REPORT OF INDEPENDENT ACCOUNTANTS To the Board of Directors and Shareholder of System Energy Resources, Inc. We have audited the accompanying balance sheets of System Energy Resources, Inc. as of December 31, 1997 and 1996, and the related statements of income, retained earnings and cash flows for each of the three years in the period ended December 31, 1997. These financial statements are the responsibility of the Company's management. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on these financial statements based on our audits. We conducted our audits in accordance with generally accepted auditing standards. Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the financial statements are free of material misstatement. An audit includes examining, on a test basis, evidence supporting the amounts and disclosures in the financial statements. An audit also includes assessing the accounting principles used and significant estimates made by management, as well as evaluating the overall financial statement presentation. We believe that our audits provide a reasonable basis for our opinion. In our opinion, the financial statements referred to above present fairly, in all material respects, the financial position of the Company as of December 31, 1997 and 1996, and the results of its operations and its cash flows for each of the three years in the period ended December 31, 1997 in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles. As discussed in Note 1 to the consolidated financial statements, in 1996 the Company changed its method of accounting for incremental nuclear plant outage maintenance costs. COOPERS & LYBRAND L.L.P. New Orleans, Louisiana March 4, 1998 SYSTEM ENERGY RESOURCES, INC. MANAGEMENT'S FINANCIAL DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS RESULTS OF OPERATIONS Net Income Net income increased slightly in 1997 and 1996 primarily due to lower interest charges attributed to the refinancing of higher-cost debt. Significant factors affecting the results of operations and causing variances between the years 1997 and 1996, and between the years 1996 and 1995, are discussed under "Revenues", "Expenses", and "Other" below. Revenues Operating revenues recover operating expenses, depreciation, and capital costs attributable to Grand Gulf 1. Capital costs are computed by allowing a return on System Energy's common equity funds allocable to its net investment in Grand Gulf 1 and adding to such amount System Energy's effective interest cost for its debt allocable to its investment in Grand Gulf 1. See Note 2 herein for a discussion of System Energy's proposed rate increase. Expenses Operating expenses increased in 1997 due to higher nuclear refueling outage expenses and higher depreciation, amortization, and decommissioning expenses. Nuclear refueling outage expenses increased due to costs that were deferred from the November 1996 outage, which are now being amortized over an 18-month period that began in December 1996. Prior to this outage, such costs were expensed as incurred and no such expenses were incurred in 1996. The increase in depreciation, amortization, and decommissioning expense is due to the reduction of the regulatory asset set up to defer the depreciation associated with the sale and leaseback in 1989 of a portion of Grand Gulf 1. The depreciation was deferred to match the collection of lease principal and revenues with the depreciation of the asset. Grand Gulf 1 was on-line for 365 days in 1997 as compared to 322 days in 1996. Operating expenses increased in 1996 due primarily to increases in other operation and maintenance expenses, and depreciation, amortization, and decommissioning expenses. Other operation and maintenance expenses increased primarily because of higher waste disposal costs and medical benefit charges for the year. The increase in decommissioning costs and depreciation rates is reflected in the 1995 System Energy FERC rate increase filing, subject to refund (see Note 2). These increases were partially offset by a decrease in nuclear refueling outage expenses. The decrease in nuclear outage expenses was primarily due to the effect of deferring the nuclear refueling outage expenses in the fourth quarter of 1996 rather than recognizing those expenses as incurred (see Note 1). Grand Gulf 1 was on-line for 322 days in 1996 as compared with 285 days in 1995. The increase in the on-line days was primarily due to the unit's shorter eighth refueling outage that lasted from October 19, 1996 to November 30, 1996 (41 days), compared to a 68-day outage in 1995, and to a lesser extent, unplanned outages in 1996 totaling 3 days, compared to 12 days for 1995. Other Interest charges decreased in both 1997 and in 1996 due primarily to the retirement and refinancing of higher-cost long-term debt. The effective income tax rates in 1997, 1996, and 1995 were 42.2%, 45.4%, and 44.8%, respectively. The decrease in 1997 is primarily due to the impact of recording the tax benefit of Entergy Corporation's expenses as prescribed by the tax allocation agreement. The effective income tax rate for 1996 was relatively unchanged from 1995.
SYSTEM ENERGY RESOURCES, INC. STATEMENTS OF INCOME For the Years Ended December 31, 1997 1996 1995 (In Thousands) Operating Revenues $633,698 $623,620 $605,639 -------- -------- -------- Operating Expenses: Operation and maintenance: Fuel and fuel-related expenses 48,475 43,761 40,262 Nuclear refueling outage expenses 16,425 1,239 24,935 Other operation and maintenance 101,269 105,453 98,441 Depreciation, amortization, and decommissioning 147,859 128,474 100,747 Taxes other than income taxes 26,477 27,654 27,549 -------- -------- -------- Total 340,505 306,581 291,934 -------- -------- -------- Operating Income 293,193 317,039 313,705 -------- -------- -------- Other Income: Allowance for equity funds used during construction 2,209 1,122 1,878 Miscellaneous - net 8,517 5,234 2,492 -------- -------- -------- Total 10,726 6,356 4,370 -------- -------- -------- Interest Charges: Interest on long-term debt 121,633 135,376 143,020 Other interest - net 7,020 8,344 8,491 Allowance for borrowed funds used during construction (1,683) (1,114) (1,968) -------- -------- -------- Total 126,970 142,606 149,543 -------- -------- -------- Income Before Income Taxes 176,949 180,789 168,532 Income Taxes 74,654 82,121 75,493 -------- -------- -------- Net Income $102,295 $98,668 $93,039 ======== ======== ======== See Notes to Financial Statements.
SYSTEM ENERGY RESOURCES, INC. STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS For the Years Ended December 31, 1997 1996 1995 (In Thousands) Operating Activities: Net income $102,295 $98,668 $93,039 Noncash items included in net income: Depreciation, amortization, and decommissioning 147,859 128,474 100,747 Deferred income taxes and investment tax credits (39,370) 48,975 (45,337) Allowance for equity funds used during construction (2,209) (1,122) (1,878) Changes in working capital: Receivables (9,543) 3,436 (66,433) Accounts payable 11,172 560 (18,955) Taxes accrued 7,852 (4,825) 37,266 Interest accrued 8,127 (2,548) (4,053) Other working capital accounts 19,054 (13,430) (21,874) Decommissioning trust contributions and realized change in trust assets (22,452) (21,366) (7,507) FERC Settlement - refund obligation (4,539) (4,009) (3,540) Provision for estimated losses and reserves 43,216 46,919 3,167 Other 16,684 7,125 31,818 ---------- ---------- ---------- Net cash flow provided by operating activities 278,146 286,857 96,460 ---------- ---------- ---------- Investing Activities: Construction expenditures (35,141) (29,469) (21,747) Allowance for equity funds used during construction 2,209 1,122 1,878 Nuclear fuel purchases (16,524) (44,704) (51,455) Proceeds from sale/leaseback of nuclear fuel 16,524 43,971 52,188 ---------- ---------- ---------- Net cash flow used in investing activities (32,932) (29,080) (19,136) ---------- ---------- ---------- Financing Activities: Proceeds from the issuance of: First mortgage bonds - 233,656 - Other long-term debt - 133,933 73,343 Retirement of: First mortgage bonds (10,000) (325,101) (105,000) Other long-term debt (7,319) (92,700) (45,320) Changes in short-term borrowings - net - (2,990) 2,990 Common stock dividends paid (113,800) (112,500) (92,800) ---------- ---------- ---------- Net cash flow used in financing activities (131,119) (165,702) (166,787) ---------- ---------- ---------- Net increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents 114,095 92,075 (89,463) Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period 92,315 240 89,703 ---------- ---------- ---------- Cash and cash equivalents at end of period $206,410 $92,315 $240 ========== ========== ========== SUPPLEMENTAL DISCLOSURE OF CASH FLOW INFORMATION: Cash paid during the period for: Interest - net of amount capitalized $103,684 $138,483 $147,492 Income taxes $105,621 $36,397 $87,016 Noncash investing and financing activities: Change in unrealized appreciation (depreciation) of decommissioning trust assets $1,237 ($70) $3,061 See Notes to Financial Statements.
SYSTEM ENERGY RESOURCES, INC. BALANCE SHEETS ASSETS December 31, 1997 1996 (In Thousands) Current Assets: Cash and cash equivalents: Cash $792 $26 Temporary cash investments - at cost, which approximates market: Associated companies 55,891 41,600 Other 149,727 50,689 ---------- ---------- Total cash and cash equivalents 206,410 92,315 Accounts receivable: Associated companies 79,262 71,337 Other 4,140 2,522 Materials and supplies - at average cost 63,782 66,302 Deferred nuclear refueling outage costs 7,777 24,005 Prepayments and other 3,658 4,929 ---------- ---------- Total 365,029 261,410 ---------- ---------- Other Property and Investments: Decommissioning trust fund 85,912 62,223 ---------- ---------- Utility Plant: Electric 3,025,389 2,994,445 Electric plant under leases 440,970 447,409 Construction work in progress 36,445 41,362 Nuclear fuel under capital lease 64,190 83,558 ---------- ---------- Total 3,566,994 3,566,774 Less - accumulated depreciation and amortization 1,086,820 974,472 ---------- ---------- Utility plant - net 2,480,174 2,592,302 ---------- ---------- Deferred Debits and Other Assets: Regulatory assets: SFAS 109 regulatory asset - net 243,027 264,758 Unamortized loss on reacquired debt 51,386 57,785 Other regulatory assets 192,290 207,214 Other 14,213 15,601 ---------- ---------- Total 500,916 545,358 ---------- ---------- TOTAL $3,432,031 $3,461,293 ========== ========== See Notes to Financial Statements.
SYSTEM ENERGY RESOURCES, INC. BALANCE SHEETS LIABILITIES AND SHAREHOLDER'S EQUITY December 31, 1997 1996 (In Thousands) Current Liabilities: Currently maturing long-term debt $70,000 $10,000 Accounts payable: Associated companies 29,131 18,245 Other 19,122 18,836 Taxes accrued 75,675 67,823 Interest accrued 42,322 34,195 Obligations under capital leases 41,977 28,000 Other 1,341 2,306 ---------- ---------- Total 279,568 179,405 ---------- ---------- Deferred Credits and Other Liabilities: Accumulated deferred income taxes 562,051 624,020 Accumulated deferred investment tax credits 100,171 103,647 Obligations under capital leases 22,213 55,558 FERC Settlement - refund obligation 48,300 52,839 Other 227,847 165,517 ---------- ---------- Total 960,582 1,001,581 ---------- ---------- Long-term debt 1,341,948 1,418,869 Common Shareholder's Equity: Common stock, no par value, authorized 1,000,000 shares; issued and outstanding 789,350 shares 789,350 789,350 Retained earnings 60,583 72,088 ---------- ---------- Total 849,933 861,438 ---------- ---------- Commitments and Contingencies (Notes 2, 9 and 10) TOTAL $3,432,031 $3,461,293 ========== ========== See Notes to Financial Statements.
SYSTEM ENERGY RESOURCES, INC. STATEMENTS OF RETAINED EARNINGS For the Years Ended December 31, 1997 1996 1995 (In Thousands) Retained Earnings, January 1 $72,088 $85,920 $85,681 Add: Net income 102,295 98,668 93,039 Deduct: Dividends declared 113,800 112,500 92,800 -------- -------- -------- Retained Earnings, December 31 (Note 8) $60,583 $72,088 $85,920 ======== ======== ======== See Notes to Financial Statements.
SYSTEM ENERGY RESOURCES, INC. SELECTED FINANCIAL DATA - FIVE-YEAR COMPARISON 1997 1996 1995 1994 1993 (In Thousands) Operating revenues $ 633,698 $ 623,620 $ 605,639 $ 474,963 $ 650,768 Net income $ 102,295 $ 98,668 $ 93,039 $ 5,407 $ 93,927 Total assets $3,432,031 $3,461,293 $3,431,012 $3,613,359 $ 3,891,066 Long-term obligations (1) $1,364,161 $1,474,427 $1,264,024 $1,456,993 $ 1,536,593 Electric energy sales (GWH) 9,735 8,302 7,212 8,653 7,113 (1) Includes long-term debt (excluding current maturities) and noncurrent capital lease obligations.
REPORT OF INDEPENDENT ACCOUNTANTS To the Board of Directors and Shareholders of Entergy London Investments plc We have audited the accompanying consolidated balance sheet of Entergy London Investments plc and Subsidiary as of December 31, 1997, and the related consolidated statements of loss, retained earnings and cash flows for the year ended December 31, 1997. These financial statements are the responsibility of the Corporation's management. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on these financial statements based on our audit. We conducted our audit in accordance with generally accepted auditing standards. Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the financial statements are free of material misstatement. An audit includes examining, on a test basis, evidence supporting the amounts and disclosures in the financial statements. An audit also includes assessing the accounting principles used and significant estimates made by management, as well as evaluating the overall financial statement presentation. We believe that our audit provides a reasonable basis for our opinion. In our opinion, the consolidated financial statements referred to above present fairly, in all material respects, the financial position of Entergy London Investments plc and Subsidiary as of December 31, 1997, and the results of their operations and their cash flows for the year ended December 31, 1997 in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles. COOPERS & LYBRAND L.L.P. New Orleans, Louisiana March 4, 1998 ENTERGY LONDON INVESTMENTS PLC AND SUBSIDIARY MANAGEMENT'S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS Background Entergy London (formerly Entergy Power UK plc) was incorporated as a public limited company under the laws of England and Wales in October 1996, as a vehicle for the acquisition of London Electricity. In February 1997, Entergy London gained effective control of London Electricity, having acquired over 90% of its shares. In May 1997, Entergy London acquired the remaining shares of London Electricity. Total consideration for the acquisition was approximately $2.0 billion, based on the exchange rate at the time of the acquisition. Entergy London's sole significant asset is the stock of London Electricity. Entergy London has no operations outside of its investment in London Electricity. Accounting for the Acquisition Entergy London's acquisition of London Electricity effective February 1, 1997 was accounted for as a purchase in accordance with US GAAP. Accordingly, the results of operations of London Electricity have been consolidated into the results of operations for Entergy London beginning on such date. In accordance with the purchase method of accounting, Entergy London has allocated the price paid for London Electricity to London Electricity's assets and liabilities based on their estimated fair market values with the remainder allocated to London Electricity's distribution license which represents an other identifiable intangible asset. The assets and liabilities acquired as of February 1, 1997 were as follows (in millions): Current assets $ 518.2 Network assets 2,134.3 Other long term assets 1,601.2 Current liabilities (614.8) Long term debt (333.9) Other long term liabilities (1,285.9) -------- Total purchase price $2,019.1 ======== The principal adjustments to London Electricity's historical cost of its assets and liabilities include: (a) increase in the value of network assets ($782.9 million); (b) increase in pension asset for defined benefit pension plan under US GAAP ($108.6 million); (c) recordation of distribution license ($1,335.8 million); and (d) recordation of liability for unfavorable long term contracts ($159.4 million). Additionally, the Company provided for the deferred income tax effect of these adjustments at a rate of 33%, which is included in other long term liabilities. Entergy London is amortizing the adjustments for network assets and the distribution license over estimated useful lives of 40 years and the adjustment for unfavorable long term contracts over their remaining lives ranging from 14 to 18 years. Entergy London's asset recorded for the defined benefit pension plan will be increased or decreased on a prospective basis based on future actuarial studies of the plan's projected benefit obligation and fair value of pension plan assets. The liability for unfavorable long term contracts is based on the estimated fair market value of these contracts over the present value of the future cash flows under the contracts at the applicable discount rates and prices. Although amortization of the liability for unfavorable long-term contracts will reduce the expense related to these contracts, it will not impact Entergy London's actual payments or cash flow obligations. London Electricity has utilized a portion of the pension plan surplus to increase benefits to members and reduce employer and employee contributions. A recent court ruling in the UK upheld such uses of pension surplus. However, the decision is under appeal and should the decision be reversed on appeal, Entergy London could be required to repay pension surplus utilized and recompute Entergy London's prepaid pension asset, which was $241 million at December 31, 1997. ENTERGY LONDON INVESTMENTS PLC AND SUBSIDIARY MANAGEMENT'S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS Results of Operations - Successor Company The following discussion compares the results of operations for the year ended December 31, 1997 for Entergy London with the results of operations of London Electricity for the ten month period ended January 31, 1997 (London Electricity's fiscal year ended on March 31, prior to its acquisition). The year ended December 31, 1997 for Entergy London includes eleven months results for London Electricity due to its acquisition on February 1, 1997. Periods prior to February 1, are included for comparative purposes, however, they do not include the effects of acquisition adjustments described above under "Accounting for the Acquisition". Operating Income Operating income was $187 million for the year ended December 31, 1997 which included London Electricity for the eleven month period from February 1, 1997 through December 31, 1997. This represented an increase of $18 million compared to the historical London Electricity results for the ten month period from April 1, 1996 through January 31, 1997. This increase was due principally to higher revenue from an additional month's results of operations in the later period and restructuring charges of $19 million during the earlier period. Partially offsetting this were increases of $59 million in depreciation and amortization expense due principally to acquisition adjustments and $17 million in other operation and maintenance costs. The above variances were all impacted by an increase in the US dollar to BPS average exchange rate from 1.58 to 1.00 in the ten month period from April 1, 1996 through January 31, 1997 to 1.64 to 1.00 for the eleven month period ending December 31, 1997. Operating income by segments for the year ended December 31, 1997 was $141 million, $15 million, and $31 million for the distribution, supply, and other segments, respectively. Income (loss) from those segments for the ten month period from April 1, 1996 through January 31, 1997 was $159 million, $(1) million, and $11 million, respectively. The decrease in distribution operating income was principally due to additional depreciation and amortization expense of $59 million in the later period attributable to acquisition adjustments for fixed assets and the distribution license based on 40-year useful lives partially offset by one additional month of operations in the later period. Increases in the supply and other segments are due principally to one additional month of operations in the later period and improved margins in the non-Franchise supply market and one-time charges in the period ending January 31, 1997 relating to the disposal of certain subsidiaries and associated undertakings. Net Income Net income decreased by $245 million, from $98 million during the period from April 1, 1996 to January 31, 1997, to a loss of $147 million for the year ended December 31, 1997. The net loss for the later period includes a one-time charge of $234 million (reflected in income taxes) for the windfall profits tax enacted by the UK government in July 1997. The windfall profits tax is not deductible for UK corporation tax purposes. This charge was partially offset by a reduction of $65 million in the Company's deferred income tax liability, in accordance with Statement of Financial Accounting Standards No. 109, "Accounting for Income Taxes," due to the UK government also reducing the UK corporation tax rate from 33% to 31%, effective April 1, 1997. Acquisition related adjustments including increased depreciation and amortization of approximately $59 million ($41 million after tax effect) and increased interest expense, principally on acquisition debt, of approximately $152 million ($105 million after tax effect) also contributed to the reduction in net income. The increase in operating income of $18 million ($12 million after tax effect) and an increase in interest and dividend income of $17 million ($12 million after tax effect) partially offset the above impacts. ENTERGY LONDON INVESTMENTS PLC AND SUBSIDIARY MANAGEMENT'S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS Revenues Operating revenues increased by $82 million (5%) from $1,765 million during the ten month period from April 1, 1996 to January 31, 1997 to $1,847 million for the year ended December 31, 1997, as follows: Operating Revenues Increase (Decrease) from ten-month Period from April 1, 1996 through January 31, 1997 to the year ended December 31, 1997 (In millions) Electricity distribution $64 Electricity supply 26 Other (4) Intra-business (4) --- Total operating revenues $82 === Two principal factors determine the amount of revenues produced by the main electricity distribution business: the unit price of the electricity distributed (which is controlled by the Distribution Price Control Formula) and the number of electricity units distributed which depends on the demand of London Electricity's customers for electricity within its Franchise Area. Demand varies based upon weather conditions and economic activity. Following London Electricity's regulatory distribution price review in 1994, London Electricity's allowable expected distribution revenues were reduced by 14%, during the fiscal year ended March 31, 1996. Subsequently, the Regulator announced a further allowed distribution price reduction of 11% beginning April 1, 1996, and an additional 3%, beginning April 1, 1997. These price reductions have reduced and will continue to reduce London Electricity's distribution revenues. Revenues from the distribution business increased by $64 million (15%) from $435 million for the ten month period from April 1, 1996 to January 31, 1997 to $499 million for the year ended December 31, 1997, principally due to an 11% increase in units distributed as a result of there being eleven months of London Electricity operations in the year ended December 31, 1997 compared to only ten months in the earlier period. Also contributing to the total increase was the increase in the U.S. dollars to BPS exchange rate during the year ended December 31, 1997. Two principal factors determine the amount of revenues produced by the supply business: the unit price of the electricity supplied (which, in the case of the franchise supply customers, is controlled by the Supply Price Control Formula) and the number of electricity units supplied. London Electricity is expected to have the exclusive right to supply all franchise supply customers in its Franchise Area until late 1998. Franchise supply customers, who are generally residential and small commercial customers, comprised 56% of total sales volume for the February 1, 1997 through December 31, 1997 period of London Electricity's inclusion in Entergy London's 1997 results of operations. The volume of unit sales of electricity for franchise supply customers is influenced largely by the number of customers in London Electricity's Franchise Area, weather conditions and prevailing economic conditions. Unit sales to non-franchise supply customers, who are typically large commercial and industrial businesses, constituted 44% of total sales volume for the period from ENTERGY LONDON INVESTMENTS PLC AND SUBSIDIARY MANAGEMENT'S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS February 1, 1997 through December 31, 1997. Sales to non-franchise supply customers are determined primarily by the success of the supply business in contracting to supply customers with electricity who are located both inside and outside London Electricity's Franchise Area. During the February 1, 1997 through December 31, 1997 period that London Electricity was included in Entergy London's 1997 results of operations, the number of electricity units supplied increased by 5% while total revenues produced by the supply business increased by 2% ($26 million) to $1,689 million from $1,663 million for the ten month period from April 1, 1996 to January 31, 1997. While volume increased for both Franchise Supply Customers and Non-Franchise Supply Customers due to the additional month included in the later period, this was partially offset by lower average unit prices for both customer categories. Reductions in prices for Franchise Supply Customers are due primarily to pass-through of reduced costs of purchased power. Reductions in prices for Non-Franchise Supply Customers are due primarily to competitive pressures in this market as purchased power costs decline. Other revenues for the February 1, 1997 through December 31, 1997 period that London Electricity was included in Entergy London's 1997 results of operations were $103 million, a decrease of $4 million compared to the ten month period from April 1, 1996 to January 31, 1997. This was due principally to reduced revenues in the contracting business and the exclusion of revenues from subsidiaries disposed of in the period ending January 31, 1997. Expenses Operating expenses increased by $64 million (4%) from $1,596 million in the ten month period from April 1, 1996 to January 31, 1997 to $1,660 million in the February 1, 1997 through December 31, 1997 period that London Electricity was included in Entergy London's 1997 results of operations. This increase was due principally to one additional month's operations in the later period and to increases of $59 million in depreciation and amortization expense related to the acquisition adjustments for fixed assets and distribution license based on 40-year useful lives and of $17 million in other operation and maintenance costs. These increases were partially offset by restructuring charges of $19 million during the earlier period and a decrease in purchase power costs due to a decline in the average purchase price per unit which was offset by an increase in the exchange rate. Also contributing to the total increase was the increase in the U.S. dollars to BPS exchange rate during the year ended December 31, 1997. Other Interest Expense, Net Interest expense, net increased by $152 million from $27 million during the ten month period from April 1, 1996 to January 31, 1997 to $179 million for the year ended December 31, 1997. This increase was principally as a result of the financing costs associated with the debt facilities entered into to finance the acquisition of London Electricity, effective February 1, 1997. ENTERGY LONDON INVESTMENTS PLC AND SUBSIDIARY MANAGEMENT'S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS Income Taxes Entergy London's effective income tax rate was approximately 596% and 34% for the year ended December 31, 1997, and for the ten month period from April 1, 1996 to January 31, 1997, respectively. The effective rate in the 1997 period was affected by the recording of a one-time charge of $234 million during the year ended December 31, 1997 for the windfall profits tax enacted by the UK government in July 1997 and the non-deductibility, for UK corporation tax purposes, of this charge. This impact was partially offset by the $65 million favorable impact of the reduction in the UK corporation tax rate from 33% to 31%, as discussed above. Entergy London's 34% effective income tax rate for the ten month period from April 1, 1996 to January 31, 1997, approximated the statutory rate of 33%.
ENTERGY LONDON INVESTMENTS PLC AND SUBSIDIARY CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF LOSS For the Year Ended December 31, 1997 (In Thousands) Operating Revenues $1,847,042 Operating Expenses: Purchased power 1,222,034 Depreciation and amortization 121,365 Other operation and maintenance costs 316,833 ---------- Total 1,660,232 ---------- Operating Income 186,810 ---------- Other income (deductions): Interest and dividend income 22,328 Miscellaneous - net (803) ---------- Total 21,525 ---------- Interest Charges: Distributions on preferred securities of subsidiaries 3,019 Other interest - net 175,628 ---------- Total 178,647 ---------- Income Before Income Taxes 29,688 Income tax expense 177,023 ---------- Net Loss ($147,335) ========== See Notes to Financial Statements.
ENTERGY LONDON INVESTMENTS PLC AND SUBSIDIARY CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF CASH FLOWS For the Year Ended December 31, 1997 (In Thousands) Operating Activities: Net loss ($147,335) Noncash items included in net income: Depreciation and amortization 121,365 Deferred income taxes (56,217) Changes in assets and liabilities: Inventory 375 Accounts receivable and unbilled revenue (66,019) Other receivables 42,506 Prepayments and other (4,340) Long-term receivables and other 4,546 Accounts payable 116,091 Income taxes accrued 81,568 Interest accrued (8,270) Deferred revenue and other current liabilities (32,383) Other liabilities (37,002) Other 36,372 ---------- Net cash flow provided by operating activities 51,257 ---------- Investing Activities: Construction expenditures (181,165) Acquisition of London Electricity, net of cash acquired (1,951,701) Other investments 1,321 ---------- Net cash flow used in investing activities (2,131,545) ---------- Financing Activities: Proceeds from the issuance of: Bank notes and other long-term debt 1,559,748 Common Stock 505,953 Preferred securities of subsidiary partnership 300,000 Payment of long-term debt (259,428) Changes in short-term borrowings - net (25,460) ---------- Net cash flow provided by financing activities 2,080,813 ---------- Effect of exchange rates on cash and cash equivalents (10,615) ---------- Net decrease in cash and cash equivalents (10,090) Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period 54,478 ---------- Cash and cash equivalents at end of period $44,388 ========== SUPPLEMENTAL DISCLOSURE OF CASH FLOW INFORMATION: Cash paid for interest $139,578 Cash paid for income taxes $127,585 See Notes to Financial Statements.
ENTERGY LONDON INVESTMENTS PLC AND SUBSIDIARY CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEET ASSETS December 31, 1997 (In Thousands) Current Assets: Cash and cash equivalents Cash $ - Temporary cash investments 44,388 ---------- Total cash and cash equivalents 44,388 Notes receivable 7,364 Accounts receivable: Customer (less allowance for doubtful accounts of $21.9 million) 139,265 Other 39,764 Accrued unbilled revenue 262,818 Accumulated deferred income taxes 12,401 Inventory 1,976 Prepayments and other 13,623 ---------- Total 521,599 ---------- Property, Plant, and Equipment: Property, plant and equipment 2,283,549 Construction work in progress 81,306 ---------- Total 2,364,855 Less - accumulated depreciation and amortization 90,021 ---------- Property, plant, and equipment - net 2,274,834 ---------- Other Property, Investments, and Assets: Investments, long-term 11,413 Distribution license (net of accumulated amortization of $31.1 million) 1,327,312 Long-term receivables 17,172 Prepaid pension asset 241,216 Other 10,079 ---------- Total 1,607,192 ---------- TOTAL $4,403,625 ========== See Notes to Financial Statements.
ENTERGY LONDON INVESTMENTS PLC AND SUBSIDIARY CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEET LIABILITIES AND SHAREHOLDERS' EQUITY December 31, 1997 (In Thousands) Current Liabilities: Currently maturing long-term debt $33,814 Notes payable 240,794 Accounts payable 349,821 Customer deposits 24,946 Taxes accrued 120,981 Interest accrued 14,201 Other 805 ---------- Total 785,362 ---------- Other Liabilities: Accumulated deferred income taxes 995,865 Other 250,470 ---------- Total 1,246,335 ---------- Long-term debt 1,706,096 Company-obligated redeemable preferred securities of subsidiary partnership holding solely junior subordinated deferrable debentures 300,000 Shareholders' Equity: Common stock, BPS1 par value, authorized, issued, and outstanding 50,000 shares 114,081 Paid-in capital 391,900 Accumulated deficit (132,390) Cumulative foreign currency translation adjustment (7,759) ---------- Total 365,832 ---------- Commitments and Contingencies (Notes 2, 9 and 10) TOTAL $4,403,625 ========== See Notes to Financial Statements.
ENTERGY LONDON INVESTMENTS PLC AND SUBSIDIARY STATEMENT OF CONSOLIDATED RETAINED EARNINGS For the Year Ended December 31, 1997 (In Thousands) Retained Earnings, January 1 $ - Add: Net loss (147,335) Imputed interest on parent company debt 14,945 --------- Accumulated Deficit, December 31 ($132,390) ========= See Notes to Financial Statements.
ENTERGY LONDON INVESTMENTS PLC AND SUBSIDIARY SELECTED FINANCIAL DATA 1997 (In Thousands) Operating revenues $1,847,042 Net loss $(147,335) Total assets $4,403,625 Long-term obligations (1) $2,006,096 (1) Includes long-term debt (excluding currently maturing debt) and preferred securities of subsidiary partnership. ENTERGY CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS NOTE 1. SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES (Entergy Corporation, Entergy Arkansas, Entergy Gulf States, Entergy Louisiana, Entergy Mississippi, Entergy New Orleans, System Energy, and Entergy London) The accompanying consolidated financial statements include the accounts of Entergy Corporation and its direct and indirect subsidiaries, including the domestic utility companies, System Energy, and Entergy London, whose financial statements are included in this document. Except for London Electricity, which was the predecessor company to Entergy London (see Note 13), the financial statements presented herein result from these companies having registered securities with the SEC. All significant intercompany transactions have been eliminated. Entergy Corporation's domestic utility subsidiaries maintain accounts in accordance with FERC and other regulatory guidelines. Certain previously reported amounts have been reclassified to conform to current classifications, with no effect on net income or shareholders' equity. Use of Estimates in the Preparation of Financial Statements The preparation of Entergy Corporation and its subsidiaries' financial statements, in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles, requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities, and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses. Adjustments to the reported amounts of assets and liabilities may be necessary in the future to the extent that future estimates or actual results are different from the estimates used. Revenues and Fuel Costs Entergy Arkansas, Entergy Louisiana, and Entergy Mississippi generate, transmit, and distribute electricity (primarily to retail customers) in Arkansas, Louisiana, and Mississippi, respectively. Entergy Gulf States generates, transmits, and distributes electricity primarily to retail customers in Texas and Louisiana; distributes gas at retail primarily in Baton Rouge, Louisiana, and also sells steam to a large refinery complex in Baton Rouge. Entergy New Orleans sells both electricity and gas to retail customers in the City of New Orleans (except for Algiers, where Entergy Louisiana is the electricity supplier). London Electricity, Entergy London's sole asset, distributes and supplies electricity to customers in the London metropolitan area. System Energy's operating revenues recover operating expenses, depreciation, and capital costs attributable to Grand Gulf 1 from Entergy Arkansas, Entergy Louisiana, Entergy Mississippi, and Entergy New Orleans. Capital costs are computed by allowing a return on System Energy's common equity funds allocable to its net investment in Grand Gulf 1, plus System Energy's effective interest cost for its debt allocable to its investment in Grand Gulf 1. See Note 2 for a discussion of System Energy's proposed rate increase. A portion of Entergy Arkansas' and Entergy Louisiana's purchase of power from Grand Gulf has not been included in the determination of the cost of service to retail customers by the APSC and LPSC, respectively, as described in Note 2. The domestic utility companies and Entergy London accrue estimated revenues for energy delivered since the latest billings. Entergy London records revenue net of value-added tax. The domestic utility companies' rate schedules include either fuel adjustment clauses or fixed fuel factors, both of which allow either current recovery or deferrals of fuel costs until such costs are reflected in the related revenues. Fixed fuel factors remain in effect until changed as part of a general rate case, fuel reconciliation, or fixed fuel factor filing. Entergy London purchases power primarily from the wholesale trading market for electricity in England and Wales (Electricity Pool). The Electricity Pool monitors supply and demand between generators and suppliers, sets prices for generation, and provides centralized settlement of amounts due between generators and suppliers. Price Control Certain supply customers of Entergy London are subject to price control formulas through December 1998 which allow a maximum charge per unit of electricity. Distribution customers are subject to price control formulas which allow a maximum charge per unit of electricity. Differences in the charges, or in the purchase cost of electricity, can result in the under or over-recovery of revenues in a particular year. Where there is an over-recovery of supply or distribution business revenues against the regulated maximum allowable amount, revenues are deferred in an amount equivalent to the over-recovered amount. The deferred amount is deducted from operating revenues and included in other liabilities. Where there is an under-recovery, no asset is recorded in anticipation of any potential future recovery. Utility Plant Utility plant is stated at original cost. The original cost of utility plant retired or removed, plus the applicable removal costs, less salvage, is charged to accumulated depreciation. Maintenance, repairs, and minor replacement costs are charged to operating expenses. Substantially all of the utility plant is subject to liens from mortgage bond indentures. Utility plant includes the portions of Grand Gulf 1 and Waterford 3 that have been sold and leased back. For financial reporting purposes, these sale and leaseback arrangements are reflected as financing transactions. Net utility plant, by company and functional category, as of December 31, 1997 is shown below (in millions):
Entergy Entergy Entergy Entergy Entergy System Entergy Production Entergy Arkansas Gulf States Louisiana Mississippi New Orleans Energy London Nuclear $ 7,559 $ 951 $ 2,312 $ 1,940 $ - $ - $2,356 $ - Other 1,538 366 631 224 213 14 - Transmission 1,703 450 467 329 304 21 10 - Distribution 5,370 916 788 731 424 162 - 1,976 Other 859 131 189 107 90 17 13 218 Plant acquisition adjustment- Entergy Gulf States 439 - - - - - - - Other 93 - 32 - - 61 - - Construction Work in Progress 566 123 90 52 23 19 37 81 Nuclear Fuel (leased and owned) 342 93 78 59 - - 64 - Accumulated Provision For Decommissioning (1) (336) (227) (49) (60) - - - - ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Utility Plant - Net $18,133 $ 2,803 $ 4,538 $ 3,382 $ 1,054 $ 294 $2,480 $ 2,275 ======================================================================================== (1) System Energy's decommissioning liability is recorded on the Balance Sheet in "Deferred Credits and Other Liabilities - Other" Depreciation is computed on the straight-line basis at rates based on the estimated service lives and costs of removal of the various classes of property. Depreciation rates on average depreciable property are shown below:
Entergy Entergy Entergy Entergy Entergy System Entergy Entergy Arkansas Gulf States Louisiana Mississippi New Orleans Energy London 1997 3.2% 3.1% 2.8% 3.0% 2.5% 3.1% 3.4% 4.4% 1996 3.0% 3.2% 2.7% 3.0% 2.4% 3.1% 3.3% N/A 1995 2.9% 3.3% 2.7% 3.0% 2.4% 3.1% 2.9% N/A
AFUDC represents the approximate net composite interest cost of borrowed funds and a reasonable return on the equity funds used for construction. Although AFUDC increases both utility plant and earnings, it is only realized in cash through depreciation provisions included in rates. Jointly-Owned Generating Stations Certain Entergy Corporation subsidiaries jointly own electric generating facilities with third parties, and record the investments and expenses associated with these generating stations to the extent of their respective undivided ownership interests. As of December 31, 1997, the subsidiaries' investment and accumulated depreciation in each of these generating stations were as follows:
Total Megawatt Accumulated Generating Stations Fuel Capability Ownership Investment Depreciation Type (In Thousands) Entergy Arkansas Independence Unit 1 Coal 836 31.50% $117,515 $45,471 Common Facilities Coal 15.75% 29,568 10,591 White Bluff Units 1 and 2 Coal 1,659 57.00% 397,304 174,227 Entergy Gulf States (1) Roy S. Nelson Unit 6 Coal 550 70.00% 400,409 177,305 Big Cajun 2 Unit 3 Coal 540 42.00% 222,957 92,960 Entergy Mississippi - Independence Units 1 and 2 Coal 1,678 25.00% 224,081 85,860 System Energy - Grand Gulf Unit 1 Nuclear 1,200 90.00%(2) 3,454,067 1,086,820 Entergy Power - Independence Unit 2 Coal 842 21.50% 121,138 41,883
(1)On December 23, 1997, Cajun's 30% ownership interest in River Bend Unit 1, a 936 MW nuclear unit located near St. Francisville, Louisiana, was transferred to Entergy Gulf States, which previously had owned the other 70% of the unit. See Note 9. (2)Includes an 11.5% leasehold interest held by System Energy. See Note 10. Income Taxes Entergy Corporation and its subsidiaries file a U.S. consolidated federal income tax return. Income taxes are allocated to the subsidiaries in proportion to their contribution to consolidated taxable income. SEC regulations require that no Entergy Corporation subsidiary pay more taxes than it would have paid if a separate income tax return had been filed. Entergy London, as a member of an affiliated group in the UK, is eligible for group relief. Group relief enables current losses to be surrendered by one affiliated company to another affiliated company. It is the policy of Entergy London's affiliated group to apply the group relief provisions in order to minimize the UK corporation income tax of the group. In accordance with SFAS 109, "Accounting for Income Taxes", deferred income taxes are recorded for all temporary differences between the book and tax basis of assets and liabilities, and for certain credits available for carryforward. Deferred tax assets are reduced by a valuation allowance when, in the opinion of management, it is more likely than not that some portion of the deferred tax assets will not be realized. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are adjusted for the effects of changes in tax laws and rates on the date of enactment. Investment tax credits are deferred and amortized based upon the average useful life of the related property, in accordance with rate treatment. Distribution Licenses Distribution licenses represent the identifiable intangible assets related to Entergy London and CitiPower which exclusively permit distribution services to be provided within defined territories. These licenses are being amortized over 40 years using the straight-line method. Entergy's future net cash flows are expected to be sufficient to recover the amortization of the cost of the CitiPower and Entergy London licenses. Reacquired Debt The premiums and costs associated with reacquired debt of the domestic utility companies and System Energy (except that allocable to the deregulated operations of Entergy Gulf States) are being amortized over the life of the related new issuances, in accordance with ratemaking treatment. Cash and Cash Equivalents Entergy considers all unrestricted highly liquid debt instruments purchased with an original maturity of three months or less to be cash equivalents. Investments Entergy applies the provisions of SFAS 115, "Accounting for Investments for Certain Debt and Equity Securities", in accounting for investments. As a result, Entergy has recorded on the consolidated balance sheet an additional $53 million in decommissioning trust funds of the domestic utility companies. Such increase represents the amount by which the fair value of the securities held in such funds exceeds the amounts deposited from rate recovery, plus the related earnings on the amounts deposited. In accordance with the regulatory treatment for decommissioning trust funds, Entergy has recorded an offsetting amount in unrealized gains on investment securities as a regulatory liability in other deferred credits. Entergy London accounts for investments whose fair market values are readily determinable in accordance with SFAS 115. These securities are considered available-for-sale securities under SFAS 115 and their fair values approximate cost. Other securities whose fair market values are not readily determinable and in which Entergy London does not have a significant interest are recorded at cost. Investments in which Entergy London's ownership interest ranges from 20% to 50%, or which are less than 20% owned but over which Entergy London exercises significant influence over operating and financial policies, are accounted for using the equity method. The following are Entergy London's principal equity method investments as of December 31, 1997: Investment Percentage Ownership Thames Valley Power Ltd 50% London Total Energy Ltd 50% Barking Power Limited 13.5% These investments were acquired effective February 1, 1997, as part of Entergy's acquisition of London Electricity. Foreign Currency Translation In accordance with SFAS 52, "Foreign Currency Translation," all assets and liabilities of Entergy's foreign subsidiaries are translated into U.S. dollars at the exchange rate in effect at the end of the period, and revenues and expenses are translated at average exchange rates prevailing during the period. The resulting translation adjustments are reflected in a separate component of shareholders' equity. Current exchange rates are used for U.S. dollar disclosures of future obligations denominated in foreign currencies. No representation is made that the foreign currency denominated amounts have been, could have been, or could be converted into U.S. dollars at the rates indicated or at any other rates. Earnings per Share - SFAS 128 The FASB issued SFAS 128, "Earnings per Share", in February 1997, effective for calendar year-end 1997 financial statements. Entergy adopted SFAS 128 and has included a dual presentation of basic and diluted earnings per share on its consolidated statement of income. The average number of common shares outstanding for the presentation of diluted earnings per share for the years 1997, 1996, and 1995 were greater by approximately 90,000, 91,000, and 60,000 shares, respectively, than the number of such shares for the presentation of basic earnings per share due to Entergy's stock option and other stock compensation plans discussed more fully in Note 5. Options to purchase approximately 120,000, 235,000, and 155,000 shares of common stock at various prices were outstanding at the end of 1997, 1996, and 1995, respectively, but were not included in the computation of diluted earnings per share because the options' exercise prices were greater than the market price of the common shares at the end of each of the years presented. Application of SFAS 71 The domestic utility companies and System Energy currently account for the effects of regulation pursuant to SFAS 71, "Accounting for the Effects of Certain Types of Regulation". This statement applies to the financial statements of a rate-regulated enterprise that meets three criteria. The enterprise must have rates that (i) are approved by the regulator; (ii) are cost-based; and (iii) can be charged to and collected from customers. These criteria may also be applied to separable portions of a utility's business, such as the generation or transmission functions, or to specific classes of customers. If an enterprise meets these criteria, it may capitalize costs that would otherwise be charged to expense if the rate actions of its regulator make it probable that those costs will be recovered in future revenue. Such capitalized costs are reflected as regulatory assets in the accompanying financial statements. SFAS 71 requires that rate-regulated enterprises assess the probability of recovering their regulatory assets at each balance sheet date. When an enterprise concludes that recovery of a regulatory asset is no longer probable, the regulatory asset must be removed from the entity's balance sheet. SFAS 101, "Accounting for the Discontinuation of Application of FASB Statement No. 71", specifies how an enterprise that ceases to meet the criteria for application of SFAS 71 for all or part of its operations should report that event in its financial statements. In general, SFAS 101 requires that the enterprise report the discontinuation of the application of SFAS 71 by eliminating from its balance sheet all regulatory assets and liabilities related to the applicable segment. Additionally, if it is determined that a regulated enterprise is no longer recovering all of its costs and therefore no longer qualifies for SFAS 71 accounting, it is possible that an impairment (see further discussion below) may exist which could require further write-offs of plant assets. During 1997, EITF 97-4: "Deregulation of the Pricing of Electricity - Issues Related to the Application of FASB Statements No. 71 and 101" was issued and specifies that SFAS 71 should be discontinued at a date no later than when the details of the transition to competition plan for all or a portion of the entity subject to such plan are known. However, other factors could cause the discontinuation of SFAS 71 before that date. Additionally, EITF 97-4 promulgates that regulatory assets to be recovered through cash flows derived from another portion of the entity which continues to apply SFAS 71 should not be written off; rather, they should be considered regulatory assets of the segment which will continue to apply SFAS 71. As of December 31, 1997, the majority of the domestic utility companies' and System Energy's operations continue to meet each of the criteria required for the use of SFAS 71, and the companies have recorded significant regulatory assets. During 1996, FERC issued Orders No. 888 and 889, which require utilities to provide open access to their transmission system to promote a more competitive market for wholesale power sales. As described in Note 2, the domestic utility companies have filed transition to competition proposals with their regulators providing, among other things, for accelerated recovery of certain capitalized costs to facilitate for an orderly transition to a competitive retail power market. In response to these filings, certain regulatory commissions have begun proceedings to consider retail competition in their jurisdictions. Regulators have generally deferred action on the plans in lieu of their general proceedings on competition. Entergy cannot, at this time, predict the completion dates or ultimate outcome of all of these proceedings. Accordingly, the domestic utility companies and System Energy anticipate that they will continue to meet the criteria for the application of SFAS 71 in the foreseeable future. Entergy's foreign utility operations are not subject to cost-based rate regulation in the jurisdictions in which they operate, but rather are subject to price cap regulation in certain instances and to competitive market forces in other instances. Therefore, the provisions of SFAS 71 do not apply to Entergy's foreign utility operations. Domestic Deregulated Operations Entergy Gulf States discontinued regulatory accounting principles for its wholesale jurisdiction and its steam department during 1989 and for the Louisiana retail deregulated portion of River Bend in 1991. The results of these deregulated operations (before interest charges) for the years ended December 31, 1997, 1996, and 1995 are as follows: 1997 1996 1995 (In Thousands) Operating Revenues $155,471 $174,751 $141,171 Operating Expenses: Fuel, operating, and maintenance 89,987 119,784 115,799 Depreciation 36,351 31,455 31,129 ------- ------- ------- Total Operating Expenses 126,338 151,239 146,928 Income Taxes 9,416 9,598 (6,979) ------- ------- ------- Net Income from Deregulated Utility $19,717 $13,914 $1,222 Operations ======= ======= ======= The net investment associated with these deregulated operations was approximately $964 million as of December 31, 1997, which includes Cajun's interest in River Bend which was transferred by Cajun's Trustee in Bankruptcy to Entergy Gulf States in late 1997 at a fair value of $139 million, based on management's estimate of such value at the time of transfer. Impairment of Long-Lived Assets Note 2 describes regulatory assets of $169 million (net of tax) related to Texas retail deferred River Bend operating and carrying costs which were written off upon the adoption of SFAS 121, "Accounting for the Impairment of Long-Lived Assets and for Long- Lived Assets to be Disposed Of" (SFAS 121), in the first quarter of 1996. In accordance with the provisions of SFAS 121, Entergy periodically reviews long-lived assets whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that recoverability of these assets is uncertain. Generally, the determination of recoverability is based on the net cash flows expected to result from such operations and assets. Projected net cash flows depend on the future operating costs associated with the assets, the efficiency and availability of the assets and generating units, and the future market and price for energy over the remaining life of the assets. Based on current estimates of future cash flows, management anticipates that future revenues from such assets and operations of Entergy will fully recover all related costs. Assets regulated under traditional cost-of-service ratemaking, and thereby subject to SFAS 71 accounting, are generally not subject to impairment, because this form of regulation is designed to assure that all allowed costs are subject to recovery. However, certain deregulated assets and other operations of the domestic utility companies totaling approximately $1.5 billion (pre-tax) could be affected in the future. Those assets include Entergy Arkansas' and Entergy Louisiana's retained shares of Grand Gulf 1, Entergy Gulf States' Louisiana deregulated asset plan, the Texas jurisdiction abeyed portion of the River Bend plant, and wholesale jurisdiction and steam department operations. Change in Accounting for Nuclear Refueling Outage Costs (Entergy Corporation, Entergy Arkansas, and System Energy) In December 1995, at the recommendation of FERC, Entergy Arkansas changed its method of accounting for nuclear refueling outage costs. The change, effective January 1, 1995, results in Entergy Arkansas deferring incremental maintenance costs incurred during an outage and amortizing those costs over the operating period immediately following the nuclear refueling outage, which is the period when the charges are billed to customers. Previously, estimated costs of refueling outages were accrued over the period (generally 18 months) preceding each scheduled outage. The effect of the change for the year ended December 31, 1995, was to decrease net income by $5.1 million (net of income taxes of $3.3 million) or $.02 per share. The cumulative effect of the change was to increase net income $35.4 million (net of income taxes of $22.9 million) or $.15 per share. System Energy filed a rate increase request with FERC in May 1995 (see Note 2), which, among other things, proposed a change in the accounting recognition of nuclear refueling outage costs from that of expensing those costs as incurred to the deferral and amortization method described above with respect to Entergy Arkansas. As described in Note 2, the FERC ALJ issued an initial decision in this proceeding in July 1996, agreeing to the change in recognition of outage costs proposed by System Energy. Accordingly, System Energy deferred the refueling outage costs incurred in the fourth quarter of 1996. As of December 31, 1996, System Energy's current assets included $24.0 million in deferred nuclear refueling outage costs which are being amortized over the next fuel cycle (approximately 18 months). Amortization of these costs in the fourth quarter of 1996 and in 1997 amounted to $1.2 million and $16.4 million, respectively, and the deferred outage costs amounted to $7.8 million as of December 31, 1997. This change has no impact on the net income of either Entergy or System Energy because System Energy will recover the refueling outage costs from Entergy Arkansas, Entergy Louisiana, Entergy Mississippi, and Entergy New Orleans, and these companies, in turn, will recover these costs from their ratepayers. Derivative Financial Instruments Entergy uses a variety of derivative financial instruments, including interest rate and foreign currency swaps, natural gas and electricity futures, natural gas and electricity options, and energy trading swaps and contracts for differences, as a part of its overall risk management strategy. Entergy accounts for its derivative financial instruments in accordance with SFAS No. 80, "Accounting for Futures Contracts," SFAS No. 52, "Foreign Currency Translation," and various EITF pronouncements. If the interest rate swaps were to be sold or terminated, any gain or loss would be deferred and amortized over the remaining life of the debt instrument being hedged by the interest rate swap. If the debt instrument being hedged by the interest rate swaps were to be extinguished, any gain or loss attributable to the swap would be recognized in the period of the transaction. Entergy uses energy trading swaps and contracts for differences primarily to hedge its UK and Australian supply businesses against the price risk of electricity purchases. Use of these instruments is carried out within the framework of Entergy's purchasing strategy and hedging guidelines. Risk of loss is monitored through establishment of approved counterparties and maximum counterparty limits and minimum credit ratings. Entergy recognizes gains or losses on these instruments when settlement is made on a basis consistent with the treatment of the underlying energy customer contract being hedged. Entergy's domestic energy and natural gas marketing business enters into sales and purchases of electricity and natural gas for delivery up to 12 months in the future. To hedge price risk on such transactions, this business utilizes natural gas and electricity futures and option contracts. Gains or losses are recognized on such instruments when settlement is made on a basis consistent with treatment of the underlying sales and purchases of electricity and natural gas. See Notes 6, 7, and 9 for additional information concerning Entergy's derivative instruments outstanding as of December 31, 1997. Fair Value Disclosures The estimated fair value of financial instruments was determined using bid prices reported by dealer markets and by nationally recognized investment banking firms. The estimated fair value of derivative financial instruments is based on market quotes of the applicable interest or foreign currency exchange rates, or a survey of foreign Electricity Pool forward prices. Considerable judgment is required in developing the estimates of fair value. Therefore, estimates are not necessarily indicative of the amounts that Entergy could realize in a current market exchange. In addition, gains or losses realized on financial instruments held by regulated businesses may be reflected in future rates and therefore not accrue to the benefit or detriment of stockholders. Entergy considers the carrying amounts of financial instruments classified as current assets and liabilities to be a reasonable estimate of their fair value because of the short maturity of these instruments. In addition, Entergy does not expect that performance of its obligations will be required in connection with certain off-balance sheet commitments and guarantees considered financial instruments. For these reasons, and because of the related-party nature of these commitments and guarantees, determination of fair value is not considered practicable. See Notes 5, 7, and 9 for additional disclosure. NOTE 2. RATE AND REGULATORY MATTERS River Bend (Entergy Corporation and Entergy Gulf States) In 1988 the PUCT granted Entergy Gulf States a permanent increase in annual revenues of $59.9 million resulting from the inclusion in rate base of approximately $1.6 billion of company-wide River Bend plant investment and approximately $182 million of related Texas retail jurisdiction deferred River Bend costs (Allowed Deferrals). At the same time, the PUCT disallowed as imprudent $63.5 million of company-wide River Bend plant costs and placed in abeyance, with no finding as to prudence, approximately $1.4 billion of company-wide River Bend plant investment and approximately $157 million of Texas retail jurisdiction deferred River Bend operating and carrying costs (Abeyed Deferrals). As a result of the application of the company's long-lived asset impairment policy, Entergy Gulf States wrote off Abeyed Deferrals of $169 million, net of tax, effective January 1, 1996. The PUCT's order has been the subject of several appellate proceedings, culminating in an appeal to the Texas Supreme Court (Supreme Court). On January 31, 1997, the Supreme Court issued an opinion reversing the PUCT's order and remanding the case to the PUCT for further proceedings. On January 14, 1998, the commissioners of the PUCT voted by a 2 to 1 majority to disallow recovery of $1.4 billion of company-wide abeyed plant costs. The Texas share of these costs, which is not currently in rates, is approximately $624 million, based on 1988 costs and the jurisdictional allocation included in current rates. The PUCT is expected to enter an order pursuant to its vote, but has not yet done so. As of December 31, 1997, the River Bend plant costs disallowed for retail ratemaking purposes in Texas and the River Bend plant costs held in abeyance totaled (net of taxes and depreciation) approximately $12 million and $252 million, respectively. See "Filings with the PUCT and Texas Cities" below for information related to additional rulings by the PUCT and other retail rate proceedings as well as the proposed agreement in principle between the parties to the Entergy Gulf States rate proceedings in Texas. Retail Rate Proceedings Filings with the APSC (Entergy Corporation and Entergy Arkansas) On December 12, 1997, the APSC resolved the rate application that Entergy Arkansas filed in October 1996 by approving the settlement agreement among Entergy Arkansas and four other parties that was filed with the APSC on October 9, 1997. The settlement agreement as approved provides for accelerated amortization of Entergy Arkansas' Grand Gulf purchased power obligation in an amount totaling $165.3 million over the period January 1, 1999 through June 30, 2004, and the establishment of a transition cost account to collect earnings in excess of 11% return on equity through a streamlined annual earnings review for offset against stranded costs when retail access is implemented. Rates will be frozen for at least a three-year period. As of December 31, 1997, Entergy Arkansas established an estimated reserve of $16.6 million in the transition cost account. This estimated reserve will be trued up once the APSC has determined, in a mid-year streamlined earnings review procedure, the actual amount of 1997 overearnings that should go towards the transition cost account. The APSC's Order also established four generic dockets to address competition and transition issues that must be resolved prior to retail access. Finally, the APSC Order approved the rate decreases agreed to in the settlement agreement totaling $200 million over the two-year period 1998-1999, most involving the ending of the Grand Gulf deferrals and other mechanisms, such that the net income effect from these reductions is only approximately $22 million. In management's opinion, Entergy Arkansas continues to meet each of the criteria required for the application of SFAS 71. Refer to "Application of SFAS 71" in Note 1 for a discussion of SFAS 71 and 101, as well as EITF 97-4. Filings with the PUCT and Texas Cities (Entergy Corporation and Entergy Gulf States) In March 1994, the Texas Office of Public Utility Counsel and certain cities served by Entergy Gulf States instituted an investigation of the reasonableness of Entergy Gulf States' rates. On March 20, 1995, the PUCT ordered a retroactive annual base rate reduction of $52.9 million, which was amended to an annual level of $36.5 million. The PUCT's action was based, in part, upon a Texas Supreme Court decision not to require a utility to use the prospective tax benefits generated by disallowed expenses to reduce rates. The May 26, 1995, amended order no longer required Entergy Gulf States to pass such prospective tax benefits on to its customers. The rate refund ordered by the PUCT in its March 20, 1995, order, retroactive to March 31, 1994, was approximately $61.8 million (including interest) and was refunded to customers in September, October, and November 1995. Entergy Gulf States and other parties have appealed the PUCT order, but no assurance can be given as to the timing or outcome of the appeal. In December 1995, Entergy Gulf States filed a petition with the PUCT for reconciliation of fuel and purchased power expenses for the period January 1, 1994 through June 30, 1995. Entergy Gulf States believes that there was an under-recovered fuel balance, including interest, of $22.4 million as of June 1995. Hearings were concluded in October 1996, and in April 1997 the PUCT issued an order which approved recovery of approximately $18.8 million of the under-recovered fuel balance, including interest. In June 1997, the PUCT issued a subsequent order based on a rehearing, which reduced the approved recovery to $18.5 million. Entergy Gulf States has appealed portions of the PUCT's order to the Texas District Court. No assurance can be given as to the timing or outcome of these appeals. In accordance with the Merger agreement, Entergy Gulf States filed a rate proceeding with the PUCT in November 1996. In April 1996, certain cities served by Entergy Gulf States (Cities) instituted investigations of the reasonableness of Entergy Gulf States' rates. In May 1996, the Cities agreed to forego their pending investigation based on the assurance that any rate decrease ordered in the November 1996 filing would be retroactive to June 1, 1996, with accrued interest until refunded. The agreement further provides that no base rate increase will be retroactive. Subsequent to the November 1996 filing, the Cities passed ordinances reducing Entergy Gulf States' rates by $43.6 million. Entergy Gulf States has appealed these ordinances to the PUCT, and these appeals have been consolidated in the pending rate proceeding. Included in the November 1996 filing was a proposal to achieve an orderly transition to retail electric competition in Texas, similar to the filing described below that Entergy Gulf States made with the LPSC. This filing with the PUCT was litigated in four phases as follows: (i) fuel factor/fuel reconciliation phase, of which Entergy Gulf States believes there was an under-recovered fuel balance of $41.4 million, including interest, for the period July 1, 1995 through June 30, 1996; (ii) revenue requirement phase; (iii) cost allocation/rate design phase; and (iv) competitive issues phase. Hearings on all of the phases have been completed. A supplemental filing with respect to the fourth phase was made with the PUCT on April 4, 1997, outlining a comprehensive market reform proposal calling for the establishment of retail competition, service quality standards, a regional power exchange, and an independent system operator. Entergy Gulf States requested from the PUCT a reciprocal commitment to provide an opportunity for the full recovery of prudently incurred investments previously approved by regulators. The rebuttal testimony of Entergy Gulf States in the competition phase of the case modified its position to include elements from the 1997 proposed Texas legislation addressing retail access. Most notable were the provisions calling for a transition period through the year 2001 and rate reductions for residential and most commercial customers. The PUCT has not issued an order with respect to the completed phases. In addition to the January 14, 1998 ruling discussed above in "River Bend," the PUCT upheld an ALJ's ruling disallowing recovery of approximately $40 million of Entergy Services' affiliate costs allocated to Entergy Gulf States in Texas. Entergy Services is responsible for managing Entergy Gulf States' fossil generating plants and transmission and distribution systems, as well as providing human resources, accounting, and other necessary services to Entergy Gulf States and Entergy Corporation's other electric utility subsidiaries. In another matter, the PUCT also issued an order establishing service quality standards and rate of return adjustments for Entergy Gulf States and its Texas retail service territory. A portion of the adjustments will be retroactive and a portion will be prospective. The PUCT will evaluate Entergy Gulf States' future performance based on several criteria including feeder reliability, billing error rates, customer call center performance, service installation performance, line extension performance and street light replacements. In March 1998, the parties to the Entergy Gulf States rate proceedings in Texas reached an agreement in principle, subject to approval by the PUCT and the Cities, which would resolve all of the pending rate issues. The proposed agreement in principle would include a base rate reduction of $40 million on an annual basis, with a refund retroactive to June 1, 1996; additionally it would provide for a recovery of $25 million of deferred fuel costs; the base rates would remain at the same level for the next four years after the reduction; a total service quality credit of $9 million retroactive to June 1996; and the recovery of a portion of the abeyed portion of River Bend such that at the end of the four year rate freeze there will remain $125 million of net plant related to that abeyed portion. Entergy Gulf States has established reserves for the probable effects of this agreement in principle based on management's estimates of the terms thereof. These reserves of approximately $381 million (or $227 million net of taxes) were recorded in the fourth quarter of 1997. The results of operations of Entergy Gulf States for the year ended December 31, 1997, reflect corresponding charges to operating revenues and other income (deductions) of $70 million and $311 million, respectively. The parties are working to finalize a definitive agreement. Entergy Gulf States has agreed to implement the refunds and rate reductions, subject to final approval of the agreement in principle. Final approval of the agreement in principle would resolve all regulatory issues discussed above. Filings with the LPSC (Entergy Corporation and Entergy Gulf States) Annual Earnings Reviews On May 31, 1995, Entergy Gulf States filed its second required post- Merger earnings analysis with the LPSC. Hearings on this review were held in December 1995. On October 4, 1996, the LPSC issued an order requiring a $33.3 million annual base rate reduction and a $9.6 million refund. One component of the rate reduction removes from base rates approximately $13.4 million annually of costs that will be recovered in the future through the fuel adjustment clause. On October 23, 1996, Entergy Gulf States appealed the LPSC's order and obtained an injunction to stay the order, except insofar as it requires the $13.4 million reduction, which Entergy Gulf States implemented in November 1996. In addition, pursuant to an October 1996 settlement with the LPSC, Entergy Gulf States will be allowed to recover $8.1 million annually related to certain gas transportation and storage facilities costs. This amount will be applied as an offset against any refund that may be required by a final judgment in Entergy Gulf States' appeal of the second post-Merger earnings review order. On May 31, 1996, Entergy Gulf States filed its third required post- Merger earnings analysis with the LPSC. Based on this earnings filing, on June 1, 1996, Entergy Gulf States implemented a $5.3 million annual rate reduction. Hearings on this filing concluded in March 1997. An additional rate reduction may be required upon the issuance by the LPSC of a final rate order, which is expected in early 1998. On May 30, 1997, Entergy Gulf States filed its fourth post-Merger earnings analysis with the LPSC. This filing showed a revenue deficiency such that no rate reduction is warranted. Entergy Gulf States' filing will be subject to further review by the LPSC. Hearings are scheduled to begin in March 1998. LPSC Fuel Cost Review In September 1996, the LPSC completed the second phase of its review of Entergy Gulf States' fuel costs, which covered the period October 1991 through December 1994 (Phase II). On October 7, 1996, the LPSC issued an order requiring a $34.2 million refund. The ordered refund includes a disallowance of $14.3 million of capital costs (including interest) related to certain gas transportation and storage facilities, which were recovered through the fuel clause, and which have been refunded pursuant to the October 1996 LPSC Settlement. Entergy Gulf States will be permitted to recover these costs in the future through base rates. On October 23, 1996, Entergy Gulf States appealed and received an injunction to stay this order, except insofar as the order requires the $14.3 million refund. On September 19, 1997, the 19th Judicial District Court of Louisiana reversed the LPSC's order with respect to several disallowances associated with the operation of River Bend, affirmed the LPSC's order with respect to the remainder of the ordered disallowances, and ordered a refund of $8.8 million, plus interest from December 31, 1995 until payment to the ratepayers. Pleadings seeking appeals to the Louisiana Supreme Court have been filed. (Entergy Corporation, Entergy Gulf States, and Entergy Louisiana) In September 1996, Entergy Gulf States and Entergy Louisiana filed proposals with the LPSC designed to achieve an orderly transition to retail electric competition in Louisiana, while protecting certain classes of ratepayers from bearing the burden of cost shifting. The proposals do not increase rates for any customer class. However, these proposals do provide for a universal service charge for customers that remain connected to Entergy Gulf States' or Entergy Louisiana's electric facilities but choose to purchase their electricity from another source. In addition, the proposals include a base rate freeze, which would be put into effect for seven years in the Louisiana areas serviced by Entergy Gulf States and Entergy Louisiana. Although these proposals allow for the complete recovery, over a seven-year period, of the remaining plant investment associated with River Bend and Waterford 3 as of December 31, 1995, the NRC operating licenses for these plants permit continued operation until the years 2025 and 2024, respectively. Hearings on these proposals have been delayed until 1998. In February 1997, the LPSC identified certain issues embodied in the Entergy Gulf States and Entergy Louisiana proposals that will be addressed in those companies' existing rate dockets, and other issues that will be addressed in an ongoing generic regulatory proceeding examining electric utility industry restructuring. (Entergy Corporation and Entergy Louisiana) On April 15, 1996, Entergy Louisiana made its first annual performance- based formula rate plan filing based on the 1995 test year. On June 19, 1996, the LPSC approved a $12 million annual reduction in base rates effective July 1, 1996. This reduction was based upon the 1995 test year results under the formula rate plan and reflected the expiration of the Waterford 3 phase-in plan discussed below, which was partially offset by the recovery of the property taxes on Waterford 3 and the related deferral discussed below. Subsequently, additional issues were resolved by means of a settlement conference, increasing the base rate reduction from $12 million to $16.5 million. Hearings have been conducted to review Entergy Louisiana's allowed return on equity and to address certain other disputed issues. This may result in an additional rate reduction, which would be prospective only. On May 30, 1997, Entergy Louisiana made its annual formula rate plan filing with the LPSC for the 1996 test year. This filing showed the necessity to reduce rates by approximately $27.8 million. Additionally, in order to reflect certain Waterford 3 related items (property tax and termination of the phase-in plan) that are addressed outside the formula rate plan, the filing showed the necessity to reduce rates further by approximately $26.7 million. These two reductions produced a total reduction of approximately $54.5 million, which was implemented beginning in the first filing cycle of July 1997. The May 30 filing is the final filing in the two-year period of the formula rate plan. There has been no determination to date by the LPSC as to whether the formula rate plan should be extended, modified, or terminated. On January 21, 1998, the LPSC approved a $4 million refund to reflect lower rates effective July 1, 1997, as well as an $8 million prospective annual rate reduction. Filings with the MPSC (Entergy Corporation and Entergy Mississippi) On March 15, 1997, Entergy Mississippi filed its annual earnings review with the MPSC under its formula rate plan for the 1996 test year. In April 1997, the MPSC issued an order approving a prospective rate reduction of $11.2 million. This rate reduction went into effect May 1, 1997. Entergy Mississippi initiated discussions with the MPSC regarding an orderly transition to a more competitive market for electricity. In August 1996, Entergy Mississippi filed a proposal with the MPSC for a rate rider to assure recovery of all Grand Gulf costs incurred to serve customers. The rider would maintain current rates for electric service provided by Entergy Mississippi and would apply to customers within Entergy Mississippi's service area who obtain electricity in the future from a source other than Entergy Mississippi. Entergy Mississippi designed this rider to assure that commitments made under the current system of regulation are honored and that cost burdens are not unfairly transferred from departing customers to those who remain on the Entergy Mississippi system. On August 22, 1996, the MPSC remanded this proposal and established a generic docket to consider competition for retail electric service. Hearings on this docket concluded in April 1997. In early July 1997 the MPSC issued an order directing the Mississippi Public Utilities Staff to submit a report outlining a plan for restructuring the electric utility industry in Mississippi. On November 3, 1997, the Mississippi Public Utilities Staff submitted to the MPSC a proposed transition plan for retail competition in the electric industry in Mississippi. The plan represents the staff's current position on how retail competition can be implemented in Mississippi and includes an implementation schedule in which retail competition would begin on January 1, 2001. The plan assumes the passage of necessary enabling legislation in 1999. The plan also provides for a transition period, from January 1, 2001, through December 31, 2004, for the recovery of any allowed stranded costs through a non-bypassable charge. Parties filed comments on the plan during January and February of 1998 and a hearing is scheduled to be conducted by the MPSC in April 1998. Filings with the Council (Entergy Corporation and Entergy New Orleans) In March 1997, the Council established new dockets regarding electric and gas utility service competition in the City of New Orleans. The dockets will address competitive issues, including competition, stranded costs, consumer savings, cost shifting, and potential conflicts among federal, state, and local regulators, as such issues relate to electric and gas service. Comments were filed by interested parties in April 1997. Public hearings on these issues were held in May, July, and October of 1997. The Council issued a resolution in February 1997 indicating that it will conduct an investigation of Entergy New Orleans' allowed rate of return, base rates, and adjustment clauses. The Council conducted hearings in April 1997 on the issue of rate of return, and directed Entergy New Orleans to make a cost of service and revenue requirement filing on May 1, 1997. That filing was later deferred until September 1997. In July 1997, Entergy New Orleans and the Council agreed to implement an $18 million annual reduction in base rates effective May 1, 1997, even though an allowed rate of return had not yet been determined by the Council. Entergy New Orleans made its cost of service and revenue requirement filing in conjunction with its transition to competition plan on September 17, 1997. On November 6, 1997, the Council severed the traditional ratemaking issues from the transition filings and established a procedural schedule for the second phase of the rate proceeding, pursuant to which hearings will be conducted in July 1998. Additionally, the Council ordered Entergy New Orleans to file unbundled gas rates, in preparation for an investigation of issues relating to gas industry competition. The electric transition to competition filing is generally similar to those filed for the other domestic utility companies. It includes a rate cap coupled with a continuing right of the Council to conduct reviews of Entergy New Orleans' earnings, an offer to seek authority from FERC for accelerated recovery of Grand Gulf purchased power obligations, and implementation of a non-bypassable universal service charge for all existing customers, together with functional unbundling of electric rates. Entergy New Orleans' transition filing will be subject to further review by the Council. A procedural schedule on that filing has not been set, although public comment has been requested by the Council. Deregulated Asset Plan (Entergy Corporation and Entergy Gulf States) A deregulated asset plan representing an unregulated portion (approximately 25%) of River Bend (plant costs, generation, revenues, and expenses) was established pursuant to a January 1992 LPSC order. The plan allows Entergy Gulf States to sell such generation to Louisiana retail customers at 4.6 cents per KWH or off-system at higher prices, with certain provisions for sharing such incremental revenue above 4.6 cents per KWH between ratepayers and shareholders. River Bend Cost Deferrals (Entergy Corporation and Entergy Gulf States) Entergy Gulf States deferred approximately $369 million of River Bend operating and purchased power costs, depreciation, and accrued carrying charges, pursuant to a 1986 PUCT accounting order. Approximately $182 million of these costs are being amortized over a 20-year period, and the remaining $187 million was written off in the first quarter of 1996 in accordance with SFAS 121, as discussed above. As of December 31, 1997, the unamortized balance of the remaining costs was $107 million. Entergy Gulf States deferred approximately $400.4 million of similar costs pursuant to a 1986 LPSC accounting order, which is being amortized over a 10-year period ending in February 1998. Approximately $5 million was unamortized as of December 31, 1997. In accordance with a phase-in plan approved by the LPSC, Entergy Gulf States deferred $294 million of its River Bend costs related to the period February 1988 through February 1991. Entergy Gulf States has amortized $286 million through December 31, 1997. The remaining $8 million will be recovered in the first quarter of 1998. In connection with the completion of the phase-in plan, on February 18, 1998, the LPSC approved an annual prospective rate reduction of $87 million. Grand Gulf 1 and Waterford 3 Deferrals (Entergy Corporation and Entergy Arkansas) Under the settlement agreement entered into with the APSC in 1985 and amended in 1988, Entergy Arkansas agreed to retain a portion of its Grand Gulf l-related costs, recover a portion of such costs currently, and defer a portion of such costs for future recovery. In 1996 and subsequent years, Entergy Arkansas retains 22% of its 36% share (approximately 7.92%) of Grand Gulf 1 costs and recovers the remaining 78%. The deferrals ceased in l990, and Entergy Arkansas is recovering a portion of the previously deferred costs each year through 1998. As of December 31, l997, the balance of deferred costs was $75 million. Entergy Arkansas is permitted to recover on a current basis the incremental costs of financing the unrecovered deferrals. In the event Entergy Arkansas is not able to sell its retained share to third parties, it may sell such energy to its retail customers at a price equal to its avoided energy cost, which is currently less than Entergy Arkansas' cost of energy from its retained share. (Entergy Corporation and Entergy Louisiana) In a series of LPSC orders, court decisions, and agreements from late 1985 to mid-1988, Entergy Louisiana was granted rate relief with respect to costs associated with Waterford 3 and Entergy Louisiana's share of capacity and energy from Grand Gulf l, subject to certain terms and conditions. With respect to Waterford 3, Entergy Louisiana was granted an increase aggregating $170.9 million over the period 1985-1988, and agreed to permanently absorb, and not recover from retail ratepayers, $284 million of its investment in the unit and to defer $266 million of its costs related to the years 1985-1988, which was recovered from April 1988 through June 1997. With respect to Grand Gulf l, in November 1988, Entergy Louisiana agreed to retain and not recover from retail ratepayers, 18% of its 14% share (approximately 2.52%) of the costs of Grand Gulf l capacity and energy. Entergy Louisiana is allowed to recover through the fuel adjustment clause 4.6 cents per KWH for the energy related to its retained portion of these costs. Alternatively, Entergy Louisiana may sell such energy to nonaffiliated parties at prices above the fuel adjustment clause recovery amount, subject to the LPSC's approval. (Entergy Corporation and Entergy Mississippi) Entergy Mississippi entered into a plan with the MPSC that provides, among other things, for the recovery by Entergy Mississippi, in equal annual installments over 10 years beginning October 1, 1988, of all Grand Gulf 1-related costs deferred through September 30, 1988, pursuant to a final order by the MPSC. Additionally, the plan provided that Entergy Mississippi would defer, in decreasing amounts, a portion of its Grand Gulf 1-related costs over four years beginning October 1, 1988. These deferrals are being recovered by Entergy Mississippi over a six-year period that began in October 1992 and will end in September 1998. As of December 31, 1997, the uncollected balance of Entergy Mississippi's deferred costs was approximately $127 million. The plan also allows for the current recovery of carrying charges on all deferred amounts. (Entergy Corporation and Entergy New Orleans) Under Entergy New Orleans' various rate settlements with the Council in 1986, 1988, and 1991, Entergy New Orleans agreed to absorb and not recover from ratepayers a total of $96.2 million of its Grand Gulf 1 costs. Entergy New Orleans was permitted to implement annual rate increases in decreasing amounts each year through 1995, and to defer certain costs and related carrying charges for recovery on a schedule extending from 1991 through 2001. As of December 31, 1997, the uncollected balance of Entergy New Orleans' deferred costs was $99 million. Proposed Rate Increase (System Energy) System Energy filed an application with FERC on May 12, 1995, for a $65.5 million rate increase. The request seeks changes to System Energy's rate schedule, including increases in the revenue requirement associated with decommissioning costs, the depreciation rate, and the rate of return on common equity. The request also includes a proposed change in the accounting recognition of nuclear refueling outage costs from that of expensing those costs as incurred to the deferral and amortization method described in Note 1 with respect to Entergy Arkansas. On December 12, 1995, System Energy implemented the $65.5 million rate increase, subject to refund, for which a portion has been reserved. Hearings on System Energy's request began in January 1996 and were completed in February 1996. On July 11, 1996, the ALJ issued an initial decision in this proceeding that agreed with certain of System Energy's proposals, including the change in accounting for nuclear refueling outage costs, while rejecting a proposed increase in return on common equity and recommending a slight decrease. The ALJ also rejected the proposed change in the decommissioning cost methodology. The decision of the ALJ is preliminary and may be modified in the final decision by FERC. Management is unable to predict the final outcome of the rate increase request or the amount of any refunds in excess of reserves that may be required. (Entergy Mississippi) Entergy Mississippi's allocation of the proposed System Energy wholesale rate increase is $21.6 million annually. In July 1995, Entergy Mississippi filed a schedule with the MPSC that defers the retail recovery of the System Energy rate increase. The deferral plan, which was approved by the MPSC, began in December 1995, the effective date of the System Energy rate increase, and will end after the issuance of a final order by FERC. The deferral period ends September 1998, and the deferred amount is to be amortized over 48 months beginning in October 1998. (Entergy New Orleans) Entergy New Orleans' allocation of the proposed System Energy wholesale rate increase is $11.1 million annually. In February 1996, Entergy New Orleans filed a plan with the Council to defer 50% of the amount of the System Energy rate increase. The deferral began in February 1996 and will end after the issuance of a final order by FERC. FERC Settlement (Entergy Corporation and System Energy) In November 1994, FERC approved an agreement settling a long-standing dispute involving income tax allocation procedures of System Energy. In accordance with the agreement, System Energy will refund a total of approximately $62 million, plus interest, to Entergy Arkansas, Entergy Louisiana, Entergy Mississippi, and Entergy New Orleans through June 2004. System Energy also reclassified from utility plant to other deferred debits approximately $81 million of other Grand Gulf 1 costs. Although such costs are excluded from rate base, System Energy is recovering them over a 10- year period. Interest on the $62 million refund and the loss of the return on the $81 million of other Grand Gulf 1 costs will reduce Entergy's and System Energy's net income by approximately $10 million annually until 2004. Entergy London Regulatory Matters (Entergy Corporation and Entergy London) Distribution Business The distribution business of London Electricity is regulated under its PES license, pursuant to which revenue of the distribution business is controlled by the Distribution Price Control Formula (DPCF). The DPCF determines the maximum average price per unit of electricity (expressed in kilowatt hours) that a REC may charge. The elements used in the DPCF are established for a five-year period and are subject to review by the Regulator at the end of each period and at other times at the discretion of the Regulator. At each review the Regulator can adjust the value of certain elements in the DPCF. Following a review by the Regulator in August 1994, a 14% price reduction was set for London Electricity, effective April 1, 1995. In July 1995, a further review of distribution prices was concluded by the Regulator for fiscal years 1997 to 2000. As a result of this further review, London Electricity's distribution prices were reduced an additional 11% effective April 1, 1996; 3% effective April 1, 1997; and will be reduced by a further 3% on both April 1, 1998 and 1999. Supply Business The supply business of London Electricity is also regulated by the Regulator, and prices are established based upon the Supply Price Control Formula (SPCF) which is similar to the DPCF; however, the SPCF currently allows full pass through for all properly incurred costs and is set for a four-year period by the Regulator. At present, London Electricity has an exclusive right to supply electricity to residential and small industrial and commercial customers in its franchise area with demand of less than 100 KW. In late 1998, this segment of the supply business will become open to competition, subject to a six-month transition period. This means the market will be fully opened with all customers having access to competition by June 1999. Although the advent of competition for all customers will permit all RECs to compete on a national level, London Electricity may be more sensitive to competition from its neighboring RECs due to its high customer concentration. London Electricity is in the process of developing its strategy to meet expanded competition in its supply business, which will focus on active marketing and customer service to defend its residential customer base and expanding product offerings to larger business customers. Such strategy may include the development of strategic alliances in the provision of energy and related services and the increased use of hedging of electricity prices to mitigate the increased risk from the expansion of competition. There can be no assurance that this strategy will be successful in avoiding a significant loss of customers of London Electricity's supply business. On October 16, 1997, the Regulator published final proposals for new supply price restraints to apply for two years beginning April 1, 1998. The proposals were accepted on November 16, 1997. Among other things, these proposals implement a price reduction for London Electricity's domestic and small business supply customers of 11.8% compared to the supply price tariff in effect in August 1997. A further 3% reduction is proposed to be effective on April 1, 1999. The 11.8% price reduction to be effective on April 1, 1998, would be decreased by the supply tariff reductions announced by London Electricity on September 29, 1997, and effective from October 1, 1997, which will return over-recoveries experienced under the current SPCF. The license modifications which took effect December 31, 1997, discontinued the automatic pass-through of all costs previously passed through to domestic and small business customers, including purchased power costs from the Electricity Pool. London Electricity expects to incur approximately $49 million (a portion of which is expected to be capitalized) in fiscal year 1998 for re- engineering and technology costs to prepare infrastructure services for full competition in supply beginning September 1998. London Electricity, along with the other PES license-holders, petitioned the Regulator to recover such costs from customers. In the Regulator's supply price restraint proposals published on October 16, 1997, the Regulator proposed, within the SPCF, to provide for an annual allowance of $7.6 million for each PES license-holder over the 5 years ending March 31, 2003, to cover data management services set-up costs plus an annual allowance of $1.6 million plus $1.60 per customer to cover operating costs for the period 1998 through 2000. London Electricity estimates that these proposals will result in an aggregate allowance for London Electricity of approximately $12.6 million per annum for the period 1998 through 2000. On November 16, 1997, London Electricity accepted the Regulator's new SPCF to be applied beginning April 1, 1998. In its fiscal year 1998 (ends March 31, 1998), London Electricity also expects to incur a total of $8.2 million to procure settlement software for the Electricity Pool designed to interface with RECs' data management software. These costs are expected to be recouped through Electricity Pool settlement charges. The non-franchise supply market, which typically includes larger commercial and industrial customers, was opened to competition for all customers with usage above 1 MW upon privatization of the industry in 1990. The non-franchise supply markets of 100 KW or more were opened to full competition starting in April 1994. NOTE 3. INCOME TAXES Entergy and its registrant subsidiaries' income tax expenses for 1997, 1996, and 1995 consist of the following (in thousands):
1997 Entergy Entergy Entergy Entergy Entergy System Entergy Entergy Arkansas Gulf States Louisiana Mississippi New Orleans Energy London Current: Federal $433,444 $113,278 $ 68,881 $ 94,448 $ 49,472 $12,003 $98,428 $ - Foreign 237,337 - - - - - - 234,080 State 76,905 23,756 6,007 19,974 9,476 2,096 15,596 - -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Total 747,686 137,034 74,888 114,422 58,948 14,099 114,024 234,080 Deferred -- net (312,691) (73,406) (104,435) (9,833) (30,697) (1,369) (35,894) (57,057) Investment tax credit adjustments -- net 36,346 (4,408) 51,949 (5,624) (1,507) (588) (3,476) - -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Recorded income $471,341 $ 59,220 $ 22,402 $ 98,965 $ 26,744 $ 12,142 $74,654 $177,023 tax expense ============================================================================================
1996 Entergy Entergy Entergy Entergy Entergy System Entergy Arkansas Gulf States Louisiana Mississippi New Orleans Energy Current: Federal $272,036 $ 108,583 $ 510 $ 78,629 $ 64,358 $ 23,860 $ 19,637 State 72,204 21,888 201 21,122 9,635 4,631 13,508 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Total 344,240 130,471 711 99,751 73,993 28,491 33,145 Deferred -- net 100,572 (41,261) 106,715 24,656 (29,390) (11,587) 52,447 Investment tax credit adjustments -- net (23,653) (4,766) (5,335) (5,847) (3,497) (687) (3,471) ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Recorded income tax $421,159 $ 84,444 $ 102,091 $ 118,560 $ 41,106 $ 16,217 $ 82,121 expense ==================================================================================
1995 Entergy Entergy Entergy Entergy Entergy System Entergy Arkansas Gulf States Louisiana Mississippi New Orleans Energy Current: Federal $ 306,910 $ 87,937 $ 13 $ 93,670 $ 62,436 $ 19,071 $108,920 State 60,278 18,027 - 20,994 9,215 3,394 11,910 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Total 367,188 105,964 13 114,664 71,651 22,465 120,830 Deferred -- net 13,333 (5,363) 67,703 8,148 (35,224) (1,364) (41,871) Investment tax credit adjustments -- net (21,478) (5,658) (4,472) (5,698) (1,550) (634) (3,466) -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Recorded income tax $ 359,043 $ 94,943 $ 63,244 $117,114 $ 34,877 $ 20,467 $ 75,493 expense ====================================================================================== Charged to cumulative $ 22,861 $ 22,861 $ - $ - $ - $ - $ - effect ======================================================================================
Entergy and its registrant subsidiaries' total income taxes differ from the amounts computed by applying the statutory income tax rate to income before taxes. The reasons for the differences for the years 1997, 1996, and 1995 are (amounts in thousands):
Entergy Entergy Entergy Entergy Entergy System Entergy 1997 Entergy Arkansas Gulf States Louisiana Mississippi New Orleans Energy London Computed at statutory rate (35%) (31% $ 270,284 $ 64,470 $ 28,833 $ 84,253 $ 32,691 $ 9,658 $ 61,932 $ 9,196 for Entergy London) Increases (reductions) in tax resulting from: State income taxes net of federal income tax effect 33,272 8,382 1,274 12,106 3,110 1,191 7,209 - Depreciation 25,471 (2,784) (3,670) 13,162 964 2,236 15,563 - Rate deferrals - net 3,484 1,543 5,575 (526) (3,504) 396 - - Amortization of investment tax credits (19,592) (4,404) (3,981) (5,627) (1,512) (589) (3,479) - Flow-through/permanent differences (6,537) (308) (6,133) 47 (78) (65) - - UK windfall profits tax 234,080 - - - - - - 234,080 Change in UK statutory rate (64,670) - - - - - - (64,670) Non-deductible franchise fees 17,234 Interest on perpetual instruments (9,094) Benefit of Entergy Corporation expenses - (4,920) - (4,788) (2,704) (831) (4,037) - Other -- net (12,591) (2,759) 504 338 (2,223) 146 (2,534) (1,583) -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Total income taxes $ 471,341 $ 59,220 $ 22,402 $ 98,965 $ 26,744 $ 12,142 $ 74,654 $ 177,023 ============================================================================================ Effective Income Tax Rate 61.0% 31.6% 27.2% 41.1% 28.6% 44.0% 42.2% 596.8%
Entergy Entergy Entergy Entergy Entergy System 1996 Entergy Arkansas Gulf States Louisiana Mississippi New Orleans Energy Computed at statutory rate (35%) $ 319,103 $ 84,785 $ 34,371 $ 108,262 $ 42,111 $ 15,048 $ 63,626 Increases (reductions) in tax resulting from: State income taxes net of federal income tax effect 54,801 10,796 19,389 11,535 4,188 1,449 7,444 Depreciation 15,829 (2,102) (6,305) 6,722 1,604 402 15,508 Rate deferrals - net 1,973 1,115 5,537 (1,829) (3,430) 580 - Amortization of investment tax credits (20,349) (4,608) (4,380) (5,664) (1,582) (635) (3,480) Flow-through/permanent differences 1,059 (845) 2,792 (449) (275) (164) - SFAS 121 write-off 48,265 - 48,265 - - - - Other -- net 478 (4,697) 2,422 (17) (1,510) (463) (977) ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Total income taxes $ 421,159 $ 84,444 $ 102,091 $ 118,560 $ 41,106 $ 16,217 $ 82,121 ===================================================================================== Effective Income Tax Rate 46.2% 34.9% 104.0% 38.3% 34.2% 37.7% 45.4%
Entergy Entergy Entergy Entergy Entergy System 1995 Entergy Arkansas Gulf States Louisiana Mississippi New Orleans Energy Computed at statutory rate (35%) $ 334,944 $ 93,458 $ 65,157 $ 111,528 $ 36,240 $ 19,198 $ 58,986 Increases (reductions) in tax resulting from: State income taxes net of federal income tax effect 42,599 11,551 8,375 11,532 3,344 1,971 7,036 Depreciation 1,670 (1,510) (13,073) 2,693 739 (661) 13,482 Rate deferrals - net 1,699 975 6,240 (2,626) (3,465) 575 - Amortization of investment tax credits (20,549) (5,658) (4,475) (5,711) (1,548) (634) (3,480) Other -- net (1,320) (3,873) 1,020 (302) (433) 18 (531) ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Total income taxes $ 359,043 $ 94,943 $ 63,244 $ 117,114 $ 34,877 $ 20,467 $ 75,493 =================================================================================== Effective Income Tax Rate 37.5% 35.5% 34.0% 36.7% 33.7% 37.3% 44.8%
Significant components of Entergy and its registrant subsidiaries' net deferred tax liabilities as of December 31, 1997 and 1996, are as follows (in thousands):
1997 Entergy Entergy Entergy Entergy Entergy System Entergy Entergy Arkansas Gulf States Louisiana Mississippi New Orleans Energy London Deferred Tax Liabilities: Net regulatory assets/ (liabilities) (1,378,858) $(293,433) $ (437,397) $ (329,903) $ (32,140) $ (4,642) $(281,343) $ - Plant-related basis differences (3,574,260) (475,950) (991,253) (716,512) (192,402) (52,295) (494,564) (572,896) Rate deferrals (177,609) (26,164) (33,665) - (74,427) (43,353) - - Pension-related items (74,777) - - - - - - (74,777) Distribution License (411,467) - - - - - - (411,467) Other (181,306) (53,666) (66,995) (32,101) (7,494) (4,336) (16,714) - ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ Total $(5,798,277) $(849,213) (1,529,310) $(1,078,516) $(306,463) $(104,626) $(792,621) $(1,059,140) ================================================================================================ Deferred Tax Assets: Accumulated deferred investment tax credit 204,414 40,721 61,122 51,669 9,147 3,440 38,315 - Investment tax credit carryforwards 83,080 - 83,080 - - - - - NOL carryforwards 2,137 - 2,137 - - - - - Foreign tax credits (including foreign tax on unremitted earnings) 248,897 - - - - - - - Alternative minimum tax credit 40,658 - 40,658 - - - - - Sale and leaseback 235,668 - - 108,944 - - 126,724 - Removal cost 105,477 1,198 27,027 63,759 2,590 10,903 - - Unbilled revenues 45,505 - 23,848 16,970 (1,195) 5,882 - - Pension-related items 33,724 - 12,897 9,653 1,801 6,097 3,276 - Rate refund 195,484 6,504 154,153 - - - 34,827 - FERC Settlement 17,193 - - - - - 17,193 - Other 211,361 9,062 21,837 24,767 5,379 5,760 10,235 75,676 Valuation Allowance (248,897) - - - - - - - ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ Total $ 1,174,701 $ 57,485 $ 426,759 $ 275,762 $ 17,722 $ 32,082 $ 230,570 $ 75,676 ================================================================================================ Net deferred tax liability $(4,623,576) $ (791,728) $(1,102,551) $(802,754) $ (288,741) $(72,544) $(562,051) $(983,464) ================================================================================================
1996 Entergy Entergy Entergy Entergy Entergy System Entergy Arkansas Gulf States Louisiana Mississippi New Orleans Energy Deferred Tax Liabilities: Net regulatory assets/ $(1,406,921) $(287,217) $ (434,380) $(349,667) $ (21,537) $ (9,717) $(304,403) (liabilities) Plant-related basis differences (2,976,724) (476,364) (1,006,347) (716,974) (185,038) (50,435) (512,519) Rate deferrals (322,530) (84,826) (68,282) (2,839) (113,669) (52,914) - Other (143,792) (59,592) (9,243) (31,433) (7,604) (6,193) (24,917) ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Total $(4,849,967) $(907,999) $(1,518,252) $(1,100,913) $ (327,848) $(119,259) $(841,839) ========================================================================================= Deferred Tax Assets: Accumulated deferred investment tax credit 210,879 42,450 61,563 53,831 9,724 3,666 39,645 Investment tax credit 138,779 - 138,779 - - - - carryforwards NOL carryforwards 24,990 - 24,990 - - - - Alternative minimum tax credit 40,658 - 40,658 - - - - Sale and leaseback 233,823 - - 108,390 - - 125,433 Removal cost 102,268 - 27,391 61,716 2,454 10,707 - Unbilled revenues 37,692 - 17,824 14,965 (343) 5,246 - Pension-related items 30,869 - 11,291 8,838 2,008 5,987 2,745 Rate refund 25,409 - - - - 7,077 18,332 FERC Settlement 19,079 - - - - - 19,079 Other 147,020 9,049 61,804 23,545 5,849 8,097 12,585 ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Total $ 1,011,466 $ 51,499 $ 384,300 $ 271,285 $ 19,692 $ 40,780 $ 217,819 ========================================================================================= Net deferred tax liability $(3,838,501) $(856,500) $(1,133,952) $ (829,628) $ (308,156) $ (78,479) $(624,020) ========================================================================================= As of December 31, 1997, Entergy has investment tax credit (ITC) carryforward of $83.1 million and state net operating loss carryforward of $26.7 million, all related to Entergy Gulf States operations. The ITC carryforwards include the 35% reduction required by the Tax Reform Act of 1986 and may be applied solely against federal income tax liability of Entergy Gulf States and, if not utilized, will expire between 1998 and 2002. The alternative minimum tax (AMT) credit carryforwards as of December 31, 1997 were $40.7 million, all related to Entergy Gulf States operations. This AMT credit can be carried forward indefinitely and may be applied solely against the federal income tax liability of Entergy Gulf States. The valuation allowance is provided primarily against foreign tax credit carryforwards and foreign tax credits on unremitted earnings which can be utilized against future taxable income in the United States. NOTE 4. LINES OF CREDIT AND RELATED SHORT-TERM BORROWINGS (Entergy Corporation, Entergy Arkansas, Entergy Gulf States, Entergy Louisiana, Entergy Mississippi, Entergy New Orleans, System Energy, and Entergy London) In November 1996, SEC authorization was received by Entergy Arkansas, Entergy Gulf States, Entergy Louisiana, Entergy Mississippi, Entergy New Orleans, and System Energy increasing short-term borrowing limits to $235 million, $340 million, $225 million, $103 million, $35 million, and $140 million, respectively (for a total of $1.078 billion). These authorizations are effective through November 30, 2001. Of these companies, only Entergy Mississippi had borrowings outstanding as of December 31, 1997. Entergy Mississippi had $47.2 million of borrowings outstanding under the money pool, an inter-company borrowing arrangement designed to reduce the domestic utility companies' dependence on external short-term borrowings. Entergy Arkansas, Entergy Louisiana, and Entergy Mississippi had undrawn lines of credit as of December 31, 1997, of $18 million, $64.2 million, and $24 million, respectively. In July 1995, Entergy Corporation obtained a $300 million bank credit facility. Thereafter, a three-year credit agreement was signed with a group of banks in October 1995 to provide up to $300 million of loans to Entergy Corporation. As of December 31, 1997, $75 million was outstanding against this facility. In January 1997, the SEC authorized an increase in borrowings under Entergy's bank credit facilities from $300 million to a maximum of $500 million. On September 13, 1996 Entergy Corporation and ETHC obtained a three- year $100 million bank line of credit which was increased to $250 million in 1997, and that can be drawn by either Entergy Corporation or ETHC (with a guarantee from Entergy Corporation). The proceeds are to be used exclusively for exempt telecommunication investments. As of December 31, 1997, $111 million borrowed by Entergy Corporation was outstanding under this facility. Other Entergy companies have SEC authorization to borrow through the money pool, from Entergy Corporation, and from commercial banks in the aggregate principal amounts up to $265 million, of which $98.2 million was outstanding as of December 31, 1997. Some of these borrowings are restricted as to use, and are secured by certain assets. In total, Entergy had short-term commitments in the amount of $1,029.7 million as of December 31, 1997, of which $745.2 million was unused. The weighted-average interest rate on the outstanding borrowings of Entergy as of December 31, 1997 and 1996, was 7.09% and 6.10%, respectively. Included in these short-term commitments is $452.5 million of London Electricity's commitments, which had an outstanding balance of $82.3 million of short- term borrowings through committed facilities as of December 31, 1997. The weighted average interest rate incurred on Entergy London's short-term borrowings was 7.64% for the period from February 1, 1997 to December 31, 1997. Commitment fees on the lines of credit for Entergy Arkansas, Entergy Louisiana, and Entergy Mississippi are .125% of the undrawn amounts. The commitment fees for Entergy Corporation's $300 million credit facility and ETHC's $250 million credit facility are currently .17%, but can fluctuate depending on the senior debt ratings of the domestic utility companies. The commitment fees for Entergy London's $452.5 million credit facility range from .03% to .125% of the undrawn balance. See Note 7 for a discussion of commitments for long-term financing arrangements. NOTE 5. PREFERRED, PREFERENCE, AND COMMON STOCK (Entergy Corporation, Entergy Arkansas, Entergy Gulf States, Entergy Louisiana, Entergy Mississippi, and Entergy New Orleans) The number of shares, authorized and outstanding, and dollar value of preferred and preference stock for Entergy Corporation, Entergy Arkansas, Entergy Gulf States, Entergy Louisiana, Entergy Mississippi, and Entergy New Orleans as of December 31, 1997, and 1996 were:
Shares Call Price Per Authorized Total Share as of and Outstanding Dollar Value December 31, 1997 1996 1997 1996 1997 Entergy Arkansas Preferred Stock Without sinking fund: Cumulative, $100 par value 4.32% Series 70,000 70,000 $ 7,000 $ 7,000 $103.65 4.72% Series 93,500 93,500 9,350 9,350 $107.00 4.56% Series 75,000 75,000 7,500 7,500 $102.83 4.56% 1965 Series 75,000 75,000 7,500 7,500 $102.50 6.08% Series 100,000 100,000 10,000 10,000 $102.83 7.32% Series 100,000 100,000 10,000 10,000 $103.17 7.80% Series 150,000 150,000 15,000 15,000 $103.25 7.40% Series 200,000 200,000 20,000 20,000 $102.80 7.88% Series 150,000 150,000 15,000 15,000 $103.00 Cumulative, $0.01 par value: $1.96 Series (a)(b) 600,000 600,000 15,000 15,000 - --------- --------- -------- -------- Total without sinking fund 1,613,500 1,613,500 $116,350 $116,350 ========= ========= ======== ======== With sinking fund: Cumulative, $100 par value 8.52% Series 250,000 300,000 $ 25,000 $ 30,000 $104.26 Cumulative, $25 par value 9.92% Series 241,085 401,085 6,027 10,027 $26.32 --------- --------- -------- -------- Total with sinking fund 491,085 701,085 $ 31,027 $ 40,027 ========= ========= ======== ======== Fair Value of Preferred Stock with sinking fund (d) $ 32,018 $ 41,835 ======== ========
Shares Call Price Per Authorized Total Share as of and Outstanding Dollar Value December 31, 1997 1996 1997 1996 1997 Entergy Gulf States Preferred and Preference Stock Preference Stock Cumulative, without par value 7% Series (a)(b) 6,000,000 6,000,000 $150,000 $150,000 - ========= ========= ======== ======== Preferred Stock Authorized 6,000,000, $100 par value, cumulative Without sinking fund: 4.40% Series 51,173 51,173 $ 5,117 $ 5,117 $108.00 4.50% Series 5,830 5,830 583 583 $105.00 4.40%-1949 Series 1,655 1,655 166 166 $103.00 4.20% Series 9,745 9,745 975 975 $102.82 4.44% Series 14,804 14,804 1,480 1,480 $103.75 5.00% Series 10,993 10,993 1,099 1,099 $104.25 5.08% Series 26,845 26,845 2,685 2,685 $104.63 4.52% Series 10,564 10,564 1,056 1,056 $103.57 6.08% Series 32,829 32,829 3,283 3,283 $103.34 7.56% Series 350,000 350,000 35,000 35,000 $101.80 8.52% Series - 500,000 - 50,000 - 9.96% Series - 350,000 - 35,000 - --------- --------- -------- -------- Total without sinking fund 514,438 1,364,438 $ 51,444 $136,444 ========= ========= ======== ======== With sinking fund: 8.80% Series 162,283 184,595 $ 16,228 $ 18,459 $100.00 8.64% Series 112,000 140,000 11,200 14,000 $101.00 Adjustable Rate - A, 7.42%(c) 168,000 180,000 16,800 18,000 $100.00 Adjustable Rate - B, 7.47%(c) 247,500 270,000 24,750 27,000 $100.00 --------- --------- -------- -------- Total with sinking fund 689,783 774,595 $ 68,978 $ 77,459 ========= ========= ======== ======== Fair Value of Preference Stock and Preferred Stock with sinking fund (d) $220,413 $214,475 ======== ========
Shares Call Price Per Authorized Total Share as of and Outstanding Dollar Value December 31, 1997 1996 1997 1996 1997 Entergy Louisiana Preferred Stock Without sinking fund: Cumulative, $100 par value 4.96% Series 60,000 60,000 $ 6,000 $ 6,000 $104.25 4.16% Series 70,000 70,000 7,000 7,000 $104.21 4.44% Series 70,000 70,000 7,000 7,000 $104.06 5.16% Series 75,000 75,000 7,500 7,500 $104.18 5.40% Series 80,000 80,000 8,000 8,000 $103.00 6.44% Series 80,000 80,000 8,000 8,000 $102.92 7.84% Series 100,000 100,000 10,000 10,000 $103.78 7.36% Series 100,000 100,000 10,000 10,000 $103.36 Cumulative, $25 par value: 8.00% Series (b) 1,480,000 1,480,000 37,000 37,000 - --------- --------- -------- -------- Total without sinking fund 2,115,000 2,115,000 $100,500 $100,500 ========= ========= ======== ======== With sinking fund: Cumulative, $100 par value 7.00% Series (b) 500,000 500,000 $ 50,000 $ 50,000 - 8.00% Series (b) 350,000 350,000 35,000 35,000 - Cumulative, $25 par value 12.64% Series - 300,000 - 7,500 - --------- --------- -------- -------- Total with sinking fund 850,000 1,150,000 $ 85,000 $ 92,500 ========= ========= ======== ======== Fair Value of Preferred Stock with sinking fund (d) $ 87,288 $ 93,825 ======== ========
Shares Call Price Per Authorized Total Share as of and Outstanding Dollar Value December 31, 1997 1996 1997 1996 1997 Entergy Mississippi Preferred Stock Without sinking fund: Cumulative, $100 par value 4.36% Series 59,920 59,920 $ 5,992 $ 5,992 $103.86 4.56% Series 43,888 43,888 4,389 4,389 $107.00 4.92% Series 100,000 100,000 10,000 10,000 $102.88 7.44% Series 100,000 100,000 10,000 10,000 $102.81 8.36% Series(b) 200,000 200,000 20,000 20,000 - 9.16% Series - 75,000 - 7,500 - --------- --------- -------- -------- Total without sinking fund 503,808 578,808 $ 50,381 $ 57,881 ========= ========= ======== ======== With sinking fund: Cumulative, $100 par value 9.76% Series - 70,000 $ - $ 7,000 - --------- --------- -------- -------- Total with sinking fund - 70,000 $ - $ 7,000 ========= ========= ======== ======== Fair Value of Preferred Stock with sinking fund (d) $ 7,000 ========
Shares Call Price Per Authorized Total Share as of and Outstanding Dollar Value December 31, 1997 1996 1997 1996 1997 Entergy New Orleans Preferred Stock Without sinking fund: Cumulative, $100 par value 4.75% Series 77,798 77,798 $ 7,780 $ 7,780 $105.00 4.36% Series 60,000 60,000 6,000 6,000 $104.57 5.56% Series 60,000 60,000 6,000 6,000 $102.59 --------- --------- -------- -------- Total without sinking fund 197,798 197,798 $ 19,780 $ 19,780 ========= ========= ======== ========
Shares Call Price Per Authorized Total Share as of and Outstanding Dollar Value December 31, 1997 1996 1997 1996 1997 Entergy Corporation Subsidiary's Preference Stock (a)(b) 6,000,000 6,000,000 $150,000 $150,000 - ========= ========= ======== ======== Subsidiaries' Preferred Stock Without sinking fund 4,944,544 5,869,544 $338,455 $430,955 ========= ========= ======== ======== With sinking fund 2,030,868 2,695,680 $185,005 $216,986 ========= ========= ======== ======== Fair Value of Preference Stock and Preferred Stock with sinking fund (d) $339,719 $357,135 ======== ======== (a) The total dollar value represents the involuntary liquidation value of $25 per share. (b) These series are not redeemable as of December 31, 1997. (c) Represents weighted-average annualized rates for 1997. (d) Fair values were determined using bid prices reported by dealer markets and by nationally recognized investment banking firms. See Note 1 for additional disclosure of fair value of financial instruments. Changes in the preferred stock, with and without sinking fund, preference stock, and common stock of Entergy Arkansas, Entergy Gulf States, Entergy Louisiana, Entergy Mississippi, and Entergy New Orleans during the last three years were: Number of Shares 1997 1996 1995 Preferred stock retirements Entergy Arkansas $100 par value (50,000) (50,000) (25,000) $25 par value (160,000) (560,000) (280,000) $0.01 par value - (2,000,000) - Entergy Gulf States $100 par value (934,812) (101,943) (72,834) Entergy Louisiana $100 par value - (100,000) - $25 par value (300,000) (2,300,370) (450,211) Entergy Mississippi $100 par value (145,000) (97,700) (150,000) Entergy New Orleans $100 par value - - (34,495) Cash sinking fund requirements and mandatory redemptions for the next five years for preferred and preference stock, outstanding as of December 31, 1997, are: Entergy Entergy Gulf Entergy Entergy Arkansas States Louisiana (In Thousands) 1998 $14,225 $4,500 $5,966 $3,759 1999 60,466 4,500 5,966 50,000 2000 160,466 4,500 155,966 - 2001 45,466 4,500 5,966 35,000 2002 10,466 4,500 5,966 - Entergy Arkansas, Entergy Gulf States, and Entergy Louisiana have the annual noncumulative option to redeem, at par, additional amounts of certain series of their outstanding preferred stock. Entergy Corporation from time to time reissues treasury shares to meet the requirements of the Stock Plan for Outside Directors (Directors' Plan), the Equity Ownership Plan of Entergy Corporation and Subsidiaries (Equity Plan), and certain other stock benefit plans. The Directors' Plan awards to nonemployee directors a portion of their compensation in the form of a fixed number of shares of Entergy Corporation common stock. Shares awarded under the Directors' Plan were 9,104, 6,750, and 9,251 during 1997, 1996, and 1995, respectively. During 1997, Entergy Corporation issued 1,189,266 shares of its previously repurchased common stock, reducing the amount held as treasury stock by $34.8 million. Included in the foregoing were 813,161 shares of common stock issued at a value of $21.5 million in connection with the acquisition of the security monitoring company, Ranger American, during 1997. Entergy Corporation issued the remaining shares to meet the requirements of its various stock plans. In addition, Entergy Corporation received proceeds of $297 million from the issuance of 11,692,741 shares of common stock under its dividend reinvestment and stock purchase plan during 1997. The Equity Plan grants stock options, equity awards, and incentive awards to key employees of the domestic utility companies. The costs of awards are charged to income over the period of the grant or restricted period, as appropriate. Amounts charged to compensation expense in 1997 were immaterial. Stock options, which comprise 50% of the shares targeted for distribution under the Equity Plan, are granted at exercise prices not less than market value on the date of grant. The options are generally exercisable six months from the date of grant, with the exception of 250,000 options granted on March 31, 1995, which are not exercisable until March 31, 1998, but not more than 10 years after the date of grant. Entergy applies APB Opinion 25, "Accounting for Stock Issued to Employees," and related interpretations in accounting for stock options. Accordingly, no compensation cost is required to be recognized until such options are exercised because the exercise prices are not less than market price on the date of grant. The impact on Entergy's net income would have been $296,000, $166,000, and $374,000 in 1997, 1996, and 1995, respectively, had compensation cost for the stock options been determined based on the fair value at the grant date for awards under the option plan consistent with the method prescribed by SFAS 123. In applying the disclosure provisions of SFAS 123, the fair value of each option grant is estimated on the date of grant using the Black-Scholes option-pricing model with expected stock price volatility of 19% in 1997 and 1996 and 18% in 1995 and additional assumptions for each of those years as follows: risk-free interest rates of 6.3%, 5.4%, and 7.2% in 1997, 1996, and 1995, respectively, average expected lives of five years, and dividends of $1.80 per share. Nonstatutory stock option transactions are summarized as follows:
1997 1996 1995 Average Average Average Number Option Number Option Number Option of Options Price of Options Price of Options Price Beginning-of-year balance 527,909 $26.42 457,909 $25.94 170,409 $34.86 Options granted 255,000 25.84 82,500 29.38 315,000 21.39 Options exercised (2,500) 23.38 (7,500) 23.38 (12,500) 23.38 Options forfeited (107,500) 25.43 (5,000) 35.88 (15,000) 33.79 ------- ------- ------- End-of-year balance 672,909 $26.37 527,909 $26.42 457,909 $25.94 ======= ======= ======= Options exercisable at year-end 422,909 277,909 207,909 Weighted average fair value of $ 4.49 $ 3.51 $ 2.48 options granted
The following table summarizes information about stock options outstanding as of December 31, 1997:
Options Outstanding Options Exercisable -------------------------------------- ------------------------ Weighted-Avg Remaining Weighted- Weighted Range of As of Contractual Avg. Exercise As of Avg. Exercise Exercise Prices 12/31/97 Life-Yrs. Price 12/31/97 Price $20 - $30 554,302 7.7 $24.29 304,302 $27.09 $30 - $40 118,607 5.6 $36.10 118,607 $36.10 ------- ------- $20 - $40 672,909 7.3 $26.37 422,909 $29.62 ======= =======
To meet the requirements of the Employee Stock Investment Plan (ESIP), Entergy Corporation was authorized to issue or acquire, through March 31, 1997, up to 2,000,000 shares of its common stock to be held as treasury shares. In February 1997, Entergy received authority from the SEC to extend the ESIP for an additional three years ending on March 31, 2000. Under the extended plan, Entergy Corporation may issue either treasury shares or previously authorized but unissued shares. Under the terms of the ESIP, employees can choose each year to have up to 10% of their regular annual salary (not to exceed $25,000) withheld to purchase the Company's common stock at a purchase price equal to 85% of the lower of the market value on the first or last business day of the plan year. The 1997 plan year runs from April 1, 1997, to March 31, 1998. Under the plan, the number of subscribed shares was 319,457, 327,017, and 247,122 in 1997, 1996, and 1995, respectively. The fair value of shares granted was estimated on the date of the grant using the Black-Scholes option-pricing model with expected stock price volatility of 19% in 1997 and 1995 and 18% in 1996 and additional assumptions for each of those years as follows: risk-free interest rates of 6.1%, 5.4%, and 6.3% in 1997, 1996, and 1995, respectively, an average expected life of one year, and dividends of $1.80 per share. The weighted-average fair value of those purchase rights granted was $4.75, $5.41, and $4.02, in 1997, 1996, and 1995, respectively. The impact on Entergy's net income would have been $48,000, $894,000, and ($315,000) in 1997, 1996, and 1995, respectively, had compensation cost for the ESIP been determined based on the fair value at the grant date for awards under the ESIP consistent with the method prescribed by SFAS 123. Entergy sponsors the Employee Stock Ownership Plan of Entergy Corporation and Subsidiaries (ESOP) and the Savings Plan of Entergy Corporation and Subsidiaries (Savings Plan). Both plans are defined contribution plans covering eligible employees of Entergy and its subsidiaries who have completed certain service requirements. Entergy's subsidiaries' contributions to the ESOP and the Savings Plan, and any income thereon, are invested in shares of Entergy Corporation common stock. The allowed contributions to the ESOP are accrued based on the expected utilization of additional investment tax credits in the applicable federal income tax return of Entergy and its subsidiaries, and on expected voluntary participant contributions. Entergy's subsidiaries contributed $22.8 million to the ESOP for the year ended December 31, 1995. There were no contributions in the years ended December 31, 1996 and 1997. The Savings Plan provides that the employing Entergy subsidiary may make matching contributions to the plan in an amount equal to 50% of the participant's basic contribution up to 6% of their salary. In 1997, 1996, and 1995, Entergy's subsidiaries contributed $13.2 million annually to the Entergy Savings Plan. Entergy Gulf States sponsors the Gulf States Utilities Company Employee Stock Ownership Plan (GSU ESOP) and the Gulf States Utilities Company Employees' Thrift Plan (GSU Thrift Plan), which are both defined contribution plans. The GSU ESOP is available to all Entergy Gulf States employees, pre-Merger Entergy Gulf States employees, and post-Merger employees of Entergy Operations, whose primary work location is River Bend, upon completion of certain eligibility requirements. All contributions to the plan are invested in shares of Entergy Corporation common stock. Entergy Gulf States makes contributions to the GSU ESOP based on expected utilization of additional investment tax credits in the Entergy Gulf States federal tax return and on expected participants' contributions. No additional contributions were made to the GSU ESOP during 1997, 1996, and 1995. The GSU Thrift Plan is available to certain Entergy Operations employees whose primary work location is River Bend. Entergy Gulf States makes matching contributions to the GSU Thrift Plan equal to 50% of a participant's basic contribution which may be invested, at the participant's discretion, in shares of Entergy Corporation common stock. Entergy Gulf States' contributions to the GSU Thrift Plan for the years ended December 31, 1997, 1996, and 1995 were $306,000, $300,000, and $1.1 million, respectively. NOTE 6. COMPANY-OBLIGATED REDEEMABLE PREFERRED SECURITIES (Entergy Arkansas, Entergy Louisiana, Entergy Gulf States) Entergy Arkansas Capital I, Entergy Louisiana Capital I, and Entergy Gulf States Capital I (Trusts) were established as financing subsidiaries of Entergy Arkansas, Entergy Louisiana, and Entergy Gulf States, respectively, for the purpose of issuing common and preferred securities. The Trusts issued Cumulative Quarterly Income Preferred Securities (Preferred Securities) to the public and common securities to their respective parent companies and used the proceeds from the sale to purchase, from their respective parent company, junior subordinated deferrable interest debentures (Debentures). The Debentures held by each Trust are its only assets and each Trust will use interest payments received on the Debentures owned by it to make cash distributions on the Preferred Securities.
Fair Market Interest Trust's Value of Preferred Common Rate Investment Preferred Date Securities Securities Securities in Securities at Trusts of Issue Issued Issued Debentures Debentures 12/31/97 Arkansas Capital I 8-14-96 $60.0 $1.9 8.50% $61.9 $62.0 Louisiana Capital I 7-16-96 $70.0 $2.2 9.00% $72.2 $74.0 Gulf States Capital I 1-28-97 $85.0 $2.6 8.75% $87.6 $88.6
The Preferred Securities of the Trusts of Entergy Arkansas and Entergy Louisiana will mature on September 30, 2045 and will mature on March 31, 2046 for Entergy Gulf States. The Preferred Securities are redeemable at 100% of their principal amount at the option of Entergy Arkansas and Entergy Louisiana beginning in 2001, and at the option of Entergy Gulf States beginning in 2002, or earlier under certain limited circumstances, including the loss of the tax deduction arising out of the interest paid on the Debentures. Entergy Arkansas, Entergy Louisiana, and Entergy Gulf States have, pursuant to certain agreements, fully and unconditionally guaranteed payment of distributions on the Preferred Securities issued by their respective trusts. Entergy Arkansas, Entergy Louisiana, and Entergy Gulf States are the owners of all of the common securities of their individual Trusts, which constitute 3% of each Trust's total capital. (Entergy London) Entergy London Capital, L.P. (Entergy London Capital), a limited partnership, was established as a financing subsidiary of Entergy London for the purpose of issuing preferred securities. On November 19, 1997, the limited partnership issued $300 million in aggregate liquidation preference amount of 8.625% Cumulative Quarterly Income Preferred Securities in a public offering. All of the proceeds from the sale of these preferred securities were invested by Entergy London Capital in the Perpetual Junior Subordinated Debentures issued by Entergy London to Entergy London Capital. Entergy London used the net proceeds from such investment, together with other funds available to Entergy London, to repay a portion of indebtedness incurred in connection with the acquisition of London Electricity. These debentures will be payable in U.S. dollars. Management's estimate of the fair value of these preferred securities as of December 31, 1997, was $303 million, based on the New York Stock Exchange closing price. Entergy London has entered into currency exchange rate swap agreements to hedge the risk associated with exchange rate fluctuations. The exchange rate swap agreements hedging this risk involve the exchange of fixed rate U.S. dollars and BPS interest payments periodically over seven years. Management's estimate of the fair value of the currency swaps outstanding as of December 31, 1997, based on quoted interest and currency exchange rates, is a net asset of approximately $2.0 million. The preferred securities of the partnership, as well as the debentures, have no stated date of maturity. The preferred securities are redeemable at the option of Entergy London on or after November 19, 2002, at 100% of their principal amount, or earlier under certain limited circumstances, including the loss of the tax deduction arising out of the interest paid on the debentures. Entergy London is the sole General Partner in Entergy London Capital, and has agreed to maintain ownership of 1% of all capital of Entergy London Capital. NOTE 7. LONG - TERM DEBT (Entergy Corporation, Entergy Arkansas, Entergy Gulf States, Entergy Louisiana, Entergy Mississippi, Entergy New Orleans, System Energy, and Entergy London) The long-term debt of Entergy Corporation's subsidiaries, Entergy Arkansas, Entergy Gulf States, Entergy Louisiana, Entergy Mississippi, Entergy New Orleans, System Energy, and Entergy London as of December 31, 1997, was:
Maturities Interest Entergy Entergy Entergy Entergy Entergy System Entergy From To From To Entergy Arkansas Gulf States Louisiana Mississippi New Orleans Energy London (In Thousands) First Mortgage Bonds 1998 1999 6.000% 11.375% $491,000 $15,000 $211,000 $35,000 $230,000 2000 2004 6.000% 8.250% 1,435,270 265,000 603,750 361,520 205,000 2005 2009 6.650% 7.500% 313,000 215,000 98,000 2010 2019 9.750% 75,000 75,000 2020 2026 7.000% 10.000% 939,011 289,061 444,950 205,000 G&R Bonds 2000 2023 6.625% 8.800% 590,000 $420,000 $170,000 Governmental Obligations(a) 1998 2008 5.900% 8.750% 104,617 47,190 45,010 11,532 885 2009 2026 5.600% 9.875% 1,596,735 286,200 435,735 412,170 46,030 416,600 Debentures 1998 2000 7.380% 9.720% 125,000 50,000 75,000 Eurobonds 2003 2005 8.000% 8.625% 325,940 $325,940 Loan Notes Due 2003(b) 33,814 33,814 Revolving Bank Debt Facility: Facility A, avg rate 8.789% due 2002 1,332,774 1,332,774 Facility B,(Entergy International Ltd LLC) 117,000 EPDC Revolving Credit Facility due 2000 70,307 Saltend Project Senior Credit Facility/2014 39,610 Long-Term DOE Obligation (Note 9) 123,506 123,506 Waterford 3 Lease Obligation 8.09% (Note 10) 353,600 353,600 Grand Gulf Lease Obligation 7.02% (Note 10) 489,162 489,162 EP Edegel, Inc. Note Payable, due 2000 67,000 CitiPower Crt Line avg rate 8.31% due 2000 715,330 Other Long-Term Debt 149,201 9,937 47,382 Unamortized Premium and Discount - Net (27,878) (10,447) (4,773) (5,058) (2,739) (1,047) (3,814) -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Total Long-Term Debt 9,458,999 1,305,510 1,893,609 1,373,764 464,176 168,953 1,411,948 1,739,910 Less Amount Due Within One Year 390,674 60,650 190,890 35,300 20 - 70,000 33,814 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Long-Term Debt Excluding Amount Due Within One Year $9,068,325 $1,244,860 $1,702,719 $1,338,464 $464,156 $168,953 $1,341,948 $1,706,096 ======================================================================================= Fair Value of Long-Term Debt (c) $8,635,583 $1,223,591 $1,990,881 $1,074,053 $488,145 $171,199 $969,724 $1,708,743 =======================================================================================
The long-term debt of Entergy Corporation's subsidiaries, Entergy Arkansas, Entergy Gulf States, Entergy Louisiana, Entergy Mississippi, Entergy New Orleans, and System Energy, as of December 31, 1996, was:
Maturities Interest Entergy Entergy Entergy Entergy System From To From To Entergy Arkansas Gulf States Louisiana Mississippi New Orleans Energy (In Thousands) First Mortgage Bonds 1997 1999 5.375% 11.375% $687,000 $45,000 $321,000 $69,000 $12,000 $240,000 2000 2004 6.000% 8.250% 1,355,270 180,000 608,750 361,520 205,000 2005 2009 6.650% 7.500% 325,000 215,000 110,000 2010 2019 9.750% 75,000 75,000 2020 2026 7.000% 10.000% 1,031,648 376,648 450,000 205,000 G&R Bonds 1997 1999 6.950% 11.2% 96,000 $ 96,000 2000 2023 6.625% 8.800% 525,000 355,000 170,000 Governmental Obligations (a) 1997 2008 5.900% 10.000% 108,267 49,655 45,875 11,837 900 2009 2026 5.950% 9.875% 1,551,235 240,700 435,735 412,170 46,030 416,600 Debentures 1997 2000 7.380% 9.720% 175,000 100,000 75,000 Long-Term DOE Obligation (Note9) 117,270 117,270 Waterford 3 Lease Obligation 8.76% (Note 10) 353,600 353,600 Grand Gulf Lease Obligation 7.02% (Note 10) 496,480 496,480 Line of Credit, variable rate due 1998 65,000 CitiPower Credit Line avg.rate 8.31% due 2000 921,553 Other Long-Term Debt 83,411 9,938 Unamortized Premium and Discount-Net (30,310) (11,420) (5,087) (5,619) (2,861) (1,112) (4,211) ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Total Long-Term Debt 7,936,424 1,287,853 2,076,211 1,407,508 495,069 180,888 1,428,869 Less Amount Within One Year 345,620 32,465 160,865 34,275 96,015 12,000 10,000 ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Long-Term Debt Excluding Amount Due Within One Year $7,590,804 $1,255,388 $1,915,346 $1,373,233 $399,054 $168,888 $1,418,869 ====================================================================================== Fair Value of Long-Term Debt (c) $7,087,027 $1,160,377 $2,142,389 $1,104,891 $503,461 $175,566 $ 982,423 ======================================================================================
(a) Consists of pollution control bonds, certain series of which are secured by non-interest bearing first mortgage bonds. (b) Loan notes are included as current maturities of long-term debt based on the option of the holders to redeem such notes on March 31 of each year until their final maturity on March 31, 2003. (c) The fair value excludes lease obligations, long-term DOE obligations, and other long-term debt and includes debt due within one year. It is determined using bid prices reported by dealer markets and by nationally recognized investment banking firms. See Note 1 for additional information. The annual long-term debt maturities (excluding lease obligations) and annual cash sinking fund requirements for debt outstanding as of December 31, 1997, for the next five years are as follows:
Entergy Entergy Entergy Entergy System Entergy Entergy(a) Arkansas(b) Gulf States(c) Louisiana(d) Mississippi Energy London (In Thousands) 1998 $ 390,674 $60,650 $190,890 $35,300 $ 20 $70,000 $33,814 1999 232,538 365 71,915 238 20 160,000 - 2000 1,029,047 220 945 100,225 20 75,000 - 2001 277,710 35 123,725 18,925 25 135,000 - 2002 1,946,328 110,135 151,010 217,484 65,025 70,000 1,332,774
(a) Not included are other sinking fund requirements of approximately $15.8 million annually, which may be satisfied by cash or by certification of property additions at the rate of 167% of such requirements. (b) Not included are other sinking fund requirements of approximately $0.79 million annually, which may be satisfied by cash or by certification of property additions at the rate of 167% of such requirements. (c) Not included are other sinking fund requirements of approximately $11.6 million annually, which may be satisfied by cash or by certification of property additions at the rate of 167% of such requirements. (d) Not included are other sinking fund requirements of approximately $3.41 million annually, which may be satisfied by cash or by certification of property additions at the rate of 167% of such requirements. Entergy Gulf States has two outstanding series of pollution control bonds collateralized by irrevocable letters of credit, which are scheduled to expire before the scheduled maturity of the bonds. The letter of credit collateralizing the $28.4 million variable-rate series, due December 1, 2015, expires in September 1999 and the letter of credit collateralizing the $20 million variable-rate series, due April 1, 2016, expires in February 1999. Entergy's subsidiary, CitiPower, established a variable rate revolving credit facility in the aggregate amount of 1.2 billion Australian dollars ($780 million) on January 5, 1996. The facility is fully collateralized by all of CitiPower's assets and is non-recourse to Entergy. Borrowings have maturities of 30 to 185 days, and are continuously renewable for 30 to 185 day periods at CitiPower's option until the facility matures on June 30, 2000. As of December 31, 1997, the facility was drawn down to 1.1 billion Australian dollars ($715.3 million) at an average interest rate of 5.30%. Credit support is provided to facility banks in the form of a subordinated letter of credit supplied by the Commonwealth Bank of Australia. The letter of credit matures on January 21, 1999, and is for an amount of 70 million Australian dollars ($45.5 million). The letter of credit is fully collateralized by a second-ranking security interest in all of CitiPower's assets and is non-recourse to Entergy. CitiPower entered into several interest rate swaps to reduce the impact of interest rate changes on the borrowings under its variable rate line of credit. The interest rate swap agreements which hedge this debt involve the exchange of fixed and floating rate interest payments periodically over the life of the agreements. Interest is recognized currently based on the fixed rate of interest resulting from use of these swap agreements. Market risks arise from the movements in interest rates. If the counterparties to an interest rate swap agreement were to default on contractual payments, the subsidiary could be exposed to increased costs related to replacing the original agreement. However, CitiPower does not anticipate nonperformance by any counterparty to any interest rate swap in effect as of December 31, 1997. As of December 31, 1997, CitiPower was a party to interest rate swaps having a notional amount of 900 million Australian dollars with maturity dates ranging from February 1999 to December 2000, which effectively fixed the rate of interest on the CitiPower credit line at 7.70%. CitiPower is also a party to an additional swap with a notional amount of 32 million Australian dollars and a maturity date of December 2009. The estimated fair value of the interest rate swaps, which represents the estimated amount CitiPower would pay to terminate the swaps at December 31, 1997, based on quoted interest rates, is a net liability of $28 million. See Note 1 for a discussion of Entergy accounting policies regarding interest rate swaps. Entergy London executed a credit facility with several banks on December 17, 1996, to obtain credit facilities in the aggregate amount of approximately BPS1.25 billion ($2.1 billion). Proceeds of this facility, which were in three tranches, were used, together with $392 million of cash provided by Entergy, to fund the acquisition of, and to provide working capital for, London Electricity. The facilities were refinanced in November 1997. New or restated borrowing facilities were negotiated and Cumulative Quarterly Income Preferred Securities were issued (see Note 6 for more information) to partially replace one of the tranches. The restated credit facility is non-recourse to Entergy and is collateralized by certain assets of Entergy London, consisting of 65% of the shares of London Electricity. The maturity dates of the various tranches of the credit facility range from December 17, 2001, to October 31, 2002. The interest rate on these facilities is the London Interbank Offered Rate plus up to 1.00%, depending on the capitalization ratio of Entergy London and its subsidiaries. A portion of the amended and restated facility ($1.3 billion), and related interest rate swaps, are now obligations of Entergy UK Limited, an indirect, wholly-owned subsidiary of Entergy Corporation. These obligations are still reflected in the financial statements of Entergy London, however, because the facility is guaranteed by Entergy London, Entergy UK Limited's indirect, wholly-owned subsidiary. Entergy London recognizes the interest expense associated with this debt in its financial statements, with a credit to shareholder's equity for the same amount. This credit to shareholder's equity offsets dividends as they are declared from Entergy London to Entergy UK Limited. These dividends are the funding mechanism for Entergy UK Limited to service this debt. Management intends to declare future dividends from Entergy London to enable Entergy UK Limited to continue to service this debt. Entergy London entered into interest rate swaps to reduce the impact of interest rate changes on its debt related to the London Electricity acquisition. The interest rate swap agreements involve the exchange of floating rate interest payments for fixed rate interest payments over the life of the agreements. Entergy London recognizes interest expense currently based on the fixed rate of interest resulting from use of these swap agreements. If the counterparties to an interest rate swap agreement were to default on contractual payments, Entergy London could be exposed to increased costs related to replacing the original agreement. However, management does not anticipate nonperformance by any counterparty to any interest rate swap in effect as of December 31, 1997. As of December 31, 1997, Entergy London was party to interest rate swaps having a notional amount of BPS600 million with maturity dates ranging from March 1999 to September 2001, which effectively fixed the rate of interest at 7.48%. The estimated fair value of the interest rate swaps, which represents the estimated amount Entergy London would pay to terminate the swaps as of December 31, 1997, based on quoted interest rates, is a net liability of $11 million. See Note 1 for a discussion of Entergy's accounting policies regarding interest rate swaps. In August 1997, EPDC entered into a BPS50 million ($82.5 million) credit facility to finance the acquisition of the Damhead Creek project. In December 1997, EPDC amended the credit facility and increased the amount of the revolver to BPS100 million ($165 million). As of December 31, 1997, approximately BPS97.4 million ($160.2 million) was outstanding under this facility. The interest rate on the outstanding borrowings was 7.84% at December 31, 1997. In December 1997, Saltend Cogeneration Company (SCC), an indirect wholly-owned subsidiary of EPDC, entered into a BPS646 million ($1.07 billion) non-recourse senior credit facility (Senior Credit Facility) to finance the construction of a 1200 MW gas-fired power plant in Hull, England. Borrowings under the Senior Credit Facility are payable after completion of construction over a 15-year period beginning December 31, 2000. SCC also entered into a BPS72 million ($118 million) Subordinated Credit Facility that provides funding upon the earlier of completion of construction or July 31, 2000. The proceeds of borrowings under this facility will be used to repay a portion of the Senior Credit Facility. The Subordinated Credit Facility is payable over a 10-year period beginning December 31, 2000. The Senior Credit Facility is collateralized by all of the assets of SCC. Furthermore, the credit facilities require SCC to enter into interest rate hedges for a significant portion of the project debt. Certain cash balances, primarily related to SCC, are restricted from being used to make loans and advances or to pay dividends to EPDC by the amount required for debt payments, letter of credit expenses, and permitted project costs. The total restricted cash was $2.6 million as of December 31, 1997. On January 16, 1998, Entergy Arkansas redeemed, in full at par, prior to its maturity, $45.5 million of its 1977 6 1/8% Series Jefferson County pollution control revenue bonds due October 1, 2007, with proceeds of 5.6% pollution control revenue bonds, due October 1, 2017, issued in December 1997. NOTE 8. DIVIDEND RESTRICTIONS (Entergy Corporation, Entergy Arkansas, Entergy Gulf States, Entergy Louisiana, Entergy Mississippi, Entergy New Orleans, System Energy, and Entergy London) Provisions within the Articles of Incorporation or pertinent indentures and various other agreements relating to the long-term debt and preferred stock of certain of Entergy Corporation's subsidiaries restrict the payment of cash dividends or other distributions on their common and preferred stock. Additionally, PUHCA prohibits Entergy Corporation's subsidiaries from making loans or advances to Entergy Corporation. Detailed below are the restricted retained earnings unavailable for distribution to Entergy Corporation by subsidiary. Restricted Earnings (in millions) Entergy Arkansas $291.3 Entergy Mississippi 15.8 During 1997, cash dividends paid to Entergy Corporation by its subsidiaries totaled $550.2 million. In February 1998, Entergy Corporation received common stock dividend payments from its subsidiaries totaling $103.9 million. NOTE 9. COMMITMENTS AND CONTINGENCIES Cajun - River Bend Litigation (Entergy Corporation and Entergy Gulf States) Entergy Gulf States and Cajun, respectively, owned 70% and 30% undivided interests in River Bend (operated by Entergy Gulf States), and own 42% and 58% undivided interests in Big Cajun 2, Unit 3 (operated by Cajun). These relationships spawned a number of long- standing disputes and claims between the parties. An agreement setting forth terms for the resolution of all such disputes was reached by Entergy Gulf States, the Cajun bankruptcy trustee, and the RUS, and was approved by the United States District Court for the Middle District of Louisiana (District Court) on August 26, 1996 (Cajun Settlement). The Cajun Settlement was consummated on December 23, 1997. The Cajun Settlement includes, but is not limited to, the following elements: (i) Cajun's 30% interest in River Bend was transferred, at the behest of the RUS, by Cajun's Trustee in Bankruptcy to Entergy Gulf States; (ii) Cajun set aside in trust a total of $132 million for its share of the decommissioning costs of River Bend; (iii) Cajun transferred certain transmission assets to Entergy Gulf States; (iv) Cajun and Entergy Gulf States settled transmission disputes and released each other from claims for payment under transmission arrangements; (v) all funds paid by Entergy Gulf States into the registry of the District Court, which totaled over $102 million on December 23, 1997, were returned to Entergy Gulf States; (vi) Cajun was released from its unpaid past, present, and future liability to Entergy Gulf States for River Bend costs and expenses; and (vii) all remaining litigation between Cajun and Entergy Gulf States was dismissed. Based on the District Court's approval of the Cajun Settlement, a litigation accrual established in 1994 for possible losses associated with the Cajun-River Bend litigation was reversed in September 1996. The consummation of the Cajun Settlement resulted in an addition to net income for Entergy Gulf States of $146 million in 1997. Proponents of all of the plans of reorganization submitted to the Bankruptcy Court in the Cajun bankruptcy case have incorporated the Cajun Settlement as an integral condition to the effectiveness of their plans. The Bankruptcy Court has approved proposals by three groups seeking to acquire the non-nuclear assets of Cajun and has signed an order that establishes rules for how Cajun's creditors will vote on the three plans. On December 16, 1996, the Bankruptcy Court began hearings on the balloting and the plan that will be adopted. Additional hearings are scheduled for 1998. Cajun - Coal Contracts (Entergy Corporation and Entergy Gulf States) On January 13, 1997, Entergy Gulf States filed a declaratory judgment action in the U.S. Bankruptcy Court in which the Cajun bankruptcy is pending, seeking a ruling that Entergy Gulf States would not be liable for damages to certain coal suppliers for Big Cajun 2, Unit 3, if the Cajun bankruptcy trustee were to reject their coal contracts as a part of a plan of reorganization in the bankruptcy proceeding. In its pleading, Entergy Gulf States took the position that it was not a party to, and had no liability under, those coal contracts. On February 12, 1997, the coal suppliers and the Cajun bankruptcy trustee filed a response in the declaratory judgment action and made certain counterclaims and crossclaims. The coal suppliers contended that Entergy Gulf States' declaratory judgment action should be dismissed and, in the alternative, argued that Cajun was Entergy Gulf States' agent in the procurement of coal for Big Cajun 2, Unit 3, and that Entergy Gulf States was a party to and had liability under the coal supply contracts. On September 4, 1997, the U.S. Bankruptcy Court ruled that Entergy Gulf States was not liable for the Cajun coal contracts. The coal suppliers have subsequently appealed this decision to the District Court, and oral argument on the appeal is set for April 1998. Capital Requirements and Financing (Entergy Corporation, Entergy Arkansas, Entergy Gulf States, Entergy Louisiana, Entergy Mississippi, Entergy New Orleans, Entergy London, and System Energy) Construction expenditures (excluding nuclear fuel) for the domestic utility companies, System Energy, and Entergy London for the years 1998, 1999, and 2000 are estimated to total $734 million, $644 million, and $680 million, respectively. Entergy will also require $1.887 billion during the period 1998-2000 to meet long-term debt and preferred stock maturities and cash sinking fund requirements. Entergy plans to meet these requirements primarily with internally generated funds and cash on hand, supplemented by proceeds of the issuance of debt and company-obligated mandatorily redeemable preferred securities and from outstanding credit facilities. Certain domestic utility companies and System Energy may also continue with the acquisition or refinancing of all or a portion of certain outstanding series of preferred stock and long-term debt. See Notes 5, 6, and 7 for further information. Grand Gulf 1-Related Agreements Capital Funds Agreement (Entergy Corporation and System Energy) Entergy Corporation has agreed to supply System Energy with sufficient capital to (i) maintain System Energy's equity capital at an amount equal to a minimum of 35% of its total capitalization (excluding short-term debt), and (ii) permit the continued commercial operation of Grand Gulf 1 and pay in full all indebtedness for borrowed money of System Energy when due. In addition, under supplements to the Capital Funds Agreement assigning System Energy's rights as security for specific debt of System Energy, Entergy Corporation has agreed to make cash capital contributions to enable System Energy to make payments on such debt when due. System Energy has entered into agreements with Entergy Arkansas, Entergy Louisiana, Entergy Mississippi, and Entergy New Orleans whereby they are obligated to purchase their respective entitlements of capacity and energy from System Energy's 90% ownership and leasehold interest in Grand Gulf 1, and to make payments that, together with other available funds, are adequate to cover System Energy's operating expenses. System Energy would have to secure funds from other sources, including Entergy Corporation's obligations under the Capital Funds Agreement, to cover any shortfalls from payments received from Entergy Arkansas, Entergy Louisiana, Entergy Mississippi, and Entergy New Orleans under these agreements. Unit Power Sales Agreement (Entergy Arkansas, Entergy Louisiana, Entergy Mississippi, Entergy New Orleans, and System Energy) System Energy has agreed to sell all of its 90% owned and leased share of capacity and energy from Grand Gulf 1 to Entergy Arkansas, Entergy Louisiana, Entergy Mississippi, and Entergy New Orleans in accordance with specified percentages (Entergy Arkansas-36%, Entergy Louisiana-14%, Entergy Mississippi-33%, and Entergy New Orleans-17%) as ordered by FERC. Charges under this agreement are paid in consideration for the purchasing companies' respective entitlement to receive capacity and energy and are payable irrespective of the quantity of energy delivered so long as the unit remains in commercial operation. The agreement will remain in effect until terminated by the parties and approved by FERC, most likely upon Grand Gulf 1's retirement from service. Monthly obligations for payments, including the rate increase that was placed into effect in December 1995, subject to refund, under the agreement are approximately $21 million, $8 million, $19 million, and $10 million for Entergy Arkansas, Entergy Louisiana, Entergy Mississippi, and Entergy New Orleans, respectively. Availability Agreement (Entergy Arkansas, Entergy Louisiana, Entergy Mississippi, Entergy New Orleans, and System Energy) Entergy Arkansas, Entergy Louisiana, Entergy Mississippi, and Entergy New Orleans are individually obligated to make payments or subordinated advances to System Energy in accordance with stated percentages (Entergy Arkansas-17.1%, Entergy Louisiana-26.9%, Entergy Mississippi-31.3%, and Entergy New Orleans-24.7%) in amounts that, when added to amounts received under the Unit Power Sales Agreement or otherwise, are adequate to cover all of System Energy's operating expenses as defined, including an amount sufficient to amortize the cost of Grand Gulf 2 over 27 years. (See Reallocation Agreement terms below.) System Energy has assigned its rights to payments and advances to certain creditors as security for certain obligations. Since commercial operation of Grand Gulf 1, payments under the Unit Power Sales Agreement have exceeded the amounts payable under the Availability Agreement. Accordingly, no payments under the Availability Agreement have ever been required. If Entergy Arkansas or Entergy Mississippi fails to make its Unit Power Sales Agreement payments, and System Energy is unable to obtain funds from other sources, Entergy Louisiana and Entergy New Orleans could become subject to claims or demands by System Energy or its creditors for payments or advances under the Availability Agreement (or the assignments thereof) equal to the difference between their required Unit Power Sales Agreement payments and their required Availability Agreement payments. Reallocation Agreement (Entergy Arkansas, Entergy Louisiana, Entergy Mississippi, Entergy New Orleans, and System Energy) System Energy, Entergy Arkansas, Entergy Louisiana, Entergy Mississippi, and Entergy New Orleans entered into the Reallocation Agreement relating to the sale of capacity and energy from Grand Gulf and the related costs, in which Entergy Louisiana, Entergy Mississippi, and Entergy New Orleans agreed to assume all of Entergy Arkansas' responsibilities and obligations with respect to Grand Gulf under the Availability Agreement. FERC's decision allocating a portion of Grand Gulf 1 capacity and energy to Entergy Arkansas supersedes the Reallocation Agreement as it relates to Grand Gulf 1. Responsibility for any Grand Gulf 2 amortization amounts has been individually allocated (Entergy Louisiana-26.23%, Entergy Mississippi-43.97%, and Entergy New Orleans-29.80%) under the terms of the Reallocation Agreement. However, the Reallocation Agreement does not affect Entergy Arkansas' obligation to System Energy's lenders under the assignments referred to in the preceding paragraph. Entergy Arkansas would be liable for its share of such amounts if Entergy Louisiana, Entergy Mississippi, and Entergy New Orleans were unable to meet their contractual obligations. No payments of any amortization amounts will be required so long as amounts paid to System Energy under the Unit Power Sales Agreement, including other funds available to System Energy, exceed amounts required under the Availability Agreement, which is expected to be the case for the foreseeable future. Reimbursement Agreement (System Energy) In December 1988, System Energy entered into two entirely separate, but identical, arrangements for the sale and leaseback of an approximate aggregate 11.5% ownership interest in Grand Gulf 1 (see Note 10). In connection with the equity funding of the sale and leaseback arrangements, letters of credit are required to be maintained to secure certain amounts payable for the benefit of the equity investors by System Energy under the leases. The current letters of credit are effective until January 15, 2000. Under the provisions of a bank letter of credit reimbursement agreement, System Energy has agreed to a number of covenants relating to the maintenance of certain capitalization and fixed charge coverage ratios. System Energy agreed, during the term of the reimbursement agreement, to maintain its equity at not less than 33% of its adjusted capitalization (defined in the reimbursement agreement to include certain amounts not included in capitalization for financial statement purposes). In addition, System Energy must maintain, with respect to each fiscal quarter during the term of the reimbursement agreement, a ratio of adjusted net income to interest expense (calculated, in each case, as specified in the reimbursement agreement) of at least 1.60 times earnings. As of December 31, 1997, System Energy's equity approximated 34.80% of its adjusted capitalization, and its fixed charge coverage ratio was 2.43. Fuel Purchase Agreements (Entergy Arkansas and Entergy Mississippi) Entergy Arkansas has long-term contracts with mines in the State of Wyoming for the supply of low-sulfur coal for White Bluff and Independence (which is 25% owned by Entergy Mississippi). These contracts, which expire in 2002 and 2011, provide for approximately 85% of Entergy Arkansas' expected annual coal requirements. Additional requirements are satisfied by spot market purchases. (Entergy Gulf States) Entergy Gulf States has a contract for a supply of low-sulfur Wyoming coal for Nelson Unit 6, which should be sufficient to satisfy the fuel requirements at Nelson Unit 6 through 2010. Cajun has advised Entergy Gulf States that Cajun has contracts that should provide an adequate supply of coal until 1999 for the operation of Big Cajun 2, Unit 3. Entergy Gulf States has long-term gas contracts which will satisfy approximately 21% of its annual requirements, which is the minimum volume Entergy Gulf States is required to purchase under the contracts. Additional gas requirements are satisfied under less expensive short- term contracts. Entergy Gulf States has a transportation service agreement with a gas supplier that provides flexible natural gas service to the Sabine and Lewis Creek generating stations. This service is provided by the supplier's pipeline and salt dome gas storage facility, which has a present capacity of 12.7 billion cubic feet. (Entergy Louisiana) In June 1992, Entergy Louisiana agreed to a renegotiated 20-year natural gas supply contract. Entergy Louisiana agreed to purchase natural gas in annual amounts equal to approximately one-third of its projected annual fuel requirements for certain generating units. Annual demand charges associated with this contract are estimated to be $8.6 million through 1997, and a total of $116.6 million for the years 1998 through 2012. Entergy Louisiana recovers the cost of fuel consumed during the generation of electricity through its fuel adjustment clause. Sales Agreements/Power Purchases (Entergy Gulf States) In 1988, Entergy Gulf States entered into a joint venture with a primary term of 20 years with Conoco, Inc., Citgo Petroleum Corporation, and Vista Chemical Company (collectively the Industrial Participants), whereby Entergy Gulf States' Nelson Units 1 and 2 were sold to a partnership (NISCO) consisting of the Industrial Participants and Entergy Gulf States. The Industrial Participants supply the fuel for the units, while Entergy Gulf States operates the units at the discretion of the Industrial Participants and purchases the electricity produced by the units. Entergy Gulf States is continuing to sell electricity to the Industrial Participants. For the years ended December 31, 1997, 1996, and 1995, the purchases by Entergy Gulf States of electricity from the joint venture totaled $70.7 million, $62.0 million, and $58.5 million, respectively. (Entergy Louisiana) Entergy Louisiana has an agreement extending through the year 2031 to purchase energy generated by a hydroelectric facility. During 1997, 1996, and 1995, Entergy Louisiana made payments under the contract of approximately $64.6 million, $56.3 million, and $55.7 million, respectively. If the maximum percentage (94%) of the energy is made available to Entergy Louisiana, current production projections would require estimated payments of approximately $61.0 million in 1998, and a total of $3.7 billion for the years 1999 through 2031. Entergy Louisiana recovers the costs of purchased energy through its fuel adjustment clause. (Entergy London) London Electricity uses CFDs and power purchase contracts with certain UK generators to fix the price of electricity for a contracted quantity over a specific period of time. As of December 31, 1997, London Electricity has outstanding CFDs and power purchase contracts for approximately 40,000 GWH of electricity. These include a long term power purchase contract with an affiliate which is based on 27.5% of the affiliate's capacity from its 1000 MW facility through the year 2010. London Electricity's sales volume was approximately 18,000 GWH in the year ended 1997. Management's estimate of the fair value of London Electricity's CFDs outstanding as of December 31, 1997, is that fair value approximates contract value. (Entergy Corporation) In accordance with the debt covenants included in the financing provisions of the CitiPower acquisition, CitiPower must hedge at least 80% of its energy purchases. CitiPower's current strategy is to hedge approximately 100% of its forecasted energy purchases through energy trading swaps entered into with certain generators. As of December 31, 1997, CitiPower has outstanding energy trading swaps totaling a notional amount of 38,372 MW of average daily load of electricity. These contracts mature through the year 2000. Management's estimate of the fair value of such swaps outstanding at December 31, 1997, is a net liability of approximately $86.1 million. System Fuels (Entergy Arkansas, Entergy Louisiana, Entergy Mississippi, Entergy New Orleans, and System Energy) Entergy Arkansas, Entergy Louisiana, Entergy Mississippi, and Entergy New Orleans have interests in System Fuels of 35%, 33%, 19%, and 13%, respectively. The parent companies of System Fuels have agreed to make loans to System Fuels to finance its fuel procurement, delivery, and storage activities. As of December 31, 1997, Entergy Arkansas, Entergy Louisiana, Entergy Mississippi, and Entergy New Orleans had, respectively, approximately $11 million, $14.2 million, $5.5 million, and $3.3 million in loans outstanding to System Fuels, which loans mature in 2008. Nuclear Insurance (Entergy Corporation, Entergy Arkansas, Entergy Gulf States, Entergy Louisiana, Entergy Mississippi, Entergy New Orleans, and System Energy) The Price-Anderson Act limits public liability for a single nuclear incident to approximately $8.92 billion. Protection for this liability is provided through a combination of private insurance (currently $200 million each for Entergy Arkansas, Entergy Gulf States, Entergy Louisiana, and System Energy) and an industry assessment program. Under the assessment program, the maximum payment requirement for each nuclear incident would be $79.3 million per reactor, payable at a rate of $10 million per licensed reactor per incident per year. Entergy has five licensed reactors. As a co-licensee of Grand Gulf 1 with System Energy, SMEPA would share 10% of this obligation. In addition, each owner/licensee of Entergy's five nuclear units participates in a private insurance program that provides coverage for worker tort claims filed for bodily injury caused by radiation exposure. The program provides for a maximum assessment of approximately $16 million for the five nuclear units in the event losses exceed accumulated reserve funds. Entergy Arkansas, Entergy Gulf States, Entergy Louisiana, and System Energy are also members of certain insurance programs that provide coverage for property damage, including decontamination and premature decommissioning expense, to members' nuclear generating plants. As of December 31, 1997, Entergy Arkansas, Entergy Gulf States, Entergy Louisiana, and System Energy each was insured against such losses up to $2.3 billion. In addition, Entergy Arkansas, Entergy Gulf States, Entergy Louisiana, Entergy Mississippi, and Entergy New Orleans are members of an insurance program that covers certain replacement power and business interruption costs incurred due to prolonged nuclear unit outages. Under the property damage and replacement power/business interruption insurance programs, these Entergy subsidiaries could be subject to assessments if losses exceed the accumulated funds available to the insurers. As of December 31, 1997, the maximum amounts of such possible assessments were: Entergy Arkansas - $25.3 million; Entergy Gulf States - $8.8 million; Entergy Louisiana - $19.9 million; Entergy Mississippi - $1.0 million; Entergy New Orleans - $0.5 million; and System Energy - $17.0 million. Under its agreement with System Energy, SMEPA would share in System Energy's obligation. The amount of property insurance maintained for each Entergy nuclear unit exceeds the NRC's minimum requirement for nuclear power plant licensees of $1.06 billion per site. NRC regulations provide that the proceeds of this insurance must be used, first, to place and maintain the reactor in a safe and stable condition and, second, to complete decontamination operations. Only after proceeds are dedicated for such use and regulatory approval is secured would any remaining proceeds be made available for the benefit of plant owners or their creditors. Spent Nuclear Fuel and Decommissioning Costs (Entergy Corporation, Entergy Arkansas, Entergy Gulf States, Entergy Louisiana, and System Energy) Entergy Arkansas, Entergy Gulf States, Entergy Louisiana, and System Energy provide for estimated future disposal costs for spent nuclear fuel in accordance with the Nuclear Waste Policy Act of 1982. The affected Entergy companies entered into contracts with the DOE, whereby the DOE will furnish disposal service at a cost of one mill per net KWH generated and sold after April 7, 1983, plus a one time fee for generation prior to that date. Entergy Arkansas, the only Entergy company that generated electricity with nuclear fuel prior to that date, elected to pay the one-time fee plus accrued interest, no earlier than 1998, and has recorded a liability as of December 31, 1997, of approximately $122 million for generation prior to 1983. The fees payable to the DOE may be adjusted in the future to assure full recovery. Entergy considers all costs incurred or to be incurred, except accrued interest, for the disposal of spent nuclear fuel to be proper components of nuclear fuel expense, and provisions to recover such costs have been or will be made in applications to regulatory authorities. Delays have occurred in the DOE's program for the acceptance and disposal of spent nuclear fuel at a permanent repository. In a statement released February 17, 1993, the DOE asserted that it did not have a legal obligation to accept spent nuclear fuel without an operational repository for which it has not yet arranged. Entergy Operations and System Fuels joined in lawsuits against the DOE, seeking clarification of the DOE's responsibility to receive spent nuclear fuel beginning in 1998. The original suits, filed June 20, 1994, asked for a ruling stating that the Nuclear Waste Policy Act requires the DOE to begin taking title to the spent fuel and to start removing it from nuclear power plants in 1998, a mandate for the DOE's nuclear waste management program to begin accepting fuel in 1998 and for court monitoring of the program, and the potential for escrow of payments to a nuclear waste fund instead of directly to the DOE. Argument in the case before a three-judge panel of the U.S. Court of Appeals was made on January 17, 1996. On July 23, 1996, the court reversed the DOE's interpretation of the 1998 obligation and unanimously ruled that the Nuclear Waste Policy Act creates an unconditional obligation to begin acceptance of spent fuel by 1998, but did not make a ruling on the remedies. On December 17, 1996, the DOE notified contract holders that it anticipated it would not be able to begin such acceptance until after that date. Subsequently, on January 31, 1997, Entergy Operations and a coalition of 36 electric utilities and 46 state agencies filed lawsuits to suspend payments to the Nuclear Waste Fund. The lawsuits ask the court to (i) find that the December 17, 1996, DOE letter demonstrates breach of contract on the part of the DOE; (ii) order utilities to place the Nuclear Waste Fund payments in an escrow account and not provide the funds to the DOE until it fulfills its obligation, (iii) prevent the DOE from taking adverse action against utilities that withhold payments; and (iv) order the DOE to submit a plan to the court describing how the agency intends to fulfill its obligation on an ongoing basis. On November 14, 1997, the court reaffirmed the DOE's unconditional obligation to begin accepting spent fuel by January 31, 1998, and ordered the DOE to proceed with contractual remedies consistent with the DOE's unconditional obligation. Nevertheless, the ruling did not address the plaintiffs' request for authority to withhold payments to the DOE. Therefore, on December 11, 1997, Entergy Operations and a coalition of 27 utilities petitioned the DOE to suspend and escrow future payments to the DOE's waste fund beginning February 1, 1998. On January 12, 1998, the DOE rejected the coalition's petition. On February 19, 1998, Entergy Operations and the coalition of 36 electric utilities filed a motion with the court seeking enforcement of its November 14, 1997 order and other relief. In the meantime, all Entergy companies are responsible for their spent fuel storage. Current on-site spent fuel storage capacity at River Bend, Waterford 3, and Grand Gulf 1 is estimated to be sufficient until 2003, 2000, and 2004, respectively. Thereafter, the affected companies will provide additional storage. Current on-site spent fuel storage capacity at ANO is estimated to be sufficient until 2000. An ANO storage facility using dry casks began operation in 1996. This facility may be expanded further as required. The initial cost of providing the additional on-site spent fuel storage capability required at ANO, River Bend, Waterford 3, and Grand Gulf 1 is expected to be approximately $5 million to $10 million per unit. In addition, about $3 million to $5 million per unit will be required every two to three years subsequent to 2000 for ANO and every four to five years subsequent to 2003, 2000, and 2004 for River Bend, Waterford 3, and Grand Gulf 1, respectively, until the DOE's repository or storage facility begins accepting such units' spent fuel. Total decommissioning costs as of December 31, 1997, for the Entergy nuclear power plants, excluding co-owner shares, have been estimated as follows: Total Estimated Decommissioning Costs (In Millions) ANO 1 and ANO 2 (based on a 1994 interim update to the $ 806.3 1992 cost study) River Bend (based on a 1996 cost study reflecting 1996 dollars) 419.0 Waterford 3 (based on a 1994 updated study in 1993 dollars) 320.1 Grand Gulf 1 (based on a 1994 cost study using 1993 dollars) 365.9 -------- $1,911.3 ======== The estimate for River Bend includes the decommissioning costs related to the 30% share of River Bend formerly owned by Cajun. The 30% share was acquired by Entergy Gulf States in connection with the Cajun Settlement. As a part of the Cajun Settlement, Cajun placed in trust a total of $132 million for its share of the decommissioning costs of River Bend. See "Cajun - River Bend Litigation" above for further discussion regarding the Cajun Settlement. Entergy Arkansas and Entergy Louisiana are authorized to recover in rates amounts that, when added to estimated investment income, should be sufficient to meet the above estimated decommissioning costs for ANO and Waterford 3, respectively. In the Texas retail jurisdiction, Entergy Gulf States is recovering in rates River Bend decommissioning costs (based on the 1991 cost study that totaled $267.8 million) that, with adjustments, total $204.9 million. Entergy Gulf States included decommissioning costs based on the 1996 study in the PUCT rate review filed in November 1996. That review is ongoing. In the Louisiana retail jurisdiction, Entergy Gulf States is currently recovering in rates decommissioning costs (based on a 1985 cost study) which total $141 million. Entergy Gulf States included decommissioning costs (based on the 1991 study) in the LPSC rate review filed in May 1995. In October 1996, the LPSC approved Entergy Gulf States rates that include decommissioning costs based on the 1991 study. The October 1996 LPSC order has been appealed and the decommissioning costs based on the 1991 study have not yet been implemented. Entergy Gulf States included decommissioning costs, based on the 1996 study, in the LPSC rate review filed in May 1996. The LPSC's review is ongoing. However, in June of 1996, a rate decrease was implemented that included decommissioning revenue requirements based on the 1996 study. System Energy was previously recovering in rates amounts sufficient to fund $198 million (in 1989 dollars) of its Grand Gulf 1 decommissioning costs. System Energy included decommissioning costs (based on the 1994 study) in its rate increase filing with FERC. Rates requested in this proceeding were placed into effect in December 1995, subject to refund. FERC has not yet issued an order in the System Energy rate case. Entergy Arkansas, Entergy Gulf States, Entergy Louisiana, and System Energy periodically review and update estimated decommissioning costs. Although Entergy is presently underrecovering for Grand Gulf and River Bend based on the above estimates, applications have been and will continue to be made to the appropriate regulatory authorities to reflect in rates any future change in projected decommissioning costs. The amounts recovered in rates are deposited in trust funds and reported at market value as quoted on nationally traded markets or as determined by widely used pricing services. These trust fund assets largely offset the accumulated decommissioning liability that is recorded as accumulated depreciation for Entergy Arkansas, Entergy Gulf States, and Entergy Louisiana, and as other deferred credits for System Energy and the trust funds received with the transfer of Cajun's 30% share of River Bend. The cumulative liabilities and actual decommissioning expenses recorded in 1997 by Entergy were as follows:
Cumulative 1997 Cumulative Liabilities as of 1997 Trust Decommissioning Liabilities as of December 31, 1996 Earnings Expenses Other December 31, 1997 (In Millions) ANO 1 and ANO 2 $ 200.6 $ 9.1 $ 17.3 $ - $ 227.0 River Bend 39.2 2.0 7.5 132.0 $ 180.7 Waterford 3 49.0 2.4 8.8 - $ 60.2 Grand Gulf 1 60.7 3.5 19.0 - $ 83.2 -------- ------- ------- ------ -------- $ 349.5 $ 17.0 $ 52.6 $132.0 $ 551.1 ======== ======= ======= ====== ========
In 1996 and 1995, ANO's decommissioning expense was $20.1 million and $17.7 million, respectively; River Bend's decommissioning expense was $6.0 million and $8.1 million, respectively; Waterford 3's decommissioning expense was $8.8 million and $7.5 million, respectively; and Grand Gulf 1's decommissioning expense was $19.0 million and $5.4 million, respectively. The actual decommissioning costs may vary from the estimates because of regulatory requirements, changes in technology, and increased costs of labor, materials, and equipment. Management believes that actual decommissioning costs are likely to be higher than the estimated amounts presented above. The SEC has questioned certain of the financial accounting practices of the electric utility industry regarding the recognition, measurement, and classification of decommissioning costs for nuclear plants in the financial statements of electric utilities. In response to these questions, the FASB has been reviewing the accounting for decommissioning and has expanded the scope of its review to include liabilities related to the closure and removal of all long-lived assets. If current electric utility industry accounting practices with respect to nuclear decommissioning and other closure costs are changed, annual provisions for such costs could increase, the estimated cost for decommissioning and closure could be recorded as a liability rather than as accumulated depreciation, and trust fund income from decommissioning trusts could be reported as investment income rather than as a reduction to decommissioning expense. The EPAct has a provision that assesses domestic nuclear utilities with fees for the decontamination and decommissioning of the DOE's past uranium enrichment operations. The decontamination and decommissioning assessments are being used to set up a fund into which contributions from utilities and the federal government will be placed. Entergy Arkansas, Entergy Gulf States, Entergy Louisiana, and System Energy's annual assessments, which will be adjusted annually for inflation, are approximately $3.7 million, $0.9 million, $1.4 million, and $1.5 million (in 1997 dollars), respectively, for approximately 15 years. As of December 31, 1997, Entergy Arkansas, Entergy Gulf States, Entergy Louisiana, and System Energy had recorded liabilities of $33.4 million, $5.8 million, $12.7 million, and $12.5 million, respectively, for decontamination and decommissioning fees in other current liabilities and other noncurrent liabilities, and these liabilities were offset in the consolidated financial statements by regulatory assets. FERC requires that utilities treat these assessments as costs of fuel as they are amortized and recover these costs through rates in the same manner as other fuel costs. ANO Matters (Entergy Corporation and Entergy Arkansas) Cracks in certain steam generator tubes at ANO 2 were discovered and repaired during an outage in March 1992. Further inspections and repairs were conducted at subsequent refueling and mid-cycle outages, including the most recent refueling outage in May 1997. Turbine modifications were installed in May 1997 to restore most of the output lost due to steam generator fouling and tube plugging. The unit may be approaching the current limit for the number of steam generator tubes that can be plugged with the unit in operation. If the established limit is reached during a future outage, it could become necessary for Entergy Operations to insert sleeves in steam generator tubes that were previously plugged. On October 25, 1996, Entergy Corporation's Board of Directors authorized Entergy Arkansas and Entergy Operations to negotiate a contract for the fabrication and replacement of the steam generators at ANO 2. Entergy estimates the cost of fabrication and replacement of the steam generators to be approximately $150 million. Entergy Operations has entered into a contract, with certain cancellation provisions, for the design and fabrication of replacement steam generators. A letter of intent has been issued for the installation of the replacement steam generators. It is anticipated that the steam generators will be installed during a planned refueling outage in 2000. Entergy Operations periodically meets with the NRC to discuss the results of inspections of the steam generator tubes, as well as the timing of future inspections. Environmental Issues (Entergy Gulf States) Entergy Gulf States has been designated as a PRP for the clean-up of certain hazardous waste disposal sites. Entergy Gulf States is currently negotiating with the EPA and state authorities regarding the clean-up of these sites. Several class action and other suits have been filed in state and federal courts seeking relief from Entergy Gulf States and others for damages caused by the disposal of hazardous waste and for asbestos-related disease allegedly resulting from exposure on Entergy Gulf States premises. While the amounts at issue in the clean- up efforts and suits may be substantial, Entergy Gulf States believes that its results of operations and financial condition will not be materially adversely affected by the outcome of the suits. As of December 31, 1997, a remaining recorded provision of $23.8 million existed relating to the clean-up of seven sites at which Entergy Gulf States has been designated a PRP. (Entergy Louisiana) During 1993, the LDEQ issued new rules for solid waste regulation, including regulation of waste water impoundments. Entergy Louisiana has determined that certain of its power plant waste water impoundments were affected by these regulations and has chosen to upgrade or close them. As a result, a remaining recorded liability in the amount of $6.7 million existed as of December 31, 1997, for waste water upgrades and closures. Completion of this work is pending LDEQ approval. Cumulative expenditures relating to the upgrades and closures of waste water impoundments are $7.1 million as of December 31, 1997. City Franchise Ordinances (Entergy New Orleans) Entergy New Orleans provides electric and gas service in the City of New Orleans pursuant to City franchise ordinances that state, among other things, the City has a continuing option to purchase Entergy New Orleans' electric and gas utility properties. Waterford 3 Lease Obligations (Entergy Louisiana) On September 28, 1989, Entergy Louisiana entered into three identical transactions for the sale and leaseback of undivided interests (aggregating approximately 9.3%) in Waterford 3. In July 1997, Entergy Louisiana caused the lessors to issue $307,632,000 aggregate principal amount of Waterford 3 Secured Lease Obligation Bonds, 8.09% Series due 2017, to refinance the outstanding bonds originally issued to finance the purchase of the undivided interests by the lessors. The lease payments will be reduced to reflect the lower interest costs. Upon the occurrence of certain events, Entergy Louisiana may be obligated to pay amounts sufficient to permit the Owner Participants to withdraw from the lease transactions, and Entergy Louisiana may be required to assume the outstanding bonds issued by the Owner Trustee to finance, in part, its acquisition of the undivided interests in Waterford 3. See Note 10 for further information. Employment Litigation (Entergy Corporation, Entergy Arkansas, Entergy Gulf States, Entergy Louisiana, and Entergy New Orleans) Entergy Corporation, Entergy Arkansas, Entergy Gulf States, Entergy Louisiana, and Entergy New Orleans are defendants in numerous lawsuits described below that have been filed by former employees asserting that they were wrongfully terminated and/or discriminated against due to age, race, and/or sex. Entergy Corporation, Entergy Arkansas, Entergy Gulf States, Entergy Louisiana, and Entergy New Orleans are vigorously defending these suits and deny any liability to the plaintiffs. However, no assurance can be given as to the outcome of these cases. (Entergy Corporation, Entergy Louisiana, and Entergy New Orleans) Entergy Corporation, Entergy Louisiana, and Entergy New Orleans are defendants in numerous lawsuits filed in Louisiana state court on behalf of approximately 147 plaintiffs who claim that they were illegally terminated from their jobs due to discrimination on the basis of age. The plaintiffs have requested that the court certify the matter as a class action. On August 13, 1997, the court certified the case as a class action. The court decision to certify a class action has been appealed to the Louisiana Fifth Circuit Court of Appeal. No assurance can be given as to the timing or outcome of these proceedings. (Entergy Corporation and Entergy Arkansas) Entergy Corporation and Entergy Arkansas are defendants in a number of lawsuits filed in federal court on behalf of a total of approximately 60 plaintiffs who claim they were illegally terminated from their jobs due to discrimination on the basis of age or race. The first of these lawsuits, originally involving 29 plaintiffs, was tried before a jury beginning in April 1997. Settlements were reached with two of the plaintiffs prior to the trial. In May 1997, the jury rendered findings as to 22 of the plaintiffs indicating that Entergy had no liability to them for discrimination. However, the jury also found that Entergy had intentionally discriminated against the remaining five plaintiffs on the basis of age. As a result, these five plaintiffs are entitled to damages equal to twice their back pay plus lost future wages, and they will be awarded attorneys' fees in an amount which has not yet been determined by the court. A trial date for another suit involving 18 plaintiffs, originally scheduled for May 1997, has been continued until April 1998. A motion for summary judgment in favor of the defendants is pending in this suit. Another suit, involving a single plaintiff, which had been set for trial in February 1998, has been continued with no new trial date set. Another of the suits, involving a single plaintiff, was settled for an immaterial amount prior to trial in November 1997. Another of the suits, involving nine plaintiffs, has been set for trial in June 1998. The last of these suits is in the discovery stage and has been set for trial in July 1998. (Entergy Corporation and Entergy Gulf States) Entergy Corporation and Entergy Gulf States were defendants in a lawsuit involving approximately 176 plaintiffs filed in state court in Texas by former employees who claim that they lost their jobs as a result of the Merger. The plaintiffs in these cases asserted various claims, including discrimination on the basis of age, race, and/or sex. The court made a preliminary ruling that each plaintiff's claim should be tried separately. However, all of these claims were settled before reaching trial in June 1997. (Entergy Corporation, Entergy Gulf States, and Entergy Louisiana) Entergy Corporation, Entergy Gulf States, and Entergy Louisiana were defendants in a suit filed in federal court in Louisiana by approximately 57 plaintiffs who claimed, among other things, they were wrongfully discharged from their employment on the basis of their age. However, all of these claims were settled before reaching trial in September 1997. Entergy London Agreements and Contracts (Entergy London) Entergy London is subject to an agreement whereby the UK government is entitled to a proportion of certain property gains realized by London Electricity as a result of disposals or events treated as disposals occurring after March 31, 1990, of properties held at that date. This commitment is effective until March 31, 2000. Entergy London has recorded approximately $165 million in reserves as of December 31, 1997, related to unfavorable long-term contracts. These reserves will be amortized over the remaining lives of the contracts which range from 14 to 18 years. The reserves recorded are based on the excess of estimated fair market value of these contracts over the present value of the future cash flows under the contracts at the applicable discount rate and prices. NOTE 10. LEASES General As of December 31, 1997, Entergy had capital leases and noncancelable operating leases for equipment, buildings, vehicles, and fuel storage facilities (excluding nuclear fuel leases and the sale and leaseback transactions) with minimum lease payments as follows: Capital Leases Entergy Entergy Year Entergy Arkansas Gulf States (In Thousands) 1998 $ 27,369 $ 10,953 $ 12,480 1999 27,343 10,953 12,480 2000 25,534 9,646 11,983 2001 23,452 9,646 11,628 2002 19,574 9,646 9,879 Years thereafter 80,512 42,211 38,101 ---------- ---------- ---------- Minimum lease payments 203,784 93,055 96,551 Less: Amount representing interest 68,074 37,311 29,073 Present value of net ---------- ---------- ---------- minimum lease payments $ 135,710 $ 55,744 $ 67,478 ========== ========== ==========
Operating Leases Entergy Entergy Entergy Entergy Year Entergy Arkansas Gulf States Louisiana London (In Thousands) 1998 $67,748 $17,946 $14,429 $5,108 $10,780 1999 65,557 17,913 14,408 4,702 9,831 2000 62,645 17,913 13,801 4,644 9,707 2001 56,473 17,995 11,546 1,178 9,707 2002 55,011 17,772 11,292 1,163 9,589 Years thereafter 334,155 55,886 56,528 - 119,956 -------- -------- -------- ------- -------- Minimum lease payments $641,589 $145,425 $122,004 $16,795 $169,570 ======== ======== ======== ======= ========
Rental expense for Entergy's leases (excluding nuclear fuel leases and the sale and leaseback transactions) amounted to approximately $70.7 million, $62.1 million, and $61.1 million in 1997, 1996, and 1995, respectively. These amounts include $19.7 million, $26.0 million, and $26.0 million, respectively, for Entergy Arkansas; $17.6 million, $11.8 million, and $13.0 million, respectively, for Entergy Gulf States; $12.8 million, $13.7 million, and $13.6 million, respectively, for Entergy Louisiana; and $11.4 million in 1997 for Entergy London. Nuclear Fuel Leases (Entergy Arkansas, Entergy Gulf States, Entergy Louisiana, System Energy) Entergy Arkansas, Entergy Gulf States, Entergy Louisiana, and System Energy each has arrangements to lease nuclear fuel in an aggregate amount up to $140 million, $70 million, $80 million, and $90 million respectively. As of December 31, 1997, the unrecovered cost base of Entergy Arkansas', Entergy Gulf States', Entergy Louisiana's, and System Energy's nuclear fuel leases amounted to approximately $92.6 million, $54.4 million, $57.8 million, and $64.2 million, respectively. The lessors finance the acquisition and ownership of nuclear fuel through credit agreements and the issuance of notes. These agreements are subject to annual renewal with, in Entergy Louisiana's and Entergy Gulf States' case, the consent of the lenders. The credit agreements for Entergy Arkansas, Entergy Gulf States, Entergy Louisiana, and System Energy have been extended and now have termination dates of December 2000, December 2000, January 2001, and February 2001, respectively. The debt securities issued pursuant to these fuel lease arrangements have varying maturities through December 15, 2000. It is expected that the credit agreements will be extended or alternative financing will be secured by each lessor upon the maturity of the current arrangements. If extensions or alternative financing cannot be arranged, the lessee in each case must purchase sufficient nuclear fuel to allow the lessor to retire such borrowings. Lease payments are based on nuclear fuel use. Nuclear fuel lease expense charged to operations by the domestic utility companies in 1997, 1996, and 1995 was $149.7 million (including interest of $18.7 million), $158.5 million (including interest of $21.7 million), and $153.5 million (including interest of $22.1 million), respectively. Specifically, in 1997, 1996, and 1995, Entergy Arkansas' expense was $53.7 million, $53.9 million, and $46.8 million (including interest of $6.4 million, $7.1 million, and $6.7 million), respectively; Entergy Gulf States' expense was $25.5 million, $27.1 million, and $41.4 million (including interest of $3.2 million, $4.2 million, and $6.0 million), respectively; Entergy Louisiana's expense was $29.4 million, $39.8 million, and $30.8 million (including interest of $3.7 million, $4.9 million, and $3.7 million), respectively; System Energy's expense was $41.1 million, $37.7 million, and $34.5 million (including interest of $5.4 million, $5.5 million, and $5.7 million), respectively. Sale and Leaseback Transactions Waterford 3 Lease Obligations (Entergy Louisiana) Entergy Louisiana is the lessee of three separate undivided interests in Waterford 3 under three separate, but substantially identical, long-term net leases. The lessors under such leases acquired the undivided interests (aggregating approximately 9.3%) in Waterford 3 from Entergy Louisiana in three separate sale-leaseback transactions that occurred in 1989. Entergy Louisiana is leasing back the interests on a net lease basis over an approximate 28-year basic lease term. Approximately 87.7% of the aggregate consideration paid by the lessors for their respective undivided interests was provided to the lessors from the issuance of Waterford 3 Secured Lease Obligation Bonds (Initial Series Bonds) in 1989. Interests were acquired from Entergy Louisiana with funds obtained from the issuance and sale by the purchasers of intermediate-term and long-term secured lease obligation bonds. The lease payments to be made by Entergy Louisiana will be sufficient to service such debt. Entergy Louisiana did not exercise its option to repurchase the undivided interests in Waterford 3 in September 1994. As a result, Entergy Louisiana was required to provide collateral for the equity portion of certain amounts payable by Entergy Louisiana under the leases. Such collateral was in the form of a new series of non- interest-bearing first mortgage bonds in the aggregate principal amount of $208.2 million issued by Entergy Louisiana in September 1994. In July 1997, Entergy Louisiana caused the Waterford 3 lessors to issue $307,632,000 aggregate principal amount of Waterford 3 Secured Lease Obligation Bonds, 8.09% Series due 2017, to refinance the outstanding bonds originally issued to finance the purchase of the undivided interests by the lessors. The lease payments have been reduced to reflect the lower interest costs. Upon the occurrence of certain events (including lease events of default, events of loss, deemed loss events or certain adverse "Financial Events" with respect to Entergy Louisiana), Entergy Louisiana may be obligated to pay amounts sufficient to permit the Owner Participants to withdraw from the lease transactions, and Entergy Louisiana may be required to assume the outstanding bonds issued by the Owner Trustee to finance, in part, its acquisition of the undivided interests in Waterford 3. "Financial Events" include, among other things, failure by Entergy Louisiana, following the expiration of any applicable grace or cure periods, to maintain (1) as of the end of any fiscal quarter, total equity capital (including preferred stock) at least equal to 30% of adjusted capitalization, or (2) in respect of the 12-month period ending on the last day of any fiscal quarter, a fixed charge coverage ratio of at least 1.50. As of December 31, 1997, Entergy Louisiana's total equity capital (including preferred stock) was 46.8% of adjusted capitalization and its fixed charge coverage ratio was 2.79. As of December 31, 1997, Entergy Louisiana had future minimum lease payments (reflecting an overall implicit rate of 7.45%) in connection with the Waterford 3 sale and leaseback transactions, which are recorded as long-term debt, as follows (in thousands): 1998 $ 23,850 1999 49,108 2000 42,573 2001 40,909 2002 39,246 Years thereafter 532,137 ---------- Total 727,823 Less: Amount representing interest 374,223 ---------- Present value of net minimum lease payments $ 353,600 ========== Grand Gulf 1 Lease Obligations (System Energy) On December 28, 1988, System Energy entered into two arrangements for the sale and leaseback of an aggregate 11.5% undivided ownership interest in Grand Gulf 1 for an aggregate cash consideration of $500 million. System Energy is leasing back the undivided interest on a net lease basis over a 26 1/2-year basic lease term. System Energy has options to terminate the leases and to repurchase the undivided interest in Grand Gulf 1 at certain intervals during the basic lease term. Further, at the end of the basic lease term, System Energy has an option to renew the leases or to repurchase the undivided interest in Grand Gulf 1. See Note 9 with respect to certain other terms of the transactions. In accordance with SFAS 98, "Accounting for Leases," due to "continuing involvement" by System Energy, the sale and leaseback arrangements of the undivided portions of Grand Gulf 1, as described above, are required to be reflected for financial reporting purposes as financing transactions in System Energy's financial statements. The amounts charged to expense for financial reporting purposes include the interest portion of the lease obligations and depreciation of the plant. However, operating revenues include the recovery of the lease payments because the transactions are accounted for as sales and leasebacks for rate-making purposes. The total of interest and depreciation expense exceeds the corresponding revenues realized during the early part of the lease term. Consistent with a recommendation contained in a FERC audit report, System Energy recorded as a deferred asset the difference between the recovery of the lease payments and the amounts expensed for interest and depreciation and is recording such difference as a deferred asset on an ongoing basis. The amount of this deferred asset was $84.0 million and $93.2 million as of December 31, 1997, and 1996, respectively. As of December 31, 1997, System Energy had future minimum lease payments (reflecting an implicit rate of 7.02%), which are recorded as long-term debt as follows (in thousands): 1998 $ 42,753 1999 42,753 2000 42,753 2001 46,803 2002 53,827 Years thereafter 659,437 ---------- Total 888,326 Less: Amount representing interest 399,164 ---------- Present value of net minimum lease payments $ 489,162 ========== NOTE 11. POSTRETIREMENT BENEFITS (Entergy Corporation, Entergy Arkansas, Entergy Gulf States, Entergy Louisiana, Entergy Mississippi, Entergy New Orleans, System Energy, and Entergy London) Pension Plans Entergy has two postretirement benefit plans, "Entergy Corporation Retirement Plan for Non-Bargaining Employees" and "Entergy Corporation Retirement Plan for Bargaining Employees", covering substantially all of its domestic employees. The pension plans are noncontributory and provide pension benefits that are based on employees' credited service and compensation during the final years before retirement. Entergy Corporation and its subsidiaries fund pension costs in accordance with contribution guidelines established by the Employee Retirement Income Security Act of 1974, as amended, and the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended. The assets of the plans include common and preferred stocks, fixed income securities, interest in a money market fund, and insurance contracts. Entergy London participates in a defined benefit pension plan, which provides pension and other related defined benefits, based on final pensionable pay, to substantially all employees throughout the electricity supply industry in the UK. Entergy London uses the projected unit credit actuarial method for funding purposes. Amounts funded to the pension are primarily invested in equity and fixed income securities. Total 1997, 1996, and 1995 pension cost of Entergy Corporation and its subsidiaries, including amounts capitalized, included the following components (in thousands):
1997 Entergy Entergy Entergy Entergy Entergy System Entergy Entergy Arkansas Gulf States Louisiana Mississippi New Orleans Energy London Service cost - benefits earned during the period $48,908 $6,937 $5,365 $3,762 $1,893 $763 $2,389 $16,615 Interest cost on projected benefit obligation 193,930 26,472 23,684 15,778 10,011 2,783 2,942 99,358 Actual return on plan assets (306,613) (46,065) (53,729) (49,438) (19,577) (1,914) (6,052) (118,465) Net amortization and deferral 86,486 16,906 23,657 27,200 7,549 63 2,055 - ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Net pension cost (income) $22,711 $4,250 ($1,023) ($2,698) ($124) $1,695 $1,334 ($2,492) ==================================================================================
1996 Entergy Entergy Entergy Entergy Entergy System Entergy Arkansas Gulf States Louisiana Mississippi New Orleans Energy Service cost - benefits earned during the period $31,584 $7,605 $5,852 $4,684 $2,157 $1,147 $2,658 Interest cost on projected benefit obligation 84,303 24,540 20,952 15,735 9,462 2,973 2,645 Actual return on plan assets (163,520) (41,183) (47,416) (41,219) (17,767) (1,826) (4,146) Net amortization and deferral 71,260 14,015 18,732 20,313 6,382 88 526 ------------------------------------------------------------------------- Net pension cost (income) $23,627 $4,977 ($1,880) ($487) $234 $2,382 $1,683 =========================================================================
1995 Entergy Entergy Entergy Entergy Entergy System Entergy Arkansas Gulf States Louisiana Mississippi New Orleans Energy Service cost - benefits earned $29,282 $7,786 $6,686 $4,143 $2,152 $1,158 $2,260 during the period Interest cost on projected 80,794 24,372 21,098 15,111 9,240 2,680 2,230 benefit obligation Actual return on plan assets (261,864) (71,807) (82,624) (53,348) (30,443) (1,614) (8,827) Net amortization and deferral 178,345 47,766 53,921 34,902 20,081 64 5,510 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- Net pension cost (income) $26,557 $8,117 ($919) $808 $1,030 $2,288 $1,173 ==========================================================================
The funded status of Entergy's various pension plans as of December 31, 1997, and 1996 was (in thousands):
1997 Entergy Entergy Entergy Entergy Entergy System Entergy Entergy Arkansas Gulf States Louisiana Mississippi New Orleans Energy London Actuarial present value of accumulated pension plan obligation: Vested $2,189,915 $333,343 $294,552 $201,454 $126,882 $34,616 $31,774 $1,026,071 Nonvested 9,882 3,295 883 2,318 682 357 543 - ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Accumulated benefit obligation 2,199,797 336,638 295,435 203,772 127,564 34,973 32,317 1,026,071 ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Plan assets at fair value 3,144,498 427,175 454,912 328,381 174,651 23,043 53,105 1,537,297 Projected benefit obligation 2,496,086 381,581 327,842 226,254 140,317 40,568 46,433 1,134,174 ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Plan assets in excess of 648,412 45,594 127,070 102,127 34,334 (17,525) 6,672 403,123 (less than) projected benefit obligation Unrecognized prior service cost 35,500 13,656 12,649 5,353 4,414 1,706 1,021 - Unrecognized transition asset (32,151) (9,343) (7,162) (11,230) (5,001) (572) (4,694) - Unrecognized net loss (gain) (431,178) (69,076) (179,742) (96,391) (34,699) 7,209 (7,211) (161,907) ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Accrued pension asset (liability) $220,583 ($19,169) ($47,185) ($141) ($952) ($9,182) ($4,212) $241,216 =====================================================================================
1996 Entergy Entergy Entergy Entergy Entergy System Entergy Arkansas Gulf States Louisiana Mississippi New Orleans Energy Actuarial present value of accumulated pension plan obligation: Vested $1,027,307 $296,181 $287,201 $193,183 $117,142 $34,466 $25,195 Nonvested 4,775 1,345 748 697 154 29 655 ----------------------------------------------------------------------------- Accumulated benefit obligation 1,032,082 297,526 287,949 193,880 117,296 34,495 25,850 ----------------------------------------------------------------------------- Plan assets at fair value 1,359,614 374,849 397,749 282,470 150,616 22,017 43,943 Projected benefit obligation 1,196,925 338,307 315,781 217,711 129,578 41,511 38,401 ----------------------------------------------------------------------------- Plan assets in excess of 162,689 36,542 81,968 64,759 21,038 (19,494) 5,542 (less than) projected benefit obligation Unrecognized prior service cost 36,131 14,882 11,964 5,911 4,894 1,965 1,100 Unrecognized transition asset (39,504) (11,679) (9,550) (14,037) (6,252) (767) (5,291) Unrecognized net loss (gain) (180,525) (55,536) (132,832) (61,130) (23,769) 9,897 (4,502) ----------------------------------------------------------------------------- Accrued pension liability ($21,209) ($15,791) ($48,450) ($4,497) ($4,089) ($8,399) ($3,151) =============================================================================
The significant actuarial assumptions used in computing the information above for the domestic utility companies and System Energy for 1997, 1996, and 1995 were as follows: weighted-average discount rate, 7.25% for 1997, 7.75% for 1996, and 7.5% for 1995, weighted- average rate of increase in future compensation levels, 4.6% for 1997, 1996, and 1995; and expected long-term rate of return on plan assets, 9.0% for 1997 and 1996, and 8.5% for 1995. Transition assets of Entergy are being amortized over the greater of the remaining service period of active participants or 15 years. The significant actuarial assumptions used in computing the information above for Entergy London for 1997 were as follows: weighted-average discount rate of 9.0%, weighted-average rate of increase in future compensation levels of 6.5%, and expected long-term rate of return on plan assets of 9.0%. Other Postretirement Benefits Entergy also provides certain health care and life insurance benefits for retired employees. Substantially all domestic employees may become eligible for these benefits if they reach retirement age while still working for Entergy. Effective January 1, 1993, Entergy adopted SFAS 106 which required a change from a cash method to an accrual method of accounting for postretirement benefits other than pensions. The domestic utility companies have sought approval, in their respective regulatory jurisdictions, to implement the appropriate accounting requirements related to SFAS 106 for ratemaking purposes. Entergy Arkansas received an order permitting deferral, as a regulatory asset, of the difference between its annual cash expenditures for postretirement benefits other than pensions and the SFAS 106 accrual, for a five-year period that began January 1, 1993. In December 1997, the APSC issued an order allowing the 15 year amortization of this regulatory asset. Beginning in 1998, Entergy Arkansas will be allowed to recover its SFAS 106 expenses in rates. Entergy Mississippi is expensing its SFAS 106 costs, which are reflected in rates pursuant to an order from the MPSC in connection with Entergy Mississippi's formulary incentive rate plan. Entergy New Orleans is expensing its SFAS 106 costs. Pursuant to the PUCT's May 26, 1995, amended order, Entergy Gulf States is currently collecting the Texas portion of its SFAS 106 costs in rates. The LPSC ordered Entergy Gulf States and Entergy Louisiana to continue the use of the pay-as-you-go method for ratemaking purposes for postretirement benefits other than pensions, but the LPSC retains the flexibility to examine individual companies' accounting for postretirement benefits to determine if special exceptions to this order are warranted. In December 1997, Entergy Arkansas was allowed to begin funding its SFAS 106 costs commencing in 1998. Pursuant to regulatory directives, Entergy Mississippi, Entergy New Orleans, the portion of Entergy Gulf States regulated by the PUCT, and System Energy, fund postretirement benefit obligations collected in rates. System Energy is funding on behalf of Entergy Operations postretirement benefits associated with Grand Gulf 1. Entergy Louisiana and Entergy Gulf States continue to fund a portion of these benefits regulated by the LPSC and FERC on a pay-as-you-go basis. The assets of the various postretirement benefit plans other than pensions include common stocks, fixed-income securities, and a money market fund. At January 1, 1993, the actuarially determined accumulated postretirement benefit obligation (APBO) earned by retirees and active employees was estimated to be approximately $241.4 million and $128 million for Entergy (other than Entergy Gulf States) and for Entergy Gulf States, respectively. Such obligations are being amortized over a 20-year period beginning in 1993. Total 1997, 1996, and 1995 postretirement benefit cost of Entergy Corporation and its subsidiaries, including amounts capitalized and deferred, included the following components (in thousands):
1997 Entergy Entergy Entergy Entergy Entergy System Entergy Arkansas Gulf States Louisiana Mississippi New Orleans Energy Service cost - benefits earned during the period $13,991 $3,204 $3,227 $2,081 $1,092 $618 $939 Interest cost on APBO 29,317 6,232 9,466 4,490 2,278 3,106 648 Actual return on plan assets (3,386) - (1,637) - (695) (840) (214) Net amortization and deferral 15,864 3,716 6,519 2,623 1,399 1,936 262 --------------------------------------------------------------------------- Net postretirement benefit cost $55,786 $13,152 $17,575 $9,194 $4,074 $4,820 $1,635 ===========================================================================
1996 Entergy Entergy Entergy Entergy Entergy System Entergy Arkansas Gulf States Louisiana Mississippi New Orleans Energy Service cost - benefits earned during the period $14,351 $3,128 $3,476 $2,155 $1,081 $661 $890 Interest cost on APBO 26,133 5,580 8,164 4,283 2,171 3,085 512 Actual return on plan assets (1,654) - (388) - (479) (681) (106) Net amortization and deferral 14,214 3,397 5,370 2,694 1,458 1,977 209 --------------------------------------------------------------------------- Net postretirement benefit cost $53,044 $12,105 $16,622 $9,132 $4,231 $5,042 $1,505 ===========================================================================
1995 Entergy Entergy Entergy Entergy Entergy System Entergy Arkansas Gulf States Louisiana Mississippi New Orleans Energy Service cost - benefits earned $10,797 $2,777 $1,864 $2,047 $909 $650 $687 during the period Interest cost on APBO 25,629 5,398 8,526 4,215 1,969 3,258 603 Actual return on plan assets (759) - - - (245) (514) - Net amortization and deferral 11,023 2,702 4,477 2,121 988 1,876 262 ------------------------------------------------------------------------- Net postretirement benefit cost $46,690 $10,877 $14,867 $8,383 $3,621 $5,270 $1,552 =========================================================================
The funded status of Entergy's postretirement plans as of December 31, 1997, and 1996, was (in thousands):
1997 Entergy Entergy Entergy Entergy Entergy System Entergy Arkansas Gulf States Louisiana Mississippi New Orleans Energy Actuarial present value of accumulated postretirement benefit obligation: Retirees $313,243 $66,279 $112,150 $47,774 $23,062 $37,890 $3,264 Other fully eligible participants 32,530 6,151 6,203 4,713 3,543 1,974 1,936 Other active participants 82,189 18,667 17,875 12,898 6,668 3,969 5,264 ------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Accumulated benefit obligation 427,962 91,097 136,228 65,385 33,273 43,833 10,464 Plan assets at fair value 63,930 - 28,390 - 12,140 18,565 4,835 ------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Plan assets less than APBO (364,032) (91,097) (107,838) (65,385) (21,133) (25,268) (5,629) Unrecognized transition obligation 172,085 59,298 87,050 44,575 22,529 40,183 3,932 Unrecognized net loss (gain)/other 21,819 (4,104) (3,886) (4,338) (3,038) (12,737) (559) ------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Accrued postretirement benefit asset (liability) ($170,128) ($35,903) ($24,674) ($25,148) ($1,642) $2,178 ($2,256) ===============================================================================
1996 Entergy Entergy Entergy Entergy Entergy System Entergy Arkansas Gulf States Louisiana Mississippi New Orleans Energy Actuarial present value of accumulated postretirement benefit obligation: Retirees $263,504 $56,945 $90,450 $44,083 $21,639 $36,613 $1,401 Other fully eligible participants 28,507 5,599 5,728 4,063 2,753 1,694 1,861 Other active participants 73,188 15,505 16,623 11,553 5,837 3,630 4,587 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------- Accumulated benefit obligation 365,199 78,049 112,801 59,699 30,229 41,937 7,849 Plan assets at fair value 37,970 - 15,528 - 7,517 12,647 2,278 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------- Plan assets less than APBO (327,229) (78,049) (97,273) (59,699) (22,712) (29,290) (5,571) Unrecognized transition obligation 183,557 63,252 92,853 47,546 24,031 42,861 4,194 Unrecognized net loss (gain)/other (5,032) (13,414) (13,859) (7,726) (3,221) (11,704) (1,476) ----------------------------------------------------------------------------- Accrued postretirement benefit asset (liability) ($148,704) ($28,211) ($18,279) ($19,879) ($1,902) $1,867 ($2,853) =============================================================================
The assumed health care cost trend rate used in measuring the APBO of Entergy was 6.8% for 1998, gradually decreasing each successive year until it reaches 5.0% in 2005. A one percentage-point increase in the assumed health care cost trend rate for each year would have increased the APBO of Entergy, as of December 31, 1997, by 11.3% (Entergy Arkansas-11.5%, Entergy Gulf States-10.3%, Entergy Louisiana-11.4%, Entergy Mississippi-11.9%, Entergy New Orleans-10.0%, and System Energy- 15.4%), and the sum of the service cost and interest cost by approximately 14.7% (Entergy Arkansas-14.7%, Entergy Gulf States-13.9%, Entergy Louisiana-14.2%, Entergy Mississippi-14.9%, Entergy New Orleans- 11.5%, and System Energy-18.9%). The assumed discount rate and rate of increase in future compensation used in determining the APBO were 7.25% for 1997, 7.75% for 1996, and 7.5% for 1995, and 4.6% for 1997, 1996, and 1995, respectively. The expected long-term rate of return on plan assets was 9.0% for 1997 and 1996, and 8.5% for 1995. NOTE 12. RESTRUCTURING CHARGES (Entergy London) In 1995 and 1996, London Electricity implemented a restructuring program to reduce the number of employees in the Network Services, Customer Services, Corporate and Information Technology groups. An initial plan was approved by the Board of Directors in September 1994 and was based on a business plan developed subsequent to the 1994 Regulatory Review of Distribution (the Distribution Review). Following the reopening of the Distribution Review during 1995, a further plan was proposed leading to further reduction of employees in the same areas. This plan was approved by the Board of Directors in May 1996. The balance as of December 31, 1997, for restructuring charges is shown below along with the actual termination benefits paid under the restructuring plan for the year ended December 31, 1997 (in millions). Provision for restructuring as of January 31, $ 41.7 1997 (date of acquisition) Adjustments to restructuring provision in 1997 13.3 Payments made in 1997 (29.7) Cumulative translation adjustment 1.0 ------ Balance December 31, 1997 $ 26.3 ====== The restructuring charges shown above primarily included employee severance costs related to the expected termination of approximately 1,372 employees in various groups. As of December 31, 1997, 895 employees had either been terminated or accepted voluntary separation packages under the restructuring plan. NOTE 13. ACQUISITIONS (Entergy Corporation and Entergy London) On December 18, 1996, Entergy Corporation, through its wholly- owned subsidiary Entergy London, made a formal cash offer to acquire London Electricity for $2.1 billion. London Electricity is a regional electric company serving approximately two million customers in the metropolitan area of London, England. The offer was approved by authorities in the UK, and, as of February 7, 1997, the offer was made unconditional. Entergy Corporation, through Entergy London, now controls 100% of the common shares of London Electricity. Entergy has included the results of operations of London Electricity in its results of operations beginning February 1, 1997, based on management's determination that effective control was achieved on that date. The acquisition was financed by Entergy London with $1.7 billion of debt, which is non-recourse to Entergy Corporation, and $392 million of equity provided by Entergy Corporation from available cash and borrowings under Entergy Corporation's $300 million line of credit. The debt has since been refinanced (see Note 7). The cost of the London Electricity license is being amortized on a straight-line basis over a 40-year period beginning February 1, 1997. As of December 31, 1997, the unamortized balance of the license was approximately $1.3 billion. In accordance with the purchase method of accounting, the results of operations for Entergy Corporation reported in its Statements of Consolidated Income and Cash Flows do not reflect London Electricity's results of operations for any period prior to February 1, 1997. The pro forma combined revenues, net income, and earnings per common share of Entergy Corporation presented below give effect to the acquisition as if it had occurred on January 1, 1997 and 1996, respectively. This pro forma information is not necessarily indicative of the results of operations that would have occurred had the acquisition been consummated for the period for which it is being given effect. For the Twelve Months Ending: December 31, 1997(a) December 31, 1996(b) (In Millions of U.S. Dollars, Except Share Data) Operating revenues $9,783 $9,288 Net income $304 $488 Earnings per average common share Basic and diluted $1.04 $1.82 (a)On July 31, 1997, the British government enacted into law a one- time windfall profits tax on privatized industries, including regional electric utilities such as London Electricity. London Electricity's liability for this tax is approximately BPS140 million (approximately $234 million), which will not be deductible for UK corporation tax purposes. Payment of the tax is required in two equal installments, the first was paid on December 1, 1997, and the second of which is due one year later. The government also decreased the corporate income tax rate in the UK from 33% to 31%, effective as of April 1, 1997. In accordance with SFAS 109, "Accounting for Income Taxes," this reduction in UK corporate tax rates resulted in a one-time reduction in income tax expense for London Electricity of approximately $65 million during the quarter ended September 30, 1997. (b)Net Income in 1996 includes the $174 million net of tax write-off of River Bend rate deferrals pursuant to SFAS 121. NOTE 14. TRANSACTIONS WITH AFFILIATES (Entergy Arkansas, Entergy Gulf States, Entergy Louisiana, Entergy Mississippi, Entergy New Orleans, System Energy, and Entergy London) The various domestic utility companies purchase electricity from and/or sell electricity to other domestic utility companies, System Energy, and Entergy Power (in the case of Entergy Arkansas) under rate schedules filed with FERC. In addition, the domestic utility companies and System Energy purchase fuel from System Fuels; receive management, technical, advisory, operating, and administrative services from Entergy Services; and receive management, technical, and operating services from Entergy Operations. Entergy London receives technical, advisory, and administrative services from Entergy Services and Entergy Enterprises. As described in Note 1, all of System Energy's operating revenues consist of billings to Entergy Arkansas, Entergy Louisiana, Entergy Mississippi, and Entergy New Orleans. The tables below contain the various affiliate transactions among the domestic utility companies and System Entergy (in millions). Intercompany Revenues Entergy Entergy Entergy Entergy Entergy System Arkansas Gulf States Louisiana Mississippi New Orleans Energy 1997 $229.7 $14.6 $2.0 $84.9 $10.8 $633.7 1996 $282.7 $21.2 $5.6 $65.9 $ 2.6 $623.6 1995 $195.5 $62.7 $1.6 $43.3 $ 3.2 $605.6
Intercompany Operating Expenses Entergy Entergy Entergy Entergy Entergy System Entergy Arkansas(1) Gulf States Louisiana Mississippi New Orleans Energy London 1997 $335.0 $416.4 $326.7 $316.1 $177.1 $36.5 $5.3 1996 $346.7 $395.7 $331.3 $294.6 $185.9 $ 8.6 - 1995 $316.0 $266.5 $335.5 $262.6 $164.4 $ 6.5 -
(1)Includes $16.5 million in 1997, $38.8 million in 1996, and $31.0 million in 1995 for power purchased from Entergy Power. Operating Expenses Paid or Reimbursed to Entergy Operations Entergy Entergy Entergy System Arkansas Gulf States Louisiana Energy 1997 $162.1 $135.7 $133.3 $ 64.7 1996 $163.3 $133.7 $ 97.7 $ 98.1 1995 $189.8 $129.1 $122.6 $116.9 In addition, certain materials and services required for fabrication of nuclear fuel are acquired and financed by System Fuels and then sold to System Energy as needed. Charges for these materials and services, which represent additions to nuclear fuel, amounted to approximately $16.5 million in 1997, $44.7 million in 1996, and $51.5 million in 1995. NOTE 15. BUSINESS SEGMENT INFORMATION (Entergy New Orleans and Entergy London) Entergy New Orleans supplies electric and natural gas services in the City. Entergy New Orleans' segment information follows:
1997 1996 1995 Electric Gas Electric Gas Electric Gas (In Thousands) Operating revenues $410,131 $94,691 $403,254 $101,023 $390,002 $80,276 Revenue from sales to unaffiliated customers (1) 399,789 94,691 400,605 101,023 386,785 80,276 Operating income before income taxes 38,752 3,539 51,937 5,641 61,092 9,638 Net utility plant 212,648 62,144 214,106 63,865 204,407 65,236 Depreciation expense 17,157 3,638 16,525 3,342 15,858 3,290 Construction expenditures 14,988 1,149 23,411 4,545 21,729 6,107
(1) Entergy New Orleans' intersegment transactions are not material (less than 1% of sales to unaffiliated customers). Entergy London is engaged in two electric industry segments: distribution, which involves the transfer and delivery of electricity across its network to its customers, and supply, which involves bulk purchases of electricity from the Electricity Pool for delivery to the distribution networks. Other consists principally of Entergy London's investment in private distribution networks, electricity contracting services, and investments in generating assets. Information about Entergy London's operations in these individual segments for the year ended December 31, 1997 is as follows (in thousands):
Distribution Supply Other Eliminations Consolidated Operating revenues $498,801 $1,689,034 $102,550 $(443,343) $1,847,042 Operating income 140,713 15,095 37,082 (6,080) 186,810 Depreciation and amortization 111,028 7,219 3,118 - 121,365 Total assets employed at period end 3,628,954 537,973 236,698 - 4,403,625 Capital expenditures 143,936 16,069 21,160 - 181,165
NOTE 16. QUARTERLY FINANCIAL DATA (UNAUDITED) (Entergy Corporation, Entergy Arkansas, Entergy Gulf States, Entergy Louisiana, Entergy Mississippi, Entergy New Orleans, System Energy, and Entergy London) The business of the domestic utility companies, System Energy, and Entergy London is subject to seasonal fluctuations with the peak periods occurring during the third quarter for the domestic utility companies and System Energy and occurring during the first quarter for Entergy London. Operating results for the four quarters of 1997 and 1996 were:
Operating Revenue Entergy Entergy Entergy Entergy Entergy System Entergy Entergy Arkansas Gulf States Louisiana Mississippi New Orleans Energy London (In Thousands) 1997: First Quarter $2,045,753 $374,731 $ 481,328 $433,983 $ 200,328 $124,956 $155,662 $379,519 Second Quarter 2,178,090 423,619 476,421 412,263 212,892 109,803 161,021 450,405 Third Quarter 2,797,587 545,849 599,974 554,486 294,983 139,940 160,573 443,975 Fourth Quarter 2,540,291 371,515 590,106 402,540 229,192 130,123 156,442 573,143 1996: First Quarter $1,598,992 $383,081 $ 456,631 $417,767 $ 203,902 $127,280 $156,424 N/A Second Quarter 1,853,677 467,990 525,567 457,847 247,479 127,829 160,369 N/A Third Quarter 2,148,332 529,276 592,130 549,295 297,118 150,937 154,467 N/A Fourth Quarter 1,576,656 363,086 444,853 403,958 209,931 98,231 152,360 N/A
Operating Income (Loss) Entergy Entergy Entergy Entergy Entergy System Entergy Entergy Arkansas Gulf States Louisiana Mississippi New Orleans Energy London (In Thousands) 1997: First Quarter $372,218 $30,890 $ 93,014 $ 77,880 $ 22,694 $ 8,755 $74,316 $37,135 Second Quarter 433,887 80,873 75,643 87,911 40,395 9,400 73,568 47,704 Third Quarter 672,617 148,688 158,365 147,976 52,832 18,096 72,813 58,673 Fourth Quarter 378,436 6,424 203,524 53,813 20,827 6,040 72,496 43,298 1996: First Quarter $342,403 $41,955 $ 77,058 $ 95,166 $ 30,470 $15,752 $82,938 N/A Second Quarter 501,169 105,237 118,420 119,736 57,283 19,608 82,894 N/A Third Quarter 609,763 131,319 152,022 155,755 54,696 28,319 75,270 N/A Fourth Quarter 239,517 31,639 64,398 65,789 22,147 (6,101) 75,937 N/A
Net Income (Loss) Entergy Entergy Entergy Entergy Entergy System Entergy Entergy Arkansas Gulf States Louisiana Mississippi New Orleans Energy London (In Thousands) 1997: First Quarter $126,485 $ 9,848 $ 32,535 $26,172 $ 8,352 $ 2,818 $24,345 $15,639 Second Quarter 158,579 38,085 27,028 32,607 19,399 3,038 24,093 9,320 Third Quarter 93,321 78,251 70,740 70,681 27,335 8,590 24,449 (172,268) Fourth Quarter (77,486) 1,793 (70,327) 12,297 11,575 1,005 29,408 (26) 1996: First Quarter $(68,990) $19,268 $(152,257) $40,530 $ 12,924 $ 8,035 $23,530 N/A Second Quarter 206,701 55,712 47,140 55,385 29,818 10,360 23,382 N/A Third Quarter 299,166 70,791 90,965 77,302 28,205 15,221 24,749 N/A Fourth Quarter 53,686 12,027 10,265 17,545 8,264 (6,840) 27,007 N/A
Earnings (Loss) per Average Common Share (Entergy Corporation) 1997 1996 Basic Diluted Basic Diluted First Quarter $ 0.47 $ 0.47 $ (0.38) $(0.38) Second Quarter $ 0.61 $ 0.61 $ 0.83 $ 0.83 Third Quarter $ 0.33 $ 0.33 $ 1.22 $ 1.22 Fourth Quarter $(0.36) $(0.36) $ 0.16 $ 0.16 REPORT OF INDEPENDENT ACCOUNTANTS To the Board of Directors and Shareholders of London Electricity plc We have audited the accompanying consolidated balance sheet of London Electricity plc as of March 31, 1996 and the related consolidated statements of operations, cash flows and changes in shareholders' equity for the period from April 1, 1996 to January 31, 1997, and the year ended March 31, 1996. These financial statements are the responsibility of the Company's management. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on these financial statements based on our audits. We conducted our audits in accordance with generally accepted auditing standards. Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the financial statements are free of material misstatement. An audit includes examining, on a test basis, evidence supporting the amounts and disclosures in the financial statements. An audit also includes assessing the accounting principles used and significant estimates made by management, as well as evaluating the overall financial statement presentation. We believe that our audits provide a reasonable basis for our opinion. In our opinion, the consolidated financial statements referred to above present fairly, in all material respects, the financial position of London Electricity plc as of March 31, 1996 and the results of its operations and its cash flows for the period from April 1, 1996 to January 31, 1997 and the year ended March 31, 1996 in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles. COOPERS & LYBRAND L.L.P. New Orleans, Louisiana July 31, 1997 LONDON ELECTRICITY PLC MANAGEMENT'S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS Results of Operations - Predecessor Company The following discussion of results of operations for London Electricity relates to periods prior to its acquisition by Entergy London. Such periods do not include acquisition adjustments described under "Accounting for the Acquisition"in "ENTERGY LONDON INVESTMENTS plc AND SUBSIDIARY - MANAGEMENT'S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS." This analysis is included based on London Electricity constituting a predecessor of Entergy London. Entergy London's results of operations do not include results for London Electricity prior to February 1, 1997. National Grid Group Transactions During the fiscal year ended March 31, 1996, London Electricity, as well as each of the other 11 REC businesses in the UK, reorganized their interests in the National Grid Group (NGG). London Electricity distributed the majority of its shares in NGG to its shareholders. As part of this distribution, London Electricity revalued these shares to fair market value and recognized a gain of approximately $417 million and received special dividends of $205 million and rights dividends of $4.7 million from NGG which were also recognized as income. Additionally, London Electricity received approximately $109.8 million as a result of NGG's sale of its pumped storage business which was also recognized as a gain in fiscal year 1996. London Electricity has retained shares of NGG for the purpose of establishing an employee stock ownership plan ("ESOP") for its employees who were participants in London Electricity stock option and sharesave plans to compensate them for any dimunition in value in London Electricity shares as a result of NGG distributions. The cost of such ESOP shares has been reflected as expense of $27.1 million in the fiscal year 1996 results of operations. As a result of all of the above, London Electricity recognized a total nonrecurring gain of $709 million ($573 million after tax effect) in the fiscal year ended March 31, 1996 results of operations. As part of the agreement among the shareholders of NGG, each of the RECs agreed to provide a discount to each of their respective Franchise Supply Customers which, together with the associated reduction in the Fossil Fuel Levy (a reimbursement to non-fossil fuel generators for the extra cost of such generation), produced a credit on each Franchise Supply Customer's bill of just over $78. The cost to London Electricity of providing this discount amounted to $130 million (net of the reduction in the Fossil Fuel Levy of $13 million) which was credited to customers in the last quarter of the fiscal year ended March 31, 1996. The effect of the refund was to reduce operating revenues, cost of sales, gross profit, and net income by $143 million, $13 million, $130 million, and $88 million, respectively. The net dividends received from NGG and the net after tax proceeds from the sale of NGG's pumped storage business were sufficient to offset the after tax cash cost of providing the $78 per customer discount to its Franchise Supply Customers and taxation cost of distributing its NGG investment to its shareholders. Income from Operations Income from operations was $169 million for the ten-month period from April 1, 1996 to January 31, 1997, an increase of $10 million from the fiscal year which ended March 31, 1996. The increase was due principally to lower selling, general and administrative expenses and lower other operation and maintenance costs in the latter period due to there being only ten months in that period. Revenues were lower by $95 million (including the impact of the NGG refund) in the period from April 1, 1996 to January 31, 1997, when compared to the revenues in fiscal year 1996 of $1,860 million. Largely offsetting this decrease was a $92 million decrease in cost of sales from the $1,307 million incurred in fiscal year 1996. Both decreases were principally due to the shorter time period from April 1, 1996 to January 31, 1997. LONDON ELECTRICITY PLC MANAGEMENT'S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS Income (loss) from operations by segments for the ten-month period ended January 31, 1997, was $159 million, $(1) million, and $11 million for the distribution, supply, and other segments, respectively. Income (loss) from those segments in fiscal year 1996 was $247 million, $(110) million, and $22 million, respectively. The decrease in distribution operating income of $88 million was principally due to: (i) reductions in distribution revenue from an 11% allowed distribution revenues reduction announced by the Regulator effective at the beginning of fiscal year 1997 and a decrease of 15% in distribution sales volume due to the shorter time period and (ii) an increase in distribution operating expenses due to restructuring charges during the ten-month period ended January 31, 1997. The reduction in supply operating loss of $109 million was principally due to the $130 million customer refund (net of the Fossil Fuel Levy reduction) in 1996 from the NGG transactions. Such increase was partially offset by a 5% decrease in number of electricity units supplied. Net Income Net income decreased by $48 million, from $146 million in fiscal year 1996 (excluding the after tax effect of NGG transactions of $573 million) to $98 million in the ten-month period ended January 31, 1997. This decrease was primarily due to the reduction in distribution operating revenues due to the factors discussed below in "Revenues." Revenues Operating revenues, excluding the impact of the NGG refund, decreased by $238 million (12%) from $2,003 million in fiscal year 1996 to $1,765 million in the ten-month period ended January 31, 1997, as follows: Operating Revenues Increase (Decrease) from Fiscal Year 1996 to the ten-month Period ended January 31, 1997 (In millions) Electricity distribution $ (124) Electricity supply (199) Other 14 Intra-business 71 ------ Total operating revenues $ (238) ====== The factors affecting distribution revenues are the same as those described in "ENTERGY LONDON INVESTMENTS plc AND SUBSIDIARY - MANAGEMENT'S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS" comparing the year ended December 31, 1997 with the ten-month period ended January 31, 1997 above. LONDON ELECTRICITY PLC MANAGEMENT'S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS Revenues from the distribution business decreased by $124 million (22%) from $559 million for fiscal year 1996 to $435 million for the ten- month period ended January 31, 1997, principally due to two additional months of operation in the earlier time period. An additional factor contributing to the decrease was a reduction in the maximum allowable average price of units distributed as a result of the application of the revised Distribution Price Control Formula. Two principal factors determine the amount of revenues produced by the supply business: the unit price of electricity supplied (which, in the case of franchise supply customers, is controlled by the Supply Price Control Formula) and the number of electricity units supplied. London Electricity is expected to have the exclusive right to supply all franchise supply customers in its Franchise Area until at least April 1, 1998. Franchise supply customers, who are generally residential and small commercial customers, comprised 54% of total sales volume in the ten-month period ended January 31, 1997. The volume of unit sales of electricity for franchise supply customers is influenced largely by the number of customers in London Electricity's Franchise Area, weather conditions and prevailing economic conditions. Unit sales to non-franchise supply customers, who are typically large commercial and industrial businesses, constituted 46% of total sales volume during the ten-month period ended January 31, 1997. Volume in this segment is determined primarily by the success of the supply business in contracting to supply customers with electricity who are located both inside and outside London Electricity's Franchise Area. During the ten-month period ended January 31, 1997, the number of electricity units supplied decreased by 5% while total revenues produced by the supply business decreased by $199 million (11%), to $1,663 million from $1,862 million (excluding the impact of the NGG refund of $143 million) for fiscal year 1996. Units supplied to franchise supply customers decreased by 16%, while units supplied to non-franchise supply customers increased by 12%. Other revenues for the ten-month period ended January 31, 1997 totaled $107 million, an increase of $14 million over fiscal year 1996. Such increase was primarily a result of increased electrical contracting services to the distribution segment by London Electricity Contracting Limited ("LEC"), the revenues for which were eliminated in intra-business eliminations. Intra-business eliminations decreased slightly from fiscal year 1996 to the ten-month period ended January 31, 1997, notwithstanding the LEC increase due principally to the reductions (due to a shorter time period) in electricity distribution revenues (the majority of which are charged to the supply segment) as discussed above. Cost of Sales Cost of sales decreased by $105 million (8%) from $1,320 million (excluding the NGG-related Fossil Fuel Levy reduction of $13 million) in fiscal year 1996 to $1,215 million in the ten-month period ended January 31, 1997. This decrease was principally due to two additional months results of operations in the earlier period. Expenses Operating expenses decreased by $13 million (3%) from $394 million in fiscal year 1996 to $381 million for the ten-month period ended January 31, 1997. This decrease was primarily due to lower selling, general and administrative expenses and other operation and maintenance costs, partially offset by one-time restructuring charges of $19 million in the later period. LONDON ELECTRICITY PLC MANAGEMENT'S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS Other Other Income (Expense) Other income (expense) decreased by $733 million from $740 million in fiscal year 1996 to $7 million in the ten-month period ended January 31, 1997. This decrease was primarily attributable to other income of $709 million from the NGG transaction in fiscal year 1996. See "National Grid Group Transactions" above. Interest Expense, Net Interest expense, net increased by $19 million from $8 million in fiscal year 1996 to $27 million in the ten-month period ended January 31, 1997, principally as a result of the financing costs associated with the 8- 5/8%, BPS100 million Eurobond issue in October 1995 which was outstanding for five months of fiscal year 1996 and the entire period from April 1, 1996 through January 31, 1997. Income Taxes Entergy London's effective income tax rate of 19% in fiscal year 1996 increased to 34% for the ten-month period ended January 31, 1997. This increase was due principally to book/tax differences from the NGG transaction in fiscal year 1996.
LONDON ELECTRICITY PLC CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS for the period from April 1, 1996 to January 31, 1997 and the year ended March 31, 1996 (in thousands) Period from April 1, 1996 to Year Ended January 31, 1997 March 31, 1996 Operating revenues $1,765,605 $1,859,938 Cost of sales 1,215,455 1,306,827 ---------- ---------- Gross profit 550,150 553,111 Depreciation and amortization 62,165 66,085 Property taxes 30,687 31,790 Restructuring charges 18,507 _ Selling, general and administrative 211,961 229,889 Other operation and maintenance costs 58,052 66,242 ---------- ---------- Income from operations 168,778 159,105 Other income: National Grid Transaction Gain on revaluation of National Grid investment _ 416,869 Gain on sale of pumped storage business _ 109,777 Special dividends _ 205,146 Contribution to Employee Stock Ownership Plan _ (27,092) Dividend income 6,011 38,837 Equity in earnings (loss) of affiliate 3,796 (3,445) Other, net (2,531) 157 ---------- ---------- Total other income 7,276 740,249 Interest expense, net 27,049 7,673 ---------- ---------- Income before income taxes 149,005 891,681 Income taxes 50,776 172,260 ---------- ---------- Net income $ 98,229 $ 719,421 ========== ========== See Notes to Financial Statements.
LONDON ELECTRICITY PLC CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS for the period from April 1, 1996 to January 31, 1997 and the year ended March 31, 1996 (in thousands) Period from April 1, 1996 to Year Ended January 31, 1997 March 31, 1996 Cash flows from operating activities: Net income $ 98,229 $ 719,421 Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities: Depreciation and amortization 62,165 66,085 Deferred income taxes 22,778 27,248 Gain on revaluation of National Grid investment _ (416,869) Change in assets and liabilities: Inventory (3,164) (4,855) Accounts receivable and unbilled revenue (21,354) (24,743) Income tax receivable 182,065 (124,184) Other receivables 4,904 (50,738) Prepayments and other 3,164 (6,890) Long-term receivables and other (9,491) (27,248) Accounts payable 41,127 8,456 Income taxes payable (200,098) 117,450 Deferred revenue and other current liabilities (17,242) 23,647 Other long-term liabilities (2,215) (7,673) --------- ---------- Net cash provided by operating activities 160,868 299,107 --------- ---------- Cash flows from investing activities: Capital expenditures (182,856) (173,201) Proceeds from sale of fixed assets 791 1,879 Receipt of consumer contributions 26,574 23,334 Purchase of investments (6,169) (37,114) Sales of investments 10,282 57,785 --------- ---------- Net cash used in investing activities (151,378) (127,317) --------- ---------- Cash flows from financing activities: Proceeds from bond issue 316 155,191 Proceeds from issuance of common stock 1,740 15,033 Repayments on bond issue _ _ Net proceeds from available lines of credit 103,669 57,785 Dividends paid (108,215) (397,717) Repurchase of common stock _ (1,253) --------- ---------- Net cash used in financing activities (2,490) (170,961) --------- ---------- Effect of exchange rates on cash and cash equivalents 8,880 (11,301) --------- ---------- Increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents 15,880 (10,472) Beginning of period cash and cash equivalents 19,851 30,323 --------- ---------- End of period cash and cash equivalents $ 35,731 $ 19,851 ========= ========== SUPPLEMENTAL DISCLOSURE OF CASH FLOW INFORMATION: Cash paid for interest $ 44,290 $ 19,418 Cash paid for income taxes $ 267,324 $ 120,582 See Notes to Financial Statements.
LONDON ELECTRICITY PLC CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEET March 31, 1996 (in thousands, except share and per share amounts) ASSETS Current assets: Cash and cash equivalents $ 19,851 Accounts receivable: Customer receivable net of reserve of $13.3 173,315 million Unbilled revenue 117,884 Deferred income tax asset 24,127 Income tax receivable 191,028 Other receivables 82,304 Prepayments and other 12,369 Inventory 11,300 Investments 25,501 ---------- Total current assets 657,679 ---------- Property, plant and equipment, net of accumulated 1,070,885 depreciation of $710.5 million Construction work in progress 125,672 Goodwill, net of accumulated amortization of $3.4 63,065 million Investments, long-term 16,186 Long-term receivables 15,270 Prepaid pension asset 111,624 ---------- Total assets $2,060,381 ========== See Notes to Financial Statements. LONDON ELECTRICITY PLC CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEET March 31, 1996 (in thousands, except share and per share amounts) LIABILITIES AND SHAREHOLDERS' EQUITY Current liabilities: Notes payable $ 146,745 Accounts payable 179,423 Income taxes payable 236,838 Deferred revenue 30,693 Other liabilities 74,058 ---------- Total current liabilities 667,757 ---------- Long-term debt 301,888 Deferred income tax liability 317,769 Other 89,634 ---------- Total liabilities 1,377,048 ---------- Commitments and Contingencies Shareholders' equity: Common stock, BPS .583 par value per share, 257,142,857 shares authorized, 203,153 174,290,836 shares issued and outstanding Additional paid-in capital 14,960 Retained earnings 499,536 Cumulative translation adjustment (34,316) ---------- Total shareholders' equity 683,333 ---------- Total liabilities and shareholders' equity $2,060,381 ========== See Notes to Financial Statements.
LONDON ELECTRICITY PLC CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CHANGES IN SHAREHOLDERS' EQUITY for the period from April 1, 1996 to January 31, 1997 and the year ended March 31, 1996 (in thousands, except share amounts) Additional Cumulative Common Stock Paid-In Retained Translation Shareholders' Shares Amount Capital Earnings Adjustment Equity Balance, March 31, 1995 197,695,699 $198,612 $4,468 $722,724 $30,719 $956,523 Common stock issued 4,956,992 4,541 10,492 _ _ 15,033 Reduction in shares from reverse stock split (27,522,282) _ _ _ _ _ Treasury shares acquired (839,573) _ _ (1,253) _ (1,253) Revaluation of National Grid investment _ _ _ _ _ 274,254 Realized gain on distribution of National Grid investment _ _ _ _ _ (274,254) Net income _ _ _ 719,421 _ 719,421 Dividends declared: Cash dividends _ _ _ (402,686) _ (402,686) National Grid Distribution _ _ _ (538,670) _ (538,670) Cumulative translation adjustment _ _ _ - (65,035) (65,035) ----------- -------- ------- -------- ------- -------- Balance, March 31, 1996 174,290,836 203,153 14,960 499,536 (34,316) 683,333 Common stock issued 390,712 158 _ 1,582 _ 1,740 Net income _ _ _ 98,229 _ 98,229 Dividends declared _ _ _ (113,833) _ (113,833) Cumulative translation adjustment _ _ _ - 32,178 32,178 ----------- -------- ------- -------- ------- -------- Balance, January 31, 1997 174,681,548 $203,311 $14,960 $485,514 $(2,138) $701,647 =========== ======== ======= ======== ======= ======== See Notes to Financial Statements.
LONDON ELECTRICITY PLC SELECTED FINANCIAL DATA - FOUR-YEAR COMPARISON Period from April 1, 1996 to Year Ended March 31, January 31, 1997 1996 1995 1994 (1) (In Thousands) Operating revenues $1,765,605 $ 1,859,938 $1,898,976 $1,970,830 Net income $98,229 $ 719,421 $189,269 $213,795 Total assets N/A $ 2,060,381 $2,007,417 $1,813,448 Long-term obligations (2) N/A $ 301,888 $159,879 $281,960 (1) Amounts as of and for the year ended March 31, 1994 are derived from financial statements prepared in accordance with UK generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP). The principal differences between US GAAP and UK GAAP financial statements relate to the treatment of goodwill, pension costs, deferred income taxes, timing of recognition of restructuring accruals, and timing of recognition of dividends. (2) Includes long-term debt (excluding currently maturing debt). LONDON ELECTRICITY PLC NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS NOTE 1. DESCRIPTION OF BUSINESS: London Electricity plc ("London Electricity") is one of the twelve regional electricity companies ("RECs") in England and Wales licensed to supply, distribute, and, to a limited extent, generate electricity. The RECs were created as a result of the privatization of the United Kingdom ("UK") electric industry in 1990 after the state-owned low voltage distribution networks were allocated to the then existing twelve regional boards. London Electricity's main business, the distribution and supply of electricity to customers in London, England, is regulated under the terms of London Electricity's PES license by the Office of Electricity Regulation (the "Regulator"). NOTE 2. SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES: Basis of Presentation In accordance with SFAS 52, "Foreign Currency Translation", all assets and liabilities of London Electricity are translated into U.S. dollars at the exchange rate in effect at the end of the period, and revenues and expenses are translated at average exchange rates prevailing during the period. The resulting translation adjustments are reflected in a separate component of shareholders' equity. Current exchange rates are used for U.S. dollar disclosure of future obligations. No representation is made that the foreign currency denominated amounts have been, could have been or could be converted into U.S. dollars at the rates indicated or at any other rates. The financial statements of London Electricity are presented in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States ("US GAAP"). The consolidated financial statements include the accounts of London Electricity and its wholly-owned and majority-owned subsidiaries and have been prepared from records maintained by London Electricity in the UK. All significant intercompany accounts and transactions have been eliminated in consolidation. London Electricity is not subject to rate regulation, but rather, is subject to price cap regulation and, therefore, the provisions of Statement of Financial Accounting Standards No. 71, "Accounting for the Effects of Certain Types of Regulation" ("SFAS 71") do not apply. London Electricity was acquired by Entergy London Investments plc, formerly Entergy Power UK plc, effective February 1, 1997. The financial statements include the results of operations of London Electricity through the date of acquisition. Use of Estimates in the Preparation of Financial Statements The preparation of London Electricity's financial statements, in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles, requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities, the disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Adjustments to the reported amounts of assets and liabilities may be necessary in the future to the extent that future estimates or actual results are different from the estimates used in the financial statements. Revenue Recognition London Electricity distributes electricity to commercial, residential and industrial customers within the London area. London Electricity records revenue net of value added tax ("VAT") and accrues revenue for services provided but unbilled at the end of each reporting period. London Electricity purchases power primarily from the wholesale trading market for electricity in England and Wales (the "Pool"). The Pool monitors supply and demand between generators and suppliers, sets prices for generation and provides centralized settlement of amounts due between generators and suppliers. Cash and Cash Equivalents London Electricity considers all short-term investments with an original maturity of three months or less to be cash and cash equivalents. Property, Plant and Equipment Property, plant and equipment is stated at original cost and includes materials, labor and appropriate overhead costs. London Electricity is entitled, under certain conditions, to collect cash contributions from consumers to fund improvements to London Electricity's distribution networks. These consumer contributions are credited against the historical cost of the asset. Depreciation is computed by the straight-line method at rates based on the estimated service lives of each of the various classes of property. Consumer contributions are amortized into income at a rate of 2.5%. Depreciation rates on average depreciable property are shown below: Distribution network assets 2.5% Buildings 1.7% Vehicles and mobile plant 10%-20% Furniture and equipment, including computer 20%-33% hardware and software Income Taxes London Electricity accounts for income taxes in accordance with Statement of Financial Accounting Standards No. 109, "Accounting for Income Taxes" ("SFAS 109"). This standard requires that deferred income taxes be recorded for all temporary differences between the financial statement basis and tax basis of assets and liabilities and loss carryforwards, and that deferred tax balances be based on enacted tax laws at rates that are expected to be in effect when the temporary differences reverse. Goodwill Goodwill represents the excess of cost over the fair value of net assets acquired and is being amortized over forty years using the straight- line method. Financial Instruments London Electricity enters into interest rate swaps as a part of its overall risk management strategy and does not hold or issue material amounts of derivative financial instruments for trading purposes. London Electricity accounts for its interest rate swaps in accordance with the concepts established in Statement of Financial Accounting Standards No. 80, "Accounting for Futures Contracts" ("SFAS 80") and various Emerging Issue Task Force pronouncements. If the interest rate swaps were to be sold or terminated, any gain or loss would be deferred and amortized over the remaining life of the debt instrument being hedged by the interest rate swap. If the debt instrument being hedged by the interest rate swaps were to be extinguished, any gain or loss attributable to the swap would be recognized in the period of the transaction. London Electricity considers the carrying amounts of financial instruments classified as current assets and liabilities to be a reasonable estimate of their fair value because of the short maturity of these instruments. Price Control Charges for distribution of electricity and supply to customers with a maximum demand under 100kW are subject to a price control formula set out in London Electricity's PES license which allows a maximum charge per unit of electricity. Differences in the charges, or in the purchase cost of electricity, can result in the under or overrecovery of revenues in a particular year. Where there is an overrecovery of supply of distribution business revenues against the regulated maximum allowable amount, revenues are deferred in an amount equivalent to the overrecovered amount. The deferred amount is deducted from operating revenues and included in other liabilities. Where there is an underrecovery, no anticipation of any potential future recovery is made. London Electricity enters into contracts for differences ("CFDs") primarily to hedge its supply business against the price risk of electricity purchases from the Pool. Use of these CFDs is carried out within the framework of London Electricity's purchasing strategy and hedging guidelines. Risk of loss is monitored through establishment of approved counterparties and maximum counterparty limits and minimum credit ratings. London Electricity recognizes gains (losses) on CFDs when settlement is made. Gains (losses) on CFDs are recognized as a decrease (increase) to cost of sales based upon the difference between fixed prices in the CFD compared to variable prices paid to the Pool for the period. Gains (losses) based upon the difference between fixed prices in the CFD compared to variable prices paid to the Pool for future electricity purchases are not recognized until the period of such settlements. Pursuant to Statement of Financial Accounting Standards No. 121, "Accounting for the Impairment of Long-Lived Assets and for Long-Lived Assets to Be Disposed of" ("SFAS 121") London Electricity periodically reviews its long-lived assets whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that recoverability of these assets is uncertain. Generally, the determination of recoverability is based on the undiscounted net cash flows expected to result from such assets. Projected undiscounted net cash flows depend on the future operating costs associated with the assets and future market prices over the remaining life of the assets. Based on current estimates of future undiscounted cash flows as prescribed under SFAS 121, management anticipates that future revenues from such assets will fully recover all related costs. NOTE 3. REGULATORY MATTERS: The distribution business of London Electricity is regulated under its PES license, pursuant to which revenue of the distribution business is controlled by the Distribution Price Control Formula (DPCF). The DPCF determines the maximum average price per unit of electricity (expressed in kilowatt hours, a "unit") that a REC may charge. The elements used in the DPCF are established for a five-year period and are subject to review by the Regulator at the end of each five-year period and at other times at the discretion of the Regulator. At each review the Regulator can adjust the value of certain elements in the DPCF. Following a review by the Regulator in August 1994, a 14% price reduction was set for London Electricity, effective April 1, 1995. In July 1995, a further review of distribution prices was concluded by the Regulator for fiscal years 1997 to 2000. As a result of this further review, London Electricity's distribution prices were reduced an additional 11%, effective April 1, 1996, 3% effective April 1, 1997 and will be reduced by a further 3% on both April 1, 1998 and 1999. The supply business of London Electricity is also regulated by the Regulator and prices are established based upon the Supply Price Control Formula which is similar to the DPCF; however, it allows full pass through for all properly incurred costs and is set for a four-year period by the Regulator. The non-franchise supply market, which typically includes larger commercial and industrial customers was opened to competition for all customers with usage above 1MW upon privatization of the industry in 1990. The non-franchise supply markets of 100 kW or more were opened to full competition starting in April 1994. Currently London Electricity, under its PES license, has the exclusive right to supply residential and small industrial and commercial customers within its franchise area. It is anticipated that the supply market will be fully competitive over a six month period starting in April 1998. NOTE 4. INVESTMENTS: London Electricity accounts for investments whose fair market value is readily determinable in accordance with Statement of Financial Accounting Standards No. 115, "Accounting for Investments for Certain Debt and Equity Securities" ("SFAS 115"). These securities are considered available-for- sale securities under SFAS 115 and their fair values approximate cost. Other securities whose fair market values are not readily determinable and in which London Electricity does not have a significant interest are recorded at cost. Investments in companies in which London Electricity's ownership interests range from 20% to 50% and investments in which London Electricity's ownership is less than 20% but over which London Electricity exercises significant influence over operating and financial policies are accounted for using the equity method. The following are London Electricity's equity method investments as of March 31, 1996: Investment Percentage Ownership London Total Gas Ltd 50% Combined Power Systems Ltd 32% combined ownership in common and preferred shares Thames Valley Power Ltd 50% London Total Energy Ltd 50% Barking Power Ltd 13.5% NOTE 5. PROPERTY, PLANT AND EQUIPMENT: Property, plant and equipment, at cost, consists of the following (in thousands): March 31, 1996 Distribution network assets $1,769,946 Land and buildings 117,579 Vehicles and mobile plant 24,279 Furniture, fixtures and equipment, including 181,407 computer hardware and software Consumer contributions to construction (311,813) ---------- 1,781,398 Less accumulated depreciation and amortization (710,513) ---------- $1,070,885 ========== NOTE 6. INCOME TAXES: London Electricity's income tax expense for the period from April 1, 1996 to January 31, 1997, and the year ended March 31, 1996, consists of the following (in thousands): Period from April 1, 1996 to Year ended January 31, 1997 March 31, 1996 Current $ 27,998 $64,206 Deferred 22,778 27,248 Current taxes on National Grid transactions: Tax on special dividend _ 35,705 Tax on distribution in kind _ 93,490 Tax on ESOP contribution _ (5,637) Tax reduction related to customer discount _ (42,752) -------- -------- Total $ 50,776 $172,260 ======== ======== London Electricity's total income taxes differ from the amounts computed by applying the statutory income tax rate to income before taxes. The reasons for the differences in the period from April 1, 1996 to January 31, 1997 and the year ended March 31, 1996 are (in thousands):
Period from April 1, 1996 to Year ended January 31, 1997 March 31, 1996 Pre-tax income $149,005 $891,681 Income taxes computed at statutory rate 49,194 294,252 National Grid transactions: Revaluation of investment excluded from taxable income _ (44,005) Gain on sale of pumped storage business excluded from taxable income _ (36,175) Tax credit on contribution to ESOP _ (5,638) Special dividends not taxable _ (10,805) Effect of difference between statutory rate (33%) and rate on dividends received (20%) (791) (31,163) Amortization of goodwill 475 626 Other 1,898 5,168 -------- -------- Total income tax expense $ 50,776 $172,260 ======== ========
Significant components of London Electricity's net deferred tax liability as of March 31, 1996 are as follows (in thousands): Deferred tax liability Property-related basis differences $(280,968) Prepaid pension asset (36,801) --------- Total (317,769) Deferred tax asset Restructuring and other provisions 24,127 --------- Net deferred tax liability $(293,642) ========= As a result of Parliamentary elections held on May 1, 1997, the Labour Party gained control of the UK Government. On July 31, 1997 legislation establishing a windfall profits tax, which affects regulated companies privatized since 1979 including London Electricity, was enacted. In accordance with SFAS 109 under US GAAP, London Electricity will record a charge to income for the windfall profits tax during the quarter ending September 30, 1997. A change in the UK statutory rate from 33% to 31% was also included in the legislation. The impact of such changes will be recognition in the quarter ending September 30, 1997 of the $224 million expense for the windfall profits tax and approximately $61 million of income tax benefit as a result of the change in the UK statutory income tax rate in London Electricity's results of operations. The tax years since fiscal year 1990 are currently under review by the Inland Revenue in the UK. London Electricity believes that there is no additional liability related to the tax years under review. NOTE 7. LONG-TERM DEBT: The long-term debt of London Electricity as of March 31, 1996 consists of the following (in thousands): 8% Eurobonds repayable March 28, 2003 $ 151,020 8 5/8% Eurobonds repayable October 26, 2005 150,868 --------- Total $ 301,888 ========= The 8% and 8 5/8% Eurobonds may become due prior to their stated maturity only upon the occurrence of certain events including default, liquidation or bankruptcy of London Electricity. London Electricity does not anticipate default under the agreements. London Electricity entered into an interest rate swap agreement to reduce the impact of interest rate changes on its outstanding debt. The interest rate swap agreement involves the exchange of a fixed interest rate for a floating interest rate periodically over the life of the agreement. If the counterparty to the interest rate swap was to default on contractual payments, London Electricity could be exposed to increased cost related to replacing the original agreement. However, London Electricity does not anticipate non-performance. At March 31, 1996, London Electricity was party to a notional amount of $12 million for an interest rate swap agreement with a maturity date of May 6, 2003. NOTE 8. COMMON STOCK: During 1996, London Electricity effected a reverse stock split of six for every seven shares of common stock held. This reduced, by approximately 28 million, the number of common shares outstanding and increased the par value of the stock from BPS0.50 to BPS0.583 per share. NOTE 9. NOTES PAYABLE: Other facilities available to London Electricity are short-term unsecured, uncommitted facilities of BPS228 million and a BPS150 million Sterling Commercial Paper Program ("Sterling Program"). Uncommitted facilities are unsecured facilities which are available at London Electricity's request, however there is no obligation by the bank counterparty to make funds available to London Electricity. The Sterling Program is a negotiable promissory note with short term maturities (up to 364 days) issued at a discount to face value. London Electricity had an outstanding balance of $146.7 million on all of these facilities as of March 31, 1996. The weighted average interest rate incurred on these borrowings was 6.3% and 6.1% for the period from April 1, 1996 to January 31, 1997 and for the year ended March 31, 1996, respectively. NOTE 10. COMMITMENTS AND CONTINGENCIES: London Electricity has entered into operating lease agreements for the use of buildings and vehicles. Minimum future rental payments under all operating leases as of March 31, 1996 are as follows (in thousands): 1997 $10,842 1998 10,536 1999 10,078 2000 10,078 2001 9,773 Thereafter 127,810 -------- Total $179,117 ======== Rental expense incurred under these lease agreements was $10.6 million and $12.4 million for the period from April 1, 1996 to January 31, 1997 and for the year ended March 31, 1996, respectively. London Electricity is subject to an agreement whereby the UK government is entitled to a proportion of certain property gains accruing to London Electricity as a result of disposals or events treated as disposals occurring after March 31, 1990 of properties held at that date. This commitment is effective until March 31, 2000. London Electricity has utilized a portion of the pension plan surplus to increase benefits to members and reduce employer and employee contributions. A recent court ruling in the UK upheld such uses of pension surpluses. However, should the decision be reversed on appeal, London Electricity could be required to repay pension surpluses utilized. Management is unable to predict the likely outcome of this matter at this time. The UK Environmental Protection Act 1990 addresses waste management issues and imposes certain obligations on companies which handle and dispose of waste. Some of London Electricity's distribution activities produce waste but London Electricity believes that it has taken and continues to take measures to comply with the applicable laws and governmental regulations for the protection of the environment. There are no material legal or administrative proceedings pending against London Electricity with respect to any environmental matter. London Electricity is required to file five-year projections with the Regulator for capital expenditures related to its regulated distribution network and updates of such projections annually. The most recent updated projection was for the five-year period ended March 31, 2000 and was filed in July 1997. This filing indicated London Electricity's current projection of approximately $772.3 million for the five-year period. Approximately $294.2 million has already been spent in fiscal years 1996 and 1997 related to this five-year projection. London Electricity uses CFDs and power purchase contracts with certain UK generators to fix the price of electricity for a contracted quantity over a specific period of time. At March 31, 1996, London Electricity has outstanding CFDs and power purchase contracts for approximately 52,000 GWH of electricity. These include a long term power purchase contract with an affiliate which is based on 27.5% of the affiliate's capacity from its 1000 MW facility through the year 2010. London Electricity's sales volumes were approximately 17,000 GWH and 18,000 GWH in the period from April 1, 1996 to January 31, 1997, and the year ended March 31, 1996, respectively. NOTE 11. PENSION BENEFITS: London Electricity participates in a defined benefit pension plan, which provides pension and other related defined benefits, based on final pensionable pay, to substantially all employees throughout the electric supply industry in the UK. Contributions to the plan by London Electricity on behalf of its employees were $16.0 million for the year ended March 31, 1996. London Electricity made no contributions to the plan during the period April 1, 1996 to January 31, 1997. London Electricity uses the projected unit credit actuarial method for funding purposes. Amounts funded to the pension are primarily invested in equity and fixed income securities. Statement of Financial Accounting Standards No. 87 "Employees Accounting for Pensions" ("SFAS 87") was issued in 1988 and is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 1988. The provisions of SFAS 87 were initially adopted by London Electricity on April 1, 1994. Accordingly, the unrecognized net transition asset at the date of initial application of SFAS 87 is being amortized over 15 years beginning April 1, 1989. The amount of the unrecognized net transition asset credited to equity on April 1, 1994 was $42.9 million. The following table sets forth the plan's funded status and amounts recognized in London Electricity's balance sheet at March 31, 1996 (in thousands): Accumulated benefit obligation: Vested $ 900,625 ========= Projected benefit obligation 1,029,962 Plan assets at fair value 1,231,831 --------- Assets in excess of projected benefit 201,869 obligation Unrecognized net gain (18,782) Unrecognized net transition asset (71,463) --------- Prepaid pension asset $ 111,624 ========= The weighted average discount rate and rate of increase in future compensation levels used in determining the actuarial present value of the projected benefit obligation, and the expected long-term rate of return on assets was 9%, 6.5% and 9%, respectively, for the period from April 1, 1996 to January 31, 1997 and for the year ended March 31, 1996. The components of the plan's net pension income during the periods are shown below (in thousands): Period from April 1, 1996 to Year ended January 31, 1997 March 31, 1996 Service cost (benefits earned during the period) $10,440 $ 13,311 Interest cost on projected benefit obligations 70,232 85,347 Actual return on plan assets (92,377) (227,227) Net amortization and deferral 3,955 115,258 ------- -------- Net pension benefit $(7,750) $(13,311) ======= ======== NOTE 12. DISTRIBUTION OF NATIONAL GRID INVESTMENT: In December 1995, each of the RECs distributed their investments in the National Grid Holding Company plc ("National Grid"). London Electricity distributed its ownership shares in National Grid to its shareholders. Prior to the distribution, the National Grid shares were listed on the London Stock Exchange and revalued to reflect the market value of the common stock of National Grid, whose shares had not previously been publicly traded and for which there was no readily determinable fair market value. London Electricity recorded a gain on the revaluation of $416.9 million in the Statement of Operations for the year ended March 31, 1996. National Grid also effected a rights issue at $3.12 per share to raise additional equity capital. London Electricity invested an additional $27.5 million in National Grid as a result of the rights issue. Approximately 96% of the total National Grid shares owned by London Electricity were then distributed in kind to the shareholders of London Electricity. The remaining shares owned by London Electricity were retained to establish an Employee Stock Ownership Plan ("ESOP") to compensate participants of the Employee and Executive Sharesave Plans (employee stock option plans) for any diminution in value of London Electricity shares as a result of the demerger. Approximately 5.1 million shares of National Grid were reserved for contributions to the ESOP. The actual shares will be contributed to the ESOP upon exercise of options under the employee stock option plans. The contributed shares related to the establishment of the ESOP plus expenses and cash contributions due to the ESOP to compensate the participants for taxes payable related to this distribution were charged to expense during the fiscal year ended March 31, 1996. The difference between actual National Grid shares contributed and the total amount charged to expense is included in other liabilities in London Electricity's balance sheet as of March 31, 1996. National Grid also distributed to London Electricity its ownership shares in PSB Holding Limited ("PSB"), the holding company of First Hydro Limited which had been transferred to National Grid in 1990. As part of the demerger, PSB was sold to Mission Energy and London Electricity recorded a $109.8 million gain on the sale. Finally, as part of the demerger, the Regulator ordered a $78 refund to each of London Electricity's supply customers which was offset by a reduction in the fossil fuel levy charged to London Electricity. The effect of the refund, which was recorded in the year ended March 31, 1996, was to reduce operating revenues, cost of sales and gross profit by $142.3 million , $13.0 million and $129.4 million, respectively. The investment in National Grid has been accounted for by London Electricity as a cost method investment. The consolidated results of operations of London Electricity therefore do not include any of the results of operations of National Grid. NOTE 13. EMPLOYEE OPTIONS: London Electricity was acquired by Entergy London Investments plc, formerly Entergy Power UK plc, effective February 1, 1997. In conjunction with the purchase of London Electricity, the holders of any outstanding options under the employee option plans were given the opportunity to exercise their options and sell their shares to Entergy London Investments plc at a price of BPS7.05 per share which then entitled the owner of the shares to the interim dividend of BPS.179 per share. If the holders of the options did not exercise their options, such options were cash canceled and the holders were paid BPS7.05 per share. Under the Employee Sharesave Plan, London Electricity was authorized to issue shares of common stock pursuant to stock options granted to officers, key employees and directors. Under the Executive Sharesave Plan, London Electricity was authorized to issue shares of common stock pursuant to stock options granted to directors. The stock options had an exercise price equal to the fair market value of the common stock on the date of grant and a contractual term of 10 years. The stock options became exercisable on the third anniversary of the date of grant under the Executive Sharesave Plan. A summary of the status of London Electricity's stock options for the period from April 1, 1996 to January 31, 1997 and for the year ended March 31, 1996 and the changes during the years ended on such dates is presented below:
Period from April 1, 1996 to January 31, 1997 Years ended March 31, 1996 # Shares of # Shares of Underlying Exercise Underlying Exercise Options Prices Options Prices Outstanding at beginning of year 1,873,505 BPS3.56 6,985,705 BPS2.26 Granted 3,625,911 4.82 89,628 5.94 Exercised (390,712) 3.33 (4,956,992) 1.89 Forfeited _ _ (244,836) 2.09 Expired _ _ _ _ --------- --------- Outstanding at end of year 5,108,704 1,873,505 ========= =========
Period from April 1, 1996 to January 31, 1997 Distribution Supply Other Eliminations Consolidated Operating revenues $435,470 $1,662,788 $106,772 $(439,425) $1,765,605 Operating income 159,129 (1,265) 10,914 _ 168,778 Depreciation and amortization 51,092 6,485 4,588 _ 62,165 Total assets employed at 1,363,077 446,560 287,453 _ 2,097,090 period end Capital expenditures 153,118 15,027 14,711 _ 182,856
Year Ended March 31, 1996 Distribution Supply Other Eliminations Consolidated Operating revenues $559,219 $1,719,468 (a) $92,550 $(511,299) $1,859,938 Operating income 247,428 (110,246)(b) 24,272 (2,349) 159,105 Depreciation and amortization 54,967 3,915 7,203 _ 66,085 Total assets employed at 1,211,827 376,710 471,844 _ 2,060,381 period end Capital expenditures 151,590 7,047 14,564 _ 173,201
(a) Includes $142.3 million refund to customers related to National Grid transaction. (b) Includes net effect of $142.3 million refund and $13.0 reduction of fossil fuel levy related to National Grid transaction. See Note 12. Item 9. Changes In and Disagreements With Accountants On Accounting and Financial Disclosure. No event that would be described in response to this item has occurred with respect to Entergy, System Energy, Entergy Arkansas, Entergy Gulf States, Entergy Louisiana, Entergy Mississippi, or Entergy New Orleans. PART III Item 10. Directors and Executive Officers of the Registrants (Entergy Arkansas, Entergy Gulf States, Entergy Louisiana, Entergy Mississippi, Entergy New Orleans, System Energy and Entergy London) All officers and directors listed below held the specified positions with their respective companies as of the date of filing this report.
Name Age Position Period ENTERGY ARKANSAS, INC. Directors R. Drake Keith 62 President and Director of Entergy Arkansas 1989-Present Frank F. Gallaher See information under the Entergy Corporation Officers Section in Part I. Donald C. Hintz See information under the Entergy Corporation Officers Section in Part I. Jerry D. Jackson See information under the Entergy Corporation Officers Section in Part I. Edwin Lupberger See information under the Entergy Corporation Officers Section in Part I. Jerry L. Maulden See information under the Entergy Corporation Officers Section in Part I. Gerald D. McInvale See information under the Entergy Corporation Officers Section in Part I. Officers Michael R. Niggli 48 Senior Vice President - Customer Accounts of Entergy 1996-1998 Arkansas, Entergy Gulf States, Entergy Louisiana, Entergy Mississippi, Entergy New Orleans, and Entergy Services Senior Vice President - Marketing of Entergy Arkansas, 1993-1996 Entergy Gulf States, Entergy Louisiana, Entergy Mississippi, Entergy New Orleans, and Entergy Services Vice President - Customer Services of Entergy 1993-1993 Louisiana, Entergy New Orleans, and Entergy Services C. Gary Clary 53 Vice President - Human Resources and Administration of 1997-Present Entergy Arkansas, Entergy Gulf States, Entergy Louisiana, Entergy Mississippi, Entergy New Orleans, and Entergy Operations Vice President - Human Resources and Administration of 1996-Present Entergy Services Director-System Human Resources of Entergy Services 1993-1996 Cecil L. Alexander 62 Vice President - Governmental Affairs of Entergy 1991-Present Arkansas James S. Pilgrim 62 Vice President - Customer Service of Entergy Arkansas 1994-Present Director, Central Region, TDCS Customer Service 1993-1994 Central Division Manager of Mississippi 1991-1993 C. Hiram Walters 61 Vice President - Customer Service of Entergy Arkansas 1993-Present Vice President - Customer Service of Entergy Louisiana 1994-Present Vice President - Customer Service of Entergy Services 1997-Present Vice President - Customer Service, Central Region of 1993-1997 Entergy Services Edwin Lupberger See information under the Entergy Corporation Officers Section in Part I. Jerry L. Maulden See information under the Entergy Corporation Officers Section in Part I. R. Drake Keith See information under the Entergy Arkansas Directors Section above. Jerry D. Jackson See information under the Entergy Corporation Officers Section in Part I. Frank F. Gallaher See information under the Entergy Corporation Officers Section in Part I. Donald C. Hintz See information under the Entergy Corporation Officers Section in Part I. Gerald D. McInvale See information under the Entergy Corporation Officers Section in Part I. Michael G. Thompson See information under the Entergy Corporation Officers Section in Part I. William J. Regan, Jr. See information under the Entergy Corporation Officers Section in Part I. Louis E. Buck, Jr. See information under the Entergy Corporation Officers Section in Part I. ENTERGY GULF STATES, INC. Directors Karen R. Johnson 53 President - Texas 1997-Present Director of Entergy Gulf States 1996-Present State President - Texas 1996-1997 Vice President - Governmental Affairs of Entergy Gulf 1994-1996 States - Texas Executive Director of State Bar of Texas (state agency) 1990-1994 John J. Cordaro 64 President - Louisiana 1997-Present Director of Entergy Gulf States and Entergy Louisiana 1996-Present State President - Louisiana 1996-1997 President and Director of Entergy Louisiana and Entergy 1992-1996 New Orleans Frank F. Gallaher See information under the Entergy Corporation Officers Section in Part I. Donald C. Hintz See information under the Entergy Corporation Officers Section in Part I. Jerry D. Jackson See information under the Entergy Corporation Officers Section in Part I. Edwin Lupberger See information under the Entergy Corporation Officers Section in Part I. Jerry L. Maulden See information under the Entergy Corporation Officers Section in Part I. Gerald D. McInvale See information under the Entergy Corporation Officers Section in Part I. Officers William E. Colston 62 Vice President - Customer Service of Entergy Gulf 1994-Present States Vice President - Customer Service of Entergy Louisiana 1993-Present Vice President - Customer Service of Southern Region of 1993-Present Entergy Services Regional Director of Entergy Louisiana 1992-1993 S. G. Cunningham, Jr. 57 Vice President - Regulatory and Governmental Affairs of 1996-Present Entergy Louisiana and Entergy Gulf States Vice President - State Regulatory Affairs of Entergy 1994-1996 Services Vice President - Entergy Corporation, Entergy Gulf 1993-1994 States Transition, and Regulatory Affairs of Entergy Services Vice President - Rates and Regulatory Affairs of 1991-1994 Entergy Louisiana and Entergy New Orleans Vice President - Regulatory Affairs of Entergy Services 1992-1993 J. Parker McCollough 47 Vice President - State Governmental Affairs of Entergy 1996-Present Gulf States Vice President - Governmental Affairs, Texas 1993-1996 Association of Realtors (trade association) Member- Texas House of Representatives 1989-1993 Wright & Greenhill, PC (law firm) 1991-1993 Edwin Lupberger See information under the Entergy Corporation Officers Section in Part I. Jerry L. Maulden See information under the Entergy Corporation Officers Section in Part I. Frank F. Gallaher See information under the Entergy Corporation Officers Section in Part I. C. Gary Clary See information under the Entergy Arkansas Officers Section above. Jerry D. Jackson See information under the Entergy Corporation Officers Section in Part I. Donald C. Hintz See information under the Entergy Corporation Officers Section in Part I. Gerald D. McInvale See information under the Entergy Corporation Officers Section in Part I. Michael G. Thompson See information under the Entergy Corporation Officers Section in Part I. Michael R. Niggli See information under the Entergy Arkansas Officers Section above. Karen Johnson See information under the Entergy Gulf States Directors Section above. John J. Cordaro See information under the Entergy Gulf States Directors Section above. William J. Regan, Jr. See information under the Entergy Corporation Officers Section in Part I. Louis E. Buck, Jr. See information under the Entergy Corporation Officers Section in Part I. ENTERGY LOUISIANA, INC. Directors Frank F. Gallaher See information under the Entergy Corporation Officers Section in Part I. John J. Cordaro See information under the Entergy Gulf States Directors Section above. Donald C. Hintz See information under the Entergy Corporation Officers Section in Part I. Jerry D. Jackson See information under the Entergy Corporation Officers Section in Part I. Edwin Lupberger See information under the Entergy Corporation Officers Section in Part I. Jerry L. Maulden See information under the Entergy Corporation Officers Section in Part I. Gerald D. McInvale See information under the Entergy Corporation Officers Section in Part I. Officers James D. Bruno 58 Vice President - Customer Service of Entergy Louisiana 1994-Present and Entergy New Orleans Vice President - Metro Region of Entergy Services 1993-Present Region Director - Metro Region of Entergy Services 1991-1993 Edwin Lupberger See information under the Entergy Corporation Officers Section in Part I. Jerry L. Maulden See information under the Entergy Corporation Officers Section in Part I. John J. Cordaro See information under the Entergy Gulf States Directors Section above. C. Gary Clary See information under the Entergy Arkansas Officers Section above. Jerry D. Jackson See information under the Entergy Corporation Officers Section in Part I. Frank F. Gallaher See information under the Entergy Corporation Officers Section in Part I. Donald C. Hintz See information under the Entergy Corporation Officers Section in Part I. Gerald D. McInvale See information under the Entergy Corporation Officers Section in Part I. Michael G. Thompson See information under the Entergy Corporation Officers Section in Part I. Michael R. Niggli See information under the Entergy Arkansas Officers Section above. William E. Colston See information under the Entergy Gulf States Officers Section above. William J. Regan, Jr. See information under the Entergy Corporation Officers Section in Part I. Louis E. Buck, Jr. See information under the Entergy Corporation Officers Section in Part I. C. Hiram Walters See information under the Entergy Arkansas Officers Section above. S. G. Cunningham, Jr. See information under the Entergy Gulf States Officers Section above. ENTERGY MISSISSIPPI, INC. Directors Donald E. Meiners (a) 62 President and Director of Entergy Mississippi 1992-Present Frank F. Gallaher See information under the Entergy Corporation Officers Section in Part I. Donald C. Hintz See information under the Entergy Corporation Officers Section in Part I. Jerry D. Jackson See information under the Entergy Corporation Officers Section in Part I. Edwin Lupberger See information under the Entergy Corporation Officers Section in Part I. Jerry L. Maulden See information under the Entergy Corporation Officers Section in Part I. Gerald D. McInvale See information under the Entergy Corporation Officers Section in Part I. Officers Bill F. Cossar 59 Vice President - Governmental Affairs of Entergy 1987-Present Mississippi Edwin Lupberger See information under the Entergy Corporation Officers Section in Part I. Jerry L. Maulden See information under the Entergy Corporation Officers Section in Part I. Donald E. Meiners See information under the Entergy Mississippi Directors Section above. C. Gary Clary See information under the Entergy Arkansas Officers Section above. Jerry D. Jackson See information under the Entergy Corporation Officers Section in Part I. Frank F. Gallaher See information under the Entergy Corporation Officers Section in Part I. Gerald D. McInvale See information under the Entergy Corporation Officers Section in Part I. Michael G. Thompson See information under the Entergy Corporation Officers Section in Part I. Michael R. Niggli See information under the Entergy Arkansas Officers Section above. William J. Regan, Jr. See information under the Entergy Corporation Officers Section in Part I. Louis E. Buck, Jr. See information under the Entergy Corporation Officers Section in Part I. ENTERGY NEW ORLEANS, INC. Directors Daniel F. Packer 50 President and Director of Entergy New Orleans 1997-Present State President - City of New Orleans 1996-1997 Vice President - Regulatory and Governmental Affairs of 1994-1996 Entergy New Orleans General Manager - Plant Operations at Waterford 3 1991-1994 Jerry D. Jackson See information under the Entergy Corporation Officers Section in Part I. Edwin Lupberger See information under the Entergy Corporation Officers Section in Part I. Jerry L. Maulden See information under the Entergy Corporation Officers Section in Part I. Gerald D. McInvale See information under the Entergy Corporation Officers Section in Part I. Officers Edwin Lupberger See information under the Entergy Corporation Officers Section in Part I. Jerry L. Maulden See information under the Entergy Corporation Officers Section in Part I. C. Gary Clary See information under the Entergy Arkansas Officers Section above. Jerry D. Jackson See information under the Entergy Corporation Officers Section in Part I. Frank F. Gallaher See information under the Entergy Corporation Officers Section in Part I. Gerald D. McInvale See information under the Entergy Corporation Officers Section in Part I. Michael G. Thompson See information under the Entergy Corporation Officers Section in Part I. Michael R. Niggli See information under the Entergy Arkansas Officers Section above. Daniel F. Packer See information under the Entergy New Orleans Directors Section above. James D. Bruno See information under the Entergy Louisiana Officers Section above. William J. Regan, Jr. See information under the Entergy Corporation Officers Section in Part I. Louis E. Buck, Jr. See information under the Entergy Corporation Officers Section in Part I. SYSTEM ENERGY RESOURCES, INC. Directors Donald C. Hintz See information under the Entergy Corporation Officers Section in Part I. Edwin Lupberger See information under the Entergy Corporation Officers Section in Part I. Jerry L. Maulden See information under the Entergy Corporation Officers Section in Part I. Gerald D. McInvale See information under the Entergy Corporation Officers Section in Part I. Officers Joseph L. Blount 51 Secretary of System Energy and Entergy Operations 1991-Present Vice President Legal and External Affairs of Entergy 1990-1993 Operations Edwin Lupberger See information under the Entergy Corporation Officers Section in Part I. Donald C. Hintz See information under the Entergy Corporation Officers Section in Part I. Gerald D. McInvale See information under the Entergy Corporation Officers Section in Part I. William J. Regan, Jr. See information under the Entergy Corporation Officers Section in Part I. Louis E. Buck, Jr. See information under the Entergy Corporation Officers Section in Part I. ENTERGY LONDON INVESTMENTS PLC Directors Edwin Lupberger See information under the Entergy Corporation Officers Section in Part I. Michael B. Bemis See information under the Entergy Corporation Officers Section in Part I. Officers Edwin Lupberger See information under the Entergy Corporation Officers Section in Part I. Michael B. Bemis See information under the Entergy Corporation Officers Section in Part I. Michael G. Thompson See information under the Entergy Corporation Officers Section in Part I. William J. Regan, Jr. See information under the Entergy Corporation Officers Section in Part I. Louis E. Buck, Jr. See information under the Entergy Corporation Officers Section in Part I. Gerald D. McInvale See information under the Entergy Corporation Officers Section in Part I.
(a) Mr. Meiners is a director of Trustmark National Bank, Jackson, MS, and Trustmark Corporation, Jackson, MS. Each director and officer of the applicable Entergy company is elected yearly to serve by the unanimous consent of the sole stockholder, Entergy Corporation, at its annual meeting. Directorships shown in footnote (a) above are generally limited to entities subject to Section 12 or 15(d) of the Securities and Exchange Act of 1934 or to the Investment Company Act of 1940. Section 16(a) Beneficial Ownership Reporting Compliance Information called for by this item concerning the directors and officers of Entergy Corporation is set forth in the Proxy Statement of Entergy Corporation to be filed in connection with its Annual Meeting of Stockholders to be held on May 15, 1998, under the heading "Section 16(a) Beneficial Ownership Reporting Compliance", which information is incorporated herein by reference. Item 11. Executive Compensation ENTERGY CORPORATION Information called for by this item concerning the directors and officers of Entergy Corporation is set forth in the Proxy Statement under the headings "Executive Compensation Tables", "General Information About Nominees", and "Director Compensation", which information is incorporated herein by reference. ENTERGY ARKANSAS, ENTERGY GULF STATES, ENTERGY LOUISIANA, ENTERGY MISSISSIPPI, ENTERGY NEW ORLEANS, SYSTEM ENERGY AND ENTERGY LONDON Summary Compensation Table The following table includes the Chief Executive Officer and the four other most highly compensated executive officers in office as of December 31, 1997 at Entergy Arkansas, Entergy Gulf States, Entergy Louisiana, Entergy Mississippi, Entergy New Orleans, System Energy and Entergy London, (collectively, the "Named Executive Officers") as well as Gerald D. McInvale who would have been included as one of the four most highly compensated officers but for the fact that he was not serving as an executive officer at the end of the fiscal year. This determination was based on total annual base salary and bonuses from all Entergy sources earned by each officer for the year 1997. See Item 10, "Directors and Executive Officers of the Registrants," for information on the principal positions of the Named Executive Officers in the table below. Entergy Arkansas, Entergy Gulf States, Entergy Louisiana, Entergy Mississippi, Entergy New Orleans, System Entergy and Entergy London As shown in Item 10, most Named Executive Officers are employed by several Entergy companies. Because it would be impracticable to allocate such officers' salaries among the various companies, the table below includes the aggregate compensation paid by all Entergy companies.
Long-Term Compensation Annual Compensation Awards Payouts Restricted Securities (b) (c) (a) Other Annual Stock Underlying LTIP All Other Name Year Salary Bonus Compensation Awards Options Payouts Compensation Michael B. Bemis 1997 $314,154 $ 0 $ 734,368 (f) (d) 5,000 shares $ 0 $11,736 1996 297,115 168,125 43,884 (d) 5,000 0 12,813 1995 290,000 216,909 22,844 (d) 27,500 294,282 12,063 Joseph L. Blount 1997 $126,288 $ 0 $ 291 (d) 0 shares $ 0 $3,789 1996 124,904 38,471 10,147 (d) 0 0 6,177 1995 119,185 43,645 15,842 (d) 0 0 15,705 Louis E. Buck, Jr. 1997 $159,954 $29,882 $ 9,105 (d) 2,500 shares $ 0 $ 4,799 1996 153,558 66,187 26,132 (d) 0 0 20,683 1995 49,039 21,280 9,151 (d) 0 0 7,529 Frank F. Gallaher 1997 $327,385 $ 0 $ 11,132 (d) 5,000 shares $ 0 $ 9,822 1996 276,538 130,150 35,641 (d) 5,000 0 10,321 1995 240,000 198,360 61,360 (d) 27,500 324,398 7,638 Donald C. Hintz* 1997 $365,077 $ 0 $ 18,245 (d) 5,000 shares $ 0 $10,952 1996 343,269 231,299 12,516 (d) 5,000 0 14,197 1995 325,000 265,049 13,394 (d) 30,000 409,414 9,750 Jerry D. Jackson 1997 $342,077 $ 0 $ 56,359 (d) 5,000 shares $ 0 $10,262 1996 332,115 209,489 37,928 (d) 5,000 0 13,862 1995 325,000 256,838 43,054 (d) 30,000 422,438 9,750 Edwin Lupberger** 1997 $785,385 $ 0 $ 271,422 (d) 10,000 shares $ 0 $23,562 1996 735,577 448,794 123,601 (d) 10,000 0 23,567 1995 700,000 568,400 89,163 (d) 60,000 781,337 21,000 Jerry L. Maulden 1997 $445,615 $ 0 $ 67,485 (d) 5,000 shares $ 0 $13,369 1996 435,000 260,301 27,056 (d) 5,000 0 14,550 1995 435,000 353,220 26,248 (d) 30,000 422,438 13,050 Gerald D. McInvale (e) 1997 $331,154 $ 0 $ 17,389 (d) 5,000 shares $ 0 $ 9,923 1996 271,730 179,576 13,995 (d) 5,000 0 12,051 1995 255,481 186,739 12,525 (d) 27,500 294,282 7,664 William J. Regan, Jr. 1997 $195,379 $36,448 $ 13,740 (d) 2,500 shares $ 0 $ 5,861 1996 190,000 81,132 20,684 (d) 0 0 8,852 1995 120,577 54,727 21,141 (d) 2,000 0 7,821 Michael G. Thompson 1997 $259,315 $ 0 $ 12,856 (d) 5,000 shares $ 0 $ 7,729 1996 245,960 132,620 20,640 (d) 5,000 0 11,278 1995 236,546 163,612 57,600 (d) 2,500 211,219 7,096
* Chief Executive Officer of System Energy. ** Chief Executive Officer of Entergy Arkansas, Entergy Gulf States, Entergy Louisiana, Entergy Mississippi, Entergy New Orleans, and Entergy London. (a) Includes bonuses earned pursuant to the Annual Incentive Plan. (b) Amounts include the value of restricted shares that vested in 1997, 1996, and 1995 (see note (d) below) under Entergy's Equity Ownership Plan. (c) Includes the following: (1) 1997 benefit accruals under the Defined Contribution Restoration Plan as follows: Mr. Bemis $4,625; Mr. Gallaher $5,022; Mr. Hintz $6,152; Mr. Jackson $5,462; Mr. Lupberger $18,762; Mr. Maulden $8,969; Mr. McInvale $5,123; Mr. Regan $1,061; and Mr. Thompson $2,979. (2) 1997 employer contributions to the System Savings Plan as follows: Mr. Bemis $4,800; Mr. Blount $3,789; Mr. Buck $4,799; Mr. Gallaher $4,800; Mr. Hintz $4,800; Mr. Jackson $4,800; Mr. Lupberger $4,800; Mr. Maulden $4,400; Mr. McInvale $4,800; Mr. Regan $4,800; and Mr. Thompson $4,750. (3) 1997 reimbursements for moving expenses as follows: Mr. Bemis $2,311. (d) There were no restricted stock awards in 1997 under the Equity Ownership Plan. At December 31, 1997, the number and value of the aggregate restricted stock holdings were as follows: Mr. Bemis 30,000 shares, $898,125; Mr. Blount 2,250 shares, $67,359; Mr. Buck 4,500 shares, $134,719; Mr. Gallaher 30,000 shares, $898,125; Mr. Hintz 30,000 shares, $898,125; Mr. Jackson 30,000 shares, $898,125; Mr. Lupberger 60,000 shares, $1,796,250; Mr. Maulden 37,500 shares, $1,122,656; Mr. McInvale 30,000 shares, $898,125; Mr. Regan 4,500 shares, $134,719; and Mr. Thompson 22,500 shares, $673,594. Accumulated dividends are paid on restricted stock when vested. The value of stock for which restrictions were lifted in 1997, 1996, and 1995, and the applicable portion of accumulated cash dividends, are reported in the LTIP Payouts column in the above table. The value of restricted stock awards as of December 31, 1997 are determined by multiplying the total number of shares awarded by the closing market price of Entergy Corporation common stock on the New York Stock Exchange Composite Transactions on December 31, 1997 ($29.9375 per share). (e) Gerald D. McInvale is a former officer of Entergy Corporation, Entergy Arkansas, Entergy Gulf States, Entergy Louisiana, Entergy Mississippi, Entergy New Orleans, System Energy and Entergy London. (f) Includes approximately $670,000 related to various overseas living expenses, including UK taxes and housing, associated with Mr. Bemis' overseas assignment in London. Option Grants in 1997 The following table summarizes option grants during 1997 to the Named Executive Officers. The absence, in the table below, of any Named Executive Officer indicates that no options were granted to such officer. Entergy Arkansas, Entergy Gulf States, Entergy Louisiana, Entergy Mississippi, Entergy New Orleans, System Entergy and Entergy London
Individual Grants Potential Realizable % of Total Value Number of Options at Assumed Annual Securities Granted to Exercise Rates of Stock Underlying Employees Price Price Appreciation Options in (per share) Expiration for Option Term (b) Name Granted (a) 1997 (a) Date 5% 10% Michael B. Bemis 5,000 2.0% $ 26.5 1/30/07 $ 83,329 $211,171 Louis E. Buck, Jr. 2,500 1.0% 26.5 1/30/07 41,664 105,585 Frank F. Gallaher 5,000 2.0% 26.5 1/30/07 83,329 211,171 Donald C. Hintz 5,000 2.0% 26.5 1/30/07 83,329 211,171 Jerry D. Jackson 5,000 2.0% 26.5 1/30/07 83,329 211,171 Edwin Lupberger 10,000 3.9% 26.5 1/30/07 166,657 422,342 Jerry L. Maulden 5,000 2.0% 26.5 1/30/07 83,329 211,171 Gerald D. McInvale 5,000 2.0% 26.5 1/30/07 83,329 211,171 William J. Regan, Jr. 2,500 1.0% 26.5 1/30/07 41,664 105,585 Michael G. Thompson 5,000 2.0% 26.5 1/30/07 83,329 211,171
(a) Options were granted on January 30, 1997, pursuant to the Equity Ownership Plan. All options granted on this date have an exercise price equal to the closing price of Entergy Corporation common stock on the New York Stock Exchange Composite Transactions on January 30, 1997. These options became exercisable on July 30, 1997. (b) Calculation based on the market price of the underlying securities assuming the market price increases over a ten-year option period and assuming annual compounding. The column presents estimates of potential values based on simple mathematical assumptions. The actual value, if any, a Named Executive Officer may realize is dependent upon the market price on the date of option exercise. Aggregated Option Exercises in 1997 and December 31, 1997 Option Values The following table summarizes the number and value of all unexercised options held by the Named Executive Officers. The absence, in the table below, of any Named Executive Officer indicates that no options are held by such officer. In 1997, no options were exercised by any Named Executive Officer.
Number of Securities Value of Unexercised Underlying Unexercised Options In-the-Money Options as of December 31, 1997 as of December 31, 1997(a) Name Exercisable Unexercisable Exercisable Unexercisable Michael B. Bemis 20,000 25,000 $ 37,188 $ 226,563 Louis E. Buck, Jr. 2,500 - 8,594 - Frank F. Gallaher 17,500 25,000 36,406 226,563 Donald C. Hintz 27,500 25,000 53,594 226,563 Jerry D. Jackson 24,411 25,000 20,841 226,563 Edwin Lupberger 58,824 50,000 107,308 453,125 Jerry L. Maulden 30,000 25,000 54,375 226,563 Gerald D. McInvale 20,000 25,000 37,188 226,563 William J. Regan, Jr. 2,500 2,000 8,594 12,875 Michael G. Thompson 17,500 - 36,406 -
(a) Based on the difference between the closing price of Entergy Corporation's common stock on the New York Stock Exchange Composite Transactions on December 31, 1997, and the option exercise price. Pension Plan Tables Entergy Arkansas, Entergy Gulf States, Entergy Louisiana, Entergy Mississippi, Entergy New Orleans, and System Energy Retirement Income Plan Table Annual Covered Years of Service Compensation 15 20 25 30 35 $100,000 $ 22,500 $ 30,000 $37,500 $45,000 $52,000 200,000 45,000 60,000 75,000 90,000 105,000 300,000 67,500 90,000 112,500 135,000 157,500 400,000 90,000 120,000 150,000 180,000 210,000 500,000 112,500 150,000 187,500 225,000 262,500 650,000 146,250 195,000 243,750 292,500 341,250 950,000 213,750 285,000 356,250 427,500 498,750 All of the Named Executive Officers participate in a Retirement Income Plan, a defined benefit plan, that provides a benefit for employees at retirement from Entergy based upon (1) generally all years of service beginning at age 21 through termination, with a forty-year maximum, multiplied by (2) 1.5%, multiplied by (3) the final average compensation. Final average compensation is based on the highest consecutive 60 months of covered compensation in the last 120 months of service. The normal form of benefit for a single employee is a lifetime annuity and for a married employee is a 50% joint and survivor annuity. Other actuarially equivalent options are available to each retiree. Retirement benefits are not subject to any deduction for Social Security or other offset amounts. The amount of the Named Executive Officers' annual compensation covered by the plan as of December 31, 1997, is represented by the salary column in the Summary Compensation Table above. The credited years of service under the Retirement Income Plan, as of December 31, 1997, for the Named Executive Officers is as follows: Mr. Bemis 15; Mr. Blount 13; Mr. Buck 2; Mr. Gallaher 28; Mr. Maulden 32; and Mr. Regan 2. The credited years of service under the respective Retirement Income Plan, as of December 31, 1997 for the following Named Executive Officers, as a result of entering into supplemental retirement agreements, is as follows: Mr. Hintz 26; Mr. Jackson 18; Mr. Lupberger 34; Mr. McInvale 25; and Mr. Thompson 21. The maximum benefit under the Retirement Income Plan is limited by Sections 401 and 415 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended; however, Entergy Arkansas, Entergy Gulf States, Entergy Louisiana, Entergy Mississippi, Entergy New Orleans, and System Energy have elected to participate in the Pension Equalization Plan sponsored by Entergy Corporation. Under this plan, certain executives, including the Named Executive Officers, would receive an additional amount equal to the benefit that would have been payable under the Retirement Income Plan, except for the Sections 401 and 415 limitations discussed above. In addition to the Retirement Income Plan discussed above, Entergy Arkansas, Louisiana, Mississippi, New Orleans, and System Energy participate in the Supplemental Retirement Plan of Entergy Corporation and Subsidiaries and the Post-Retirement Plan of Entergy Corporation and Subsidiaries. Participation is limited to one of these two plans and is at the invitation of Entergy Arkansas, Entergy Louisiana, Entergy Mississippi, Entergy New Orleans, and System Energy. The participant may receive from the appropriate Entergy company a monthly benefit payment not in excess of .025 (under the Supplemental Retirement Plan) or .0333 (under the Post-Retirement Plan) times the participant's average basic annual salary (as defined in the plans) for a maximum of 120 months. Mr. Hintz has entered into a Supplemental Retirement Plan participation contract, and all of the other Named Executive Officers, (except for Mr. Blount, Mr. Buck, Mr. McInvale, Mr. Regan, and Mr. Thompson) have entered into Post- Retirement Plan participation contracts. Current estimates indicate that the annual payments to the Named Executive Officers under the above plans would be less than the payments to that officer under the System Executive Retirement Plan discussed below. System Executive Retirement Plan Table (1) Annual Covered Years of Service Compensation 15 20 25 30+ $ 200,000 $ 90,000 $100,000 $110,000 $120,000 300,000 135,000 150,000 165,000 180,000 400,000 180,000 200,000 220,000 240,000 500,000 225,000 250,000 275,000 300,000 600,000 270,000 300,000 330,000 360,000 700,000 315,000 350,000 385,000 420,000 1,000,000 450,000 500,000 550,000 600,000 ___________ (1) Benefits shown are based on a target replacement ratio of 50% based on the years of service and covered compensation shown. The benefits for 10, 15, and 20 or more years of service at the 45% and 55% replacement levels would decrease (in the case of 45%) or increase (in the case of 55%) by the following percentages: 3.0%, 4.5%, and 5.0%, respectively. In 1993, Entergy Corporation adopted the System Executive Retirement Plan (SERP). Entergy Arkansas, Entergy Gulf States, Entergy Louisiana, Entergy Mississippi, Entergy New Orleans, and System Energy are participating employers in the SERP. The SERP is an unfunded defined benefit plan offered at retirement to certain senior executives, which would currently include all the Named Executive Officers (except for Mr. Blount). Participating executives choose, at retirement, between the retirement benefits paid under provisions of the SERP or those payable under the Supplemental Retirement Plan or the Post-Retirement Plan discussed above. Covered pay under the SERP includes final annual base salary (see the Summary Compensation Table above for the base salary covered by the SERP as of December 31, 1997) plus the Target Incentive Award (i.e., a percentage of final annual base salary) for the participant in effect at retirement. Benefits paid under the SERP are calculated by multiplying the covered pay times target pay replacement ratios (45%, 50%, or 55%, dependent on job rating at retirement) that are attained, according to plan design, at 20 years of credited service. The target ratios are increased by 1% for each year of service over 20 years, up to a maximum of 30 years of service. In accordance with the SERP formula, the target ratios are reduced for each year of service below 20 years. The credited years of service under this plan are identical to the years of service for Named Executive Officers (other than Mr. Bemis, Mr. Jackson, Mr. McInvale, and Mr. Thompson) disclosed above in the section entitled "Pension Plan Tables-Retirement Income Plan Table". Mr. Bemis, Mr. Jackson, Mr. McInvale, and Mr. Thompson have 25 years, 24 years, 16 years, and 16 years, respectively, of credited service under this plan. The normal form of benefit for a single employee is a lifetime annuity and for a married employee is a 50% joint and survivor annuity. All SERP payments are guaranteed for ten years. Other actuarially equivalent options are available to each retiree. SERP benefits are offset by any and all defined benefit plan payments from Entergy and from prior employers. SERP benefits are not subject to Social Security offsets. Eligibility for and receipt of benefits under any of the executive plans described above are contingent upon several factors. The participant must agree, without the specific consent of the Entergy company for which such participant was last employed, not to take employment after retirement with any entity that is in competition with, or similar in nature to, Entergy Arkansas, Entergy Gulf States, Entergy Louisiana, Entergy Mississippi, Entergy New Orleans, and System Energy or any affiliate thereof. Eligibility for benefits is forfeitable for various reasons, including violation of an agreement with Entergy Arkansas, Entergy Gulf States, Entergy Louisiana, Entergy Mississippi, Entergy New Orleans, and System Energy, resignation of employment, or termination of employment without Company permission. In addition to the Retirement Income Plan discussed above, Entergy Gulf States provides, among other benefits to officers, an Executive Income Security Plan for key managerial personnel. The plan provides participants with certain retirement, disability, termination, and survivors' benefits. To the extent that such benefits are not funded by the employee benefit plans of Entergy Gulf States or by vested benefits payable by the participants' former employers, Entergy Gulf States is obligated to make supplemental payments to participants or their survivors. The plan provides that upon the death or disability of a participant during his employment, he or his designated survivors will receive (i) during the first year following his death or disability an amount not to exceed his annual base salary, and (ii) thereafter for a number of years until the participant attains or would have attained age 65, but not less than nine years, an amount equal to one-half of the participant's annual base salary. The plan also provides supplemental retirement benefits for life for participants retiring after reaching age 65 equal to one- half of the participant's average final compensation rate, with one- half of such benefit upon the death of the participant being payable to a surviving spouse for life. Entergy Gulf States amended and restated the plan effective March 1, 1991, to provide such benefits for life upon termination of employment of a participating officer or key managerial employee without cause (as defined in the plan) or if the participant separates from employment for good reason (as defined in the plan), with 1/2 of such benefits to be payable to a surviving spouse for life. Further, the plan was amended to provide medical benefits for a participant and his family when the participant separates from service. These medical benefits generally continue until the participant is eligible to receive medical benefits from a subsequent employer; but in the case of a participant who is over 50 at the time of separation and was participating in the plan on March 1, 1991, medical benefits continue for life. By virtue of the 1991 amendment and restatement, benefits for a participant under such plan cannot be modified once he becomes eligible to participate in the plan. None of the Named Executive Officers are participants in this plan. Compensation of Directors For information regarding compensation of the directors of Entergy Corporation, see the Proxy Statement under the heading "Director Compensation", which information is incorporated herein by reference. Entergy Arkansas, Entergy Gulf States, Entergy Louisiana, Entergy Mississippi, Entergy New Orleans, System Energy and Entergy London currently have no non-employee directors, and none of the current directors is compensated for his responsibilities as director. Retired non-employee directors of Entergy Arkansas, Entergy Louisiana, Entergy Mississippi, and Entergy New Orleans with a minimum of five years of service on the respective Boards of Directors are paid $200 a month for a term of years corresponding to the number of years of active service as directors. Retired non-employee directors with over ten years of service receive a lifetime benefit of $200 a month. Years of service as an advisory director are included in calculating this benefit. System Energy and Entergy London have no retired non-employee directors. Retired non-employee directors of Entergy Gulf States receive retirement benefits under a plan in which all directors who served continuously for a period of years will receive a percentage of their retainer fee in effect at the time of their retirement for life. The retirement benefit is 30 percent of the retainer fee for service of not less than five nor more than nine years, 40 percent for service of not less than ten nor more than fourteen years, and 50 percent for fifteen or more years of service. For those directors who retired prior to the retirement age, their benefits are reduced. The plan also provides disability retirement and optional hospital and medical coverage if the director has served at least five years prior to the disability. The retired director pays one-third of the premium for such optional hospital and medical coverage and Entergy Gulf States pays the remaining two-thirds. Years of service as an advisory director are included in calculating this benefit. Employment Contracts and Termination of Employment and Change-in- Control Arrangements Entergy Gulf States As a result of the Merger, Entergy Gulf States is obligated to pay benefits under the Executive Income Security Plan to those persons who were participants at the time of the Merger and who later terminated their employment under circumstances described in the plan. For additional description of the benefits under the Executive Income Security Plan, see the "Pension Plan Tables-System Executive Retirement Plan Table" section noted above. Entergy Corporation, Entergy Arkansas, Entergy Gulf States, Entergy Louisiana, Entergy Mississippi, Entergy New Orleans, System Energy, and Entergy London In connection with the resignation of his position as Vice Chairman, Mr. McInvale entered into a contract under which he will provide services as required and remain as an employee of Entergy Services through May 31, 2001, subject to certain terms and conditions, at a monthly salary of approximately $33,300. In addition, such contract provides for the continuation of benefits under Mr. McInvale's continued participation in, or the providing of benefits comparable to those under, Entergy's Savings Plan, Retirement Plan, Supplemental Credited Service Agreement, System Executive Retirement Plan, Equity Ownership Plan, Executive Medical Plan and the applicable portion of any awards under the Executive Annual Incentive Plan and Long Term Incentive Program. In the event of Mr. McInvale's death prior to May 31, 2001, his surviving spouse or estate would receive a lump sum equal to the net present value of all base salary payments due from the date of death to May 31, 2001, together with the benefits lost, or the comparable value. Personnel Committee Interlocks and Insider Participation The compensation of Entergy Arkansas, Entergy Gulf States, Entergy Louisiana, Entergy Mississippi, Entergy New Orleans, System Energy and Entergy London executive officers was set by the Personnel Committee of Entergy Corporation's Board of Directors, composed solely of Directors of Entergy Corporation. No current or former officers or employees of any Entergy company participated in deliberations concerning compensation during 1997. Item 12. Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management Entergy Corporation owns 100% of the outstanding common stock of registrants Entergy Arkansas, Entergy Gulf States, Entergy Louisiana, Entergy Mississippi, Entergy New Orleans, System Energy and Entergy London. The information with respect to persons known by Entergy Corporation to be beneficial owners of more than 5% of Entergy Corporation's outstanding common stock is included under the heading "Stockholders Who Own at Least Five Percent" in the Proxy Statement, which information is incorporated herein by reference. The registrants know of no contractual arrangements that may, at a subsequent date, result in a change in control of any of the registrants. As of December 31, 1997, the directors, the Named Executive Officers, and the directors and officers as a group for Entergy Corporation, Entergy Arkansas, Entergy Gulf States, Entergy Louisiana, Entergy Mississippi, Entergy New Orleans, System Energy and Entergy London, respectively, beneficially owned directly or indirectly common stock of Entergy Corporation as indicated: Entergy Corporation Common Stock Amount and Nature of Beneficial Ownership(a) Sole Voting and Other Investment Beneficial Name Power Ownership(b) Entergy Corporation W. Frank Blount* 5,034 - John A. Cooper, Jr.* 7,534 - Lucie J. Fjeldstad**** 3,984 - Dr. Norman C. Francis* 1,200 - Frank F. Gallaher** 19,641 17,500 Donald C. Hintz** 11,318 27,500 Jerry D. Jackson** 29,500 24,411 Robert v.d. Luft* 4,284 - Edwin Lupberger*** 36,583 63,324 (c) Jerry L. Maulden** 27,165 30,000 Gerald D. McInvale (d) 10,901 20,000 Adm. Kinnaird R. McKee* 3,067 - Paul W. Murrill* 2,985 - James R. Nichols* 6,065 - Eugene H. Owen* 3,692 - John N. Palmer, Sr.* 16,481 - Robert D. Pugh* 8,300 6,500 (c) Wm. Clifford Smith* 6,621 - Bismark A. Steinhagen* 8,237 - All directors and executive officers 262,891 244,235 Entergy Arkansas Frank F. Gallaher*** 19,641 17,500 Donald C. Hintz*** 11,318 27,500 Jerry D. Jackson*** 29,500 24,411 R. Drake Keith* 9,019 - Edwin Lupberger*** 36,583 63,324 (c) Jerry L. Maulden*** 27,165 30,000 Gerald D. McInvale (d) 10,901 20,000 All directors and executive officers 198,064 205,235 Entergy Gulf States John J. Cordaro * 5,369 - Frank F. Gallaher*** 19,641 17,500 Donald C. Hintz*** 11,318 27,500 Jerry D. Jackson*** 29,500 24,411 Karen R. Johnson * 802 - Edwin Lupberger*** 36,583 63,324 (c) Jerry L. Maulden*** 27,165 30,000 Gerald D. McInvale (d) 10,901 20,000 All directors and executive officers 192,465 205,235 Entergy Louisiana John J. Cordaro* 5,369 - Frank F. Gallaher*** 19,641 17,500 Donald C. Hintz*** 11,318 27,500 Jerry D. Jackson*** 29,500 24,411 Edwin Lupberger*** 36,583 63,324 (c) Jerry L. Maulden*** 27,165 30,000 Gerald D. McInvale (d) 10,901 20,000 All directors and executive officers 201,761 205,235 Entergy Mississippi Frank F. Gallaher*** 19,641 17,500 Donald C. Hintz* 11,318 27,500 Jerry D. Jackson*** 29,500 24,411 Edwin Lupberger*** 36,583 63,324 (c) Jerry L. Maulden*** 27,165 30,000 Gerald D. McInvale (d) 10,901 20,000 Donald E. Meiners* 10,521 - Michael G. Thompson** 13,462 17,500 All directors and executive officers 185,188 205,235 Entergy New Orleans Frank F. Gallaher** 19,641 17,500 Jerry D. Jackson*** 29,500 24,411 Edwin Lupberger*** 36,583 63,324 (c) Jerry L. Maulden*** 27,165 30,000 Gerald D. McInvale (d) 10,901 20,000 Daniel F. Packer *** 3,854 - Michael G. Thompson** 13,462 17,500 All directors and executive officers 168,482 177,735 System Energy Joseph L. Blount** 3,535 - Louis E. Buck, Jr.** 2,996 2,500 Donald C. Hintz*** 11,318 27,500 Edwin Lupberger*** 36,583 63,324 (c) Jerry L. Maulden* 27,165 30,000 Gerald D. McInvale (d) 10,901 20,000 William J. Regan, Jr.** 2,908 2,500 All directors and executive officers 95,406 145,824 Entergy London Michael B. Bemis*** 24,646 20,000 Louis E. Buck, Jr.** 2,996 2,500 Edwin Lupberger*** 36,583 63,324 (c) Gerald D. McInvale (d) 10,901 20,000 William J. Regan, Jr.** 2,908 2,500 Michael G. Thompson** 13,462 17,500 All directors and executive officers 80,585 125,824 * Director of the respective Company ** Named Executive Officer of the respective Company *** Director and Named Executive Officer of the respective Company **** Mrs. Fjeldstad's term will expire at the Annual Meeting and she is not standing for re-election. (a) Based on information furnished by the respective individuals. Except as noted, each individual has sole voting and investment power. The amount owned by each individual and by all directors and executive officers as a group does not exceed one percent of the outstanding securities of any class of security so owned. (b) Includes, for the Named Executive Officers, shares of Entergy Corporation common stock in the form of unexercised stock options awarded pursuant to the Equity Ownership Plan as follows: Louis E. Buck, Jr., 2,500 shares; Michael B. Bemis, 20,000 shares; Frank F. Gallaher, 17,500 shares; Donald C. Hintz, 27,500 shares; Jerry D. Jackson, 24,411 shares; Edwin Lupberger, 58,824 shares; Jerry L. Maulden, 30,000 shares; Gerald D. McInvale, 20,000 shares; William J. Regan, Jr., 2,500 shares; and Michael G. Thompson, 17,500 shares. (c) Includes, for the Named Executive Officers, shares of Entergy Corporation common stock held by their spouses. The named persons disclaim beneficial ownership in these shares as follows: Edwin Lupberger, 2,500 shares; and Robert D. Pugh, 6,500 shares. In addition, Edwin Lupberger owns 2,000 shares in joint tenancy with his mother for which he disclaims beneficial ownership. (d) Gerald D. McInvale is a former officer of Entergy Corporation, Entergy Arkansas, Entergy Gulf States, Entergy Louisiana, Entergy Mississippi, Entergy New Orleans, System Energy, and Entergy London. Item 13. Certain Relationships and Related Transactions During 1997, T. Baker Smith & Son, Inc. performed land surveying services for, and received payments of approximately $81,000 from, Entergy Louisiana, Inc. Mr. Wm. Clifford Smith, a director of Entergy Corporation, is President of T. Baker Smith & Son, Inc. Mr. Smith's children own 100% of the voting stock of T. Baker Smith & Son, Inc. See Item 10, "Directors and Executive Officers of the Registrants," for information on certain relationships and transactions required to be reported under this item. Other than as provided under applicable corporate laws, Entergy does not have policies whereby transactions involving executive officers and directors are approved by a majority of disinterested directors. However, pursuant to the Entergy Corporation Code of Conduct, transactions involving an Entergy company and its executive officers must have prior approval by the next higher reporting level of that individual, and transactions involving an Entergy company and its directors must be reported to the secretary of the appropriate Entergy company. PART IV Item 14. Exhibits, Financial Statement Schedules, and Reports on Form 8-K. (a)1. Financial Statements and Independent Auditors' Reports for Entergy, Entergy Arkansas, Entergy Gulf States, Entergy Louisiana, Entergy Mississippi, Entergy New Orleans, System Energy, Entergy London, and London Electricity are listed in the Index to Financial Statements (see pages 44 and 45) (a)2. Financial Statement Schedules Reports of Independent Accountants on Financial Statement Schedules (see page 249) Financial Statement Schedules are listed in the Index to Financial Statement Schedules (see page S-1) (a)3. Exhibits Exhibits for Entergy, Entergy Arkansas, Entergy Gulf States, Entergy Louisiana, Entergy Mississippi, Entergy New Orleans, System Energy and Entergy London are listed in the Exhibit Index (see page E-1). Each management contract or compensatory plan or arrangement required to be filed as an exhibit hereto is identified as such by footnote in the Exhibit Index. (b) Reports on Form 8-K Entergy Corporation A current report on Form 8-K, dated September 23, 1997, was filed with the SEC on October 1, 1997, reporting information under Item 5. "Other Events". Entergy Corporation, Entergy Arkansas, and Entergy Gulf States A current report on Form 8-K, dated October 9, 1997, was filed with the SEC on October 10, 1997, reporting information under Item 5. "Other Events". Entergy Corporation A current report on Form 8-K, dated November 19, 1997, was filed with the SEC on November 24, 1997, reporting information under Item 5. "Other Information". Entergy Corporation, Entergy Arkansas, Entergy Gulf States, and System Energy A current report on Form 8-K, dated December 12, 1997, was filed with the SEC on December 29, 1997, reporting information under Item 5. "Other Information". ENTERGY CORPORATION SIGNATURES Pursuant to the requirements of Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, thereunto duly authorized. The signature of the undersigned company shall be deemed to relate only to matters having reference to such company and any subsidiaries thereof. ENTERGY CORPORATION By /s/ Louis E. Buck Louis E. Buck, Vice President, Chief Accounting Officer and Assistant Secretary Date: March 9, 1998 Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, this report has been signed below by the following persons on behalf of the registrant and in the capacities and on the dates indicated. The signature of each of the undersigned shall be deemed to relate only to matters having reference to the above-named company and any subsidiaries thereof. Signature Title Date /s/ Louis E. Buck Louis E. Buck Vice President, Chief Accounting March 9, 1998 Officer and Assistant Secretary (Principal Accounting Officer) Edwin Lupberger (Chairman of the Board, Chief Executive Officer and Director; Principal Executive Officer); W. Frank Blount, John A. Cooper, Jr., Lucie J. Fjeldstad, N. C. Francis, Robert v.d. Luft, Kinnaird R. McKee, Paul W. Murrill, James R. Nichols, Eugene H. Owen, John N. Palmer, Sr., Robert D. Pugh, Wm. Clifford Smith, and Bismark A. Steinhagen (Directors). By: /s/ Louis E. Buck March 9, 1998 (Louis E. Buck, Attorney-in-fact) ENTERGY ARKANSAS, INC. SIGNATURES Pursuant to the requirements of Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, thereunto duly authorized. The signature of the undersigned company shall be deeme